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if. 7^3 



THE ^^'^-'/iT^/ 


''.'■' a 

OF THE ^ -. \ 

, ^ ^ 



' . I. 
















R. VALPY, D.D. F.A.S. 














Intended chiefly for the higher classes of Grammar Schools. 
By F* VALPY, M,A. Trin. Coll. Camb. 

(A Specimen of the Work is here subfoined.) 
Sabbatum, a sabbath : cra/3^ wb. iBum,* teCum, (as <nrio$, 


Sabulum, gravelly soil : for 
satibulum fr. sero, satum, as Sto, 
Statum, Stabulum. 'Arena is 
4hin and barren; sabulum is 
more thick and moist, and is 
more fit for producing seed/' 
F. That is, it is more fit for 
SOWING. Or sabulum is a di- 
minutive of sabu^ for samus fr. 
'ifoi/uoSf '^ufufMs, sand 

Saburra, sand for ballast : fr. 
sabulum. Some trace it to Celt. 

Saccharum, sugar: o-oxx^ov 

Saccus, a sack : <raxxos 

Sacer, sacred : for soger fr. 
ayosf purity. S as 10, Sex 

Sacerdos, a priest : fr. sacer. 
Compare Dulcerfo, Vindis, Pal- 
lidus. Or fr. sacra do 

SacrileguSf sacrilegious : qui 
sacra legit. 'Vel quae sublegi 
tacitus tibi carmina nuper,' Virg. 

Saculum, an age : for secu" 
culum or seququlum fr. sequor, 
from one age following or suc- 
ceeding another. Or a diminu- 
tive of sacum fr. aim, (an age) 

speCus), sacum (as epoo, Sero) 

Sape^ often : fr. stepes or se- 
pes, a hedge. ' A rustic word of 
ancient date; for, as (sapes) a 
hedge is thick, they expressed 
OFTEN by 5^6, thickly,' S. 

S€Bpes : See Sepes 

* Sitous, cruel : 'for sca- 
vus/ v. F. Scavus is, untoward, 
perverse; was savus primarily 
applied to one of untoward, 
peevish, angry, harsh temper? 
' Fr#m crevco, I am furious,' A. 

Saga, a wise woman, witch ; 
sagax, qui(Jc-scented ; applied to 
the mind, sagacious : from sagio, 
(wb.prasagio,) I have keen per- 
ception or discernment 

Sagena, a fishing net : ^ayf^vv^ 

Saglna, meat for cramming 
animals: fr. <ray«, f. 2. of o-aTTco, 
I cram, stuff 

Sagitla, a daat : fr. axKrr^, 
pointed, fr. ax/^co. Acista, acitta, 
(as tfItus for 7rl(rri$) sacitta (as 
igax, Sero), sagitta. V. compares 
Segesta fr. 'Axia-ra 

Sagmen, vervain, herba pura : 
for sagimen fr. ay 10$, pure 

■ ' Est arena bine inde jacta sparsaqiie et qaaii semikata/ V. 
^ Comp. avwn fr. My. 


if. 7^3 



with the etymology of one of the words of our own language, 
and are enabled to distinguish ieioiion from other verbs. 

Points of history aiid geography also have thrown in their 
assistance towards facilitating the remembrance of Greek words. 
MeVoj is, middle ; ^roTajxoj is, a river. Mesopotamia received its 
name from these two words ; it being in the middle of two 
rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates. 

Another mode of associating words is that of tracing them to 
their roots, n/vaf, a board, is usually set down as a primitive 
word. But some eminent scholars have recently traced it to 
one, which is now obsolete ia Greeks btit is preserved in the 
Latin pinm. nha^ is so called^ as being made oi^pine wood. 
Again : Sj3f)f ^ is, contumelious pride. The perpetual cbange of 
)3 and ic has obsctired its origin for twenty centuries. ^T^%h is 
nothing but Cwg »? for Zm^s frotn ^Jj, as * superbia' from ' mipet ' 
which is deHlr^ from dipi^. .> 

Surely ft were betted 4o brittg to the slftde^t's attention mt\\ 
derivations and derivatif es, v^hHe he is lea^nfog the vocabulary, 
thari to dcffer it to a p6ri<yd when the pe^vrer they possess df 
ftcceieratinfgliiil pr6gi1es» ha« beis<^ine incapable of application*^ 
But H Win be iantidpatetf: that many Greek words are iii^ 
capable of the associations - above mentioiibed. This f(rouId 
naturally be expected from a language which is so li^b a^ 
eopious as'the Greek, and which hM' TiN^erred itS' resources 
through such various and r^m<]le ehann^li^. : ^there «ikothe 
€onveniefH3e of the student has not been nieglected. |n .these 
cases the Writer has endeavc^nred to-^dsi^ the memory fcy 
flom^xing passages in which strch Wordsr (Siicxit. Tbdite cdntet&ts 
have been ehosei^ in the first j^^ce whitlr were paHiciikitly 
strikfe^t bHt, where this has failed^ thos^ have beeii elected 
which seeriied best adapted to the memory. ^liK»se pasda^s d<iie 
geaentBy accompttnied with a translation in the Notes. 


Some wocds are left ooA^sociated. Some of tbese axe msurfced 
with a star, to iitttimfite Omi tbejr occur bat 9eldon^ and in sucb 
a position that the context iUastrates (jbeirimeaning. Tlie rest 
are marited with an obelus. These consist of the names of 
planta and. animala^ and admit of no association. By what 
technical means, which would be^r the. eMmination of tbc^ 
public,- cab we remc^mbec that «poy is the herb wakerobini and, 
that ixuiuo; is the herb pannic? Of the^ however tjip numbev 
is not a hnndied, .andi <>f thi; meaning; of most of them even the 
best scboiam we igimrant.* ^ 

. It should be. montioiied that the reader i^: siiif^sed to b^ in 
some measure acquainted :with tiie liatitt taii^uage* ^ T0 a m^fe 
fingUsb tender: .tbct: words ni?i9ifM{, ni^iofi^, xwXiijp are not more 
nnknbmi than mkimus^ eahthus^ cutevs. Nor ave. the names of 
liie ptanta (f^ikupx^ <tmn^XjBs, ifipitwof more newj to hi^n than fhilyra 
employed, by Horace and Ovid, phas^lus by Virgil, find abi^tanus 
by Horace, Lqcan,^ and liucretios. A passage however iVow 
the Latin writera is subfoined, in. cases where t)ie ][4atu» word is 
of no£ceqttent occmrfenoo. 

The term ' fundamental/ as applied to the wotdf in this 
Jjexicon, ia used a» implying: either those which are primitives, 
or thoae whose meaning or formation does not easily flow Crow 
their primitives. This latitude of meaning has admitted the 
jnieodaCtiQn of xufifioLks, na^f^^im, xpir^xf?^, &c. . 


* Biit little atteulioa lias been lierc paid to the seieottfic disquisitiQns 
of Dioscorides, Aristotle on Animals, Theophrastus on Plants, Galen, 
Nicander, &c,\ or to the words found merely in the works of the 
ancient lexicographers. These writings are read by none but such as 
are influenced by motives which have no interest with the generality of 
readers of the Greek language. The writer had intended tp insert the 
foreign woi^s in the translations of the Old Testament and of the 
Apocrypha* HJut the following words^ which occur in one page of Bid's 
Lexicon, rc/3^, vc&Sa, vt^aaaa, veiafieufxv^, veeaacpay^ Vi^^f decided 
hioi against putting this idea in execution. 

viii PREFACE. ^M 

The variations of tbc changes in the other tenses from the 
present are often so ^eat, that the student should make himself 
acquainted with their general principles, before he consults this 
work. This mil be better understood, when it is mentioned 
that dragon comes from lipxia, and atom from ^i^l.vla. Je^xm, 
through its second aorist JSotpxov, by transposition Uqaxov, pro- 
duced draco and dragon ; a, not, and Tsfinju, through its perfect 
middle TiToy-a, produced atom. 

For the sake of greater perspicuity in showing the etymology 
of words, the vowel of the present has been retained in deriving 
words which flow from other tenses. Thus aqyii.» is stated to 
come from apyit-at, and agn; from &pTai. 

The prepositions, some pronouns and conjunctions, and a few 
other words, are printed in capitals, as they are the foundation 
of language, and should be learnt before the rest of the words. 
The words in italics are allied to those, to which they are at- 
tached, either by derivation or by apparent identity of origin. The 
Notes consist chiefly of dubious derivations, of translations of 
Greek passages which arc quoted in the text, and of explana- 
tions of English or of Latin derivatives. 

The writer has gathered his materials from any quarter from 
which he could obtain satisfaction. To the claim therefore of 
originality he makes few pretensions.* He has however occa- 
sionally ventured a suggestion, as in the derivation ofa'inai, 0wi^, 
j^oySgoj, T^\E, &c. He has endeavoured to avoid the numerous 
absurdities of both ancient and modern etymologists ; and, if he 
has laid aside what is puerile, he hopes he may claim pardon for 
sometimes introducing what perhaps is merely specious. 

•Tlie writer takes this opportunity of expressing his obligations to 

Mr. H. Hall, a gentlemau who is engaged in London in teaching llic 

Classics in a manner somewhat s.imilai' to tliat which foiins tlie basis 

of Ibis publication, aad whose vuluahle leniaiks suggested to the writer 

the idea o/ i[. 



The work is dbiefly intended for those who are commencing 
the Greek language. But it is believed that it will not be unac- 
ceptable to those who have made some progress in the language. 
It may be found useful in the way of self-examination. To run 
over in a cursory manner and at intervals the constituent * 
words^ will be the means of detecting some yet unknown, and 
of detaining others which are fast fading from the memory. 
And the advanced reader may perhaps find here some remarks 
worthy of his notice on the etymology not only of Greek, but 
also of Latin and English words. 



■ * 

* ■ 

1 ■ • • ■ . 

. I 

J \) /...':» *v;,' 

...J. ■ ' .. / •■■»« 

• • J* : . ■ ■ 

.'iii ■.. >. - ■/ ■ 


Bcb. : 

; S. Bochart 


Bent. : 

; R. Bentley 



: C. J. Blomfield 



: R. F. P. Brunck 



R. Constantioe 






: S. Clarke 



Crabb's Synonyms 



: The Delphin Editors 



: C. T. Damm 



: Eustatbius 



C Encyclopaedia Britan- 
' ( nica 



'ErvfioXoyiKov Meya 



J. A. Ernest! 



Facciolati's Lexicon 



: J. B. Gail 

Hes. : 



Hid. : 

G. Hermann 


Hoog. : 

H. Hoogeveen 

HT. : 

Home Tooke 



John Jones 



P. £. Jablonski 



J. D. a Lennep 



A. Matthias 



M. Martini 



: G. Menage 


J. B. Morin 

M. Maittaire 

T. NugjBnt 


J. Parkhurst 

^m. Portus 

D. Ruhnken 

Robinson's Archaeologia 

R. Porson 

Ev. Scbeide 

Salmasius, or Saumaise 

J. Scapula 

J. F. Schleusner 

The ancient Scholiasts 

J. Schweighaeuser 
( H. Stephens, or H. Esti 
( enne 

C Todd's Edition of John- 
\ son's Dictionary 

T. Hemsterhuis 



R. Valpy 

L. C. Valckenaer 


P. Wesseling. 

The abbreviations of the names of the Classical Writers need no 
explanation. LXX. is put fur the Septuagint or "other translations of the 
Old Testament ; NT. is put for the New Testament. Prov. refers to 
the Proverbs selected by Erasmus and others. 

The only abbreviations remaining to be explained arc: 

a.l. for first aorist 

second aorist 

first aorist passive 

first aorist middle 














perfect middle 
perfect passive 
the same as. 


• !iJo^ 9;;».|, ;• :/ J ... . 

THE . 



7T . «J 




SiCi &c. 

Words with * prefixed are such as occur but seldom, and in snch a position that thej are 
illustrated by the context. They need not, therefore, be committed to memory. 

Words mth t prefixed are such as are left unadapted to the memory. This mark is omitted 
before words marked with a star. 

Words commencing with a small letter depend for their compMe illustration on such 
as occur in subsequent parts of the work. Thus it'fi\9fiii9 and iL-fifSn^ depend on fi\im and 


A': 1. A/. 1000 
^A, ^A : ah, vah ; cries expressive 
of the emotions of the mind 
*A & : aha; a cry of ridicule 

A in composition: (l)not;' scarce- 
ly ; it denies or deprives wholly or in 
part ; as iafiH, damo, I subdue, d- 
bafias, avros, a-damant, that which 
cannot be subdued ; rofi^t ^ cutting, 
&'TOfjLos (wh. a-4om\ which cannot be 
cut; (2) too much,^ very much; as 
rXiu,^ bearing, "A-rXoi , A-tlaa, bear-^ 
ing very much ; (3) together,* simul ; 
similarly ; equally ; as X^nrpov, hctw, 
a bed, d-Xiicr«|p» opot, one who shares 
the bed with another, a wife ; (4) a 
mere prefix. Comp. a-rise, a-wake 

haSu, 9ia : I breathe out, exhale.— 
Fr. d«iai=^«. Comp. iiaaOriy a.l.p. 
with ioBfia, aithma 

* &afiai : I am weary like one 
BREATHING hard.—- Middle of &ri/Ai 

*Aafiiv%, rdoff, ii : a stick set up to 

1 In this sense for fknv : henee it is often 
or before ayowel. 
S HerepiUfi»ri7BV. 
% Partiaple of tX^h. 

support a net. — ^Perhaps fr. the same 
root as Lat. ames,^ (' Aut amite levi 
lara tendit retia/ Hor.)# 

aaofiai : I hurt.'-^An; ^x^iros &arac, 
Hom.^ Ate who hurts all. From adkf, 
says M., is formed iiarw, as apvrw fr. 
iipvw, hvirna it, hvvta. See kraia 

Hatra : I have hurt. — For &aa a.l. 
of Hirm 

ijfwroi : jttot (or, veu) hurtful. — Fr. 

ll-oro|jr Jniafiirble. — Fr. ^oipp. of 
&hw, I satiiit^. "A-aros ^ri^s, insatiable 
of hurt 

ii'liaKiw: I am silent from ignot 
ranee. — Fr. /3e/3axa p* of /Sdfw, I 
speak. J. ludicrouMy derives it fn 
£/3a{, &^os : ' I hang over a desk in 
silent thought, am perplexed, gaze at 
in ignorance ' 

a/3dXe or J jSdXe:' ah cast it awa]^, 
the exclamation of one whose mind is 
presented with a sad image; it im- 

4 Here put for fi/uu 

6 So (iir-€eytf ap-age. "Ea, Xa, &ir-<X«y ^^ 
.Sschjlns. Callimachns has 'AiSdAc fiijf^ ^04^ 
XiTsror, OB which Bl. obMn«i*. * \ iduadL % 


ABA a 

plies sorrow, auil a wish tuexclmiige 
a sorrowrul for a bappy coiiiiiliou ; 
alas; I wisli, utiuaui.- — BciAe is 2.a. 
of jj(iXX<Li 

"A-/3a£, .«, i: atUJiher, dresser, 
slab; tablet witli wax or saiiil fiir cal- 

. figoi 

board ; table.— lio£ fr. liifia^at pp. 
of|3aKui, (wli. baculun) I reat on; i-e. 
nieiisa baculo nlxa, L.'^ ' Urceoli sex 
Ornanienluin abaci,' Juv, ' Nee qui 
sfiaco nuiner09,' &c. Pers. 

'A'^nrucinaccessible.uiipassable. — 
Fr. iiiliarai pp. of jinia; whence ill 
grammar ki/per-baton,^ a passing over 
or traossresiion of the rules of syiitax 

'A/J(3«: abba, faihtr.— Hence abbi, 

aflbtipuiov xdflos : llie snfferin<; or 
malady of the people o( Abdera, slu- 
pidity. ' AbderitaiiiE peclora pleSjis 
habed,' Martial 

a-^ikrepoi: OQC who knows no 6ci- 
ter'; ignorant; foolish. — See /3eXTtpot 

&-/3Xe^4i: careless; remiss, languid. 
— Fr. fiifiXet"'^ pp. of (iXiu,. B\iu, is, 
I throw, hurl, send; and a-/3Xe^'}[ 
agrees with, abjeL-t," remiss 

a-PMu,: said of persons billing or 
striking together, i. e. meeting, Arri- 
^oXiut, — Fr. a for 6fia, togelher, and 
^oXiu. See j3qXAu. So ' of-fcndo,' I 
strike against, bit ou, meet or fii^d. 
We speak of persons being thrown 

"A/3paor"Aj3pa:' a maid-servant em- 
ployed ill tbe more delicate kind of 
work, a lady's inaid.^' But fruits their 
odor lost, and meats their taste, If 
GENTLE Abra had not deck'd tbe 
feast ; Dishoiior'd did the sparkling 


g'lblrt fltand. If not received from 
GENTLE Abra't hand,' Prior 

'Afipus: soli, delicate: luxurious; 
conceited, pompous. — ^Pul for aZpos,'" 
whence avpu, aura, a soft air. See 

a-ffpiiTi] j-if & A-^pori] simply ; the 
louely lime of night when MEN are 
NOT abroad, nox sola ; tbe night. — 
I'r, PpoTtit 

'AjipuToroy : the herb southern- 
wood. — ' Absinlhia tetra, Abrotoni- 
gne graces,' Lucret., tvonnwood and 

* A/Si^irdKij : a disb among the 
Medes, made of various pungent herbs 

^ydfiu or -ofiui. See ayant 

'Ayaflus;" good, generous, brave;'* 
good for use, useful, fertile, sound, 
active, prudent; good, as applied to 
the goods of life, to fortune, &c. 01 
ayaOo'i, the rich or nobles.—' Good: 
god. Sax. ; goda, gotha, Gothic; aya- 
Hence tbe Spartan Agalho-ergi '* 

'AynOU, ihos, }) : a heap, as of threads 
in a thread-ball.— "A yafli!!' iyaflfiei, 
Prov., heaps of good things 

ayaia> and -o/iui. See aydui 

'A-yaWu, fut. d-yaXiu : I make 
brighter splendid, adorn, decorate; 
adorn with honor or worship. 'A- 
yaWofiat, I adorn myself; make my- 
self splendid, gay, or glad; set ray- 
aelf out with majesty, pomp, or pride. 
— Probably fr, liie same root as gufo," 
gala-dag. Gala in Spanish is linery, 
show, pomp. Hence Cr. derives gal- 
lant, 'distinguished by splendid 
dress or SPLENDID ((UHlities' 

' Ay aXfta.aTot: anything with which 
any oue is gay, glad, or decorated ; 

ahould b« wrillen^AfitlAc : Ah utinain nunquBm KrvanM. E. *l)o tupposes i( a foreign word. 
Occucfiisent. Alcmmi, pd\t M) fltlA« mjpiAoi 10 Su hdBpm «nii Aanpos, L. G. And Hi- 

tbgv, utinani cetjiHi eueni.' ^i)£ and iiai^f.— -' OJiia uius ospirationis pro- 

6 But Vuu. su^^oies a lo be DegRtive : ruiBcuui rial,' Til. ' Spiih&s nulla raliolulM:- 

it ilia lugJB- tui io denvBtiuoe nomiiiuoi ct veibonini,' L, 
D cuquinariB 11 Ft, iiyiit, I admire, h. 

c solulft de- la Coup, * virtue' luid * vir.' 
isulur, uude 13 ' Davgkly: Sal. duput, the Theotiaon, 

dugfth, dugathi. Tlie Gr. aya6is will alw be 

u. Plinio.' 

7 ft, twlp, ' supjr,' o«et, beyondi i 

peru, lupennm. iupeiilei. 14 Fr. Ipyvy, a 6eed ^ i.e. Good-di 

H Cntnp. fi?Ji and PKtiXfis. Same referil lo Benefactors. 1'he eldest of the Spartan 

^^SAcftwu pp. <iS $Kiwu. tou were >o cslled tioui travelling in tnci 

g S^ppoKd b; uiany learned men to be the for live yenri for the beueGl of the Stale 

feminine of a&pis. Bui Kuhne derives it fr. a Herod. 

Heiirew wurd. aiKnifyiiig. a Hebrew woman; 15 Conip.ygLAaaitdyoA^i^. I. dellTM &)ll\. 

Oe^rem iroatea Uioj uied bj ilie Centilei u Km f[. iydu, But see lim, fiimt -vi«tHH^ 

an oroament ; and^iJbfcaiiiliistfltuef io 
particular are decoriU^d«. it.carae to 
be used pro))eriy: for tbctie^afltd for 
pictaresy images of (be. Gods, and 
splendid offerings to the Giods.'^ — Fr. 

ayaX^iac pp. of 4ypA^L"> : 

"Ayia, fut. [&yata=]&^ti:l leadydraw, 
carry, bring; drive, .«^«;* bring np, 
edocate; draw down tbe scale, weigh, 
and hence, estimate, value, as L^t. 
' duco ;' lead or conduct (myselO» go; 
spend or pass the day, life, a feast, 
&c. as Lat. ago diem, vitam, festum. 
So the Greeks say, £y^ a mourning ; 
for, I mourn. "Ay^p icat fipn, ago et 
fero, I ravage ; so Livy : * Ut ferri 
agique suas res viderunt.' — H. ago, I 
drive, &c. ; ap-age, tlrive away, away 
with ; and fr. dyiuydf are dem-^^ogue,^'' 
leader of the people, and syn^agogue, 
(^avy-aytiry^) a bringing together. Fr, 
&iCTai pp. is ep'OCt^^ 

"Ayu, (lu : I break, ; bruise. — From 
pp. &Krai is d/cTi), acta, {' At procul in 
80I& secretse Troades acid Amissum 
Anchisen flebant,' VirgO ground b ro- 
KEN '^ by the waves, a shore; and 
Acte or Actica, the ancient name of 
Attica, being for the most part bound- 
ed by the sea-shore 

dyayi too much, very much. — ^A- 
yar ayfv, mirum in modum mirari. 
To, firfi-kv ayav, fiyav fcc ripvet, *® 
Alpheus. Uarra yap Ayav irpdrrovtrc 
^iKovtri re yap & y a v, xal fjtioovfnv 
&yav, Kai T&XKa ndyra ofioius,^ Aris- 
tot. Rhet. 

dyay-affrectf : I am very broken or 
oppressed with , grief ; I am aggrieved, 
frangor offensione. — Fr. &Krai pp. of 

16 ' Plato totam renim creatanim uoiversita- 
teiD &yaXfjia rod 6€ov vocat ; et Platonici cogi- 
tationem palchri cujuslibet etsomnii boniinfor- 
matam mente irydhJiMn-os nomine designabant/ 

17 Aiui-aryuySs* Fr. Kifios, the people. 

18 Which is brought over or added. — ^Tlie 
epact is the number of days added to the lunar 
year to make it equal to the solar year. 

19 Comp.^fdv. 

20 .The (saying). Nothing very much, de- 
lights roe very much. 

1 For they do all things too much : for they 
love too inoch, and hate too much, and do all 
other things after the like manner. 

2 fiy your placid temper and by your placid 

a 'Fr. (kyw wdtt,*\lL. < This is contradicted 
Vy &yd«7|> which does not come ir, iyawdo), 
but this from the former, ^t is a constant rule 


&y«i, I break 

d-yaxos : pleasing, placens ; placid* 
— Fr. yavof, pleasure, mirth, cheer? 
fulness. 2^ r* d-yavo-^povi^vp kqI 
vols ay a vols Iir^€(r9tv,^ Horn. 

dyairdftf^ & -^m : I love ; I treat with 
love (amore) or friendship (amiciti4;) 
or with the kiss of love ; I am pleased 
or satisfied with, acquiesce.^ — * Maid 
of Athens, ere we part. Give, oh 
give me back my heart : . • Hea^;; my 
vow, before I go, Z«i| fiov, Vat 
dya^itf,*^ Byron. Hence the ^^ajM^ 
or love-feasts of the early Christians 

hydia, uyd^ta and -^ofiai, dyalia and 
'Ofiaii I admire with stupefaction ; 
I admire ; I envy while 1 admire ; I 
envy, hate. — Fr. dyi|. Agast has been 
compared with dya^rof, formed fr. 
ayacTai pp. of dyd^<ki ; and Johnson 
compares gaze with dyd^ai 

"AyycXos :^ a messenger. — H. an an" 
gel, or divine messenger 

"Ayyapot : a Persian letter- carrier, 
porter, messenger, dyyeXo* 

'Ayyapevoi: I employ any one as 
an &yyapos, make him carry any* 

*Ayy^XXiif, eXoi : I report a message. 
— Comp. &yy€\os 

"Ayyos, eos : a vessel pressed close 
with hoops or other fastenino;s, as a 
basket or cask ; any vessel. — Fr. dyyw 
(Lat. ango, I press close) =dyxbff L. 

"Aye : age, come on ; come, tell 
me. — Fr. dya> 

'Ayeipoi : I lead or draw together ; 
draw money together or make' collec- 
tions by strolling about, I beg ; I beg 
for the Gods.^ — For dyiput^sc&ypw,^ 

that all longer words, unless contracted, come 
from the shorter ; and not Tice'vers^^ 'Aycardof 
is fr. irydmi, which is fr.' itrydrwfr^ ieydm, and is 
that love which proceeds from aduislatiov,' 

4 ' To Love — to be pleased with, delight 
in ; to regard with reverend unwillingness to 
offend,* T. ■ 

6 Mr life, I love thee. iSos is the Modem- 
Greek form. 

6 Fr. &7y^«C=:&ya-y^Aw : yiX», explico, 
wlience y€?Ji». 'Ayy^\A(0, roandata explico, 

7 Among the various arts, by which the 
inferior priests derived money from the poor, 
this was not the least. Carrying an effigy of 
some God or Goddess, they wandered about, 
collecting money, nominally for the God, but 
really for themselves, R. 

8 Comp. Ayp-mrvos. 



fr. &yai. From pin. ayopa is phan- 
toim-agoria, an aasembly of phao- 

'AyiXij : a herd led by a shepherd ; 
a Iruop, crowd ; society. — Fr. ayw, 
I lead, 'Ayi'Kriv &yiiiv, ' agmen agtns,' 

dye^uxni: audacious, ferocious, aelf- 
wiUed.- — Fr. a, yipas, e^ia ; one who 
hasloomaiiy honors, EM. Fromyey^- 
ptiT^a p. of yepuiaaui fr. ytp6io oryEpi5,' 
gero, i. e. curara gero, as in ' gero 
rempubh'cani,' &c. That is, one wlio 
does NOT CARE or mind, S. What- 
ever" be its derivation, says St., I 
tbink it should de Iranslaled 'feros* 
in prose rather than ' superbus' 

fiyij: HEPRACTION of the Bun's 
rays, strikiug the eyes, and blinding 
the sight ; stupefaction, astonishment; 
admiration ; envy. — Fr. &yu, frango. 
See oydu 

'Ayi): a fracture; fragment ; break- 
ing of the waves on the shore. — Fr. 
dyiii, frango 

ftyta^iii au6&yl$ui: I consecfale, pu- 
rify, expiate.— Fr. fiyioiand ayos 

'Ayiriu ■ I lead, — An extended 
form of £yu 

fiyioi: pure, boly, sacred. — Fr. fiyot. 
-Aym iiylwy, LXX., the holy of 
holies. -Ay.E, &yte, &yit, Kipiot 
la^aiie, NT., Holy, holy, holy. Lord 
of Sabaotb. Hence tbc kagio-gra- 
phers " or sacred writers 

'Ayiral : quae se incurvant, the arms. 
— Comp. angle, angulus, ttnctia, un- 
guium, AncHs"^ Martius ; all which 
words imply a bend or curve 

'AytriiXij : an arm. — See &yKal 

'AyicriXit, iSot, ^; an arm-ful, bun- 
dle. — Fr. ayxaXi} 

6yKiaTpov: a CROOKED inslrument 
for laying bold of any (bing; a lish- 
ing-hook ; bait. — See iiyKal. 'AyKvXoy 
AyKiaTpov, a crooked hook 

'AyKoiVij : an arm. — See uyiai 

"AyKot, cos: the curvature or 

9 See yipat, 

10 L. formt it fr. iytpivm,! drair togelliei 
■ crowd ; i. c. a ilioller, quack, iyi/mj!, 

11 Fr. ypiijw, I write. ' Tbp Jews divide 
tbe Old Teitameat into Ibe Law, [be Piopliels, 
aad tliB Uagia-graphers,' WUitbj. 

la Ancia, iyxos, one who bai his elbow ta 
CURVED thai he cannot snctch itonl. Hence, 
•VI Feitm, Anem Mutiu ncetrcd hii ouor, 


winding of a mountain; a valley or 
precipice. — See Ayxai 

aycTiip, Spot, : a etring or cord ; 
clasp, noose. — Vi.&yKrai pp. of fiyxw, 
I press close 

'AynlXoj: curved, crooked. — Hence 

'AyidiKjf. curve or bending of tbe 
arm or knee ; a curved Ihonjj tied to 
a javelin, or the javetin itself; a ring 
fastened to a dog's collar; a hook or 
bill ; arm of the sail-yard ; • the ac- 
tion, as also tbe cup out of which tbe 
wine was cast in the play of the vdrra- 
0OS, from Inrning round the right bifhd 
with great dexterity,' Rob. — Fem. of 

'AyKvKior ; a small oval shield. — 
' Anci/tiornm, nomiois, et togte Obli- 
tus,' Hor. 

'AyiTpn:'* ancora, an anchor ; an 
instrument, branching out, tike an 
anchor, into two arms or douks 

'AyKiif :'* BENDING of the arm, 
elbow ; the arm ; angle of a wall ; arm 
of the sea, brancli ofariver; winding 
of e rock ; and of a shore, i. e. a bay, 
creek. — See aytal 

'AyXaos: adorned, splendid, brig;lir, 
beautiful. — -Fr. nyaXXui, or &ya\iii, 4- 
y\aw. H.Agfaie, (' Cyntliiuset Muss. 
Bacchus et Aglaie,' Virg.) one of tbe 

"AyXiflei : the beads or cloves of 
garlic— Fr, AyXiov, wh. eglium and, 
for euphony, allium " 

"Ayvos ;'* the plant agmitcaatut. 
' Of laurel some, of woodbine many 
more. And wreathes of agnugeagliu 
others bore, 'Dryden. 'MalromE.TbeB- 
custodicnles, bis foliis cubitus sibi ster- 
nunt," Pliny 

'Aytos :'^ pure, chaste. — Hence 
Festus derives agnus." See Syvos 

'Ayvu/ii : I break. — Fr, iyjnrw^dy- 

'Ayopa : an assembly of nieu; a place 

13 Fac. coiDDares i.yKi\os, See iyimf. 

14 Properly 'a place wi.ere aic man J curve, 
□r benda. See the note on iy6v. 

15 SoBMtarandD. 

16 Foi tt-yofoi, Sthol.OQ Nicand, SoiroXi- 

17 Fl. ayot. 

IS 'Becauie Ibeviclim id uerifices i) rirai.' 

al9D iiMiia fr, tixm. - ^hh 

ATO 5 

wliere men assemble/ a cottncil^ court 
of justice, street^ a marketplace; 
articles of tale, proTisions. — Fr. dyo- 
pa pm. of hyelpia 

'Ayopa^w : I traffic io the market, 
buy. — Fr. hyopa 

*Ayopiw & -ev« : I harangue in the 
forum ; harangue, apeak, relate. — Fr. 
Ayojpo. Fr. i^dpcoy is ikXX-Tiyopia, M' 

'Ayo*: a leader. — Fr. fiyw 

Ayoff & Ayos, eof, roi that which 
Iprodaces admiration or veneration by 
ks sanctity or purity ; that which from 
its sanctity or purity is devoted to 
the Gods to expiate crime ; expiation ; 
crime, by the same change as that of 
*■ sacer' in * Auri sacra fames.* — Fr. the 
tame root as &yri. Hence hyto* and 

ityotrrbs : the hand clenched, and 
the arm bent. — Some derive it fr. 5yw, 
and ooriov, 08, The form of the band 
when the bones of the fingers or of 
the elbow are brought round or 
bent.** Xeifioff iyoary, Apoll. Rh. 

"Aypa : a seizure or capture ; that 
which is seized, a prey, booty ; the 
act of seizing prey, hunting, fishing. — 
Ffi fiV*'.* "Ayciv &ypay, to carry away 
prey. H.jwii-«gra,* that which seizes 
the feet, the gout 

*Aypos 'J a field ; farm ; the coun- 
try, rus ; rusticity. — ^H. ager, agri 

iyfHvwvos: roused from sleep; sleep- 
less ; vigilant. — Fr. Ay|t)«=^ypw,* I 
rouse, and ijirvos, sleep 

■'AypwflTw, io£, i : a species of com- 
mon grass. — Fr. dypos; as it grows 
everywhere in the fields, Fac. 

'Ayvici : quae ducit, i. e. a way, a 
street. — A participial, fem. of ayus, 
fr. Aytai 'Qui te DUCiT VIA, dirige 


gresanm,* Viq^. Hence Phmbur is caOk 
ed by Hor. * laevis Aguieui*^ 

"Ayvpcff, loff, fi : an assemblage, a»* 
sembly.— Fr. &yi^sxdy/pM»Ay«d^ 
From fiyvpoy a.2. oi&yvpm Upaneggrkfi 

" Ayxw,' &# : I compress, strmngle.^-^ 
The same as ayy«, Lat. amgo. as, 
* Atque angens utr^que manu sua 
OUTTURA livor,' Silius. H. quinsy for 
squimmmcy for synaney fr. awiLy^nt 

"Ay^i : close at hand, close bj» 
near ; near in form, like ; close at 
hand in time, very soon. — Fr. ^yx^^ 
I press close. Or it is the dative of 
&y{,^ the elbow ; i. e. close at one*a 
elbow. ' Quick, quick ; fear oothinf, 
I'll be at thy elbow,' Shaksp. See ky-^ 
cal and ay K^tv 

"Ayx-avposi the part of night near 
the time when the morning breezes 
begin, the dawn. — Fr. &yxi and ailpa, 
awra, a gentle wind which blows in the 

hyx^-yoosi having the mind o^ 
thoughts ever at hand, quickmindeA 
See v6o9 

t'Ayxwflro :^ the herb orchanet oc 

"Ayw: see after &ya\fjta 

'Ayoiy,*® wvosf 6: a solemn game; 
contest ; the spectators ; the place ; 
any violent contention or exertion; 
the action of a play, as being co»- 
tested in the theatre ;" of a suit, in 
the forum ; of an accusation; the dan» 
ger into which an accused person falls; 
any thing full of danger or distress*^— 
H. ant-agonistt^^ ttgony 

'A-bdfjias, arros,6: ai/afit«a^;iron.--— 
Fr. bafi&, domo ; that which cannot 
be subdued 

k-ba^iui I excite an itching. — Fr* 
&-£a{, {ba^ fr. deSo^ai pp. of ioucytf, I 

20 A figure in speaking, in which something 
OTHER is intended, than what is contained in 
the words literally taken. Fr. AWos, alius, and 

31 "Ev^a irtpi-dynnai r&dora r&r Soarr^wK, 
£. Ttie word is derived bj L. fr. iyoarai pp. 
•f ^AcAtw. It has a participial form. See 

t' So SSjM fr. 1^. 

2 From iro^f , ifofi6s, 

3 Fr. iiyhs, a leader ; i. e. land which a 
nan possesaei as a master or lord, L. So AKpos 
Sx, <bcw, &^5 fr. Akv. 

4 So Bl. See ky^f» and iytipv. 

( Became be presided over streets and ways, 


6 This was first applied to laudatory speeches 
spoken at the Tar-i}7^p«s or assemblies of all 
the states of Greece. Fr. tos, iram, iroy, all* 

7 Fr. irft$ : I bring together or into one, L. 

8 So Remarks on M. where it is observed! 
that this will account for the genitive as go* 
vemed by ft^X** 

9 Fem. of ^yx^ ^» ^^"YX^* 

10 Fr. &7^, a leader: a solemn game to» 
which chieftains came from all parts, L. The 
termination in "^p implies coHcctiveness* See* 

11 Comp. < concert ' fir. < concerto** 

12 'Arrl> against. 

bite)by biting.* Vis pruritu mor- 
d a x/ Plin. 

. •A-i«X^«:*' a brother.' — Hence the 
Addphi or Brothers of Terence ; Pto- 
hmyPhil^adelphua;' * Phil-adelphia. ' ' 
So.aUotbe^^/jpAt '^ streets in London 
,: dSevKi^s:'^ not sweety bitter, d-yXev- 

"AStf : I press close, cram, satiate ; 
press together,crowd,heap up. — To &bti 
|s alUed ibw, edo ; the propier significa- 
tion of &hia is, I press, condense ; and 
of i2w, I press with the teeth, L. 

. 'A^iw, hhSi : I feed to the full, sa- 
tisfy ; please to such a degree as that 
nothing more is desired ; please, de- 
light. ^AhuK&rti p., crammed full, 
satiated. — Fr. the same root as fihia. 
Com p. the meanings of ' satis*facio' 
and 'satisfy* 

'Airjfiotfdta : I am oppressed with 
oausea arising from repletion; and, 
transferred to the mind, I am oppressed 
with heaviness resulting from the pres- 
sure of care and trouble. — Fr. d^v- 
pwr, iihiifxovos; and this fr. &irifiai 
pp. of iLbiia. '* See &b(a 

"Ahfiv : to satiety, abundantly, 
enough. — Fr. &iw ; comp. * satis' and 

• 'ASifi', ivoi, o: a thick mass of things 
heaped together ; a mass of flesh made 
up of various particles ;'' a glandule 
or .spongy part of the flesh. — Fr. &btt 
. ' "Abtis : see 'Athris 

it-biarTov :^ a plant so called be- 
cause the dew or rain does not rest 
on it, but is thrown oflT by the oily 
substance which covers it, maiden- 
hair or Venus' hair. — Fr. bebiayrat pp. 
of bialvta, I irrigate 

'Abtt^os : crammed, thick, crowded, 
much, frequent, continual. — Fr. the 
same root as &briy 

ddo-Xe^xos: one who satiates with 

» AAP 

his talk, or talks to satiety, a prattler. «- 
Fr. &b<a and Xitrxri 

ii'bpavrfs: ineflTective, weak.— Fr. 
bp6.vuf or bpalybf=bpaia, facio 

ii'bp6.irr€ia : she whom NO bad man 
can FLY from,Neraesis. — Fr.bibpatrrai^* 
pp. of bpd^btsssbpata, fugio, I fly. '^- 
drastea, eadenique inepfugibilis,' 
Apuleius. ' Ut scelere in tanto, quod 
nee sinit Adrastia, Virg. 

abpo$ : thick, plentiful, great, large, 
(as we say, thick limbs,) full-grown. — 
Fr. &5cii, as hypot fr. /tyw, L. *ASpoo 
hiQXov hbpov /ce6\ov, Prov., a great re- 
ward (is the meed) of a great contest 

*'A'bwov\ the innermost part of a 
temple which could not be entered 
except by the priests* — Fr. bkbvrai pp. 
of bv«a, 1 enter. * ^ternumque adytii 
effert penetralibus ignem,' Virg. 

"Abw : see after kbevKiis 

^b($> : for litibia 

*Abwviairfi6s : the celebration of the 
rites in honor of Adonis 

"AeOXos^ and ^ABXos : contest, com- 
bat ; labor arising from it. — H. athleta, 

"AeOXop and "^AdXov : the reward of 
the deOXos or contest 

'Ael^ and alel and aikv : ever, al- 
ways ; continually. 'O dei, with a par- 
ticiple, is applied to a person who 
at any particular time fills a perpetual 
oflice. — N. compares aye, far aye 

'Aeibta 'J I sing. — Fr. pni. &oiba, wh. 
iioibit, and (by contraction of ao into «, 
as in aya7ra;/LC€v for ayavAofxev) &ib^ 
and ^bfj, are ode, mel'Ddy, psalm-ady 

h'eiKits : unseemly, improper, unfit, 
unjust; unseemly in size, immense.-^ 
Fr. eiKto, I seem 

*Ae/|9<tf, €pS> : I raise, lift up ; lift or 
move up, as to the mouth; move» 
carry. — Ei^ kipa aepw, I will raise in 
the air 

13 Fr. a for ^Lpa, and ZtK^s, uterus. A 
uterine brother. 

. 14 Lover of his brothers ; ironically ; for he. 
killed two of them. From ^tX^* I love. 

15 The capital of Pennsylvania. The word 
implies, brotherly love ; and was well suited to 
the disposition of the colonists. 
' 16 Being built by three brothers. 

17 Perhaps fr. 8c^, p. ZiZwvKa, I bedew, L. 

18 So iKefifionf fr. 4\€4»y yofiifJMV fr. yoiu* 

19 See iedpa. 

20 ' Adiantum perfusum niersumve sicco si- 
mile est : — aquas non sentit, ut dictum est,' 


21 Antimachus gives another account : *'Earg 
94 ris N^/Accris firydKri 0tbs .... fict/ibp 94. •! 
t^aro irp&Tos "AAPHXTO^ iroT(^wio rrapk p6c9 
AMproio, "Eyda rtrlfiiiTal re iced *AAPfUSTEIA 


1 Perhaps for a-^6cXos fr. H4Xmt toIo. 
That in which we engage with a willing and ac- 
live mind. 

2 Fr. &0. The idea of breathing seems to be 
transferred to the duration of time, L. 

3 Fr. a and c2^ ; because much knowledge 
was attributed to poets, St. 



"Aw: I breathe ; I blow. — H. a^, 
der^air; &ey aiip 

£-eA\a : a whirlwiod, p roc ELLA « — 
Fr. ^AAoi,* M. See aw'tiSKiia. Hence 
j^ello^ ('Strupbadumque receptor Por-* 
tibus infidis exterruit ales Aello, Ov.) 
one of the Harpies 
. &£ima, aros^ to : that which con- 
nects ; the string of a bow. — For &fi- 
/Aa» fr. &/Lt/ioi pp. of ^Trrai, I connect 

'Acftf^ and av\(u : I augment ; aug- 
ment in honor, advance. — Hence Lat. 

"Aemos, A corrupt reading, for 
which Bi. proposes A-Xenros ; alii alia 

iiipbfip : by raising. — Fr. leprae pp. 
of decptf. See avibfiv 

aetra: I BREATHED bard like one 
tired ; being tired 1 gave myself to 
sleep. — A. 1 . ofaikt^s&u, "EyOa hk vvkt* 
aeoav^ Horn. 

aeal'il>pufv : having a mind light as 
breath. — Fr. aiw=aM, I breathe, and 
fpijy, the mind 

aeros^ and aUros: an eagle; the 
wing of a building, from its resem- 
blance to the wing of an eagle. — ^*A€roff 
hirTwv^ an eagle rushing impetuously. 
See the note. Hence the atites or eagle- 

"ASta : I breathe or blow upon ; I 
dry. — Fr. &ia. Fr. &trOriv a.l.p. of &Sitt 
is asthma 

&Sa : aridity ; dry dust, smoke, or 
soot ; dusty or sooty particles arising 
from neglect. — Fr. &kta. The analogy 
between aSut, &^a and * sitio/ * situs' is 
observable. JAkos yipoy wewaXay fxivoy 
a^^, Horn. 

^S'VX^' : ' The Grammarians ex- 
. plain this from the context, and derive 
it in various ways. In Apoll. Rh. 2. 
99,, it is, sounding drily ; and this is 
the most simple derivation [viz. d£ii», 
and 7ixost sound] ; whence dli/x^f may 
mean, sounding greatly, great, greatly,' 
Hey ne. Homer says of a brazen tunic : 
A^ t6t€ 7* aZov Aiftreyf epeuofieyos 
vepl hovpi 

4 "Hyrtp ftcXAoi xc'M^ip*^ ^i\4w<riVf Horn, 
where £. observes that the etymology is alluded 
to. So : Iffos hiKXffj , ,, ,As "Eternp, &i^ Hiu^JiV 
Uty €l\i(r(r€rOf S. 

5 Fr. i^w fut. of Hyw, I lead together, congre- 
gate, L. 

6 ' Fr. &4cr&tw, wh. iita<rt», 'A^cu, dppritrai, 
Hes. As to the impetuosity of the eagle, see 
Bochart,'S« ' AccoidUig to some, fir. dtcro-w. 

&co/uai : I reverence, venerate. — The 
^ame as ^^afo^ai, I retire* eive wily. 
From the retiring manner of one who 
reverences another 
• &$os : a servant. — Perhaps fr. dSv 
or &$ofiai. "A^os icvpioy HS/JLcyos, a 
servant reverencing his master 

'Arjhuty, oyos, // : a nightingale. — Fr; 
M ^hbf, from its constant singing, 
Fac. For iiebwy fr. ae^a>=de(5fli», £• 
Hesiod, alluding to its etymology^ 
calls it emphatically iLoiios, St. So 
Milton : ' Thee, chauntress, oft the 
woods among I woo to hear thine 
evening song ' 

"ArifAi : I breathe or blow. — Fr. &iv 
or &uf 

'Ai)p, ipos, 6 : aer, air. As a fen^i- 
nine noun, it is used for, vapor, dark 
flir, darkness. — Fr. &w 

u-}/ffvXo« : not pleasing, unpleasant, 
troublesome, oppressive. — Fr. ^ff« fat. 
of ^^1.1, 1 delight, EM.7 

ariavpos I light. — ^Ilapa rb aipi trvpetr^' 
Oa£, Suid. In ^schyl. Prom. 46l, this 
word is applied to ants, but iLel-crvpos 
is adopted by Vk. 'Magni formica 
laboris OreTRAHiT quodcumque po- 
test,' Hor. 

A'TiTos: insatiable. — Forfi-aro£ 

ii06pa and &dripa : a pap or pottage' 
of boiled meal. — Some derive it fr; 
&dilpf a beard of corn. But St. has 
this remark : ' Pliny says, it' is an 
Egyptian word. If so, it is falsely 
derived fr. &&rip»* H. the medical terms, 
atheroma, atheromatous, apphed to 
wens. ' if the matter forming wens 
resembles milk-curds, the tumor' is 
called atheroma,^ Sharp 

aQkXynt : I squeeze by sucking or 
milking, iLfiiXyia 

'Adtjp, ipos, 6: a sharp point; a 
beard of corn ; edge or point of a spear 
or sword. — Athos, the celebrated raoun* 
tain, seems to be derived from the same 
origin as iiO^p : it is 'Called by Strabo 
a very sharp mountain, S. Hence it 
was given to various mountains ^ - 

Rather fr. the Hebr. aet, a bird of prey, derived . 
fr. att to fly or rush impetuously,' Pkb. Hence, 
ivhether we choose a Greek or a Hebrew d^ri- 
▼ation, the eagle will seem to be called in Greek 
from its impetuosity. 

7 L. supposes it the same as it'davKos, ft, 
fkfrw fut. of &8« ; i. e., Very full of weariM>mc« 
Bess and satiety. 

8 L, rather differently ; « Vum« T&syQS^SkVoak 



'AOeplSu: I liespUe nnytLing hb 1 
wouJd au aOcpa or beanl of corn, aa 
Lat. docci-facio. — See aOi/p 

'AQfphTi : some fisb, translated by 
Gaza ' arisla.'— See adi'ip 

a-Bia^arvs : &o great tbat not even 
the Gods could utter it, — See fltir^a- 

'AOijva : Minerva. — ' On what ac- 
count Atheiu, 'ABijyai, acquired its 
name, is not certain ; the most proba- 
ble is, that it was so named in respect 
to Minerva, who was esteemed its pro- 
tectress,' £B. 

'A6})p: see after aQi\yu} 
^AOkot and 'A9\ai' : see ^eOXdi and 

'AdXios; engaged in struggles and 
labors; opprejted by labors, wretched, 
—Fr. iBXos 

aBpiu: I look iulo or about; con- 
sider. — -'AOpiaiv TToWa j.(ii adpia.^ 'O 
&v6punros SiOpiairot thvofiaadrj, ay-adpiav 
& on-uxe, Plato 

adpuot: THRONGED, crowded; and, 
transferred lo time, perpetual, without 
intermission. — See aOpiu. Dm. derives 
it fr. OpCos, a tumultuous clamor 

aOvpui : 1 play. — Haihtt advpovTES 
rpo Oirpaiuv, boys playing before llie 
doors. St. ludicrously derites it fr. a 
and 6vpa, because boys play not in, 
but out of doors. L. derives it fr. 
£9u> : ' It is the custom for boys wlieii 
playing, to pile up their playthings 
witli great eagerness into one heap.' '° 
See the note on aBlip 

At, and at al : ah, alas 

aj : the Doric form of ei 

ata : for yaia 

AlaSbi : 1 cry ai, I lament 

Alavijt : mournful, grievous. Fr. 
oi. It is sometimes Iransbted, eternal. 
If rightly, it may in this sense be allied 



^1, Aristoph. 
AU, gen. al 

h and if. a goat. 

t Ail- 

Generally, any thing which leaps, 
bounds, or rushes with impetuosity. — 
Fr. a}[fli. pp. of uinaia. tlente the 
agii" of Jove ; aud JEgow, a goat- 
herd in Virgil : ' Nuper niihi tradidit 

Aiaabi, tfii ; and a'iaau : 1 impel 
myself quickly or impetuously, lush, 
spring, bound. — See oif above 

Aiyavia : a dart, javelin. — Hes. de- 
rives it fr. tiiX, aiyoi, a goat; from 
its thong or strap being made of goats' 
hides. Others from its being used 
originally for catching goats, St. But 
L. derives it fr. aii,, alybi, under its 
general notion of anything rushing 
with impetuosity 

a'iyeipos, i/ : a poplar. — The Schol, 
on Homer derives it fr. aydpu^iyti- 
pu,'* I elevate; perhaps because Ho- 
mer calls it long, (Olb rt -pZWa fi a- 
Ktiyf/s a'lyelpow), Sk Perhaps fr. 
fytlpu, I bring together/ For men in 
the first ages assembled under pop- 
lars and such trees, to converse toge- 
ther, L. 

Aiyi-aXut : a shore. — For ayi-oKot, 
fr. &yia, I break, and a\i, &\6s, sat, 
salig. Dm. From aU,, alytit, rushing 
impetuously, and aX*, L, 

AlyU. iini, )): a siorm.—Fr. at£. 
alyos, anything impetuous. On this 
passage in Virgil, ' Credunt se vidisse 
Jovem, ci)m scepc nigrantcm JEgida 
conculerel dcKlrd uimbosque cieret,' 
Fac. observes : ' jEgida we ought not 
here to understand of the shield of 
Jove, but a storm' 

Alyia^: I tear or rend as by a 
violent storm. — Fr. alyis 

aiyi~Ba\6s : a bird called the goal- 
sucker.'^— Fr. the same root as 0j)\d- 

" Aiyiflos : a very little bird known 
lo us only by its name, Fac. 

alyi-Xi^, uBi : high, applied to a 
rock which even the goatg leave 
unclimbed. — Fr. aii, alyot, and At- 
rov, a. 2- of XtiTTu 

were BQcienlt; CBll«d b; the ni 
petbipafrom IbeJdea of i heap or 
Q L. belierci J 

,d aBpias lo hata the 
Hmr origin : - i^ui miem uculuruni inlendBl ad 
reiDni copUm, in unum congeitani, ipiicUn- 
darn et consideiandRn>.' S. ilcriTes iBpia It, 
Mm, inmdo, ic. oculos. See iSiip. 
lOSoIludsugaiioeiplainiil: 'luiito utpn. 


et CDDSlruentes.' 

a of U 


la Compnre ftyp-inrnii. 

13 Scopoli seems to credit the report of id 
Bucking ihe teals of goits; an error deliveteil 
down from the diiji of Arislolle, EB. 

14 ButL. deiiiei it b. ftU\H ; » bird which 

Air f 

AtyAof : a pbiU of which goats 
are fond.-^Fr. el!{» aly^f 

ply^-f^j «#irocy 6 : a disease of the 
BTX to which GOATS are subject. 
AiKl«apl»nt socalled» from its su|>- 
posed f irtuei against it. * JEgiltpas 
saoat berba eodem Qomine/ Piiay.-^ 
Fr. a?£ and &\p 

9Llyi'Wupo$ I a plant, called goat- 
eoru.-^Fr* alf, and «irf>of. Perhaps, 
says St»9 frooi goats being fond of it, 
like ciyiXos 

Aiyir, ihwi 4 : an 4Bg%9 ojr shield.— - 
See aU 

AiyU: a alorni. See before ol- 

AiyXj}: brightness, splendor. — For 
^yXif, wh« hyXcuk. ' Tim id is que su- 
peryenit Mgle^ ^^^^ Naiadum pui<- 
cbenrime,' Virg. 

alyyw^i an animal between an 
eagle (aicros) and a vulture (yt^i^, yu« 
Tos). Perhaps pat for tdem^yvwtjU.^^ 
Alywui yvwi$ re, Nicapder 

*Atins, oibfis, 4^ffi I Orctts, death. 
— *And thou ehalt see thy sons in 
crowds to HadiM hurled,' Byron. 
Soma dertte it fr. a and iSov a. 2. of 
€i2*i, video^ A place where is no 
seeing. Usher supposes it called from 
its being removed from the sight of 
man^ L. fr. &Vs, ^ih» 

'Al&of: eternal. — For Mhi»$, fr. 
kalf as * sevpifernas * fr. * seaiper ' 

*Ai2wf«vs : PlutOt-'Fr. athn^ or die, 

modesty, shame, reverence, fear.'^-^ 
For &-it^s U, a and tSpy, vidi; for 
jMNdealy and shaane compel us to 
avert the eyo '^ 

Aiiifkit Mv : pudeiMla, partes quas 
pudar aos tegere jubet. Ab alies 

Alet and ^iv: aee &£l 

Aieroi : see &€t6s 

<u^6s mfA &-Sfi6f : a young n^^. 
—rFu Sk^t Icrveo. Fervens juventA 

M9^: I <Mtrn, glow with heat. — 
H. Mthi'opei, the JEtkiopians '^ 

I Aie 

AlBakii: soot arising from burning; 
burnt-coal, cinders. — Fr. aWv 

aide for cede 

Aldfipf ipos, and 4 : a shining air, 
bright sky. — Fr. at6W, I glow, ¥m 
bright. * Aspice hoe sublime candens, 
quod vocant omnes coslum,' Ennins. 
H. athetf tethra 

ai&ovtra : an open gallery or por- 
tico, a portico in the open air. — Fem. 
of aiOuy, Exposed to the heat of the 
sua.'c "Ifccro aiX^r AlBoOtrfisrtBhpatf 

AJQpa : a serene sky ; serene wea- 
ther. — Fr. alOi)p, Bipot^ Bpds. * Nee 
lucidus ^tkrd Sidere^ polus,' Virg. 

alBfum : heat. — Fr. aifOm. A%$p^ koI 
Kafi&Tf beh/ififiiyov, Hom.^ 

Aimtia : a sea-gull. — From its dusky 
hue. So Lat. ' fulica ' from * fuligo/ 
J. It seems to be a participial fr. aWufs 
fr. ofdw (wh. alOdXif, burnt coal), like 

AiOw : See before aWaXn 

al*icaXXi# : I say pretty things to, 
or behave in a pretty manner to, I 
fawn, flatter. — Fr. ic&Kkog, ' Quia as- 
sentatores Pulchr^ et Bell^ in ore ha- 
bere soleant,' St.* 

'AVm) : impetuosity. — Fr. HtKa p. of 
6.ivf wh. atererw 

aials: unseemly, improper. — For 

aUla: unseemly treatment, indigo 
nity.-r— See above 

Slikvov, aiKV09f^ &Vi:Xov, * olicXdy : 

* That, which is catted oTicXey by the 
Lacedaemonians, is called h^1wv6v by 
the othejr Dorians,' Athenseus. — Pos- 
sibly fr. a (or ^fi«, and iK^im; as 

* coBtus ' fr. ' coeo * 

A\'\tvov : a mournAil strain^ origi- 
nally in lamentation of lAnuB. — Fr. 
at, ah, and A/vm 

aik'ovpos and aliX^ovpos : a cat.— 
Generally d^ ived fr. &Xto, iXtt, a*iXuf, 
■aUXm, I move or turn, and oltpa, a 
tail. As if however, says Fac*a cats 
alone moved or turned their tflHls 

thrives or rejoices in storms. 

15 Comp. aiw6\os for tdy0'ir6Xos» 

16 AlsA, the pudenda. 

17 &ra Uvatrtu irphs V Anw-jBA^etv ; Ari- 
tteph. Compare KatBp^ and pw^os. L. sappo* 
4et it p«t for i$05 #. Mhf : ' it seems to have 
properly denoted the blood crowded in the 
fMse ; and tfaenee Ihe Yisiiig blnsh, the mafk of 
modesty.' ^ 

18 Men of a burnt face. ^O^, M^s, a f^ce, 
fr. i^ruCziwTw wh. 6wrofAm» 

19 Compare ^^\i/da* 

90 Sq Herod. : rerpvfUpoi rdKaiwrnphftrl re 
Kflti IffeKt^, SoBie translate tUdpos, morning 

1 Cas. refers it to xdAXoia, as properly ^aid 
of a cock shalung it? g|ills. 
S So pkpov and Xhftoy, 

AIM 10 

A'^n,'oT-oi; blood; offspring, race ; 
effusion of blood, slaii^'hler. 'Tlie juice 
of the grapes of Pnlesline, for tlie wine 
there is red like blood.' Kiel.— H. ol- 
fw-ppayia, hemorrhage ;* and ai/ia- 
^potbet,' hemorrhoids, emerods or piles 

Ai/iaata: a hedge. ^ Properly of 
sharp thorns, producing blood. Fr. 

aifiiXot : knoning, arch, sly ; de- 
ceptive. — !t seems formed fr. aT/iuv, 
haowing. It is used in a fond man- 
ner; as olher diminutives in vXns, as 
'ulus'iu 'parvulus,' &c., Bl." Bui L. 
derives it fr. uT^a.^ Une whn possesses 
the natural vi^r of the blood, lively 

Atixav : given to shed blood. ^Fr. 

ai/iwi- or ai'^iui' : learned, skilled. — 
For W/iiuij',' fr. iihai/iai pp. of Saiw 

AiW<rrro/iai : I speak darkly, hint 
obscurely. — Fr. oIpos. From pp. a'l- 
Fiyfiai is enigma 

"A'ii, Siios: darkness; adarkp1ac«, 
hell, Orcus. — Fr. 610, wh. ai/p, whith 
is used of a dark air, L. See Mb^s 

AIvoi: a dark word or saying, an 
enigma ; a fable like those of £sop ; 
a proverb.— For fiiVot fr. SU, L. See 


aJyot : a saying or speech simply; 
a laudatory speech ; praise ; approval, 
assent ; persuasion. — 'n btivir almi' 
alviaas, ri ^51 wori ;' Soph. 

Aivoc: infernal, liorrible, dreadful. 
—For &WB! fr. a,j, L. 

Alvdt : obscure. — See Alvos 

atw/iai: I lift or take up; lake ; 
obtain. — For oipiu^at fr. njp«, Dm. 
For &wfiai fr. ayu, 1 take from above, 

A« : See after al/ioi 

'Ai^aaKiu : I make repeated springs. 


Ailbiveiiopai: I calumniate. — From 
the Mxones, the inhabitants of a dis- 
trict of the tribe Cecropis, famous for 
their calumnies. Hence says Ladles, 
an .Ionian, in Plato : * I will say 
nothing to these things, tbo' I am able 
to do so ; lest you should say, I am in 
truth ^n ^rontan' 

Ai-o\oi: for d-iiXot fr. dXw, TdXpti, 
vohso. Very voluble or versatile ; and 
hence, cunning, prudent ; manifold, 
various. Hence the wind is said to 
be al-u\o$, and the God of the winds 
is callei! Molus. • JEolui.' saya D., 
' was so called on account of the MU- 
TABLE nature of the winds.' And, 
as 'varius' in respect of the many 
kinds of color is used for, variegatus ; 

aiovdui : [ sprinkle, pour over, as 
the waves the shore. — Fr. iiiiir (gen. 

nl-roKuf, a goat-herd. — For aiyn- 
■xuKos, fr. aif, aiybs, and iroX^br. tovt 
h', &ijt' fii-TdXtct rXare' aiyai* ni-nlXoi 
6.vhpec, ''Sis Toui Siytftivts bfetiafieov 
ecflo Ka'i euOa," Horn. 

AiirAs : springing impetuously, ra- 
pid, overthrowing; high; deep, like 
' altuB,' from the altitude of the water. 
—The root is obscure, unless it is 

I leap up. From this there is an easy 
transition to things which rise by 
their tops on high, L. Ti alwia'AX- 
irio, the high Alps 

Aip^iti, ^iTu and iiau ; I take, seize ; 




the act ; < 
conquer; lake away by death, kill. 
Takeonelhingout of many, prefer. — 
H, in grammar apk-teresis : ' Prosthe- 
sis apponit capiti, sed aph-isresig au- 
FERT.' Also alpeau, heresy" 

. TIteancicuti, iflhejverir igno- 
m bursting of bluod. Fr. f^ayov 

rfiSiB fur A.ffl«j. Bui 

tbe lapinie BOTnewbnt 
lei the noie un aPfis, 
t peisUBded me wM> a 
.bat wiJt thou jrX 

>. a. Df^™. 


5 Fr. i/il,ou. pm. of ^A.. I flow. A s«dlil.g 

10 'E^ KoSap^ Sfli «i/mT' iif ijiivo, KKi^^- 

of Ihe parti affected, attended witli a Bowing 

ffmv, Horn. 

of blood. 

11 As loep, wtio ate emjilojed about goal!, 

6 Who add] x • And in (nmrlu, wbicii U 

armnge Ibe wide berdi, mi Ilie leaders arranged 

nolhinji; elic bnt oJfulAo!.' But Ibew ha.a Utile 

these in Ihii place and in that. 

conneiioti in poinl of meaning. See fijuAAa. 

12 So wtwra and nitatt, tiirru and Afffiru, 

7 So Dm. : ■ Qui wnfininen, blande 

el II langiiioe amorii affectu el dcsidmoniotu 



IS A CHOICE of opinions eontrarj- lo ibose 

SBDchiillMenKndide*. SatOarorTn's; 

AIP 11 

Acpwy fnu iipti : I raise up, fake up; 
take IB my hand, lay hold of, obtain ; 
tak« in hand, undertake, as a war or 
expedition ; take away ; take out of 
the way, kill; raise the anchor, set 
sail ; raise the camp, march, travel ; 
raise in importance. — Fr. &c/|9w, St. 
Compare alpiut 

Aipa : a mallet, axe. — Fr. aifiti. 
That which is raised by the hand 
of the feller^ to inflict hard blows, S.'^ 

Acpa : darnel, tares. — Fr. aipof . That 
which is wont to be taken away, S. 

"A'ipos, Homer has ^Ipos A'ipos, 
Irus the miserable Irus, A here is, 
steely, hardly, with difficulty 

"Am : See before AIi^os 

almi : an equal lot or measure ; 
a just or proper portion; suitableness, 
propriety; lot, portion, fate. — For 
&-iffa, fr. ^oof. An equal (portion), S. 
"Ejcrop, hrei fie. car* aliray iveUeaas, 
o^*vir^ alaavp^^ Horn. 

miad&yofiat : 1 perceive with any of 
my senses ; I perceive with my mind, 
understand. — Fr. aiffOriy a. 1. p. of aw 

'Aifffdfn: I breathe out, as my breath 
or life, answering to the Lat. 'exspiro,' 
I exfHre. — ^Fr. &ta6riy a. 1 . p« of awssAbt 
ahiftSti : I spend according to 
my portion, pi^perty, or propriety* 
Hence iiy-awtfiimt I spend that which 
is inconsistent with my portion, pro- 
perty, or propriety. — ^Fr. cun/ios fr. 
almty as SkKifios fr. itkic^ 

AlflwXiyxcos: JSsculaphu 

'A&tf'ffw : See before alyavia 

A^'iarosi unknown; removed from 
eor knowledge, vanished. — See len-up 

k'lfn^ : I cause to vanish or dis- 
appear. — Fr. H-'ioTos 

alcwiTi^ : one who distributes just- 
ly according to each man's due por- 
tion ; a justice ; a governor or prince. 
— Fr. aiav€M ft, claa 

aiavXoi :'^. harmful, oppressive, d^- 

alcvfirtpiip and -i}s: the same as 

14 Though I do not disallow that the root is 
dijfNv, I determine nothing, L. 

15 Hector, since yoa have reproved me in a 
JQSt measure, and not beyond the just measure, 


16 Dm. supposes it put for txitrS-inXos, fr. 
tHira and ovXAm, One who spoils the portion 
of another. This is opposed by the long vowel 
in the initial syllable of <rv\dM. 

17 < Clodii furores, quoi> nuUis jam Icgibus 


aitrmfriip, — Fr. oltrv/jLOs fr. alva 

aiayivii : a shame for the shameless 
conduct either of our own or of others; 
shame, modesty. Shamelessiiess, base- 
ness.-— See aJoyps 

al^xof, eoc: shamelessness, base- 
ness. — Possibly for A'taxos, fr. (flr^w. 
A course of conduct restraimbd 
by NO rules of decorum or law.'' Dm. 
ludicrously derives it fr. at, a cry of 
indignation, and ex, a cry of aver- 
sion. Hence alff^pos, shameless. ToU 
alaxpois aiaxvveaOai, Aristoph., to be 
ashamed of the shameless. "E^/?*, at* 
ffypo'woikf Eurip. Perish, thou doer of 
base actions 

Alrikf : I beg ; request ; demand. 
— Perhaps for iL-'iTiw, fr, <lnjs derived 
fr. "irai pp. of taf^lar, eo. Eo vel ito 
undique ; I go about every where to 

*A'trris : one who accompanies his 
lover and does not depart frx>m his 
side, Em. — ^Fr. a, together; and lup. 
See alriio 

airios: one who causes or is the 
author of a friult ; one who is to be 
blamed or is charged with blame. — 
Ovri fioi alriri iaaip deal vh fioi atrwl 
dm,'^ Horn. 

alrla : Uame ; suspicion of blame, 
accusation, causa ; enquiry into the 
causes or grounds of suspicion ; cause, 
reason. — See ainos 

alfvos:*^ sudden. — *£(-ci/^nyf &- 
0ai^s, having vanished of a sudden 

Alxfu): the point of a spear; a 
spear ; arms ; war ; courage in war. 
— For Axft^ fr. &xf^ai pp. of dim, 
acuOp L. Some derive it fr. olxfiac pp. 
of alffimssiciaafa 

AJ\Im: rapidly. — Fr. al^pat pp. of 
cu(iiTf#=airrw=aifflr0«#. With the rapi- 
dity of one rushing' 

Aca> and &iv: Fr. &ta. Like &«», 
it means, I breathe, I breathe out. 
From the breath of the mouth it is 
transferred to the animal life, and to 

frffinare poteramus,' Cic. 

18 Bn 8* tfi^r alr^i<rmy M4^ta tpiira Iko- 
oTov, UApTo<r€ xtip* opiyotVy Horn. Compare 
tiUn^s fr. ticofiai. 

19 Vou are not the cause to me, the Gods 
are the cause to me (of tliis fault). 

20 Some derive it fr. ft-^covs. See i^carbfiis* 
X See otir^s. Some suppose it put for lhf«, 

and derive it fr. &^t pp. of Awrw, like itpap. 


Am I J 

9 uf ihcaiitmul lioily, of hetiT' 
ing, teeing; and tlieace to the mJDd, 
ill the seose of, 1 uudersUnd, L. Com- 
pare 'aoiiiia,' breath, and ' animus' 

Aiiiv, &foi, ii : an accumulation of 
intervals of lime; age of man; an 
age. — Words in a>v mark coileclive- 
neai. Like aki it comes fr. £u> ; and 
makes » similar transition from breath- 
ing to lime. Fr. aiiii/ or qiFmi' i« Lai. 
teeum, L. Eii row aliivas T&r aliivuy^ 
NT., tu [he ages of ages ; for ever'' 

aiuic, 4 : life. It is iiimetimes trans- 
lated, the mirron of the back. Some 
tinrieriiland it so in the Homerii: ex- 
pres^ion, ^iX^s aiiDioi aficp9f 

Aiaipiui : 1 raise up, hang up, sus- 
pend.— Probably fr. a'ipu. St.' To 
a'iupoi, elevated, is allied eaipoi, wb. 
fi(T-iaipos and meteor 

ica or aK^ : for axp, which Pauw 
substitutes.— See ae^v 

'Axairiiila : from Acadmtas of A- 
thensi, whose house was turned into b 
sclionl, where Plalo tanght hii phi- 
losophy. ' See there llie olive grove 
of Acadtme, Plato's retirement," Mil- 
ton, H. acadrmy 

'Atcii : a »harp point or edge ; point , 
ejitremitj. — Fr. fiim, wb. ectit, acao, 
acnttu, oeiei, aeuUut, acme 

'AniSia, ate : 1 sharpen or point, — 
See above 

"Aicatra : a goad ; a she|)herd's 
crook with u sharp poiut ; a measure 
rod,— Fr. dr^ 

QKoXai^ic, ibot,ii: carduelis, a lin- 
net or some luch bird; a thistle, car- 
duua. — ' Litloraque haleyonera reao- 
nani, acalanthida dumi,' Virg. Some 
Ms9,, says Fac, read ' et acanlhida,' 
but in the same sense. See anavQle 

<icaXij^it: a nettle ; the nettle-tish. 
— Fr. ri /iq f-j(ttv KoM" A?S»i from 'Is 
not haviug a good touch, St. 

" AKtir, avos, ii • a thorn, thislle. — 
Fr. Arai™ ful. of iBaini. fr. fioo 

'AicatSa: a thorn or thorny plant, 
spina; the spine of the back,— Fr. 


SmavBai pp. of AKo/vuisanu ^ 

'Ak-o^eii, (Sot, ;, : a Tery small bint 
of a shrill note, living among thorns 
and thistles. Some think it the same 
aa the linnet, olhers the goldfinch; 
but it is difficult to determine in so 
obscure a matter, Fac— Fr. 5e<iv8o 

'Ai-ai'to: a shrub. ' On either 
side Acanthus and each odorous bushy 
shrub Fenc'd up the verdant wall,' 
Milton.- Fr. armOa, from its being 
full of thorns 

aKay6v\Kii : the same as di;a\avdi> 
and dKavdiE 

A-i:npr)s : so small that it cannot be 
cut.— Fr. eicapov a. 2. of ifipiu. Comp. 
tt'tam fr. i-Ero/ja pm. of rcfiru 

aKaaxalos: soft, gentle.- - The root 
seems to be &i.-ri, silence, Bl. See 

'Aia-ns : a boat, — For aerot fr. 
axTai pp. of fiyw. Dm. So Lat. oc- 
tuaria navis. L. derives il with more 
analogy fr. airarai pp. of di.-aw, wh. 
" rhaps from its point- 

ed prow' 


atiu, : I a 

; pointed.— Part. pp. of 

r silent. 

3 L. deriv« it fr. otopii, ivhich lie derivcB 
U' old and ttpat, (as in 9opiipbt, tec.) and top-. 
poms lo rueui one, who, suiii«nded liigh io 

vrlj by Ihc sliore of ihfin mnlit , 

—See ciKiiv. Bq 6' &Keaiv -x-apix t 
■>ro\v-(^\ola^oio flaXiiffCTjjt,* Horn, 

'A<c>) : See before di.d<=u 

'AKeoTpo : a needle, — Fr. RKtarai 
pp. at aiciu= &Kia, wh. acug 

'Ak^v I in a painful, melancholy, 
pensive, slow, or silent manner. — 
For KaT ixK^v, puncto sc. doloris, 
with pungent grief. ' 'Anq, silence in- 
duced by grief at receiving neglect or 
insult,' TH. 

u-Ki7paroi ; unhurt. — Fr. tr^p, harm, 
wh, Kiipoii* : not fr. atpAia, as the in- 
terpreters think, Bl. 

nKiSifli:' vile, common, mean. — Icio 

?rcpi-0p(uv OijveXiijreia SJbas AK(Si<or^f)i7 
fiiyfOui T ci( SiTO iiiadat, 'H fify yap 
j3por6s euTi, cu 8' a-Bayaros icai d-y//- 
p«i,* Horn. Ot'Sii' eunbroTtpor yala 
T-p^et drOpuiirDiD,' Id. 

tbe much -resounding mb. 

6 For ahcitis fr. tuKlfw, as xiuJ**! fr. 
rufid, Dm. 

6 The very ptudenl Penelupe is more com- 
man than Jou lo look at in lurm and ttgiurr ; 
for she is a mortal, hut ymi aie immurlal and 

J The earlU nuuriihcs nothing rouie abject 


^AKivaKTis: a scimitar. — * Vino et 
lucrerDtt Medus 4emaces Imnume quan- 
tum discrepat/ lior. 

4-fft#ff: not worm*«eten« not in de- 
cay. — ^Fr. «2f| ri^s. Ad^i^Ts rii2 urc* 
\his 4-flct^iraroi lorr o-)3o^«»' Hesiod 

'Accsy Ihot^ ^\ a sharp point or edge. 

*'AiripM: idle 

&s0^^fiai : I fleem not to wbh to 
accept wbat jet I much desire. — From 
a woman named Aeco^ noted for her 
senselessness. ' Quid enim &i:ci£o* 
ItxBa tamdiu V Cic. AajSe, Xa/Se^ toy 
aKKur/i^ 4^eXov«n,^ Philostr. 

*AK/i^ : a point or edge ; point of 
a spear; point of the moment, the 
very nick of time ; time ; oppcnrtu- 
nity ; the highest point, height, per- 
fection, maturity, acme; the extremity 
of distress or famine* 'Ajc/ki^v, up to 
this very pmnt, even now, still. — Fr« 
AKfjtai pp. of &<«#, aeuo 

&'Kp^ I unwearied . — For d-K-ayu^t 
fr. iKofun^ a. 2* of tcd/ivfii 

Hicfiwy, orot, 6 : an anvil. — For d- 
'KAfjMy, that at which much labor is 
used; or that which is unwearied 
with blows. Dm. '£v h' Ber* dic/iio-0^- 
T^ ftiyap Hc/Hova,'^ Horn. ' Brontesque 
Steropesque et nudus membra Pyt" 

«<NMfMN|," Virg. 

4l-ffyi}0rcs, ci^r, 4: the spine of the 
back.— Fr. iKvrioTai pp. of icv^^. Be- 
cause, says St., brutes cannot scratch 
it ; it being properly applied to them 

dnrdXatfrof : acting with im-punity, 
liceDtious«-'---Fr. KexdXatnai pp. of ko- 

6-iosXot : a mere mouthful, a bit of 
bread. — Fr. «i, scarcely, and cdXoi^, 
food* AItISm^ d*rdXot», Horn, beg- 
ging for morsels 

iL'KSKiovdog I a follower or attendant. 
— Fr. KoXkf, [Lat. colo; wh. colo is 
primarily, sequor, obsequor, TH.] or 
it. h6Xo^o$ alUed to KiXevOos, L. Hence 
an oeohfte^ aeoiythcy or acohthist, 
an inferior minister in the Catholic 

*Atcoril : that which has the power 


of sharpening, a fihetttone.«->Fir. Hgmp 
ft, dew, acuo 

*Ak6vitop : hemlock. -— * No poi-* 
s*nous eeonite is here prodac'd ; Off 
grows unknown, or ia» when kaowo^ 
iefus*d,' Dryden 

iiKdyTtjor : a dart.— Dimin. of dk-mw, 

d£Of,** eon cure, remedy.— !' Aiwa 
axt*^» cures for griefs. Hence pam* 
acea,^^ a universal cure : ' odoriferam 
pan'oceam,* Virg. 

'Aimorii : a thing pointed ; barley or 
other com. — Fr. dxomai pp^ of dccWi 

'AcoiJcii, 9ti : I listen to, hear.-— 
The same as Lat. acuo sc. aures ; I 
sharpen or point my ears, make them 
acute, '£t aures Capripedum Satyro^ 
rum acutaSf' Hor. 

"Acpos : pointed, rising to a point, 
as applied to mountains. Hence it it 
applied to the extreme point, extre- 
mity, or eminence. — Fr. drw,'^ acuo* 
Hence the Acro-polis, (fr. v^s, a 
city,) or highest part of the city of 
Athens. The Acro-ceraunia of Ho* 
race are called by Virgil ' alta Ce* 
raunia ' 

"Aicpa : the extreme point ; citadel ; 
promontory. — Fern, of Axpos, Hence 
Sicily was called Trin-acria from its 
three promontories 

a-Kpai'tpyiji: shining purely; orbav* 
ing a pure appearance. — For dnc^au)- 
'favris, fr, Kepaa and i^aror a. 2. of 

a-Kpaala : in-temperance. — For dt 
Ktfkaoia, fr, K&dpaoai pp. of Kepdw, I 
mix or temper 

&-KpaTos : properiy said of wine UU'^ 
mixed with water, and therefore hot, 
fervid, Bl. Unmixed, in other sen-* 
ses. — For d*K^arot, fr. KCKiparai pp, 
of Mpd«#, I mix 

iL-'xpari^ofiai : I take bits soaked in 
nntempered wine. This was done in 
the early part of the morning, to stay 
the stomach, till the Apiorov was ready. 
— Fr. d-rporos 

d-jrpdrioros : fr. d-iepdrc(n'ai p. of 

8 Very sound ploogh-poles of laurel and 

9 Take, take, removing 3'our iucKifffjL6s* 

10 And he placed a great anvil on the block. 

11 From wvp, fire. 

12 Fr. dxw, acn pungo, I prick or patch up 

with a needle or any octiie instrument. For 
the medical art was anciently chiefly employed 
about curing wounds, or was almost entirely 
surgical, L. 

13 Fr. irav; neuter otiras, universal. 

14 Comp. &7p^sand aSp6s* 



a-KpaTiSoiiai- Hence lliis word should 
mean, one who has brcakfusled ; it 
cannot mean, one who has not bienk- 
fasted. Yet a-KpaTurroy is understood 
in Ibis latter sense in Tbeocr. 1,51: 
where some learned men properly 
read iy-apim-ov or 't-6pi/TToy 

'Ai;piiiaiv, ofoi, 6 : a large bough, 
having many sprouts growing from 
its SURFACE. — ■ Fr. firpoi. Temiinii- 
tions in uv denote collectiveness. S«e 

itpi^^i : well explored, exact, ac- 
curate, certain. — Vr. nrpij3u=dj.-p/Sw 
fr. &i:pos, L,, One who goes from tbe 
bottom to the height of an argument. 
Kptvuy ai:pi(is,s, judging accuralelj 

'AkpJi, iSni, ft : a locust.^ — Fr. Sirprji, 
from its eating ihe lops of plants and 
ears of corn. The Acrido-phagi " 
were an Ethiopian uaiion who are r«- 
porled to have fed on locusts 

'Aicpii, (DC, 4 : the sumuiit of a 
mountain. — Fr. &<!pos 

*Airpodo/i(ii: I listen to, hear; learn. 
— Fr. fiicpOB. I. e. I raise my ears on 
high, I hear with ears erect. '£ri- 
GITE nieutes auhesquE vestras, et 
medicentem ATTENiiiTE,'Cic. Com- 
pare iroiui. ' We lead no acroamaCic 
lectures,' Hales 

aKpo-Pvareia :'^ See the note 

uKpo-Xivioy or -Xlriov :" Ihe rim or 
horder of a net.— Fr. Myoy 

'Airpoi : see after Akouu 

AxTaiyu and -veai : I raise, lift up. 
— 'lit fi-^Te auitcly fii]Tt fi OLKTaiyetv 
^aaiv," ^sch. 

'Akti; : ground oroken by the waves, 
a shore ; corn broken bv a stone or 
by a mill. — Sec fiyw, I break 

'Ain-aSa : ' What do the multitude 
mean,' says Plutarch, 'when at the 
lime, that they invite one another to 
fare pleasantly, they aay, 'AnTaaafi^v 
to day t Do not they mean that a 
dinner (imp' ivry) near the shore is tlie 
pleasantest kind of dinner, as is in- 
deed the easel' 

'AkTir, ivoi, f/ : a refracted ray of 
the sun; a ray of lightning, — Fr. fitroi 

15 Fiom ^irrai, I eal. 

10 Non SQm tircunidsus. A pi^varai pp. 
VEibi $l^ai vet pim, claudo. I. e. nUeiDBm pe- 
nis pBrlem cIausbid et Icctam hnheo. 

IT ' Si. fulstfy writaJ il htpu^iymv ; which 

+ AKT 

pp. of &yu, frango 

'AKTbip, opos : a leader. — Fr. Jlrnii 
pp. of dyu, 1 lead 

a-KiiOiis : a female who does not 
conceive, barren. — Fr. leoQov a. '2, of 
KeiBa, I couceal. One who does not 
conceal or hide ihefietus in ibenonib. 
Some derive it fr. kuu 

'AtuXoc acorn of the holm-oak. — 
In Saxon acts tbe oak; &li. acorn, T. 

'Ajlw : an obsolete verb,— See d«^ 

'AtuK^: a point, spike,^ — Fr. asm, 
as hyayii fr. Hym 

"Axbiv, and ncuus, ovroi, b: the point 
of a dart.— Fr. &kw. Pointing; or 
making a puncture 

uKiiiy. unwilling. — Vox a-iKuv, Sfe 

iXn/3-dpj[l' or apali-ap^jjs : a kind 
of governor. — 'Inter quas ausus ha- 
bere Nescio qiiis titulos ^gyplius 
aut Alabarches,' Juv. Those, who 
read here Arab-arches, suppose it to 
mean, a governor of the Arabs, aud 
to be used by way of contempt 

'AXd/Sairrpoc and aXa^aerov : BD 

alabaster stone ; a vessel of ointment 
made of this stone, or of any other. 
— Fr. a and \ajii) ; that wbicb has 
no handle; and hence a kind of oint- 
ment vessel is so called, L. But Me- 
Ihodius explains it, as that which 
from its smoothness cannot be laid 
hold of 

AKaiuy. one who deceives or as- 
sumes more to himself than really be- 
longs to bim ; arrogant, ostentatious ; 
sophistical. — Fr. a and \diiu=\aSo' 
fiai. One who assumes too much, 
L. Fac. Froni &\tt, wandering of the 
miud, delirium, is a\&£w, I deceive, 
& Akaiuir, a deceiver, Bl. 

'AXaXn and d^a^l/ : a huzza before 
bailie; a joyful exclamation. — Fr. Ihe 

'AXwand aXu, obsolete verbs. 'There 
are three kindred words, Irom which 
a great number of others havetprun^, 
nXiii, IXw, oku. They imply a rolling 
or revolving motion,' L. — From. a\m, 
or dXbi, is halo, » circle round the sun 

'. 'Alpil- 




or mooii* Fr. oXf# is .£ol. foXfm, Lat. 
voho ; and fr. oXXw is olla, a round 

*'A\ri : a rolling, tossing, or roving 
to and fro; a wandering of mind. — 
Fr. &kia, * Qui miser in campis mce- 
rens brrabat Aleis,' Cic.'^ * Dis- 
mounted on the Aleian field 1 fall. 
Erroneous there to wander/ Mil- 

'AXaofiai: I am tossed or rolled 
about ; I rove, wander, or totter : I 
wander in mind, rave. — Fr. aXi; 

&'\a6s : blind ; or of obscure sight. 
— Fr. Xaw, I see, L. Some derive it 
from iiXoM, 1 wander 

dXaira^ai : See XaxciSw 

&\as, aros: salt. — See &Xc, &k6s 

"AXacTosi Fr. &X17, error or wan- 
dering of mind, is A\d8w, I deceive ; 
aXaaTtfp^ one who leads into pernicious 
error ; akatrros, one who is led into 
pernicious error, and also, pernicious, 
Bl. This word is usually brought fr. 
a and XiKaarai pp. of Xa^, I forget ; 
and is understood to mean, who can- 
not be forgotten, one who has per- 
petrated such base actions as cannot 
be forgotten. See iLkatrritj 

*Akaar4kf. If we follow Bl. in &Ka' 
aros, we shall translate this word, 1 
am grieved at destructive and perni- 
cious actions. The usual interpreta- 
tion is, I cannot forget, I am bitterly 
grieved or vexed at things which can 
not be forgotten 

*AX&aTW(i : a pernicious fiend, an 
evil spirit or genius. — See &\aaTos 

"AXyot, €ot: grief, pain, affliction; 
— See &Kiym* " AXyiarov aXyeiv 6Xyos, 
gravissimo dolere dolore. Fr. iLXyiu) 
is probably Lat. algeo» In the cor- 
ruption of the language, the idea of 
general pain expressed by a\yiu> seems 
to have been sunk into that particular 
pain resulting from extreme cold ex- 
pressed by algeo 

"AXScrf & iiXbiti : I cause to grow, 
nourish, invigorate. — Fr. iiX«,*° L. 
Thb is the Latin ah.* "AXiw is also 

allied to &X0«a, S. 

aXia :* the heat of the sun. "EXii* 
^Xiov aXia, Suid. — Fr. dXcor, which 
hardly differs from &Xtos, the Doric 
pronunciation of ijXios, L. 

iiXia: Minerva. — Pausanias con- 
stantly calls Minerva *AX^a, and re- 
fers it to king Aleus, forgetting that 
passage of Homer, 'AXX* 6 /u^ ev re/- 
X^h ^t*^ ^' €j-exari|cr€i' 'Adiirri, Ni;y 
hk hrf eyyvOi fAOi ddvaros kokos, ohii t^ 
AvevOey, 0^6* dXiri, Wess. 

&Xia : flight.— Fr. &Xi(a 

'AXiyu) : I am pained or anxious 
about ; 1 care for, pay anxious regard 
to. — ^AXyos is contracted fr. &Xeyor 
fr. iiXiyu, L. Compare &Xey€iv6t 

*AXey€it 6s : painful, grievous. — 
See aXiyut 

aXeeiVa» : I avoid. — Fr. aXiu, as 
epeelvb} fr. ^pita 

oXei^s vrrvos : sleep in the open air* 
— Fr. &Xea. Reiske needlessly pro- 
poses d^beiis 

&'Xeiaov : a goblet ROUGH with 
engravings, * aspera signis,' Virg. — 
Fr. XeXeltrai pp. of Xe/oi, wh. Xtios, 

*AXe/rci) or dXlrto : See iiXiTiuf 

*AXe/^, }p(o : I anoint ; besmear ; 
anoint the combatants with oil for the 
fight ; stimulate them to the fight. — 
Adti) [Lat. leOf levt] Ss Xlta are primi- 
tive verbs. Hence arise Xlfiia, libo, 
Xe//3a», Xl<l>u, Xeltpw ; which signify, I 
drop (stillo) or distil ; and are applied 
to various liquors. Hence too Xiros^ 
the fat of dropping oil. Fr. Xe/^ is 
ciXel^v, which received the sense of 
anointing, from the oil being poured 
by drops. In a wider sense it is the 
same as, lino, illino, L. From pm. 
SXot0a is tyn-alepha f and fr. ^«i- 
TTtai pp. is aUptes^ (' geometres, pic- 
tor, aliptes,* Juv.) 

'AX^Kw: SeedX^{(tf 

^A'X^KTtap : a wife ; also, a virgin. 
— Fr. Xiicrpov, lectus 

^A-XiicTiap: a cock. — Fr. Xiicrpov, 
lectuSf * quod nos k-'XkKrpovs facit. 

19 From Homer : '^rot 6 Kamr^iov r^ *A\^- 
SpT oZbf &\Sro. 

20 So KpSw from Jkpw. * Versando voWendoqae 
conaolido, et sic aageo : quae translationis ra- 
tio est in derivatis a verbo tXv^ unde 8Aos et 
Lat. solidos/ L. 

1 Wh. &xJ/i€yo9, alvmnxts. 

2 Fr. &\w is Lat. halo; halitus* 'AX4a is 
an exhalatwn producing a tepid vapor, TH. 

3 Sw-o^oi^, the coalition (co-unctio) of 
two vowels into one, as toSpoi/m for rh SvofUk 

4 An anointer for the bath or the combat. 


excilat e hcto,' St, 

AX^u : 1 help, assist, defend ; kei>p 
off, ward off. dcrenrio.'— Fr. llie fut. 
at AXIkot, M, Sec oAir/j 

'AXiia or dXcilui : I roll round iu a 
mill, grind ; t roll together, collect; 
I roll, wind, glide, or twUt' about, to 
avoid suarea, I avoid, beware, fly 
from. — Fr. &\u 

'AXerpeva : I grind. — Fr. aXcroi 
{>p, of ix\ew 

'AKevpoy : ground wheal, flour. — 
Fr. dXeuui. See h\iai 

"AAij : Bee before oXdo^oi 

a-\jiBi)i: one wlio does not con- 
ceal or hide ; or that which 13 not 
cODceated or hidden ; open, plaiti ; 
feir, sincere ; true,— Fr. Xi'iSui, 1 hide 

'AXiiei,.: I grind.— Fr. dXq9iiv a. i. 
p. of ^X^. So viiBu fr. via) 

A\i>a(: lobe collected.— Fr. IXXu 
comes, perhape, (be Homeric faf^r/r, 
iiXeU, dX^i^i (us iaraXTiv fr. st^XXw) ; 
ut least it agrees enlirelji in its signifi- 
cation Hith €XXtu, c!Xew, {see air-ciX^u,] 
and hence points to a similar origin. 
Otherwise it is considered as from a 
new verb fXij^i [see /fXbr], uli. oXceivui 

& ax/£u, M. 

'AXqi or AX^s or AX^i : rolled toge- 
ther, cooglohatus, thick, crowded, col- 
lected togetlier.-^Fr. fiXui and aXui. 
See £Xu &: &\^<j 

'AX0SI & -iu: I invigorate, nou- 
rish ; heal. — Fr, fiXtfi,!' a. 1 . p. of 
S\u. alo : wh. also AXbu,. Hence the 
gott Am-althea, which is said to have 
MODKisHEDIlie infant Jove, L. 

&-\iairTOsi not retiring, never with- 
drawing, incessant in its stay. — Fr. 
JuAlaarai p. of Xidfo/ini 

&-Xl^s: having no stream or flu'W' 
ing,' dead, appUed to a river ofOr- 
cui. * Orvoi A-\i^as, dead wine, vine- 
gar,' Bent, — Fr. XijSili 

li\^-bvm : I immerse in the sea. 
—For k,' &Xl iim. Tz. 

i AAI 

'AXiyKiosi like, similar. — For oXi- 
Kios.^ J. compares alike 

'AXieus ; a lishtrniau. — Fr, &Xt, 
&\ds, lal, talis 

AXi£iu: I sail.— Fr. tiXas or fr. iXi, 

'AXi5oi : 1 roll together, collect.-— 
Fr. fiXu 

'AXtfiov. some sea shnib. — Neut. of 
&\iuoi, marine ; fr. liXi, fiXos, sal, tali» 

'AXii-hiw: I roll, wind, wallow.— 
For ikiiiu!=a\iiu or aXlv^ fr. fiXw 

"AXuic wandering from thjc mark, 
missing the nark, inefffclual, S, — Fr. 



, mass, bi a great plenty, 
sufhciently. — Fr. fiXui. Comp. fiXqt 

'AXury^u:" I roll in the mire and 
filth,! daub, rontaminale. — Fr.aXiaw" 
fut. of&Xiui, L. Com\}Are AXmbiv 

&Xlatii>: 1 lake, catch, seize; take 
in the act.— Ff. dXi(7«- fui. of &Mu,= 
aXoH. See AXow 

'AXirtu, aXiVu & uXciVu ; I winder, 
err, err from rectitude. — F(. AX/tih, 
(fr. aXtrai pp. of &\iw) dilferuig only 
in form from dX^riji, which is A*. dX^, 
L. Compare 'erro,' I err 

aXiT-iiftrpos : anssing his proper 
number of days, nol complete in the 
number of his days, horn before his 
lime. — Fr. aXirew & ^fiipa 

'AXia: I roil, or make to roll. — 
Fr. oXw. See SXij. ' Fr. aXlai or dXiu 
is Lat. iaiio. The notion of roiling is 
transferred to the tossing of tbefect/S. 
'AXcq : " strength, roboslaeHs ; 
slrenglli of mind, courage, bravery; 
resistance; kecpingoffaad guarding; 
protnctioQ. — Some think that Alcidei 
was so called fr. AXit^, Fac. 

AX-nvbii/, 6i-ot,^: a kaicifon or king- 
iislter.— Fr. aXi, the mu, & cvu, I 
bring forth. A hird, of whtch it is 
said that she breeds in the tea, and 
that there is always a calm during her 
incubalion, T, Hence hulej/on dayt 


' dcferdo ifntam rajrtis.' 

9 SoKiAii^SKmu»ki«. 

10 Others ft. axi iAii, llie s«. I[om<l 

gives the sea llie Fpitdet of o-Tfn^yeroi. 

11 In (he decline of the language tbcM ei- 
Hnded forms becnme much adnund, Bui 

Klf, M ■> to be in B proper po«ure fpr repelling 

an »»iJ<.nl. J. 

ihuryit is (he same » txtFyu, tad, as ej *nd 

Horn. cbIJi Ilie living Sitpok flpoToli,' Si. See 
the obseiYBtions on 4x»l^, (ind comp. i-A,iJ,i, 

ffK Bie kindred sounds, iktayim w*> scvcely 

more remoTed from (he ari^nol >vonl (hau 


B II Bcenu lo proceed U. 9ai$, [gen, f)Mi»i], 

la Sec iXiKu Slid dAJfi^. 

AAA 17 

"AXKos: alius, other. — Hence alle- 
gory. See hyop^ia 
■ *AXXa: the phiral of &\\os, alius. 
Like ' ceter(km ' fr. ' ceterus/ it is used 
for, but. That is, otherwise : ' It is 
not so ; otherwise, it is thus/ ' In 
enumerating particulars or in reason- 
ing, OTHBR THINGS mean things to 
be added to the particulars already 
mentioned ; and then aWh is, and, 
moreover, besides, even,' J. 

'AXXa : ' i order the servants to 
thrust open these doors, so that we 
may rescue aWa my daughter;' i. e. 
that we may rescue if nothing else, but, 
but certainly, but at least my daugh- 
ter. So ' at ' in Latin : ' Si mibi repub- 
lic& bond fnii non licebit, at carebo 
malk,' Cic. ' The Argives did nothing 
but either laughed,' i. e. says Hm., 
The Argives did nothing, but either 
Jaughed, or I know not what I can 
say they did ; i. e. The Argives dfd 
nothing but laugh. '^ '1 wish I had 
given the first blow ; I should have 
died indeed but either as a kins; only,' 
i. e. says Hm., 1 should have died but 
either certainly as a king only, or at 
least not as I now die ; or, 1 should 
have died, but either certainly as a 
king only, or I cannot say how ; i. e. 
I should have died in no other way 
but as a king simply 

dXXas, avros, 6 : a sausage. — Fr. 
jiXXw=s^Xii». Roiled into a round shape. 
Perhaps Aristoph. alluded to this de- 
rivation in a passage where, when 
Agoracrjtus has said, ^Wavro-irdtXovy, 
Cleon answers, KvXivbeT^ eiaia, Roll 
within this wretched fellow, S. 

*AXK&ff(ra, £<tf : I change one thing 
for ANOTHER, change, vary ; exchange 
one thing for another; obtain in 
exchange. — Fr. &K\os. Hence the 
•un's par-allax '♦ 

"AXXiyXo*: the one the other, one 
another, mutually. — Fr. aXXoc 6XKoi. 


Hence par-allel straight lines ' 

'AXXi/Xovfa : Halleluiah, praise ^e 

'AXXoioc: alius atque alius, diffe- 
rent, varying, of another kind. — Fr. 

dXXo-jLoros : of a different temper and 
of different manners ; of a strange tern* 
per, strange. — See kotos 

"AXXo^ai: I jump, leap, dance; 
leap up, bubble up. — Fr. &\Xcd=&Xm. 
' Versor hue illuc motu volutorio,* L. 
From &Xto and &Xw are iXro and iXro* 
he lept ; wh. Lat. alius, saltus, and 
salto. From SiXta is hXLia, Lat. salio 

*'AXXos : See after kXKvi^v 

^AXXoTptos : belonging to another ; 
or to another country, foreign, strange. 
— Fr. SXXos, alius wh. alienus 

"AXXvbis aXXoi : alii aliis in locis ; 
some here, some there. — Fr. aXXos 

"AXXois : otherwise, in another man- 
ner ; in another manner and not in 
that which reason dictates, rashly ; 
and therefore to no effecl, in vain ; in 
other respects; for other reasons. — Fr. 

^AXfia, QTos: a leap, saltus, high 
place, mound. — Fr.aXfjat pp. of aX«. 
Compare saltus fr. salio. ^AXrai is 
the pp. of aX(tf, and produced alius 

"AXfiTj : salt water ; salt pickle ; 
salt; Attic salt. — Fr. hXs, iiXos, sal, 

"AXm,^ w,^i an area, as of a circle 
or shield; area, a threshing-floor, corn* 
floor, corn-fleld, vineyard. — Hence 
halo, a circle round the sun or moon 

'AXoao; : I thresh ; bruise, pound. 
— Fr. 6.Xoos=s,aXta% and &\(us, a thresh* 
ing-floor. "AXuts, ev ^ aXodai 

'AXoi; : the aloe or aloes tree. * Plus 
aloes qukm mellis habet,' Juv. 

"AXol,* K05, fj : a furrow. — Of this 
other f6rms are a^Xaf, aw\£, wXE «X- 
Kos, whence some derive Lat. sulcus^ 

*AXoit6s : an offender. — Fr. ^Xotra 

IS In saeb a case Zeunius wishes &\A.' to be 
written &AX* for Ax\o fr. HkKos, and the stop 
to be placed after it : OuS^i^ *Apy(7oi ltW% fj 
KaT€y4Xuv. So again : Ohty yip iar* &AX', fj 
Kod^. In one place however he is obliged to 
change &XV into &XXov. This passage of 
Ptafo, which he adduces, is curious : Tiva &X- 
Aov KAyoy l^X'*^^^ jSoijOoiWcf ifuii, &X\* ^ 6p- 
$4y Tc Koi SUaiov ; 

14 The vABiATiON between the places of 
any celestial object as aeen from the surface 

and from the centre of the earth at the same 

1 Such as lie evenly by the side of each 

2 Generally derived, fr. &\\ofiau ^AAro, 
says S., is for &A6To. 

3 Fro &\ooi ab aK6ad&Ku, Aliquid in or* 
bem rediens, a notione volvendi ; vel planities* 
in qu& hue illuc libere vagari possis, L. 

4 See aZka^. 

6 See however $A.k«. 


AAO 18 

pm. of o^clVa>, aa afioijiot I'r. afiti^m 
■ HK-avpyU; a purple garment.— Fr. 
SXs, geD. AXoi, and ipya. 'H fiirii 9a- 
XaffolovK6)(\ovtpyaSofiivTi,T,M, From 
the purple obtained from a sea-fish, 

a-Xo^ot :* a wife; a virgin.— -Fr. 
Xe;^!!) (AeXo^a pm.) wli. Aej^oi, a bed 

&k6bi ani &\uiii : lam seized, lakeii; 
I am laken in the act, delected.— 'E- 
Xot/il Kev Ij Kiv &X0I11V, Horn. 1 shall 
take or be takeo. 'EJ\6yres *j li\6yTes, 
having taken or having been taken 

oXirvot : Fr. l\irii>, ^kjca, ij\i!iyiis, 
AXvpoc, desiderabilis, Heyne. For 
OaKiryoi, Dm. And J, supposes it put 
for aX^ros fr. 6X^1 ; i. e. nourishing, 

"AXi,' &\6t: 'in the fem. gender, 
the sea ; in llie masculine, salt,' Scap. 
"A\«i, Attic sail, wit; urbanily; Eios- 
pitalitj'. — Hence tal, talis 

'A.\uos, eot: a grove, thicket. — Fr. 
oKaai pp. of 6X10. From the notion of 
leaping. See J\;ia, and comp. ' saltus ' 

'AXrqp, fjftQS, i : a leaden mass, 
which the athletes held in their hands 
and balanced themselves with, whilst 
ihey lept up, Fac— Fr, JXrai. S«e 
liX/ici. ' Quid pereunt stulto fortes 
Aa/ffrc lacerti?' Martial 

WXvflaia): I nourish, bring up, alo. 
' In Aristotle the same verse of Mu- 
saius occurs; but aXeylSei is tlie 
reading there ; the meaning of which 
word is easier understood than that 
of oXu/3u£e(,' Xjlander on Plut. 

fi-Xuffis or &-Kvais; a chain. — Fr. 
Xiiiru; from ils being so tight, that it 
cannot he loosed, St. 

'AXi/atu: I avoid, fly from. — Fr. 
AXiui, which in this sense is the same 
as d\ei<u. See &Xiu 

a-Xuaaof i the herb mad-wort. — Fr. 
Xvaaa, Because it was supposed lo 


cure the madness of dogs 

aXuTaf,^ persons who went about 
the assembly, which met at the pub- 
lic games, armed with rods to secure 
the peace. — -Fr. AXirrai pp. of aXvn, 
I go round or about '" 

aXvai : I wander ; wander in mind ; 
wander and languish in mind, and find 
no end to misfortunes ; wander about 
idly! leap or roll about for . joy. — 
Comp. 6.Xaia or aXioftat; and flXar. 
' Some think alucinor is formed from 
dXitiii,' Fac. ' 'AXubi, aUucinor,' Glosi, 

* 'AX^i) : marriage ; illicit inter- 
course, Sebastian translates it bj, 
'quKstus ' 

"AX^irov and &Xi^i : barley-meal, 
Sour, — Most probably A'. AX^oc, wh. 
tttbns, (as ' anibo ' fr. a^^w) from id 
color. TH." 

"AA^oi : the white leprosy. — Fr. 
&Xipot, wh. albus 

i 'Ax^iu:'^ Iacqiiire,gBin. — 'O^eliymv 
fivXjiv SXaiiToy ouK aXfet,'^ Prov, Hence 
Alphesi'Otcus,'* llie shepherd in Vir- 


'AXfifETT^j; one who gains or dis- 
covers any thing for himself." — Fr. 

"AXu: See afteriXaXd 

"AXui^f : See dXow 

aXumr}^: a fox, A fox's akin: 'Nun- 
quam te fallant animi sub vulfb la- 
tentes,' Hor. — Vulpes is probably fr. 
nXuTijE, ^ol. FaXonrri^, wh. vaiopts, 
volpes. Ylupev9evTfs etiraTe rp AXuttejci 
ravT^, NT., Go and tell that fox (He- 

aXuTrq^;'" a disease in the faair, 
which produces baldness.— 'fls ore kop- 

ffp $(UTOt hr'iipuyBr'iaa Kufnjv CTT-era- 

jiar' dXoijTijJ," Callim. 
'AXttis : See after &\fitj 
"Alia and &fia : at Ihe same time 

lu I 

8 Tra 

HI qnaii 

:u SX^, than Iha 
in tlie Leiicani,' 

IS Qdi fugii aiDlua, firinsni 

MSiiludo, L. -- . „ 

9 Qaui rtpi-iriSiu. TH. Quidam ab ikiv, he, who flies Ibe mill, does 
gBudeo, geitio ; ut lit, pubJicie volupla.tia arbi- - - ~ 

^i, Fsc. 

It Tltc epithet is commoD, Xtmi S^Upira, 
J» 'I do not think ilml iAfai a righlly dc 

s 10 be b., 

iDoie ndapted 
hicli is gtvca 

ion luGiatni; 
tgam bread. 

14 One vho Bc^uirea oxen. Ft. ^ut, <bol.' 

15 InvenloT, qui lihi qald lucntnt, Bl. ■ Ex 
qua illi glorhi opetquc lacente,' Sill. 

16 Foiei chleflj are luhjfcl to it, Foeiiut. 
IT As when a disease of the hair. letted on 

the iiairj icalp of a man, is wool to demur hi* 

AMA 19 

witli ; toipelher.-^Fr. the obsolete Kfiw. 
"AfMt seenu to bave signified, I draw» 
draw to or attract, l^d to, join to. 
Hence Lat. mmo/* L. From fi/iw, I 
draw, is Lat. kamus. From &fia are 
Hama-dryadei,^^ and perhaps oma/- 

"A/mOof, i^ : dost, sand. — ^^A/i^fv is, 
to rub [together] with the hand, as 
sand for instance ; and to make level. 
From (kiia. Hence kfiavpbv is, what- 
ever is made level with the ground. 
Of the same family are afiaBos, sand ; 
asd A/Modvtm, I make to vanish, like 
letters written on sand. Also ^/laXos, 
plain, level, and d/uaX^vt^oi, I make 
plain. All perhaps to be written with 
an aspirate, Bl. 

iL^fiOifMOKeros : not to be subdued by 
fight, inexpugnable ; mighty, strong. 
— For A'fMifikxeTOs ;* and fjtatfjMx^ros 
by redupi. for fiaytros it, /jidxio or fjut- 
^ofxac, L. 

dfiaXairrM : I level or make to 
▼aaish, consume. — ^Fr. &iia\6s, St. 
See Afiados 

d/LiaX£^rM. See &fm6os 

*Afi6X6€ia :* AmkUhea^ a sign in the 
heavens, the celestial she-goat which 
nourished Jupiter. Hence its horns 
became proverbially used for nourish- 
ment and abundance 

"A/ioXXa: ears of corn gathered 
flito a bundle, a sheaf. — Fr. &/ua or 
&fidw, I draw together. Or fir. &/ua 
and /iXXai=^ai, I collect ^ 

AfiaXoc or d/uaXos : soft or tender. — 
"Apv* kiiaXiiv^ Hom., A tender lamb. 
See AfiaOos 

'"Ap^ija : a waggon ; carriage. — Fr. 
H/ia and &lta fut. of dyoi : a waggon 
in which every thing is carried to« 

18 Amo then signified, I embrace ; as Plaat. 
* Sine, amem,' S. 'A/toofou, i^dAKftrOai, Hes. 
Compare k-axdj^ofuu fr. oir^; and Upws fir. 

19 ' Jam neqne Hama^dr^adet nirsnni, nee 
caimina nobis Ipsa placent/ Virg. From 9pvs, 
Zfvhs, an oak. Hama-dryas a nymph who in- 
haMts the woods ; as if bom together with 
the OAES, and together with them dying ; 
for deities of this kind were supposed to have 
some tree for their home, and to he dependant 
on its fate 3 so that, if the tree was cut down, 
Ihey also perished. Whereas the life of the 
Diyades did not depend on the life of their 
trees» Fac. 

so Fr. Sfia and ytmiw, I marry, T. So also 
IHor.y who explaina it, an -alliance of mercury 
with a metal* 


OBTHSRy L. * Quiudecim inde, quas 
arm-aimaxas vocanf, sequebantur; in 
his erant liberi regis/ Curtius 

ii/MpH : a dike, a water-pipe ; a 
sewer. — ' I confess/ says L., • 1 am ig- 
norant of the root, unless it is iifjLw^ 
I collect. A furrow, into wlych wa- 
fer is collected, might be so called.* 
Hence perhaps Amaryllis in Virgil ; 
'a name derived from the dikes,' D. 

'AfidpaKos: sweet marjoram. — ' Ubi 
mollis amaracus ilium Floribus et dulci 
aspirans complectitur umbr^,* Virg. 
' Marjolaine, [marjoram] fr. ufMpaKos. 
The a is taken away ; as in, Natdia, 
&c.,' G.* 

*A'fidpayTos : amaranth, a neverr 
fading flower. — Fr. fiefjtApavrai pp. of 
/jiapalvia, I make to fade 

iifxapTiii, — rcw and — ravw: I err 
from my point; err from rectitude, 
transgress. — Fr. a not, and /tiopca, wh. 
fiapTTTkf, I take, lay hold of, LJ That 
is, I miss my aim. Griaevs riy' fffiaprn* 
Key eis 0^ kfiaprlav;^ Eurip. 

'A'fxapvaaw : I am bright or res- 
plendent. — Mapvtrffia is fr. fAapvta, the 
same as in6pta and fia/pw, wh. fiapfjiai^ 
p(o, L. The grammarians derive fiap- 
fxalpta fr. fiaipia. However this may be, 
^apfjiapoy, [marmor] fiapfiapvyii, d/ia* 
f>i;y>/, &c, are from the same source, 

6.fias, aios, if I a boat. — Perhaps 
from the notion of drawing, the proper 
meaning of afidki, S. A boat drawn or 
towed. See &fxa 

'AfjLavpbs: vanished, indistinct, ob- 
scure, dark.— See &fiados» 'A/iavpos and 
fiavpos are the same. ' Mauri, the 
Moors, and Mauritania; fr. /jiavpos, 
obscure, black ; on account of the 

1 So 94icofuu and 94xofMu 

2 Ah UifM et i\9w. Vuk pariter vel eodem 
tempore, nutriendo augens, L. 

3 Compare ifuWa and tfuXos. 

4 The corruptions in the names of plants are 
numerous. 'Almonds \are fr. ifi^SoAa; 'pars- 
ley ' fr. irerpO'aiKivop ; * quince ' fr. KMiyiov. 
So of minerals; *jet* fr. ycrydfrriji ; &c. 

5 Schultens derives it fr. i^uipa, which Hes. 
explains by i^poppoii. 'Sc. lubrico rootn labi, 
fluere.' Of the derivation in the text Schultens 
thus speaks : ' nesdo quo consensu concentuque 
conspiratom a doctis indoctisque juxta, a/iop- 
Tco' ductum esse ex a et pjipfrr»* Perhaps 
the aspirate in this word favors Schultens* idea. 
Yet see the note on itfipSs. 

6 With what error has Theseus erred against 
you ? 




blackness of the people/ Fac. Blacka- 

'Ajuacu : I draw together, heap to- 
gether, AMASS, I level with the 
ground, cut down; cut down corn, 
mow. — See fi/xa and &fiados 

"A/ijSiy: 'pars petrae imminens, et 
instar siipercilii earn ambiens,* L. The 
brow of a hill; brim of a vessel; 
fringe of a garment. — Fr. the same 
root as nfitpl and Lat. amb [as in ambio], 
L. Ambi[AS *ambo' fr. «/x0w] or ambe 
was with the ancients the same as 

"Afifii^, iKos, 6: a vessel. — Qui am- 
biat, amplectatur res conditas, L. See 
above. * Al-embic is fr. 'al* Arabic, 
and &fiPti/ T. 

iifi-PXow; I brin^ forth an abortion. 
— For ^va-pKou) ; /3\ow being the same 
as ftoXibf.^ See fiXout, Thus cK-fioXia 
is used by Plutarch of medicines pro- 
ducing abortion ; properly, things 
which cast away (the foetus). 'A/i- 
jSApoi is properly, I re-ject 

&/ti-/3\i)s: re-miss, languid, (as 're- 
missus arcus,') dull, blunt. — Fr. flXvut 
=/3\^(w,l throw or send, as * re-mis- 
'sus'fr. *re' and *mitto.' The simi- 
larity of &fifiXvPTai (pp. of afifiXvycj) 
and blunt is probably fortuitous 

' cifjL'PXvyfa : I make blunt. It is 
also the same as afi-ftXotj 

*AiJLpp6atos:^ immortal. Hence d^- 
fipoffiri, the food of the immortal- Gods ; 
and ajjfipoaia vif^, such a night as the 
Gods pass, ambrosia nox. — Hence 
ambrosia^ ambrosial 

"A/ijSwv, (ovos, 6 : brow of a hill ; brim 
of a vessel ; boss of a buckler. — Hence 
umbo. See ^/ijSi; 

• a-fiiyapros I much. — Fr. fiefieyap- 
rat pp. of fieyaipto, * Est illi nostri 
NON iNViDiosA cruoris Copia,' Ov. 

'Afxedvaos and afiidvaros : an ame- 
thysU See ixiQv 

itfieiput, \pu: I piass from or over 
one thing to another, alternate, change ; 
do any thing in succession or recipro- 

cation ; hold up or support recipro- 
cally ; recompence ; exchange ; cor- 
respond with, answer to ; answer. — 
From &/ia, together. Hence &/jL€iPtt is 
primarily applied to two things which 
are mutually united to and depend on 
each other, L. Tovb* inr-a /jteiftS fievos 
irpoa-kf^ri Kpsicjy 'Aya/*€/Ltvwi',*® Horn. 

*Afi€ivutv\ better. — According to 
Fischer, it is for d/zei/wry fr. a^uevos, 
amoenus, M. "Ajjteyos is probably from 
an old word fi/io;, Lat. amo. Loved, 
desired, L. ' 

a-fieipfa : I deprive another of his 
part; deprive. — Fr. fte/poi or /Li^pw, 
wh. fjiepos . .; ' 

*AfiiXy(a, ^u : I squeeze out ; milk ; 
suck. — For fi^Xyto, Hence mulgeo, 
Comp. milk, Saxon melc, Germ. me/Ar, 
with p. fxifieXxd 

ci'/xiXei : imperative of ii-fieXiia fr. 
fjLcXei, Do not be anxious about it, 
do not fear, do not doubt it, be as- 
sured. Hence it is used adverbially, 
and means, doubtlessly, assuredly, tru- 
ly, indeed ' 

*Afi4pyw : I squeeze out ; squeeze 
out oil ; suck, iLfjiiXyut, — Hence Lat. 

U'fjiepbto, atiti the same as apiclpu, 
and fr. the same root. It has been 
suspected that Milton had this word 
in his eye, in this passage : ' Millions 
of spirits, for his fault amerc'd^^ Of 
heaven,* &c. '• 

afievut : I pass over from one thing 
to another, pass beyond. — Fr. fi/ja, 
wh. also u/iei/3(i>. £c tis fJiop<l>^ 9rap- 
-a//€Vflrerat dXXwv," Find. 

"A/Ltrj : a scythe ; a weeding-hook. 
— Fr. d/uaai, I mow 

"Ayui; : a bucket. — Fr. d^dw, I draw. 
See &fAa, 'Nullus in publico sipho, 
nulla hama, nullum instrumentum ad 
incendia compescenda,' Pliny 

aftt)y: 'A/u»)v, a/Ji})y, Xiytj vfilv, NT., 
Verily, verily, 1 say to you. Hence 

dfiiys, nros, 6 : a kind of cake. — Fr. 

7 'Afir is seen in iLfur-^oo, Hence dft^. 

8 'AfifioKiZriy is used. 

9 For h.'$p6aios. As fiporhs is fr. fitfiporcu 
pp. of fip6», so $p6aio5 is fr. 04$poffcu. The 
OOfomon forms are fidfipcKrai and fidfipoercu ; but 
there are many instances of derivatives, formed 
from a future in — 6<ru fr. — <^. Tbu seems 
io have taken pltice partly from the short and 

long being originally marked by the same 

10 The King Agamemnon answering addres- 
sed liim. 

11 Some derive 'amerce' from the French 
' & merci.' Johnson from iifi4pd», 

13 If a penoD passes beyond others in fom. 


^fjiati, I gather together, or in a mass. 
Perhaps, sa^s L., from its compact- 
ness. "AfAijfra vpotT'aTT'iirefiyptr ilfiiy 
rovrori,*^ Aristoph. 

iilXiOpiitil for aptdfiita 

&fji't\\a : rivalship, contention. — Fr. 
&fia and iXi; [or "iWri fr. *iWw] ; pro- 
perly ref(*rriiig to adverse ranks meet- 
ing together. Dm. Hence iemulus has 
been supposed to be derived '"** 
■ a/uU, ihosy fi : generally, any vessel. 
A boat, like aiia$, A chamber-pot : 
^iriov €«s afiiba /i>/ €/u-/3aXX€iv,*^ Pint. 
See (ncwp'Ofiis, L. supposes it to be from 
the same root as Lat. am, as in amicio, 
amplector: * Quse amplectatur res 

"Afc/Lco.V^ii: sand of plains;*^ sand. 
— Hence Jupiter Ammon, so called 
from bis temple being situated in the 
SANDS of Libya, Fac. 

'Afivos :'^ a lamb. — 'Ayi'oj itfiros, 
castus agnus 

"AfjLvafios : a thing propagated ; an 
offspring. — -Afivafnoi are properly the 
young of lambs, Tz. See h^ivos 

"Afiyiov : a vessel for receiving the 
blood of a victim. — For aiiiviov fr. 
alfia, Dm. Perhaps fr. afivos, the vic- 
tim being a lamb 

&fivo'Kwy: silly. — I. e. having the 
mind of a lamb. Fr. ufivos and k&v 
for Kouy fr. <co^ai=voea>, St. 

*Afiy6s : See after anjAos 

* 'AfjLopa : fine flottr mixed with 

- afji'Opl36s : a companion ; attendant. 
— For dfi-opos, fr. &;uo and 6pt», L.'^ 
One who is roused or. hastens with 
another. T^ b\&fjLa yvfiff^ai ewoyrai 
^/io|B/3a66s,*° Ap. Rh. 

&fAopfi6s: dark, obscure. — For fi- 

13 He sent to us this cake. 

14 So T. and Mor. See a!/xvXo$. 

15 Not to throw bread into a chamberpot ; 
i. c. Not to throw pearls before swine, J. 

16 Fr. &fida, I collect, S. See HfjuaSos. 

17 The Granimarians say that i|/(£jua0O5 and 
^fjifios are used for the sand of the sea ; and 
H^iaJBos and iftfios for the sand of the plain. It 
is true that this difference was remarked by 
the Grammarians in Homer ; but in prose au- 
thors these words arc used foE sand generally, 
TH. . . 

18 For A-/i«vo9, without strength, EM. For 
in^os, or iL/i6fi€Pos, fr. ifuo, amo ; i. e. amaivs 
a niatre, L. For iiyfiivos fr. Ayu, Val. 

19 For &fi'opfibs, fr. ifut and Spfjidoo, Suid. 
SO Nymphs follow her as attendants. 

1 God is unjust in not one way, in not one 

21 AMO 

'/Aopi^s, Schol. on Nicand. 

Afiopyot : fine flax or lint^ the best 
species of which came from Amorgos, 
one of the Sporades, Br. Hence iifiop* 
yU, a garment made from afxopyos 

&fji6$: one. — As &/xa is * unk,' so 
cLfios is ' unus,' L. Oevs ovb-a/jiri ohb' 
'afiias &-du'0(,' Plato 
• hfjLos is the Doric form for ijfiiTcpoi ; 
ajuos is the Attic for €^6$, Br. 

a-fioroi : incessant, perpetual. — 
"Epts &-fjLOToy fiefiavla,^ Horn. T^ ff 
n-fiOToy K\ai(i» TeOytjKOTa,^ id. * From 
/Lcobi, 1 fill, craniy are fioros, lint, which 
was applied to hollow wounds to fill 
up the flesh ; and &-fjioTos, that which 
cannot be filled up,' Bl. Or fiota is al- 
lied to fivbt, I close ; and poros is, lintv 
applied to close wounds; and a-fjLoros, 
that which cannot be closed or stop- 
ped. Or fioia is, tnoveo;* and fioros mo- 
tus, admotu^, applied to wounds ; &- 
/joTos, that which resists such an ap- 

&fi'ir€\os, ft: a vine. — Fr. fi/ia and 
TreXw, wh. iriXofxai, From its em- 
bracing trees with various flexures, L. 
From ayijj and vi\(o ; for it does not 
creep on the ground, but supports 
itself on something else and so moves 
up, Dm. "AjineXoi aire ffiipovtriy 01- 
yoy,^ Hom. 

d/iTT-^X^ * ^ ^^^^ round me, clothe 
myself. — For d/i^-exw. See Ix^ 

afx-irpeviMf : I drag up, draw up.— 
For ava-TTopeuu),^ J, 

^/i-TTvS, vuKos, 6 and 4: that which 
makes the flowing hair close or tight, 
a ribbon or fillet; that which makes a 
cask close, a cover.^ — Fr. dm and 
wvKu, denso, condenso, L. * Deflueu- 
tem eapillum confirmat et densat,' 


2 Strife incessantly' eager. 

3 Therefore I perpetually lament you dead. 

4 So L. Moveo is derived by Bl. from /io^. 
6 Vines which produce wine. 

6 There is an old word HfiirpoVj of which L. 
gives this account : ' £x Sifia el vphv, neutrurn 
ex irpSiv=irprja}y, j"g«ni montis prominens. 
Stirpem eandem habet quam irph, seu irp&, con- 

'tractum ex Wpw. "Aimtpov itaque significat, 
utrimque prominens ; atque hinc, vel jugum 
vel funis per juga tentus, ad quern jugatis bobus 
magna onera curribus imposita trahantur.' 

7 In Soph. Phil. 678. Musgrave - proposes 
tvrvya for JkiKKVKo, £. observes that tiitrvl, 
from its signifying a fillet or crown, signifies 
metaphorically a wheel, on account of its 

AMn 22 


' ^fi-irfiiins : a river's channel left dry 
by the retiring waves, Bl. — Fr. Ava, 
back ; and Trimarai pp. ofnota, I drink. 

• *AfjivybaXos, i> ; and — baXia : amyg- 
data, in low Latin amandala, wh. al» 
mond'tree. — Fr. kfii&trvvit. The bark of 
this tree is like skin nipped or lace- 
rated by the nails, L. More proximate* 
ly fr. &fivyhat like &7rpiyha ^ 
"Afjivbis : the same as &/ia. Comp. 

a-fivbpos: indistinct, obscure. — ^That 
which dissolves, and by dissolving 
loses its form and can scarcely be dis- 
tinguished. Fr. fjLvhpos, L. 

"AftvKkai : shoes worn by the people 
of Amycl^e^ a city of Laconia 

k-fAiffAiav: spotless. — The same as 
a^fujfios, ' Mvfxos signifies a spot, like 
fiwfjios,* TH. 

*A-fLvvta : I defend ; drive off ; re- 
venge.^ — Perhaps afivvia is to be re- 
ferred to ixvvw^ L. They derive munio 
fr. a/xvvcD, Fac. 

afiifffffia :*® I lacerate ; excruciate. — 
See afivybaXos* Kpvfriri irepovy icar-a- 
fiv^aro xeipa , ' * Ho m . 

a-fivtyris : a large draught, such as 
is drunk without closing the lips.— ^ 
Fr. fiifivaTai pp. of fivw, ' Non naulti 
Damalis meri Bassum Threici^ vincat 
amystidet Hor. 

&fjL'<l>ah6v : openly. — Fr. im, re-, 
and TTc^arac pp. of ^aai=0a/Keii. Aov 
ts formed like brjy in ay^ibiiy ; which 

kfi-i^atrlai hesitation of speech. — 
Perhaps for a-^a^a fr. T€<l>acai pp, of 

'AM^I : around, round about. The 
word ' about ' will express this word 
in nearly all its uses. To speak about, 
to dream about, to have fear or trou- 
ble about, to dwell or sit about, '^ 
about evening, being about 20 years 


old. — Hence amphi-theatre. Ami io 
-amino is afi^i or afji<^ 

'Afc^afen, ffkt : I put romid, cover, 
clothe. — Fr. hfi<pL 

d/i^i-yt/r/eis : lame in both feet. — 
Fr. aff^, as in amphi^hious ;^^ and 
yvos or yvios, lame or mutilated in the 
limbs. "H^acffros iifjufnyviieis, Horn. 

afit^l-yvos : an uncertain expression. 
Homer applies it to spears : "Eyxe&tw 
AfiffnyvoitTiv. * Having power on each 
side to hurt (ra yvta) the limbs ; or 
(yviwaai) to make lame,' Scap. * Hav- 
ing a limb on either side ; so as to be 
fixed in the earth on the one and to 
be useful for fighting on the other,* 
Dm. Sophocles uses it of suitors 
fighting: 'Eiri ravb* A-KotTiv- iififlyvoi 
KaT'ifiav wpo yAfittv^ ef-^XOoV r* &e6k* 
o>^v«v.** • Validi,' Br. • Fighting 
with hand and foot,' Schol. 

iifjul^i'bpofila : the fifth day after the 
birth of a child. 'Hfiipa irifnmf i¥ 
Tavry TO fipitftos Trepl t^v kariay ^fipov 
^at rpiypvai KVK\f b&pd re frifjnrov- 
ffiv,*5 &c., Schol. on Plato. — Fr. bir 
bpofia pm. of bpifiki 

afi^jU'Xaffis : The Grammarians say 
that this is the same as ci/itpi-Xafi^, 
that which can be taken hold of on 
either side. But it mav be derived fr. 
Xa^(o : which is clearly seen to have 
existed by the perfect X^Xa^a, and by 
Xa<l>vti>, Xa^vama^ &c. It is said of 
trees flourishing with luxuriant foliage, 
(translated by Cicero, patulis diffusa 
ramis) ; of any thing ample and great ; 
of any thing covered and protected 
on every part, (a meaning which is 
the least remote from the original one). 
It began to be applied by the Sophists 
to things incorporeal, R. Ample, which 
may fill both bands, Bl. 

a^^i-Xvcos : of doubtful or am- 
biguous light, dusky. — Fr. &/i0l (wh. 
amb in ambiguous) and Xvkos, wh. l%gr 
ceo, and /t&r, lucin 

8 Compare hmiutyZaJda. 

9 These senses may be compared with those 
of ' defendo :' Teneras defendo a frigore mjr- 
tos, Virg. Defendere ignem a tectis, Cic. Si 
patris mortem defendere necesse habuerit, Ul- 

10 Fr. iUhtqo fut. of ft{twassfdf0, 1 cat into mi- 
nute parts, L. Compare fitariXri and fiwrrlKti. 

11 She lacerated her hand with the golden 

12 M. translates &n4t\ < by ' In Find. Fyth. 

i. 21. But without need. 'A/u^ tc AarotBa fro- 
^9 $a$vic6kiwy re Mouray expresses : Sitting 
or gathered round the wise Apollo and the 

13 From $los, life. 

14 They came down to fight for winning this 
girl for a wife ; and entered into combat to- 

15 The fifth day ; on this, bearing the child 
about the hearth, they run round -, and its 
friends send presents, &c. 




'A/ti0tf: about, araund, like A/i^* 
With both hands ; on both sides ; ih 
doubt between two sides. Aloof from 
eitiicr side ; by one's self ; separately, 
at a distance ; without, sine. — Fr. 
d/u^i, wb. dfifti, ambo; and amb in 
ambiguous, &c, 

'A/i0/9-/3aiva : ' Scorpion and asp 
god umphisbaua dire,' Milton. ' That 
the amphisbana, a smaller kind of 
serpent, hath two heads, or one at 
either extreme, was affirmed by Ni- 
cander and others,' Brown. ' £t gravis 
in geminuni surgens caput amphisba* 
nUy Lucai). — Fr. d/i^is, both ways, 
and flalrm, I go 

Afu^itr-fiilTiu : said of persons going 
different ways in argument ; eo in 
omnia ah'a, I dispute, debate. — Fr. 
(iifiiirai pp. of jSaoi, eo, nitor 

*A/ifi'TJfUrfi : Ampkitrite, the sea. — 
Fr. rerpirat pp. of rpltt, wb. Tpifint, I 
wear: from its wearing the land 
around the coast 

. 'A^c-^cpevc and d^-^opew, 6: ajar 
or vessel having two handles, by which 
it may be carried ou both sides. — Fn 
^im* Hence amphora 

"Afi^:'^ both, both together. — 
See dfi^. Hence ambo 

'Afji^€pos : both the one and the 
other; both. — Perhaps fr. &fiflM, and 
ircpos,^'' wb. ceterus 

afb^utis : having two ears or han- 
dles. — Fr. is, d)r6s or iSros, an ear. See 


"AfMfiov : a small Armenian shrub, 
used in embalming; «h. mummy. 
Also, any ointment precious and pure, 
Fac.^' ' Assyrium vulgo nascetur amo^ 
nrnm^ Virg. 

^'AN:'^ if. — ' An honest mind and 
plain ; An^ they will take it, so ; if 
not, he*s plain,' Shaksp. Compare an 

16 *A/ia primarily regards two things done 
together at one and the same time. Hence 
%fu^ is specially said of two thins;s which are, 
or are done, at the same time. Whereas 8t$« is 
used simply for ' two/ L. 

17 Compare however ^fiircpoSy ff<f>4r(pos, 

' 18 Who derives HfMfxop fr. &-fjL»fAos, spotless. 
It is perhaps, however, an oriental word. 

19 ^Af, when taken for ci, is pat for ^i' ; 
and has therefore the a long. The Attic poets 
iMv«r My hp for iiof, but always ffir, Hm. 

20 ' Tooke derives an in this sense from the 
Sax. Annan, to give, of which an is the impera- 

^Aw: may, might, would, should, 
can, could. All these senses imply a 
conditional sense, like that of hv 
above.' ^Av is used in such cases as 
these : How much would you give to 
redeem your wife ? You may speak.* 
I could or might show,' that they 
have suffered many injuries. I would 
have said so,^ had I been present. I 
may or will say so perhaps,' if I am 
present. Whatever you may or shall 
ask for,^ you shall receive. I shall 
soon be in a place of safety, so that 
I can or shall suffer no further.^ **Av 
with an indicative,' says Hm., 'often 
signifies nothing else but that some- 
thing happens or has happened, not 
at some certain time, but whenerer 
the occasion demanded it [as. He 
WOULD now ask for 20 drachmsp, 
now for a garment, &c. ; and. He 
WOULD be angry, when I would 
tell him so.] Elsewhere with an indi* 
cative it is a mere sign of doubt; as, 
I know not &y. [I know not whether or 
if.] With an imperative it is, if this 
pleases, if you wish, or would rather 
so.' It often coalesces with other 
words, as Sr-^y, &c. 

'AN:^ a prefix, giving, like a, a 
privative or negative sense to a word. 

Thus df»X^> ^^^^ > ay-apxia, an-arcky^ 
a state without rule. "Owfxa, a name ; 
iLvityvfios, an-onymous, one without a 

*ANA' and hv : The proper meaning 
is, up, upon. * *Ava, neuter plural ol ^ 
avos, (wh. &VW, upwards,) properly re- 
ceived its notion from pressing to- 
wards higher objects, or from being 
employed on a surface. Hence it pro- 
perly aniwers to • supra ' for * supe- 
ra ' fr. ' superus.' And therefore it is 
no wonder that &va is put for SUPER, 
UPON. Hence flowed the notion of, 

tive ; so that this word means, conditionally, like 
the conjunctive 'if.' Give, grant, allow.' T. Se^ 

1 Bot &y is short, and therefore can scarcely 
be put for 4ih^, Yet this might perhaps be ac« 
counted for on the ground of convenience. 

2 A4yoi5&v» 

3 *A.iroip4ivcufu &v. 

4 ETitov &v, 

5 Efiroi/u &v, 

6 "Offa ttv €drfi&7iTf. 

7 *As firiZlv tty Tcn^^Ty, 

8 Abbreviated from ftrci^. 




THROUGH, as, through the niouDtains, 
or, more nearly, ovbr the mouotaios. 
From this notion of, through, it ac- 
quired that of, BY MEANS OF; so as 
to imply that, through which or by 
which I perfect or go through any 
thing. And this notion is clear in 
iLvvtj, I perfect. Antecedent times 
and times higher or upper are used 
promiscuously ; hence ara, in respect 
to time, signifies, RE — , before, 
BACK.^ . [Hence to ana-lyze any 
thing ; and ana-lysis,^^ the act of 
dissolving any thing and bringing 
it back to its first principles.] From 
time it passed to place ; he, who 
stands before any one, is opposed to 
bim ; hence avii is, opposite to, 
AGAINST,! L. The following are the 
most difficult forms of its use : Thro' 
or on every day, i. e. the whole day 
or daily. . They took the cities in the 
progress, or. advance" of (ava) time. 
Up or against the stream. They went 
up to, i. e.. as far as (dva) five para- 
sangs a day, they went from one up 
to five; (So we.say, UPWARDS of and 
ABOVE five hundred;) or this may 
primarily refer to the space travelled 
UP a country. To have on the sur- 
face of (dm) the mouth, i. e. to speak 
of. Per (di/d).vim; with or by all his 
might ; to the height or top of his 
might. To be employed partly in (dm) 
private, partly in (ava) public matters ; 
i.e. UP to this or thatamount in either. 
$ I wiil:expose the magic of these men 
up to the word (dvd \6yov) of truth, 
up to the very word of the truth ; or, 
as. in the word ana-logy (formed from 
hva \6yov\ and as in the former sen- 
tence, dt'd may imply comparison, re- 
lation, relativeness. So in these forms: 
Of cinnamon and uard dm one ounce ; 
i. e. an ounce of each. And they hke- 
wise received dvd brivdptov, i. e. every 
one a denarius. He orders them to 
go dm bvo ; i. e. two by two. Hence 
Cowley says : * In the same weight 
prudence and innocence take : Ana 

of each does the just measure make." 
— Compare Goth, ana, Germ, an, 
Engl, on 

"Am: rise up. — I.e., up. See 

ava-Pabfiv: by ascending; up-stairs. 
— See Pabrjv ; and fiaOpov, a step or 

ava-fipvacta :" I cry out.— Elro r«f 
Kbiiras Xafi6t*T€S kix-(^a\6vT€$ dv-c/Spva* 
{av * iTnraTral, rls kfi^^aKei ; Aristoph* 

hva-ppv^"^ I I gush out. — Fr. /5^- 
PpvKQ p. of Ppvia» 'Avo-jS^/Spv^^ei' v- 
biap, Hom. 

aya'yiv<i)(rK(ii> : I read. — -Fr. yiv&- 
irKb), but with an obscure application 
of the sense. ' In famili^ erant pueri 
literatissimi, ana-gnost€B optimi et 
plurimi librarii,' Nepos. See yvwfjii 

ava-yivuitrKia : I cause another to 
change his sentiments, persuade. — 
*Am, from signifying ' back,' signifies 
also return and change. See ycv^- 

*AvrayKri : necessity ; fatal necessi- 
ty ; necessity of nature, instinct ; ne- 
cessity of custom; necessitudo, friend- 
ship; want ; torture, by which we are 
compelled to confess. — For d-dyiny, 
fr. &yK(a:= ayyu. That by which we 
are bound, L. Perhaps for &yKri, by 

*AvayKa$to I I force, compel. — 
Said primarily of men whom violent 
necessity compels. See above 

ava-defia, aros : a placing up or 
placing by for the Gods, a thing sus- 
pended or laid by, an offering, dedi- 
cation. Also, a placing by or apart, 
a re-jection, an exclusion from the 
society of others, or that which is so 
e^rcluded, despised and detested. — Fr. 
redefjiai pp. of deu, I place. Hence 
anathema, anathematize 

av-aivofiai : non annuo, abnuo, I 
reftise. — Fr. alvos, approval, assent 

hv'ai(nfi6(a. See alatixoto 

"Avaf, aKTos for aicos :*^ one who is 
above others, a God ; one at the top 
or head of a country, a King ; one 

' Ana-chroniam seems properly to signify 
an error by which an event is placed too early,* 
T. From xp^^oi, time. 

10 *Avd'\vffLSt fr. \io>, I loosen, dissolve. 

1 1 For advance Is supposed in the Idea of 
pressing TOWARDS higher objects. 

12 Possibly derived metaphorically from the 

notion of bubbling np or sending out water like 
a fountain. I. e. 1 send oat my voice. See $pvd- 

13 "Ava^ is Apoks, And the genitive of the 
third declension is formed by inserUng o before 
s. See &y<uefs and iawK&s* 




who is 8ft over others, a soperiDtend- 
ant, iaspector. — Fr. Ara^i pp. of 
ayatratf, from the same root as iirh, 
up, over, L« 

"Araices: Kings, or Gods ;'^ ap- 
plied to Castor and Pollux." — Fr. 

*Ara'Koyy(v\i6.^ti : I rip up or tear 
open a seal. — Fr. KoyxyXiov, conchy- 
Umm. * The ancients inclosed seals 
in shells in order to preserve them/ Br. 

&ya'KOYxvXiaSia :'* I gargle. — Oi W 
larpol TO, irp6 rovie dvafCoy^vXidSeci^ 
^Kikevoy,*^ Aristides 

*Av&KTopoy : a palace or temple*— 
Fr. &y€i^ &paKTos 

'Ayoicrfnff, 6 : the royal gem. — See 

Aya'Kwir6m : I overturn. See icvwrdtt 

*AyaKt^i in the manner of a super- 
intendant or curator; sedulously, care- 
fully. — Fr. Iira(, Avaicos 

* ara-yevais, LXX. This word must 
he determined hy the context. If it 
is to be translated, ' rest,' it would 
seem to be a corruption of&vd-frvev^cf 
fir. wriw. But the context rather re- 
quires the sense, which one Schol. 
gives it, iLfr-aydpevais, refusal; iivA- 
vevtrit Bardrow, unwillingness to die. 
See div-ye^ 

*Ara-revw : I refuse hy a nod ; I 
refuse. — *Ara, re — ; rtvi*, nuo, I. e. 

"Ava^: See belore 4vaK€s 

^ra'^ifpihes, nlz trowters, breeches. 
— For Ava-ffvpibet, ir. trvpi^. From 
being drawn up. Comp. ' drawers ' 

itra^TTaiffros : an anapast, as &yd 
9r««f, the reverse of a dactyl. — Fr. t^- 
'jTcuarai pp. of iral(o, I strike ; i. e. the 
repercussion of the dactyl 

AraHfXiwf : 'filled up, crowded ; 
crowded to contagion ; infected with 
contagion. — ^Pr. xX^^ic. ' Vulgatiqne 
contactu in homines morbi, et primo 
in agreetes ingruerant servittaque, urbs 
deinde impletdr,' Livy. * Amplus 

14 0tdr hitofn iufdienov, Horn. Zfv Kra. 

15 Cicero appHes the name differently : 
' At^-Kovpoi [i. e. filii Joyis] apad Gxaecoa 
makis modis nominantar. Pnoii tres, qui ap- 

¥eHantur Anaees, [Soixie Msf. read Avactes] 
rftopatreai, Eubnleos, Dionysios. Secundl, 
Castor et Polliix,' &c. 

16 J. derives it fr. xfi\os, by redupl. kSxv- 
Kos, ii6yxv\os. 

is from Aya-rX^r ; and refers to the 
magnitude, not of place, but of Bum« 
her; and expresses the copiousness 
of any thing,' Reisig 

iLvaplrtis : some shell-fish. — ^TI/MKr- 
-0^s lis T li xotp&buv iivaplnit,*^ Athen. 

itvapptX&fiai : I clamber. — ^Aytf^t" 
X&r* hy h toy ohpayoy, Aristoph. 

kyh-^ms : the second day of the 
festival called 'Airarewpca. — Some ot 
the ancients think that dy-ep^*» signi- 
fies, I kill, because it was ' usual to 
draw or bend back the necks of sheep 
when they were being slain. Hence 
also itya-fifiiieiy is used for, to kill ; 
and kyA-ppfKrit, a sacrifice, St. See 
j^if^. On this day, it appears, sacri- 
fices were offered to Jupiter 

ky-apfTtotx unpleasant, unfriendly. 
— 'Ay-aptTca, h (A/K &y ris Apatro, Tim. 
The word is from aHput, Nke pefop' 
crcos,' Bl. An enemy, one who does not 
agree [or fit, quadrat] with another : 
fr. Apw, St. Avff'fteyies rat hv^&paioi^ 

"Ayao-ffa : a queen. — See 4ra{ 

"Avavpos: a torrent. — ^Apparently 
fr. Anaurus, a river in Thessaly . Low 
can : ' Quiqne nee huihentes nebuhur, 
nee rore madentem Ai^ra, k-bc tc* 
NUES VENTOS aspirat Anann>9* I. e. 
iy^avpos, * sine ««r^.* Apolf. Rh. re- 
presents the river as wintry and very 

&ra-^(iXarrof : bald-pated. — Fr. ir«- 
^^Xarrac pp.< of ^oKoivta fr. i^a\h$^ 
white. Comp. ^aX-arpds 

^Avh&nai I please. — Foir AvJw fir. 
&5ctf. (See &^&u.) So \aQta, XAvBtt^ 
XayOdyu) ; fiaOta, ^avd^t pnyddyu ; 
X^jdctf, XayjSo^, Xapfiur, Xafifldyw} Xay^w^ 
Xai^xci), Xay^io, Xay^^ai^oi 

iybripoy : the bank or mound of a 
river, of a canal, '^ or of the sea ; a 
little border or bed in a gardien. — 
Perhaps for &bripoy fr. &bw ; i. e. mat- 
ter heaped up, L. xOpAtrieoviny kf^ Av- 
br/poicri daXdaaris TriOotrvyoi,^ Oppian. 

17 And the physicians ordered him, before 
now to gargle. 

18 Sticking like some ahell-fish appertaining 
to rocks rising from the sea. 

19 '^Av^pa sunt terre ad rivom aot csnalem 
factkium aggestas et complanatae, et canallculis 
intersects, ares, in quibus plantantof plants 
et arbascu4a a pneterfluente et immissft per 
rivulos aq^ud. alfenda, Eeisk^. 

20 They leap gaily outjiieV^tiaVf^Ql^^vtV* 



TlpagiaU T€ Kai aytiipoitri, Nicantl. vain, iuetfeclual. — Fr. lU'efiot. ' Tu 

'Sihn, T&v &.yhr)pa wop' al/iaataiai we- LEVIS es inultoque tuis VENTOSIOR 

^ixif,' Theoer. alis,' Ov. 

"Avu: upwards; above; on tJie top. 'Ave/iiui'ij : Ihe winil-flower.— Fr. 

— Fr. llie same root as avA Avr/xos. ' From ilie soft wiiig of ver- 

'Avi'ip, gfn, Aripot, Arhpos : alius- nal breezes slieil. Anemones, auricu- 

band, vir; a man. — Fr. avoi; i.e. Ihat las,' &c. Tliomsoii 

which isauperior or above, L. Com- &y-eros: remiss, loose. — Fr.eratpp. 

pareai'D^. 'Tliy huiband is thy bead, of eu. As * re-niissiis,' fr. ' milio' 

ihy sov 'reign,' Shatsp. 'AXX'ay' ayiip 'Avtv: williout, sine. — Of this tlje 

avT&fbposlTa,^ Ham. 'iluvhpet'Affii- privative prefix av appears to be an 

rdioi, Demoslli. Hence in bolatiy abbreviation * 

moH-andria, poli/-andria &v-eipiot: a relation, cousin. — For 

avip&-raioy '. a slave. — Fr. ayi/p, av-a\pws, fr. S-^ai pp. of fiirrw. One 

eea. avip6s,anAaTriy-h6iTdat to seil; or joined or connected, Vosi.' "Erat 

fr. riiri, a fetter; or more properly fr. lai av-e\pioi, Horn. 

■jToSes, feet, for Ibe masterinay be said iveus : dumb. — Fr. ava, I cry out, 

to be I lie bead, the slave the fool; is ay-avot, ay-aos, and [as Xadc and 

unless it refers to wbat the Romans Xewi] liv-em. Dm. TiW Areji iyim- 

call ' servus a pedibus.' But it is us«d /rOe, 'Ax"io' ; Horn., Why have you, 

generally for one taken in war and ye Greeks, become dumb 1 

made a slave, whatever bis condition 'Ai-i) : completion, — Fr. ficmcsa^™. 

was before, St. See uya 

t'AvEpd^vt): Ilie herb purslain ''Ay>}Bov: anise or dill, Fac. But 

'Avipias, &yTDs,6: the statue of a anisum (Gr. Syiaey) is distinguished 

lOBU. — Ft. &vip, ayhpot from anelhum by Pliny: ' Gilh pis- 

av-ihriv: remissly, negligently, loose- trinis,anisum etanethum,'&c. — ' Nar- 

ly, promiscuously. — ' Some adverba cissiun et florem jungit bene olentis 

have the termination -tijy annexed to ancthi,' Virg. 

the chief syllable of tbe perf. of the &v-iiyo6a; ste iyiiyoBot. 

verb, instead of the termination -mi. 'Aviip : si?e before livhpairohoy 
Thus y^ypair-rai, (ypoJrSijv,) ypa^irfy; 
niKpvn-Tai, (tpinriijy,) KpiijSirjy ; l^^i)- 
rai, pi/hriv, bia^f)&Tiy ; ^ara-Tat (fr. co- 

rati) ordiijv,' M. 'Av-iitiy is fr. fii-- or top. Heace anlho-tog^' 

crai. 'Erat is pp. of EU, I send. So caaioaiile. — 'The 

' re-miss^,' Lat. anthemis, a email but glorious flower, 

ur-eiQi : above and at a distance. Scarce rears his head, yet has a giant's 

' remollone versus superiora,' S. — lower,' Tate's Cowley 

Fr. ava and kai '\y6inioy : the same herb as antkt- 

ay-lWiiv : not Grecian, foreign. — mis, Fac' 

S«e'EXXoi 'Ai'flEpeiic, : the chin; i.e. the 

"AveiiBt'.^ Ibe wind. — Hence ani- place where the hairs of the- beard 

vau; anima, the breath; aniitians,a flourish, St. — Fr.dfd^w, 1 flourish, 

breathing thing 'Tnm mihi prima genasvcstibatFLOKB 

'Avefiiii\ioi : light and fickle as the juventa,' Virg. 

wind, inconstant; empty as the wind, f 'Avdepi^ pimi, o; and &y6ipti:o(: 

1 The Doric form of hrt-piKtu lalim florcnt, ab imft sui partt ircipiunt.'Plinj. 

3 Sed age, vir conlm tirum ilo. 8 ' Heiichio et Suidie ri ixKilnly XP««^- 
a Yi. iviiii=b'a. Arialoileiajj that vpind Plerisqup leiicographis fst lieiha gilh ; Sclire- 

arises from vajioi trading upwards. L. veliuj vult caie nigeilani, el lic dici a loiis de- 

4 So Lat. re — , for, retro ; por— , fur, porrn ; core ; Kircher •eilil, rosani. In Tersiuoe ad- 
pra— , for, prscer; &c. junctfi Bibl. Angl. reddilnr rltla. Ila JMn 

5 Fr. ?^D/uu fut. i( hioiiiu, L. iranstiilJt Olympiudocus obvct hiaSiiuav, tout- 
C A cullection of Bowers, and nietapliori- int, ivaS^KTiv, rcposlloriuiD. Kobilius piitat 

mITj, of poemi. Fr. TJja, lego, colligo. ligaificiui id qaod oinamenli causl adjungitur,' 

7 'MirsetojilAwnuiMnatora; quod asuiamo Biel. 

fiore iocipit, quum celeiie omnes, que particu- >-«dJ^BB 

^A^eot, eoc : 

a flower; 

; frequently 

a metaphoric 

:al sense. 

— Fr. fii-flw. 


. Siyu; that wb 

ich is on 

1 the Burface 

ANe 27 

the stalk or fruit of the daffodil 

'AvOias, gv, 6: 'a sort of fish, so 
called perhaps from its flower-like 
scales/ J. — See Avdos 
"AvOos : see before k^BefiU 
"AvQpa^y aicos, 6: a burning coal, 
carbo; cinders, ashes; a carbuncle. 
— ^AvBpor (fr, Aydepov) does not differ 
in sense from AvBos. Hence AyOpa^ is 
that which is in flower, or is remark- 
able for its bright-color'd flowers. It 
was therefore a suitable word to signi- 
fy a coal ignited, and having a green 
or ff orid color, L. 

'AvOpfiyii: a wasp or hornet. — Fr. 
iiyBpov, a flower, is iLfOpffyot, that 
which frequents flowers ; and hence 
iiydp^vri, L. 

'^Avdpttwos :' a man. — Hence phil- 
amthropjf^^^n love of mankind ; a mt«- 
anthrope,^* a hater of mankind ; an- 
thrapth-phagi,^^ man-eaters 

dr/a : trouble, griefs sadness. — ^A- 
vevde wvvov Kal Ai'iV,*^ Hom. Hence 
AyioSf sad : "Ai^c* Ana cara, ^sch. 

iiriapdi : causing trouble, trouble- 
some ; full of trouble or pain. — See 

aviefrvrai : Wess. proposes hv levv- 
rat. But Schw. observes : ' As the 
Latins say not only sarcio, but re-sar- 
cio; and not only medeor, but re- 
medio and re-medior; so the Greeks 
might say not only lao/iat, but also 
dv-ido/iai, lonic^ av-iiofiai ' 
dv-iXXcii. The same as kv^tCKiw 
*'Avui without, sine. — A dialectic 
form of &vev, Br. 
"Avitrov : the herb anise 
*Apvt(3iSti : I favor Annibal 
Ay^aia or ityowaia. Some suppose 
this word to mean a kind of eagle. 
Some suppose it a neuter plural, fr. 
&¥ and 6ww, (wh. onrofiai) I see ; and 
to mean, invisibly. Some take it for, 
up the chimney, &va rijy oT^y r^v iv 
lUa^ rfls opofffs. Others for, without 
speech, dumb ; fr. &y and oip, owds. 


voice. * There are so many discrepant 
opinions that it is scarcely possible to 
determine any thing about it. Be- 
sides, the word \ifie\f is much suspect- 
ed,' L. 

'ANTl :'^ against. It is perpetually 
used of one thing set or placed 
AGAINST another, by way of ex- 
change, compensation, or equivalence. 
— Heuce ant-arctic f anti-doii,^^ onH* 
pode$,^^ anti'thetieal*^ 

"Arra : before ; as, before the face ; 
similarly to, as being set before or 
against. — From the same root as &prl 
and Lat. ante 

iLvraKdios : some very large flsh. — 
Krirea re /leyiiAa Av-wcavda, ra &rro- 
Kalovs KokiovfTi, Herod. ; Large whales 
without a spine which they call anto- 
C€et. Had it been Avamitof, it might 
be derived fir. &y and dr^, spina. But 
it is a Scythian word 

*Avr<aci) : I go or am against or be- 
fore the face of; I come up to; I 
meet; meet with, hit against, hght 
on, obtain ; I go before another as a 
suppliant, I supplicate. — Fr. AvW 

ayriKpif and Avriicpvi :'' before ; be^ 
fore the presence of another, openly ; 
against, ex adverso. — ^£. derives di^rc- 
Kpv in one place fr. iiyTi'Kapv, i. e. 
avri'wpotriavoy, in another fr. Ain- 
Kpov^^ Bl. 

•"Avriov : a weaver's beam 

*Avrio\e^oixai : I am as effeminate 
as an inhabitant of Antioch 

Ay-riTos : retributory. — ^For &v^-n*- 
ros or kvTL'Tirosy fr. r^irai pp. of riu- 

Ai^rc-xeip : the thumb. — ' Quasi .ma- 
nus altera, says Macrob. According 
to Galen, because it is equivalent to 
the other four fingers. In Lat. it may 
be called pro-manus. * Polliex Moo* is 
called, a 'pollendo.' But others think 
kvn-xeip is so called from being set 
opposite to the other fingers,' St. See 

Ay'r'Xos : a sink ; * undarum coUu- 

9 See iSpki, Ovid is perpetaally quoted 
on this word : ' Pronaque qumn spectent ani- 
malia cetera terras, Os horaini sublime dedit. 
CQclumque taeri Jossit, et erectos ad sidera tol- 
lere Taltas.' 

10 From ^i\4», I love. 

11 From fiurdvy I hate. 

12 From ^yw, I eat. 

IS Without labor and trouble. 

14 Dative of tiys, fr. iyd» 'A^h has the idea 

of antecedent time. Hence iivri is, ante, pro; 
and, like ' pro,' acquired the notion of com- 
parison and opposition, L. 

15 Fr. S^orou pp. of HSco, do. 

16 Fr. vohs, troths, pes, pedis. 

17 Fr. riBertu pp. of oiw, I place. - 

18 The distinction, which the GrammariSfis 
draw between these two words, I consider not 
to exist, Bl. 


ANT 21 

vies,' Heyiie. — Fr. «*« and rX^/n, wii. 
abo orXot, L. 'Avt\o$ is ihar which is 
drawn up, impure water, dirt to be 
dnwn off, wh. avrXia, ao inslniment 
raising up iirrXoi', S. 'Air-ayrXeui, en- 
huurio, delrflho; propria dicliiin <le 
8t]u& per sentinam ixanltattd&, Bl.'^ 
* SeH de valle brevi Ctirva kboratas 
antUa tollit a<]ua3,' Marl, tlenuu ' ex- 
anllare I a bores' 

'Afrpnf : antrum, a cave 

&V-TI1S, vyot, >! : For Ara-rii, fr, 
TUKa=T€uyu, Iniake or frame. IJeace 
iv-TvC means, a ItiiDg tnude on asuin- 
mit or on an upper pan or above ; 
wh. specially it means, the cireutnfc- 
rence of heaven, tlie upper circumfe- 
rence of a chariol, the plaiu convex 
of a shield, &c., L." 

"Afu, aviiu and ivtiria: I finisli ; 
effect; I dispatch, kill.— -Fr. the same 
root as ava.' I. e. I carry a thing lo 
the head or top ; or I carry through 

Ayiiaayrts (ppovriaaiiifv is not, Let 
UB studiously ot diligently ihiuk of 
this, as it is commonly traniilBled ; 
but. Let us think of this as quickly as 
possible ; Dindorf on ArUtoph. A- 
charo. 71 

"Arar: upwards. See after fiv5i]~ 

'Ariiyiii : 1 order, command, ex- 
hort. — ^Avttiya, from its signification, 
appears to be reluted lo avitaau, fm. 
2. avayi, perf, fivioya.'^ 'Avaaaiftfo 
in tlie sense of ordering is quoted 
by Hes. From ^yuya probably arose 
aruyiii, M. See nvo^ 

'A£('vf| ; an axe or hatchet. — Fr. afm, 
fut. of ai-u, I break, Vk.^ 

"Afioi : weighed, estimated ; judgetl 
worthy of being valued ; of equal 
worth with, equivalent; equivalent to, 
or inferior lo, the price paid. — Fr. fi^" 
ful. of &yv, I wei^h, estimate; and 
heoce said of things either vile or pre- 
cious, L. From a£,i6ui, pp. aS,[aifiai, 

are axioms of prudence, &c., i. e, 

19 Who observes on^sch.Th, 797 : • Urbs 
non ad bj)uiuii cxantlandam cedacta eit : i. e. 
aqnun nun adnibil. Hue reclius ciedo quam 
iirKay pio ESuji pa»tuin inleliigece.' 

80 'AvTwyfi, qua BelJRm cunilem BUPEBNs 
•Bibianl. Ell fciTuf oibiculus summs curuli 

is addilui, eamque cingena i led proprie 
Uuneu ejus Facumtin iiliquod eDiinentiua ei sn. 
kriore pwle, vtl, geminum ad utriuuquc latus, 
' ' " siilcre cutium opoitetcl, habenK cii- 

; ASn 

precepts judged worthy of universal 

'A^uiy, oyos, : axis, the axle of a 
wheel; orbis, orbita, track of a wheel; 
axis of the world. — Fr, ti£(j fui, of 
Hyuii i. e. qui multa vebil vel vakle 
agil. L. 

"AEoyfs: planks or tablets on which 
the laws of Solon were engraved, — 
Allied perhaps is Lai. axis; ' Leges 
Solonis axibus ligneis incisse,' Gelhus 

AoSnt: a servant of the priests who 
was employed in striking the victims. 
— 9p&aey i' uoiutt jrariip f4£r' tvjfiiy 
&c., £scb. This word is written also 
fio^Di, aud is possibly the same as ioa- 
aos alljed to &aauia. So ' a^is' and 
' assis,' ' axeres' and ' asseres' are in- 

'Aoihis : a minstrel. — Fr. &uiha pro. 

'A-uWIis : collected or crowded to- 
gether. — Fr, i'Mui^uXui, volvo. Coii- 
volutus, conglo1>4tu3 

'Aoyi&ts: ibe Muses, as Id ha biting 
Helicon, a mountain of Aonia. 'That 
with no middle flight intends to soar 
Above t\i' j4onian uiounl,' Milton 

'Aop, and avp, pas, to : a sword, — 
Fr. aopa pm.of aci'pu, 1 raise up, EM,'*' 
'Aop uopTo, the sword had been raised 

'''Aop, pot, ii: a kind of tripod. — 
Perhaps fr. anpa. See above. ' A tri- 
pod having ears by which it may be 
RAISED,' Schol. on Hom. 

'Aopri):' the great artery, — 'The 
left ventricle of the heart doth receive 
that blood, that is brought into it by 
the arteria venosa of tlie lungs ; and 
haviug retained it a little, it doth con- 
veniently pass a due proportion there- 
of into the aorta,' Smith 

'Aoprvp, ill that which raises up, or 
receives that which is raised up, a 
suspender ; a thong, a bell.— Fr. 6op- 
TBI pp. of ddpu) formed fr. aopa pm. of 
heipv. 'Aopriip Hopos, the belt of a sword 

cuniligati posscni, TH. 
1 Compare Slu and Sid. 

3 CompBre Apifya, ipaiyis. 

S L. derives it fr. a and fl«i=^ta. 

4 S, derives it ttom K», 1 stiine. ' MicU 

G Ab ioprii all a6pu^^pai. Sc. que lan- 
goiiwin cicitatum a coide pmtim iccipit, par- 
lim veluU excilal, el ad leliquu curporii pulet 




&-off9)^w : I hear^ attend to the ? oice 
of auother; wait, atteod on; help. 
— Fr. o^au, a voice 

iiirAbis I a word occurring in Pin- 
dar. * This word seems to be corrupt, 
though it may be said to be put for 
aicdbiasm It would thus, I presume, 
be derived from j(&<, ^^-^if , of which 
we know nothing. The metre rejects 
wpawlhcu, though the Schol. explains 
it by hia-^yoiat. Panw supposes that 
ifarof or fru might have b^n an equi- 
valent word to ^irap, and conjectures 
iLwahoM or krihas; rightly, in my opi- 
nion, except that it should be written 
awibat in the Doric pronunciation. 
Nor does vpairlies seem to have any 
other origin than that they were irapa 
ras iuwlhoM. The Aldine has cXir/^t,' 
Heyne. 'EXtiSos is read by Boeck 

'AFEO^ c^r*, d^* before an aspirate ; 
and aTcaXi^ from. * 'Ato generally 
shows a removal ; as, he jumped to 
the ground &iro, from, his horses. Some- 
times kwQ is put with the measure of 
the removal or distance, instead of 
with the place from which the dis- 
tance is expressed : diro tnahlkikv 6kt» 
(eight stadia from) the sea. Hence 
also, to fight diro, from, horses ; i. e. 
on liorse-back ; because the direction 
of the action is from one place to ano- 
ther. To be from supper, i. e. to 
have done supper. From hopes, i. e. 
uot as they hoped. Far from the 
mark. From this is derived the sense 
in whiefa it signifies an extraction, de- 
rivation, origin, beginning; which, 
strictly speaking, seems to be founded 
on a removal from. Thus, ci^* itnt^- 
pas, a vesperl^, beginning with the 
evening; to drink from the day, as in 
Latin * de die ;* those from the portico, 
horn the Academy ; i. e. the Stoics, 
Acadeiaics ; the parts from the mo- 
ther ; i. e. on the mother's side ; an 
ox from Pieria, as * Pastor ab Am- 
phryso,' Virg. for, Amphrysius. Hence 
it stands before names of tools, parts 
of the human body, members, whose 
effects may be considered as proceed- 
ing from them ; as, he killed diro, by 
means of, a silver bow ; round as diro, 

by, a turner's wheel. Similariy, to 
live diro, upon, plunder ; where plun- 
der is the means of living. Thus also, 
that from yon, i. e. your opinion. 
Hence it is also put with words which 
signify a quality of the mind, an in- 
terest from which an action is pro- 
duced ; as, from a love of justice; 
firom hope ; from oneVself, i. e. from 
one*s own inclination, of one's-self ; 
from no crafty intention. Hence diro 
is put with an ad,}ective, (although the 
proper reference does uot take place) 
for a dative or adverb ; thus, from 
ihe manifest, i. e. manifestly, openly. 
*Airo also is used with the same re- 
ference in snch a sentence as. It was 
determined dird, by, the council ; since 
the council was the origin of the de- 
termination. So, having their own 
laws diro, according to, the alliance ; 
to be appointed archons diro, by, 
beans : i. e. by means of the ballot 
by beans ; a constitution in which the 
governors are chosen diro, according 
to, their circumstances ; the fear from 
the enemy, i. e. which is caused by 
the enemy. Hence diro often signifies, 
on account of. Hence too diro is some- 
times put with persons who effect any 
thing; as, A great enquiry was made 
diro, by, them,* M. Those diro, fronr, 
instruction ; i. e. who have come firom 
instruction, the learned. — Fr. dir' is 
Lat. ab. Fr. diro .is nqfo-staie, (fr. 
iffrarat pp. of <rrdii», otQ, wh. sto,) one 
who stands off from his former opi- 
nions ; &c. 

diraXof! sofi, d/iaXof; tender. 'Aira- 
\ds dxre<r6af, soft to touch, soft to the 

d-ira{: altogether, with one col- 
lected impetus, at once ; once, only 
once. — Fr. the same root as S-irai, 
i. e. fr. Tat, L. Hence dira^irot, 
all at once, all together 

'Air-afirla: the furniture or bag- 
gage (r&y aiT'aipoyTUfv) of those who 
are travelling, St. — From ^prai, pp. 
of aipu 

"A-vas: all together; all. — Fr. &fia 
and iras 

awarri I fraud, deception. — Perhaps 

6 Fr. Sir«, wh. &irr», apto, I join. Its pri- with it ; as in some measure appears in the 
mary meaning seems to refer to one thing being phrase ol &irb oroas, L. 
nearlj removed from another, and joining un 


AHA ; 

fr. a for an-o ; and iraros, a path. A 
leading away from the palli 

aKaToiipta, uv: a particular feslival. 
— • Fr, aTrarij. Jt was iiislituted in 
memory of a slratageni, by which 
Melaiilhiua, the Athenian king, over- 
came Xanthius, king of BtGulia. Id 
memory of this, Jupiler waa called 
dirar-^i-up,' the Deceiver of men. O- 
IheTs tbink it was so called, as if it 
were o/io-jraroipia, because al thia fes- 
tival children accompanied their fa- 
thers, that their names might be en- 
tered in the public registers,' Rob. 

ajT-ailpu,' -paui : I take away, de- 
prive. — -'A^^w Oupiiy awt]upa,'° Hom. 

aTT-avpaoi: I derive evil from." — 
UokkoKib,) iiifi-waaa-Tikii Kanod ai-hpii 
BT-jjvpa," Hesiod 

raw. — I'r. &fa p. of fixTdi, uecto, irre- 
tio, L. 

'Air-eiX^w:" I roll, involve, as in 
distresses ; I roll my eyes, look at auo- 
ther with rolling and distorted eyes, 
look indignant, threaten, disda' 

' Talia 


s allied. 


aversa luetur. Hue illuc volvens 
OCULOS,' &c. Virg. — Y.t\u,~eiXiui, e\- 
Xu, iK\u, &c. all proceed fr. c\a or 
\\u, L. The radical of eXaina is 
Skai ; which, besides eXaut and eXoii^w, 
admits the forms eWu, ciKu, ei\4u, 
i\Xw, I bring together, compel, drive 
into a corner. Henc 
"AXu, IKa, 'iXw, S\(i> 
See &\u 

'Air-eAXw, uvr-iXXiu : I exclude. — 
See &ir-eiXJiif. EiWtu or i\Xu is, I 
involve, surround, shut up 

'dir-^ojoc orir-^KEiJuv: Ihey cut 
off, made to fall. Sec Iti^e 

'Air-t\Kai : a place inclosed, a fane, 
place of assembly, &c. — Fr. eXXw, t 
shut, L. See aT-eiXim and ujt-e/XXui 

'AireXka^iii : 1 hold a meeting or 
speak in a place of assembly.^Per- 

8 From hi^p, a man. 
g Identified by M. 

10 Ue look away the 

11 Coiap. iwaipti 
18 A whole cily 1 

r'oiipat. See 
or life ttom 

s oflen got evit from i 

IS Comp. ir-tikiu, nnd ir-ltttju. 
14 Having come Erom Pjlos from sfiu frcm 
ibo Apian land. 

or wound. — Fr. 
From n-eXw or ireXa- 
Lch you would not ap- 

haps fr. iireWai 

^eXuE, livid, L, 
£«,. That H 
p roach, E. 

aiT-ijrw: I leave off speaking through 
fainlness; I faiut or am exhausted ; I 
say no, refuse, renounce. — See Itw. 
Comp. ' de ' in ' desuetus,' and ' ab' 
in ' abnuo' 

a-TTEp : i.e. Kad' fi-jrep, fr. Sa-vep; 
according lo the manner according to 
wbich ; in the same manner as 

iir-ipatris : vomiliug by means of 
an emelic. — Properly a drawing offer 
away, a voiding. See bi-^lpa/xa 

airiiyji: a cart or waggon, specially 
joined to mules. — Fr. airussciirrtii, I 
join, I.. Hfij is a feminine termina- 
tion, as in fipiinj, ofX^vij, 'Awliyi 
iarlv apiia e£ Jj^i-oiui. ^evvSey, Schol. 

djr-iji'^s: refusing tbe reins, effrse- 
nia, intractable, lierce, ferocious, bva- 
I'li'iot. — Fr. the same root as ^v/a, arein 

airi'o: tbe Apian land, the Pelo- 
ponnesus. 'Ejc ITuXou iXdiiy TqXofiev 
e£ 'Am'ijs yaitt,'* Hom. So called, 
says the Schol., from ^pis, the sod of 
Phoroneus. But in Od. O. IS. &,rtat'' 
is applied lo any distant country. It 
is derived by Dm. fr. a>ri,'« afar off 

'A;r-AXiu: see nTr-eiXXui 

i'Artos I a pear-tree, pirus 

'AjrXoDt, aTrkois -. simple, plain; 
uncorrupled ; candid, sincere. — Fr. 
a, not, and wiTtXoa pm. of wXiu, wfa. 
jrXiKu, pkcto, plico, L. M.'' So ' sim- 
plex 'is 'sine plicis.' IIXooi appears 
elsewhere, as in hi-irXioi. 'AirXdojr eq! 
inrXoDs, simple and double. Fr. Bt- 
TTEirXui/iai pp. of bi-vXota, I double, is 

'AirXai : shoes having a simple or 
single sole.— Plur. fem. of drX.W 

IS See the passage quoted on niXiytras. 
IG Citafpait Ttpurahs ir, rfpl. 
17 Tbe nspirale somewbal oppose* tliis de- 
rivBtion. Some suppose a to maik unity, and 

of Wau, I am. 

IH Alellei or 
vilpge, so called b 

AHA 91 

irXa^ta, I make to wander, the a being 
pleonastic or intensitive. Lex. Ms. 
avXdiCTffia €K tov irXiKi^f irXaKia, tXcc* 
Kfffia/ Bl. 

"A-irXerof : which cannot be filled, 
vast, immense. — Fr. ir^rXerac pp. of 
irXia, wh. impleo, repleo 

'ATIO: see after dira^is 

hiro'hiO'VOfiiroviiai : ' I send away and 
purge away crimes ; fr. hio¥ (the skin 
of the sacrifice slain Att, to Jove ; on 
which they stood and were purified) 
and wifivofjiat,* Phrynichus. * Its pro- 
per meaning is, I avert or expiate a 
crime or prodigy ; as the Attics say 
&yos iLiro'irifJLxl/affdai. And, as this ex- 
piation was performed with lustrations, 
it means, I purify. Writers not so 
ancient use it metaphorically for, I re- 
ject, cast ojf, throw away any thing,' 

iiTTcif^f fut. -iptria : I make ano- 
ther go to ruin, destroy. — -EvBa fie 
KVfi* &x6'€pffef Horn. 

inrd-^etrros : laid aside, neglected. 
— Fr. riOeartti pp. of a^w,'*' like Oc- 
trfjidt fr. riOetr/Aai 

iiir(HKorral3iSta : I dash out of a cup 
with a noise. — Fr. KSrrafios 

aro-Kplyofjiat : I answer. — Fr. Kplyu ; 
but the application is not clear. Val. 
understands it of one speaker being 
discriminated from another. J. of re- 
plying after deliberating. It might 
possibly have been derived from an- 
swering accusations of condemnation: 
* I defend myself, clear myself from a 
charge ; the same as diro-Xoyov/^iac. 
Oiikp &inHKpiyp tI oSroi trov Kara^fiap' 
Tvpo^n ; NT., Do you answer nothing 
to what they accuse you of 1' Schl. 

aw6'K(H>Tos: grating, harsh, rough. 
— Fr. Kporos. Comp. Lat. * ab-sonus' 

&iro'Knvv6ta : I 8lay.*° — Compare 
Krivr^ or Krlvvt^ with Krelvta 

&iro-'Xa{na : See \avta 

iivo'\i0&S(o : I go off. — Ovic AxoXi- 
(ia^eis, i kclkiot awoXov/aevos ; Ari- 

diro-Xoy^o/iai : I speak in my de- 
fence, defend or excuse myself. — Fr. 
X6yos. Hence apology 

iiiro-/jLaybaXla : a piece of bread on 

19 Or compare iro\^0€<rros, 

20 Comp. }an»ranf{m, fr. iuro^rlct* 
1 Soid. and £. eiplain iiw€wMpi^a by M" 

TopSor also, Br. 


which \he ancients wiped their hands 
after dinner, and then threw it to the 
dogs, £. — From paaina, (as iLfivyhaXia 
fr. oLfjvirtria) I wipe 

inro-fiaraiSio : inanem crepitum 
emitto, pedo. — A fi&raios 

iiiro-'irvbapl^ti I I kick. — TivhaplSkf 
is for irohapiS^, as ovvjta for oyofjiaf 
EM." From "wopm, iroh6$, peSf pedis 

diro-irvW^M. Ev-^pitfv ye 0al;ia r&- 
iroTvriSei kclX&s, Aristoph. * Boni co- 
lons est sanguis et pulchr^ pro- 
flu it,' Br. From wrlSto is the Lat. 
pyiitma^ spittle : * Qui Lacedaemo- 
nium pytismate lubricat orbem,' Jnv. 
'Airo-irvr/^6i is probably, fluo tan- 
quam pytisnut ; and is perhaps allied 
to irrvtf=ir£rvitf, wh. pitvita. It u 
used also for, I reject, * re-spuo,' like 

it'tropitt : I have no means of pass- 
ing over ; and, applied to the mind, 
I know not how to get over or pass 
out of my intricacies, I am perplexed^ 
in difiidulties. — Fr. irdpos 

twos, €os : weariness. — Identified 
by some writers with aIiro< (any thing 
high, steep, arduous) fr. alxvs, Aliros* 
K&fiaros, ^ v\l/fiXbs rorrof, Hes, Kal 
Tvev/i* &BpoiaoVp anos ^ic-/3aXiiiy ohov^ 

hv&^oKapliia : I leap, jump, palpi- 
tate, pant. — Yr.iffKapov a. 2. ofoica/pw 

* kiro'TiBpaKev : has mutilated. ' It 
is probable that Aristoph. used the 
word in joke, in allusion to the word 
Opffcer,' Br. See dpaaaut 

'Aird-rofios : cut off, ab-rupt, bro- 
ken, rugged. — Fr. rirofia pm. of 

iiiro'Tpori&Sta: I turn off or avert pu- 
nishment by expiation. 'Airo-rp^irM r^ 
^avXov, Hes. — Fr. rirpoira pm. ofrphrut 

inr-ctipas: having taken away. — 
"Exropt Ovftov iiTrovpas,^ Hom. ' From 
oipos=Spos, a limit; wh. iiW'OvplSta, 
aji'oplSia. 'Afr-oi/f)** is properly, I 
SEPARATE by determining a boun- 
dary,' M. *Airovpas is thus the a. 1* 
participle of iivovpta 

awo'ippabes fifiipai : profane, unhal- 
lowed, inauspicious days. * Days on 
which they offer libations to the dead ; 

2 And collect your breath, having cast off 
the weariness arising from yonr journey. 

3 Haying taken away the breath or life from 


AnO 32 

or wliicli are unfit for work,' Tim. — 
Fr. x^aSa pni. uf ^paSoi, 1 sp«ak. 
So in Lalin ' ne-fandus' 

ajTu-xpi : il is sufficient. — I. e., it is 
far from want, there is no wunl. See 


A.iro-}ffivfiai : I have done making 
use of any tiling, 1 use no fnrlber. 
Used olso'in the sense of Lat. ' ab- 
ulor,' I abuse.— Fr. jjpdo/ioi 

'A;rjrairai nairal rairaia^ : an encla- 
niatioii of wonder or admiratiaa. 
Hence Lat. papie 

'AiTTat : Ihe same as jroirTni, papa, 

a-7rplj. ii'Trpiyba ; SO tenaciously 
that there is no poaaibility of cutting 
off. — Fr. rpiSui^rplai 

a-wporr-iinyvuoi : not to the pur- 
pose. — Fr. iiofuwoi, Bacchus. The 
first Mibject of Ihe tragic compositions 
of the Greeks was Ihe praise of Bac- 
chus. ' When Phrynichns and ^Es- 
chvlus,' tays Plutarttb, ' first turned 
ibe subject of tragedy lo fahles and 
doleful stories, the people said, Wliat 

s this 



"Anruf, flit. (&7rTiTa^) &\im '. I fit, 
adapt, connect, lie, bind. — Hence 
aptOf aptnt, adapt. ' Axem stellis 
ardenlibus aptum,' Virg. 

'XTTOfiat : I connect or attach my- 
self to any tiling, I touch, come in con- 
tact with, tasle ; lay hold of, take in 
hand, undertake. — Fr. Atttoi 

£iTw, when said of a lamp, ts 
used for lighting it, i.e. touching the 
lamp with fire, iriipJ being understood. 
Thiia the Latins said, 'de coelo tac- 
TDS.' And Pope: 'Who touched 
Isaiah's Imllowed lips with FIRE,' 
Ormston compares * touchwood' 

kiriiii} : 1 pronounce, call out. — S. 
compares il with iirio. i. derives 
it, under the idea of pronouncing the 
name of father, fr. Heb. ab. See 
fiuTTOi. ToCr' fffOt awiiuv, Mscb. 

'Airipis : father. — As Sxirn, iraTrra, 

lalioD of the inarticulate sounds ad- 

4 ■ Thej err who lliind Ihat ipu 
fleied only in in terra |iilion!, wh 

Ipng, although there ii no 
OB tli* coDlnry, fipo, -"''' 

dressed by little children lo their pa- 
rents, so is itrijiit, L. 

'Apbi, fut. Apa : I adapt, fit, join, 
connect; fit oul, dispose, put in or- 
der, get ready, prepare. — Fr. aprai 
pp. are arlat, a liuib or joint; arft- 
eulus, &c. and fr. Hp/iai or 5pfiai is 
&Plioyln, harmony, a proper conneiiioD 
and adaptation of the diflcrent parls 
of any ihtng 

"Apa : a particle, which is employed 
in reasoning, and connects the con- 
sequent with the antecedent ; there- 
fore ; because ; that is to say, nimt- 
ruTo J forsooth. — Fr. opu, I connect 

'Apa: Hoog. observes thai Spa is 
frequently placed out of order. Thus 
Homer : * Knowing Ihat alie was a 
weak goddess, and not one of those 
goddesses who preside over human 
war, nor (oKr'np') Minerva, uor Bello- 
na:' i. e. Diomed knew that Venus 
was weak, nor one of ihoae, &e. ; but 
Minerva and Bellona were warlike; 
THEKEFORB he knew she was not 
Minei-va or Bellona. So again: '1 
boasi of being descended from Jupi- 
ter; Peleus the son nf £acus pro- 
duced me; and :£acus (6 S' dp') wu 
from Jove:' I. c. P<^k'us produced 
me; ^ncusPeleus; Jupiier jSacos; 
THEBEFOHE I am from Jupiter 

^Ap«:* whether Iheni ergoneT niim 
igilurT num. whether? — See dps 

'Apa :^ a prayer, preces ; impreca> 
tinn ; imprecation of evil ; evil, mis- 
chief. — 'Apcri apdrai iraiaiv,'' Curip. 
'Apcu Kaxat ijpaTo,^ Soph. 

apaaaui, £u : 1 beat sgaiust, ihnmp, 
bamuier, stiike. — Compare paoam. 
Hence perhaps the river Araau, in 

Toil apaaaetv ri; Djurijn tob peiifitmt, 
E. Xpda re pij^w avy t iari' ttp&Sfi, 

apafloi-. noise, clalter. — L. d«rivei 
il fr. the same root as hp&aau. 'Apia- 
auv iroW^ dpii/3y, Beating with much 

ipahoiX a beating of the pulse. — 
Fr. the same root as apaaav, L. 

5 'A/i4 is nolliJng but aptj »erl»ruin com- 
preliensia et concluaio ; from Spa, L. 

He iiuprec&les iinprecBliuiii on his cliil- 

7 He imprecMed bail iiuprsialioiu. 

S I wiU bruiie bii ikin, ud beat hit bancs. 


Spends : rare/ thin ; light ; slender, ^py^t : idle, inactive* sloggisli, use- 
narrow ; weak. — ^Perhaps from fialti less. — For d-cpyof fr. Ipyov. Hence 
=|E^w/wb. some derive Lat. rarus, some der]vei!e<A-arg;y, traced by others 
as ' nums' fr. yvm. "Apovpa iifmth, to &py6s, active ; or to ipyov 
light soil iipyot : active, nimble, swift. — For 

iipdaata : See before &pafios &-epyo£ fr. ipyov. Here a is intensi- 

'Apaxi^i?:^ a spider. — ^Hence tfranea. tive. Hence the dog Argus: 'So 

See the ftiblc of Arachne in Ovid clos'd for ever faithful Argu%* eyes,' 

hp^iXil :'° a shoe. — Aevrov *i\vos Pope. Hence Diodorus derives the 

iipfivXfIs n^tfire," Eurip. ship Argo 

&pya\ios: troublesome; difficult. '^Apyvpos: argenium, silver. — Fr. 

— Perhaps for a-epyaXios, fr. epyov. iLpyds. The white metal 

One who causes much labor and *Apyvp-ayxn' * the silver quinsy 

trouble. Homer has iipyaXios x^^o$ ascribed to Demosthenes, a play on 

and K&fjtarost and *ApyaX^c yap 'OAv/if- w>'-Ayx»?/ J. — See &yx» 

wtos iLvrt^fipeoQai^^ 'Apyvpis^ Ihos, it : a silver phial. — 

'Apyofi : white, clear. — Hence ar- Fr. Apyvpot 

gentum, argtnt, argilla dpy-v0eos : of white texture. Ap^ 

ipyas. ^chylus represents the plieid also incorrectly to any thing 

SODS of Atreus under the character of white. — Fr. itpyos and vi^aia 

two eagl^ : Bovptoi opyig, oiwvQy fla" * 'ApSaXSut : I make dirty, defile 

(TiXevt, 6 areXdcros, 6 r* ii-oiriv &py&s, ^ &pbriy : by raising up ; also, by tak- 

An impetuous bird, the king of birds, ing away and removing, by a violent 

the one black, the other white be- seizure, ayaiperiKws, — Fr. &prai pp. 

hind. (See iipy6s.) Possibly this may of aipto.^^ See avibtiy 

he the meaning of the same word in &phis,^^ los, i) : the point or head of 

£schines ; but Harpocration informs an arrow ; a point or edge. — Hence 

us that some understood it of a ser- St. derives the French dard, wh. a 

pent, others of a dragon dart. KeXevei rdyras J^das Apbiy 

ikpyk-Xw^i refuse. — * A top or end ^Kaaroy filify Airo row oiarw ico/n/o-ai,*® 

that is useless,' J. From apyos and Herod. 

Xo^. OWoi fi^y htipo-ioKovviy Kara &pbiit, ffot : I water, bedew.-^' Fr. 

veyriiKovTa r&Xayra *Aw6 rdy iroXewv &p«a,^'' I. e. I repair, refresh/ L. 'H 

. • • 2)v ^ rrjs &px^< Ayair^s rfit afjs &e, ewel re inr-lKero iwl riy irorafioy, 

Tovs iL^tK6fmfs »€pi-rp^y«K," Aris- ijp^re roy «iriroi»,'* Herod, 

toph. 'Ape/ftiy: better. — ^The superlative 

"Apyefioy : albugo oculi, a white is dpiaros^ best ; wh. apiffro-Kpaxh,^^ 

speck on the eye. — Fr. &pyos aristocracy ^ the government of. the 

"ApycXof, ^iXXof, jy : clay, argilla. BESTin rank, imperiumopTiMATtJM. 

— ^Fr. &pyiS(. White earth See &pris 

6f^fjia, arm : the beginning ; the ^ApivKw : I adapt or accommodate 

first offerings, the first fruits. — Fr. myself to others, make myself useful 

ipyfiai pp. of dpx^ ^' agreeable. — Fr. iipi(r(o fut. of dput 

*ApyoX<£tf: I take the side of the [or ap^w], M. The termination aKut 

inhabitants of Argolis denotes a repeated action, Bl. 

•Apyof : white. See before Apyas Aper^ : virtue ; perfection, excel- 

9 '"Axyv ^^* lanugo tenuiasiiua et quasi from the cities . . . but you are contented with 
flos lanse in supeTficie pellis animalis. £t Afw gnawing the very refii»e of ytrar dominion. 

est, adapto. Est igitur itpdx^^s, araneas, qui 14 Bl. is doubtless wrong in deducing Ap^tiy 

adaptat fila tnstarlannginis tenuia/ L. fr. &c{pw, which produces it4p^v, 

10 * TXoj proprie Dorica est diminutiTorum 16 Possibly fr. Afw, That which is jdtvt^D 
forma. (See ofu^Xof.) Unde hp06\cu propter or tittbd to the shaft of* a spear. ■■'■'■ -^ 
habilera levitatem dictae, genus expeditum cal- 16 He orders all the Scythians to bear eteir 
eel yenatorii/ TH. ' of thcra one head from the arrow. ' "''{ ^ 

11 Make a slight trace of your shoe. 17 Comp. IX9o9 (fr. t^M), and itfjc4pffv, 

12 For Olympian (Jove) is difficult to op- 18 And she, when she >caint» to tfle ri*^r, 


watered the horse. ' . ' ^'* ''"^' 

IS These extort money by fifties of talents 19 From Kpcfr4ct>, I goTcrn. 


lence ; of the person, b«aulj' ; ofllie 
bodj, heallh; of the dinposilion, ge- 
nernsilj, bravery. — ' Tern, of itpervs 
fr. apiiii=/ipu. Hence dpcr'i is FITTED 
for use; whetiee ihe goodness of 
things is so cnlled,' L. It maj' have 
meant, the perfect ADAPTATION or 
APTiTDDE of any thing to its object 
or to the [iid proposed."" St. derives 
it fr. Bpijt, eot, as ' virlus' fr. ' vtr.' 

Xaipe, jrdrep, xa'rfl' auOl' titov i' ape- 
T((v r" a^troy rt, OBr" Aptr^i fir»p 
ilAiSo* iirlOTaTai Svipas aH^eiv, OCr' 
Aptn) aipifato- iliou 6' aper^y re nal 
oX^ay,' Callim. 

aptrabi: I lentl or am led fo exc*l- 
lence, perfection, or eminence. — Fr. 

Ap^yw,* £w : 1 assist, defend ; drive 
off. defehdo.— 'O /lif Tpiconiv, A f 
'Apytlotoiv hpliyav, Horn, 'Hi ^prirpr) 

"W.' S- ^ems ; and opt, g. ipvbs, 
i, ii: a lamb. — Oiarrv Spv' Srepoe X«tr- 
Koy, hiptjv a lieXatvav,* Horn. 

'Apijj, EOJ, o: Mars; war; blood- 
shed. — H«nce ipfluiv, better; courage 
■nd braverj being; ancientljr cnnsi- 
dered the best qualities. So the La- 
tins said ' virtus' from ' vir.' Hence 
also the court of Areo-pagua, (fr. ir&- 
yoi, a hill) or the court which met on 
Mars'-Hill near Athens 

'Ap8]i(is '. connexion, coherence, 
agreement, friendship.— Fr. upflqj/ a. 
t.p. of Spu 

'Apflpov : a join t, limb, or siaew. — Fr. 
fifiSqva. I.p.offipu.wh. artuf. Henee 
Bfthritic pains' 

90 ■ By the Apcrai of God,' sayi Biel, ' tlie 
L\X. uadouhlcdl; understand, hia peifpclioni 
Kiid properliei (proprietatcs).' Hci 



'A^i :° the same as cpr, vert. ' In 
augmeniative prefix 

'ApiOftos-J number.— H. aritkmttic 

'Apis, ifos, li : a workman'i instru- 
roeiil. — Perhaps fr. apu, paro, instruo, 

apiarepos; Unlucky; ill-boding, si- 
nister ; left. — Generally derived fr, 
fipiDTos, best ; by ibe same conver- 
sion of the sense which takes plate in 

'ApiaroF ; ' breakfast, (rather thou 
dinner, which is the version of th4 
translators), the first ^ meal which tbe 
ancients look in the morntT^,' Bl. — 
Pkh. derives il from ^ai, in the morn- 
ing, which is expressed in ihe Saxon 
by aer, wh. our tarli/. From ^pi may 
have arisen V'^"^, I take a morning 
meal, and (fr. pp. llpurrai) lipiuTBy and 

"Apioroi; best, — See apeliav 
f " ApKevdns, Il : a Juniper tree 
'ApKfai:" I am a defence to my- 
self or others; keep of! evils from 
myself or others, drive off, help; am 
secure, at ease, in quiet and content- 
ment ; I have sufficient; or 1 keep 
myself within bounds, as ' contentuf' 
fr. ' contM]eo.' These things ipttl 
fioi, are sufficient for me. Ouk ^pKtvi 
jiBt with an ittfinitivc. It did not sa- 
tisfy nie to act so.^Hence arced, 
wh. Varro derives urx, arch 

"ApKifis : sutScieot, competent, — 
Fr. kpKit^ 

"Aptros,'* o, fl: a bear; the con- 
siellalion of the Bear ; the north, the 
situation of thigcouslellalion. — H, the 

this Idfliog. and derives ths 
void fr. SpuTTQi pp. of an oliEnlele verb ^fi»ai 
kpia, I imprecate : ■ 'AfjuTTfp&i is laid of one 
impncBting { and lieni 
ful \ » senee eanly i 
- igh Ihe 1 




mrtti^mii wi^artUc cirtkt 

'AfMEi^Mipof: Areiurus, % itar in 
the tail of the Bear. — ^Fr. Uptcns and 
^^, a tail 

AfMnut 90St i ; aay tlikig which in- 
closes; a net. — Fr. dpi*^. Compare 
^o«. E. derives it fr. ^«ooc=s^tm, 
at a net specially for catching beabs 

^|Mrv-9roro» w: * the place in 
which nets are laid/ Pollux. — Fr. ^- 
K¥9 and Iffrar^u pp. of ^fi», #rvy wh. 
Lai. ^ 

"Amm, otos : a chariot. — Fr* Hp/Lcai 
pp. of 4ip«iv*i j^, I join; either froai 
tb^ tfonneaion of the different parts/' 
or from horses being attached to it. 
"Ivroffft ini2 fi^airi, Horn. 

"A/i/Ko, arot I a load, burden. — ^Pcr- 
feapslfir. the notion of a chariot-load. 
See above '^ 

6fif»Q\imi food.-r-r-Perhaps fr. ipfiai 
pp. of ifpw;:ap>^S^. That by which the 
body ia;»t«paiKd. 'A^aXiai^ ifi-niiyoy 
AfMTfdiaamro weri^ai,^^ Theocr. 

fiof, Earip. How I mourn you pe- 
rished in a mouniful strain with a 
barbarian accent. This signification 
ia TaiUMi&Ly»:ibut )niQt|o«ati»factorily, 
accounted for 

"Apfitms I fitted or adapted to. Fr. 
apfuu pi^ of 4^. To provide. ^ 
fiar$t ir&vra^ aU things adapted to 
one's use, wishes^ or need. ^'AppLt^a 
Ane. also the instruments of arl, as 
being fitted for aqy work or par- 
poae. And sails : as being fitted to 
the ship or to the purposes of sail- 
ing ; or as being raised, fr. &pfMi pp. 
of d^c# 

*AjifioIor A/>/iioI: just now, lately. 
— ^Fr. tkpitai pp. of ipwf X join. In 
jeference to that portion of past time 
which JOINS ON with the present 

^Apfi^ : compage^, a joining toge- 

Iher 09 naking eompmot. — Fr. %mu 
pp. of Ap^. H. orauM, the arm 

'Ap/ioyla: hatm»9^. — Seeil^ 

opi^io/iat: I deny; refuse. — Qtrw 
i* iwpaf/oif kqI rah* ovr &py^/ia«/^ 
£sch. Ovic ioT* ohik ioiKe rtov iwot 
i^ir^ffdvOai,^'' Horn. 

apyevrifp: a diver. — Fr* ^itr, 
lambs; which, when frisking about, 
leap with their hind feet, but bend 
down their heads to the ground. Dm. 
Some derive urin^, I dive, fir. &pv€vtt, 
I leap on the head like a LAMB, Fac. 

apyd^yXtatrtroy: a herb called lamb*s- 
tongue. — Fr. apt, g. 6pyos, and 

"Apyvftai:^^ I acquire, earn.*' — Cas. 
identifies the origin of Sipyvfiai and 
earn ; which Cr. compares with cSf»- 
yvfiQi, and the Frieilaodish umuMt to 

t "Apov : the herb wakerobiii 

'Afxjw, 6am : aro, I plough 

"Afiorpor : aratrum^ a plough. — Fr. 
(Siporai pp. of apota 

"Apovpa : a ploughed field, arvum« 
-— Fr. hp6w 

'AfMfaSw, 9m : I snatch, rapio, cor- 
ripio ; praeripio, 1 anticipate* — H. 
harpy ^ harpoon 

ipKmh6vfi.\ a gill, net, or rope : Ae- 
Xovy f^Xo^vf "toh-aypmt kq\ &pireb4' 
9at%9 Xen. A thread, like ^$hi^y : 
*Apqif)f¥aiti$ eiK^Xav hprtho^t,^ Suid. 
Fr* ipirwi==iLprrdim 

"Apnrf : a scythe, falx ; a ■falchion, 
falcatus ensis. — * Vertit in boac'Aar- 
fen,' Ov. Hence harpa,m harp^ fwm 
its being curved on one side like n 
scythe, Fac. 

"Apirii : a rapacious bird, a species 
of eagle. — Fr. lipirwsF^^ciJM 

hpvhf Ibos, fi : a shoe or sandaK-r-' 
For pavis fr. pdirrm^ Ehl.^ 

^Aftpafimvy uyoSf o: a pledge or 
earnest. — ' Minis triginta sibi piiellam 

13 "Apiuun KoKKtfro'ifft, Horn. So Catallos 
of a vessel : ' Ipsa levi fecit yolitantem flamine 
cvaRUM, FSnea com/vvoens iofleze teeta ca- 

14 Or fir. BpyMi pp. of <Aptit:Bstdpt», I raise. 

15 Senrants measured out the luonthly 

16 I have so done, nor will I deny it. 

IT It is neither allowed me nor becoming 
to relnse your raqneat* 
18 Mia41e of ipmrfu, which seems to be 

derived from kp6 fut. of cUpv* Comp. tpwpi 
fr. opfi or tfptf. 

19 ' £xpeto« exquiro ut laboris prsmium/ 
Clarke, who compares Horn. Od. 1, 4». with 
Hor. ' Dum sibi, dum sociis reditum pabat.' 
Bot perhaps &^/icyo5 in the passage of the 
Odyssey is better translated, being in ras 
ACT OF earning. 

20 Like the threads of a spider. 

1 Vice versft, fr. kpw& jac. dexires * ra- 

earhs in earles-penny 

&-fipnTos: unbroken, firm. — Ft, fp- 
parai pp. of ^du, wh. ^aiai, ^aarjit, 

&-ppeTr\)t : nenk. — Fr. ^ejru!" One 
of no weight iiiihe balance 

'Appqv, Spa^v, fi'iii : a male. — 
' jinenicum, arsenic, ii believed lo 
come fr. apofviKos, from the mascu- 
line; force witli nhtch it kills men,' 
Fac,'' 'Tiro arbpfias nal &pfit:r-urcas, 

• d^^ijcijs; coulenlious. — A/ijf Sd- 
soToy Ti Kai i/iptiyh, TlieocT. 

flfS^tXoi; a basket, chest, ARcA. — 
Tout appiyovs la! rout Ko^ivDus fiirai" 
rai,' Aristoph. 

a^pmhiia: 1 fear. — Vox oppiaiim, E. 

\^ps,g. hpvos: ^ee ipliv 
'ApijTiv : See Spprjv 

Apru^n: a Peraian measure.— 'H 
ii hpTo^if xbipiti fie&lfivou 'ATTinrjs 
n-AeToe xo'Viii rpiul 'Attik^oi, Herod. 
A measure, ' eui stipevut modii para 
terria post trcs : Nunique decern 
modiis explebilur arlaba triplex,' 


n. Fai 

Spra/ios : a cotik or butcher. In 
-Eurip., TaupOf apTaftcl KaXUs is Iraiis- 
Inled by Dtii., ' lauruni dissecat 
scienler." — Fr. fiprni pp. of fipw; one 
wlio prepares food, L. For opr-rn- 
/los, cutter iif Ihe bread, J. But it 
would thus be rather &profies 

'Apraa: I suspend ; i.e. 1 connect 
one thing tvith another, make one 
thing depend on another. — Fr. &pTai 
pp. ofapui, 1 connect. ' 'A-ouc-dpnj- 
roi, not connected, not eohering,' St. 

'Apravfj; a suspender or rope. — 
Fr. Aprau 

'Apre/i^s : perfect, entire, — Fr. 
Uprni &c. I. e. well connected or 

'Apre/iit, lEoj, jj : Diana.—' Because 
she makea persona aprefiiai, accopd- 

5 APT 

jng to Strabo ; renders births pes- 
PBCT, and is present lo such as are 
bringing forth children," CS. 

apTffiiiv, ofot : ' Some understand 
it of the ma^t; others of the sail 

when they fearthe effects of the wind 
on the Inrger sails,' Scld. ' Scheffer 
supposes it to be a small sail, placed 
on the top of the mast above Ibe 
larger sail, and iiaed more for direct- 
ing than driving the vessel,' Fac. — Fr. 
apiiiii^ApTaiii; from its being sus- 
pended. KaJ in-aparret Tor aprtpava 
rp irpcoiirp, tnr-elx"'' ^'" '■"" "h"^' 
\6v* NT. 

'ApTen/iai : I set in order, vrrange, 
get ready.— Fr. V' ^c- " ' 

'AftTtipla : ' the channel of the 
breath or blood, artery 

'ApTf. in direct connexion of 
the past with tbe present time, all 
but now, just now, very lately. Also, 
CONNECTEDLY Up to the preMtit 
period. 'Aw-dpri, from tlie present 
period ; immediately from the present 
time. — Fr. iiprui Ac. Compare hpftai 

'ApTios: well adapted one part to 
another, perfect, entire ; fitted, 
suited, appropriate. In reference li 



laa the pi^noltj 
rliicb L. deri 

fitted to another; and mean 
opposed to odd. — Fr; aprai<A;c . 

'Apri^fu : hi do par impar, 1 play 
lit even and odd. — Fr. &prtns 

"ApTDs: bread. — Fr. Sprai &c. 
Prepared (food), L. Or from the 
ADAPTATION of bread to the wants 
of maTi. 'Apyvpovv dpro-^opop, Atlicn,, 
A silver bread-basket 

'ApTvai: I fit, adjust, put in order, 
arrange, gel ready. Also, 1 season, 

Schl., I prepare with sauces. — Fr. 
&pTai &c. 

apiijSaWos : a vessel from which 
keepers of balbs poured water on Ihe 
body of those who bathed in them, 

5 Fr. iiip uni Tqp/u, for It preserves the 
via) air. Fac. Some of tlie aucienia tbouglU 
that tbe arteiioB weie filled with ait only. 

4 Ai.ri, having raised [he aprtliiey 
jwioggale, they iireclid •>■- ;- "«" 

quo fr. ipritp (r, 6pa, bui 

. Jc only, 
le analogy 

...... ^. .. from aUpa : ' Locus quo >!- 

■vaatac et (ollunlui vox vel Bjuiituii' 




Br. — - Kara-onr^ySccr • rarh rlis Ktfa" 


apvia : I draw, epvw ; draw water ; 
draw oat, exhaurio, exhaust. — ' Hau- 
rio 18 from dpvw,* Fac. 

iipvtrri^p, 6 : a vessel fit to draw 
with, St. Others explain it of a mea- 
sare containing one draught. — Fr. 
ipvarai pp. of apvAi 

'Apxi ' the top, head, beginning, 
or origin, principiuoi ; the head of a 
conotry, the government, sovereignty, 
principality; the head of a discourse. 
*Es Af^x^y and apyiiy, up to the very 
beginning, completely, entirely. — 
Hence mon-arch,^ patri-arcU, arche- 
type, arch-angel, &c. 

'A^aios : said originally of things 
connected with the ueginning of time 
or of the world ; ancient, antiquated ; 
veteran.— Fr. &px^* Hence archives. 
* Si potes arehaicis conviva recum- 
bere lectis,' Hor. 

TAp^v: I rule ; I begin. "Ap-xpftai, 
I [ffm ruled ; and, I begin. — See 
&fi^^. "Apx^Tt PiaKoXiKcis, MQtrai ^Xac, 
ipX^* docSas,* Theocr. 

"ApX^u^f ovros: one ruling; an 
arehan. — Fr. Apxta 

"Apta : See after a^^us 

'Aptryds : a helper. — Fr. hpiiyia 
''Af)oi/ia,9aros: perfume, sweet odor. 
— H. aromatic 

— at: Words ending in as imply 
collection or multitude. AiOos, a 
stone, XtOhs, a heap of stones ; ^vX- 
Xor, a leaf, iftvWhs, a heap of leaves 

A'traXafjLtyios : not like an inhabi* 
tant of Salamis, unskilled in naval 

Aoiifjiiydos : a bathing tub or basin. 
— For inr'afiU, like trKwp-afjus ; fr, 
dtru or iwti, mud or dirt, and apis, a 
vessel. I. e. a vessel for washing 
away dirt, L. From &<ns or Atrri, and 
fuyvBia, minuo, £. 
"A'c^vTos :*^ the asbestos stone, a 

6 From p^vos, alone. 

7 PrimuB patium. 

d Begin, dear Moses, the bucolic song. 

9 ' Apt A compositione et permistione rerum 
odoriferarain res preparata. Ah iip4w=iipco/ 
L. ' For apdofJM, [fr. apdo); see ^dM.'\ ali- 
quid contvsum ; for Columella speaks of, 
aiomata contusa,' S. ' The odor emitted by 
plants growing in a cultivatsd spot 3 fr. 

siort of native fossil irtoat, eBdoed 
with the property of remaihisg UN- 
CONSUMED in the fire , 

&iffi6Xri : soot, snat. -^Dm. de^ 
rives it fr. Aais and /3e^Xa pmoof 
/3^X(i>; for itai-fiSXiif slime or dirt 
thrown out. Hence Asbolus, one of 
Actaeon's dogs in Ovid : ' £t villis 
Asbolus atris' 

iL'oeXyijs : lewd, wanton, salacious^ 
impudent. — L. derives it fr. ff6Xkff 
allied to salax. The a may be ohangn- 
ed to e, as in v-imtprii^ fr. hfnaprm. 
*A'Kadapala ical wopyeiaKatiiv^ytui," 
"Atrri : satiety, tedium. — Fr. A^tt 

fut. of &b(0 

^Atrdfia, arcs: a breathing hard, 
asthma. — Fr. &oBai pp. of d^&isr&tf . 

* daiXXa : a frame going over each 
arm to carry burdens with^ — ^'A/i^' 
Htpoiaty Jt^^y rprixeiay affiXXai*/* 

"Ans, etts, ^ : roud» slime. — * Ff • 
Affia, fut. of S^w. I. e. Mud dried. Eh 
From &aia fut. of Abta. Mud! heaped 
up, L. 

t *AoKaXapos, '^ dacaXajS^riys : a 
kind of starry lizard. * The f reach, 
Germans, and English are without if, 
and have no name for it,' Br. 

a-aKdyrris : a little bed which ia 
higher on one side. It is used also 
for a stool. — * Fr. iaicayrai pp. of 
iTKaybuf,*^ Lat. scando. Hence trKayrris, 
qui scandii,^ L. 

'A'ffKaplbes : asearides, little worms 
in the body, so called from their con- 
tinual troublesome motion-, causing 
an intolerable itching, T. — Fr. iaxa^ 
pov, a. 2. of aKalpw, 1 leap about 

&-ffK€di^, and d-9JCf70i)f : safe. — Per- 
haps fr. iffKiOriy, and kvictOrfp a. 1 • p. 
of (TKiht. I. e. much covered or pro- 
tected. *^iu,' says Vk., * is for ao- 
K^(o, (fr. ooLKos) I cover; wb. ^evof 
and oKvivrf 

kfTKipai a kind of shoe. — Scap. 

10 Fr. tff^&frai pp. of (rjScw. 

11 Impurity and whoredom and lewdness. 

12 Having about the shoulders a rough 

13 L. derives it fr. ftrMoAoy a. 2. of o'lcd^A«, 
I dig. The stellio is said to frequent the 
ruinous walls of Natolia, Syria^ and ' Pa- 

14 See cKiylnKov. 


AiK 3 

Brrangfs tbifi under irrnof, a gkiii or 
hide. Kai rat Icifiapros aatipat tii-fio.- 
piias,'^ LjcopUr, 

'ArKiti: a word, tayi Cas., com- 
mon to all Ihoee arts, which respect 
the care and culture of the body and 
ihe mind ; I atteud to, pay atleution 
to, busy or occupy myself about any 
thing, euro, colo, elaboro, elaborate 
onto. As the Laliiis said, coroiiu 
Vina paterii, as well as, corono pate- 
rss viuii; to the Greeki said dirtr£7»' 
apirriv, initmere aliquem virtute, to 
teach a person virtue.— Fr. pp. ao-- 
K^Tai are tlie ascelics^'' and the aicr~ 
tie philosophy 

'Aonds : a hide or skin ; a bag or 
battle made of it; abladder.— Hence 
a*co-pera (a leflthern bag,) used by 
Suetonius ; and aie-atdo, (a bag- 
piper,) by Martial. Hence too asci- 
tes in surgery, a kitid of dropsy 

'AtrtruAiufu, ctETi'djXafiu : I leap on 
one foot. ' The chief part of the 
games of Bac<;hus was leaping on 
gogti' skius, inflated and besmeared 
with oil. Thpv lepl on one fool, 
whilst ifae oilier waa drawn ba<jk. 
The games were called do-KuiAia, 
fr. A«,-w,' D. on that line of Virgil, 
* MoHibuj in pratU unctos saliere per 

'Avfia, aron a song. — Fr. ^lT^^al 
pp. of ^iibi 

Aafufos:" pleased, deligbled. — 
Part. pp. of ii6(B=d6eui, I please 

a-mr&io/iai: I seize eagerly; em- 
brace, salute. — Fr. inra£ai=irir&u. I.e. 
I draw to myself. So a-emaoTOs (fr, 
pp. A-mratTTat) is, pleasant, AT-TBAC- 

A-airalpu ; ihe same as oftaipa 

'AavoKaBos: ' aspalathm, the rose 
of Jerusaleai, or Lady's rose; a white 
thorn, gruwing iu Egypt, with tlie 
flower of the rose. Sic. There is 
a shiub of Ihe eauie name, but ap- 
perently different from tiiia, pro- 
bably Ihe same as the lignum Rho- 

5 ASn 

diuin or rose-wood,' Fi)c. TbeiasI is 
alluded lo in Ihe Apocrypha : ' 1 gave 
a sweet smell like cinoamon and ai- 

&-0jraXa£, acoi, u : a mole.— Fr. 
iTiri^ui, from its drawing up the earlh, 
£M. ' FoDEKK cubiiid lalpae,' Virg. 

'AiTjraXieui : a fisherman.— 'Aairo- 
XiEui' &XiEU(, ajto Toii ayaairg,v Tttf 

'Aairapayof, aa^apayo^ : asparagus 
fi-inreroi: inimenee.— I. e. whicli 

cannot be told or expressed. Fr. 

oTriid, formed fr. iawu^fnu. Cump. 

'Ao?rii, icos, ii : an asp. ' The asp 
is said to be so called fr. ainrU. a 
sutELn , front its lying convolved in 
a circle, in llie (;enlre of which is 
Ihe head which i| raises, like Ibe 
umbo of the buck^r,' EU. 

•Aawii,'" ihos, ;, : a shield, flop 
aanihot, on the kft hand ; for iu that 
hand the shield wat carried. — See 
anrii above. Heuce the eTgifr-^fpi- 
det^^ in Livy, B company of Macedo- 
nian soldiers who wore silver thield^ 

'Aaaapinv : fr. Lat. at, assii. 
' Some think it half an as, others think 
it the same as the or; and indeeil 
those seem lo judge ihe best who 
consider it lo be worth the tenth pact 
ofa drachma or denarius.' Schl. 

''Kanov : nearer. ' In the com- 
parative form luc of some adjectives, 
I is changed wilh the foregoing ron< 
sonant or consonants iulu iooxtt; 
»% ekayvi, iKayiiav , eXaffOuiv; fiiyat, 
ptyiuv, piaeuv, itiiuiv, and p,eiSti* ', 
i\iyos, oKiyiiav, oXiaauiv, and dU- 
£iav J fiOKpiii, fiaKCioy, ftaaaaiy ;" xfia.- 
TVS, uparimft tpaatruit; i:piaitw, tptla- 
awv, KptiTTiey, kapaaui', Kaficniv, cd^- 
puv : ra'xvs, Ta)(luiy, Qimamv (since 
TaxM should be properly Oayiii), Oax' 
TUir ; l3paj(i/s, fipny^iaiv , (ipaaauii \ ^- 
6ui, ^aaaiov • yXvKvi, yXuaoiiiv I m- 
Xii, irrijffuv,' M. Thus &yxL, &y 
X'oy, ayaaov or aaaoy 

Ikdie calceuidaB,' iEidi. with ' quilmi l>eliain Tolrnllbui eiit,' 
called, who con- IBl know not wbellier il u from anrtiiis 

IS ■ £t uxoi 

IB Formerly IboJC were io called, who con- 18 I knownotv 

iBoralcd ibcnuelvci to the EXERCiaEi of pic Ij, aiptr, L. 
Mor. 19 From ifytifat, ailser. 

IT Bl. compare! Ihe conslrucUon, airiJnf 2D ' KiiTaiiii; honeuer, may be relaled 

l4 V9t 'H ■nwA-rifwi' 1^ imKfi^i filai, the old word fuiin ia Heayctauui' U. 


iu l« p. of #r4», iTiS, wk. «f0 

^AvToprrii AstartCt a goddctt of 
the Syrians Mid Stdoirians.' Svp- 
p()sed bv some to be the stme as the 
{toddess whom Miltoa gmIIs, mooaed 
Astaroth. * They call Venus Aaiartg, 
deriving it fir. Htctfov^ attrumf a star ; 
for they say the nrorning star it ber*8/ 
Schol. on LXX. 

&'aTaxvs : See or&yift 

wL'orwfifiiSf iL'<rr€ft^i)s : very firm, 
unmoved.— Fr. vrififiv, arififtt (aa 
wrpifimy 0rpifi#)= (mifitit* I tread . L e. 
treading fimily. Dm. compares Oerai. 
Mtempely itmrnpin. Compare our verb, 
to ttamp, *Ain-€{iH^a fiovXriw, Horn. 

*A#r^,' 4p9s, St and Atrrpoyi a 
star. — Hence Mstrum, aUro-ncm^^ 

*A9T^0Kos : an gsterisc, a star or 
mark prefixed by the ancient critics to 
reflMrkabk passages. — See above 

&9repoin^: lightning; scintillation.-^ 
*'LrpdwT9ir is A^dTmsiv, as orepoirrl, 
4rrejpMn) ; vr^ayoi, 4#ir(!ifMiyof ; vrpti^ 
ri^, iitrrpmri^; if the EM. is to be 
trwsted/ Dent. * From keri^ is A#re- 
^^» nb. iarwponij,^ L. See &(rrp^irntf 
*A»r%» : See before k^rtpitrxM 
iurrU : a fellow-citizen. — Fr. &&tv 
*A^arpAfiii : a saddle bow, pack 
saddle. Used also for the animal on 
wliich it is placed. — Fr. 4foTpaj3or (wh. 
Lat. wiraho and the writer Sirabo^) 
a. S« of 9Tp^^^=swTp4<^»y I torn, Lm 
For it prevents the packing or the 
rider from turning over, Fac. 

*A&rfiaydko9 : any turning joint in 
tbe body^ knuckle, ankle ; the pas* 
ten bone of a beast, talus ; a game 
in which four pastern bones of cer- 
tahi anliiial*, properly marked, were 
thrown like dice, talarios Indus; a 
wave or wreath about a pillar, resem- 
bling the fiirm of the itrrpnyaXos.^^ 
* We see none of that ordinary con- 
fusion, which is the result of quarter 
nwnds vi the (UtrMgai, and I know 

39 AXT 

not bow many ocber idterniiogMl pn^ 
ticulara,' Spectator 

Atrrpairrkt : I glitter, fulgeo ; liglfi* 
en, fnlguro. — ^Fr. dttrpoi^* L e« I glitter 
like a star 

"AtfTpov ; Set before ^anpimtot 

"A^v, eof , TO : tbe city ; the eitf 
of Athens. -«--'Xenes» Thenaopyns 
expngnatis, protinus accessit Astu^ 
Nepos. ^ ArtuM and tfalahM, if we 
trust Testus, are fVom &9r9 ; beeaasa 
those, who dwell in the ecty, are mota 
sagacious than rustics,' Fac; 

iievpfj9 'J flagitious, titopurt, exeera- 
ble, &e.-^Merk rmvra 6X^9\epQt ds 


htrvtfirikos : vile, contemptibferCom^ 
mon.— "lis fA AffifriKor Ir 'ApyofoimK 
Ijoejei' 'ArpeiSiff ,^ Hom^ 

A-#<^aXifr: notJiaUe to fs^l or to 
be overthrown, secure, safe- •— Fr. 
l(T0aXoy a. 2* of&fAWta 

*A-#^XrM,* ^ : bitamen^ afatsub- 
stance like pitch, — * Many a row Of 
starry lamps and blamg cressets^ fed 
With naphtha and ajpAaftiit,' Milton. 
Hence the * Laous A9phalUie$* 

ii'9fl>afHrfos : file sflm^ as «n^i^ysv 

*A^apayvyia and innt. I seme plaM 
allied to the Hspwa^ . 

'Aff^d^eXos: a ptanit. * By ihoMS 
happy soals who dwell in yellow 
meads of siphffdBl^^ Pope ' 

*A^aXX(i> : I am in pain or grief; 
I am aggrieved.-'^For 4^^XX«# (as ia* 
XM fr. ^x^) ft. ^os, dche, paiti 

d-er^froc: not to be heM or re** 
sttBined. — Fr. e\iw formed fr. i^x^^ 
Comp. A^frtTOs 

d-mtTtM : beyond all hope of pre* 
servation, desperate ; lost, wretched ; 
desperately profligate ; * destroying 
the health,* Bl.*-Fr. trivwrat pp. ef 

draXos : yet unable to bc«r labors> 
yomig, tender.-*^Fr« taMia 

&'Td\\(o and ihTitiXKtif : I bring up' 
tenderly, rear ; 1 grow up ; I leap or 

1 Identified with Svaio, Luna, Tetta, snd 

2 So fy«0o9f Mptfifios; >Jfi», \dfifi»» 
S from &», 1 shine, L. 

4 Hence L. derives steUa^BsasteUasssOste' 

5 Hederic, in his taaslly unsatis^toiy 
style, derives it from a, neg. and <r^ « with* 

out favoring us witii an explaniiCion. 

6 After this he entirely fefi lipon a course 
of licentiousnesB and a fliaigitious life. 

7 So contemptibU did Atrides make jne 
among the Oreeks. 

8 Fr/o-^XXw; from iti giving firmness and 
adhesion to bricks «nd stones, Suid. 

]Jay like a child.- — Comp. d-ra\ui 

drop: but.aiTip. — Voas. tompares 
Lat. aC 

A'TiipfiUKTDt I JDlrepid. — Fr. rdp^ni 
=„V/3.., L. 

a'Tnpriis, h '■ ^ 'ong Slraiglit patb 
wliich does not turn. — For a-Tpavii 

ft. irpaitof a. 2. of rphria 

"Atij : havoc, destruction, hurt ; 
inevitable huvt of fate or necessily ; 
the Goddess of havoc. — ' Cesar's 
epiril, ranging for revenge. With 
Ale by bis side come hot ll'oni hell. 
Shall iu these confines .... Cry, 
Havoc, and let uhp the dogs of war,' 

'ArapTtjpos: hurtful, mischievous. 
— For driipui, fr. firij, St. 

'AraadaXos : destructive, mischiev- 
ous ; hurt ill mind, mad, absurd. 
Perhaps fr. &ra<jO>i>' a. 1. p. of a-aiu) 

'A-raliparos :' See the note 

"Ardw and iru : I hurt, — Comp. 
arj). 'Aiirw was an older word, and 
was shortened lo.firiB. See uacfiai 

are : i.e. (naff) Sre, secundum qtise. 
" At-e /3ai»iX(i;s, According to the things 
accordiug to wliieb a king would 
a«t 1 i< e. as u king. 'Are o»res trn- 
ijiol. As those wJKi are wise, as being 
wise. — Plural of iJore 

A-7^^/3« : I cut off, deprive, de- 
prive of one's portion or expectations. 

—Ur. Tkiiu>^=Trp.via, Sl.'° 

a-TEviis : said of one who does any 
tiling intently, iutenlis oculis, iuleoto 
anirao, inlento gradu. Hence it is 
said of one who is tenacious of liis 
purpose; and of one obslina(« and 
intractable, R." — Fr. rei-i fut. of 

'Arep: a preposition expressing 
privation : without, sine ; privately, 
apart from.— Fr. irbi, I affect with 
injury and loss, deprive 

d-rfpa^voi and d-r^pd^wv: not ten- 
der, hard. — See TtpAfiuv 

a-Tt-j^rais: truly, indeed. — Fr.r^nj, 


9 Hon 

irried. Said prdpErij of the 

.e bull. ' Nee 

1 tolerare pondus, 
Hor. ' HeiniiuB,' aa^sBI., 'haarightlj naticed 
that s virgin ia so ollrd. fr. TaSpm, alSoiav 
iytpis.' Bnt TaBpui in this sense is cfouhtle68 
dtrived hj ttlnsion fr. TQLpoTi e. ball. 

10 L. snppoeea it n lenglheoed forni of iria 

I. e. without art, plainly 

'Ariio: I am injured in mind, — 
Fr. Srn 

"Arij ; see after di-apirot 

'Arflft, (got, ^ : Athenian.— Fr. ^^ 
this, daughter of Cranuus, king of 
Athens, as some suppose 

n-Tf'iu: 1 dishonor. — Fr. nu 

d-rirdXX(ii : see drdXXw 

ATjiefOi : a slave. — -^uyev &TjievDs 
Ha/jeroi en houkelac "' 

'At/ios:'^ vapour arising from wa- 
ter, sleam.— Hence atmosphere 

&-iDitot: absurd. ' That which has 
no PLACE in nature, strange : in rea- 
son, absurd; in morals, wicked,' J. 
' Rescripsi dron-urarov esse, me, qui 
Romam omnino post hsec artna non 
accesserim, suhito ad luiios veriire,' 
Cic. ' Alienissimo locn positum'is 
the explauation of Em. We say. It 
was out of place. See the note on 
7-D7rd5u. May it be derived fr, rdirot 
in the sense of, an argument 1 

S.-Tpai:ros : a spiudle, distaff; an 
arrow. — Fr. an old word rpituss 
Tpi'^ai, L, '* ' ArpaKToy jroXu-fiicin, 
Suid. titvpO'Hirahijs urpaKTOS," Soph. 

drpoKruXXif, ij : a thorn. — It has 
its name, says Pliny, from the use of 
its stiff stalk by the women of ancient 
times, as a distaff. See above 

d-rp£Ki;i : very clear or manifest, — 
Fr. rirpeca p. of rpiiD, I perforate. 
1. e. finely penetrated, seen through 
perspicuously. See ropds. 'AXX' flye 
/loi Toht tini Ka'i d-rpeiiedrt rara-XiJoi', 

"Arrn, rdrn, rdrra, 7^rra : terms of 
respect used by a jouiiger in address- 
ing an elder person. — Of the same 
kind as ^TTxa aud win^a 

drra and aaaa : for & Tiva fr. Sara. 
Whatsoever things, quxcunque. 'AX- 
Xa drra fiiipia, a llmusand other things 
whatsoever they may be; in which 
construction drra is nearly the same 

'Arroyat, drrayq*' : diversely trans- 

11 Whc ohseiiFs that the toSi irtftli of 
Flularch is wrnngi; Iranilaled hy Si. nam 
demissiores : ' They mfan, linuij compacl.' 

1 a Th? stave fli'd deirgtiin! fiom slavery. 

13 Foi iuT^l.hs. it. ia [ur Sfai], L. 

14 Compare trpaxoy a. 2. of •'plx"! "• la- 
Tpo^ov a. a. of mpifia. 

15 An arrow sent forth by dnwing IllC 




tated, a wood-cock» heath-cock, hasel- 
hen, quaii, rail, soite. It was marked 
or streaked on the back, and hence 
was applied to slaves marked. — 'Non 
Afraavis descendat in ventrem meum, 
Non atUigen lonicus/ Hor. 

* 'ArraXarrora: a joyful exclama* 

* 'Arrairarrara : a sad exclamatwn 
"Xrrw : I rush forward, spring or 

leap forth. — For ^fT^=ihima=iht(r(r^. 
"Ama without c is the later Attic form 
'Arrapayot : a crumb which falls 
from bread too much baked ; a frag- 
ment; — Fr. /trr«, I leap, L. "Arror- 
res drrdpoyoi. Horace has * saliente 
micli * 

* 'Arrarai, drraroco^, lartarai : ex- 

^^rrikafios or iLTriXefios : a kind of 
beetle without wings, having springy 
legs. — Fr. &rr«, St. Fac. . 

*ATrtKLStj: I side with the inhabi- 
tants of Attica 

"Arrm: see before drrdpayof 

ariSSai:'^ I confound, perplex, ha- 
rass, perturb. 'Arvx^eis, perturbed 
or dismayed at any thing ; followed 
by an accus., like i^firiBus. — *ArvS6' 
fitpoi fo0€OVT9, Horn. Tlarpos ^/Xov 
6\l/ty iaiTKBelt,^'' Id. 

"Arm : see Ardm 

A2« by turns, reciprocally, vice 
vers&, vicissim ; correspondently, back, 
back again, again. — Fr. &ta, L. From 
the reciprocation of the breath 

Aiyri : '* splendor, lustre ; the 
splendor of a mirror ; the splendor of 
the eye. — Tw* a^os i}eXioio, Hom. 
'£y wvpot ahy^^ Id. 

A^dSofjLai : I see or know clearly. 
— Fr. a^. Properly, I see by the 
rays of the sun '^ 

Avii^: a voice, sound. — Fr. the 
interjection ai^ Bl. Audio, I perceive 
a sound, is fr. ahir^, L. 

ahS-iKaoTOS : i. e. 6 ahros kv ckclot^, 
the same in every thing ; one of a stern 
temper, who ie neither delighted with 

the happiness* nor sorry for the mi- 
sery of others : and who, without re« 
gani to persons, times and circum- 
stances, preserves the same mind in 
every thing, Hoog. 

avd-iynisi one who has authority 
or poller ; the author of any thing. — 
Fr. airros and ivrcu pp. of ivta^=iym. 
One who has himself or by himself 
the management of things. Hence 
an authentic copy, i. e. possessing 
undoubted authority 

avd'iyrfis : one who 6nishes or dis- 
patches himself, or who dispatches 
another with his own hand, a suicide 
or murderer. — Fr. ai/r6$ and iym=x 

AYTOZ :^ one*s self, the same, the 
very same ; one's self and no other ; 
one*s self, without others, by one's 
self, alone ; one's self, without being 
ordered by another, spontaneous ; 
one's self as superior to others, as, ' If 
the muses themselves, if the very 
muses, if even the muses should sing.' 
One's self, just as one is, without 
change, as. He rushed to battle (air- 
ros) unarmed as he was. One's self 
at one time opposed to one's self at 
another, as, The cavalry (ahrol) them- 
selves fought on foot. It is also used 
for, this or that same man, this wan, 
that man. — ^Hence auto-graph, one's 
own ha nd- writing ; an auto-maton:^ 
an autO'Crat f" tautology ; i. e. ro- 
ovro-Xoym, the speaking the same 

A26c : in this or that very spot.-— 
For aMQi,, fr, alrot 

aidis : again ; back, contdi. Oc/uoc 
• . • oifioi fi6\' aZdis, ^sch. ; Oh me 
... oh me once more ; or, as Hm. 
renders it. Ah me not once only, but 
twice miserable. So 'ISov /udX' aZBis, 
See, see! AZOis marks also contra- 
riety : as, * Tho' they be not imme- 
diately, aZOis €l<n, yet presently they 
are or will be, useful.' * This shall be 
aZOis, but now I must hasten.' — Fr. al 

16 L. and Pra. derive it from the same root 
as &rii«* 

17 Dismayed at the sight of his dear father. 

18 For &y7i, L. RaUier ft, aikt, aHyv, I 

19 Conipare ^xpivis, 

20 * Fr. ai^csoS, again. Properly, iteratos, 
repeated. It means, this person off whom I 
speak. In the use of this word, it is the special 

object of the speaker to make it clear of whom 
or of what he speaks. Hence its primary use is 
tQ mark one thing as distinct from and opposed 
to another. As, He himself, and no other, 
can perform the cure/ Hm. 

1 A thing which moves by itself. 

2 One who reigns alone, independently* or 
after hu own wili.i 



aS-tax"'- ' dry-shouting, loud,' J. 
Fr. aint and iax^. Comp. ftfi-ijx'/*- Hes. 
■upposes it put foi &'ta\o( 

AiiXbt:' a pipe; flule ; any thing 
narrow or long, and hence (uv- 
Aoi aiiiarnt) a long stream of blood ; 
the handle of a spear ; the bar or 
bolt of a clasp, — Hence Ptolemy Au- 
leles ;* and kj/dr-tittlics ' 

A!\oJ, nKoi, 1} : a furrow. — Possi- 
bly, a passage for water, extended 
like a pipe or aiXit.^ See flXof 

AiiXij : aula, a large open place at 
the entrance of great houses, a court- 
yard ; ball ; a fold for animals, tmia, 
cauia ; a cave or den : * III^ se Jactet 
in avid ^olus,' Virg. 

AvXiSo/iai : I stable in the fold ; 
pass the uight; take my station, en- 
camp. — Fr. ai/Xii; or rather quXii, 
wh. Auiu '' in Bceolia 

AiiASi : See before ovXaf 

Av\i)y, h: a narrow passage, chaa- 
nel, or sireight ; a narrow valley. — 
Comp. auXa£ and aVkos 

AK^iu : see ne£a> 

alns- dry. — Fr. atu 

AJpa:* aara, a gentle air such 
as blows in the morning, a breeze. 
Comp. Aurora 

Xipier : the morning ; but special- 
ly, the morning of to-morrow or the 
morning of the next day;" as ' mane' 
in ' Noctca vigilabat ad ipsum Mane,' 
Hor. So, ' By the second hour in the 
MOHNiNO Desire the Earl to see 
me,' Shaksp. It is used also for, the 
whole of the next day ; just as ' mor- 
row ' is used : ' The original meaning 
of MORKOW seems lo have been 
morning; which, being often re- 
ferred to on the preceding day, was 
understood in lime to signify the 
whole next day following,' T. — Fr. 

initruracnt ofblDW 
on b6mi(. 

4 Who wu so fond of Iha pipe that bs 
pUjFd on It Dpeol; like K minjtrcJ, Fac. 

6 Tbc idence of coDTB^iog nstei ihiougb 
pipn. Fr. Stiap, water. 

' Ab fiAtt eit Saoi e( oSAoi, tubus Tolrcn. 

oM^, atrium. EliXof aol aE^ttE. mciitua in 
longum productQB in morem tibis, per qiLt:aj 
aqua pFTdacitur,' L. 

7 ' Whtro the Greeks met lo deliberale 
whether thej ihould »iiaet Tioj ; from al\n. 

42 AYS 

aiiaToXtos : dry ; thin, meagre, 
coarse. — Fr. alarai pp. of o6u, I 

Auimjpo* ; dry, rough, harsh, mu- 
((fi-C— Fr. almat pp. of aiai, I dry 

aur-dyperes: in one's power lo take 
or clioose.— Fr. aWbt, and aypiia, I 
take, "Aypei S' olvov ipvOpoy Axo 
Tpvyos,'° Archil. 

ahrap : on the contrary; otherwise, 
but, AUTEM ; then, in turn. — Fr. aire 
= nZ; and Sp. 'Hbatoroi /liy liiKe 
Alt . . . AvTap Spa Zeis iunt btaieropf 
'Apyenfioyrg. 'Ep/xtlas Si ficnj iuxev 
IliXom . . . Airap b nvre naDi|- iux' 
'Arp^i," Horn. So: ^apiavi&rit Hpia- 
fios BaufiaS' 'AxiX^a, Alrap iapSo- 
ylijiv Tlpiafiav ^ou/ia^ev 'Ax'XXfUi," 

auTiia: I cry or bawl out. — ^They 
said in the present durcu, in the fu- 
ture &i^<a, as fr. aiu>, Bl. See aW, I 

Auriga: at the very time, on the 
very spot, immediately. • It frequent- 
ly occurs at the beginning of a sen- 
tence, in proving an argument; and 
means, exempli gratis, verbi causA 
[comp, ' instantly ' and ' for instance']. 
TIk Latins similarly use, continud, 
ae longfe abeam,' R. — Fr. ain-dt 

'Avr/i^;" vapor, exhalation, dr/iDt 

aiiTO-yvov Aporpoy. ' There are two 
kinds of plough ; the one fixed, the 
other aWo-yvoy. That, which is fixed, 
has the ^U;ua or tail joined on,' Schol. 
on ApoU, Rh. ' Having the yvrjs its 
own or natural (auro-^ujjs).' T*. • Hav- 
ing the yuiji or share-beam (dentale) 
not fixed on with nails, but naturally 
adhering to Ibe e\vfia,' St. 

auriJ0i: see aiOt 

oiirn-K^/JEaXoi : made or done at 
the very moment, or off-hand, airu- 
-axi^ioi- — It might be supposed thai 

> tenl or ennip,' Fac. 

8 Fr, n&o, t breathe, oi 


10 Take (ha ted wine from the lecj. 

U Vulcan gareil to Jore; then Jove gave 
it to the mfssengcr (Mercurj). the ilayti of 
Argui ; and Mereurj the king gate il to Pe- 
laps; then Felopt again (;areit to Atreu^ 

IS Priam, (he ti<n ofDarilBuu!, was admir- 
Achilles in [um was admiring 

u atpiov /i^Mownw, i 

Priam, the aon of Daidanus 
13 For iSB'iiii, Ir, iia, L. lUtlm b. Wth 

■s^isi wta, io'ftii 01 




tfak word was putfor'a^o-mii^aXot/^ 
and flowed from some word allied to 
Lat. eaudtXt a stump ; and signified* 
made from stamps just as they are, 
UDwrought; for it is frequently joined 
with boats or rafts. But Suid. says 
it was originally applied to meal 
kneaded in a hurry ; and henoe it is 
referred by some to irajSof , meal ; but 
k6l^9 is rather a meal-measure 

A{rr6^fMT0ti that which moves of 
itself; spoBtaneoua. — Fr. /Li^^arac pp. 
of iMOM, I move. Hence an auto^ 

a^o-fioXiw : see fioXita 

AItqs : see aAer avBivrfts 

avTot z for i^avros, himself 

AifTovi in this or that very (spot 
or time); in ipso temporis articulo, at 
the very moment, immediately. — Fr. 

Avrwf or afo-iii*:'' in this very way 
or manner. * Going avrus towards 
the fossy appear to the Trojans/ i. e. 
just as you are, without your arms. 
' He laid down a caldron, even yet 
white airvs/ i. e. just as it had been, 
unalteredly white. * They gave him 
no presents, but he drove off the mis- 
chief ovrcus,' i.e. but even in this 
case, sic quoque, nevertheless. 'I 
give you this reward avrw; for you 
must not fight;' here aih-«s is trans- 
posed ; and signifies, nevertheless, gra- 
tis. ' But airm a load of earth ;* only, 
merely, i. e. thus and nothing more. 
' An infant avr«i»f ,' merely. ' To boast 
a^rctff,' i. e. to boast merely, to do 
nothing but boast Hence airt^s is, 
without profit, without effect, without 
reason. — Fr. aMs 

Av\i» :** I elevate or erect my- 
self; I am proud or presumptuous; 
boaist ; presume ; am confident ; con- 
fidently believe; — lAvyeis tib elvat,*^ 
Eurip. Hence fceyoX-avxovftao I boast 
great things 

Avxi)v, iyos, 6 : the neck ; a neck 
of land, an isthmus^ — Fr. avxifa is 
ai^iys, one who raises himself on high, 

14 Some Mbs. on Lye. 746 read adroxa^- 

15 ' There is onlj one form oi^ws ; Ifathas 
was ever used, I imagine that it was peculiar to 
the Attics who loved the aspirate, or that it 
was a refinement of the grammarians/ Hm. 

16 ' Fri aJ^a p. of aiHyw, (wh. aH^u and 
Lat. migeo$) tsxiyw, I bear i. e. on high/ L. 

or wbo makea Umaelf grett by an 
erect NECK, which is hence empha- 
tically called al^^y, L. 

A^Xf^s: drought; thinness, mea- 
greness, leanness ; sordidness ; aqua- 
lidness. — Fr. a^xfiai pp. of aiiiass 
avc», I dry 

Aim : I dry.—- See aiffTfip6s 

Avti and ii6m : I shout ; I emit a 
sound. — Fr. the interjection ai, Bl. 
See aifbii. Aioy ^vere, Horn., It sound- 
ed drily ; said of a tunic broken by 
a spear 

Avw : I cause to shine ; I cause 
fire to shine, raise a spark or flame, 
light up. — ^Fr. awa is aurum, aura : 
* Auri per ramos aura bbfulsit,^ 

avw: I breathe hard like one sleep- 
ing, alt^ dormio. — Fr. Aat, I breathe, 
L. See (Leva 

"A^ap : immediately ; suddenly ; 
quicklv. — Fr. A^a p. of Amif, I con- 
nect.'* L e. connectedly, nothing 
being between or intermediate. Corop. 
' immediately * fr. ' in ' and ' medius ;' 
and ' contiiHi^ ' fr. ' contineo ' 

'A-^avpof : infirm, weak ; light, 
thin* — For i^i^apis, fr. fapta=si^ti, 
fero. So fir. fipt^ is ' fortis,' L. Not 
able to bear burdens 

'A0<i« : 1 touch, handle, feel. — Fr. 
^^a p. of &irr«=:dirr«, wh. &Trrofjiai 

6.'^\1l ircS^a : plains without (0^- 
Xots) hard rocks; plains without rocky 
hills, plain, open, R. — See ipiXo$ 

&^Xi)t:'' simple, plain; artless, 
innocent, integer vitss. Used also for, 
integer membrorum, entire in limbs ; 
as in Josephus : * Mosea ordained 
that the chief priests should be &^e- 
Xeis iracrav d^^Acio)', entire in all en- 
tirenesa of limbs/ — MiaQ rijv d^eX^, 
fiiaQ n)v abt^l^poya Xlrjy^ Fpigr. 

"Atj^-evot, ov and cos : revenue, in- 
come, wealth. — Fr. fyosss^vvos, wh. 
niifitf^. 'The wealth collected (a^* 
tvov) from one year, a year's revenue,' 
St. * For <ltiyot, Lat. /emit,' L.*^ 
. &^-^(tfp: a thrower of a missile 

Compare ^x^ 

17 You boasted you were some (great) one. 

18 Compare l|^5. 

19 Perhaps fr. lAw. Bnt the application is 

20 "iaptvos is derived by L. fr. a and ^^»"« 
^^. Vossius derives /enuf fr./eo, wh. /ectm- 


&<p-v\lSi-> ■■ I take off ihe dregs.— 
Fr, B\ij, dregs 

'A^ucu and aipiana: I sock up, 
drain, draw off, esbausi, empty ; I 
draw together, collect.- 

A$0 4 

weapon. — Fr. ffrai pp. of tia, milto 

fifdoi, wv: ulcers in the moulL at- 
tended with a troublesome sensation 
of HEAT, the thrush. — Fr. o^m [>p. 
of fiTru, 1 light up 

ii-^XaiTroi': the highest pnrt of the Appnrently derived from the noise 
stern of a vessel. — Fr. iri^Xuarai pp. made by the nioulh in sucking up, L. 
of (pXain : ' From its not being easily 'Aye ^m iy A/t^Kfioptvaiv Aipvaaov OI- 
baltered by the waves,' E. Hence »'o>',^ Hout. "A^fvos KaX-r\o\iTOV a^ii- 
perbaps Lat. aplustrt, an ornament ieiv,* Id. 
on the lop of Ihe stern 'Afvaycros '. that nhich is sucked 

A-^XoiiTjuoi: foam or froth. — 4>\ofui up and drawn together by a lorrenl. 

is allied to fXvoi, fiuo. ' 'i'holut 
originally said of the fiowing of the 
sea dashing against the shore, by 
which the foam is raised,' TH. 
'Aifvtiat; opulent. — For ii^iveioi 

it. &^^V0! 

itp-op/xii : the satne as opfti'i. Also, 
that Aifi' oi ns upfi^, means, opportu- 
nity: Toil iavTwv TtaiiTi naXXlovs afop- 
f'os c'li Tov filov rara-Xei'irouai, Xen., 
They leave their children better means 
of sustaining life. floXu TrKdovs Afap- 
/tat tis TO T^v rapic 0efi»- (v-votav 
^X^iv, opiu ii/iiv iv-oiaas 5 eceiVii, De- 
niosth., 1 perceive you have many 
more means or opportunities of ob- 
taining the good will of Ihe Godslhan 
he has. So, opportunity, occasion, 
handle : 'Orai' hi /irjie-filav aipopiii)v 
■raph Tuv irpay/iaTwr rDiauri)f Xd^tf, 
Diouys., But when he can get no such 
handle as he wishes from the circum- 
stances. 'A<jiopfili is used also for, the 
means of life, livelihood, provisions, 
money, properly 

'A^dpoiirrj : Venus ; desire ; grace, 
elegance. — She was supposed to hav 

slime, mud. — Vi.aifiiiaya I 

A(pl/abi fut. of a^vai, Conip. a\ia- 

&X<^'''' Ceres, — So called, say the 
Gramniariaos, from Ihe pain (^x"') 
she felt at the loss of Proserpine 

&.)(aupiii: a kind of stag. — ^H rhu- 
ipoio .... $vr' /lypHaTai A^aiiviijy^ xa- 
Woiio'ii',* Ap. Rh. 

'Axa'ol : jlchtei, Ackivi, the Greeks 
&\av7i : a Persian measure. — * Per- 
haps fr. ^avov a. 1. of x«(>'u, I hold 
or contain,' L. But the word is pro- 
bably foreign. It is used by Aristo- 
phanea in a jocose allusion to xo5- 
vos (allied to x"'"") which precedes it 
'Axuriji : achates, the agate stone 
'AjjeXjios : the river Acheltnu ; 
hence .naed for any river or river' 

fixepSoi : a species of thorn. — ' Fr. 
a and x^'fi X^'P" ^'"^ X*'P°*' ^* *''"' 
which the hands may not touch,' 


ot: j^cAeron, a river of 

sprung from the froth {<i<jipui) of the called fr. Acheron ; c 

Hence an htrm-aphrodile' 
'Afpiis :'■ foam, froth.^See 'A^po- 

'A-fpoaivn '. folly, Ac, — Fr. li-fpo- 
iTi dat. plur. o{ G.-ippiei' fr. tppliv 

'Aipirji, a^piri] : a small kind of fish, 
as an anchovy, minnow, loach, bleach 
or sprat. — ' Said to spring from the 
foam (li(jipbs) of waters which is occa- 
sioned by showers,' Fac. But the ori- 
gin is very uncertain 

which river poplars and other sterile 
trees grew in abondaiice. Hercules, 
on his descent to Acheron, made a 
from it and carried it with him 
on his return,' Dm. ' Herculea bi- 
color cnm PoPiiLOs umbr& Velavit* 

Axi^' being in want. — For n-ex')''. 
fr. ^x"'' ^"^ ^^° ^^^ nothing 

"Avflot, eoi : a burden or weight ; 
trouble, grief. — Fr. fix'''"PP- of fiyu. 

.k) into jog.. 

4 to collect revenue! and wcollh. 

G ' From Aehaia, » tily of Crcle,' Schol. 

6 Or of a sug wKicb bunlimen call tcfaai- 

7 Bl.dwJTM il fr. x^. But a ii Iop|^, 

AX1 45 AY 

Onus qtocMl feHun L.* "Ax^cflriK Ax* P^l^> fiirfurqiie nociTum/ JEmU. 

Beh, Brt>ken by troubles Macer 

^X^XAeta, wv : a kiod of cake. — ^A}p: back, retro.-»T. e. hirsf ahi, 

*AxAXeia fx&Sa^ ixovod n (its clros) as «d fir. Air. * Nunquam accedo ad 

ii'aiperor^ Ijt *AxcXXeia eXe/ero rd te, quia a5« te abeam doctior/ Ter«, 

iX^trat* £• where abt implies return 

dxXvs, «o9, i : a dark cloud, thick &;/^'-i:opoc: who is tired of any thing 

darkness, obscurity ; the cloud of by simply touching it. — Fr. diptt fut. 

grief, ^x^^* Ifx^^^' — * ^^' ^X^^vr, of &irr<u, wh. Hirro/iac, and ardf^oc 

(from &x^0 bringing sorrow and woe ; &i^c-/Efaxo£ : qui leviter pugnam at- 

and hence emphatically, a kind of tingit, one who lightly enters on the 

cloudy darkness/ L; "Onw icXvpt A^f ^S^^ ^ skirmisher. — Fr. ft^xf' ^^ 

beoK^rovt f&yrfii' tnvyia yap re* iir* above 

&X^^s irein»rara£,'^ £scb. "AypivBos,^^ &i//ii/6iok: absinthium, 

^X^ : Any thing very thin and wormwood. — ' Temp'riug cMnfAtaii 

light on the surface of bodies ; chaff bitterness with sweets,' Randolph 

or husk; froth, foam; dew; down. * 'A)//(s, /^of , i^ : a connexion or link ; 

* — ^For d-4xyi7t fr* ^x^* ^^^^ which applied to the links or meshes of a 

does aot adhere or stay, £." net ; any curved link or chain as an 

"Axof , eof : pain, grief. — ^T. com* arch or wheel ; the pole or firmament, 

pares acke — Fr. &}f/ai pp. of &wTti, Compare 

t 'Axpas,'* dios, fi : a wild pear- hasp, Saxon hap$ 

tree "Aw : see after iielfw 

. Sypi and Ayfits : the same as fiiypi &^, fut. Aam : I sleep.— The same 

and fi^ptst as far as, as long as, until as aiw, wh. &€aa, which see 

4!^j(ypoy : chaff. — * Acus, Ax^'9 ^V "Atarov : a flower ; and, like ' flos ' 

pov,' Fac. EifBvs ^v r^ iLxvpo-h6Kj^^^ and * flower,' it is applied to the best 

iormi TO, &xifpa, Xen., The chaff will and most exquisite of any thing. — 

soon be on the chaff-heap Fr, iLou^&ht, I blow, as * flos' fr. 

'Ax<^f>» upos, 6 : a running sore of * flo,' L. 
the head. — ' Sic turpes acharas ^^ 


B' : 2. B, : 2000 fidtnckt, (iiuf, fielw : different forms of 

Ba/3ai : O strange, wonderful. — the same verb. The radical meaning 

The same as Trairai, pap<B appears to imply tendency, in the 

B^i/3a( : a babbler, chatterer, ha- iBense of tending upwards, downwards, 
rpnguer. — Fr. /3e/3aj3a£ai pp. of fia- or towards ; and is most aptly ex- 
j^^w, which is derived from the pressed by the Lat. * nitor.' They 
sound /3a/3aof habie$ or of children are used most commonly in the sen- 
haHUng, S« being a mere verbal ses of motion and advance. But ten- 
termination.^^ Ba£<tf is a simpler dency downwards is implied in the 
form ideas of leaning, resting, or of being 

Bdw, jS^fic,'^ (iifidu, fii^fih fialvt^, supported ; hence (^dw (like * nitor ' 

8 Compare ^pros from ^4pe9. things/ L. 

Tlie oake of Achilles, containing in it (as 12 G. derives it fr. a and xpdm, I use. That 

it woold seem) something choice, the flour of is, useless. 

which wascailed Achillea. 13 Fr. Moxa pm. of 94KM=^ix"» ^^* '^* 

10 Appear that jou may hear the woes of x^f^> ^ receive. 

my lord ; for some hateful cloud has being fly- 14 Incorrectly for achoras, as Fac* ob- 

bg over him. serves. 

11 < Fem. of (txt^s^ssHxi^os fr. &x^smm&Kos, 15 VMor r4p^is, Hes. 

aau, husk, chaff, and whatever rises to a very 16 So &^ta fr. &, ^wiint fr. ^c9, ffi^w is, (r), 

slender point (ficwnen). Hence it is transfer- jd^u fr. /iS, Bl. 

red to any thing, which being very thin and 17 Formed fr. fi4pfjnai pp. of /34w« 

lisht blooms, as it were, on the surface of 




Balyu : Bee /Bnw after (ii^al 
liaiiif. gradual, tliat which 
place by degrees, qui fit paulalim ; 
only a few or Biiiall ill number at a 
time (So, ' |>aul)i)i[n excaslris diace- 
tlere cosperiint,' Csesar. Not all to- 
gether, but few at a time); few, 
small in number or extent, — Fr. /3«/m 

^fiiiw. See ftair/v. Tu p6iov ai:fi.aifi 
I3aidy xporon,'° Epigr. 

" " j3a!vv: a. branch of palm. 


in Latin) ii used also for, 1 am lup- 
porled firmly, I am firmly fixed. The 
a. 1. i^ij^a is used actively, I caused 
to go. In Homer, • Why should I, 
wrelched woman, jSriofmiV is transla- 
ted by M., ' Why should 1 live? pro- 
perly, why should I walk upon the 
earth]' by J., 'Why should I go 
ON in life?""— Fr. /3*)3aKap. of^au 
is barulus, that on which 1 support 
myself; and fr. Pi^aaai pp. of /3d(u is 

basis, a base, that on which any ihing — ' Bay-color denotes a sort of red 
is fixed firmly. See d-/3aroi inclining to cliesnul. In this sense, the 

'Rahiiv : step by step, gradualljr, word bay is formed fr. batus and 
slowly : at a marching pace. — Fr. jiais, a palm branch ; so that bay 
jSdbi. See iiv-ilriv. Comp. ' grada- properly denotes, color phoeniceus. 
" e among the ancients bay-horsei 
were denominated, eijui palniati,' EB, 
/3a(ra : a countryman's leathern 
garment. — Tav 0aCrav /nw-ivs is ku- 
fiaTa Tiffa a\^u/iat,' Theocr. Baira 

ftd-Krihos: one of great stature. 
Jilt silly and addicted to women, Hes. 
A great he cowardly [or idle] fellow, 
N. It seems to be used also for a 
eunuch.' — ' Fr. jia [see the note on 
paiKali'iii], and kjiXvs ' fur KaeXos fr, 
" who burns with desire,' 

'gradually,' fr. 'gradior;' pas- 
sim ' and ' passus ' 

Ba^ifoi ; ladvanceslowly : 'I walk 
and not run ; I walk and not ride, 
— Fr. (idbiiv 

Baiofi a way or path. — BoBot ^ 
^a&iSa/iev. Comp. Lat. vado 

Bd£u, Ju: I babble, prattle, tali, 
speak.— See i3u/3n£ 

Badoi, eon depth, profundity; pre 
foundness. < The GreeUa use Iti 
word, to express an abundance of 
good or ill. Thus depth (/3afloO of 
evils or riehes, a deep {fiaSvs) mea- L. 
dow, deep old age, deep peace,' Bl. Baecapic i 
— Fr. iliie^pfi. 1. p. of /3au.; from "■ " ' 
the idea of tendency downwards. 
Hence bathos, the art of sinking in 
poetry. Of this word there are other 
forms. Pivdoi, iiodot, (wb. fiiOpos) ^v- 
66s, (ivaao^, wh, a-bysi 

Ba9/ioi:'° a step, gradus ; an ad- 
vance, advance to dignity, opposed t 
degradation, — Fr. ((ih^nv a. 1. p. c 
/3a w, gradior 

BaO^ic, lios, ii : a step ; the step chus, I'revel 
of a ladder; a prop or base. — .See hakaytlov :* 6a/nfum, a bath 
Ihe foregoing words BnXXw,' fiaWiu, $aXiui, liMv, /3Xg- 

B&$pov: a step; ladder; that on fti, ^e\iu>, /3oXcu : I throw, lliiow at, 
which we lean or rest; a seat ; bot- bitat; bit, strike; throw out, as ap- 
tom, foundation, — See the preceding plied to tears and shoots; throw 

nKj^apis: a sweet stnel- 
ling herb, supposed to drive off en- 
chantments, ' the herb sage of Jeru- 
salem, clown's spikenard, our Lady's 
gloves,' Fac, — ' Baceare frontem Cin- 
gile, lie vati noceat mala lingua fntu- 
ro.' Virg. 

'RaKTXipla and ^aKTpov : a Stafi*, a 
slick ; a rod, badge of power. — 
Fr. fiipata{p. of /3du) wh. baculus 

^a^xeuIll : I am inspired with Bae- 

2 Qi 

3se is at ill lieigbl or florialics I 
stripped oif my guraeal, I h 
ruDuchi et id genu! Eiominfs rn ^ 
t eliam illi $iia;\ai allqnuida t: 

» Qm9-^:fi>iaj^4M^-^J&^mi?iS. -^' 

ihat bj the Bb\oi'<ui, 
G A AU. a ralii 
m acccpit Jaciendi, ', 

M I flru. ' T^Xo! fuit, M- 

iCuluni in longum proleninm," 

B bolt ; hence BoKaiiAs. ona 
r in by fa^tCDing the bolt; 


away ; throw down money, place 
down, deposit or pay it ; strike up a 
treaty; cast in the mind, meditate 
6n. — ^Hence halUsta^ an engine to 
throw stones with ; hyper-hole ^ (virep- 
j3oX)/); pro'hlem'' (irpo-jSXi^/ua) ; fm- 
hlem;^ Bym-hol: &c. 

BaXavos,^ 4 : glans, an acorn, mast, 
chesnnt, &c. It is applied also to 
things having the form of the aco n. 
— Hence halanus^ a kind of chesnnt 
from which a perfume was taken : 
' Pressa tuis halanus capillis,' Hor. 
Also from fiSXavos, Dor. yaXaros, 
yXavos glons is supposed to be de- 

jSdXavof, ^i a bolt or bar. — Fr. 
IjSoXoK a. 2. of /SoXXitf. 'O fiaXKofieyos 
e/s ror fioyXoy, Schol. Thucyd. Qui 
injicitur pessulo, L. So iwi^pXr^s;*^ 
and ' obex, obicis ' and ' objicis ' fr. 
' objicio.' See flXfirpov 

'BaX&moy and fiaXKayrioy: a purse. 
— Fr. ifidXoy and /SoXXv. Hence 
Pint. : TO jSaXdvnov, kfi-pXtfiiyrot rov 
iipyvpiov, &c. 

BoX/3fs, lios, fi : the starting-place, 
goal ; beginning. — For fiaXU," fr. 
fiaX& fut. of /3aXXw, I cast or send.'* 
* Locus unde ii, qui cursu certant, 
EMITTUNTUR,' St. Or like fiaXot, 
fr, fi&w ; i. e. locus unde nitimur 

BaX^y, /3oXX7/v : a king. — * What- 
ever was round, and in particular the 
head, was called BAl^ Bel, Bol, BiiL 
Among the modern Persians the head 
is called Pok, IIoXos is the head or 
poll; and iroXeiP is to turn. B^Xos 
also signified a round ball, whence 
bowl and ball. Figuratively, the Phry- 
gians and Thurians by fiaXXrjy under- 
stand a king. Hence also in the 
Syriac dialects, /3aaX, ^X, fiiitX, is 
lord,' Bftxter 

BaXc3s: swift. As applied to stags, 
it is translated either swift or spotted. 

47 BAA 

— Generally derived fir. l/JaXdr a. 2. 
of fi&XXw. The sense of swift might 
be derived from any thing thrown 
rapidly* Ormston derives the sense 
of spotted, from a color thrown or 
interspersed on another. ' The win- 
ged coursers . . • Xanthus and Bd- 
lius, of immortal breed. Sprung from 
the wind, and like the wind in speed/ 
Pope's Iliad 

BdXXw : see after fiaXaytiov 

BaXof and firjKot : a threshold. — 
Fr. /3d«. Limen quo nitimur vel 
unde nitimur, L. * NuUi fas cas^o 
sceleratum insistbrb limen,' Juv. 

^aXtraitoy : balsam 

liafifia : an immersion. — For /3d^ 

/tia *' fr. fiefiafifiai pp. of /Jd»rr«. 
Hence /3a/i/3aicevw, I immerse in wa- 
ter, dilute ; and ii'liajifi&Kevros, undi- 

Bafifialydf and PaftfiaXXia: I stut- 
ter, stammer, falter in speech. — Fr. 
the sound, as balbus and balbutio, 

fiafifiaKis, Ihott 4 : an instrument 
for putting color or paint on the foce. 
— Fr. Pdfifia, immersion, dye 

BafiflaXliti : I stammer and chatter 
through extreme cold. — See /3af»- 

^avavtros i a worker at the furnace, 
an artificer. — Fr. Pavos, wh. i:X/-j3a- 
yo$f L. 

Bdirrw, t^bi : I dip, immerse ; dye 
by immersion, tinge, color. — Hence 
fiaml^ia, I baptize ; and a baptist 

Bapadpoy :'^ a deep pit ; a pit for 
criminals at Athens. — ' Atque imo 
barathri ter gurgite vastos Sorbet,' 

BapPapot : using a vicious and un- 
couth pronunciation ; barbarous, fo- 
reign, as opposed to the Greeks; 
rude, unpolished ; fierce. — From the 
harsh sound /3ap fiap '^ 

A mode of speaking bj which we shoot 
bejond the mark, exaggeration. 

7 That which b cast down or placed before 
OB, a proposition. 

8 In-laj, enamel ; as, ' Underfoot the vio- 
let, Crocns, and hyacinth, with rich inlay Broi- 
der'd the groond, more coloPd than with stone 
Of costliest emblem,* Milton. Also, that which 
is cast as in a mould, a stamp or mark, as 
Shakqpeare : ' The rod and bird of peace, and 
all soch emblems** 

9 Fr. HfioKov t^ 2. of fid\\». That which 

a tree sends forth. 

10 Pessulos, repagolum, vectis ; ez eo qnod 


11 Comp. fi6\fierov and fi6\iTov. 

12 So iup-erfipioM ir. Iroi pp. of ([», the 
same as fiJk\», 

13 So fioXyhs and poXyhs, &c. 

14 Fr. fiapbs : i. e. a place into which bo- 
dies sink by their gravity, L. 

16 So L» and Fac. We are informed by 
Drusitts that the Syriac har meana, withoat^ 

BAP 4a 

Bop/Jcrofy 4 : a harp» lute. — * Age 
die Latioum, Barbite, carmen/ Hon 

PapBtffTos : See fipaivs 

Bapos, '^ eof : a weight, burden, 
load. — Hence baro -meter. ^"^ Fr. /3o- 
pvTfis is derived hrutus, as ' ^rtffa tel« 
lus ' in Horace 

hdpis or fidptg, tog, tios, i : a vessel 
or boat ; any thing inclosed like a 
boat, as a tower, &c. — Fr. Boris, a 
city of Egypt, where this ship was 
used, BI.'^ ' Baridis et contis rostra 
Liburna sequi,' Propert. Hence G. 
derives barea, a bark 

Bapvs: heavy. — Fr.fiapos > 

Bdaaros, ^ : a stone with which 
gold is tried, touchstone ; a trial ; a 
trial made by torture; a trial, distress, 
sickness. — ' Near Thebes in Egypt is 
the Mons Basanites, or mountain of 
touchstone, from which the Egyptians 
used to make ornamental vases and 
household utensils,' Butler 

BaoriXcvs :'^ a king, rex, regulus. — 
Kvpos (iaciKevs fiaaiKriiav, Epitaph ; 
Cyrus king of kings. Hence the 
basilic ^ of St. Peter in Rome ; and 
basilisk ' 

Ba«r/Xcffi:os : a basilisk; also, a wren, 
regulus. — See fiatriXevs 

B&ffts, eois, if : a footstep, gradus^ 
gressus ; a foot ; the base of a co- 
lumn. — See /3aw after fidfia^ 

BatTKahia :* I kill ; I enchant with 
the eyes, fascinate, bewitch; I am 
malignant, or envious; I revile. — 
Hence /a«ctRo (for bascino),^ * Nescio 
quis teneros ocuLUS mihi /ascinat 
agnos,' Virg. * Maia fascinare lin- 
gua,' CatuU. 

* BdffKas : some bird 

Bdflnco) : see I3d(a after fidfiai^ 

Baero&pa : a priestess of Bacchus ; 

• 16 Fr. fidu, L. That is, tendency down- 

17 A machine for measuring the weight 
of the atmosphere. 

18 ' Dam accuratins omnes, quos fidpis in- 
duit, significatasrevolvOyde etymologiarumfal- 
laci studio aliquantisper edoctus, eo pene de- 
labor, ut nulla plane Hebraic! hyrh m h. v. 
animadvertam vestigia ; idque cum Fhavorino 
a fiipos, deriyandum statuam. Convenit in 
primis significatus ; pariter sermonis Gr. ana- 
iogia, ut a fidpos aescendat fidpa. Dantur 
tamen alia, quae huic origination! obstant Fo- 
tius igituT nil qnidquam statao quam quid te- 

19 Commonly darif ed fr. fidtns and \tia : 


a prostitute. — ^ Non ego te, candide 
Bassareu, Invitus quatiam,' Hor. 

Baaadpa : a fox. — Some derive 
Bassareus fr. fiaaadpa, a fox ; because 
the Bacchanals were clothed with 
foxes' skins, Fac« 

Bdffffuy: deeper. — Fr. jSa^f* See 


Baardita, trut: I carry, bear, sup* 
port, hold up; hold in my hand. 
— Fr. fidoTot, one who leans or on 
whom any thing leans ; fr. /3<£i#, L. 
Biton, anciently baston [wh, basti' 
nado, a beating with a stick], is fir. 
fiaaros, which is properly a stick to 
CARRY burdens with, Mor. 

BdraXos i cinsedus. — ^ A fi&ti est 
fidros, unde /3ar€ci>, quod de co-ito 
animantium ponitnr. Sic et /Jarotf, 
unde (idraXos, L. Sic et jSoiVw, fidim^ 
Piviu, parevia lioc sensu dicuntor 

Barevw : 1 go.— «Fr. fiifiartu pp. of 

Bdros, 6 : a Hebrew measure.— 
* Ten acres of vineyard shall yield 
one bath,' Isaiah 

Bdros, 4: a bramble, thoni. — B^«t 
&-finros, A thorn which you may not 

Barir, ibos, 4 : the thom-back, a 
sea-fish. — Fr. fidros, a thorn 

fidrpaxos: a frog. — For j3bd-r|Mtxof, 
from its having po^y Tpa\€lav, a rough 
voice, £M.^ Hence Batracko-uafO- 
machia,^ the Greek name of Homer's 
Battle of the Frogs and Mice 

BarrapiSaf and Parro'Xoyiti i I re* 
peat over and over, ravto-Xoyim; I 
repeat over and over like one who 
stutters. — From one Battus, who 
composed long and verbose hymns^ 
expressing the same thing again and 
again, Schl.^ ' That heathenish kH- 

i. e. one on whom the people rest. 

20 These boiilics were first made for tbc 
palaces of princes, and afterwards conTerted 
into courts of justice, and lastly into chnrcbea, 

1 Afabulons serpent, feigned to have oa 
its h«ad tofts in the form of a crown. 

2 From fiit (a Cretan augmentative prafis 
like fioh) ; and leadyw, I kill. So fioffisaplffm 
for oKoplaraif $<urTpaxri^(rM for rpaxtiKUrmtf L. 

8 So < fremo ' fr, fipifm. 

4 L. thinks j3a is the Cretan augmentative 
prefix. See note on fieuTKcdw, 

6 Bcerpaxo-fivo-iMxia', fr. fivs, f-v^s, nun; 
and fuix4«, I fight. 

Ot bom Battus, a Cyrenean king. See 




tology of multiplying words/ Milton 

Boi^tf or fiaictmi I bark like a 
cub ; speak in a muttering manner. 
— Ft. the sound /3avj3av. So Lat. 

fiavKoKAw. St. says : ' Hes. informs 
us that fiavKaXqy is, to lull boys to 
sleep by singing. But Lucian uses 
the word in another sense : 'Ert^vvv- 
tnay ror AyGprnwov, (iavKokwy, Kai 5ca- 
"Kmhrnri^wv.' This other sense he 
does not explain. Benedict translates 
it here, cantillo. J. translates it, I 

* BavffciXtfy iif and (iavKoKiovi a 
Tessel with a narrow mouth, from the 
sound it makes, while water is poured 
into it ; for then it /3oi^ei/ baubatur, 
St. It is specially used of a cooling* 

fiavtcos : little, pretty, nice ; fiavKi^ 
http delicate shoes used by women of 
quality ; fiavKo^iray-ovpyo$f^ one who 
is cunning in little things, meanly 
cunning, J. 

BAu: see after ^a/3a; 

B^dXXw : J squeeze out by sucking 
or milking. — B^aWctf ws ^biWa^ 1 
suck like a leech 

B^XXa : see fihaXXta 

BbiXKiov: an aromatic gum, or 
tree bearing the gum. — ' And the gold 
of that land is good ; there is bdel- 
Hmm^ and the onyx-stone,' Genesis 

0hi9t : I break wind ; smell offen- 
sively. — Pedo (wh. podex) is fr. fiihia 
i. e. fihita^ or fr. vipbut, Fac. 'Tiro rov 
h^vs fib4ovaa, Aristoph., Ob limorem 

fibtXiwaofiai: I turn away from as 
from an offensive smell, I execrate, 
detest.— Fr. fibiht 

/3^6\Xw: used in the senses of 
fihi^i and (ibeXvaffOfjLnt.-^Fr. fthvw= 

Bifiatosi resting firmly, secure, 
steady.— Fr. /3^/3aa fr. fidw, St. 

Bi/3ifXos : accessible to all, com- 
mon, profane. — Fr. i3e/3a(tf=/3dw, I 
go or come. So atyrfXos fr. aiydw, 

Beipuf : see fidraXos 

Bc/cm: see j3d(tf after /3a/3a; 

ficKKe-oiXriyot : ' one who has 
eaten much bread and lived many 
months,' Scap. ' One who lived be- 
fore bread and the moon,* Hederic. 
Old, decrepit, delirious. — Fr. fiiKKos 
and aeXiiyrj. Herodotus mentions that 
Psammitichus, wishing to know what 
people were the most ancient, deliver- 
ed two children to a shepherd to bring 
up in a solitary cot; and ordered 
that no one should speak in their 
presence; that one day, when the 
shepherd entered, they both cried 
out becot : that Psammitichus dis- 
covered that becos in the Phrygian 
language was bread ; and gave tba 
Phrygians the palm of antiquity 

hiXos, 60S : a missile weapon, dart„ 
stone, thunderbolt, &c. — Fr. fiiXv, 
See /3dXX(tf. So ' jaculum' fr. ' jacio' 

BeXdyif : a needle ; the needle-fish. 
— Perhaps fr. fiiXos, (as iuedyff fr. &K09 
or &Kw), from the form or the point 

BeXrepos and /3eXr<(i»r : better. — Fr. 
ftiXkt, as ipiprepos fr. i^ipw. 1. e. one 
who STRIKES his mark better than 
another. Metaphorically, it refers to 
prudence and judgment, L. It is 
properly, more sagacious, M. Belter 
seems of the same origin as fiiXrepot 
[ficXrep] and Persian behter, Val. 

fiifiiirii,^ fiififii^f h'- a top with 
which boys play. — Bofifldy &s /3^/u/3c{, 
humming like a top 

Bivbis : Diana among the Thra- 
ciaiis. — Hence Beyhihia, her festival. 
' Romaiiorum primum agmen extra 
saltum circa templum Bendidium 
castraloco aperto posuit,' Livy 

BkyQoi, €0$ : depth. — A form of 
fiddos, as niydos of ird0os 

Bipedpoy : the same as (idpadpoy 

BepoviKlbes: a kind of woman's 
shoes. — Doubtless from Queen Bero^ 
nice or Berenice, St. 

• fi€pe(rj(€Oos ; the deity of folly. — 
* It is folly to advance words without 
meaning. Thus Bereschethus is a 
name formed without analogy,* Gas. 
' It is a fictitious word, with scarcely 
any Greek in it,' Dindorf. Bepitrxe^ 
dot re Kai KdfiaXoi Kai /xodufyes, Ari- 

Herod. 4, 165. 

7 Compare $oft06\.fi> 

8 From veil and Kpyoy, 

9 Pro &40ri^ a i3c/9V«'« & fi^fiiM^&dm ; a 
nitcndu in orbcm, L. 




BevW, CDC : a vest 
■ " the aonnd of sheep.—' Vox 
oTiiim non mie, led bee, sonare vide- 
lur," Varro 

BriKos : see 0a\6s 

Bvf"' '"'<" '• a slep, foolslep ; gra- 
dus, a laciiter; a plice ascendeii bv a 
ladder, tribunal, pulpil. ^Fr. pUfti 
(which aee in 0au after /3d/3a£) or /3e- 
^^,ta, pp. of jiiu 

Bqpl/X^oI : a precious stone. — 
• M»y the billows roll ashore Tlie 
>erjr/and ihe golden ore,' Millon 

B^trvai : placei on niounttiins 
through which we may go. So vai- 
teye are said to be ^ii^aiifiTa, i. e. 
says Si., having many paths. — Fr. 

^fu ful. of /3au 

^j,aau and /l^rru, £« : I cough. — 
Fr, p. 00rixa ia i^nl, iix"s. " tough. 
'Ej aiiTUV TTTapfiiis iw-tytyy^TO ; lal er 
oil iroXXy J(P'^''9 nar-iftaiyey ci r^i' 
cdpS/av 6 Tiiiyos peril ^IX'" '>''X"P°^r '° 

Bi)r-«p;i(it^f : persnne who trip it 
whh just and appropriate eleps or iu 
concert. — Fr. /3£/3i)ro(pp. of /3au, and 
6pfiai {pp. of fipw) wb. karmont/ 

Ria : energy, vehemence, violence, 
vis; force, sirenglli. Bi'^, per vim, 
by force and compulsion, against the 
will.— Fr. 0l(a^(iau, iiitor, L. Heiife 
perhaps htiu," an inclination or ten- 
dency to one aide. See jJnui 

Bi^dfu: 1 make to go, — For/S<i£u 

Bi^Kes : an Egyptiun plant of Ihe 
bark of which was made paper; a 
book.— Hence ffifiU.-v, a tablet or 
book, wh. lite Bible (i. e. the Book), 
biblio-grapht/, &c. 

Bi'ros : a vessel, nrn, pitcher, Jar.^ 
N. compares beker. ' Bicktr in ibe 
Norlhumb. diiilect is a quart vessel,' 

Biyew : see 0ara>.',>! 

B<M;-Mife; means of living.— H. 
Mmpki-biovi and bie-graphg 

10 After the»thingi succeedci 
and not long sfieT ihe Oltlreis df 
Uie hrarl with a vinlent cougl]. 

11 Biaii, buiiiFr., eaiil Ui re 
an old OsMlisb »ortl, gignif^tng cr 

pRilnbilily, be refecnd io fiia! T 
13 See fiiloixai Id Saa. 
IS Fi. P\aiiB=0Xia and B^ia, 


Biic a bow.— Fr. /3(«=/3doi, ni- 
tor; from the notion of a person vio- 
lently straining, L. Xiiy liitf reiyuv 
/3iai*, To stretch a bow with violence 

C\ai9bi and jiXtain : '^ one wlio is 
distorted in his legs ; or hurt in his 
speech, a stammerer. — Hence Lat. 

B\a£, gen. ^Kntht : AB-JECTUS 
prx luxu vel fatuilute, St. Silly, dull, 
snpine, sluggish. — Fr. 0fl3Xara p. of 
/3Xrfw=/3\4, wh. /50\i)i.-a: i. e. de- 
ject II 5, -dbjeclus, L. 

BXdTTTu., \pio: 1 hurt, injure i de- 
prive. — B/as-phemia, [/JXoir-^iipia 
for ^ka^^-ifjiiiia,] is fr. ^AaTru and 
ipriitti, faniu. 1. c. Iangiia<ce hurting 
the reputation of another. Fee. Com- 
pare efo-0\a0iu, 

BXi'uand^Xuecu: I flow; make to 
flow, pour out. — Fr. (ikva is pethaps 
Jluo. So * fremo' is fr. fiplfiu 

BAnoTFU, llXaerAyni : 1 breflk or 
shool furifa, germinate : make lo ger- 
minate. — Fr. )3ip\aiTTai pp. of iiXaai 
=0\f^, •■* I shoot out. Mor. com- 
pares the low Latin bludum, a blade 
of corn 

BXucr-^tj^id : ohloipiy ; blaspkemg. 
—See /SUtttui 

iiXavrai : shoes or sandals.— Ae- 
Xovjiefoy re xni rits (JXaurnt viro-htleiU' 
,0^." Plato 

B\^vi'a : mucus flowing from the 
nose. - Fr. fiU,^=0\i<^. L. ' Stulti, 
Btolidi; fatui, fungi ; \>tii\), bUnai,'"' 

B.\i™, V"" : I see. look at. Oi ^X^ 
irofTEc, the seeing, is used for Ibe 
living, in opposition to the dead. — 
BXiirovret dJf ^X^iTODin." NT. BXinor- 
ret /JXei^ere, Kal no fiii lirjrt," Id. 

BXeV>'>P"i' : 'be eye-lid. — Fr. ^(3Xe- 
^n p. of ^XiVu. Appertaining to ifae 

BX^u and /3Xrj^i : see /3(tXXu 
BKr/rpiiy: an iron clasp or hoop pot 
round Ihe shaft of a spear at certain 
intervals in order to brace il, J. — Fr. 

16 Waslied and hav 

16 SecK^pufa. 

17 a«mBthcjseei 

18 Seeing je shall ! 

wotd. Comp. 
induli (Led DD. 




0^fiXnrat pp. ©f fiKhf. For 4/i^- 
'pXfirpov, See fiaKavo% ' 

B\7fyil^fuii : laid of sheep bleating. 
BA^, a bleating. OlZv re P^nx^r 
Uteowtra^*^ Horn. 

BXiTXpof : weak, infirm. — Fr. flifiXri' 
•ra p. of fi\4ia. I. e. thrown down, de- 
jectus, L. 

+ BXiix**,*** 4, and /3X^x«^f, 6 : the 
bcrb pennv-royal or pudding-^rass 

BX/ro»', pXirrov : an insipid, useless 
herb, blit. Mite, or blits 

hXrro-fiiiftfjtat : one who is as use- 
les« as biit, and as silly as an infant 
)ierpetiially calling its mother.' — Fr. 
fM&ftLfifi, mamma 

BX/rro;, /SXvrrw : I squeeze or press 
ovt^ as honey from the hive, or milk 
from Hie teat.— Fr. /3X{^w and j3X/«, I 
make to flow out ^ 

/SX«/Efa£c# : I squeeze or press, ap- 
plied to persona |>ressing the breasts 
of birds when buying them ; I excite 
IB myself desire by feeling. — Fr. fii- 
ffki/iat pp. of piKirrw or /3X/« ; or fr. 
0\i9a and fia$6s 

pkovvpoM : terrible, horrid ; severe, 
stero -or grave; horrid as applied to 
woods, as Pope : ' In ithelter thick of 
horrid shade.' — /ietr'-wwoi, fiXoavpol re, 
ba-foiyoi r\ &-jrXiyrof re, Hesiod 

BXowy p\t0ffKbH I shoot up, ad- 
▼aoce IB height ; advance, approach. 
* As persons coming from a distance 
seem more and more to grow taller 
and larger, it is used for, I approach,' 
L.— Fr. /3oX^«». * If the first syllable 
has an 9, this is retained after syn- 
cope in the prtncipal syllable, but 
coalesces with the termination ew 
into III ; /3oX^w, fiXdw, ^Xwvkw ; fiopicj, 

yvitaKw ; Oeffitt, dpdm, Op&aKw ; trro- 
pim^ arp6^, crp&pyvfn ; ropitj, rp6b>, ri- 
Tpif^tM* do OyfffTKut fr. 6ay6»,' M. 

19 And I beard the Ueating of sheep. 
ao Fr. fiXfixim, * Gustatuiu a pecore caprU- 
que B A LATUM concitat,' Pliny. 

1 Qai infantis instar matrem perpetuo vocan- 
^ omplex et stolklns efit, Hm. 

2 Some trace fikirru through p\l$o» to 

a Fr. the sound, L. Orfr. fieSs, 

4 ' Rondolet says that in Gallia Narbonen- 
iis it is called boguey Fac. 

6 Fr. fiStf, I feed, L. Some derive it fr. the 
floond made by oxen. 

6 The moaey^ not Uterally, but as it were 
pressed the tongue and prevented it from speak- 

See /3aXX(tf 

BXvw, /3Xv^w: See after /3X4dmif 

BX»6pos: tali. — Fr. fiXudia fr. 
j3X6u), as fipuidkf fr. /^w. See j3Xot# 

fiXtifios : a mouthful.— Fr. /3^/3Xw- 
fiat pp. of/3Xo(i>, cresco, protubero: L 
e. qui OS quasi protuberans efficit, L. 

Bodw,^ fiod : I roar, bawl out^ vo> 
ciferate. — H. boo, reboo 

poa^, at:os: < With Pliny /te| is 6oi 
or box; with others baca or bocea^ as 
Isidorus : Boccas dicnnt etiam BOVBS 
MA RINGS, quasi beacas. Festus: 
Becas genus piscis a boattdo. It is 
called also /3oa£ and f^orji, fr. /3o^/ 
Ritterhuis. * So also jfio-iif^, from its 
eyes being like those of oxen,' Fac. * 
* Bw{, i5irof» a SBA-CALF ; beoce 
pkocOj'). See <^bNci| 

Boi;s, gen. poos,^ 6, ^: an ox, a 
cow ; an ox-hide ; money stamped 
with the figure of an ox. Hence the 
Greeks said, an ox on the tongue, lo 
denote that a person was bril^ and 
dared not use his toagae.^—- Hence 
bos, bois or bo Vis 

hoevs : a thong from ox-hide.-*— Fr. 
tbe preceding 

Porj-hpofiim : I run to the cry of 
another, 1 run to help, I help. — Fr. 
fiori^ fr. fioauff and bitpofjia pm. of 

fiofj-dikf : I ran to the sbout of war, 
or with the shotit of war, I run to the 
fight, attack ; defend.^ Unless this 
sense proceeds from tbe notion cf 
running to the cry of another. — Fr. 
M And d^iii, I run." UoBey fiog^s 
HKtw&u voXefjuariiplas ; Iloc j0h) /3o^ 
06<k;9 Aristoph. Compare tiic ex- 
pression of Homer, (ioffyiLyaOos Mei/^- 

Bodptit and fli^yes : a ditch or pit. 
— Fr. fi6eo$^fi6dos 

Bondyvi, fioyKuyif, ^K&y^ :'° buccima, 

ing. This seems more natural than to explain 
it with Suidas of the fine imposed on persons 
who spoke out ; or with Bl., of the custom of 
holding money in the mouth, which they col- 
lected ftroni the sale of Uieir goods. 

7 Compare ufidiw, 

8 L. derives it fr. /So^, simply. See however 

9 Whence did I hear this war cry ? Whither 
should 1 run to assist ? 

10 Donhtless fr. fiCxos (wh. bucca) fr. /3^- 
fivKti p. of/$^; so that jB^jcoris that which 
fills the mouth, bucca : hence fivKdmii, apper- 
taining to a mouthful, L. 

BOK ; 

a trumpet 

* BoKi^ptot, Epigr. : an uncertain 
word, but supposed by Br. and Gro- 
lius to be apruper name 

BA^a : the malrice or womb, — 
H. Lat. vulva 

BoX^ot: a round root, leek,ouion. 
— Fr. ficXIJu). (fr. oXoi) Lai. volvo. H. 
bulb, bulbous roots 

BoXq: anything cast, thrown, or 
shot, as a weapon, thunderbolt, sun- 
beam, &c. — Fr. ^iiio\a pm. of 
/3l\u. See /3dAX<j. T. compare 
will) PoXlt 

BoX/5w: I make a ^oM or 
with a line or plummet 

B^XiTDv, ^iXfl.Toy. rcjicuiiim. any 
thing thrown away, refuse ; dung, spe- 
cially of aaaes. — Fr. /3oA^ 

Bofijios: bombus, the humming of 
bees. — Fr. the souud ftofi /Jo/i ; wh . a 
bumble-bee and a bomb 

BofiliA^and l3ofi(iaXo0oti^a^: 
cose word formed fr. liofifids : ' 
burly, hey-day,' J. 

BofifiiXil- a bumble or humi 




Up, ami to be made 
L. See above 


Ibe lollH* 

Bopiai, '" 
wind ; the no 

v.i: b 


the uoflL 



Bi„v« : Se 

e before 


D of L>l. 

/5cjffrpv)(0j : hair i 
/3drpuxDs'> fr. (i6Tp 
grapi's. El-irkiKTov 

clusters.— For 

I, a cluster of 

liirpvy K6fiiii, 

9 bell 

Burptif, ij : said of all kind of au- 
lUDin fruit, although sometimes said 
spetilieally of the fruit of the viue. of 
grapes and clusters of grapes, St-hl. 
— Fr. jie0oTai pp. of /3«*,. ' The out- 
side is thick set with batri/oitl '^ ef- 
florescences, or small knobs yellow, 
bluish, and purple,' Woodward 

Bou -. a prefix, expressing greataeis 
or hugeness, i. e. a likeness in size to 

v/iaXosi llie wild ox, bubalui, 
ilo, wh. ft«^.'^— Fr. 

liurly bufalua, 


ie\ \ 

making the sound of the j3o^/?n 

any thing is poured into it or out of it 

Bififiul, VXDS, i: a kind of wasp. 
Also, an animal like the silk-woroi, 
and perhaps the very same," wli. 
botnbycinui, bombasin. — Fr, fiifi^os 

BdfQiroc,'^ liai-aaaos: the bonassui, 
n kind of buffalo. 

Bou), " />D7ru : I feed, lead to pas- 
ture.— Fr. jJipOTtii pp. is/Joriii'i), (wh. 
botanif) grass or herb. Fr. pdatoi is 
pro-boteit. See irpo^atU 

Bopa : food ; nuurishment. — Fr. 
jS(!p»,Lat. voro; or fr. P6,^=ii6axu 

BopjiofiiSiii : applied to the ruun- 
bling of the intestines. — Fr. the sound 
/9op fiop, like KopKopiiSia fr. xop top ; 
and Lat. ' murmuro' fr. ' tnnr mur,' 

veiling in 
a herb, 

: dang produced from /^o- 

It seims properly to be 

»ed of filth putrefying aud bubbling 

Bovpiiv : the groin; s 
)uLh, the groin, a bubo 
Khen thu-yXuajoi : bu-gloi 

from its resemblance to an ox's 
tongue. — Fr. 0ovi and yXiooa 

* Boii-htia: Minerva, from her 
binding oxen to the plough, Tz. 
From ^oSt and biia 

Bov-tiaXoi : a feeder or attendantof 
catlle.-Fr. &ois and KiXov, food. 
Hence the Buco/iw of Virgil 

BouKokiui : 1 soothe by care and 
altenlion, bfguile (pain).— Fr. /3o«-«ii- 

BoliXbi, 0av\o/xai : I wish, desire. — 
'Fr. /SiiXu, fr. /3iiAXu ; 1 cast my 
mind toward any thing,' L. ' The 
future uTiW, originally u7o/, is the same 
as fiovX, and vol for volo. Ama-bo 
is, amare ^ouXoftai,' Val. 

BcuX^: will, design, purpose; ex- 
pression of my will, desire, delibera- 
tion, couusel. — BouXu, 1 wish; /3ou- 
Xttiu, I will. 'H hi Kat,) iiovXi, r^0ot,' 

11 Fac.iB 'twDibji' ma; be coDiulted. 

12 Fnin S^rls=Bin,i'is, L. 

13 Ferbapi fr. 0ais, 0ois. 

14 ^r. the same rnut u ffopd. I. e. lorat 
derouiiug. From Ihe nalucc of this wind, L. 

JB 8o K ■ ■ 

17 ' Novi majeBlfltcra houm, el ab hit drci 
pleraqiiB magna, ut hu-marnmam,' Tntro. 

18 Bii^is Ihc bvffle or wild ni ilielf, Lai. 
biffalu* for tmbaiut fr.fioA^aAai, T. 




Xcvflravrc KaKiorri,^^ Hesiod 

Bovi'os : a high place, mound ; a 
higb heap ; an altar. — For fiovoi fr. 
/36w=sfiaia, L. From the notion of 
tending upwards. See fiau. 'Aovi'os, 
a Celtic word, or rather the Celtic 
mode of expressing fiovyos, a hill/ J. 
With the Celtic T. compares a down 
or downs 

fiov'irafjuav ". possessing cattle. — Fr. 
fiovB, and ir^nafAai pp. of iraw 

Bovs : see after /3ott£ 

l^ovT^t : a herdsman. — Fr. fiovs 

Bov^ofioy : a plant, called the wa- 
ter-gladiole. — Perhaps fr. fiov and r^- 
TOfjM pm. of rifAvta, from its vehe- 
mently cutting the hands 

Bo^-rvpov : butprum, butter. — Fr. 
fiovs, and rvpot, any thing coagulated 

B<W : see before fiopa 

Bf>a/3evs: the decider of a contest, 
the adjudger of the reward to the 
successful combatant. — * Brave, fr. 
Lat. bravium, fr. I3pa0€iov, the re- 
ward of victory,* Mor.*° 

PpafivXoy : a damson, bullace, or 
sloe. — ^Oaov fAoXoy fipafivKoio "Abioy,^ 

Bpayx^f^, Mv : the gills of a fish. — 
From their serving the office of the 
Ppayxos or wind-pipe. ' Reddit morti- 
ferosexpirans branchia flatus,' Auson. 

Bpdyxos, ov and eos : affection of 
the wind -pipe, hoarseness. Properly 
the wind-pipe. — See j3payx*«' There 
are four forms : fipdyxos, /Bpoy^os, 


Bpaivs: heavy, dull, slow. — For 
Papabvs fr. (iapos, L. Hence Lat. bar- 
dus: * Zopyrus stupidum esse Socra- 
tem dixit et bardum, Cic. V^apbiaroi is 
used for $pahttrros 

fipadbi, Ppaacrta, pparrio : I make to 
boil or bubble ; 1 agitate, put in agi- 
tation as fire agitates water when 
boiling, Tapdrrta : I shake about, sift. 
— 'Oaria b* avre Bi(^atnai ypvj(p^ 

19 Bad coansel is roost bad to the counsellor 

SO Brmbeum^ brabhtm, or braxfium, the re- 
ward of victory, fipafiwtVf Fac. 

1 As much as an apple is sweeter than a 
damson. "AZtov Doric form of Ifitor. 

3 ' To bray ; (second meaning) to make an 
offensive, hajrsh, or disagreeable noise ; Gr. 

/¥^X^/ T. 

8 llie primary roeanins of ^vBcs appears 
to me to be that of sweTliDg and ^yicos, TH. 

Tpbe vap* Tr/toi'i, Epigr. 
* Bpdicayoy : some herb 
ftpcLKost €os : a garment. — For paKos, 
£. That is, Fpdk'os. J. compares Lat. 
braccae, breeches 

Bpaaauy : more slow. — Fr. fipah^u 
See iaaoy 

Bpa-^^ltay, ovos, 6 : the arm, proper- 
ly from the elbow to the hand. — 
' Comparative of Ppa\vs, short ; as 
rax/<i>v of rayvi ; i. e. a SHORTER 
part or member of the body,' L. 
Hence Lat. brachium 

Bpaj^vs : short, brevis ; of short 
duration, brief; of short extent, 
small. "Aiia fipa^ios, things worthy 
of short consideration, things of no 
moment. Bpa^^a, like Lat. brevia, is 
used for shallows. — See Ppayitty* 
Hence a tri-brach, a foot of three 
short syllables, like Ppaxj^ci 

Bpa^f*' : said of things crashing or 
cracking. — Fr. the sound, St. L. So 
break, Goth, brak. Hence Lat. brae* 
tea: * Sic leni crepitabat bractea ven- 
to,' Virg. Perhaps bray^ may be com- 
pared : ' Heard ye the din of battle 
h^ay?' Gray 

BpeiceK^, l3peK€K€Kki : sounds resem- 
bling the croaking of frogs 

Bpifiof : I make a vehement noise, 
roar, rage. — H. L&l.fremo 

fipeydvofJiai : I swell with conceit 
and vanity ;^ carry myself conceited- 
ly, stalk about. ' It may also be trans- - 
lated, I swell with anger, like proud 
men thinking themselves neglected or 
injured. It -seems to have also the 
sense of, fremo, fipi/nat 1 mutter, am 
indignant and threatening,' St. — 
Bpeydvei r iy ralffiv oSois, icai tu) '06aX- 
fii) wapa'fid}<\€i,^ Aristoph. 

(ipiras, to : a statue of the Gods. — 
Allied to fipoTos,^ a man. * Bperas is 
properly an image of a God in the 
form of a MAN,*Cas. 

Ppei^os, eos : a child in embryo ; a 

From fierit fidpovs 0^, sajs the EM. This 
may lead to the derivation. For, as ir4vBos and 
Tfiffos, fi(p0os and $d$6i are allied, so fipiyOos 
might be allied to $pdBos for fidpa0os it. $ipos 
(as fipaibs fr. $dpos). I. e. a certain grarity of 

4 You walk conceitedly in the streets and 
cast your eyes askannt. Bpfv^ct, the Attic 
form of $p^vw^. 

6 This is unnecessarily ridiculed by Bl. on 
iElsch. Th. 169. 

cliild recently born ; a babe ; litlle 
chilli. — For rpiifiii!,^ E.^ifot ^epojTu 

BpE^u, /3)ji)(<u ; 1 wet, moisleii ; 
moisten ilie mouUi, driak. Conip. 
Lat. ' niadiduB.' — L. (iifriTes these 
from [/3(/JpEk-a and /Ji/3^iuta p. of] 
flpiu and (iflii,' which ma}' be com- 
pared with briie, anti im-brue. Fr. 
fiffipo^a pin, are, lo em-brocate and 

Bp^^n, aroi : tlie lop part of the 
liead, tlie bregma.^^Vr. lii^ty^ai «r 
Piflpeyfim pp. of /3fj^)£«. For in iii- 
faiils lliis part is alwajs very moist, 
Mor. Dm."' 

Bpi: weightily, mighlJIy. — Fr./3d- 
pt" fr, ^apit=iiapvs, L.'^ Compare 

Bpiapis • weigbly, iniglilT. — Fr. 
j3pT, ' Et ceutuutgeminua Briareu»,' 

fipiobi : I am strong aud mighty ; 
make strong. — Fr. (ipl. Compare the 
preceding. 'Pin /lir ^piiet, pea hi 
lipi&oyra ■}(a\iirrei,^^ Hesiod 

Bp^fv, fu: I am h^avy with sleep, 
nod. Hence ii-/3pii, vigilantly.— For 
0apl£u,'* reB graves iutitor ; fr. ^a- 
pls=liapis, L. 

Bpfdu : I am heavy ; heavily laden ; 
incline downwards by weight; press 
heavily on any thing; am strong or 
powerful. — Coinp. /3p( and (ipiSui 

Bpifi&ofiai'^ and -uo/iai: 1 rage with 
aDger, (ipi^u 

RpilA&,i>at, if. Hecate, Proserpine. 
— Fr. j0pi;U^u, wh, lipifiiofiai. From 
h«r furious and mrnacin; 

t BPO 

ing or noise. — Fr. jUppofia pm. of 

Bpo/viDs : Raccbiis. *— Fr, ^piftDs. 
' Because be was born amid the 
noises of thunders, whilst his (uotber 
Semcle was struck with lightning; or 
because drunken men rage and are 

Bpo.T.) : thunder.— Perhaps fr. Ihe 
sound. Hence Virg,, ' Brontaqtie 
Sreropesqne,' Thunderand Lightoing, 
feigned by him as being Cyclops 

Bp.;-.. ;3p.i„™,^./3pi««,/3piD;„, p,. 
ftpiiOa : 1 devour, — Bpdu is for fiopia 
or /3r>pS, voro. See (ikou 

BpoT-c-c fr. (3^/3pnrai pp. of /Spdw, is 
properly one who, whether by putre- 
factiiiii or by atiy other meatts, is 
ealen and ciiusiimed ; (or rather, con- 
snruable, corruptible,]'' and hence 
it is that /ipornt is used uf the ptilrid 
matter in a wound. But ^porut is 
epecialiy put for a man, on account 
of his mortal nature ; us ' morlalts'" 
is by the Latin poets aud historians, 
L. It has been taken in an active 
sense, one who eats; and compiired 
with ' Quicunijue terriE niunere ves- 
cininr' in HfTHce. The active rocsu- 
ing agrees well with pporos. See the 
note on d^-(3po(Tiot 

BpuT-os: the putrid matter in a 




' Sta- 

Bpoyx"' ' l''c wind-pipe, thronl. — 
A different form of /^pi'iy^os. Hence 
the medical term broncha-ceh 

Bpd/uJi: fremitus, a violent crash- 

7 Coinp.' libra' nnd \lTpa. L. derives il fr. 
$pia~0p6a>. Uos supposes it tiansjjoicil fur 
^fifBns. But >ll tliese dciirstians arc siLspi- 

8 A cliild bearing a. bow. 

g Fr. fidpos ; »li. epijtfi is. I inimerK, I. 

10 Tide part ihould liave been rather called 

11 SoYpoIa for y4paia, irXirii forW^Brii, 
S;ulu, a§[Xt)pbi, KAiJTU, &c. 

la L. ia;i alig it ii the same ai 0fi9b, as cf 
and ^9i. 

13 Quickly nmkes sUong, snd qnickl; ncak- 

fipDuKiis or 0pou)(ps: a kind of lo- 
cuat.^ — ^Fr. ^ijipovKa p. of 0poua= 
(ipiiai. ' Aul popolator bdet gemman- 
lia i;ermina brucktii,' Prudeniius 

Bpn^q : wet, rain. — Fr. fltppox" 
pm. of ^e^w 

Bpoj^ETOf : an onter garment to 
keep otf the rain.— Fr. Ppnxfi 

Bpi'iy^dof. wind-pipe, throat. — Fr. 
/3p^oi. wh. (ipirx<" 

Bpoj[ot:"*acor(lfor the throat. Pro- 
perly, the throat. — Hence is ftpdyjps 

15 L. considera this, like S/mhb, to b« form- 
ed fr. the sound. Put Bl. dErite, It from BiBf^ 
^uupp. of fipiv: 'Bpi^s, tBp'IMi, Bpt^iaftOi, 
Pfiofili!, pplSa do nutpioceed fruiu the inlnri- 
ti.e Spl of the eraniniBrians, hut from Bpi-.' 

16 ■ Hei. Ppmbs- ^prir fi yiry*rh' «*<p«- 
Tos ; CO BR t' FT I Bl LIS Tel ei icrri nsliM hnoio,' 

17 ' MuKos 

ISPethaps ft, Sfixf,, I 

BPO 55 

'Bp&^^tfi I swallow ; suck up. — Fr. 
fipoxos, the throat; or fr. fiifipoxa 
pm. of 0fiix^f ^ drink 

Bpoi^ : see after fipovrij 

Bpvut :'^ I spring, flow, or bud 
forth ; I germinate, pullulate, flow 
out, pXvkf, — Hence a child in em-hryOy 
i. e. pullulating in the womb 

Bpv<iSai : I spring or rise up ; 
spring up, bound, exult. — Fr. /3pvw 

Ppyyfios : See ^pif^ 

0pi&iM : I devour, /^pai(7jr<ii, eat, bite, 
gnaw. — For ^^Kta it, fiopH, voro, L, 
Compare (^povKos*° 

BpvWkt 2 I sip, tipple, guzzle. — 
Formed, says Symmachus, in imita- 
tion of the sound made by children in 

* Bpvy : a word formed in imita- 
tion of the sound of infants asking for 

Bpvor : a plant pullulating plenti- 
fully, as grass, moss, fungus, weed, 
&c. — ^Neuter participle of ftpvia 

Bpvrov : beer or ale. — * To brue or 
brew, fr. (ipvroy, beer when bi^ued,' 

Bpvxbi: I immerse. — See)3p^X^ 

Bpvxios : immersed. — See above 

0pvXto : I gnash with my teeth, 
roar or rage violently. — Fr. pp. /3€- 
fipvyixai is fipvyp6s, *£ic€7 earai 6 
nXavdiios Kal 6 fipvypos tuv obdvTiav, * 

^iiX!^os: roaring. — See above. 
Bpvxios, in the sense of roaring, is fre- 
quently said of the sea. Bpvxirjs 
iXos,^ Ap. Rh. "AX/xiyy Ppvx^ov, ^sch. 

Bpiiat : See before ppvaSof 

Bpbfdw : See Ppoto before fiporos 

Bpt^fLCiOfjiai: said of asses braying 
from desire of food. — Perhaps (r.fii- 
PpiafjLQi pp. of l^pow 

Bpufio-Xoyos, Perhaps, says Qui- 
etus, it should be written ftpopo-Xoyos 
fr. (ipSfJios 

Bpwjxos : a bad smelL — Specially, 

19 * Aiberti conjectiiret, not without some 
appearance of truth, that it is the j^olic form 
of ^, floo ; as ^pilBov for p^v^* Bl. 

20 Schl. thinks that fip^xa is another form of 
fip^Xmy I gnaw or gnash with the teeth. 

1 Compare fipvy, 

2 There shall be weeping and gnashing of 

a Bl. supposes there was an old word /3p^» 
0ffV)^, the sea ; bat without necessity. 
4 See the note on (SeiciU^. 


perhaps, arising from tln'ngs eaten and 
becoming putrid. Fr. ^i^ptapai pp. 
of /^pdw 

BpiDflrrnf : see in fipow after fipovHi 

Bvas: an owl. — Comp. bubo, Voss. 
From the sound which it makes, call- 
ed by the Greeks fivSeiy, and by the 
Latins bubuiOf L. 

BvfiXos : the ^Egyptian papyrus. 
The same as pi(iXos 

Bvdos : depth ; the dee|)est part ; 
the bottom. The Ionic form isfiva- 
aot, iMih. a-bi/ss, a place without bot- 
tom. See fiaBos 

BvKuvri: See (ioKCLvri 

PvkTtis : a wind which fills the 
sail. — Fr. (UPvKTai pp. of puS<a:= 

* Bvvri dea, Lycophr. : Leucothea, 
who was the goddess of the sea 

Bvpaa : skin, hide. — Allied are, a 
bursar and purse, ' Mercatique so- 
lum, facti de nomine Byrsam, Tauri- 
no quantum posscut circumdare TER- 
GO,' Virg. 

Bvtraos : a bottom. — Hence a-byss. 
See Pvdos 

Bvffffoi : a kind of fine flax or lint. 
— • He was eke so delicate Of his 
clothing, that evVy daie Of purpre 
and bysse he made him gaie,* Gower 

Bvai, fiv^uf : I fill, cram ; stop up by 
filling. — Fr. p. fie/ivKa are bucca, buc^ 
cea, a mouthful, and buccina,^ a 
trumpet. From (jiko Voss. and Mor. 
derive im-buo, wh. imbue, Comp. 
• satur' and to ' saturate' 

ButXos :' a clod of earth ; a mass. 
— Hence a bolus 

fiwpo-Xoxos : a gross or vulgar jest- 
er, low buffoon. — • IlatSeiv eidiSoy 
Kal (TKW'TtTeiv &v€v /(3<ii/xo-Xo)^/a$, Plut* 
It seems to he taken from persons 
taking their station or lurking at the 
altars. But the application is du- 

B(t)p6s: a base or any thing which 

5 See fioKir, 

6 Bafio\6xot Kvpicos iX/iyovro ol ^1 r&p Bv- 
avuv hc\ rois BaMOU AOXfiNTES, (5 hrri, 
KoBefSfMVOL) Kol fAvrh KoKnucflas Tpoffanowrev 
cSrw yhp ihr^ rov Xo/Bccy ri irapk rSav &roOu< 
6mwVt voWh, XvKapovfri Ko^xuce^mts. Mrra- 
^itpuc&s ih Koi ol mpoBvKfia'Uts ro{rroa li^cfca 
if^Kslas Tu/h KoXanecWrcs &p6puvoh ciJicaAtfc 
Kol raireivol, Ktd voiv driovv titopuhom^s M 
K^pSct htX rov voij'co' re kwL ffKiiner«y» £M. 

BHS 56 

serTes for thesupport of ihiogs placed 
oo it ; a place on which sacred offer- 
ings are put, an altar. — For fiaofios fr. 
flauf, wb. basis, Qedv lepois ivi fiioftols,'^ 
/3tei£: see fioa^ 


liQs and (iktrvt : the Doric form of 
fiovs and fiovrrjs 

Bwarpiw: I bawl out, — For /3oif- 
arpibff (as putSiw for fioffiiu) fr. ^9- 
(Tw fut. of j3oaaf 


V: 3. T/. 3000 

Fayarjjs : jet. The Saxon is gagat. 
Jet was formerly written geat. The 
second G is lost as in ' giant* fr. ' gi- 
gas, gigantism — ' Fr. the river Gages 
in Lycia,' Pliny 

yayy&firj : a net. — Redupl. for 
ya fJLrj ;* and (his fr. yeya/iai pp. of 
yd(o=^\aw=:j(a$iif, I receive, take. 
' The word yaia originally signified, 
capio.9 When x ^^^ introduced into 
the language, they began to write it 
X^^»' ^^* ^^<ii and yvat also appear 
to be obsolete forms 

Fayyirris : a gem found in the river 
Ganges. Whence it is also called 
iy-yayyis for If -yayy is 

rayypacfa :'® a gangrene or morti- 
fied flesh 

Tdhetpa, wv : Gadir, Gades, Cadiz 

Fd^a : the palace, furniture, reve- 
nues, and riches of the Persian king ; 
wealth and treasures generally. — 'Ic- 
ci beatis nunc Arabum invides Gazis,* 

Fala," ye/a, yia, yf} : the earth; 
land ; soil ; country ; region. — 
Hence geo-graphy,^^ g^o-logi/, geo- 

FaKTos : a dart or javelin. — 'Duo 
quisque Alpina coruscant '^ Giesa 
manu,' Virg. 

Falot or yaw :'* I am merry or gay, 
exult, frolic, exsulto ; ej^ult beyond 
measure, triumph, boast. ' Exsultare 

7 On the sacred altars of the Gods. 

8 Compare ydyypcuva. 

9 Vk. adds : * Tow will not be found in the 
Lexicons ; but it is three times noticed by the 
£M. and explained \anfidtfw, Uxo/mi.* See 
the notes on ycurriip and y»fnn'6s, 

10 For ypeuya fr. ypdi«o=sypdot, I eat. That 
which eats the flesh. 

11 ¥T,yaUt=sydM^ix^* ^» ®« terra late pa- 
tens, L. From ydittsayty4at. That which pro- 
daces, J. 

12 Fr. ypd^, I describe. 

laetiti^ et triumphare gaudio,' Livy. 
' Exsultare immoderat^que jactari,' 
Cic. — * Gay ; gae, Celt. ; y&uf, Gr./ 

FaXa," (for yoXaJ) ydXaKTOS, to : 

milk. — H. lac, laciis. ' The galaxy 
Powder'd with stars,' Milton 

raXeri, yaXij : a weasel or cat.-t- 
Hence Lat. galea, as made of its 
skin,'* Voss. 

FaXeos: a kind of sea-weasel. — See 

fFaXewri^s: a starry lizard. Also, 
the sword-fish 

yaXilvtl and yaXrivalri : a quiet tran- 
quil sea ; tranquillity ; serenity. — Fr. 
yaXa. So Homer : Aevi:^ h* Jir iifi^i 
yaX^vi7.'7 Or fr. yeXaa;,'^ as • Vultu 
RIDET fortuna sbreno,' Ov. Ov^* ei 
fiot yeXowaa tcuTa'aropiaeie yaXi^Kif 
Kv/iora,'^ Leonidas. ^Evredder iwv 
-yeXf yaXijvriy {/ ddXaatra, Theophy- 
lact. ^ RiDENT aequora ponti/ Ovid. 
See ayuXXtf 

FaXXoi : eunuchs, priests of Cy- 
bcle, Galli. — ^Jerome writes that they 
were so called from the custom, 
which the Romans had of devoting to 
Cybele and of castrating men of the 
Gallic or Gaulic race in revenge for 
the capture of their city by the Gauls* 
But the Romans received this word 
from the Greeks. Hence it is roost 
probable that the Galli were so called 
from the Gallo-Greeks, who migrated 

IS T. c. vibrant, vibrate. 

14 Ab explicandi notions translatuni ad earn 
nitendi splendendique ; inde ad lastitiam, &c., 

15 Fr. ydw, I glitter, am white, L. See yc- 

16 Conip. KwwfftlKTi-ihi. Also ' gaieru' and 
' galera' an otter. 

17 Tliere was a white serenity aroand. 

18 L. derives yoX^ni fr. ydco=sy4m, wJu yt- 

19 Nor if the smiling tranquilUij of Ihe air 
should hush for me the wives. 

ways be tnioed by tiie aid of ellip- 

Tapyalpu : I aai foil, abound. — 
' QargmrOf ike top of nuHmt Ida. To- 
wards Mysia it abounds with sucfc 


from Qmd into Gneet, Phrygia, &e.» 

Tiktn^ m and mos, ^ : gIo$, m ba»> 
band's sister. — ' .£acids& ad tunulum 
mactata est Andromaclise glo$,* Auso* 

aius. I. e. Polykena t£e sister of fertiitty of saii that, whenever we wish 

Hector, who was the husband of An- to denote an iiiiinite number of any 

dromache thing, we adopt a similitude from the 

Fsfi^ :■ I marry. — Hence ^'-^iHNgr, productions of Gargara^^ Macrob.' 

poly-gmmy * Ipsa suas mirantur Uargarm messes/ 

Toftfipos : m son in law, gener ; a Viri^. 

wife's brother, sister's husband, &c. Fapyopcwv, 6 : the throat — Fr« the 

— For yofmpi^ fr. yafiiia* Generally, sound yap yap made by the throat, 

one who becomea related by mar- wh. yapyapiSti, I g&rgk 

fiage FofiyaXlgti: I tickle.*— An imitative 

yafc^: cpooked, bent. — Fr. y^ word, like Lat. *titillo.' FapynXiimf 

ya/ifW p. of Y^fjarrtBSKaidirT^ ror yopyopefiro, tickling the fhroae 

ya/t^^yafMfH^l : res flexse, things Fapo^ : pickle or sauce made fson 

salted fish. — * GI«ro de snccis pkcis 
Iheri,' Hot. 
Fopi/w: 9 I prate. — Hence gwrrse 

beof; lakms; jaws; a beak.— See 

ydvos, ess : gaiety, mirtb, and joy ; 

or anjr thing productive of them, and gamtins. The Ionic form is yif* 

Hence it is applied to the juice of the pvtt 

grape : (Virg. ' Munera ljbtitiam- Faim^,^^ ripos, rpos, i) : the belly, 

QUE Dei r^ thus : Sfreioor l/i^ airohtj, stomach. — ^Hence the g»«frte juice 

ffrcieior yAvos,* Epigr. And hence it Fdvrpa : the ball, hulk, bottom, or 

aeema to havse acquired the meaning hold of a ship. — Fr. yatrr^p 

9if Kqaor, kte%, a stream in general.' yavrpo^KimiiUa : the plump, bulbous 

— ^Fr. y^, I am gtuf. See &-yayik. part of the leg, the calf. — Fr. y&ri^ 

Hence perhaps ganea,* and ganeo, a (by allusion) and innr/if 

veveUer * Faiias, avrot : Adonis 

yayofp eat : whiteness, brightness. yavXdt : a pail or vessel fer milk ; 

— ->Fr* yim, wh. yoXa. Ftopertios has a vessel, galley. So we say ' boat' 

' CANDIDA Qonvivia ;' i.e. says F^., and *butter*boat;' and Ihe Greeks 

joyful, jofvial. This identifies the aK&<l>ri and ata^iu — Fr. ydXa. Or for 

aeoaea of this word. See above . yoXos fr. y^w»)(di#, I hold. Proper- 

Fdp:' for, Jx&K€i h X^yw* irp&rw ly, any thing of capacity jor oonlent. 

ybp Sec», Plato : Consider what I say ; Naoi^ o' opf Hyyea w^yra FavXoi rt 

ferin the first place. See. It is used in eMi^2wr«," Horn, 

iatenogatioas, like ' nam' in, ' Quis- Fa9po$ : exulting, frolicksome, ela» 

nam hSe fecerit V and 'enim' in, ' Se* ted, proud. — Fr. yaiw (wh. gmuHum) 

mel enia pacem dcfendi V Cie.^ Other 
meuinga art given to this word ; but 
tho meanng assigned above may al- 

1 Vr, yd/to [pp. yiyapml, I am gay or glad. 
Hence it is traaiSiired to the fesdvides of 
marriage, Jj, 

2 Pour to my ashes, pour the ivine. 

3 Compare the meanmgs of ' latex.' 

4 A place of intemperate mirth and revel- 
a Appsreody for y< S^, L. So ywr for y 


6 In all interrogatioas there ie room for 
ikp » I kaow not, tell me, or sometkipg equi- 
valent is always implied. "So Lat. 'qaisnam' 
aid * nam qois,' Hm. 

7 <Wfts. tbiake iviAom i^aionthat 7^ 
means ' certd* in Herod. *A iroi Kcifi^€», a-k 

ssyai»^akd yA», See ya/« 

yav90f :'^ crooked, bent. — Mqp^s 
yavaos kativ k% to Hj» 4 ^< r3 iaii$i mU 

7^ Oeol hr-op^otf&t. The meaning is : Te eniiQ 
alloquof) quem respiciunt Dii/ Hm. * Titp Is 
not redundant in &\Xii yhp, which means, at 
enim,' Br. 

8 L. supposes it to come fir. 7«p7«{p, sounds 
expressive of the noise and step of an assem- 
bled multitude, and hence to have acqirired 
the notion of a muHStnde. 

• From the sound expressed by the throat, 
L. ; who compares youpymdiy* 

10 Fr. 7^ya0*raf pp. of ycC^va^dt*, capio, 
Vk. L. See yceyydfxri* 

11 And all the tabs and paili and pans 
swam with whey. 

12 Perhaps fr. 7a^j«ydh»* >x ^, wh. x^MWi^ 




ai TO i/ntpoadsy ^uXXo 
wiaBty,'' Hippocr. 

r<iu : Sea ya/a. 

yiiu : I generate, produce.— An old 
form of ye/fu, us t&iii, rtiviii I n-^u, 
KTfhia ure forms of one verb, M. 
Perha(i3 fr, yij, tlie earlh, and yas 
participle of ■y^^i=yu(i>, is by cor- 
ruptiou yi'yai,'* gigas, a giant, i. e. 

Vei a parlicle of cmpliasis, as iu 
Latin eu-ge {el-ye), well indeed, well 
ceitainly. : '^ii-ye, 1 indeed. It is 
perpctuallj used einphalically by way 
of opposiiiot). Thus: ' If you will 
not give llie whole, a part ye,' i. e. 
certainly you will give a part, you 
will give a part at least. ' I will heal 
this, as far as ray powers ye.' ' Dis- 
grace is inferior to no calamity, to 
the prudent ye.' * The voice comes 
from far, certainly clear ye,' i. e, yet, 

l^ia ; See yala 

riyfias : ancient. — Perhaps for 
ytiDt fr. yia. As old an the earlh. 
taia yiytta, ' Terra antiqua' 

ytyuivbi, and -iia: I speak out with 
a loud audible voice. — Viyiiiya tor 
ylyyiita pm. of yvuu, i. e. yriitaTJis 
f3o£, I cry out so as to be understood, 
Bl. But X.. considers this a fiction, 
and derives yeyiinn fr. the sound. 
'ArpriSiji . . . 'AiT(\oj[ji lyEyiuj-ei, '• 

Tttyya: hell,— Fr. the Hebrew g-e- 
-kinnom, the valley of //in nom. 'His 
grove The pleasant valley of Hinnotn, 
Tophet tlienee And black Gekenaa 
called, (he type of hell,' Milton 

ytiyoftat : See y^i'<ii 

yiiaa, uy : projections from walls, 
the eaves or edges of the roof which 
overhang a house or battlement. — 
'Xvcp-^aivovTa yciaa T£i)(itiiv, Eurip. 

Ttiriav, ovas: a neighbour. — Tcm 
is earth, but is also cultivated land. 

ther Uian 

14 L. Bupposca ifto come ft. y(y)Bu^=y5>u 
=-yiu, cafiio. But bu adds: 'Nihil tamea 

15 The «m of Atreua called out to Antilo' 

IB 'Accoidjjig lo goi^, yiKa signliiei) gdn 
in Ihe luij^age of Ihr SicuJj, on aagieiU ilia- 

i TEA 

[So 'land,' which is opposed to 'ie«,' 
IS used of territory, «s in 'land-mark.'] 
Hence yeiruv, a neighbour, by the 
Baine change in the sense, as in ' vici- 
nua'fr. ' vicus.'TH. 

yc\avii% : serene, tranquil, cheer- 
ful. — Fr. yeXdai. Comp. ya\i\vri 

TfK&iu'. I smile; laugh; laugh at, 
deride. — ' Gelu^'' is fr, yi\a, white- 
ness, brightness. From the same idea 
of whiteness yn\a means milk. Fr. 
yi\a is ycXaui ; for laughter give) 
brightness to the countenance,' Mar. 
Hence cnra-yEXitw ; whence Athe- 
nseus jocosely says: ' This man who 
is from Gela," but is rather from 
Cata-gela,' i, e. deserves to be laugh- 
ed at. And Plautus : ' Nunc ego 
nolo e Gelaaimo mihi le Cata-gelati- 

t r^yu, iSoi, Sj : a clove of gar- 

r^^u:'° I am full, burdened, groan 
under a weight. — So gemo is used, L. 

* Gemuit sub pondere cymba,' Virg. 

* Varro thinks that gemo is formed fr. 
the sound ; hut Jos. Scalij^r thinks it 
can well rome fr. y^/iu ; for we groan, 
when burdened with a weight or with 
grief,' Mor. 

YivBi, yfviii), yeiyiii, yi'i'u, yiyvia,^" 

yiyy&m: I generate, produce, begel. 
— Hence (gtneo), gcnui, genilum,ge- 
nitura, genero, genus, gigno 

Fsi-eu: progeny, race; generation; 
a generation, age, &c. — Fr. yev^ui. 
Hence genea-logy 

Tiyeiov, yivvs, vos, 1) : the cheek- 
bone, jaw ; cheek. — ■ Gente, the eye- 
lids, the eyes. Often, the partsabove 
Ilie cheek-bone, and the exterior part 
of the cheek-bone itself (for these are 
easily confounded by reason of their 
nearness) where the beard grows. 
Some suppose this to he its first and 
proper meaning, and derive it fr. ye- 
vfias, or fr. yivut,' Fac. 

17 A dty of SicUj. 

18 Gfloaimua (fr. ycAilu) is the name ofi 
parasite in the play. Therefore the meanuig 
is : I am unwiiliug Chat you, who have bitber- 
to been a lauihing-stock, should have son Iha 
laugh sgaiiiatiiis, Fac. 

19 Appaientlj ft. yin [pp. yfyt/tcii]^!^^*. 

20 IVl. supposes yfyvu Co be pat for yiy^iv 




. Teyntu, 4<8m» I : lanugo prlnii»x|uA 
getug ▼estiiiDtor, St. The first down } 
the benrd. revetat rov yeptitw 

Fo"^: See before yered 

reyrtiioe: weH-bom, noUj-bom, 
generosua ; noble, ezeellent. — Ft. yev^ 


Fewitim I See before ycKcd 

Ttypign^, yemfli^si one of the tame 
race. — Fr. yirra and yiros,^ genuM* 
See ycFfdtf 

r^»To»«ry: the entrails. — Fr. Irros, 
tfs/vf, O. So y^Tcp is acknowledged 
by Hes. for irrepor, venter^ 

FeiTiar^ :^ the herb gentian 

yhTO : he took. — For ivro^ssSKra, 
(as fydoi^ for jX0oy)=gXcro fr. ^Xw 

r^FVf, voff, 4 : a hatcbetf axe, &c. 
— Ilax'X^^^^'iE"^ ytF^wv irXaya/ Soph. 

F^M : See before yeved 

Tiparoh if i a crane, or stork. — 
Hence the plant geranitim, or crane's 

Fipavos, ijf : a kind of dance, so 
called from its resemblance to cranes 
fljing. Also, a crane, an instrument 
to draw up stones 

Tipoif aros, aos, kts : an honorary 
office; an honorary reward. Comp. 

* monia* and ' munera.' — Fr. the same 
root as Lat g^o. It is applied to 
honorary offices, like Lat. gesta^ L. 
So, genre consulatum, magistratum, 

Tepaipm : I give honor to, reward 
with honor. — Fr. yipas 

Tippov : a Persian wicker shidd ; 
any defence. — Hence Lat. gerrte. 

* Taas blanditiae mibi sunt, quod dici 
solet^ geme germanae,* Plaut. ' It is 
taken from the folly of the Sicilians in 
Bsing wicker shields in their battles 
with the Athenians,' Fac. 

Fepwv, ovTos : an old man. — Parti- 
ciple of yipv, gero: One beariug offi- 
ces. And this is the attribute of age, 
L. To yap y^pas earl yepovrtay, Hom. 

Tepovtrla : a senate. — Fr. yipovaa^ 
fern, of y^i'. A constituted body 

1 So fr. ^X^ is ^vXen)s, fr. i^parpia is 

2 See also y^yro, 

a Said to be fr. GenHus^ king of Illyria, 
who is reported to have fiiBt discoyered the 
properties of this pbint, T. 

4 The stiofce of iron hatchets. 

5 'The flower is succeeded by five seeds, 
each being wrapped up in the husk of the beak. 

bearing offioea of stale 

ywpoaios : belonging to Ilia huaAi"-^ 
For ^ptralot 

Tiptm^ : 8ee before y€powaia • 
' FeuM :^ I cause to taste. Fcvo;iai, I 
cause myself to taste, I taste.— -Fr* 
yiywarm pp. is perhaps guito 

riifivpa : a bridge. * Bridges of war', 
in Homer are, according to £., inter- 
vals and patlis between the ranks of 
an army, admitting a passage from 
one to another. — ^' From ytff4#, pm.i 
yiyofa; wh. yd^os and y^/i^or, 3' nail 
or wedge. Ti^vpa is any thing fast* 
ened by nails or wedges,' L* Statioa 
has: ' £l crebris iter, alligare gom* 

TefvplSia: I insult, scoff at.— In 
the procession on one of the <lays of 
the celebration of the Eleusinia it was 
customary to rest on' a bridge (yi^ 
fvpa) built over the river Cepbisus^: 
where they jested on travellers who 
passed by 

ycfvpo^woiot : a word in' Plutarch, 
answering to the Lat. ' ponti-fex* 

Fe'iapyos : a worker or tiller of the . 
land. — Fr. y^a, and ipyta, I work. 
Hence the de^orgies of Virgil 

Vrf : see yala 

rtjhiov: a small portion of land;; 
farm. — Fr. yfj: 

t r/;0eioVj y^reiOK, yriOevov : a leek^ 
onion, &c. 

Fy/6&», yi70ew : I am gay or glad, I- 
rejoice.— Fr. eyridfjy a. 1. p. of yd«r. 
So 6,Xifi^ fr. 6Xiwt vridta fr. v^ta . i 

yil-varraXos : a pile of the earth. 
' Lucian seems to mean a radbh, since 
its root is oblong, and imitates :lba 
form of piles. Or in a more geotral 
sense he may mean any oblong routs. 
But the word is probably a fictitious 
one, as are many in the Le&iphanes,' 

F^pas, aroff, aos I old age. — Comp. 
yipas and yiptay 

Tiipvs, €os, i : the voice. — See yapi(fm 

yiyaproy z a grape-stone. — ti^nce 

1 1 


where they are twisted together at the point, 
so as to form the resemblance of a stork's 
beak,' Miller. 

G From y4M, capio, L. • . . 

7 ' ^rp^arrd^x)V5 terrs plantas puto esse, 
quasi paxillos s. clavos. iJicit enim Fostus in 
▼. impages : ' Dicuntur agricoisB pangere 
plantas L e. infigere */ quemadmodum sc. clan 
panguntur/ Vorst. 



KaTa'yiyapTiSu, I bruise or grind grape- 
Btonea ; applied by Aristoplianes in a 
venereal aetise, as 'pcriuolo,' &c. in 

Latin : Tijv irpu/ioSipotr Qp^rrav fti- 

Tlyas, avTos : gigas, a giant. See 

yiyyXvfioi : joints on which n door 
or gate turns ; ' a niulual indenting of 
two bones into each other's cavity in 
the manner of a hinge ; of which the 
elbow ia an instance,' T. — Perhaps 
from the noise [gingUngI made by a 
door turning on its hinges, L,' 'Air- 
-tp-paii'ovaiv eit ak\^\avf, &iTKtp eal iy 
rait dupais oi yiyyXvixol, Hippocr. 
''The malleus b Joined to the incus 
by a double or ginglymoid joint,' 

riyypar, ov, a : & Binall kind of flute 
Ulleiing a melancholy sound.—' Pol- 
lux says it wan the invention of the 
Phcenicians, who so named it from 
Adonis whom they call Gingras. 
Perhaps from this instrument is Lat. 
gingrio; which Festns says, however, 
is properly used of the sound of geese, 
and that hence a kind of small flute 
is called gingrin^,' St. 'Inanserum 
gingrilibuf,' Aruob, 

riyriu, wh. yiyro/iat 1 See ytrai be- 
fore yei-ea 

rv6u, ' yvki/Ji, yviiiaKia, yiyi'iiaii'Li, 

yivdiaKu: I understand, perceive; com- 
)>rehend, know, recognise ; know one 
from another, discriminate, judge, &c. 
— Vyoat, yvu, and know seem allied. 

Fr. yi/iiaxbi are gnasca, nosco, cog- 
notco; and fr. cyyaierai pp. of yi/ciiu 
is progno»liealE 

rXoyos, eoi-. milk. — Perhaps foryo- 
Xayoi fr. yAXays^^yaXa^, gen. ydAoKroi 

y\a/i&ai : I am blear-eyed. — As fr. 

yaiai is yyoiu, so fr. Xi^/Jau or Xa/iaai 
might be fornieii yXafiaai. See Xtifir). 
'Ap-j(iirifiof 6 yXafibiy, Arisloph. Nco- 
■rXe/dqi yXdfiuiy, Id. 

r\aui;si: milky white, axure, ceru- 
lean. — FoTyaXavKds{r,y&\a,L. 'Tan- 

8 Unleas, lip adds, it is for yKuyAs {c. yi- 
yiMpai pp. aty\ia (wb. yAJ^), I palish. 

9 Ft. yiu=yoiia, L. 
to From ytMi imd yXba, L. 
11 From Itpit, aacred. 
13 Perhapii for yix^vo! it. yi\a. See yAct- 

Sa pcobabl; Lai. gtacicn. So ' glta' fr. 

m FAA 

turn effata caput glauco contexit a- 
raictn,' Virg. 

rA«0$, oBcoi, /; : an owl.— Fr. yXav 
Kiis, from the azure color of its eyes. 
Elence Plautus has ' Noctuini oculi,' 
i. e. says Fac, ' glauci, quales sunt 

rXa^u, yXii^ia ;'° I engrave, carve, 
excavate. — Hence kiero-giypkics " 
ftnd Lat. glaber 

yXeutoj, COS : sweet juice, new wine. 
— Comp. yXt/i-ii 

T\!ivos," eoc ! splendor ; any thing 
splendid. — ' Bend stubborn steel, and 
harden gleening armour,' Prior. Gl 
commences various English words 
conveying the idea of splendor or 
light ; glance, glare, glass, glau, 
gleam, gleen, glimmer, glisten, glit- 
ter, glow 

Vx^yi): any thing splendid; the 
pupil of the eye ; pupilla, a little 
girl. — -See above 

rX;j)(iui' :=z/3Xttx'^»'. So lihiijrapBy, 
yXiipapoy ; ftaXayos, y&kayos 

TKls'^fpos : glutinous ; tenacious ; 
sparing, saving, — Fr. yXf^po* fr. yW- 
^w, formed fr. yeyXiirn p. of yXit*"^ 
yXtiu, to which glue is allied 

rx/xo/iai : I am glued to or cling 
lo nny thing; am eaeetly bent on at- 
taining any thing, desire eagerly. — 
See yXi'^xpot. ' I'o like' may be com- 

rXoios : glue ; any viscous sub- 
stance, as oil, dregs of oil, &c, ; ■ 
slippery man, one who easily glides 
from his creditors; a mutable man; 
a tenacious, saving man. — rXo/u, yXfu, 
yXutu are allied. Comp. glue 

rXouros: nates, dunes. — Ay^yXo»- 
Tai pp. verbi yXouii)=yXi;w et yXo/w; 
nam ea pars sedendo levigatur et po- 

rXiiSu : I swallow. — Comp. glufio, 
to glut, glutton 

rXui'M," eia, i : sweet ; pleasant. 
— Hence in Terence Glycerium, i. e. 
a sweet little dear, and in Horace 
Glyctra. Fr, y\vK<i-'pptc,a, Bweei root. 

13 TAio, gluB, ia in Siadaa. 

14 ' SiaB dubio pro yKvrbs s ftji", niteo. 
polio, &c. ; ei quibus signiliL-HlioDibus nUi». 
Hem DOnunit eiplicent qui volant,' L. 

15 Fr. yiy\iiK» p. of yni^; fiomlbs vii- 
cousDGBB of sweets, L. ^^^ 

TAT €1 

is Ital. Ufuorieia, (for g/ff«orici#) 

rk{fW9mri oonpiinthre of yXmc^.^ 
Sec offvoy 

rXvfk^ Ibot, i^ ; a notch grated or 
cut ia the aripw, to whtdi the bow- 
striag is applied, J* — ^Fr. yXv^ 

rXAwa,*^ y\6rra: the tongue; 
speech ; a word of any tongue ; the 
tongue of an iastrument. — * Hence 
ghamry and p^fy-giot 
. yXi#%k»'^ yKti^Wf tvos, ^ : a sharp 
polished point of a spear. — 'O'iarf rpt- 
-yX^^^iMy Hom., With a trebly-pointed 

yXm^u : the sharp points or beards 
of the ears of com.— See abof e 

rv60Qf, ^ ; yraSfws, 6 : the jaw, 
jaw-bone, cheek. — Er,[lyvadnv a. 1. 
p. of] ytfim^ L* Bl. Fva^ is allied to 
yvavu, which seems allied to gnaw* 
Hence Gnatho, a parasite, in the Eu- 
nuch of Terence, where a request is 
mentioned .as being made that para- 
sites should from him be called gna^ 

yviLforrm issy^fjurrti, K&fiin't^, and 

yvkwrta i the same as rydxrw 
Trficwi : legitimately born, in op^ 
position to spurious ; legitimate, ac- 
cording to law. — 1. e. bom ; for ye- 
viietiou fr. ytyivrimii pp. of yeyiw. 
So yervalos is, well-born. Comp. * ge- 
nuinu8*and 'generosus* 

Ty6^i darkness. — For v6<^9 fr. 
rivofa pm. of vif^u [wh. vt^iXrf, ne- 
Mk, aeMn], I cover, L. All these 
words seem allied : vi^s, veif^iXri, icvi' 
^s, yv6^s,hy6^s 

FySti : See yiyv&vKia after yiywa 
* FfvOos, eo$ : a cave or pit 
Tvv^i on the knees. — For yoyv( 
fir. y6wf genu 

Tr&fii : See ytywiStaxk^ after ylyrta 
TrupiSv I I know, acknowledge, 
recognise; make known, indicate.—^ 
Fr. yi^, wh. yvotpos^ yy&pos 

ypm^L'iiaxkm : I decline an engage- 


-Fr. yr^ and ii^xv^ ^ j^g« 
(ider the probaUe efieets of « 


o^ consider the probf 

battle ; think myself unable to fight 

yoAtf, yod: I lament^ moan. — Fr. 
the sound, L. St* To6mo6, re fivpoft^ 
ny re, Horn. 

r^yyi^:'* c^ngrms, a conger eel 

Foyyi^w: I grumble, murmur.—^ 
From the sound 

yoyywXof :*^ round, ptpoyyfKos 

yoyyuXiy : a round mass ; a round 
cake ; a turnip, from its round form. 
Fem. of yoyyvXot 

y^t irrof , h : an enchanter. — * Fr. 
yoim ; fitim the plaintive notes used 
in calling up the spirits of the dead/ 
J.^ Foiys fcal ijtapfiaKtvs Kal em^tnijw, 

Tdfios : the lading of a ship, freight* 
— ^Fr, yiyofta pm. of yifiM 

TSfifos : a wedge or iiail«-— See y<- 

FofMosi a jaw-tooth. On Lye. 
918 Ts. remarks: * Tq/nfUoi is spe- 
cially, jaw-teeth ; but is here, wea- 
pons, from their biting persons wound- 
ed.' — Fr. y6fu^08. From its being fix- 
ed to the jaw like a nail or wedge, 
St. ' Gum (i. e. of the teeth), Dutch 
gom, appear to be abbreviations of 
yofA<lflos,^ T. 

Tortvs, ios : a parent. — Fr. y^yova 
pm. of yirt* 

Foplas : found in JEscb. Cb. 1054. 
Bl. believes it to be spurious, and 
reads arovlas fr. tfTdvos 

Fdyv, aros, and yovyvl genu, a 
knee ; the knot of a straw or reed 

Topyos: ' It is not only translated, 
swift, active, alert ; but vivid, brisk ; 
and indeed so as to be at the same 
time terrible. It is applied to Mars, 
to an armed man, to the eyes,' St.— • 
Hence the Gorgons, celebrated in the 
ftbles for their keen, piercing, and 
terrible countenances. I know not, 
says L., whether yopyos be allied to 
[y^yopa pm. of] yipta; i. e. promtus 
ad gerendum. See y^pas 

yopyvpa : a dungeon.— ^Hfuce (i. e. 

16 Fr« yiykuffoi pp. of y\6w, I polish, 
grave. I. e. any thing polished or graved like 
the point of a spear, L. 

17 Fr. yiyXwKa p. of yX6», I polish, L. 

18 Fr. ypiio$ ; the fish being very voracious, 
T. See yAy)7>aii«a. 

19 Compare y^aXoVf y6\ios. 

20 * E. derives it fr. ySos ; i. e. 6 jurri y6ov 
iirtfBuv; which he renders probable by the 
passage he adds from Sophoclesj Opouy ^vy- 
Hs, Tphs TOfAwyri triiAari, St. 


roY 62 

fr. Kopd/fM) J. derives career, 'E/m; 

U'SiKiiaavTa, oii-iv fijioc ietrpov, bl/aas 

yopyupijt if&'woai,' Hcrod. 

Fdui' : for ye oiv. ' It does not esery 
here retaiu the meaning of botli ; 
ul someliaies means ye only, some- 

timeB ovv. Jt thevefore 


signifies, certainly, indeed,' St. 

Foui-oc a fertile spot or place.-^ 
For yovus fr. yiyopa pn). of yirut 

Fpaia : an old woman. ^Fory^paia. 
See yipuiv 

rPA*ll, i^u : I engrave, write, de- 
sciibe, paint ; 1 write up an accusa- 
liuti. — H. auto-graph, ortho-grapky, 
geo-graphy, tele-graph, &c. Com- 
pare grave, engrave 

Tpa/iiM) : any line written or paint- 
ed ; tile line from which racers start- 
ed ; a line od the chess-board,— Fr. 
yiypafifidi (wli. dia-gram,) pp. «f 

rpaaos: filth on the arm-pit, or on 
a sheep'ij fleece. — Comp. grease and 
French graisse 

Tpavs, g. ypais : an old woman, the 
same aa ypala. Also, scum, frolh. 
An old woman in the Plutus of Ari- 
-ttophanes having said tbat she would 
carry certain jars, a servant exclaims : 
' Truly then their case is the very re- 
verse of all other jars; for iu oihera 
the ypaiic (scum) is on the top, but 
here the jars arc on the top of tbe 
ypaDs (the old woman)' 

Fpu^ai : See after ypaia 

rpavi : I eat, corrode. — Fr. ypatui 
=ypdiii is y&yypaiya, a gangrene 

ypnyopiio : for cypijyoptiii 

Tplwos, yp'iipos : a net ; an enigma, 
as catching and seizing the mind, 
' wuigma quo animus ir-retitur et ca- 
pitur.'St, — With this has been com- 
pared to ^pr, or lay hold of. Hence 
Gripus, a lisheriDan in the Rudeiis of 
Plautus. ' Or spun out riddles and 
weaved fifty tomes Of logo-griphes,'^ 
Bvn Jonaon 

yp6afBs'. a javelin. — Tpoaipo-fopas, 
one who carries the ypoir^s. Maxot- 

pav ^petv (al ypaa^ovt, Polyb. 

Vpu; an imitation of the grunting 
of swine. Hence,^ 'to answer lAhi 
ypu,' nc gry cjuidem, not tbe least 
word. Hence oiiS^ ypii is generally, 
not in tbe least.— Comp. grunnto, [ 
grunt, grumble, ' A gry is one-tenth 
of a line, a line one-tenlb of an inch,' 

rpufw: I grunt, mutler. — See yp5 

TpvWri: a grunting. See yp5 

ypu/iaio-jru\i)(, ev ; a seller of small 
wares, trifling articles, old rags, &c. 
— Fr. ypS. See ypurij and wuXiia 

ypvvi/s and ypBiiyat : a trunk of oali 
or other timber. Some understand 
these to he the same as ypwi^, ypmrdi. — 
' For Spuvos=6pfiM.i fr.ipS.,'Suid. So 
id is ya. Ipui'DS TrSp tSSov cf-dnTwl' 
ijiKByi,* J.ycophr. 

Fpui^, i';ri>(, i : a fabled animal, said 
to have the wings and face of the 
eagle, and in other respects to be 
tike tbe liou.= — 'G)-i^r; it should 
rather be written griffon or gryphon; 
Lat. gryphua and grt/ps, Gr. ypinp, 
Goth, greip; fr. gripan, to seize; 
and so, in our old language, it ia term- 
ed the gripe,' T. 

Fpun-us : curved; aquiline, its ap- 
plied la the nose, wh. Antiochus G)^- 
pus. See ypui^. ' I imagine,' says 
Pliny, ' lliat the winged Pegasiwilh a 
horse's head, and tbe long-cared grif- 
fons igryphas) with a cubved beas, 
are fabulous' 

rpwri] : trifling articles. — See ypi. 
Heuce Lat. scrwta (' Vitia vendentem 
tunicato scruta popello,* Hor.) and 
scrutor, I look into minute things; 
wh. inscrutable 

Tpijp : See before ypujrdr 

Fpuci) : a cavern. — For ypu^i^ fr> 
ypaw.^ I. c. a place eaten through 

ria : a field. — Comp. yia, land 

yunXoc : any thing hollow ; the 
hollow of tbe hand or foot ; a. bollow 
or valley ; (he hollow of a cup, of a 
breast-plate, &c. — FudAoii vtto Ffop- 
vijffooiOj^Hesiod. 'P^^e&i8upr)Kotyva- 

1 Site, who hive aol done any bHim, and sleeping fire, 
do not desetie bonds, you have tiourd and - " - 
thonght deBerving ot a prison. 

8 From xiyos, & word. 

> Unless it is in ttiis seme derived, ss J. 
suggeata, Tr. (he Hcliiev. 

4 A Iroitk of woodlightiDg Dp with Same K 

hesd snd p; 

G Compere Tp^Ai) from rpAyn. 
7 Under the vBllejs of PsmitBus. 

TTH 63 

Kow^ Hem. From yim^ See yayyA/iti 
^ ^yvtitf'oy, 6: the share-beam of a 
plough, aDtweriog to Lat* dentale. — 
See avrd-yvov dporpoy 

yviovi^ a limb ; afoot, handy &c. 
— Tvfiyos TO, yvla. Naked about the 
. yvtof : mutilated in the (yv7a) limbs 

yvXtos : a knapsack. — Flai, irai, 
^>ep* l{ihi Sevpo Tov yifXtoy ifiol,'^ Ari- 

Tvfiros : naked ; without arms. — 
H. gymnagium," VLud gi^mnastic exer- 

Fvpi^,^* -imums : a woman; a wife. 
— * Tbiere was bom at Sinuessa an in- 
fant of an ambiguous sex, between 
male and female ; such as are com- 
monlj^ called andro-gym^^ from the 
Greek, which is a frequent case, the 
Greek being better adapted than the 
Latin for compounding words,' Livy. 
'Junius, at the first little better than a 
mMO-^jfiits^,'^ was afterwards so alter- 
ed that he successively married four 
wives,' Fuller * 

Tvpos : a circle^ curve ; a round 
cake; a round hole for planting trees. 


— ' Angids deptem ingeni gyr^^ sep- 
tena volnmina traxit,* Virg. 

TvpyaQoiX a basket. ^-Fr. yvpds, 
round, L. See above 

Tvpivot : a tad-pole, from its round 
form. — Fr. yvp6% 

Fi^piff, eiDff, 4 : fine flour. — Fr. yvpor, 
from the circular motion of the mill, 

Tvftos : See before yvpyaOos 

yv^/^ yviror, 6 : a vulture. — ^Td^a 
Kiv I Kvyes Kal yvtres eiovrat, '^ Hom. 

Vvxpos, 4 : gypsum^ the plaster stone, 
white lime. — Generally derived fr. 
yfi and ^;//ii>. I. e. baked or concocted 

yia\€0Vf yctfXecov: a hole.— ^wXecoD 
^o ywXea, Nicand. 

Tiavla : a corner, angle. — ^H. jyetila- 
-^OM, ccta-goUf tri'goniMiteiry 

Foipcdtf, which is quoted in the 
Lexicons from Plutarch, is acknow- 
ledged by the more recent critics to 
be corrupt 

Ftipvros : '^ a quiver, bow-caae. 
— * Queis tela, sag^ittae, Corytique lo- 
ves humeris, et leUfer arcns,' Yirg. 


A' : 4. A, : 4000 

^ : * According to the gramma- 
riansj ia has the same intensive mean- 
ing as ia ; and perhaps the ancients 
said ia-fnclos, ia-tpoiros, &c. for Sid- 
-tficios, itd'i^tvos, &c. But it appears 
more probable that 8d-trKios is con- 
tracted from baav-aKioSf* Bl. See Sa 

Aa : Doric form of y^ 

* iayvs, v8of, 4 :. 'AXX' ev&yriy 8a- 
yvii KoXov ^(p6a v&vroBev Iff'a, Theocr. 
* A very rare word, and of uncertain 
origin. A child's plaything ; a little 
figure made up of wax, gypsum, or 
brass/ Vk. But St. is inclined to think 

it means, ice or crystal, by comparing 
Theocr. 2, vs. 106 and 1 10 

Aaw, haetot ialuf, iffuf,*^ idStat haff" 
Ku>, bibdffKta, balyv/jii I different forms 
.of one verb, but of different signifi- 
cations. Aaof, (like blta, allied to bia,) 
idSti, iaito, signify, I divide. Ada and 
iaiuf, I divide asunder or rive with 
FIRE, (as 'diespiter laNi corusco 
nubila DiviOENS,* Hor.) I burn. Ada», 
Sa/tf, baiyvfii, I divide meat in por- 
tions at a FEAST, I give a feast, cele- 
brate a feast, festival, or marriage. 
From the notion of penetrating or of 
going THROUGH any thing (see iia), 

8 Perhaps fr. yi»=s*ydw : that which takes 
or receives. See yceyyd/iri* 

9 Fr. y^, I open, expand. For the limhs 
are capable of expansion and extension, L. 

10 Boy, boy, bring out here the knapsack 
for me. 

11 A place of exercise for wrestlers ; for it 
was the custom to exercise naked, &c., Fac. 

12 Fr. 7^=a7(ia», capio, recipio, sc. virum, 
L. From y^s^K^, Horster. Flato sup- 

poses it the same as 701^ ^r* y^y», 
18 From hrijp, &y4pos, hyBp6s» 

14 Woman-hater. MurA», I hate. 

15 Perhaps fr. yirmt fr. y{f» (as tiirw from 
9^)=s:7dw, L. See 7077^17. 

16 Soon should the dogs and vultures de- 
vour him. 

17 Fir. [7a»p^waa:] x»9^f ^ contain, FM. 
Compare yi» and x(i». 

18 From 8^^ pm. of 8a(w. 



is acquired that of searching into 
KNOWLEDGE : faence Mm and liaiia 
huTe the senses of leaching myself 
or another learning. Fr. bim is disco, 
which is related to baoKu and hibatKui, 
I teach, Fr. bebiiaKrai pp. of hihatmui, 
is didactic poetry. Finally, from Ihe 
same uolion of penetrating into any 
thing we gain the notion of disco- 
vering and finding: hence Sqw is, I 
discover or find 

Aaii, i&os, ^: a burning torch. — 
Fr. baa or haiai, 1 burn. Hence Lat. 
dtBda, which for euphony became 

i^aetpa : the torch-bearing goddess, 
Proserpine. — See above 

Aa^/juf : learned, skilful. — Fr. it- 
iiilfiai pp, of haiu, I learn 

Sa^, ipoi: a husband's brother. — 

^6yb' 'EAfri) filiBotai Trpoa-ifliba, Aafp 

cfttlo, Horn. Here Helen addresses 
Hector, the brother of her husband 
Paris, From bai'ip or iaP^p is Lat. 
devir,'' wh. levir, as ' dacryma' be- 
came 'lacryma' 

bal : Ml supposes it an Attic form 
of ii. Tlmi iai ; how then 7 So, Ti 

jla<SaXX<u," fut. baibaXi, : I work 
ingeniously, curiously, and with art, 
I variegale, &c. — Hence Dadalus, 
the famed artist 

Aoti^w: I divide, rend ; divide the 
limbs asunder, kill. — Fr. baia or 

Aa/fiwf, ovos '. an inleroiediate be- 
ing between Gods and men, a demon ; 
deity, genius; fortune, fate, lot. "The 
Jews without exception regarded the 
demons as evil, while the Pagans wor- 
shipped them as Gods,' J. — Fr. Se- 
batfiai pp. of balia, I divide, distri- 
bute ; for they were considered as 
the distributors of the fortunes of 
men, L.' 

^al/iiai': skilled. — Fr. ii&aifiai pp. 
of bai<.,=b&-^ 

19 A KOid mentioiied lij Varro, 
SO ■ A Siic, SiXu, SiUflc, tita\os, SaiSaX as, 
ta ; qnod in Dsdalum qua- 
drat, (|uiniiUbaB mie taoipoiibua amficioaoH o 
li^o bIbCubs iecUie didtur, pedibus ueupe 
(liiuicfttii. qaum uile id lempuB mditer fm- 
rent, pedihgs junctij,' L. 

I 'FurmedfT.Sn^^iWiikilleiliinwhirbacitia 

ii itself lined bj ArcliilochoB i TairTji 

, Boetbe 

64 AAI 

haivvfii : I give a feast. — See Sow 

halpia : I skin or peel ; I take off 

the skin by beating. — Another form 

Aait, aiTos, ii : a feast. — Fr. iibai- 
rai*pp. of iaiu. Aalw balra y^Mm- 

torch. See before Ait- 

<7l^■,^ Hoi 

Anil, ibo!, 1,: battle.— Fr. 8n/«, I 
(divide,) cut in pieces, EM. Or fr. 
balto, I burn; i. e. burning, hot, da- 
rning battle' 

Allies and bi'iios ; burning, consu- 
ming, laying waste; hostile. Also, one 
who suffers from an enemy, taken by 
an enemy ; or rather, taken in battle. 
Also, learned, skilled.— Fr. batu, {I 
burn ; learn) and biipa pni. 

Aairpos: one who divides meat, a 
carver of meat. — Fr. lihairai pp. of 

Aaibi : See after iayiii 

Adjtpi','' vol, ™ : a tear. — Hence fio- 
rptiu, I weep. Fr. btiatpvfiat pp. is 
bdtpvjia (a weeping); wh. Lat. da- 
crt/ma,^ and for euphony lacryma 

Au.KTv\os : a finger. Also the foot 
called daciplils, a dactyl, from its 
consisting of one long and two short 
syllables, as the finger consists of one 
long and two shorter joints 

Adtw, baxvia, hijKni: I bite. — Fr. 
hibaxa p. of idw ; i. e. I divide or 
separate by the teeth. Hence latoi, 
a serpent. Adwi SdKcov rous batrii- 
\oas, a serpent biting the fingers 

AaKot, Eoi : See above 

AaXo; : a burning or burnt (orcfa, 
a fire-brand. — Fr, Sdu),' I burn 

Ad^U, bajiam, ba/ipaui, bafiyjjfit, 
S/idu, bnnaSot: Iharass, subdue, lame. 
■ — H. Lat. domo ; and a-damaa, a- 
-damanl. I, e. so strong that it can- 
not be subdued 

Ad/iuXif, li : a heifer. — Fr, bafiam. 
One fit to be subdued to the yoke 

Aafiap, ba/iaps, aproi : a Wife. — 

second 5< 

utile I* 

u the old men. 

3 So St., Hbo quotes from Hpi. I4t|' iiJiXt 
-.nmrtipi ; and Uom, II<I\(/iai turn a/ufii-Si- 

4 Fr. EiiKU, I bi(e,L. Seneca bas, ' Leatiiu 
uctas laciyaixque motdeal.' 

5 Used by IJTius Androukus. 

6 So ItiAb &otnit£w. 

^ AAN 65 

Fr. i&fim. One subdued to the marriage 
yoke \ 

8aya (dKa, : wood fit for barning» 
dry wood. — Fr. idia, I burn, as l€(r' 
yos fr. 6e/M 

Adroff, cos : a giA» donum ; do- 
na m mntuum, a loan or debt. — Fr. 
Sdyt^sshat^^ hA, do, Plantus has dia- 
nam for dabo* Hence also bayei^O" 
fuicy r borrow ; and fr. pp. bebdyei" 
trrai is danisia, a usurer 

Aairay&t*: I spend, consume, waste* 
— Fr. idwia, wh. Lat. daps, dapis, an 
expensife and sumptuous entertain- 
ment* . Hence also Lat. dapantUHg 
dapwum^ daimnnm 

ddireSoy :^ pavement, ground, soil, 
irkhoyj—^mooy i^&Jtay oifAari Ovey,^^ 

AajTis : tapes, rdwris, tapestry 

iairot i soil, earth, hctweoov, — Hence 
&XXo-6affidff, of anotfaier soil, a foreigner; 
Tayro'bawos, of every region and place ; 
kyrbawios, bom in the soil» indigenous, 
a native ; &c. 

Adxrw :" I consume, devour. — See 

^pbamrm : for iaidtrrtt, by redupl. 
for himm - 

AdpeiKos : a daric, a coin struck in 
the reign of Darius, worth twenty 

bipdtit, iapBdwia, I sleep. — Fr. ihdp^ 
Oiiy a. 1.' p. of haip^i^hipv, whence 
Upas, a skin. Properly, I sleep on 
skins* ' Fr. Hpiia [formed fr. hihepfiat 
pp. of Mpta,"] is Lat. darmio for der- 
ma : for it was the ancient custom to 
strew skins and sleep on them : * Cse- 
sarnm ovium sub nocte silenti Pellibus 
incobuit stratis, somnosque petivit/ 
Virg.', Cas. 

bA'tncioii very shady. — See ia and 



Aaapos : a division ; a share, one*s 

share of thaexpences of the govern- 
ment, tribute«— -Fr. hOavpai pp. of 

haawkfii^* and -^t : fierce, crueL 

—©€4 havTeXHTis *£pcy»^, Hom. Xa7^\ 
'Exdrri hamrkfiu, Theocr. 

haavti^^ thick; thick with hair, 
hairy. — H. denaus, Val. Ad-vKios is fir* 
ia and oKiit, or is put for iaav-aKtos. 
See ia 

Aariofiai : I divide ; cut in pieces. 
— Fr. iiiarai pp. of idt* 

iavXos : very woody. — For ia^vXos, 
fr. vXfi 

Ad<l^yfl :'^ a laurel. — * Yield me one 
leaf of I>irpANes deathless plant,' By- 
ron. See Ovid's Metamorphoses 

Aa\ptKils: abundant, properly ap- 
plied to feasts; exuberant, luxuriant 
— Fr. iajlf, Lat. daps, dapis, L. * Con- 
vivabatur dapsih,^ Sueton. 

Adw : See after iayvs 

AEft : I bind, tie. — Fr. pp. S^/ia« 
is iicL'iiifm, 2i diadem^^ 

AE : and ; but. — Fr. iiw, Hoog. A 
particle binding together or connect- 
ing sentences 

— it I to; as Horn., Ms idfioyie, 
to his house 

A^eXoff,'^ ifikos : manifest, apparent. 
— Hence the mylhologists derive the 
island of Delos from its having made 
its APPEARANCB on the surfiice of 
the sea '^ . 

A^iCM, S^KD/iai, iiypfiai, itiict, Se/ir- 
yvfii, ieiKavdofiai : * A^w appears to 
be the original form, and ieUt* the 
same made long. It seems properly 
to have signified; I stretch out the 
hand ; either (1) to point out some- 
thing, to show : (2) to take something, 
receive: or (3) to give the hand to 
any one as a token of welcome,' M. 
From Uku) or iU^, I show, appears to 
come Lat. in^ico, I indicate. From 

7 I diride, distribute, give away. 

8 So TaJiifAii, ' palma. 

9 Some derive it from 8a for 7a and irlSov. 

10 And all the ground smoked with blood. 

11 Fr. 9d», r divide. So M. derives S^irrw 

fr. a^. 

12 Fr. 9a and «A^. Making ftdl, making 
nnpleasanti L. From ia and wK-fiinw, Dm. 
From 9§ffi wX^otrw, J. 

18 Fr. S^^Seurof pp. of 8<i»> I divide ; i. e. 
which has many tops into which it is divided ; 
opposed to smooth. Hence it signifies, hairy, 
rough, &c., L. 

14 Perhaps fr. Ma^ p. of StCirrw. The 

priestess of Apollo was called by the poets 
9a^vri-^yos, L. 

ISA band binding the head of kings. 

16 Fr. d(»ss=9dw, I divide, cleave. Comp. 
the senses of ^«U#* 

17 T6^pa V (^ *Affr€oiri ah koI oM t» HkXmo 
i&HAOS . . .OSycKCF oIk I^^'A-AHAOS Iv-^- 
ir\c«s» ftxV M ir6vrou Ki6fuuruf Alytloio iroSSr 
iv^tfHiKoo ptfast Callim. So long you were 
still called Asteria and not yet DelM. . . . There- 
fore yon no longer sailea (lESqXos) un-appa- 
rent^ but placed the roots of your f^et in the 
waves of the ^gean sea. 


bihtiai pp. of iiKdt CI hix'>' ^'^ ^r£(i> 
5c£ircpA, dexitera, dtxltra, dewtra, tlie roi 
right hand, as that hand ive stretch 
out to point, to take, or to give aa a 
tokeu of welcome. We say. To give 

the RIGHT HAND of felloWBhip 

^tiiaKOfiai, btihiaKoiiai : 1 give llie 
Iiand as a token of welcome, 1 wel- 
come. — iiifu, Skwr and biexu were 
probably allied. Ae^it-fpiJ ifiilaKero 

Setpi, Uoiti., He welcomed liim with 
le right hand 
iiiu, iiu, btiia, and some add btlbtu : 
I fear, — The pm. of hiia ia tibia and 
liliia. 'A-htis iios beiiiyai, Plato ; 
To fear a fearless fear, to fear where 

^btvirafiat, heiilaaofiai : I frighten ; 
I fear. — ^iiia is pni. ni hiui; hence a 
new verb bchiu, fut. imiiaa, wh. hcbli- 

^tl : it is binding, there is a neces- 
sity, it is necessary, it ii behoving as 
a necessary obligation, — For iiti fr. 
Si«. I bind 

^tixaraofiai : I welcome, receive 
bospilably. — See biKui 

Ac/kui, iatfvu, &c. : I show, — See 

itixeXon, hdKij\ay, Ut:^\ey : any thing 
shown, an exhibition, show ; repre- 
sentation ; likeness, image. — Fr. btiKia 
and biKoi. So to * show' is, to appear 
like : ' She shows a body rather than 
a life, A statue than a brother,' Sbaks.p. 
Some compare iehtXov with eiKtXoy, 

AeiXui: timid, cowardly, dastard!; ; 
mean, low, abject; sluggish, indo- 
lent. So ' ignavus' is, timid and in- 
dolent. — For ieieKiit ft. Mat, I fear 

AtiKii, ieiiXrf. the time when tlie 
sun is becoming sluggish and dull, 
tlie time from the ver^ng to the set- 
ting of the sun, — Fr. btiKos 

Ael/ia, tiTos: fear, or rather that 
'hich produces fear, Bl. — Fr. beitiftai 


pp. of i«. 

IB I am llie ion uf lume une, and some ai 
h my nmltier. 

m ' ll bua been derived fr. [Uitti »h. Ui* 
HeU'=] idf(aiiiui from iU receiving or cumjin 
bending all tlie kinds of oumbcra. Vossu 
thinki tliia ii an alloinan rather than s derini 
tion. I da not concur wiUi him in (his cei 
Bure,' HT. ■ Meatiiigli derive! it fi. [SiSfKa \ 
oF] S^, I bind ; became in tliis number : 

Aiha: some one unknown. — %yii 
Toi bciros KQi }] btiya flat ^ii'irrip,''^ Gre- 
gory. Aeiva rati btiyot roir ielya tla- 
-i/yyeiXe, Demos th. 

Aeivoe : to be feared, dire. ' Of 
a talent to be feared ; clever, skil- 
ful, apt,' J. ' Conlorquet nodis et 
obusto tobore diram Vel porlas i|uat- 
sare Irabem,' Silius ; where Fac. ob- 
serves that diram is used for, poten- 
tein, powerful, able, as Gr. Stivit 
yp&^eiv — Fr. belai, I fear. H. dirvt 

" AeiBciXi'n ; excrement, dung 

AeiuTov : a meal, a feast. — Fi.btrnt 
=bdTra, wh. daps, dapia, L. Diner, 
[to dine] formerly dipner, is fr. Sewr- 
Fcir. This is the most general deri- 
vation, G. 

Aisa :" ten. — H. dectm and thedt- 

ieK&Sti : I corrupt by bribery. — I 
corrupt by giving a tenth pari, J. But 
St, derives it fr. bixia, I receive : i. e, 
1 corrupt another by causiug liitn .to 
hope to receive from me. AtKatmjt 
a.-biiioaTos,^Q unbribed Judge 

Miu)-. See after S^eXoi 

A^Xeap and bitkap, aror: a btut ; 
lure. Fr. hi\w, pra. bibo\a wh. &JXm, 
dolus, cunning 

\i\£Tpovi a torch. — As SoAoi, a 
firebrand, ia fr. £au, so SEXer^xM'ia pio- 
bably fr. bi^=l6.>a, I burn 

* A^Xro: Usurpalur apud Amtopb. 
pro pudendis muliebribus 

AeXtoi : a tablet in the forin of a A 

AeX^^i : the malricc, womb ; paimdi. 
— Hence a-SeX^r, a brother 

A^X^af, oKoi, 0, II : a little pig, — Fr. 
icK^iit. I. e. oue having a large 
paunch. Nouns ending in \ are aug- 

ieX^Jv, ieX^is, Tkos, ^i : a dofyhin. 
A massy piece of lead or iron, cast 
into tlie form of a dolphin, which, 
when thrown on board an enemy's 
abip, shattered or sank it, IU>b.''° 

ilim, and eol Reeled into one band,' S. 

20 A friend auggesu llic eipieuion of Fopa; 
■ A nodding beam or pic of tesd.' And t. 
oliHrvea -. ' Pio : an oblong mnu of lead or 
unfoiged iron, or masi of melal meltEd frotn 
the ore ii called, I know not why, ' sow-netal ;' 
and pieces of that inelal ire called rioa,' Bai 
this enn hardlj atiply to li*jf\v, which wontd 
Lhus talhet iinn' been tiK^ai. , 





hdpu h hf^pa, a akin : wfa. Ldt. (dciV 
tttio=^)dormio, I sleep on a itkiii. See 

a skin, hide.— Fr.i^u 

Af/fui:' 1 construct, build, forin. — 
Fr. htitfia pni. are Sii/ioi, domus 

Mfiat, uudecl. : a structure, form, bapOai 

frame; the human frame. Applied A^pai, iroi: 

also to animals. (Kara) fiijjas, in the Aep« ru Scpai 

form oT likeness of. — Fr, iifua Aipt) t ihe neck : a neck of laud, 

Ae/tyiovi'^ abed, coucli. — 'Es b^ii- prominence. — EM. says it is properly 

viov kXikov ii/ias. Incline my body on used fur quadrupeds, as tliey are ex- 

the bed coriateil {iK-bipoyrai) from this ]>art. 


,^K<ii:' I am qutck<sightcd, I loa 
K'illi attention. — Fr. a. 2. e^aa'61 : See before f:t/ias 

*Ev5aXf&i : ■ kind of cake. — Fr. 
rivitt, I eat, G. Pos^ibl}' bifh,^ was 

the ancient word, which gave place (poetically for ibapmv) i 

to rivia, as ' dxda' to 'Iwda' draco, a arago7t'° 

irvb-iXku: I roll my eyes about. — Sip/ia, aroi: a skin. — See itpu 
Peihapa for &ev-iKX.w, fr. ^veui(^Si- Alprpov. tbe skin or membrane in- 

via and ioyiai) aud 'iXXos vesting the bowels. — Fr. iiieprai pp. 

A^r^iof :^ Btree. — Hence the shrub oi hipu. Comp. iip/ia, skin, (lH- 

rkodo-dendren,* the dwarf rose bay iep/tai 


Aivrot, eoc reviling; reproach. — 
An Ionic word, scarcely differing from 
tbe common form ieiy/a.^ It received 
its signification from atrocious 
speaking, L. Aivvta f>€iy&'^ 

At^la, bt^irtpi : the right band, 
tbxlra. — See hiKur 

Aefint: having the use of the right nUively to another. — Fr. bio/xai 
hand, dexicrout. — Fr. Sefia Jeupo: hither. — Atvpo, ievp', iJ sav- 

Aiofiai: lam bound by necessity Otn, Aristoph. Aeipo i^, bfupa bi, ijil- 
and need; I am in necessity and need; Xci- iiiov, ieupu fioi rpoa-iXBe, Id. 
I Bsk for delivei-ance from need, I btwro-irotos : one who makes things 
beg ; I request.— Fr. iiu, I bind djed, a dyer ; dyed, tinged. But ft 

Aios, itas : fear; stnpc^clion. — is used of things DCBABLY and FBR- 
See biu and biat manently dyed, and hence, meta* 

Aipu: See before tipai 

Ataftot : a bond, chain. — Fr. ii' 
ieafiai pp. of feu, I bind 

&c/rTi6£u) : I have the rule or com- 
mand. — Fr. btbiirrOTai pp. is bemrorits, 
(wh. despot) a lord or master 

Atacfiiu : I am in want, am without ; 
am deprived uf; am in want compa- 

;up.— For &tai fr. 
bitat, Hes. So ' lupus' fr. Xuroi. Hea. 
derives the signification of the word 








the folio 

wing expr 

of Hoi 



a belter ei 



ion: h€i 


Aiptt :' I strip off the akin or bark, 
I peel. — Fr. iihopa pm. are bipu and 
tmopv, wood or timber peeled, or 
which may be peeled.* IV. ioipa is 
Lat. durut, hard, Fr. bibepftai pp. of 

phorically, i« applied to crimes wbicfa 
cannot be blotted out. — Fr, JeiJu and 
ireiiai. If 5«uw is derived, as L. sup- 
poses, fr. iuiti," I penetrate, tbe rea- 
son of Ihe general signification of tins 
word is ohviotis. ' Plato opposes to 
one tinged /3a^^ Seuao-irnifi one iirt'ct- 
^(piiHTftiyoi', slightly tinged, only tinged 
on the surface,' K. 

beiraTos: the last Compare tsi- 

■ *. I I'onBtruct by 
Bui ihp applies - 

1 Fr. Stitfuu pp. of S™ 
bindiDg togelher, L. 

S Ft. S&tiai pp. of edu 
tkn ii dubiuue. 

S Peibaps fr. Sip», SfSip^. S4Sfm, «b. ti 
Spav, S. So ■ n ' is added in avSdra, dcnau 

4 From (Win.', a rose. 

5 So ^atnin nn.l ^alu-is. 

6 Cump. Stiti fi^a-ra in Sopli. AJ. 122G. 

itvTt : venite, con 

7^=tc(i>. I divide, leparale. 

8 So (iKav rroiD {ia. 

Fr. [MepKB p. of] Upv, I pencil 
tiling bj die Wuteness of my tight, ni 

1, strip it of its ^n, 

10 Dra^oM from thein 
fabied by the poeL> •" 
flwcii of Colcliis, ■ 
des, 6cc. 
. II See Siaivta and Sitpii. 

llio fardeo 

ing the giild«t 
jf Ihe HoBpeii- 



Come hither 

tccond. — Hence Dev- 
Ihe Becond book of the 


ifiXofxai : I wish, ^oiXopm.— Tffft^ 

rap-eiians Aiyiis Trpuro-ToroiO, Kturai' 
lira Si;\er' a^eXyev ;'* Theocr. 
4i)XDS : manifest, clear. See iie- 
Aeuiii : I wet, moislen. — Fr. hviii, I \ot 
penetrale. Comp. dew, bedew Aij-^qrijp: for yij-zoirip. mother 

^i<jiw, ipia, and be^^iDi I rub or earth, Ceres 
soften skins, dress leather ; by rubbing Asj/ioi : a people ; the people ; as- 
sembly of the people; goveninient 
of Ihe people ; a division of the peo- 
ple, tribe. — Fr. fiehrifiai pp. of biu. 

I, e, bound in one. So we speak of a 
bond of union, H. dcmo-cracy, dt- 
mo-cralic,'^ epi-demic 

bilftoi : fatness, fat. — Fr. iibrjijai 

I excoriate, iipui. — ' Id ubi < 
depsito bene ; o!eo manurn ungito, 
postea magia depse*,' Cato de Re 

A^D/iai, Six*'"'"" ' I receive. — See 

i 1 bind. See before ii 

A^u: 1 < 

int. t V 

cry, I am all but crying. 
(ilai) much lo answer for myself, 1 nm 
Tery fiir from doing so. Fifty years 
wanting (biot^a) two ; forty-eight years. 
— See lio/iai. Afui has here a neuter 

A4 : certainly, verily, indeed ; truly, 
forsooth, used ironically. Nai 6i), uie 
sane, truly indeed. "Aye 6i), age nunc, 
come now. — J. supposes it put for 
5de (imperative of 6riiu), learn, observe. 
Comp. ' to wit' aud * scilicet' for 
' scire licet' 

A^y^id, oroi : a bile, sting. — Fr. bi- 
iify/iai pp. of SliKiii. See iiiiu 

A^w: I discover, tiJid.— See after 

It (S^u) liltle to of hill, I bind ; from its being bound 


^ ther and in a state of consistency, 
or^froni its binding the flesh and 
bones." Awkiijs fv vlovi HpV' Horn. 
Among the fat or rich people of Ly- 
cia ; and olwy vloya bitfiuy, the rich 
fat of sheep 

Ariiteviii : I make public property, 
confiscate. — Fr. bijixos 

brj/iiovpyos : a public workman, one 
who works for the public ; generiilly, 
any artificer.^ — -Tot biifiio-rpyui i fr. bi)- 
fiiBs, public, aud ipyu 

billio-Koiros I a public orator. — Per- 
haps fr. tDTTii. npic TmaiXu-Aftiay, 
KuTii jjSu-Xdyoi biifio-'jiaptaTiif Aucfi- 
Ttair/s irtWet arpanar, Eurip. 

AT;/jno/iai: applied primarily to songs 
la : for a long time ; a long tinne fitblicly sung ; whence hnfiiafia (fr. 
'Mqt-^ri vvv bijif al6t \eyiifie&a, p. bebiiitbijiai) is a public snug, i 

fiijbi Ti bijpov 'Afi-0aWiiifte8a fpyof,'" 

bnSuru : 1 abide in a place a long 
time ; I am long about 
delay, loiter.— Fr. i^Oa 

Ali'iot : hostile, predatory. — Ionic 
form of ^ciVoc 

A^KOKTa : thel^al. decocta,i. c.aqua, 
water boiled 

AijXiu:" I hurt, Isedo ; I deceive, 
delude, ludo. — Fr. itiriXijTai. pp. ii 
^Xiirfipioi, wh. dtleterious drugs 

lUt bTjiiov/ieros is used by Plato 
for, being merry, feslive, or gay'' 

bilv: the same hs 6780. — For biar 
ly thing, 1 {(t.biui) connectedly, continuously, S> 

itTirapiay I the Latin dtnarivm,'" 
which was derived fr. deni, i. e. atKl 

A^t'Dc, cDi: a planning, devisiDg.-T- 
Fr.bitv, for planning requires lime; or 
fr. iflw, EM. Afjfot is properly deli- 
beration engaged in for the purpose 
of finding out any Ihing, fr. bfibi, L. 

Aijpit, ii : fight, cunlcution. — For 

IS lY. Htcarai pp. of Sfia, vh. Sfiaiuu, I milk a bad bitch ? 
am in wsnt. ' Ii iiiuel come,' Mji M., ■ fr. 17 From npiiTiai, I ROTem. 

ia, I stand af lei.' IB For the fleeh and bnnes are hound and 

■ ■ held bj the cellular membrane nhich ia the 

be idle here, nor leat of the fat, L. 

19 HaiUiitii'i/!, iya^Jidiifitr ol fii, wal(ai, 
from irittdui, or f r. lle». 

20 Tlie Latins used not only dnuriM bat 
' ' ' ' ~ produced rffnortuin; as Plrutt.: ' cesliun dcntrM Ptii- 

vvisbcd to lippea,' h. 

I From ripas, law. 
11 Let us nuw no in< 
defer the bu'<ines9 lung- 
IB Dttea Lat. is eitt 
de' and ■ leo,' ' leri.' 
IS Who, Hhen a goat, nhich 
PbI; its first-bom. naa at luad. 

iaepu fir. Sdw^ as i&pop fr. h6tt.' Comp. 
bats, battle* Or fr. iiripa a. 1 of iai- 

Biipos : continuing for a long time. 
— Periiaps for beepos (as bijXos for 
iieXos) from biti. See ^^i^, and the 
passage quoted on bfjda 

A^ra : nearly the same as big 
A^«» : I find out. — See bdta 
Afiif^ 6osz the goddess who in- 
vented com, Ceres, Aiyfi^iyp, J. 
This name Ceres received, say the my- 
tbologists, because, when she sought 
her daughter through the world, all 
wbhed her success with the word. A/)- 
CIS, Yon shall find 

AlA liooTeys the idea of splitting, 
dividing* separating; and signifies, (1) 
apart, asunder ; as in dia-meter, dia- 
-gonai* From bia is eft iu * divido/ 
Separation supposes space between ; 
and we pass through this space in 
going from one place to another. 
'Hence bta is, (2) through ; a sense, 
.equally with the former, traceable in 
diuHmeter. (1) The river was five sta- 
dia off {bta orablwy). The towers were 
« at (bia) a short space from one ano- 
ther* After (bia) a long time, i. e. at 
-the interval of a long time. Am the 
eleventh year, i. e. at an interval of 
eleven years, eleven years after ; or at 
intervals of eleven years,* every ele- 
venth year.' Am is also used meta- 
phorically : He spoke for the space 
of (Sco) many or a few words, i. e. he 
spoke a long or a short time. And it 
expresses eminence and superiority, as 
they suppose an interval between one 
man and another; thus. He was be- 
fore {ita) all others. ' Sed longo proxi- 
mns intervallo,' Virg. (2) Through 
(iia) the day, i. e. through the whole 
day.^ Through (Jbih) himself, as Lat. 
PER se, by himself, without external 
aid. To see through (bia) the eyes, 
through the medium of. Through 
-envy, i. e. by reason of envy 

bia constitutes various periphrases 
with certain verbs. ' Am <l>6liov elvai, 
i. e. i^oPetaBai, Ai i^l^pas yiyvtaOai 
Tivi, to be treated like an enemy by 



any one. At* opyns ^X^i^ Tiva^ for 6^ 
yivOflrai rtyi. Ai* aloovi 6/ifA* ^x^iv, to 
look ashamed. Ai* oiktov Xafiely, for 
olKTtipai, Ata Tvyris Uyai, for iy f^X9 
Uyai» ' Am fJt&xrif iiyatt or dtp-iKiffdat 
rivl, to give battle. Am yXit^mit U- 
yac, to speak,' M. Most of these idioms 
are probably elliptical 

Aca-/3aXX(i» : I cast through, bit 
through, pierce through, transfix ; 
transfix with calumnies, with re- 
proaches or accusations. — Fr. bia-fii' 
fioXa, pm. of /3^Xw=/3a\Xw is dia-bth- 
lu$j the defailf i. e. the accuser 

^la'PlirTit, ov, o : a pipe through 
which water passes, a water-pipe. 
Also a pair of compasses in the form 
of A ; properly, that which straddles. 
In this case Im means, apart. — Fr. 
Piflnrat pp. of /3di# 

Aia-fivyiofxai : I make to pass 
througii. — Fr. (iuviuf, which compare 
with fiivi^ and (ia(vta 

* Am^ofiac : I begin to weave the 
web, I place the first thread ; Ijweave 

biaivfi) : I wet, moisten ; wet with 
tears. — Fr. biui, wh. bieplot, Bl.^ From 
i/«=5evii#, L. So iLXairWf Axaiyt^ fr, 

Alaira :^ mode of life ; mode of liv- 
ing in reference to food, diet ; place 
of living, abode. A decision or arbi- 
tration of matters; in which' sense 
some derive hence a diet or assembly 
of states to decide on public affiiirs * 

bia-Koviti : I minister, wait on. — See 


Ai-dicrMp, bi'atropo$ : one who car- 
ries about and disperses messages'; 
applied to Mercury, the messenger of 
the Gods. — Fr. ^a, in different di- 
rections (as in di'Spergo, &c.) and Ak- 
rai pp. of fiyo), I carry 

^i-acofx^ • interval of cessation from 
war, truce. — Byredupl. for fii-w^^i^, fr. 
I^Wf I stop, or rather fr. o^a pm. 
Ai'OKbtx^ would be more correct 

bi6-X€KTos: used by the philosophers 
for, familiar conversation; by the 
grammarians for, a separate or dis- 
tinct language, and different inflexion 
or pronunciation of the same lan- 

1 Interval of time is expressed by 8t^ in 3 Properly applied to things wetted from 
• other cases : 8i& rax^v, 8i3k rdxovs, quickly ; Jove, i. e. from- the sky (iK Atbs), EM. 

tih fipaxyrdToWf very shortly. 4 Apparently fr. haw, wh. Bedni, food, Fac* 

2 ' Ai' ifUpas est, per totum diem : non. From wm, in the sense of distribatbg, L. 
quoddie,' Hm. 





gUBge, ot dialect, Vk. — Fr. A^Xeirai 
pp. of \iyai. Aia-Xiyw, Buys Vk., is 
eligo, [ntlier se-ligo] 1 distiagui&li, se- 

Ai-a\\u<rffo/iai : 1 cliarige ; I Hin 
ctifTerent (fiAAoi) from anotber; I 
clmnge from my former animoaily,' 
liecome reconciled to another, — See 

tiaiiva£: quite tlirougb; entirely. — 
For hia-vhi or gt-as-aj, fr. was, nana, 
Trav, like firoj. So afijipaBtOf, a/ufia- 
aia for a^poaws, afaala. Unless it 
is put for Si-ava-TTcJ ; but dia here 
seems to have no power, and Hes. ex- 
plums the word by hi-o\ou 

btafiirtpis : quite througb, entirely, 
iiafiTTol, — ' Fr. it'Ova-TTtlpu, and not 
fr. iia-vipas, as the EM. asserts. H«' 
mer divides it : hta b' ifiTrepit,' Bl. 
See above 

ita-iiv^aiyvt 1 turn my mouth 
awry, distort my mouth. — See fivKXAt. 
OI o' iv-wpdrrjirav, w\ijv ye Qtofpaa- 
TDV ftevov' O^oc Se hi-efxvWaivf.y, iis 
^ £e{ioc,' Aristoph, 

ii'ayTaios: opplied to weapons 
which are thrown nt any one, and 
nbich penetrate the flesh. — F/. u>Ta 

ita-Ttpioioi : paitsiiig ibrongh, pe- 
netrating. Heralds are called htairpu- 
aiai, and are said to cry out itairpv- 
oiui, from their voice penelraiiiig the 
ear, — Supposed to be put for hia- 
-ropevctot ft. woptiiv 

iia-ppvii)v: so as to flow away in 
different directions and be dissipnlcd. 
— ^PtSSqi' fr. ippurai pp. of puu>^pciij. 
See aveSijc 

^a,-adkaKuiviS.iii : ' I imitate the mO' 
tkin of a delicate and vain man. Sn- 
XAxuv signifies a man arrogant and 
proud in the midst of the deepest po- 
verty ; one who by his eyes, mouth, 
walk, and the other motions of his 
body wishes to appear opulent,' Rei- 
sig. — Fr. aa\os, Lat. salum, molioii of 
the sea ; wh. atlas, salacis, salacious. 

derived from tibidiaons motions of llie 
body. ' Cognosli islius talacvnu ini- 
ijuilatem,' Cic. 

bta<na, uv I a festival of Jupiler.— 
Fr. A!(, A.OI. Jove 

'AiaefAo, oTOs : web. — Fr. S^Siao/ioi 
p. of biaSofiai 

^la-o-TrXeiTDw ! See xXexubi. ' FlXt- 
rouy and orXcKovy are the same ; so 
/jtcpos and nfiicpos, &c., Br. 

Aio-oi^qJ, dytis, if. an opening be- 
tween two places, a gap, canal, — Fr. 
latjiaEai pp. of irifiaiui ft. (f-aSm and 
faui, 1 open, cleave 

&ia-Ttdpvnfiiros : ' one who lies bro- 
ken and debilitated by fear. But this 
meaning is as rare as the other is 
common, viz. one who is broken by 
luxury,' B. — Fr, riOpufifiai pp. of 


Na-TEXew: I carry th rough toaneiid; 
I go on to the end, persevere, con- 
tinue. — Fr. riXos 

Ai-oTT^u/: 1 sift, — Properly, I make 
to leap through. Fr. dTTdw=£T-riu, L, 

ilavXos:^ a double course or 8t»' 
dium, a course and back again. — 
AinuXoif Kv^orwi' ^opoo/ttyoi,^ £urip. 

Aux-^fpu : I carry througb ; I carry 
in diflfereut directions ; I disagree, dif- 
fer.—Tr. fipu 

Aia-^pei : it is of consequence, of 
imporlance. Opposed lo, it is in- 

Aiii-fiopai' : that which is earned 
between persons, circulating medium, 
money, J. — Fr. ■iti<f<opa, pm. of <fipta 

hia-^vii : a seam or suture bjr which 
two things grow together; a fissure, 
separation, J. But hm, perhaps, pro- 
perly here implies interval. — Fr. fw 

gid-^uvoi : diseonanl. — Fr. ^>^. 
Comp. di in ' dissonant ' 

A,M<7KUP, £(» : 1 teach. ' ThcMid<fle 
expresses also wlial we procure to be 
done to or for us by another. Tbits 
B father is said hthalaa&at bis son, 
when he has sent him to a master to 

T^i tfieSfV tx^pit^ »'' C., ' 

fl^out, Eurip. 

6 They >il clapped, eicept Tlicophnutii 
nho turned hit noulh awiy, as a very knonin 
fcUoH (' utpole rii sdtni a elegani, I 

7 Fr. tU; »nd abXii, a loag and jono^ 
stailiuia ; generally, any long narrow ckaaneL. 
A double course from Ihc Blartiag place lo ttie 
end^ ind back again. Dm. ' Af-avXai,' taye 

ate he atsrled ; fr. Sis and nBAfffoflai, 
he Btood Iwice in l!i« tanie placi.' 
1 ia used for, I occujiy oi liold a ala- 

tt Cuiiied hy ilie reciprocal couratii of 111 




be edfwalcd,' VaK — See S^w after Sa- 

yia * 

Aii»iiOii two-fold, twin. — ^Fr. ^^ 
duo, are M^cm and iliwfAOi,^ Dm. A<- 
otret Sfo itiiffM, Eurip.» Two twin 
lions, flence Didymteua Apollo'^ 

AlSwfu : see bwa 

£i-€iXi^: I escape through. — See 
AX^M. 'AX^ and elXW are allied. See 

hg-4pafM, aros : a strainer or refiner. 
— Fr. ipm are ipaut and fylw, I draw ; 
extract, void, empty, L. From fyafiat 
pp. of jp^M is ii'iffiafia, Corop. &ir- 

Ac€(A^: wet, moist, ^evyeii/ Siep^ 
iro^i is an expression of Homer. Lu- 
cretius has: * Qui via secta semel Li« 
QVIDO PSDB detulit undas.* A li- 
quid foot, says Ernesti, is plainly at- 
tributed by Lucretius to the waves ; 
wby tfaerefore should we not in Homer 
understand it of a shipt — Fr. 2/mss 
hew, d/i# is properly, I penetrate ; 
and 18 metaphorically used of pene- 
trating water by dipping any thing 
in it 

&rStf," biSfifii I I search, seek, en- 
quire*— ^A^cov k&i/ievos ei TFov if-eti* 
pM,** Horn. 

6i*fiyi0fjiat : 1 explain, relate. — Pro- 
perl^» I lead, point out, show, the 
way. See i/yiofiat 

ot-i|yeja)s : See ^veidis 

dsMpaiA^oi :'^ a poem written in ho- 
nor of Bacchus. — * Sen per audaces 
nova dithyraimhos Verba devolvit,' 

tkbai : law, justice, right ; law-suit, 
trial, dka (as Ter., * Sexcentas scri« 
bile mihi i/tMs, nihil do*) ; law, cus- 
tom ; deeision of law ; punishment ad- 
judged by law ; and thus to give hUti^ 
is to be punished, as in Lat. ' dare 
pcnam*' Also, law of society, cus- 
toiB^ mantier. Hence himt^ is used 
for Kark hitapff more, jure, after the 
fbn* or manner of, like.'^ Hence Lat. 
* dieU causii,* for form's or fashion's 

9 I know not wbethet rp^v!^( oppote»« Ihia 

10 ' Because he illmnmates the sky by a 
double light ; in the da^ by himself, in the 
nigbt by the moon, which receives her light 
from him,' Macrob. 

11 Fr. ZiMy (as S#tf fir. ScU«) I pursue, L. 
Compare 3dw, 1 learn ; S^* I discover. 

IS Seeking for Asins, if he could find liim 

sake. From cv-Sirw is probably th^ 
dicOt^^ I vindicate, i. e. put justice in 
force. H. Hcet for dicet. See Sdkpv 
A/jcacof : just, equitable.— Fr. bini 
Aiffaffn)s : a Judge. — Fr.. itilKawrmi 
pp. of biKoSv fr. Uicfi 
AU :'^ twice, bis. — Hence diS'ijtl' 

A/'iceXXo: an instrument driven 
with both hands, J. Or, an instrti- 
roent with two prongs driven into the 
ground. — Fr. iU and rAXw (pello, I 
drive), wh. pro-eelim, a driving storm ; 
and peT'Cello, I drive or move vehe^ 

biKiiXoy: See ieinXoy 

bl-Kpoy: a pitch-fork with two 
prongs. — For bl-Kepov, fr. xipas, a 
horn. So Virgil has ' forcae bi-cor- 

bi'Kpaiot: double-pronged. — For 
bfKipaios : See bUpor 

bi'Kpaipot : double-pronged. -^ Fr. 
Kpalpa, a horn. See aliove 

AiKrArfifp I the Latin dictator 

A/mrof : a discus, a quoit ; a platter, 
disk, (Sai. diu) from the form ; the 
orb of the sun, disk. — For &«of*^ fr. 
bUu, I throw 

A/Mtf : I throw or cast. — See above 

diKTvov : a casting-net. — Fr. bAitc^ 
rat pp. of S/ffw. ' Jaculum* is used by 
Plautus in tlie same sense 

A/ffrvfra : * a nymph of Crete, who 
first invented hunting nets. She 
was one of Diana's attendants. Some 
have supposed that Minos pursued 
her, and that she threw herself into 
the sea, end was caught by fisher- 
men*s nbts,' Lempr. — Fr. blicrvov 

/Hkw\ See after blinos 

A/ni: a whirlpool. — Fr. biy4kt. 
Hence biy^eit, whirling. ^icafA&ybpotr 
biyijeyTOs, Horn. 

^ivii$f : I whirl round. — See above 

bi^os : double. — A dialectic form of 
bi(r(r6s. So rpi^6s for rpt^^ros, irXd$i» 
for irXaenrm, M^ 

bi'6 : i. e. bta b, on account of which, 

any where. 

15 Generally derived fr. Sir and S^pm, a 
door ; from the double origin of Bacchus ; first 
from Semele, then from the thigh of Jupiter. 

14 Bl. thinks the primary signification of 
Siinywasi image, similitude. See SckcAov. 

16 Varro derives it from * vim dioo.' 

16 From S^urcu pp. c4 Btm, Idividei L. 

17 Coup, fidarpvxos and \4T-ys\o, 



VfMenTon ' 

it6-y„<Toi: Bacchus.—' Fr.Ait, d<ut, 
Jupiter, and riiaau, I prick, pierce, 
wound. Bacchus 'ivas so called from 
having been inaerled inlo llie Ihigli 
of Ju]iiter,' L. ' Dionysta hie sunt 
liodie,' Terence 

ii-owos: one who lias the care of 
any thing.— Fr, oira pm. of iitia 

Sim : sprung from Jove, diVus, di- 
vine ; having some t^m'ne quality, as 
immensity, perfecliou, purity, &c. — 
For hCios fr. iit, Atoi, Jove. Hence 
'dia Camilla,' Virg. 

hi-irXaSa : 1 form or make double ; 
I double; I am double.— Probably fr. 
hiforbU, twice; ^aA Tc\a.£bi:='!TKaaua, 
See 2,4c!> 

5i-jrXa£, oKoi, o : a double surface, 
— Fr. 6i for hU and n\ai„ a plain sur- 

5<-jrX.'«T,os : double. Fr. 6< for ih. 
and TteTrXaaat pp. of n-Xau or a-Xa^u^ 
wAqctow. See hi-irkaSbi'^ 

Ai-tXodi, n-Xour: two-fold, double ; 
double in mind, deceitful. — H.f^u-p/us 
and di-ploma, di-ploiaatie. See d- 

Aii: twice. See before S/wXXn 
A}i,Aioi: Jupiter. — ii.diVua.dium, 

\ieKOi. Sec before ^i'ilu 

ilriK-DvpBv : the LIMIT by which 
the throw of Ihe discus is terminated. 
— Fr. bloKoi and ojpoi 

iioffoi, iirrut: twin, double. — Fr. 
Si., twice 

a<-ffrd£w: I doubt.— Fr. S, for iii, 
and ffroii), 177-u wh. ato. 1 stand in a 
place where are two roads, nut know- 
ing wliiL'h way to take, Sehl. 

ht-^«0io(: double.— Fr. 61 for h\t, 
and n-E^Qoai pp. of ^aui, 1 speak, as 
Lat. ' bi-farius' and ■ bi-farian' fr. 
' for, faris' 

hiifau>: I feel after, search for. — 
See the passage quoted on rifias 

ii-ipOipa : a skin twice soaked, pre- 
pared, ' bis currupla, putrefacta,' L. ; 
Iiarchmenl. — Fr. ii for Sic and ^flfpi 
till, of fOcli^u 

Sl-fpos : a carriage which bears two. 




— For hi-^apos fr. Trii^Bpa pm. of 

ii^a, hi-^B'a : in two ways or parts 
separately, divided ly; separately from, 
wilhonl.— Conip. hit. Hence dicho- 
-lomizcd,'^ as applied to Ihe moon 
when she appears only half illumi- 

SiXW*!^- dividing into two parts. — 
Fr, hiya. See rEwpij: and irohrip^t 

if'i^a :" thirst. — 'In meiliis sitie- 
BAVT dipsades^ nnriis,' Lucan. 'Scor- 
pion, and asp, and amphisbxna d'ne. 
And dipias,' Milton 

Ai'u ; I fear.— See before itiiirva- 

Siia, iivbi, and iia>KU fr. SeSiWa p. of 
htiia : I run, fly ; make to run or fly, 
)>ursne,pcrsecuie, prosecute: drive off, 
repel, expel. — E. derives hiiiKa fr. biai 
tS™, but is certainly mistaken. The 
primary idea of these verbs seems to 
have been that of FEAR, and btai seems 
lo have signified, I fly or run ihrough 
FEAR. See before biilairn/iai 

SiciiKuSiu: 1 pursue. — An eittended 
form of S.UXU. So imii^aOw for vircf- 

Si-wXuyios : great, immense, im- 
mensely extended, long. — A corrup- 
tion perhaps for b<-wpuyias fr. opiyu, 
I extend, J. It doublless proceeds 
from o\vbi derived fr, S\os, wkok or 
solid, L. Ai(uAuy/ni . . . I'lTtelpow, Ap. 


iiiipil : a nymph, the mother of 
Venus» — ' Sacra JJioneeis matri Divis- 
que ferebam,' Virg. 

i^iiE, uiis: a slave by conquest. — 
For Sofiui fr. ia/jH, domo, \ subdue 

ivo-traXiSui : I shake with a whirl- 
ing motion, shake round and round. 
Homer has rn mi paKca iroiraKllfit, OB 
which E. observes : 'The word paiDta. 
exactly the dress of a beggar and Ihft 
diflicully he labors under in drawiog 
his rags to cover one part of his bodj? 
which is naked, and, while he coven 
that, leaving the other part bare.' OuB 
word 'rustle' may perhaps expreM iL' 
^Fr. hluBs and TraXliu fr. n-iiXwa 
ToAXu, L. It is explained by £., nli 

■n-akafiait iiyiar ^ 

able Ti 

of iheir t: 


3 ' ^owaKl^u, for Ssg^iaAl^u, 1 darkeo. 
cover, wmp round, OJ. f. 51B. 'Ah)p irfy' 
iSvQiriMifV, II. 3. 472. one man nsKtilJng 

ANO 73 

Ay6^ : darkness. — ^See yrdfos 
ASyfta, aros : an opinion^ determi- 
natuNi, decree. — Fr. biboy/jiai pp. of 
doMK H. dogma, dogmatical 

Aoipa : a driok made of nine ingre- 
dients and weighing nine ounces.—* 
Fr. Lat. dodtmnt 

ioSti^, ^pos, 6 : a tumor arising from 
thick httOiors in fleshy parts of the 
body. — Aeidi^vrnv ica2 i^vfidrtiy fuaros^ 

Soiiit, wBos, 6 : a pestle. — By red upl. 
for iv(, and tliis fr. bihv^ai pp. of 
^v^tfw formed fr. iikt, I penetrate, di- 
vide, L. Compare buo, duo, two. Ao/<> 
hu^ is that which breaks in pieces and 
divides. ^AiOiyov Bveibioy . « • jcal So/* 
^Ka,^ Affisloph. 

Aoiif, iouH : two, iiiit, duo 
Aot^ : a deubt which of two ways 
or plans to pursue. — Fr. iotii 

AoiaSm, coaSm> I doubt, rejSect, 
judge between two opinions. 'Eioda- 
craro, the one course was judged the 
better of the twOj it seemed better. — 

Aoxd^n^, ioKai^, ioicewa : These verbs 
are used, like the Lat. excipio, (as, 
' £xcipit incautam, patriasque obtrun- 
cac ad aras,' Virg.) and intercipio, 
for^ I intercept, ensnare, or look out 
for an opportunity of ensnaring ; look 
oat for, observe, expect. AoicdS^ is 
sometimes used also in the sense of 
Soc^w.— ^Fr. biboKa pm. of biiaa, capio, 
excipio, intercipio' 

A6K%i, tf^ ; boKiiax From the idea of 
* observing* which has been noticed 
in hoK&Sm, is gained that of consider- 
ing and judging. Hence boiaa is, I 
tbiak, judge ; determine, resolve. It 
is used also in a neuter sense for, I am 
tbougbt or judged of, appear, seem. 
8o also for, I am thought highly of, I 
am honored, receive honor and glory. 
Comp. * repute ' and * reputation ' fr. 
' puto.' Aoic€i, it appears, it is judged 
or determined. — Fr. bkboim pp. of 
botM are ortho-dox,^ para-dox;^ and 
doMhlagy.^ Also see boy^ia 
AAKifios : one of whom ojthers liave 

mother blinded him, i. e. poshed the shield in 
Idf fsce so as to blind him/ J. 

a A stone mortar and pestle. 

4 One of rigbt opinions or sentiments. Fr. 
<pCb«. right. 

6 That which is contrary to what we shool^ 
haye thought or expetled, or to general opi- 


a good opinion, well thought of, ap- 
proved. — Fr. b6Kt^ 

AoKt/jLaSia : I judge of another, exa- 
mine, try him ; judge well of, approve 
him. — Fr, b6KtfjLOi 

Aorof, Iji a beam. A meteor, from 
the shape. ' Emicant et trabbs si« 
mili modo, quas doeos vocant,' Piiay. 
— Fr. biboKa pm. of bixm, I receive. 
That which receives the weight of 
a building 

Aocw : See before b^fws 

boXixosi long. — AoXcxac koI bcXiai 
iXwlbes, Long and deceitful hopes. Ao* 
XiXO'OKiov iyx^h Hom., A spear cast-? 
ing a long shadow 

boXt^ps : a length or distance ; the 
length of a race-course ; a course oif 
career; a chariot for the course- 
See above 

AoXes : dolus, deceit 

AoXiiiv, tavos, 6 : a dagger or stiletto, 
with which one lies in wait for ano- 
ther. Or a staff with a stiletto in it^ 
so called, says Servius, from its de- 
ceptive appearance. * Pila manu sae- 
vosque lerunt in bella dolones,* Virg. 
— Fr. SoXof 

Aofia, aros : a gift. — Fr. biiofiai 
pp. of bokf, b&, do 

Aofws : domus, a house. — See bA- 

Aoi'^w and -oai : I whirl, agitate, 
shake. — Comp. bipi^a 

^vai, QKos, 6 : a reed as shaken by 
the wind. — Fr. boviia 

Ao^a : opinion ; expectation ; re- 
putation. — See boKia 

Aopa : a skin, bag. — Fr. b^bopa pm. 

of bipiit 

Aopi, opKos, ^ : a wild goat. — Fr. b^ 
bopKa pm. of. b^picia ; from its quick 
sight. * Capra fera mirse agiliiatis ; 


bdpiroy : a repast. — Properly, a 
plucking of fruits : fr. bebopwa pm. of 
bipTrut=:bpiwia, L. 

AopVt geu. bopvos, bovpos ; and b6pa, 
aros : timber, wood ; a plank or beam ; 
a spear ^ as made of wood. — See bipkf 


6 A solemn ENUMERATION of circumstaiH^B 
which tend to the divine honor or glory. 
Fr. XdAxrya pm. of \iyw, I say or speak oL 

7 *■ That i6pcn'a are spearo, not javelins, it 
shown b^ Schclius on Hygin. p. 310=^18/ S. 


40P 74 dPA 

^pvxyiof. n herb U9ci) ill poisoning i^^iiiu: I do, iierfDrm, ucl, ago ; 1 

llie points of spears. — Fr. bupu ' minister, serve, for iffo-^pdu,— Fr. bi- 

iiffd, S: a gift.— Fr. S^Stwni pp. of ipa/iat pp, i-i drama, (and dramatic) 

Win, !«, rfo. Hence a dole of piiysio llie action of a comedy or tragedy ; 

HiTKa : See Siiw for plujcrs, says Fac, acerb dicun- 

ioSXei : a stave, servant. — For Ho- tiir, arc said lo act or lo perform '" 

\os (as ftXoS^ec for ^i\eo;iev) fr. ifto, Apalyai : 1 do or intend lo do.^Fr. 

I bind. So we say a ' bond-inan ' (V. ipaui 

' bind.' Hence peiliaps adulor, adu- Apai.'ui', ovroi : draco, a dragon. — 

lation See iapn* 

Aovvos; See /JouKis SpniriT-qi : a fiigilivf, runaway slave. 

AouTTot : a great sound or roaring. — Comp. hpina, I flee, ' Conferunt ser- 

— ^' Our ears are so well acquainted nionea inter seac (/rapciffi,' Plant, 

with the sound, that wC never mark ^pairdu : I desire to do, I will lo 

ir; as the Egyptian Cata dopes i\f\tr do. — ^Fr. ^p«au(I will do) ful. of fpaw. 

heard llie KOARINU of the fall of So ' facturio ' fr. ' fac turns,' 'esurio' 

Nilu3, because the noise was so fa- fr. ' esurus ' 

miliar to Iheni,' Brewer. Aduttoi is i^puaeai: see before ^ay^a 

supposed lo be Imitative of the souijd Apaorljp and hpijariip: au agent, 

iovp-rffiKTls : See i/iek-^i minister, servant, — i't. pp. 

ioj{^: an entertain ment,~-Fr. SeSo- o( tpaSai^bpaoi, ago 

j(« pm. of £^)(u, I welcome ^ariit : fur finpTos fr. li&apToi pp. 

Aox/ii): a measure equal to the otbalpbi 

palm or the breadth of llie fmir fin- ipnjyi^: a {/lacAmrr, about six attic 

gers. — For Sox'A'^ ^- biioxa pm. of oboli. — See bpuaaa 

bix-i ; i. e.,_tlie measure of that part dpdui : 1 do. See before Spo/rw 

of the hand by which we take any hpiu, ipuaxu, bttpdaru, bpaandSn, 

thing ^i7^< : I run away, tiee.— Perbaps al- 

bo)(flos, l6)(fUDs : slanting, oblique, bed to hptfiui. See 'A-bpdareia 

wiuding.' — For boj^ifiBS fr, b^bo^a pm, Apf/iui : I run, — Fr. pm. bibpofm are 

of ^e^w; for the foldings of what is pro-dromvi, a fore runner; and dro- 

crooked are CAPACIOUS, Mar.' IloX- medary. ' Vidimus cauielos quos oh 

hit b' &y-ayTa, KOT-avra, irap-avra tc, niniiam VELOCITATEM dromedaries 

ioXI^'a t' ?i\Oav, Horn. Erery ear, vocant,' Jerome 

says Broome, must feel ihe propriety Apejru," i^ : I crop, mow, reap. — 

of'^sound in this line Hcuce ^pirrnvo.., a 'sickle. ' 'frapani, 

ttobi, b&, bw/it, blbbi/ii, boaxM : do, a seaport of Sicily : it has an excetleni 

I give; give up; give in marringe. — harbour in the furm of a sicklct wh. 

See Mi'Of its ancient name Drepanum,' Brookes 

Apuaobi, i,ia : I grasp, seize. — Fr, •SpiXot:'^ See the note 

pp. bibpay/xac nr properly £t'£pn)(p<ii Api/iiis: cutting, keen, acute,' sharp, 

is bpaxt<ih drachma, a dram; i. e. as acid, bitler, morose. — ForS^fii/ivs fr, 

much as one can grasp with the hand, btbipifiai pp. of bepiiu'^^'bepu; i, e. 1 

a handful having a cutting power, L. See llie I 

Apityfiii, oTOii a handful. — See note on ipTAm I 

above bpias : See bpios \ 

8 Krlov Diav pcrliniis be dorivrd fr. iailcii= 

la It occurs in an I'liigrani of Uiiilius : "H- 


fltAt APIMTI St™- Toirpdrf" 'Upinpos tlwi, . 

9 ' Fuiti! ub angulie quo qiiig in cuciu xx- 

NCi- Bi t!) API p^t tx", AOZ Bi th Kti yi- * 

c.piTUB, lit 1,1 est. cmum esse .iJetur o,i,i 

yavt : Hictonjinns wialied formerlj to Jie »t-iy '' 

a B^«fl=.,' L. 

tfi^h, «v«e<.r«telic; bow l>e bu Ip. in- 

10 Drama: a poom accommoclBlcd lo aciwn ; 

deed, but pvs lias btcunie Aoi. ■ ApTKa; it. ' 

a poemin wliicli Ihe nctiun is nul tclaltd, but 

voipOB, titctiumiiied, tfrippsd bare. It h«re ■ 

rBpresoited, T, 

signiSei H HbiilinoiiB man, or not so much a mm * 

H rorS.p^fr.8«p/B.=B€'pB,I.Thiitisn?u. 

lis a Prinpus. Thoie who drank oot of > \ 

6end prolmble fmm Ibis |>S6iagD of Herodo4ue, 

glaaaj Prispiw wore called Jri/u-jwte. Ca- ■ 
lullus simiUtl; cnlli tLe Mlsdoiu FIm viarjiK J 
PRiAruM,' Jncbs. „^^J 

*5XX« Kara-tpeirarrn *at-imSioy, Btringcnics, 

nirning thrm through llie Itancis antl tbus 

iifipping olTlhe uutci skin. 

13 Coinparc inpiti and t^pii. ^^^H 

APO 75 

ipo&ni, ipvrti : a wash tub made of 
oak.-r-For ipviiif fr. bpvs, hpvos 

/^fito9 : a course, cursus ; a place 
for a course or for walking. ' ^SfAtu 
sunt loca cursibus destinata, sive aiii- 
l^ulacra publica,' R. — See bpifjua 
■ ^otfoc: dew. Used by metapbor 
fur ail animal lately born, as wet from 
tbe mother, or as being soft and ten- 
der.** Because dew, says Cas., is a 
weak and powerless shower, therefore 
soft Hud tender things are compared 
to it. — In this word the Greeks seem 
to iMve added S,'^ which the latins 
seem to have taken away again in the 
word ros 

Apo$, g. ipvos, >/ : an oak. — * Dem 
ill the Celtic, as derw in Welsh and 
Armoric, signifies an oak ; and as the 
Druids held this tretf in great reve- 
rence, it is supposed that tiieir name 
was hebce derived, ^vs offers the 
same reason,' T.** Hence the Dryn" 
du and Hamo'dryades 

Apvfids : a forest of oak. — Fr, bpvs 

Apvo$, iplos : a forest of oak. — Fr. 

bpih^oi: beams of oak on which 
ships are built, the fouudations of a 
BCfw ^hip. — Fr. bpvs and oxa pro. of 
l^ii^^ I l^ld, support 
. 8pff*o\l/, Qwos: qui versatur in quer- 
qubus, 9 wood-pecker. — Fr. hp^ and 
owa piu. of hrta 

^inrrv : I lacerate, tear. — Fr. hpvs, 
CM.'^ From the notion of peeling 
or stripping oak or any wood. But 
L. with more probability compares it 
with bptTTU) and bipw, Mpw may have 
produced bepixu and bepvnut, wh. bpi^ 
Win and ipiirwf bpvima 

Apvc : see before ipvfios 

JSpvTij : see hpolvfi 
. hpv faKTOii the balusters or rails 
which encompassed the court of jus- 

14 Compare ?p(rt}. 

15 For the best derivation of Sp6iros is fr. 
p6aos fr. ^poarcu pp. of &6cp, I flow. So /3 is 
pre6xec1, as in fip6ioy for p6Soy, 

16 Morin makes the following sensible ob- 
servation : ' Druid, an ancient Gaulish priest, 
so called fr. tbe Celtic denv, an oak ; because 
tlie oak was a tree sacred in the nation. Pliny 
and some others pretend that this word came 
direct fr. ^pvs. Yet, as the Druids were the 
plulosophers and the priests of the ancient 
Ga\ils, it seeros^ that it is in their tongue and 
not in any other that « we are to seek for the 
origin of Ihcir name. The resemblance of the 


tice.— ^For ^/oii-^fMirros, fr. bpi>s and 
wifjtpaKTai pp. oi <l>pd(r am 

dpiiwalt QKoSf V I a pkster foT' 
PLUCKING OUT the hair.— -Fr.^p^iTtf. 
Comp. b&fia and bifiia, arpuffdn^ and- 

huri : want, distress. — ^Properly ne- 
cessity ; fr. bin, I want; of .fr.. the 
ancient bevto, Bl. Fr. ^vm.I sink ; from 
its sinking us in wretchedness^ L* Sor- 
row» causing the mind to sink* J. 
N^ac vim bijat 6vai, i£sch. Al, at, al, 
at, bva, bva. Id. 

bvdftil : the Doric form of' bva fii 

AvvaficH, bvvdofiai, bitpddv/iai :** I 
am able or powerful, I can. 1 am 
worth, valeo ; I am of the aame value :■ 
A parasang {hvyarat) is the same as 
300 stadia. — Fr. bebi&paarat p. of. iv^ 
vdSiofxai is a dynasty or sovereignty ; 
and iT, bebvvafAaitire dynamics in Me- 

^vvarosz able, powerful able (o 
perform, adequate. — Fr. beburarai p. 
of bvvdofiai 

£irO,bvun'9 duo,tVfO 

Aw, buvm, bvfit, bvoKw : I penetrate 
into or under ; penetrate or go uhder 
the earth, as applied to ilie sun set- 
ting ; I sink under ; go under arms or 
clothes, put on. — ^The same as daV, 
biht. Fr. iy-blfbf is Lat. tn-duo, I put 
on. Fr. pp. bibvrai is &'bvTOv (fl-rfjf- 
tmn) which see 

AvnTto : I dip, immerse. — A form of 

bvia, bvy6t, M. 

bvpo/iai : See obi^pofiai 

dki>s :^ with painfulness, distress^ 
or difficulty. — Hence dys-eniery,* an 
ill or disordered state of the bowels, 
a flux. Hence too Dys-pari * in.Oyid, 
i. e. unfortunate Paris. So Eurtp., 
^va-eXira, unfortunate Helen 

bva-rfXeyris : applied to war, death, 
&c.and translated, heavy, painful, &c. 

words derw and SpDs proves only that they have 
a common origin, and not that the one comes 
from the other.* This idea may be exten<ied to 
such coincidences as ropvw, turn ; tx^^t ache; 
Koyyw, con, cunning ; paivoi, rain ; Mta, dew ; 
ol<f>4u, wife ; ^iTdu, foot ; koXcw, call ; terhs, 
wet; &c. 

17 Compare KaraZp^fia. 

18 Fr. ^6yoi), I enter, introduce myself ^ 
whence the notion of power, L. 

19 From 8^=8(iw, I divide. 

20 Compare 8i^, L. 
i From iKTcgov, wh. ' venter.* 
2 The emeiid«.Woii olU^muw^. 


in 7 

— Fr. Uyu (wh. X^x"*) ' ""''*« l-o 
sleep, i. c. not easily made to sleep or 
rest ; or fr. ikeyos, a lamcDlHtioTi, i. c. 
producing sad lameotations, EM, But 
£, derives it more probably fr. dX^yu; 
i. e. one who dues not easily mind or 
care, one wbo is unmoved by a care 
or regard for anotber, savage. Ava- 
-ijXtyloi xoX^/ioio, Ham. 

Aua-deT£io : I am ill DISPOSED to any 
one; 1 have my affairs ill disposed 
or arranged, I am perplexed. — Fr. t^- 
Bcrai pp. otOiw, I place 

Mats : the Getting of tbc sun, the 
west, — Fr. iiivaai pp. of Sucu 

Al/a-KoSot : fastidious about food ; 
generally, fastidious, difficult to jilease, 
morose, unpleasant; irksome; diffi- 
cult, arduous. — Fr. tuXov. See /3oti- 

AvaKu : see bOu before iirTti 

Aurr-fieyrls : having an ill uitnd to 
one, inimical. — Fr. fiiyos, mens 

Avcftii : the same as iiats 

iaa-olSm: I fear, think or suspect 
ill.— Fr.otw, Hhink, J. From ot, Jil. 

iiiti-oi/iDt, In iva-olfiov ri'jftjs in 
£schylus 81. translates it lamentable ; 
and observes: ' Schol. : tva-jrnpeiiTov 
riijcjt. Hes. : AiJff-oi/ioc ^i Kaxov ifcou- 
ca ^ hvo-of>os. Both therefore derive 
it fr. nlfxos, a way. I would rather 
derive it fr. oiiitf or mfos, a song, no 
that it should correspond to iia-Opoos 
and bua-KiX.aim' 

Sfcr-ir^/i^Xoi : applied to a sea, 
over which ships are £ENt on with 
difficulty; and to sailing, which 
takes place in a sea which is bvcnrif^- 
^cAoi. Hence it is applied to an un- 
manageable, intractable man. — Fr. 
vinefii^a p. of icifTKiii 

liia-wfT^s: falhug out ill, unfortu- 
nate. Also, difficult. 'Opa' fiaStiyyiip, 
iyyut uv, oi iaeirtT>)i,^ Sopli. See ei- 

i in 

Siff-DrjjvDi, either fr. aryvai, i. t. one 
who has not the power of standing 
[or, who can f nd no place where he 
may stand] or fr. rrriva), EM. 

tva-rpavf'Koi: one who is with diffi- 
culty turned or changed, immutable, 
inflexible; uncouth in manners, un- 
polished, inelegant.— Fr. hpaicov a. 2. 
of Tpiita. Comp. rphrot, applied to 

hi-orrpiot z wretched, undone. -For obvi 

Ava-xepifi : hard, rough, unpleasant. 
— Fr. xiip g. xepo*- I- e. difficult to 
the hand or to be handled 

iiirr-^epaivw : I judge any thing to 
be unpleasant or disagreeable ; I dis- 
like, am tired of, or angry with, any- 
thing, — See above 

hliiT-jfifios : cold. — Fr. \l/ia, cold, 
Bl. See xelfca 

Avu : See beibre &!irra> 

i£ : for &Afia 

iti-Wa : twelve. — For Suiu-^nr, 

Auhti^a-puios: worth twelve oxen. — 
Fr. fioi,, fl„6, 

AH/ia, arot : a house, domus. — For 

5i!|ni fr. biiofia pm. of hc/iia 

Aupiiu: 1 iniilute the Dorians, use 
the Doric dialect 

Auipov: a gift; dowry. Also, ibe 
breadth of the palm of the hand.— 
For biiopov fr. iuu, hu, da, L. Hence 
Pan-dora.* ' The ancient Greeks,' 
says Pliny, 'called a palm's breadtli 
bmpoi-i and therefore they called gifts 
iapa, because they are given by the 
hand.' The reverse would be more 
probable. So ie^m is formed fr, ii- 


Aaipo-ioKos : one who receives gifts; 
also, one who causes gifts to be re- 
ceived, one who gives gifts, — Fr. Sw- 
pay, and biioKa pni. q{ bixu 

baipO'Kotriia is Used by the LXX. 
for, 1 corrupt by gifis, bribe ; but the 
application of Ktureui or xurru is not 




E' : 5. E, : 5000 

*£: himself; him. — Accusative of 
ab, dat. ot. From I is Lat. se, as 'sex* 
fr. I{ 

*E : a cry of woe. — *lkt /loc fiot, e S 
^ I, £scb. 

"Ea:' a crj expressive of various 
emotiotfs of the mind. *A h, la la, 

*Ehy:^ if, hv ; whether, as Lat. mi. 
It is used aJso like ay as a particle ex- 
pressive of supposition, as ' Whatso* 
ever you shall (ear) ask, you shall re* 

*Earos : fit to be put on and worn, 
applied to garments. Sometimes it is 
used as a substantive, a garment being 
understood. — Fr. e«, I put on. Corop. 

"Eiop,'' j(p, g. iapoSf ijfpos, Toi the 
spring. — Fr. ?p, iJpo« is Lat. tvr, verU 

*E,-avrdv : of himself, sui. It is used 
also of the first and second persons, 
for ifi^avTov, ae-avrov. — ^See ^ and ah* 


'£&#: mitto, permitto, omitto, di- 
mitto, praetermitto, I suffer, leave off, 
cease, dismiss, let rest without further 
thought. — Fr. iia or Iw, mitto 

Hmn * The form of the gen. plur. 
fern. 18 sometimes in the oldest poets 
joined with substantives of the neuter 
gender; as bCtfuav ^awv, Horn., fr. ko$ 
=:^f. So Hesiod, fiXet^pay Kvared^ 
%iv! M. 

^Efitofiot : seventh. — For lirSo/iof or 
iwrofios fir. enra, septem. Somewhat 
similafly, fr. oxrif, octo, eight, is (oy* 
7ooss=) oyhoos, eighth 

"EfieKos, ilievos, ii: ebonjf, a hard 
heavy black wood 

"E/y^yayyis, See yayyinis 

5 Supposed to be tbeimperatiTe of liw ; i. e. 
line iiie,^et me, let me fuone. It is difficult 
however to trace to this source all its meanings ; 
and it may therefore have been derived from 
the soand. 

6 It sctems to be the infinitive of 4da», I per- 
mit, allow. So 'if ia for, gif) 1. e. give. 
'Grant, attow, that the thing be so.' 

7 Fr. iM=u^v, I send, send out. For the 
earth at this season sends oat from its bosom its 
fertility, L. 

8 It. iyyvos, a sponsor -, and this fr. iyy^s, 

iyyvakiSu : I put into the hand of 
another, give. — Fr. ey and yvoXov, the 
hollow of the hand 

iyyvti:^ a security, pledge, engage- 
ment. — AeiXai Toi itiX&v ye Kal iyyva% 
kyyvaaaOai, Hom., Securities for the 
bad and worthless are themselves bad 
and worthless^ 

iyyvt : at hand, near. — ' Fr. iy 
yvjl, in the hand, or perhaps fn iy 
yvrisp as ifi'wohity fr. Iy and irotov. So 
[xeatni'yvs fr. fiitrari y vijs,' Remarks on 
M. See yi^Xov »° 

kyyliw : I come near, draw near to. 
— Fr. iyyvs 

'£yei>w," fiit. iycpmi 1 lead np^^ 
raise, raise up ; raise from sleep, rouse» 
wake; raise a wall, build.— "Eyeip^ 
lyeipe koI av Tiivi\ eyuf bk ak, iEsch. 

iy-xalyia : * festivals anciently kept 
on the days on which cities were built; 
by the Jews, on which their temple 
was dedicated ; by Christians, on 
which their churches were conse- 
crated, &c.,' T. — Fr. Kaivos, new 

iy-Kauiu* AareSai/LuSyioi to rriftweiy 
ras lioriOelas ev-eretdiffav, Polyb., ne- 
glected by BAD counsel, ' prse animi 
PEAVITATB,' Cas. See en-KOKiu 

ky^Kavaama : I pour in with a gug- 
gling noise. — Fr. jcarax^* or fr. Karovr, 
a can, EM. 

iy-icapos: the brains. — Fr» iy and 

iy-Kopffios : cross, oblique, transr 
verse. — Fr. Kixapaai pp. of Ktip^, 
which TH. translates, 'I curve and 
bend obliquely.' From Kelpu or 
Kipta is ic^as, a horn* *EK'Tpair6/Aeyo8 
oly T^s hr ehOelas, iyKapaioy iirpavby 
€vpwy, Pbilo 

lyirara, wy: the intestines. — ^Alfia 

near, L. I would rather retain the common 
etymology, and derive it fr. iy and y^y, the 
open band, S. 

' The Scbol. offers the best explanation: 
Al Mp Ttay Kcaatv jccd Z^iK&y ^yyiftu ical oSroi 
KOKol €lffi, T^v irUrrty 6ir\p r&p roto&rwy iiriM^S 
mp^tp iwofiivov. Engagements for those, who 
cannot be driven to pay the debt, are of no 
avail and should be received by none,' CI. 

10 If Ayx^ is rightly derived fr. Ayywy iyy^ 
may similarly be derived fr. fyyof==&yyoh 

11 Fr. ^wss&yw, wh. ^nftC^t l*» 



nl Jytara Ttayra Xa^ieirfi, Horn. 

'Ey-KoiavpoSfini : 1 am cxtr<iv3i;iinlli^ 
domed, like Ceesi/ra, tlie wife of Pi- 
sistratus, or, more probably, of Atc- 

€y-Ko\Ti-jiaSb>: acDali ohacneno. E'r', 

ftiiaat, Aristopli. Vide notHin " 

iy-mfj^oirfiin : 'partly, I lie wilh a 
knot or baiiH ; partly, I put on a 
garment tied wilb knots or bands; 
Btid generally, I put on u garnieiil, 
clothe myself,' Sebl.— Tr)^ roTieiro- 
-ippoaavtiy iy-i:ofi$uiaaedc, NT.j Be 
clothed with ti»mility 

iy-xpar^s : having power over others ; 
over myself, lempentte, contineiil.— 
Fr. tpariu 

ey-ipii, Iho!, h : a cake made of 
mixed malcriah, — Fr. Kpuiu=;«paw,'^ 
1 mix, L. Mar. 

ey-Kuifiiov : praise, encomium. — See 

'Erpiryop^ui : I rouse myself, am 
watchful, walcb. — Fr. cyp^yopa, for 
eT^yopa^^fJ-yopa pm. oftyei'pw, M. 

'Eypo/iaii I raise or rouse myself. 
Coiiip. cye/pofiai and nyelpo/jai. *E- 
yelpbi, iyipa, lypui. Perhaps SypofLai 
is sometimes used like ayelpB/iai 

iyxeXvs : an eel, unguilla. For 
e^EXui fr. ^u, wh, ^x"/""' ladliere. 
1. e., that which adheres tenaciously, 

^yX*"'"/""'?"' • 'I** general signifita- 
lion of warlike, &c. is karnl from the 
context; the particular signilicalion 
of ^wpoi is HO) BD. It is generally tic- 
rived fr. fidpos; either in the sense of 
one who is destined to the use of 
Ihe spear; or, one who bringsDEATii 
by the spear, as in binv-pdpos, 'Ey- 
Xfl-iwpos would become iyxeni-fiufvs 
to serve the purposes of poetry" 

SyX"'' (OT : a spear, — For exit, fr. 
e-)(bi, I hold, L. iioXi^ eyx^" x^C"'*' 
fX"''"!,'^ Horn, 

ey--)(pffilia, aros : that which we 

a Era 

spit at any one. Fr. ui-j^t/iftai pp. of 
XptTTui^XP^'^'j Lai. st'tKi Spp XP^f 

•Era : ego, I 

'Ebui'is : 'fit to be eaten, good 1o 
eal,' Bl.— Fr. Igot, edo 

i&a^oi,€os: ground, pavement, 2a- 
TTOs. — St. arranges it under tbu, and 
ehos, sedes. Afos might be a termi- 
nation, as a\os in Tifia^ot 

ehratfehvaj^thvoi'. marriage prcsculs. 
—For ?5om=g6a,'n," fr. Jii,*' 8. 'l. 
of fii„, wh. ASeui, I please. "ES^.a i. e. 
hujpa, presents by which we endeavaiir 
10 please and lu ingratiate ourselves. 


'Eioj, em ; a seat ; abode ; the leat 
of B statue, and the statue itself. — Fr. 
thov a. 2- of e^ui," 1 sit. Fr. Hot is 
aedeo.zs 'sex' fr. el 

'Ehpa : seat, chair ; persons sealed ; 
silling, rest or delay ; the seat or fun- 
dament — Fr. £8,„ Of ^hoi. H. cath- 
-edra, catk-edral. And fr. iruv-ihpiBf 
the Hebrew sanhedrim seems derived 

"ESiu: cdo. leat 

ifk&iiip : See Ikiofiai 

"££(1),'* fut. Eo-u: 1 seat. 'EiSofiai, 
I seat myself, sil. — See t&ot 

'Eflot, toi: custom, habit; tnaoiier, 
temper, disposition. ^Fr. the same 
root as ^Oos, wh. et/iks, elhicsl 

'EBeipa : the hair.— Fr. iflu, wh. Iftw. 
I. e. done after the custom or fashion. 
• Comtos de more capjllos,' Virg, 

igi\u>: I wish.— For 6i\u 

T^;£«: laccuslom.— Fr.^floi 

"EBi-os, Etii : a Iribe, society, people, 
nation; flock.— For Eflooi fr. fdva 
i. e. living under the same customs 
and institutions, L. Hence Beotley 
derives the heathen, i. e. the geatUei 
or (pagan) nations 

'Eflo* : See before efltipa 

'Kdu: 1 am accustomed. — Seelflot 
before Ifleipa 

El:" if, si. Although, eisi ; ('If 
1 foreknew. Foreknowledge bad ho in- 

13 • K0hn-e-ii>, Bipnificat rtpaSn,. ^,kI, 

me cicilalum colligo, 1 tuusc and colled my- 

paidjgai, a Ki\ov. el fioW. Vel kbto-irikI, ul 


Mpoi.i[&.iid«.,iriviTiW«to<ut3ai»'.B'. kS- 

IS Bl. derives it fr. ^, iiiuvco i mil ei- 

\ativ yvnif. SeJ prior aignificatiu nw^utai- 
Ttpa,' Br. KJAo* cil idem ac «3Am.. Vide K»- 

(.lains it, mobilis. 

16 HuHing long tpearj in thoir bandi. 


IT Sofoa..for4,»., fffffa.'for V5<'. 

11 Slill the p hecdi to be iu:cui.itb'd foi. 

10 Fr. t», M. I Knd do»o*)irds, L. 

L. rtm.e. Il,e -Old &. ^pit (fr. .-yp*,; com- 

20 i\r U. ir,pciaU« ot C, ndtWi'l. «. 

j.«ic: Kyp-imw!) anli Ariip.* (,fr. i i. c. 

|>C[m1l, allow, L. '_^n^H 




fluence on their fault/ Milton :) Whe- 
ther, iitraniy si* Since, because, see* 
ing that/ si-quidem. — Hence Lat. 
set, si 

ETa : eta, eja, come on 

ela/ucri), iafitrrj i a -watered ground, 
meadow. — Fen ; 'participles of eiafiat, 
iafiai, fr. 'iafiis=h&m, I bedew, water. 
' law aocieatly signified, I nourish 
with a liquid heat or vapor,' TH. See 

Xoto ire^ref, Horn. ; and again. At 
{M r' ^ elafitvj iXeos fieyaXoio vifiorro 
€1/30: forXcZ/dm 

EiSaf> : food. — For Hap. ElSap I- 
iowTiPt Horn. 

£1ASl, tlhi^, e(8ff/ic; fnt. ec<ri.», el- 
b^ia: I see; and, applied to the 
mind, I perceive, understand, know. 
£i&>/iai, I seem, appear (as videor fr. 
video) ; I seem or appear like, resem- 
ble. * Ei^tf in the sense of ' see ' oc- 
curs only in the a. 2. In the sense of 
' know' it does not occur in the pre- 
sent,' M. — Fr. elbiht or ibim is Lat. 
visleOf videor. Fr. €^ibu\oy, a resem- 
blance, is idol 

ESf^XoK : See above 
ETei' : let it be ; and, like eJa, come 
on, eia age. * Forccifcrar, elev is more 
used. This elev is also used adverbi- 
ally in the sense of Lat. ' esto,' well, 
be it so ; and appears to have been 
retained in the language of common 
life from the old cle for eii;, with v 
added ; for the sense requires the 
singular,' M. 

€ldap: siraightly, directly. — Comp. 
l^s and eiOifs, * "Idap, eJOap come fr. 
un and eita [a. 1 . p. cdiyv and eidriv], eo, 
1 go ; so iicrap fr. Uto,' R. 

EuOe: fr. ei, si, if. It marks a 
feeling of desire. Oh if, &c. 

EiKw, (w: I am like, resemble. — 
Perhaps fr. clica p. of eihw* whose 
mirfdle ei^fiai is, f am like ; from 
which is €ibwXov, a likeness, image, 
idol. Fr. eUw or iirai is probably the 
tefrmination in ikos: as avbpiKos and 
AvOpvniKov, man-like, manly; &c. 

Etroi:^ I yield, give way, retire; 
obey. — ^*Eic, €{, ex, are fr. [eKw=] eUut, 

1 "Ec is here, praetermitte, pass by this, 

2 L. derives it £r. iictt or t^«, venio, conve- 


3 I. e. cedo -, fr. Ikw or Xk», accedo, L. 

I go away from, G. 

EiVa^oi : I liken, compare ; I con- 
sider as likely or probable, conjecture. 
— Fr. eiKUf. See eUuts 

El-iccwi, ei-ieari, fiei-Kari : twenty. — 
Ei and fiei have given rise to the rt 
in vi-ginii. Kotri appears to have 
given rise to the cesimusm vi^esimns. 
From KOffi is Kotnos, as in iftmi'KMnros, 
(fiftieth) wh. the feast of Pente-eost.* 
Vi'ginti was, probably, originally 
written vi-conti, vi-gonti, fr. the termi- 
nation Korra, which appears in rpca- 
-jfoi^a, iri-ginta, 30 ; &c. 

Ekas, &bos : the nnmber twenty. — 
Fr. eiKotn or eiKatri. See above. The 
termination as appears in bvas, Abos, 
a duad, bcKas, abos, a decade, &c. 

Ekfi: yieldingly,' compliantly; and, 
taken in the sense of excess, too yield- 
ingly and readily, inconsiderately, 
rashly ; in vain. * EUalos, one who 
GIVES WAY to any impulse, rasfa^ 
vain,' J. — Fr. eUu 

EdKus, via, OS : like ; likely, (So 
Sbakspeare, 'If the duke continues 
tiiese favors towards you, you are 
LIKE to be much advanced,'), proba- 
ble, reasonable, fit, just. — For €o^K^os 
pm. of eiKUf ; or a participial fir. ecitrw. 
Fr. ekuts or ahuts is Lat. €BquttS 

EiV^v, 6vos, fi : a likeness, image ; 
imagery. — Fr. eiirw 

eiXairiyri : a banquet, feast. — ^Pro- 
perly, appertaining to an e<Xi7,a crowd 
or multitude ; i. e. elXawivri baU, a 
banquet at which a numerous assem- 
bly are present, L. Some derive it 
fr. etXrf and vivut, I drink; a large 
drinking feast 

EVXw, ecXXb), iXta, eiXiut, elXita, eiX/W* 
elXvbt : I roll round ; roll round with 
chains, bind ; I surround, drive into 
a corner, shut up, hem in.— ^EX«, ei- 
Xw are allied to iiXv, oXv, i&c. See 
fiXd) (before &Xrji) and Air-'tiXiia 

EIXop, aros: a place where we may 
shut ourselves up and be safe.— -Fr. 

EiXeiQvia: Lucina. — For elXevSvla 
fern, of eiXevdufs fr. cXeidia, I come; 
i. e. one who comes to bear help, L. 

4 This feast was celebrated the fiftieth 
day afier the sixteenth of Nisan, which was the 
second day of the feast of the passover. 

5 £^€T^s* d f^KoK&s ^4ilKafV$ Scho). om 




'Rile maturoa apctiro parlua Lcnis 
liilhyia tuere inalrcs,' Hor. 

elXi] : see iXi; 

e'Xq : 8«e t\ji 

eTXgsu : the beat of Uie Bun, heat, 
R.-^ee i\n 

eWi-Kpiviit : p(?rs|)iciiciii9, clear ; 
bright, pure ; sincere, genuine. — Pro- 
perly, that which is looked at by the 
sun's mys, and is found pure. Plul- 
arclt : 'AXX' Iv' ahyat BeSi, tot iroXi! 
aoi l3e\riov ^aveirat. OvicI : 'Luce 
Deas ccelo[|ue Paris spectavit aperlo,' 
R, The idea of looking at any ihing 
attentively in the full light by the euii's 
rays, and diligently examining it, was 
a frequent one. WJien Augustus com- 
plained of the dark hue of some pur* 
pie which he had bought, the seller 
exclaimed, ' Erige alliiis et suspice.' 
Hence Pliny speaks nf 'purpura su- 
speclu rcfulgens,' TH. From uXq (see 
eXif) and spivu 

%'t\ivhiofiai : I whirl round, am gid- 
dy. — Fr, e'lkif&iui, an extended form 
of E(X/w, I roll round 

EiX/siTu : I roll round. — Tt, clkliii 

Ei'A/bi, eiXXut: see before cTXap 

EiXvS^of, ciXuut : a den. — A place 
where a serpent coils, J. From el- 
XuBi. See elXap 

EiXvtpau: I whirl round. — Fr. ei- 

Ei'Auu : see before eTXnp 

EiXu : see before eTXap 

EiXurei, uf : ' llie inhabitants of 
Heios Bubjugaled by the Lacedieniu- 
nians; hence the Helots came to sig- 
nify the most degraded slaves," J. 
' Fr. fiKu, I lieui in, surround, take 
prisoner,' L. 

El/io, aTot: a garment. — Fr. t'/iai 
pp. o( etw^iai, 1 put on 

€lftapfiivji : destiny, — Fr. t'l/iapfiai 
pp. of fifipu; the destined (lot). 'In 
verbs beginning with X and fi, the 
lonians, Attics, and others are accus- 
tomed to put El for Xe and /le ; fiXt/ijia, 
ci\ii)(a, ftiiapfiai,' M. 

EiMI: See eui 

El*' ; for iy, m 

thoTeip, or-rijp: the wife of a lius- 

6 E. »y5 that 'Hie Attics wiolc tfpyu for 
KoXta, lu is shown hy lai-t7pitv ; nnd ilpryta 
fur iKiAiiu, )Q ii shown by saS-fipity.' They 
snid, i,T-iipyai, abigo, and Hor-ctpyu, sithigo ; 
so Uiat the (l»luis(ion pointed out by E. op- 

,0 EIN 

band's brother. Such were Andro- 
mache anil Helen, Dm. — 'A/i^i hi fur 
yak&if re icni clvarfptt fiXii Ivray, 

tlria '. nine. See ciaros 

eiv-^iat. 'This word occurs no 
where else. R. conjectures oj-cr^or. 
At the least it should be written cfvn- 
-irat or rather cifa-crJ£tii,'BI. on CbI- 

Eipu, ^pu : I weave logelLer, con- 
nect, bind together; biiid. — Fr. Ipu 
are Lat. lero, Kriea. Hence cipui', (one 
who weaves words together with art, 
a dissembler) wh. ironi/, ironical 

Eipw, Ipui : I talk, speak. — Fr. fpw 
are Lat. stro, aermo, dtsiero. ' Muila 
inter sesc vario sermone ierebant,' Virg, 
From cpu are (piia, piu, pp. l^ipat 
wh. rhetor, a rhetorician 

€\pa-fiayy>}s : a magical deceiver, — 
' Fr. tlpa and fxayyarov or ftayyar€uia. 
The last is used of dealhig out magic 
or other deceptions. Elpa [see eip^o] 
is, an assembly or meeting. Hence 
flpa-iiayyris would be, a magical de- 
ceiver of assembled multitudes. But, 
as E. informs us that eipa is also used 
of prophecyings, elpa-^nyyiji may be 
better taken for one who makes a 
great noise about bis ptophecyings 
and deceives the world by them,* 
Gesner. Or it may be derived fr. tipu, 
aad liayyavov ; i. e. a weaver or con- 
triver of magical deceptions. See eipwi- 

t'lpai^iiirqs '. applied to Bacchus as 
sown or bound up in the thigh of Ju- 
jiiter. — Perhaps fr. t'tpai, as EiXk^ain 
fr. t'lkii), EipafiuTfji' Mijpy iy-tiar- 
■ipajm. Orpheus 

Eipyu, fipyoi,'' epyu,' tpcw : I drive 

off; inclose, coop up.* — With Epru 
or t'pcu compare itpKiu 

Eipea: a place where men speak, 
an assembly or meeting. — Fr. eipw 

Eipepoi: boadage.~~Fr. eVpu, I bind 

eipeffi'a; rowing. — For ipeaia. See 

elptinwyt} : an olive branch bound 
with WOOL, and crowned with fruits, 
to signify that scarcity had ceased. — 

pears light,' BI. 

7 'Epyai i» ft. Ijw, lero, I conned, na ifKia 
fr. Ep», L. 'Ep7u or IWu ninj flovr frum fyxa 
p. of ijwj ai Apmifw fr. S/wh p. of Ufa. 


EifMfv, 4pfi$ I ' one wbo can now 
speak. [or speak in a public assembly : 
see eipia] ; fr. ei^. Those were 
called elpeves by tbe LacedaBmnniaof, 
who had just passed the second year 
beyond childhood/ St. 

Eiprjvii : harmony> concord, peace. 
— Fr. cifNtfy I bind together : I. e. the 
bond of society 

EUpiov : See elpos 

^pfws : serieSf connexion. — Fr. 
flp/uu pp. of eipwssecfMtf 

EJpos, €0Sp ^pos, COS, eipioy, epiovl 
wool.-rFr. e^ptf and ipfa. That which 
may be fvoven. Ef/oia veUere x^P^'^^9* 

E^ : see after elverias 

Ecpwi' : one who dissemble8.-*-Par- 
f iciple of ctfiM. Hence tVoii^. Seeeipw 
after elverias 

ESs : one. — Formerly ^vs, whence 
gen. iwos (wh. Lat. unus) ; as ktcU, 
whose genitive is ktcvos, was kTivs» 
With els T. compares ace, Fr. as. Germ. 
f9S. From ^v, the neuter of els, is 
vtfhiy, kifpk'Cn, that which brings two 
words VNDBR ONB. T. compares 
one with %v. Germ, ein. Sax. aen 

EXL and k$ : into, to, unto. ' Va< 
rious verbs, which of themselves do 
not imply motion, receive this sense 
by tbe construction with cU. Thus : 
I self tU a place, agrees with the £ng«- 
lish, I sell into a place. To be pre- 
sent 619 "Zaphts, to appear eU T\poK6vvn^ 
(ror, is, to come to Sardis, to come to 
Proconoesus. In the verbs, * to say, 
to show/ the reference or direction to 
the persons to whom any thing is said, 
is sometimes considered as analogous 
to ao actual motion, and this analo- 
gy expressed by els : I'hey exhibited 
paaay gpreat actions eis, to or before, all 
men. Henceecs stands in this sense with 
substantives and adjectives : Famous 
elf, before, among, the Greeks. Hence 
it frequently signifies, with respect to, 
quod attinet ad ; a general reference, 
which in English is often expressed by, 
on account of, in consequence of. 
Thus^ To ridicule one about (eU) any 

81 EDC 

thing; To praise one for (eis) any 
thing; To be the first in (els) every 
thing ; I am happy in all respects ex- 
cept in regard to (els) my daughters. 
[The blood shed eis, unto, to the end 
or purpose of, on account of, the re- 
mission of sins.] With definitions of 
time, it signifies, until : Unto, till (is) 
this, i. e. hitherto. Unto (is) which, 
i. e. until. They went unto (e^) so 
far, i. e. to such an extent. Hence, 
in definitions. of time it is used in tbe 
sense of, towards : Eis ionipav, ad 
vesperam, towards evening; and is 
joined with adverbs of time: For (eis) 
ever. With numerals it sometimes 
signifies, about : They took all the 
ships es, [unto, as far as,] about, 200» 
Sometimes it makes them distributive ; 
as eis buo, bini. The genitive is fre- 
quently omitted in such cases as : He 
sent him to (the house oO a master 
[as in Lat. * Ubi ad Dianae veneris,' 
i. Ck templum,],' M. ' Els rpls, unto, 
to the third time, i. e. not less than 
twice or thrice. So, Not less than (els) 
once,'^ Hm. — *Ev, eiv are, in ; h, els, 
into. 'Ev and is, says G., are the 
same ; the Cretans said iv xopoy for is 
X^poyf in chorum, into theassembly. Fr. 
els is iiT'eitr-obtoy,^^ an episode. From 
es is ifftif, iutus, within ; wh. iaiirepos, 
inward, and the esot eric, ^^ opposed to 
the ' exoteric ' philosophy 

EiiT'lOfjiri: an entrance. — Fr. idiyv a. 
1 . p. of ](m, eo, I go ; or for eiff'iafiii, (las 
bvOfxvl for bvff/irl) fr. ctrw fut. of cw 

Eia-mjpia : sacrifices on the en- 
trance of a new year, or on the en- 
trance of tbe senators on their office. 
— Fr. iVac pp. of i«, eo, wh. iter, 
itum, &c. 

*EtaKu: for €iffir4ii=ccica) 

iiffos: equal, like. Applied to a 
feast, as being equally divided, or as 
being equal to one's desires, adequate. 
To a shield and to a ship, as being 
equally made on either side. To the 
mind, as being moderate, exact^ and 
always like itself. — For laos 

Vic-TTviyXos : a lover. — Eia-irviwy 

8 Card the wool with your hands. 11 The exoteric (fr. I^w, extra) was the phit 

9 Eif 4iro|, eM-jra^ losophy, which was openly and publicly pro- 

10 Fr. Ms, a way ; tHar-oBoSf a way into, a fessed ; the esoteric was the secret pliilosophy, 
coming in ; hr-eiff'^s, a coming in over or confined to a small number of chosen disciples, 
heyond the purpose or subject. 


EIS 8 

r^ Ipbirt Toy tpaariiv. Dm. 
Wiaii), iffiii : within, Sec eU 
eFra;" then, after that, and so; in 
consequence of that, Iherefore.— "Ev- 
6oveor' Eiiptirlhrit : Ouk ir&oy, i*&ov 
iiOTiv, Fi yvbifijfy Sx^a. Tiuis erboy, elr' 
ouicli'Sai'; Aristoph. Hence Lat. iia, 

Elu,, fut. tUu : for ?«, eo, I go 

— rlbi. See hpaacitt 

'EK,'^ 'E£ : EX. from, oul of. ' It 
serves to show a choice out of several 
objects ; (as. To choose the stroDgesl 
M, out of, the citizens ;) or to show 
a whole, consisling of several parts 
(as. You will lind that those wlio are 
iu great reputation and renown are 
(ix) of the number of those who are 
the most learned). But it frequently 
expresses, like aire, a removal from, 
and generally a removal from the in- 
side of, a place or thing. Hence ex 
or e£ is sometimes put for l£iu, extra, 
without The idea of a distance is 
contained also in. The wall ek rou 
laOfioi), i. e, the wall from thence to 
the ialiinius, [or, from the islhinus to 
that place] as ' a Sequsnis,' Cnisar B. 
G. 1, 1. Hence it expresses generally 
ibe relation of two things, by which 
it appears that one proceeded from 
the other ; and thus a derivation also, 
an origin, a beginning, just the same 
as &w6. Hence the phrases. Suspend- 
ed to(^K) the girdles; and. To hang 
up by (ek) the foot. !t is used, there- 
fore, to express an immediate conse- 
S|ueoce, the production of one thing 
rom another ; as. To laugh afler (ci.) 
tears. To fight after (_ck) peace, To be 
from [ei) the sacrifice,'* i, e. to hare 
done the sacrifice. So iitto is used. 
Again, it is put, like dira, with words 
which import an affection of the Hiiod, 
an internal oreiilerual impulse : With 
(It) all the mind ; and hence, like airu, 
with an adverb. From unexpected,'' 
i. e. Unexpectedly; &c. Hence it 
may often, like uird, he translated, b^. 

2 EK 

on account of, through, in consc' 
qucnceof : In consequence of (^n) the 
sight of the dream, &c. Thus also 
(K, like aw6, stands for, by, in sueh 
cases as. The things said E^'AXefav- 
bpav, by Alexander ;'* The fortifica- 
tions f£ 'EWi/yaiv, built by the Hel- 
lenes. Henee, The deeds in men," 
i. e. which can only be done by man, 
i. e. great, extraordinary deeds," M. 

eicTpiTuv: the third: Or, one out 
of three, Js ix Tpiruv. We night 
have expected «k rptuy 

'Ecat : far, at a distance ; from 
afar, — Vr, isu, which compare with 
eK, from, at a distance from. 'Ekue, 
knas lore, jii(iriKm, ' PiOCul, o procul 
esle, profaui,' Virg. 

'Eta-Epyoi : repelling afar, keeping 
olf at a distance. — Fr. etiii aud tpym, 

'EKauTos: each. — Fr, Ivai, at a dig- 
lance, separatedly, separately : I, e. 
one taken separately from another, 
not all together but each separately, 
each by himself. See Eikw, 1 retire 

'Etrdrcpos:'" As txaaros is each out 
of many, so iK^repoi is each of two, 
both the one and the other: * Many 
fell G*.-nr^itf0E)',' on each side. Also, 
either the one or the other: 'The 
rest of Greece sided irphs etaripoi/t,' 
with either the Athenians or the La- 

'Evtiiv, ovTot : willing, of one's own 
will, voluntary. — Fr. ftu,'" 1 come. 
I. e. coming, coming readily and wil- 
lingly; as in the Psalms, ' Then said 
I : Lo, I COME ; I delight to do 
thy will.' ' Feroeissimus quisqneju- 
vcnnm cum armis voluntahids 
ADBST,'Livy. From ixiiy is &'iicuy, 
/iKaiy, unwilling. Oure exuiv ovre Sauy, 
Plato. 'EuoiMTa kovk axovaa, Eurip. 

'Euan and fKijri 1 at (he will of, it 
being the will of; fur the pleasure or 
sake of, gratift ; on account of; on 
the particular account of, as far as par- 
ticularly regards. — Fr. c«<d, wh. exiir 

la Fr. efnu pp. nf l[u, n.itto, prsmitlo, prw- 
tetniillo. I. e„ these Ihinga being passed over 
ind conceited ; or, being premised, S. 

13 Sec iTku, I rct'iie. 

14 rtriaeoi ix Bualas. Ileroi. 

tfi 'E| ivpodioirffrgu. So nJso, ix rpomstSr- 
'wr, iK TuB tiiptiropi, 4k tuv tmaluy. 

16 'EJmaj be bIm translated bj, per. Know 
or learn, this ti 4nia, from me; icito per me, 

n lit i^ Mpiiimy irpiynara, 
IS Jt.lKis; orU.iKistrtpos. 
10 Pcrliapi fiDUi fw, I scud j i. o, 1 send 

£KA 8S 

' *EacaTw: a hundred. — Fr« ^cof, 
afar off. L e. a remote number, L» 
Hence iKarSfi-firi,^ a hecatomb, Crete 
was called Hecatam-poUs, from its 
hundred cities ; and Thebes in Egypt 
Hecatom-pylus,^ from its hundred 

"Ekotos : Apollo. — Fr. €k&s. From 
his FAR darting 

"Eic^ieta : a wanting, failing ; failing 
in doing a required action. — Fr. de/(a= 
£^ii», I want 

'EK-bicUnitns : a change of mode of 
living ; iK^btahrfvu t&v warpiuy, a de- 
reliction (rerum patemarum) of the 
discipline of our forefathers. — Fr. 

*£kc<: there. — Fr. the same root as 
€KaSf L. At jTonder place^ at that dis- 
tance off 

'Excivos : that man yonder, that man 
there, ille, — Fr; iicei 

cfce-x€</o/a : a holding of the band, 
applied to a truce or cessation from 
fighting. — For €xc-x**P^** 

"ExfiXosi quiet, peaceful. — Fr. Iirw, 
wh. ^iriiiy, willing, Bl. From l«ai, I 
come, I come readily aud willingly, 
without making any opposition, L. 
From ^ic<tf=se£i:fa, I yield, give way, 

"Effifrc : See ^i:arc 

lic-Oa/LcW^oi : I tear up by the roots.--r 
Fr. d&fivos ; which occurs however 
elsewhere in the sense of, a thick 
branch or thicket. But d&fia as much 
allows us to interpret da/xvos of thick 
loots as thick branches^ 

iKi^e: he cut off. — For iKtae, as 
iK&Otffi for IjcdOcffc, Mt. "EKicre is a. 1. 
of kIS6*, which was probably the same 
as x^^<*>^ and ffx/^w,'^ I cut off. From 
axl&ia or a\ivhm is Lat. sdndo, scissum, 
wh. scissors. 'OWSw is used by The- 
ocritus : Tls rpix«« ^v^* kplwv kir-odiia' 
ro\'^ Who has ever sheared hair in< 
stead of wool ? 

€K-KaK€iD : I am timid, indolent, or 
languid, I faint or am weary. — Fr. Ka- 

20 From fiovsj bos, an ox. I. e. the sacri- 
fice of a hundred cattle. 

1 From wi\ri, a gate. 

2 Cato ascribes to the olive * ramosas radi- 
ces/ branching roots. 

3 So Kd^w is thought by M. to be an Ionic 

form of x^f^' 

4 Sx^^<^ i> &^^ '^^ ^^^ explanation of this 
word Kliw, See Maittaire'3 PialectS; p. 216. 


Kos^ timid, slothful 

'EKovtnos : willing. — ^Fr. hcovira fem* 
of iicitv 

ix-irayXos : striking, marvellous^ 
stupendous. — For iic-irXayos fr. ^Xa- 
yey a. 2. of ?r\//yii», 1 strike 

Ifc-irar/ois AXyeat in ^sch. is trans- 
lated by Symmons, by mournings 
out of the paths, mournings in deep 
untrodden glades. So Homer: "Ok 
OvfjLoy Kar-ibwy, varov itvOputjrwy aXeei« 

€K*Toi€i : it does, it suffices (which 
is fr. ' facio'). It is in my power to 
do, it is permitted me to do. 'Ekwouip 

H^ X**P'5«<^«*»^ Polyb. — An imper- 
sonal, fr. irot^nf 

"iLK'crraou : standing from its right 
position ; alienation of mind, wonder* 
ment, ecstasy. — Fr. Itaraaai pp. of 
araut, arSt ; wh. sio 

hc^diriy : extendedly, at full lenglh.^ 
— Fr. rirarai pp. of rd«. See iLv^riy 

iK'Tpiafia, aros I an abortion. — Fjr. 
Terpw/xai pp. of rpou, 'Ex'Tpout^ I 
bruise, injure, cause to miscarry 

lcrtti/» : an expeller, driver away. — >. 
Fr. iicrai pp. of ix^* ^ ^^^P ^^ 

*EKvp6s : a father in law. — Hence 
Lat. socer, soceri, Fr. eicvpa, a mo- 
ther in law, is the Hecyra^ of Terence 

iK'<l>aTos: inexpressible. — Fr. etc, and 
ni<l>aTat pp. of fdu, I speak. '£ic is 
here a negative prefix, as ex in LaU 
* ex-animis' 

'EKdty : see before ^«ari 

*£\aa, eXala : the olive tree ; fruit 
of the olive. — H. olea,oliva. SolXacov, 
oleumf oil of olive 

"EKmoy : See above 

* *E\aads : some bird 

'EXdoi, eXa^a>, iXavyial I compel» 
drive into a corner ; drive, generally ; 
drive, impel; persecute; stimulate; 
drive up or raise a wall ; drive a ditch ; 
drive with oars, row ; drive a horse 
or chariot, ride ; drive with a ham- 
mer, beat out, malleate ; drive myself^ 
move on, progress ; drive away, repel, 

5 It is explained Ixcipc by the Scholiast. . 

6 Consuming his mind, avoiding the path 
of men. 

7 He said it was in his power to grant him 

8 ' For many things are transacted in it 
through the step-mothers Myrrhina and Sos-> 
trata,' Fac. 



expei. — See Air-fiKia. Fr. IXamat pp. 
uf iXaibt n rlailie, elasticitj/' 

'Ekae/ia, aros : a plale, Inmina. — 
Fr. fXaofiai pp. of iXaiu. TIlBt wllich 
ia beaten out 

eXiirij :'° a palm or fir ; a spear or 
[le of il. — 'E,ii-i,iaTris 

I U6yT 


i\aTTip,Jipos,i: a kind of wide cake, 
serving as a plalter in which lliey put 
pottage and brought it to iLe siltars. — 
Fr. cKarai pp. of iXaai; from it:i be- 
ing beaten out by the hands into n 
wide apace (vapa to rdit -f^epaii/ cXav- 
vcaOa, tU wX&TDs), Suiri, 'H rnpyoXd- 
ipa a' EceXeue rouroi/i ^ayeiv'EKaT fj- 

Xuit, "■ Aristopb. He plays, sajs 
Br., oa the similar words iXarFjp, 

'EKarfiptos: purgative, cathartic. — 
Fr. ikarai pp. of i\i,a, 1 drive, rout 

'EXa^Di: a slag, hart.—' Fr. IXafa 
p. of charrw^^iAaiii, I drive, ago ; eXa- 
fot, agilis. A stag is so called from 
its agility,' L. 'EKaifpiis, nimble, light, 
is put for iXa^ijpiis, i. e. light as a sla« ; 
or is formed like IXa^ot. "EXa^oi eXa- 
fpot, a nimble stag 

'EXo^pui : See above 

iXax^i:" minute, little, small. — 
*0 TTiirrot if EXa^fory ko! iy iroXXy 
niOTus tore kbi n i-SiKos iv eXa^drTji 
mi fw jToXXf &-iix6s iari.'* NT. 

iXaaaiay and -TTiayz mure little, 
less. — Comparative of eXaj^iJi. See 

iXaTTov/iai : I am less or inferior, 
I am inferior in bailie, am couqirer- 
cd." ' Minor in certamine longo 
Jmploravit opes hominis,' Hor. — Fr. 
eXuTTuy. See above 

l\io/iat, iiXbofiai I I wish, — Fr. fX- 

9 A force in bociies. by wliich tLey rejiel 
tlie Cierlioii miicle bj an ei lemsl force lo dtiie 

m from tbeic naliintl slste. 

10 Fr. Ihairtu pp. of Adv, 1 drire, paab. 
Hence iXdnj is a branch or tree ; and special- 
ly a flr or iliODiiag of pRlm, L. 

11 Benling the atawilh well-polished carEi. 
18 Goi^onii capile et criilfLiiisignis Daa le 

comedere Jabel de liic plsccolfk in longum 
BUCTA, nt renium nuciiius et nariBeniu* com- 
modf : Br. 

13 Fr. feoxo p. of iKiaaa fr. ikJo} 

81 EAE 

)p. i<Mi^slXiii, wh. Lot. velittt. The notion 
of seizing, expressed by l\u, is tranS' 

— ferred lo the will: I seize with my 
will, desire.'^ Hence UXiap, a wish ; 

TiiSe fiDi Kpf/iji'oy''' iiXbaip, lioilt. 

"EXens: some bird 

"EXeyos: a lamentation; an eltgy 

ik-i:y)(ui : ' E. has shown the true 
derivation of ibis word ; fr. cXctv £y- 
j[oi. 'EX-iy)(os, H seizing of h spear 
for the sake of determining a dispute, 
was the same as Ihe 'Judicium daelli' 
among the Teutonic nations; and 
hence it signified any trial. By an 
easy transition it passed to, nn ar- 
gument, reprehension, exposure \ 
and i\iy)(e.iv was, to prove, lo dis- 
prove, lo convince, to reprove,' BL " 
Hence the logical sophism, 'ignoratio 

'EKEiiitvat. This word, sayi Bl., 
is corrupt 

"EXeXtv, eXcXeXeu: a shoul either 
of joy or sorrow 

'EXeX^f III : I cry eXeXcu, 1 slioul, Rs 
aXaXafw, I cry nXnXd 

iXeXlaiTia, £u : 1 roll or wind or drive 
round, turn round, shake. — For ehlaau 

'EXeot,"' (iw and «o( : pily, compas- 
sion. — Hence cXe^ui, I pity. Fr. pp. 
iXirjftai is iX^rjfioniyt), wli. o/ma BUd 
ehemesynary. ' Alma came by suc- 
cessive corruptions of iX^fxoavrff \ 
having successively exhibited ilself as 
almosine, almosie, ttlmose, and finally 
alms,' HT." 

iXsvti' a kitchen table or tray. — 
'EXei. IXtDs oit (jltw.'," Prov. 

IXeiKaofioi, a corrujit reading for 
eX-Xf tjroff^oE : a deficiency, arrear. — 
Fr. XeXtliratTpat pp. of Xti^raSai, an 
extended form of Xei'ttui 

16 Comp. Vf^^uiifr. %iTaar. 
\6 Comp. the semes of \c£ai. 
11 For KpTii'Dti a. 1. of KpaJpoi 

qutting iti 

19 A HophisTD Briiing from Ignoianire of the 
tnip point of enquiry. 

SO Fr. Ihiti, I move round Tehemenlly, is 
lfXcoE,acommDtionof mindon^ag from pity, 1m 

21 While in (he French language, liu add», 
it appeared bb atmotnu, almosne, autnamt, 

I Ab iXia,, a mota verulili, L. 

S A kilclica tabic bnone no pity. -^^ 




iKemrfhi. The meaning of this 
vrord is uAoertaiD, but it is commonly 
translfttedy marshy places, as if fr. 
fAof, iKeos, a marsh. Il(aed re irpo* 
'Xiirift^Kal iXicwibai, A p. Rh. 

'£\f vd»,3 eXvd<tf, adtf ; flit. iXevim 
and iXvsm: I come. — Fr. pp. ijXvrai 
is Tpoo'iliXvros, wb. proselyte.^ Also, 
see £i\e/0iMa 

'EXcvdepot:' free. — Hence cXcvfle- 
p^, I free, ^d leaihti '^EXXiivwf tre, 
^£Xev9epovre irarplb*, eXevOepovre bk 
Ilaldaf, Tifvcuficaff,^ i£sch. Hence, Jupi- 
ter JSemiherius, the assertor of liberty 

*EKtfa(pm : I deal lightly with, treat 
in alight manner, disappoint, deceive. 
— ¥r. lXc^4 which L. compares with 
eXaipp^f light. So Herod, has ^v IXa* 
^pf ftvieifl^iy to make light of 

*EX4fas, arros : an elegant ; ivory, 
as proceeding from it 

"EXiit eiXi|: heat proceeding from 
the sun, ^Xif r/Xiov. ' There can be 
no doubt that tlie ancients used i^Xi^ 
(wh. IjXiot) for ^Xi|,' R. 

'EKlffatt, £«, and iXiu : I roll, whirl, 
wrap, or tnm round. — Extended forms 
of KXw. See ux-^iXikf 

•EX/y5iyv : in a whirl. — Fr. ^Xiktoi 
pp. of iXiinrut, See liyibriv 

iXJKri : the great bear, from its curl- 
ing tail or from its windinj; in a circle, 
J. — Fr. ^iica p. ofiXfw^^iXtaffw. Tijv 
fiku Kvvda-ovpap hri-icXriffiv xaXiovoi, 
Ti^y 8* h-ipriv eXUriv,^ Aratus 

'EXir-wif^: * which turns the eyes 
of all to it on account of its excellence 
or grace; The ancients explode no 
explanation of this word more than 
that of, black-eyed,' Dm. It may 
mean, having large rolling eyes. — Fr. 
iXiua (p. of eX{w=eXiff(rtif) aud &\p, 
'EXlKtixas 'A)(aiovs, Horn. 

'EXiyvti and -vpvu : I loiter, pause, 
am idle, delay. — An extended form of 
IX/ftf, I roll about, L. Or, I roll round. 
^ Perhaps taken from the generality 
of animals, which, when they desire 

to rest, form themselves into a carve,* 

• iXivos : a tendril or branch. — Fr. 
iXliit, from its curling, winding, or en- 
twining. 'OTTMpijv €K }l/idiris iXhoto 
QXlfiovvtf Nicand. 

'EXiaav : See before iXlybrir 

'EM-ypv^os: helichryse, mari-gold, 
famed for its golden-colored berries. — 
Partly fr. 'xpvtr6$ 

"EXkos^* €os : a wound, an ulcere ui" 

"EXKta, £(tf ; and iXxiti, iXicvm, IXkw^ 
araSt*'. I draw, drag, haul; I draw 
down the scale, weigh, like &yi#. — Fr. 
pm. ^Xra is oXx6s (wh. some derive 
Lat. sm/chs'), a track, trench made by 
a plough DRAWN longways. Hence 
^rem-ulau,^^ a tow*barge; and the 
figure in grammar, par-^lcon** 

'EXX^/£pos: hellebore 

*£XXas : i. e. yfj, the land of the 
Hellenes or of Hellen, the son of Deu- 
calion ; Hellas, Greece. * Hellenes of 
past ages. Oh start again to life,' 

*EXXebavos : a sheaf-band. — Fr. ^X* 
Xw, I roll round. See dx-ecXIi^. Aat^i 
is a termination, as fr. piyi%0 is ^lyeSa- 

'EXXiyi'/^ftf : I use the Greek lan- 
guage* — See 'EXXaf 

iXXbs or iXXos : a young hind or 
fawn. — Kvutv IXev ^XXov, A dog seized 
a fawn. Bpvov fikv ^XXor, dXX* oW 
kXXi^opo¥ ibei, Prov. 

eXXos and IXX-oi// : having the voice 
shut up or tied« Tovs IxOut eXX'Owasp 
oloy eXXo fi ivviy rtjy oira Ktti icar* 
"Ctpyofiivriv i^oyras. Pint. Horace 
has ' mutis ptscibus.' "EXXoyj/ or iXo^ 
is used also of a particular kind of 
fish: ' Et pretiosus elops nostris in- 
cognitus undis,' Ovid. And of a ser- 
pent: ' Cerastes horn'd, hydrus, and 
eliops dread,* Milton. See IXXm in 

"EXXtif : see uir-eiX^ui 

3 Fr. i\€^=:i\4ci>, I move about, L. Com- 
pare ixMtpos, 

4 llie Jews originally gave this name to 
fuch Pagans as came over to Judaism. 

5 Fr. i\€^v, I come or go where I please. 

6 O sons of the Hellenes, go, free your 
country, free your children and wives. 

7 They call the one bear cynosura, and the 
othei bebce. 

8 Fr. ^\Kv, I draw ; so as (o mean nearly 
the same as Lat. tulcus: 'A tbademoo in 
longum,' L. * Quia coniinuum est distrac- 
tum/ Dm. 

9 See &\o^: 

10 Fr. pvpiJbs, a pole, and IXxv. 

1 1 Which attracts syllables to the end of 
words ', as < dum' to ' ades' in * adesdum / &c^ 




''EKfiiPs, vOos, 6 : a worm.— Fr. IX- 
fiac pp. of i\bf, I roll, wind round. 
See &\w before &\ri. Hence anth-d' 
mintic, preservative against worms 

"EAof,*^ €os : a niarsb, bog. — Fr. 
l^\(a=&\to and Lat. halo ; from its ex- 
halations, S. On Velia, a city of 
Lucania, Fac. observes : ' Geliius de- 
duces it fr. tbe IXi? or marshes with 
which it is surrounded. It was there- 
fore originally lielia, received the 
digamma, and became Felia, * Quae 
sit hyeais Felia,* Hor/ 

'EXxts, ibos, ^: liope or expecta- 
tion ; fear. — Perhaps for €\k)s, as bi- 
Tras for bixas, * lupus* fr. \vkos. * Fr. 
^Xirw. That is, a slow protraction 
of hope.'^ Homer says that Penelope 
(iXwei) draws the suitors on. She 
gives them hopes, but intends some- 
thing very different. Hence it ap- 
pears why iXftls is also used for, fear. 
The ancients used by the protraction 
of time to express as well slow fear as 
slow hope/ S. 

"EKtrat, From iWw comes the 
Homeric iXaat, to crowd together, to 
drive together, M. See aw-eiXiut 

eXvfia, aros : the tail or handle of a 
plough, so called as serving to turn it 
round ; also, a wrapper. — Fr. eXvfjLai 
pp. of iXviMf, I roll or turn round. 
Apvos ^Xvfia, irpivov hk yvriv, Hesiod 

fEXiz/ios: the plant pannic 

iXvTpov : a wrapper or cover. See 
IXv/ua. Also, a receptacle or channel 
of waters. Kar-vwepde bk woXXf Bo/3i;- 
Xuivos &pvffa€ eXvTpoy Xifivrj,^^ Herod. 
Ta iXvTpa vbarwv. Id, 

'EXvto : the same as elXvw, See be- 
fore elXaf) 

''EXoi : see &Xw and air-eiX^io 

"EXw: I take, seize; ravage, de- 
stroy. 1 take .one thing in pre- 
ference to another, . choose. — ^- 
schylus gives Helen the epithet of 
eXivavs, Salmasius observes on this 
that ^schylus interprets 'EX^vai^ to 
mean eXevavv, because she destroyed 
the ships of the Greeks. *EXwv x^P* 

13 See the note on &A.^a. 

14 As ' spes,' S. adds, comes fr. <nr^= 

15 But much above Babylon he built a re- 
ceptacle for a lake. 

16 As tfippifws is put for tfipifMS, so L. dc- 
rives ifiirdibficu fr. iirAfofiai, ft. iirofMu or ihrta. 
* JPr, an ajzcientrabstcintivc %ikko. 1 think flowed 

Xeipa yiporros, Ap. Rh., Takiog by 
his hand the old man*s hand 

"EXbip: a capture or prey, — Fr. 

*Efx-avrov: of myself. — Tift for ifti, 

•E/u-/3a5es: a kind of shoes. — Fr. 
Ei^and fia(o; i. e. things in which I go 
or support myself. See fiablSta 

*E/i-/3oX^ : a striking or impinging 
on any thing. — Fr. fiipoXa pm. of 

c/i-/3oX]7. Tajas Tyv arparlap c{ ejtf* 
'poXfjs Tov vorafioVf rg is tyiv w6\iy iv' 
•(idXXei, Kai owitrde avns Tfjs wdXtos ra- 
{a« er^povs, rn e^-Ui ex rfja noXiOi 6 «(J^ 
rafios, Herod. Translated by Sckw. : 
* Uni verso exercitu circa flu men dis- 
posito, ab e^ maxim^ parte qu^ urbem 
influit, partim ver6 etiam a tergo ubi 
ex urbc egreditur' 

'Efji'(i6Xtfios : thrown in^ added^ in- 
jectitius ; applied to an intercalary 
month. — Fr. fiiftoXapm. of fiiXm 

"E/i-jSoXov: that part of a prow by 
which an e/u/3oXi^ is made, the beak ; 
a promontory projecting like a beak 

"E/uerai, ^fiey I to be. — Infinitive of 
efjLt^=€bt, I am 

*Efi^vi) : I vomit. — Fr.. pp. ^fierai is 

ifjifjiaviojs : immediately. — Suppos- 
ed to be put for afxa'cvews, together 
with the word, no sooner said than 

ifjLfiOTos: inserted and adhering 
like lint. — See a-fioros 

*EMOT, fjLov ; dat. ifjtoi, fiot ; ace. 
e/ie» fi€ : of me, to me, me 

'E/ios : mine. — Fr. efiov 
. ^fiira : See i/nvas 

€/i-7ra^o/iai : I take care of; have 
a care or regard for. — Fr. iv and 
iraSw fr. iraw, Dm. See iraw*^ 

ifi'iraios rv)^!?: a fortune which 
strikes upon us by chauce, fortuitous. 
— Fr. Tra/o) 

^fi'TTaios KaKwy,^''&c. : very conver- 
sant with misfortunes, having much 
experience of them. — Dm. compares 

4fjard{oficu, and perhaps flfiiras, sedulously* en- 
tirely,' Bl. 

17 < In Od. <p. 400. Koucwy l/ixoios seems to 
Signify one, ivho iraierau virb KCMQy, But, to 
say the truth, I think it here came fir. ao ol4 
substantive Hforu} wb. ifonipfiuu, I bftf^ * 
care for,' Bl. 




cv-rpi/S^s (fr. rpifiti) which ie Bsed in 
the same sense of heuig conversaDt 
with ; and derives ^fiiraios under the 
s^me metaphor fr. iraiu, I beat . or 
strike. So in Engl. ' well stricken 
in years^' which T. says he cannot well 
account for 

l/Lft-xo{, aKos : a curator, who at- 
tends to, give his care to any thing. 
— Fr, xinaKa p. of vdw. See e^xa- 

"EfjL'TraSf 'TTfis^ 'Trav, -ira : yet, ne- 
vertheless. — Fr. ey wdfft, &c. For all 
that: 'Yon have injured me, but 
lEfiwas, for ALL that, I pity you.* Or, 
but taking all things together, but 
under all circumstances, but on the 
whole, but at all events, however, in 
spite of all, although. So Herodotus 

uses wayrus 


£/ixas. Sec. are generally supposed 
sometimes to mean, altogether, en- 
tirely. But Hn). seems to reject this 
interpretation. In Od. T. 37, he ob- 
serves that ifAirns is obscure, but seems 
to be used as a word of surprise or 
hesitation. This use, he says, seems 
to be derived from this, that he, who 
hesitates, first doubts whether a thing 
is so or not; and then, if the second 
conjecture he makes seems prefera- 
ble, he says. Yet so it is, i. e. although 
1 bad not thought it so at first 

^fi'vebosi on the ground, firm. — 
Fr. rriboy 

efi'itipafios I skilled, versed in. — 
The same as ifi-Treipafjios fr. nelpa 

"Etfiirvis : See efxvas 
. ifirrUp ibos, // : a gnat. — ^E/jlvU efi' 
'wivei TO^ ai/jtaros 

ifi-vXtlv : near. Fr. w\d<a for xe- 

'Efi'irobwv: in (the way) of the 
feet, before us. It often refers to an 
impediment, which is before us. The 
things which are efivohiifv, i. e. are be* 
fore us, or most immediately concern 
us. — Fr. irovs, irobos, pes, pedis, Comp. 
Lat. im-pedio, im-pedtmentum 

l/i«iroXdw : I traffic, sell, buy. — 
See wwXiiMt 

ifi'fropos : one who passes into fo- 
reign countries in pursuit of merchan- 
dise, a merchant, one who traffics. — 
See icdpw, wopos, and xepvdia. Hence 

eaqforium, a place for traffic 

"EfAvovaa I -a spectre. — Qenerally 
supposed to be put for ^fx-woyaa for 
^v-xovffa, from its going on one foot, 
the other being a brass one. ' A paint- 
ed la<iy is to be looked upon rather 
as some spectre or empusa than as a 
handsome woman,' Bp. Taylor 

"Efi'Tvos: having pus or virulent 
matter. — Fr. vvov, ^h.pus 

*E/i-^fpd« : like. — Fr. <l>ipta, fero ; 
one who bears in his countenance 
a resemblance to another. So Lat. 
re-fero : * Qui te tantum ore re-ferret,^ 

efi'tpopiofiui : I am full of, satiated 
with any thing ; I enjoy immoderately. 
But it is also used of enjoying with 
moderation. — *E/i-^op);0^i/ai Tijs oXe-* 
Oplov raiirijf cxi-Ow/n/as,'^ Chrysost. 

"Ef : unum, one. — See eh 

*EN : in. 'But it sometimes an« 
swers to the word, at : ey 'Fdtfiy, at 
Rome, &c. And to the word, near : iv 
AaKcbalfjLovi, near Lacedaenion. The 
idiomatic use of ey resembles its use in 
our own or in the Latin language. To 
be in {ey) fear : to be in (ey) anger, 
i. e. to be angry. So, to be in (Iv) 
shame, to be ashamed. It is in (ei*) 
his will, it is his will, to march against 
Greece. So the Greeks say, It is in 
an easy manner, i. e. it is easy ; To 
make in a like manner, i. e. to esteem 
equally ; To make in a light manner, 
i. e. to make light of. To be in a 
white dress. So the Greeks say, to 
fight ey, with, shields, spears, &c. ; to 
be in crowns ; to be in wine (as we 
say, to be in one's cups). It is (ey) 
in you, in your power, to do this. All 
of it is in, rests in or with, Triballus. 
Hence, To be in oneself; i. e. to be 
master of one's-self ; and iy ifjiol, 
as far as rests in me, as depends on 
me. You have learnt ey, by, our let- 
ters what was done. To drink iy, 
from, horn cups. It is better to dwell 
iy, among, good citizens than bad. 
There are shady resting-places ey^ 
under, the high trees ; properly, for 
they are surrounded by them. All in 
sickness, i. e. all sick,* M. ^ He was 
not ey yiyei, in genere, related, to you. 
Hence, oi ky yiyei, relations. To be 

18 To be full of this pernicious desire. 


ENA f 

ill IiimH'if, i.e. in )ji9 ri^hl miiiO : 
' (liinscir is ill tiie genilive case ;'" 
Biid llie wLole expression is, lo be in 
(liie bouse) of himself, to be at Iiodi«,' 

er-nyL^w : I devole a victim, sacri- 
fice ; otfer iieruic lioiiors to tlie dead, 

'Ey-alpn, apQ : I lake oft', remove 
out of tlie way, kill ; lake ii\v»y tlic 
E|ioiIs of one killed, spoil. — Doubtless 
fr. if nnd aipio, L.^ 

ip-tnto-ipiixiii '. flatum ct crepituin 
Ventris emiito in, excreineuta ventris 
cmilto in. — A il-uj^// 

'Eyapa, uiv : spoili, — Fr. ivapSi Tut. 
of evalpiif 

'Ey-apyi)s : clear, evident. — Fr. Ap- 
yvs, wliite, clear 

'Eiaplft-fipoTos : a slayer of men. — 
For Cfapi-fiporos ; fr. evnpi (fut. of 
evaipbi) end fipoTos 

'Evasmdevvos'. a year, — 'Era-sy<is, 
of one year old. Ijence tmntts 

'Evos or tvos : ou tlic wane, on tlie 
decline. '"Eftf ' is emplialically the 
la«t day of llie montliorof Ihe waning 
moon,' L. — An anaui is fr. iyrot ; so 
anus, ail old woman or a woman in 
her wane, is probably fr, Ivos. Tt. 
Sroi may be alau the Lat. «enj», I lie 
ancient nominative, wh. the genitive 

"Evaro,, gr^DT-Dt, En'aroc ijie ninlh. 
— Fr. ifia, iuyia. eJ™, nine. TllPse 

iirise fr. iMu.wliich, as is stated above, 
is applied lo the last day of tlie monlh. 
'Ef^a is applied to the number nine, as 
■hat number is the last of the system 
of units 

'Ey-aa\ot: abiding in. 'It is em- 
pliatically said of words willi uliicli 
the ears still rin^, and of any tiling 
which is still fresh in the memory,' R, 
— Fr, aiXos and perhaps ovXi} 

"Ef-avXoi : water or a torrent pass- 
ing in a pipe or channel. — Fr. ttiXoi 

iv-i&Tios : see Mjtdc 

erieXejftis : supposed to be put for 
ii-re\-tx^s, which is used in the same 
sense; but which generally means, 
perfect, highly finished; i.e. having 
in it perfection, fr. ir, TiXot, ex"- 

19 E&ai Ji'(«r>ia<i) iauiaV. 

20 Compare naS-aipu. Unlesn it is on ei.- 
lendecl fnrm of (yia. See ovC-Atiji. 

I Ratlier 6^ rat via. See b 

8 ENA 

'Ei'£E\e;(i;i is, assiduous, continual. 
Koajiuu Kitiovjiivov ivheke-yus, Arislol,, 
The world conliniially moving. Ova 
iiTTii' Ayada ry ivifKexfioTt etc Kaiai,* 

'Ev-iliufii : I GIVE IN, yield ; re- 

Sy-bios: in mid-day, — Fr. ihesamc 
root as dieg. See Aii, Anis. So ev-yb' 
Xios, says Damin, is used for, at mid- 

"Ey-biov : a dwelling in the open air, 
mansio sub-dialis.— Fr. Hoy, wh. Lat. 
diitm, sub dio 

'Ei'ior and ivh-rt: within. — Fr. h, 
in. Hence Lucretius has, ' Endo ma- 
nu,' ' Endo mari,' ' Viamque Endo- 
-gredi aceteris.' And hence indi-gena, 

'Ei'-Sui;^wf : thoroughly, accurately, 

diligently Fr, hiiuxn p. of *£«, I 

peuetrale. I. e, penitus 

'Eyhvo : immediately. — Apparently 
fr. Ev and buo, duo, L, In two seconds 

'Ev-ibpii: snarea. — Answering to 
Lat, 'in-aidii£.' See ibpa 

'Et^ifM, fvelKbi, iviynbi : I bear, car- 
ry ; anstaio.— 'AXXo i' Sp' fiXXoi bapoy 
Sfcivei',' Horn. 'HpiyKov KaxiraT', 
ijycyKoy, Soph, 

'Ei-EKQ : in reference or relation lo, 
with a view to, for the sake or on ac- 
count of. — Fr. iyima, fero, refero, L. 

6'coi: deaf or dumb, aveos; astu- 
nlsiifd, stnpid, a-yoos 

ly-rp0e: below, beneath. — See Ir- 

iy-epot : the shades below, — From 
their tying cc tpif, in the earth, EM. 
Rather, because the receptacle of the 
shades was placed in the centre of the 
earth. Hence ev-ipo6ey, cy-tpOey, rip- 
Bey, yiprepoi, &e., Bl, 

eK-er^ : a clasp.— Fr. trai pp, of 
lu. That wh'wh is sent in or inaeitcd 
into the clothes 

iyij (or ern) nal via: the thirtieth 
or last day of the month. — It Las been 
shown that fcoi means, on the wane. 
' A DOT-A luna crescit ad plenam ; et 
indc rursus ad novam decrescit, quoad 
veniat ad inlermeuHtruum, e quo die 
luna dicituresse EXTREMAet PRIMA ; 

3 There are no good (hiugs to him who ii 
assiduous in bad thinge. 
3 Uuc bore one gift, anollici anolhui 


« quo cam diem Athenis appellant 
^yfiy Kol riay, alii rptaicdSaf'' Varro 

iyfl or h'vf, Myyfi or l^rvrf. Some take 
this for the thirtieth or last day of the 
month/ Others for the day after the 
morrow, or the third day. The last 
agrees better with this passage of He- 
aiod : M^b' iLya-fiaWefrOai is r* avpiov 
is r* eyyj^u^ It is a bad reason against 
the first interpretation, that, because 
hni Kal fila expresses the thirtieth day, 
h^ must express something else. "Evvi 
may have been used as being more 

ir'^s, fiios : good, kind, or gentle. 
— Fr. ^, io, within, and ivs{=revs) 
gen. iiios 

Ir^vdda. — Fr. evoOw, I shake, agi- 
tate. It occurs in an intransitive 
sense, as Kdfivf iiv^ev^vodev &fjLous, Horn., 
The hair floated on the siioulders. 
"EXaioy ir'ep^yode OeovSf Id., Oil flow- 
ed on the bodies of the Gods. So 
iLy^^yoOey^ applied to blood rushing 
from a wound. The expressions, in 
which the later writers used this word 
(as fA^is Trap^eyrfyoOe and alwv lir-ei^- 
yodey, ApoU. Rh.) show merely how 
tbey explained it, since they derived 
it sometimes fr. 6iw by transposition 
of iOkt ; sometimes fr. iu, iOu, I am ; 
and sometimes fr. aydiu, M. 

iyfipiO/ios : a companion or friend. 
— Fr. iipiOfjios^ which comp. with apd- 
fAos ; i. e. united together. Or, in the 
number of my friends, aevlas iipiOfif 
npQros Sfy e/jwy ^/Xofv, Eurip. 

"RyOa: in this place, here. — Fr. 
^. "EyOa Kal iyda. Here and there 

'EyOavra : in this place. — Fr. ivOa 
and aMs. In this case ivravOa is put 
for iydavra. But perhaps lyravOa is 
the primary word, and is put for |y- 
Tavroda, in this place. Then also ey- 
rmjQey will be put for kv-revroQey or 
ky^TaiyroQev^ from in this place, from 
this place. Otherwise the origin of 
liTcvOcv will be obscure 

'Ey-Oov^mcof : I act under the im- 
pulse of the Gods, am frantic. — For 
ky^defHrkiiSiia^ fr. 0eo(. Fr. pp. kveQov 
oiaafiai is enthusiasm 

1E»yi : for iy, in 

"Eki is put for M-etni or ey-etrrif 
M~eiffi or ly-€((Ti, in-est, in-sunt 

'Eyt-avros ; a year. — Fr. eyi=€y, in, 

89 £NI 

and ahros. *In se sua per vestigia 
volvitur annus,* Virg. 

"Evioi: some, certain ones. — I. c. 
iyi o?, there are who 

ivl-orei sometimes. — Fr. Ifi and 
8re ; i. e. there is when. Or, fr. iy la 
and 8t€, as Lat. ' ali-quando' 

ey-(7r^: castigation. See ey-iima 

ey-liTTw, cv'iTTof, ey^lffffu : I casti- 
gate, reprimand. — Fr. ivro;, I hurt. 
Fr. the same root [i. e. fr. iTof] are 
ey-tvrf and Iv-(9ra7rw, Bl. 

ev-itnrutf itnckto, ey-eyierina : I tell, 
announce, &c, — 'Iffvia is fr. Iirw, as 
lffj(w fr. i)(ita 

Mffffdt : See iyivria 

*Eyyia : nine. — See ivraros 

iyyeos : the same as iveos 

iyy-effla : suggestion, hint, advice. 
— Fr. iy and ietai pp. of Iw. That 
which is put or thrown into the mind 

iyyri : See iyvi 

"Eyyvfii : I clothe. — As fr. fiyw is 
AyyvfAi, so fr.' ita is ^yv/xi, eyyv/jii. See 
iio, I clothe 

'EyoOut, ivyoOttf, fut. evoffttf, evyotrw : 
I shake, agitate. — ' Ipsum compedi- 
bus qui vinxerat Ennosi-gieum/ Juv. 
That is, Neptune the shaker of the 
earth. Whoever has learnt merely the 
rudiments of Greek, says Seneca, 
knows that Neptune is called in Hotner 

"Eyos : see before iyaros 

ey-oxos: held in or held fast, bound, 
obliged ; obligatus, bound by debt 
or fine ; obnoxious to punishment. 

* Liable* fr. French ' lier*, and this fr. 

* ligo,' may be compared. — Fr. ©xo 

pm. of Ix^ 

'Eyoia : I make one, unite. — Fr. ^y 
eyravda : in this time, place, or af- 
fair. — See lyOavra 

"EvTca : corporis indumenta, instru- 
ments of military or other apparel. 
Also, any instruments, vessels, uten- 
sils* — Perhaps fr. iyrat pp. of ^y«, 
wh. ivyv/jLi, I clothe. Hence eyrifo and 
cyrvyia, I equip, get ready, instruo. 
'EyniyoyT iyrea iatr6s 

ey-reXi/s : one in oflice. — See riXos 
ey-reX-eyils : see iybeXcjfj^s 
"Eyrepa : the entrails. — Fr. hn-os, 
intus. Hence venter and djjs^entery 
'Evrcuflcv: from this place. — See 

4 Nor delay it till the morrow and tlie day after. 


ENT 90 

"Evros : intus, within 

ev-rpexvs' quick in running; quick, 
rapid, industrious, clever. Hence kuk- 
-evrpixaa, a cleverness or quickness in 
abuse or oppression. — Fr. rpexw 

€P'TViras ev yXalvrj KeKoXvfifiivos : 

* who has bound hi^ vest so tight and 
so rolled himself up in It, that the 
whole figure [impression] of the 
body appears; which is a different 
case from that of the toga and pal- 
lium,' Ern. — See rviros 

'Rvnjw, kvTvvia : see Ivrea 

*Evvi},ii: Bellona. — Fr.€vvai=dvuw, 
I despatch, kill, L. Fac. * Et face 
mutate bellum integrabat Enyo,' Sta- 

'EyvaXcos: Mars, Bellum. — Fr. the 
jsame root as *Evi/ai, Bellona 

}iv-vhpis: an otter. — Fr. vSiwp. *The 
common otter- frequents fresh- water 
rivers, lakes, and fishponds. The sea- 
otter lives mostly in the sea, and swims 
with great facility,' EB. 

*E£ : sex, six 

'ES. 'Eic before a vowel becomes 
kKs or ej. See U 

Sei f i«f|0(5s 6 2riX7rwv, Plut. * Hoc loco 
ut maxim^ lancines Stilponem/ Lat. 
Vers. As fr. al/xa. Reiske conjectures 
eiTrep oZp ravra e^-era^ei 

"E^-aiTos : supposed to be put for 
e^-alperos, selected from others, select,^ 
choice. It is better derived fr. alreo). 
Much in request 

*E{-aX/6i : I cause a horse to roll on 
the ground. Also, I cheat or trounce; 
as, €^-ii\iK&5 kfie €K Twv €/jwv, Aristoph. 

* Istos ex praedii evolvas/ Livy. 
And vice versft, * evolvam id ar- 
gentum tibi,' Ter. — Fr. dX/w, I make 
to roll 

eJ-a/i-jSpi/w: i. e. ci-ava-/3puw. This 
word is a suggestion of Pauw for the 
corrupt reading e^ajjLppok) in ^schy- 

^{-dvDjs. Heindorf explains ef-avri; 
from Tiraaeus by vyt?7 kqJ I{o» drrjs. J. 
supposes it put for el-avvrris (fr. Slviju)), 
and translates it, perfect. Hermias 
supposes it the same as c^ eravrias ; 
and translates it, pure and different 
from what he was before. 'Av-eppwa- 
Off Kal KQKOv navTos e^aPTrjs ivrevOiv 


Iffriv, ^lian. *Efik ol Qeol tnUdpip Air* 
'ifjirivay Kal Ifdvri}, Julian. 'E{6»iretf 
iffofiivovs Tfjs voaoVf Id. 

^-avhris: on a sudden. — Ml. sup- 
poses this to be put for €^'ai<liyTis, But 
TH. supposes the reverse : '"A^-tVor, 
sudden. This is contracted into Afvos 
and alfjivos, as aicc/i^ into al^/ifi,* See 

^£a-7rX<7(7£Off : six-fold. — ^Perhaps fr. 
wiwXriffai pp. of vXiu,^ p. TirXetca wh. 

nX^Kbf, pltcto, I fold. Compare how- 
ever hi'irXaatos 

cj-QTrXoo; : I unfold, expand, stTet^b 
out. — Fr. hn\6os, without fold-. We 
might have expected rather kx-ttkokt^ 
Comp. &7rX($os. "Xktios k^iinXioro vekpot 
bifjias, Hom. 

i^elrjs : the same as i^fjs 

i^-epato: I draw out; I draw off, 
void. — See ii-ipctfia 

i^-eala : an embassy. — Fr. e^ac pp. 
of ^u). A sending out 

i^-eraSuf : I examine, scrutinize ; 
make an estimate ; make an estimate 
of numbers, reckon, number. See 

e^-rjytiT^s : a leader, shower of the 
way ; a shower of sights or of the 
manners and history of a country to 
strangers. The office of the If-iyyi/roc 
at Athens was to teach the rites which 
were wont to be observed in sacred 
matters, to settle disputes about tlienii 
&c. — Fr. iiyrirai p. of fjyeofjiai 

e^'tjTpiu^uf I See ^rpioi^ 

e^rjs: adhesively, in an unbroken 
connexion; without anything interven- 
ing, im-mediately; perpetually. Tjf 
e^rjs fjfiipif, on the day immediately 
after, the next day. — Fr. ^foi fut. of 
^X^> wh. ^xPfxat, I adhere 

"EJcf, €w«, )/ : habit of body, con- 
stitution ; habit of mind, character. — 
H. sexusy sex, as depending on the 
constitution of the body. "E^is is fr. 
?4ai pp. of l^w, habeo. Fr. ^icrai the 
third person pp. is hectic, hectical, i. e. 
habitual, constitutional. So * habit' 
is fr. * habeo' 

•Ej-/rjyXo$ : gone off, vanished ; going 
off, vanisliing. — Fr. trac pp. of ?w = 
ita, Lat. eo. Compare liit. ex-itium 

'E^-oi/ : it being permitted, — Fr. 
or, neuter of wy=^uy fr. iut, I am. 

6 See airK6os, 



"Ei-earit is. it is lawful. So Lai. * est' 

'E$-ovXi|ff hUfi : a suit brought by a 
person who professed to have been 
ejected out of his house or goods. — 
Fr* olXq, for oXa pro. of eAiii=^ai. 
So in Lat« 'evpivi bonis/ See e{- 

'E{-ov<rio : power, liberty. — Fr. u>y, 
oZtra^ ov. See l^dv 

"FJ^'O^osi surpassing others, emi- 
nent. Also, prominent. "E^-ox^* ^^^' 
passingly, eminently. — Fr. o^a pm. of 
lyca. '£i^-^ti», I bold (myself) at a 
distance from others 

"£{» : out of the limits, without, on 
the outside, abroad. — Fr. e{. Hence 
exotic plants 

l£-4tfXi}s: utterly destroying or de- 
stroyed. — Fr. SKov a. 2. of oXw, I de- 

"Eotica : for oTjca, pm. of eiKof 

ioXnToi had been rolled round. — 
Pluperfect passive of koXkw^ formed fr. 
^oXa^^oXa pm* of eA(i>=:aX(i; 

kopriit opTtl : a festival. — Fr. oprai 
pp. of Qpu. 1. e. a day made festive 
by a concourse of people excited by 
the occasion and pressing to one spot, 

'Eos : one's own. — Fr. e, se. So fr. 
* sui' is * suus' 

'£111^ : close upon. It expresses 
(1) contact, (2) contiguity, co-exist- 
ence, (3) consequence or following 
upon, combination, (4) dependence 
upon, example, (5)conditionality, ob- 
ject, aim, motive, (6) appertaining to, 
(7) bestowing care or concern upon, 
employment about, (8) duration and 
extent. Thus : (1) To bear burdens 
M, close upon, one's back. To sit 
iwl, upon, the ground, (2) An ohve- 
tree M, at, contiguously to, the har- 
bour. To stand near or at the door. 
To sit M, by, op, another's right hand. 
To swear hrl, by, the entrails ; i. e. 
to stand near and swear. To swear 
irl, contiguously to, in the presence 
of, before, witnesses. So, to speak 
iwl, before, the judge. To sail M, 
on, Samos. Flying upon Sard is. 'Ftt^ 
can express likewise, in connexion 
with contiguity, a co-existence. To 
live or die enl, with, children ; i. e. 
having children. To drink M, with, 
one's food. To sing kwl, with, over, 
PQe*s ^Mps, To sit evl, with, tears ; 

91 En 

]. e. to sit and weep. Do not go into 
the recesses of the temple ewi, with, 
unsacrificed sheep ; i. e. without hav- 
ing sacrificed sheep. (3) He rose M^ 
subsequently to, after, the other. 
Gain evl, upon, gain ; i. e. gain fol- 
lowing on gain. To staud evl rpiStv 
(Lat. trium), three deep; i. e. conse- 
cutively, one after the other. Hence 
kirl marks, accumulation, addition : 
€ir\, besides, these things; i. e. more- 
over. (4) 'Ettc expresses also example 
and dependence : 'EttJ, by following, 
me; i. e. by following my example or 
advice. To have one*s name e7r2, after, 
another; i. e. to be called by his 
name. To be kirX, dependent on, 
guided by, soothsayers. 'Etti, as far 
as depends on, me. Some of these 
things are dependent en-c, on, us ; 15 e. 
are in our power, at our command. 
These states lived eirt, after, them- 
selves ; i. e. dependent (only) on them- 
selves, independent of others; or, fol- 
lowing their own mode; i.e. they had 
a peculiar constitution. So, They 
of all the Lacedaemonians had this 
arrangement in the field kirX, peculiar 
to, themselves. (5) To have his 
daughter kirl, upon condition of, the 
kingdom. To dedicate the region to 
Apollo cTTf, upon condition of, its en- 
tire freedom from cultivation. He 
would not hear it IttI, for, his life ; 
i. e. though his life should be that 
which he must lose on failure of ful- 
filling the conditions. You gave a 
good deal of money to Protagoras kv\, 
on condition that he should teach you, 
wisdom. Though all these things 
happened, I would not be content to 
live cTTi, on condition of, these things ; 
i. e. notwithstanding that I were to 
possess these things. For (IttI) how 
much would you ? You did so en-r, 
with a prospect, in order to, that. 
Hence M expresses an object, aim, 
as this is the condition on which the 
action is performed: Lest robbers 
should come €'!r\t with a view to, mis- 
chief. You did not learn these things 
CTTf, with a view to exercise them as, a 
profession. To lead cttj, for, to, death. 
Would it not be great folly to use en-S, 
to the effect of, harm things which 
Were made In-l, for the object of, uti- 
lity I Here km expresses both consc* 



EOA 9 

(lUMce and object. Hence it signi- 
fies merely, on accouDt of. To prirle 
ones-self tTTJ, Upon, any tiling. (6) 
Looking only ^^rj, to that whith ap- 
pertained lo or concerned, llieniselves; 
i. e. looking only to tlieir individual 
interests. To speak eiri, touching, con- 
cerning, the boy. 'Ejri, as far as 
concerns or regardd, me. (7) Hente 
the notion of concern about, care, bii-' 
ainesa, serving, Sec. Those who are 
employed £iri, upon, these matters, 
who have charge of them. Of eiri 
tQv iiriaToXbiy, as Lat. ' ab epistolis.' 
(8) Contiguity expressed by cirl is 
sometimes transferred to time, and 
marks duration : ewi K^tpojrot, during 
the time of Cecrops. 'EttI, during 
the time of, io, peace. 'Eiri, for, two 
days. 'Ett!, for some, lime. 'En-i is so 
used loo in respect of place : To go 
tirl rpia rrraiia, Iria stadia, the dis- 
tance of three stadia. In some cases, 
eiri expresses, about, nearly. — Hence 
epi-hgut, epi-taph,' ept-scopus'' 

'Kn-qhut '. 1 sing upon, enchant, in- 
canto, allure by incantation. See 

'Eir-aX£ii : a bullress, hulvrarlc, 

rsmpart Fr. &\fyi fut. of fiXcio, I 

keep off. See n\>ni 

"Eir-dp-ye/ioi: covered with darlt- 
ness.^Fr. 6pyf[ioy, albugo oculi, tlie 

'En-apr^s : ready, prompt.— Fr. ^p- 
raipp. of fipci 

iTT-aaavTtpoi ' one hastening on an- 
other, in crowds, frequent. — 'Ao-o-ure- 
pos is for {ira-aiiTtpos fr. atavTui pp. 

iir-a'vpb) : the same as Itiraiipai and 
dTovpaui. '^iravpu) however is used 
not only in the sense of deriving ill, 
but of deriving; good from anything 

'Eirel, iirei!'), ^irtiq, eiTEiSif, eireinv, 
iieAv, iniiv, tiruv. These words are 
allied to £t1, close upon, consequently 
upon. They mean, in consequence 
of, by reason of, because, since, after, 
inasmuch aa. They are often cllipti- 

6 Frum rd^O!, a tiimli. 

7 Pipm i-KUT^, 1 iee or vieiv. 

aut ipB<i pudcnds. UiiTgei in the 'Clasncnl 
Joarnnl' pro(jqBeB hri-anuiv, whicli is veiy 
lilUc dilTeient fiom the common, buL corrupi, 

& fr. /pt'ti, "Ji, iptiSw. I. e., I press violent- 

• EHE 

cally used : ' Do not you mean that 1 
cannot refute your words? iirti (be- 
cause if not ; for if I am wrong ; else) 
tell me what you mean' 

'Eir-e/yoi ; I impel, induce, urge 
on, i-n-Ayai. — Fc. eiy(8=?yti ^yfu, L. 
So e-i\m, tKu, HX-a are allied. So eypu 
and &ypoi 

''Ejrduwy. See the note' 

'EirEirn, liEire : Consequently ; 
moreover. For the ftre.rn time, i. e. 
for the time following, hereafter. — 
Fr, £ffi and elra ; or fr. Isrei, with the 
postfix of TO and re 

fTT^TTifl^ev : See fS/iev 

ejr^rijs : one who follows another, 
an attendant. — Fr. ^jrtu, wh. exouai, 
1 follow 

firiroiTiiE : 'Pauw supposes it put 
for iir-iOoaae, fr. iwi-B6ii {(v. 8iu, Boot). 
I run up to, come upon. Till I am 
better informed, I shall still think that 
row is of the same origin as rau, riu, 
Tavu. Fr. TDui is riaaui, itri-riir'tu, I 
reach, come up to,' Heyne 

'Eir-Eii^par<Sio( : living nearer oa 
the banks of the Euphrates 

'Eir^'lioXot : one who strikes close 
on the mark, gains his point, is suc- 
cessful and in possession of anything. 
Also, that which is our possession or 
power. — For e;ri-/3o\oi, fr. jH/iokapm. 
of /3Att. 

erq-CT-acui : that which comes year 
after year, perennial : unfading, per- 
petual. — For iwi-eTaybs, fr.ft-oi, a year. 
So Homer has iw-eriiatos 

"Ett'TjXvs, vbos : ad-vena, a stranger, 
foreigner. — Fr. !j\vrai pp. of DiMm. 
See kXevBui 

'Eti)» : aec eiref 

lir-ijpeaSu : » I am violent, deal tIo- 
lenlly. It is particularly used of vio- 
lently accusing and violently calum- 
niatin^. — Tlpoa-rii'jfeaOt vwip tvv ir- 
-tipca^ouT aiy vuHy Kai icBiKorrioy lual,'" 

MiTpifiat: thick, accumulatetl. — 
Perhaps fr. ^rpioy. TioXkol inl irij- 
Tptfiot ^fiara rayra niitToviTi," Horn. 

o il fr. Spw, 

on snv one, . 
Kia' 0la. Hca. 

II) Pt*} foi those ttlia despiCerully usa wd 
)>erBecuC(] you. 

11 For muij and in crowds Wleveiy lUy. 




'EIII : tee after i6s 

hrl icipas or Kipw wKtip is constru- 
ed, to sail with the wings of a fleet 
extended or advanced 

*Effrl'PSai, hri'fibal: such days as 
follow holidays, and are celebrated by 
the common people as festivals. Ge- 
nerally, any days which follow others; 
the time to come, futurity. — For irf 
'fiaial ft. /3dA», I go. See fiairiy and 

'Exi'poXii • ' the putting on ; of a 
seal, i* e. impression ; of colors, i. e. 
inlaying, painting ; of a garment, i. e. 
additional weight, incumbrance; of 
a penalty, i. e. impost, fine ; the 
putting the mind on an object, i. e. 
mental grasp, design/ J. — Fr. fiifioXa 
pm. of0i\v 

'Eirl-yva : ropes by which ships are 
tied to the shore. — Fr. yija=syia and 
yela, wh. M-yeia, the same as irf- 
yva, 'funes quibus puppis a 'x CIMa 
religatur,* St. 

eiri'Sapiti : I hang heavily upon. — 
An Arcadian word, for in-liapitif,^^ fr. 
fiapos. J. supposes it put for trapiu 
fir. o-afXi>, aaipw, I sweep violently over 

hri'SdifteXos : rough, sharp. Ap- 
plied to anger. — Perhaps fr. Sa and 
fikot. Very rough like a hard stoive.'^ 
'RnriSat^Xws ^aXeiraiyoif Hom. 

kwi'Ovfiiiai I set my mind upon, 
long for, desire. — Fr. Ovfi6s» *£irc-9v- 
fii^ kT'^B^fiilva TO wafT^a t^ayeir fieff 

V^",** NT. 

*Evl~Kovpos : ready to administer at« 
tention or help f an ally ; patron. — 
Fr. Kovpa, wh. lAt. cura, L. 

hri'XevKos: in color close upon or 
nearly approximating to white, whit- 
ish. — See XevKos 

hrt'fiAofjMi and hrt'jxalofAai : See 


im-y&tnios: a foreigner. — Fr. vi» 
raorac pp. of yaw, I dwell. *£t1 seems 
here to mark motion on a place. One 
whp goes to a country and there 
dwells. So iw'OiKos 

'Ejwl'vetov: a dockyard or harbour. 
— For M'rtor, fr. yeois gen. of vaiis, 

12 £• compares j^4p€$poy and fiipoBpov, The 
Arcadians said also, it appears, iiKKM for fidX- 
As», RP. 

18 Hes. explains it by x^^*"^^* ^* has 
traced i^ffAj^f to tbe same word ^Xos. 

14 M/xth desire I have desired to eat th« 

A place where persons are oocapied 
about ships, or a place appertaining to 

lir/-£i7voy : a chopping block. — Fr. 
i^iiva a. 1 . of lalyia. That on which 
flesh is cut. Dm.'' 

i-Kt'O^ffios &pro9* — Fr. oMa, essence, 
substance. That is, bread appertain- 
ing to our substance or subsistence. 
But others derive it fr. wvjoiva ; and 
translate it, the bread of the follow- 
ing day, to-morrow's bread, Schl. 

^Tt-^a/i0aXd(if : I look round about 
upon. — tlafii^aXw may seem to be 
put for TQfi-^ap&ia = trav'^avAu, I 
view every thing, Scap. Il^XX' liri- 
iran<paX6iavr€t ofiov, Ap. Rh. 

hrl'wXa : ' things' fit -for sailing, 
provisions for a voyage, for M-rrXoa ; 
or, according to Suidas, for l7rc-7n$Xaia 
[or iwi-iroXa. Compare l7rt-ToA^«,] 
things on the surface, moveable goods ; 
4^ipareiv stores, baggage ; opposed to 
fy^ia, fixtures,' J. 

*Ejrl'wXofiai: applied to the year 
as turning round upon an axis. 'Eire* 
•TXofjiiyri M wKr\, in the night which 
is rolling round in succession, the 
following night. — For iwi-viXofiat, 
fr. wiXta, (I turn) pm. viwoXa, wh. 
polus, a pole 

hri'ToXfjs : on a surface ; on the 
top. — Fr. M, upon ; and viiroXa pm. 
of wiXu, answering to the Lat. \ ver- 
sor,' I am occupied or engaged about 

^c-TToXos: one who is engaged in 
waiting on another, an attendant. — 
See above 

iwi'pfiiiSw, M'/^oiSa : I set a dog 
on with noise and clamor. — See fioi^ 

iiriotiov : See hretaiov 

'Enrl-ffKOTTos : one who looks upon 
or over others. — Fr. tricoiriu, I view. 
Hence by corruption hishap. Sax. 6m« 
cop, i. e. 'biscop 

iwlarafjiai : I know, understand ; 
coiyecture. — It appears to be the 
middle of k^-lvrriiut the same as 1^- 
'ioTfiixi rov votiv, M. I set my mind 

passoyer with you. 

16 Unless |t|ybs (which in Suidas is explain* 
ed by Kopfjybs, fr. KiKop/iat pp. of K€ipot) means, 
wood cut, i. e. a block. Compare howoffr 
M'K»ins fr. tficeirpr a. 2t of ittwrm* 

EOI 94. Eni 

H over any thiug, appi}' it to lliou{:bt above .ri 

H aod enquiry iTri-^duSm : I spit upon in the n 

H eTTi-oni^iij : knowledge, skill. — Fr. ner of a 

^m fom^ai pp> of arau. See above •.uj, E.- 

H €jri-iTro/3ew : 1 tread on, insuU. — of IT ano r. •viivsu is tn-i/cu^irri'u. 

■ Fr. firn>/3a pni. of ^E/3<d=(7re//3<.i Tlie lauguage aifniits of neither frilfu 
H Hi-aiuTpBy: a plale of iron faateoed nor irduCu 

^f on a wlieel lo preserve it. — Fr. iri~ c-ri-^uinKfi : said of tlie lime which 

cairai pp. of iruSoi is dote upon llic shiiiiti;: of the sun ; 

eiri-rn^^t, iiri-W(Seioi : beslowlug at- it dawns.— Fr. fou, as ^donu fr, faw. 

lenlioD and Intent care on anylliing. See ^ us 

nervoi viresque intendeus; one who eiri-x^ ijjq, ui- : a reward. — I.e., the 

is prompt, ready, apt, fit, capable, reward aitending labor of llie hands, 

'Avipat ijT-ia-njaev oi ihoKoi/y tjririj- EM. 'Apen; . . . Out Is Qvpaimv ri- 

ieioTOTOt elfai itfiifi Toxira exe<i','° Xen. ulyiipa \a[/fiarei, Aur?) f>' em'ri)^ a6\a 

— Fr. r^w or rau, tendo. Qui potest toiv jr6i/air S^ei,'^ quoted by Clem, 

attendi vet intcndi in aliquid, L. Alex. 

ini-Tiiifi: _flilh alteution and study ; iir-uuyi) : See layri 

sludiously, purposely, ^vith a purlieu- Eir-odforo : See cki^c 

lBriDtention,inIentionally.^Sce above Swo/iai: See ewu 

^vri'nn^ini : apt, capable; attenilve, 'Eir-o^iy : deleutiou, stay, delay,— 

cai«fid. 01 iirirliifiDi, frieods, rela- _Fr. o^a pni. of Syui, 1 hold, ke«p luck, 

lives, ai giving ibeirattenlio)^ a^^liffpffii Ht^r r-^p-ock '^ 

as being apt and capable lo assist. "Ettoi/', on-oi : ' Hoo;ioo, Lat.u/itipA, 

Ta iwiTiiUia, the necessaries of life, Gr.^Toj^. A bird, ofihe class of picte; 

i. e. ihings fit for and capable of sup- not a lapwing, as some have aa&efledi' 

port, 'E?rir»)5eic( rpiHy itfiepuv Xa/Sdr- T.*° 

re(,'' Xen. Compare ' necessitas' aud 'Eirra : aeplem, seven. — H. )upt- 

* necessiludo.' — See above archy 

eiri-rigfcuti: I bestowatlentioa upon. "Etii; : ' 1 am concerned, engaged 

— See above or. busy about anything; I have iu 

eTi-rifc/Mii ; I invade, assault. — hand, manage. "ETo^m, f.inro^ni. 

Properly, perhaps, I put (my hands) (which loses the e in the other moods, 

upon as BTtia, airieOai.) I follow close on soy 

hft-Tifiau: I cncrease the punish- one; apperlain lo ; cuneHpond to. 

ment. Or, I put a punishmeut or fine 'EwETai, it corresponds wilb, is in coB- 

on any one; punish; reprehend; gruity with. — See cttI, which flows 

ihrealcn with punishment or repre- from this word. From thepni. ora 

hensiun; admonish. Hes. explains it has been derived Lat. opw*. From e«- 

by Ti/iwpiu, If Tijy rifi^y au^u. — See n- jro^ai is eawipa, vrspera 

(luptu '£iru;^ 1 say or speak, relate. — 

cjri-Tp^jrai : I turn over anything to Hence, epic poetry.^ From pm, mea 

■ another ; commit lo another's care ; is ui^, oiruc, the voice ; wh. CaUi-ope * 
H permit,— See rpiru iK-iiyvfjos : "as well one who receives 
H hri-Tpowot: one to whose care an- bis name after another, as one who 
H olfaer is committed, a guardian, tutor, bestows his name on another. This 
H — Fr. TiTpowa pm. of rpinai. See double sense, says TH., has ofleo de- 

H 16 He placed over these tlimgs men wLo note of the biid, «hicli reseniblefl it. So Vsno 

^M seemed to be tbe moit lit to be emjiloycd deHves vpupa from tlie uoiBf pu pu. Other!, 

^1 aboat them. saye T., deriie hoapnotr.tbtFr. huppi, created. 

^B 17 Hacing taken BecsHnies for three days. 1 Allied to in, wh. Ilirrw, npla, L. 

^H 16 Virtue doe] noc receive her reward from 2 Allied to fiiria=SirTV, t^a. 1 joio to- 

^H thoM abroad, botpoBHssea hertelf as the renard gether or connect wordd, L. 

H of her labors. 3 The Epic poeiD ie derived h. tms for ia 

^M ID For epoclu, mye Mor., are like places of it ure BEcncKiED itctionEi only ; whilst in the 

■ Kposewhcre weitoptoconiidcrHhatlsbeforo Dramatic persons *cr, iVlor." The Epic ■»- 
^1 tl;em and wlial after tbcm. lates ; the Drunatie act3. See Ipin. 
^^^^ M liniwui Bay* thit tmwmi ia from t^ ^Ia|4M^e^tKiiN^^K^XM|lM^. 




cieived ihti translators, — Pr. Spvfta ipi$wB6i : See Hit note ' 

"Epd : earth, ground. — Fr. 9fm, Lat. "Efitfios, cot : Erehus, Orcns. See 

sero, S. That which may be sown ipifia ^ 

*fyitt : I love, desire. — *Hence ipus, ipttlyia : I ask, interrogate. — ^Form* 

love : * But pomp and power alone are ed fr. kpiia, as iiXeelvia fr. iiXiuf 

woman's care : And, where these are, *Epc : ' 

light Eto^ finds a fear,' Byron. Fr. prefix 

pp. iparai is EratOy^ one of the "Epis, lios : contention. — Fr. 1^, 

Muses. 'Epttras oiic "Eptoras, &XX' «ero, as La t. 'tfon-MfO man us.' From 

*E(HrvTias, LVcophr. eipu, says Dm., for contention JOINS 

ip&m: I draw. — ^The same as ^vw* at least two. 6cdv IpcSt {vv-tdyr«i»y. He* 

VERY. An augmentative 

*Ep6M, I love, is traced by L. to the 
same source. See the note on A/ia 
fyaros: a feast the expenses of 

siod : The Oods coming together in 
'EpiOti and iptOlSta : I provoke, ir 

which are mutually supported by the ritate. — ' Properlv said of those who 

party ; or the expenses thus support- nip wool. For it is fir. iptov/ Bl. We 

ed. A contribution generally. Sub- may observe that to Tease, fVom hs 

liroity, says Longinus, is the fyavos, meaning of combing wool, received 

joint effect or contribution, of a mul- that of vexing with importunate assi- 

titude of particulars. — Fr. ipw or duity. Hence Voss. derives irrtto 

fyos. A feast of love (amoris) or of (for irritho), I irritate 

friendship (amicitiae), L. Or fr. 'Epelhu, ipilta. These verbs seem 

€pw, I draw together, collect. Coena 

"Epyor: work, primarily of agricul- 
ture ; any work, business, office, ac- 

connected with ^uand ^p(,and through 
all their senses mark a vehement con- 
tention and earnestness in doing any- 
thing. They are used of fixing tne 

tion, deed. Ta ^ya, the works of foot firmly on the ground, leaning and 

the ploughman, cultivation, cultivated 
fielcls. *Ev rf ipy<^t in the very con- 
flict. To Tpw'Uov epyovj the Trojan 
war. There is no epyoy,' nihil opus 
est, there is no business or need for. 

pressing on anything, pressing or 
dashing against anvthmg, casting the 
eyes earnestly on the ground, casting 
stones with violence, and vehemently 
assailing any one. L. supposes the fol- 

— Hence ra ye-wpytica,* the Ge-orgics lowing words kpelKia, epelitttf, ipivrut^ 
of Virgil. Also en-ergyH en-ergetic. ipitreria, to flow from the same source 

Fr. ipyatnai pp. of epyd^ofiai, 1 work, 
b etgailulum, a workhouse 

"Epyia, ipydSofiai I I work, &c. See 

"Epyw : I drive off, &c.— See eipyut 

ipy-utXri : pains and labor lost and 

good for nothing. — Fr. epyov and 

t 'Epe/o; : heath, broom 

epeUto, epiKot, ^io : I cleave, break ; 
or, am broken. — Perhaps allied to 
pijKiaf Ita, wh. jiaicos. As priKb) fr. pdia, 
ipprjKa ; so peUw might be formed fr. 
pita, jSe^tf,*** tppeiKa 

epelirrto, }pw: I seize, RAPTO.-*- 

Skoy a. 2. of oXw, I lose. But TH. Nvi' 8* av irath' iiyairtiTov hp^tipelypuvTO 

reads IpiwXi/ 

"Ephta : I work ; do. ' I sacrifice, as 
'fiicio,' and * operor,' in Latin: 'Justis 
operata Divis,' Hor. — Allied to fyyto 
t tpiPtvOos : a kind of vetches, 
chick-pease, opo^oi 

6 Ab presiding over amorous poetry. Or, 
B8 being lovely. 

6 Fr. 7^ the earth. Things appertaining 
to the cultivation of the earth. 

7 Operative power. 

8 ol yhp ^yikowv^v, ccBoyOiatfUi/ ZovXos 
ir, 4y trrp<l^affi¥ fHiknfflois h^a-rrrpofifiivos, 

Tovrw /5XAr«K rod 'pejSd^ov 'BparrSuriv ; Ari- 
stoph. * Annon ridiculum esset, si Xanthla ser- 

OveXXac," Hom. 

epelvia, ypuf : I throw down with vio- 
lence, overthrow; am overthrown. — 
Allied to piima, \p(a, L. "Hpiire b* i^ 
^iiov, Hom. 'Ev h* kpemlois Necpwv 
kpta^QiU ^fer','* Soph. 

vus, in Milesiis stragulis prostratns, subagitans 
saltatricem, matulam me sibi ferre juberet ; ego 
vero hunc intuens nientulam mihi fricarem V Br. 

9 Fr. %pis ; or fr. Ipw, aero, I connect, add. 

10 *P<I«, f^w, P^j ffl»9 wh. ^icof, piywf 
&c. TH. 

1 1 But now again the storms have snatched 
away my beloved boy. 

12 He sat thrown down on fragments of the 



tpeixyit: covered, obscure, black,-— 
Fr. ipf0ui or tpffiii, as ee/iyot fr. otj3at 

ipi-irTui and -o/iQi : probably allied to 
ipiiwTta, rapiD, 1 seize. It is used spe- 
cially of seizing food; aod seems to 
mean, I anatcb at food, eat 
ly, raplim edo. 'iTTTtot Xwr 
fiivoi, Horn, 

'Epiariii, {at. ipiaui fr, cpea/ 
bemently urge the 
mently urge 

6 EPH 

mation; 1 enquire; seek, search for, 
generally, — See epw above, 'Ot irorf 

fL t'lpo/tfroi fiiy iyifiecy y evl oitji, 
TlavTuv 'Apytiuy ipivy ytvtiiv re roKor 
7£," Horn. 

"^q/iof : " deserted, destitute, soli- 
iHry, — H. tremus, tremita, eremite, 
I ve- epijriiw : " I restrain, keep back. — 

'ehe- MeiXi)(i'oiJ Eiricaaiy tpiiruav aWoGer 
vebemenlly fiWoi," Horn. '^nTvuaaKS (p&Xayyat 

urge threats, — Fr. fpE7ai pp. is cpcr' Tpuiu)', Id. 

fibs (an oar), wh. Lai. remus. 'Eficr- '£(» : See after ip^tivui 

fioliriy ipta/ro/ievoi., ^sch. 'Epty-iowos : very resnuodiDg, — 

fpeax^Xiv : I talk merely for llie For ipi-hoinrvt 

sake of contradiction and dispute, I 'T^ihia, kpihiio, ipHfialvbi, ipl^ui I 

cavil, trifle in argument. — Fr, epit and contend, dispute. — Fr. ipic 

XeXoi^^eiXos, I. e. I exercise conten- 'Ef)i£i* : See above 

tion with my lips, S. *Exf";i' ijn 1*1^' "Epidos : 

&iro-Kpivaa9ai n-pot &yhpa cjriTijbi 
vj(t\ouvra,'^ Lucian 

'Epinis: a rower. — Fr. Iptrui pp. 
of ipiiu^ipiarrw 

'Eptvyai; I belch out, throw out, 
vomit. — Fr. ^pevKrai 
erucio, I eructate 

'EpeliOui, (fut. tptvaui) and ipiOiii: 
I make red. — Fr. ipvdpot, red, some 
derive the Erythrean Sea, wbicb is 
sometimes confounded with the Red 
Sea. ' Quod mare Bubrum dixere 
nostri, Graeci Erythraum,' Pliny 

iptvvaat : 1 seek, investigate. — Fr. 
fpiii), I ask ; as iKaivai fr. iXaui, Dm. 
Compare tpcdyhi. ' Urino seems a 
corruption of kpevrn,' J.'* 

"EpiAia : 1 cover.— Allied to fpi^u 
or Sptfios. Bl. derives it fr. fpa, tlie 
ear 111 

ipi)(6a): I break.^Fr. ^p^;^6i(i' a. 1, 
p. of ipeiciii=ifpeii 
'E)jw, cpiui, ^iai, 
relate, say, lell.- 
pitii is rhetor. 

Hence fyv-ipidot, a fellow- worker, 
generally : Veui-fierpiav cai fievaa^v, 
\uy-tpl6a fiXa-ao^iat,'' Max. Tyr, 
+ 'Epiveot, ipirai ; a wild-fijr tree 
'Epii'vt.^'Epiyyit: aFury,thereven- 
probably ger of wrongs. — ' Tot Erinnj/a sibilal 
hydria,' Virg. 
"Epic.' : See elpo, 

ipiirrr}'. aaumniit, clllf. — Fr. ^woc, 
a. 2. of EpciViii. That which is broken 
or abrupt. Oipcias vaiova iplwras,' 

'Epts : See before ipiQu 
Epi^s : a kid. — Fr. ^piifta p. ot ipi- 
xiu=£pEiViu, I lay prostrate, overthrow. 
The Latins call it ' hoediis PETUL- 
CUS,' S. <tfcliltv tS.v eplijiay, ^e^Sev, 
XiJec,' Theocr. 

fpi-biXfi : a hurricane. Fr. ipi and 

cJXo.. a. 2. of oXui, I roll. 1. e., that 

which rolls round violently. Also, 

that which consumes wool, fr. Spiov 

dpui, tJpfia : I speak, and vXut, I consume, destroy 

■Fr. fppifTai pp. of "EpKos, COS : that which keeps in, in- 

Eipui closes ; that which keeps off, repels. 

'EpEiD : See above 

ipiai : I speak to, address, for the cp^a,^ aros : a support, prop ; a 
purpose of enquiry and to gain infor- prop for ships ; fulcrum of a balance; 

IS Who rgnnerl; greatly lejoiced ia making 
enqiiiriu of me in his bouec, aakmg the race 
and the offspring of all (he Greek). 

le Fr, fpi, or Ifa, uncuititalcd land, TH. 
From ipit, I eiacuate, L. 

17 Pofsihly fr. fpyrriu pp. oUfiv, ilWeA lo 
to fpu Knd rtpitif I wenve or bind. 

18 They redriUDed oue iDOther wilb mild 

19 Geometry and music feliow-wariiera 
with philosophy, 

20 Fr. eohie word connected whh iptOu, I 
goad, agitate, L. 

1 lohabiling the mountain cliffs. 

2 Hpare the kida, spare them, wolf. 

B Perhaps fr, ipfuu pp, ot Ipa, p, fptcaiiii. 
IpK-^, tpitus. 

EPM 97 

loop of a sling ;- sand in ships fur bal- 
last and sfability. Reliance, confi- 
dence ; confident or bold undertak- 
ing. Plutarch says it is difficult to 
please er /ieyaKots epfiam, in great un- 
dertakings. Homer calls the dart fie- 
Xaivdwy ^pfi* o5trva(£;v, explained by St. 
as that on which pain rests as a fx>un- 
dation. — Fr. ipfia or rather clpfza or 
felpfia ^rejirmus, Jirmamentum 

epfia, aros: an ear-ring. — Either 
from its being supported by the ear 
(see above); or fr. epu, sero, as being 
inserted in the enrs. Sec opjuios 

^p/ia, aros I a kind of stone pile or 
rock in the sea. Generally, any ob- 
struction or obstacle. TcD^^ ^e bika 
rewv T(bv fiapPaptav rpeis iw-iXaaav 
wepi TO epfia to /jLcra^v iov ^Ktddov re 
Kal Mayfijcr/ijs,* Herod. 



cot: a branch, germ, or 
sprout. — Hence a Hernia^ or rap- 
ture, as 'ramex' fr. 'ramus.' Tlpoa-i 
'€i)(ed\ AoTt k'laaos fyyetriv bdf^yrjs,*^ 

"Epos, ovy and ^pws, taros : love. — See 

ipofiat : I enquire. — See epiuf 

epTTis : wine. — "Epwiy re pi^eiv j)h* 
dXoi0a7oi/X/7ros," Lycophr. 

"Ejjsroi: I creep; advance slowly; 
advance, move, go. — Hence serpo 

"EpirvWoy : wild thyme. — * Allia 
serpj/Uumque,* Virg. * Serpyllum 2l 
serpendo dictum putant,' Pliny 

*''Eppaos : aries, a ram 

"E/S/ooi,'* kppiiai I go ill; or with 
difficulty or pain, arising from illaess 
or lameness: under bad auspices, 
with bad fate, to a bad end. Go 

'Epn^, ov : ^ Mercury. — Hence (cppe) to the crows, i. e. perish. lids 

Herm-aphrodite,^ and hermttically ^ 

'Eppai : little stone statues o(*E(ifjiiis 
or Mercury 

"Epfxaiov : any unexpected luck, 
find, or gain. — Fr. 'EpjjLijs, Mercury, 
who presided over gain. ' Hortos 
egregiasque domos rtiercarier unus 
Cum LUCRO norani ; unde frequentia 
Mercuriali Imposuere mihi cog- 
nomen compita/ Hor. ' Mercurius' is 
fr. * merx, mercis* 

'EpfiariSw: I balance, poise. — See 
the first ipfia, aros 

'Epprfvevot : I interpret, explain. — 
Generally derived fr. *Eppijs. * Jove 
missus ab alto Interpres Div^m 
fert faorrida jussa per auras,* Virg. 

'Eppijs : See before *Eppai 

'Epptv, Ivos, 6 : a bed -post. — See 
the first ^jp/ia. B}7 h* ^ifiev es ddXaiioy, 

bdfjLos ^^01, Eurip., May the whole 
house go to destruction. UoXets i^- 
povaat vTTo papfiapwy, Plato, Cities 
going to ruin by the barbarians 

*'Epati, epatii dew. Also, a lamb 
lately born, like hpoaos, — For apori ft, 
apario fut. of apbut, I bedew. Dm. So 
&pffj)y and ^ptTvjy are interchanged 

"Eptrrjy : Ionic form of dparr^y 

"Epaos, €os: a lie, knot. — Fr. eparai 
pp. of cjow, I weave. See e^ipuf 

* 'Epvyycoy : some herb 

'EpvypriXos: applied by Homer to a 
bull, belching out or ejecting a loud 
noise : Tavpov ipvyfiriXoy, Hom. — Fr. 

*EpuK(a,^^ epvKaKtOf epvKaKito: I* re- 
strain, keep in ; keep oflf. — Aaoy epv- 
KCLKcre, Hom. 'EpvKUKietv kuku 

epvu, ipvfit : much the same as pino, 
I draw, drag. In the middle, I draw ; 
oOi oi fiXa bipyi cKeiro' 'A/i0i 6* ap* draw aside ; prevent any thing from 
kpplaiv jdie b^fffjiaTa kvkX(^ hirdvrriy^ taking its course. I draw out or rescue 
Horn. from danger, save, protect ; guard. 

4 And three of the ten ships of the barba- 
rians rowed about the rock which is between 
Sciatbos and Magnesia. 

5 Perhaps fr. epfiai pp. of %p(a or I/md, I 
speak ; as being the God of eloquence or the 
messenger of the Gods. 

6 See the note on ^AxppoZinn, 

7 Fr. *Eptiris, the imagined inventor of chy- 
mistiy, T. From 'Ep/x^s, which is to be under- 
stood of the Egyptian Mercury or of Hermes 
Tiis-megistus, who was well skilled, it is said, 
in the sciences, Mor. 

8 Vulcan -went to go to bis chamber, where 

lay his loved beds. And he bound chains 
about the bed-posts all round. 

9 For the part displaced seems to form a 
BRANCH in elongating itself, Mor. Inflatis 
scroti vcnis, veluti qtiidam kami apparent, 

10 He adhered as ivy to bi-anches of laurel. 

11 To make wine and ointment-fat. 

12 Hence Varro deduces Lat. erro. See 
ipOtlpopxu. ' 

13 Fr. fyvKa p. of ip^, I draw. I. e. I 
draw back, or I draw off. 






preserve, keep ; keep inviolate 

Ipvpa, aroc: a safeguard, protec- 
tion. — Fr. tpviiai pp. a( ipviii 

ipval(iti: mildew. — Perhaps fr. ipii- 
ant int. of ipiiBiu=fpev6Bi. as Lat. 
' riibigo' is traced lo ' rubor."* KnS- 

-djTff) Ipvolftr} Tois vypaifoiiivots ly- 
-ylvcrai airip/iaaty,'^ Plut. 

Epiiiii: See after ^puvw 

'Ep^aTuo/iai: 1 am inclosed. — Fr. 
lp)(aTiii. 'Epyti, ipifii, ^PX" ('■ ^■ 
elpxi). ^PX^"'. epXTQc, hX^ai, plural 
tpyiyrai, wbiub is clmnged by the Ionic 
form into ipya^ai 

fpypfiaii 1 come to, arrive at; I 
am comiag, am tendiug or verging 
to, — Fr. ip)(bi Val. derives Lat. net-go. 
A^yeifioi, riopeuow. flDpeuD^iai. 'Epj^ou. 
"Epxi/ini,'* Arrian 

'Epw : I say. See before kpiu 

Ipu: I draw. Tliesame as E^uiu 

"EpiuSaj, kpaiiiis : a lieron or liern . — 
Possibly fr. t'puSioi ot epSiw is Lat. 
ardea. Frooi the Greek Mor. sup- 
poses heron to ilow 

ipmini: I rusb, rush against, te&Jst, 
repel; rush from or back, retreat, 
retire. 'Hpiiiioai' dislaaui, Hom . — 
Hence epaiti, a rushing. Homer bas 
SoufiDi ipiaii, wvpbt itftoio epu^ 

'Epiat : Sec ipau 

ipwTau: I ask, enquire. — Fr. eftiai, 
Otc ai<r)(uyip, u SuiKparei, epiarbijieyoi 
itiiT-fpiiir^v ; ■' Plato 

•ES : See ih 

'E£r9qs, ijroi, /j: a clolliing, gar- 
meut. — Periiaps fr. iaQijv a. I. p. of 
?<u, I piiton'= 

erfXili : good, excellent, bra^e ; 
generous ; ready, siroiuious, &c. — 
For iBXas [as eo-j((ii fur e-j(bi\, L. For 
eOeXDi fr. eeau. S. That is, willing, 
ready, active. Ou KOKoy ouie ^ef itr- 
eXi».,'»Hom. naTt^piiiisiaBUi'Oiva- 

'Edflid, EffWa,: I eat.— For gfln, [as 
£0)(<^ for ex<"] f*"" ^^i"' ^°'' ^^ ifuflot 

is if uSdj or ifeuiot, Sues lo^ovcdi ^- 
Xoj'ov, Horn. 

fOKeuaiaTO '. See ire^f>d5oro 
"Ei7>l'iu : I am,— Fr. (u, as ^rrxw fr. 
/3du, and Lat. ' pasco' fr. vau 

^o-\oi : the same as ioBMt 

'Eryfios : a swarm of bees ; swarm, 
multitude. — Fr. eet/jm pp. of eu, I 
send; i. e. a sending out from tbc 
hive. ' Hincubijam emissitm caveis 
ad sidera cceli Nare per xslaTem 
liquidam suspexeris agmen.'Virg. Or 
fr. till, I place ; i. e. bees nbicli have 

"Effjrtpoj ■. vesptra, eveniug ; also 
Hesperus, tlie star which follows tbe 
Sun. — Fr, eoTTO/iai^eiro/ini, I follow 

'Effjro/iai: See Erw 

"Emru: fore™ 

eifffli"," ^vos: a sovereign, — Oi si 
Beii- laaijya ttoXoi 6iaav, epya 6e j(et- 

pu>',> Callim. 

i„^^y: leas.— Tonic form offlffo«y 
"Ea-rE or h re : as long as, as far as. 
' Alexander pursued him as long as 
(es re) llie light lasted.'- Fr, h ad, 
usque ad, unto the time thai; and t« 

'ErTTijfii : 1 sland ; stand erect. — 

wb. sto 

'Esr/u : ' a hearth, home ; an altir 
raised near the hearlh (as 'focus' in 
Latin : ' Nee prodest sanctis ihura 
riedisse fociSj'Ov.J; rcsta. Goddess 
of the hearth 

'Eimiiuj : 1 receive hospitably at 
my hearth or in my house; enterlaia 
with a feast, &c. — Fr. enrfo. Henc* 
feilnm, a/eaxl 

'£< a Tej/o/ Virgin 

£iTrit>p, epos : The precipe meamiig 
is not known. lu its general notion, 
saj s Heyne, it is a wedge or nail. — Fr. 
eirrai pp. of eui, I send. That which 
is aeiit in. Answering to tfi-(io\ot 

'Eitxapa:^ crust attaching lo hol- 

11 'LpwiBv may be put for lini(T-lf^, fr. iiii. 20 Fr. [lairw the Ionic form of] ijinri, EM. 

15 As mildew is engendered in wetted A subduer. See Tjavia. The EM. pro 
iceds. anothei rimva-lion : fr. taatu pp. of tai,l ^aee. 

16 He aajfi to me, Go. I go. Come. I settle. Said of a king, ju ailuaion to ben. 
come, Seefarpii!. 

17 Aie jou not ashamed, Socrates, wLeii - » . ■ 
intenogatad, to interrojifnte back ? 

18 Or for hrrin fr. iariu pp. of !». J. de- 
' tea it fr. tt and 9iv, I pul. 

19 Neitliet the timiil mia noi tbe biacE 
in. S Fr. (ex":^*^*- 1 tiol'', adhere to. 

ot lots have made jou the king aS Ibe 
Gods, Ijut the work.1 of jour haiLde, 

3 Fr. iara and tma, the aame ai orA, lie 
forli and iffrin, a flure seat. Thnsthejrdeug- 

EIX 99 

low wounds or ulcers. — Hence scar 

eet^aph: a hearth; an altar. Sec 
etrria, — Fr. iff^to, I hold, contain, L. 


* '£ffX<ipa : a gridiron or chafing 

itrxarosi * last, furthest, extreme. — 
"EoX*""' effxdruy KaKa,^ ^sch. *Eytb 
tlfii 6 Tp&Tos xal 6 iffxaros,^ NT. IToX- 
XoJ iaovrat TrpcDroc io^aroi, kqI ^tr^aroi 
wp&roi, * Id. 

"E/X^, itrxfi*, ixw, toxw, trx^o), trxfj/xi, 
oxiBwf loxvibti I have, hold, habeo, 
teoeo ; bear, carry, bear up ; keep : 
keep a house, inhabit; hold, keep 
backy restrain^ cohibeo, inhibeo, pro- 
liibeo. "Exo^at, i(rxofiat, I hold to, 
adhere to, keep close to, am conti- 
guous to. — Fr. fut. ?Jw are sexus, sex ; 
fr. pp. gicrai is hectic. See e^is. From 
pm. o\a is ep-och. See ev-oxff. ^Os 


Fern, of cToipos, Aarof Kal Nu$/3a 
fi&Xa fiky ^/Xai ^<ray irdipai^ Sappho 

'Ereos : see before eraSto 

"Errjs : a friend, companion. — Fr. 
eros, true. A true friend. L. derives 
it immediately fr. ^<o. Qui est, adest.''^ 
See ^ralpos 

'Errirvfios : for irvfios. See iros 
before irdSut 

'Erijaiai, ol: the Etesian winds. 
• Fr. iros, a year ; being yearly or 
anniversary* winds, such as our sea- 
men call monsoons, and trade-winds, 
which in some parts of the world con- 
tinue blowing for stated seasons of 
the year,' EB. 

"En: yet more, still further, yet, 
still. — Hence et, as ' ut' for * uti* 

irvos, €os : pottage. — Perhaps for 
ihyos, fr. ihut. Hvrpas iryovs bv* 1j rpeis,^^ 
Aristoph. "Ehoy eryos croi/Jioy 

"Erotfios, erotfxof : prepared, ready, 
yap cLy i^JI* bodiitrerat avrf, Kai os ay ready to hand and for use. — Fr. hat 

P^ '^XV* *^'*' ^ ioKci e^eiv, apdrjacrai air 
ah-ov9 NT. 

"Earta : within. — Fr. es, as ^{ai fr. ef. 
See els 

'Eros, irebs, irvfios : *** true. — Fr. 
irai pp. of ib), I am. That which is, 
which is the fact. Hence etymo-logy " 

'Era^fif: I search or examine into 
the truth, prove, try. — Fr. Ms. "Hro- 
&ty h 0eos rov ^apaiii eraajJiols /xeyd- 
\ou,'* LXX. 

iralpos: a friend, companion. — 
Allied to €Tfjs. ^vs re eras Kal eral- 
povs, Horn. 

"Erepos : the one of the two ; the 
other ; another ; other, different. 
'Eripois er^pwy ipws, Some like one 
thing, some another. — Hence Lat. 
*et cetera,' and the other things. 
Hetiee also hetero-dox,^^ heiero-ge* 

pp. of ^fai. Qui est, adest, L. Sd 
irvfios comes from the same source. 
Dm. derives it fr. erai pp. of iu). I. e. 
that which is ready to be sent 

"Eros, eos: a year. — Els eros !{ 
ireos, Theocr. From year to year. Sec 
€Ti](Tiai, the Etesian winds 

*£ros: rashly; and, by way of con- 
sequence, in vain. — Fr. ?rai pp. of 
iio, eo, I go. Dm. So trijs is, rash, fr. 
"irai pp. of Ita, CO. So fxarriy is, 
rashly, in vain, fr. /xifjiaTat pp. of /ji&ta, 
I move. The sense of rashness does 
not appear in its derivative 'auto-ma- 
ton.' Motion in these words supposes 
rapid, rash, precipitate motion 

"Ervfios : see eros before h&Sttf 

'Ertaarioi: vain, useless. — Fr. hos, 
in vain 

E5: well. — For Iv, neuter of ebs, 
good. * JBtt,* prob^,' Plant. Hence 

iraipa: a female friend or com- euge, well done; eu-pkony,^'' eu-lo- 
panioD.- A mistress, courtesan. — g!/»^^ ev-ayyeXiov, ev-angelium '^ 

4 Tbey burnt on the altar unwearied fire. 

5 Fr. ^ffXA'* I adhere. One who hangs on 
at the end, L. 

6 The last evils of the last, the extremity of 

7 I am the first and the last. 

8 Many first shall he last, and last first. 

9 For to him, who has, it shall he given ; 
and firom him, who has not, even what he seems 
to haye shall be taken away. 

10 As vXifivphs fr. w\ri0hs, TH. 

11 A discourse or account of the true origin 
of words. 

12 God tried Pharaoh with great tempta- 

13 Of different opinions from those re- 
ceived. A($|a, opinion. 

14 Dissimilar in kind or nature. T4vo5, 

16 Some derive it fr. ^tos, a year. One of 
the same years. Dm. derives it fr. fOw. 

16 Two or three vessels of pottage. 

17 From ^H), voice. 

18 From \Syos, word. 

19 Good announcement, good news. 




ev, a prefix : "well, bene. Also, 
easily. Thus ei-awo-fiaros, easy to 
land oil ; ev-Trevros, easy to digest ; ev- 
-'Tretdf/s, easy to be persuaded. Hence 
6v seems to have acquired the sense 
o(y lightly, heedlessly, carelessly. 
' We learn from the EMf. that those 
were ironically called ev-wpoi 
(caring well for), who absolutely cared 
nothing for what they were engaged 
in. Hence ev-oipoi, losing entirely its 
primary sense^ at length signified, 
negligent,* Bl. 

Evabor: for ifabov, eahov, the 
original form of ijbov, a. 2. of &bio = 
&h€b}, I please 

Eva^ctf : I cry evoi or chav, evoe, evan, 
the sound made by those who were 
celebrating the rites of Bacchus. — 
* Evantes orgia circum Ducebat Phry- 
gias,' Virg. 

Ev-SeieXoi: clearly manifest or 
known, conspicuous, celebrated ,-^For 

Eh'bia: fine weather, serenity of 
the air. — Fr. A«s, Aios, (Jupiter, 
the air,) wh. Lat. dium, * Fr. evbios 
perhaps flowed Lat. sudvs, which 
Festus derives fr. 'seudus,' sine udo/ 

Eibidios : a word occurring in Plu- 
tarch, but corrupt 

€vbij,^° evbdrw I I repose, sleep. — 
EvbeiSf *Arpios vU', • . . .Oh ^pj) iray-vv' 
\iov evbeiy fiov\ri-<^6pov tivbpa,^ Honi. 

Ev-€ffr«li : prosperity. — Generally 
derived fr. eardui = araof, wh. sto. A 
good state of things. ' It is plain,' 
says BL, ' that it is derived fr. earri, 
Vesta, even from the compound aw 
'etTTi),'^ a feast, in Herodotus' 

€V'rid})s : ' sometimes said of good 
manners, sometimes of foolish; as 
Lat. simplex,' Bl. In the latter sense 
it signifies, of light heedless manners. 
See eh prefix and Jjdos 

ev'Oerio) and 'Orfvew : I have a heap 
of good things; abound. — Fr. 9j)v= 
' EhQvs, eldvs, iSvs: straight, not 

20 Allied to Ua, L. I sit in a calm repose. 
-^ 1 Do you sleep, son of Atreus ? It is not 
rigfht that a counsellor should sleep all the 

2 In Herodotus it is aw'tarla, 

3 Shall I go straight (towards) your mother 
and your house ? 

4 Unless it may be referred to Kri\4w, 

oblique. EhSv, eWu, iOv, straightly, di- 
rectly, immediately. — ^'I0v erfis ixrirpos 
lia Koi aoio \b6fioio\^ Hom. These 
words come fr. edtiv, eWriy, Wrjy a. 1. p. 
of 60), etoi, *ia>, I go. See elOap 

Evdvvio: I make straight or right 
(rectum); I direct; correct, rectify; 
I exact a corrt^ct account of matters, 
as from a public officer; I punish 
deviations from the right administra- 
tion of offices. Hence evOuyai were 
the accounts which magistrates were 
obliged to return on retirement from 
office. — Fr. ehdvs 

Eif'ios : an epithet of Bacchus, from 
the sound cvol made by the Baccha- 
nals. — ' Dissipat Eviua Curas edaces,' 

EvKcdvov bpvos: an uncertain and 
probably corrupt reading in Plutarch 

EijKrjXos : quiet. — For eKrjXos * 

Ev-i;o\os : opposed to bva-KoXos 

ev'Xafiiojiai : See below 

ev'XaPijs : ' Said of those, who lay 
hold of glass or such other vessels 
with great circumspection, through 
fear of breaking them,' 5 Vk. Hence 
eifXafiiojiai is, I am circumspect, cau- 
tious; I beware. 'It signifies also, 
one who can be easily laid hold of. 
So a dove is called by £., evXapijs 
opvis. On the contrary, an eel, which 
from its smoothness easily glides from 
the hand, is called clCJov it-Xafies,' 
Vk. — Fr. eXajSov a. 2. of X»)/3tt» 

EvXac : worms. — For cXal fr. iXv, 
I roll. Hence ai6Xai ehXat, Horn., 
rolling worms 

EvXaVa: a ploughshare. — Fr. eJ- 
Xa{=avXn£, a furrow, L. ^Apyvpi^ 
evXaKtjf. evXaleiy,^ Thucyd. 

evXrjpa, wy : reins, lora. — -linroi iaoi 
TrapolTepni, at to Trapos irep, EvfjiifjXov* h^ 
b* ahros (L\iMiy evXrjpa j^e/irfKef'^ Hom. 

eirXoy^os: fortunate, happy. — Fr. 
XAoyx<* pm. of Xiy)(w=Xdy\tMf. I. e. 
having a good lot 

ev'fjiapris : easy ; gentle. — Fr. fiaptf, 
the hand ; as ev-x^pijs fr. ^e/p. I. e. 
easy to take in hand or handle. "Epos 

5 * So many words,' says Vk., * are neces- 
sary to explain the meaning of this word. By 
this we may estimate the value of the lan- 
guage.' ^ 

6 To plough with a silver ploughshare. 

7 The horses of Eumelus are at the head, 
as they were before ; and he rides himself in 
the chariot with the reins in his hands.* 




• ./Of ^e^F avbpwi^ ev-fiapitas viro- 
-bafivarai,^ Theocr. 

Evytf : a bed, couch. Used also for 
an anchor : I believe, says St., from 
its making the ship rest. — Hence evr- 
ov)^os, (fr. extif, keep) a eunuch. Such 
persons were selected to the charge 
of princes* chambers 

evvis : ^ bereft. — "Os fjC viwv woWCJv 
re Kal evOX&y eiyiy edr/ce^'^ Horn. 

Evy-ov^os : see ehy)) 

lEihoil see evios 

€V'ir€Tris: easy; light. — Fr. TrtTuf, 
I fall. A metaphor taken from dice 
falling, Bl. See ev preiix 

eh-vlyeta : neatness, elegance, and 
grace of composition. — * Fr. rrivps, oil 
with which wrestlers used to make 
their bodies glisten,* Crn. ' Ilivos 
seems here not to signify, squalidness, 
but that property by which words 
smell of antiquity. Dionysius : Xprj- 
fiaeri ^flaOai 0(\6i oh toIs ap^aiO'Vpe- 
veararots, ohb* oarots f) (rejuivorrfs Tts, i) 
fiapoSf TJ vivos vpoa-eaTiv,* Pearce 

ev'Trpvo-irosi easy of — Fr. 
^rai pp. of i[(ii=e(tf, eo 

Eihpvs : " broad, wide, ample. — 
Tpolqy evpv-ayviav,^^ Horn, 

evpal: broad>wise, opposed to long* 
wise. — Fr. evpvs. 2r^ 5' evpix^ trvy 
bovpifXadwy '' Ayafikfivova hlov Nufe 
ii fiiy.Kara X^ipa jjiariv, Horn. Some 
absurdly take it for nXevpa^, by the 
side, fr. vXevpa 

Ev/MTTos : the Euripus, a celebrated 
strait between Euboea and Boeotia, 
which Livy thus describes : ' Non sep- 
ties die, sicut fama fert, temporibus 
statis reciprocat, sed tern ere in mo- 
dum venti, nunc hue, nunc illuc verso 
marly velut monte prxcipiti devolutus 
torrens rapitur; ita nee nocte, nee 
die quies navibus datur.' Hence it is 
used for, inconstant, mutable. So 
also for any strait, canal, or aqueduct 

Evpiw, evpiaKta : I find, find out. — 
'EvprjKa, evpTiKa, (I have found out, I 

8 Lore wbich easily subdues the minds of 

9 The Grammarians absurdly derive it fr. 
c&, Ms, Bl. 

. 10 Who has made roe bereft of many good 

11 For fyhs fr. Ip«, I draw. Drawn out, L. 

12 Troy which has broad streets. 

18 Cfn discovering the 47th Proposition of 

14 On discovering the solution of Hicro's 

have found out,) were the exciamations 
of Pythagoras '^ and of Archimedes.'^ 
Hence Prior personifies evpriKa : * With 
daring pride and insolent delight, Your 
doubts resolved you boast, your 
labors crowned : And, Evpr/Ka, your 
God forsooth is found Incomprehen- 
sible and infinite*'^ 

kv'ppriv, ijFos; and kv-^privosi a- 
boundingin lambs. — Tola Hafiiray ki- 
'pprfvos T€ Kat€V'(hroSy^^ Ap. Rh. 

cirpois, (oTos, 6: filthhiess, mouldi* 
ness. — For epois, fr. epw, traho, attraho, 
contrabo. I'hat which adheres to 
things and is contracted by theroi 

'Evs : good. — See e5 

evre : when, ore ; since ; as when, 
as if, etre 

ev-reXris I one of light expenses or 
income, requiring light expenses or 
income; saving, spare; moderate; 
vile ; small. — Fr. riXos, See ev prefix 

ev'TpaireXos : opposed to bvaTpd'^ 

€v-rp€7rt)s: turned into a good di- 
rection, well directed ; easily turning, 
pliant ; directing the mind easily to 
any thing, ready, prepared. — Fr. rphria 

Ev-<i>p6yri : the night, as well adapt- 
ed to reflection. — Fr. (ppoviut. Hence 
the proverb 'Ev vvktI fiovXt) 

Et/xofta<>'^ iofiai: I demand; de- 
mand favor of the Gods by prayers 
and vows, I pray, vow. *The an- 
cients,' says Crombie, ' regarded their 
vows and sacrifices as constituting a 
CLAIM to forgiveness.' Also, I de- 
mand for myself, assume, arrogate, 
avxiiit, I affirm, i. e. I speak so as 
to demand credence to be given me.-— 
From irap-evxofiai Cr. derives precor, 
Tols 0eoi« €V)(Ofiai vdfft Kal Trdaais, 
&c,'* Demosth. 

Evw : 1 burn, broil, singe. — ' Hence 
uro. So ' nurusV fr. yvos,^ Vat So 
' rauris' fr. gen. fivos. Evaros, ustus 

Ev'ijjyvfjios: having a good narne. 

problem of the adulterated crown. 

15 On the words in Exodus: 'I am what 
I am.' 

16 A land entirely abounding in lambs and 
fitted for pasturage. 

17 For Ixojuat, lADHEREto any one with 
prayers and vows, L. Rather, I hold for my- 
self, vindicate, assert my claim, S. 

18 I pray all the Cods and Goddesses that 


EYn K 

A word often expressive of llie re- 
verse; mid signifj>ing, having a bail 
name, unlucky, left. Hence apjiIieH 
lo tlie left lianil.- — Fr. uro/ia, \vb. i7-b- 

t6-ii>pot : see ev 

Eli-uj^fv: I receive with good 
clieer, entertain wilK a banquet. — 
Fr. ixii. Bene alios habeo seii iracto 

'£^-Jr>js : one who sends or en- 
joins. — Fr. ?roi pp. of gcu, IseniJ 

'E^-er/u): a commission, com- 
mand. — See above 

e^fldw: I biiil, bake, — Fr. lipdriy a. 
1. p. of girru, fut. ti^ui, »h. i^Liui 

cift-opoi'. the £;jAor'i orcliief iiiagis- 
Irates at Sparta. — Fr. epau 

'E'jit-Xri: the part of the plougli 
wtiicli a ploughman (c'x^O liolds in 
his hand 

'Ex6h, yBh: the day contiguous 
to the present, yesterday.— Fr. ^x^'''' 
a. 1 . of ^xpl""- !■ ^- ^^^ ^'•'y l">ldii>g 
nn or contiguous to the present. Fr. 
yOts are possibly Am (the old form 
of heri), and hestternus, kestemus 

'Ex9o(. eoi : hatred.— Fr. ix^rtv a. 
I.oflx";""- 1-^- hatred adhering 
nr clinging to the mind. Hence ex- 
6p6s, inimical. 'Avri/ief iydpai yKunr- 

iyfiohoviis: 'for exS^-^foi fr. exSos 
and □i/', onds. One who speaks in a. 
hostile manner,' Dm. Or Son-oi is » 
termination. Comp. nvhoilonaa 

'ExiSi ihoi, loi, 11 ; E-)(ibya : a ser- 
pent, viper, adder, — 'Capit inseius 
heros, Induiturque hunieris Lernaesc 
vims Kehidnee,' Ov. 

'Exleiav: adder'a-wort or adder'a- 
tongue. — Fr. ?x'' 

FxTi'oc : a hedgeliog, urchin ; a 
prickly lish. 'Oliai \w)iyiievTa hifint 
KevTpouTiv ix'tov, Epigr. Also, h vessel 
or pot, perhaps from its engravings, 
or fr'ira its form. ' Astat eckinar 
Vilis, cum pater^ gultus,' Hor. Aho, 
a bit or bridle. ' Xenophon indicates 
Is name liy the epithet 
djut; it being rough, like the hedge- 
hog,' St. 
'E-x't' see before ex'f"' 

ixvpus: strong, secure. — Fr. ^x^t 
I hold, hold fast. Or, 1 hold i>ff. 



The same as I'xu and icx'>'i wh. 
and icxypis 

"Exw: See after eox"™' 

.>: -O^x-". one «iio has (wealth). 
Oi expvTfs, those who have (a home), 
those who dwell in any place. 'Exu 
eSi-vdinus irpos of, 1 am well-afFecled 
lawurds yon. Ouriiic ^x" ^vewi, I 
am of this nature. Kfxit ?vu., 1 hold 
(myseinill, I am ill. Ta eS Sx^-ra, 
things becnming or oipediEnt. Slxpy 
&u<j>'i Toira, they were engaged Hbffiit 
these things. 'Exui H\aac, I have 
bound ; or, I hold bound. Tu vSv ejpr, 
the time which is now, "Exu fpdi 
nvci rtiTni', 1 hold (ray course) lo any 
place. Til Ixnvra wpos TilXe/ioj', things 
appertaining to war. Out Ix" weimi- 
Scvfiivovs, whom I hold or reckon 
(habco) learned. 'Ex' ^irux™. ^ 

'Eipiui : I boil, bake. — See ytnLot 

'E\l,iai>,ia, : I rail at, BCofF.'— Fr. 
i<pim ; which, from the idea of dress- 
ing or roasting, received that of as- 
sailing with invective, J. 

'Eil; ee/it, ci^i: I am., thon 
art. 'Eart, est, he is 

"EH; effii, el/iti tu), lia), tr)fit: M, 
I go, am going. Fr, 'irat pp. of 'mh 
Lat. iter 

'Ell,'h>,('eu.-. I send, throw, strike. — 
Fr. ha p. of 'bj is probably Lat. ieo, 

"EH: I put on, clothe.— Fr. pp. 
iarai is vestts, vest. Fr. clfiat pp, of 
tiai=^lla is el/in, a giimiCUt. 'Ajt^' 
t'l'jinta liraav, Honi. 

'ESI: 1 place down, seat down. — 
Hence eSia, a. 2. ebov, wh. tbos, and 
iedes as ' sex' fr. e£ 

euXoi: of yesterday, old, obsolete. 
— Fr, Suis, left to (he morning of the 
following day. Suid Compare aipioy. 
"HaBpa Kal lw\.a ioyfiara, Gregory 

'Eatpa : a suspended cord. — Fr. E«- 
pos, wh. fier-^oipoi and meteor. See 

Ims : the same as t)iit 

euis:'" as long as, as far as. — 
Fr. liaa-Kc usque is supposed lo be 
derived. 'O O^rpo. eIjtc- Kipie, to- 
oaKtt AftapHiati cU i/it 6 aitX^s ftov, 
Ktil &ij)-i'ii7a aiiry; eus enraKu ; Aiyei 

mpense foia 30 GenerallyidealiSedKltb £t, Batkm 

airii 6 'Ii}«ov<' Ov \iyu ooi, i»is hrroKit, aXX* Iw ifiiofaiKoyrint htra,' NT. 


Z': 7. Z,: 7000. As e 18 5, it west wind 

would be natural to suppose that S! Z^u : 1 boil, simmer ; I am hot.— > 

would be 6. But there is a particular — Fr. the letter $, which represents 

mark to represent 6 the sound of thing;s simmering : zzzz. 

Za : an augmentative prefix. Thus There appear to have been other forms 

fr. wXovrosp riches, is ^d-nXovros, ver^ - ^dw, $6v, ^i/w 

rich. * Ipse nescit quid habeat. Adeo ZfjXos: heat, fervor, zeal; emula- 

sop/if^tM est,' Petronius. — For^m. So tion ; envy; glory or happiness, as 

perhaps ' per* in ' permagnus.' Aia causing envy. — For ^ieXos fr. S^w, I 

became ia, then ca. So bupKus became am hot. H. zeal tLnd Jealous 

SopK6i$ Zrjfjila : a loss ; loss of goods or 

ZAytXii: a sickle. — Some suppose life by fine or penalty. — *Nemini 

it put for SaycvXii fr. $a and ayicvXiy, credo, qui larg^ blandus est dives 

curved pauperi. Ubi manum injlcit benign^, 

Zouff : very blowing. — ^Fr. ^a and ibi onerat aliquam zamiam*^ Plant. 

&ia Zj)v, vos : a form of Zevr, Jove 

Z6\ri : boiling or agitation of the Zfiriia : I seek, search for, pursue 

sea; agitation of the wind. — Allied an enquiry. — Fr, Icfijrat pp. of ^cw; 

to vnXwy (jtalum,) wh. bcrdXos and from the heat and ardor of enquiry, 

S6Xos, S. Or fr. kdia. See ^iu) L. From e^ffrrirai pp. of $ririut are 

^aipeXijs : very simple and plain, the Zetetics^ and the Zetetic Philo* 

— Fr. ^a and ^feX^s sophy 

Zcua,^ ctS>i iunttf ^fjfii : I live. — ^ipvvri : the same as aifivyif 

Hence £u}ov, an animal ; wh.zoo-logi/, Ziyylfiepis: zingiber, ginger 

AndS^biov,2L little animal; wh. zo- $i$dvia: tares. — ^'O ix^pos iaweipe 

diac ^ 5i5Ai'ia 6,pa iiiaov tov alrov,"^ NT. 

-5c: primarily for -erbe, as 'A6^- Zotftos: darkness, yv6<l>os; the west, 

vaa-be^ 'Adfiva-ke. Afterwards it was the seat of darkness. — Nvwos So^oy 

used for 'be ; as 'OXv/iTr/a-^e for ahov exovaa, Hesiod 

*OXv/iir/a-Se. See -Se * Zoto,^ ^wyvvw^ Siljyyvfii : I gird.— ^ 

$ia, Seia : a kind of corn. — Uvpoi Hence ^uvrif a zone or girdle 

re Seial re, Horn. ^vyaarpoy : a chest. — Fr. iSvyov 

Seipai a kind of garment, the na- a. 2. of ^ei/yoi. Consisting of pieces of 

ture of which is disputed. — Ka\ $€ipas wood joined together. Ta bk &XXa 

futxpt Toi&y €v\ Tuty iTrrrwy elxoy, dXK xP^/xara napa-bexofxiyovs ky S.vyda-' 

o{r yXafci/6a;, Xen. rpois ffT^aayras kif iLfid^ris KoiAl^eiy^ 

£j€vy(a,^ ^€vyyiiu, ^evyvvfit : I Xen. 

join. — H.jugOfjugum.jungo Zvy 6s, ^uyoyijugum, a yoke by 

Zeifs : Jupiter. — For Aei/s=Als, which two horses were joined ; for 

(gen. Aiof) and Deus, Jupiter has one yoke was common to two horsies 

been supposed to be derived fr. Zevs whose necks were inserted into it. 

fari^p, i. e. ZevTraDjp Also, a bench of rowers,' as Lat. 

Zi<pvpos: zephyrus, zephyr, the jugum: ' Inde alias animas, quae per 

1 Peter said : Master, how often shall my 4 For i€&y<o, fr. Stio &yco. Dm. 
hroUier offend against me, and I remit it to 5 For, aliquk zamiA, 

him ? till seven times ? Jesus says to him : I 6 Who like the Pyrrhonists professed to 

say not to yoa« till seven dmes, but till seventy seek truth, though they never found it, Mor. 

times seven. 7 The enemy sowed tares through the mid- 

2 Supposed to be the same as ^tw. From die of the corn. 

the HBAT of the animal blood. 8 I make my body warm. Allied to {VW, 

S For almost all the signs of the zodiac are L. 

represented under the names and figures of 9 Quia trabes transverssB in navi conjvh-* 

animals, Mor, cunt duos parietes navis, Dm. 


jugaioiig^ sedebant, Deturbat,* Virg. 
There were three benches, called by 
specific names. Those, who sat ia 
the middle bench, were called ^v- 
yirai, Zvyos seems hence to have 
been applied to a rank of soldiers. 
It was also, the beam of a balance, 
Yikejugum, which was hence applied 
to the sign of the Scales: ' Romam, 
Injugo cum esset luna, natam esse 
dicebant,' Cic. And, a shoe-string. — 
Fr. iivyoy a. 2. of ^evyoi 

$,vyo$ : Tov V evpoy iftpkva repirSfie' 
yov (fiSpfiiyyi Xiyeiy, evl 6' apyi^peos 
$vycs ^cv, Horn. Translated, the head 
of the violin, the part which was held 
in the left hand 

. Zuyudpi^fa: I weigh. — Fr. Icvyw- 
dtiv a. 1 . p. of ^vyow fr. ^vyov, the 
beam of a balance 

Siiyudpoy : a bar which joins 
folding doors together. — Fr. kivywOqv 
a. 1. p. of ^vyo<tf=^i/y(ii, vih.jungo. 
Unless it is for ^vyia-Ovpov fr. Svpa 
. Zvdos : ale, strong beer. — Fr. eSv- 
dijv a. 1. p. of (Svtai *°=5^a*. From its 
fervor or fermentation^ L. Columella 

104 ZYM 

has ' pocula ziftki * ' 

Zu/iij: fermentation, leaven. — Fr. 
e^vfiai pp. of 5uw=5^(tf, ferveo, wh. 
fervimcutum, fermentum, L. "A^Svpoi 
ApTos, unleavened bread 

Zwj), S6ri: life. — Fr. itiut aind 

Zwypew : I take alive in war. — Fr. 
$m6s, alive, and aypeta, I take as a 

Ztjjypeuf : I raise life, or, I collect 
life, resuscitate, revive. — Fr. Sviyr 
Iypa)=€y6/pai or dypttf^ayeipot 

Ztdfios : broth, pottage ; seasoning. 
— Fr. iSuffiai pp. of ^6ta:=:Sita, I sim- 
mer. Zu)fi6s seems to have signified 
tlie juice of things cooked ; and 
thence to have been applied to crumbs 
of bread, &c, mixed with it, L. Zif 
fX€v6eyT€s kv h\\ koX eXai^, Dioscor. 
Seasoned with salt and oil 

Ziovvvw : see $6«o 

Ziapos : pure, unmixed ; applied to 
wine, &c. — For ^oepos, fr. Sow, in the 
sense either of $aw or of Sea». Alive, 
vivid ; or fervent, T6v olror ev-Sia- 
pov <l>t\ov(n, Aristoph. 


H': 8. H/. 8000 

*H : or *H Alas ij *lhofji€V€vs j) Bios 
•OWacvs," Hom. ^'H . , . 7/ . . ., whe- 
ther. ..or; as, he asked me whe- 
ther I would choose this or that. 
One of these is often omitted, and tj 
signifies, whether 

*H : than. This sense is derived 
from that of, or. ' He asked me 
whether I would choose a virtuous 
man. for a friend more, ?/, or a vicious 
man/ whether I would choose the one 
more than the other. From having 
thus acquired the meaning of, tlian^ rj 
seems to have retained it in cases 
where * than' and ' or' are not com- 
mutable. ' I wish the people to be 
preserved more rj, than, that they 
should perish' 

^H: certainly.— ^H .«ro0os, ij ao(l>6s 
^y Of," &c., ^sch. 

' 10 Compare x^ ^^^ X^* 

11 Either Ajax or Idomeneus or the divine 
J2 Certainly Vfise, certainly wise was he 

ij, 71, aidtira, Aristoph. : Hist, hist, 
be silent 

^ or^: by what (way), how. — Iht 
fern, of 6s 

?]: he said— ^H pa, Kai ef o^ibiv trdp 
Tev^ecriv aXro ^a/ia^e,'^ Hom. See Jk 

^I3ai6s: the same as /3acds 

"HjSi;: youth. — Hence Hebe, the 
goddess of youth: ' Wreath'd smiles, 
Such as sit on Hebe's cheeks,' Milton. 
Hence also eph-ebus : * Quo pacto 
partes tutetur amantis eph-ebi,* Hor. 

ijyadeos : very divine ; very great, 
eminent, &c. — *Es HuXoy iiyaBhfy, 
Hom. Perhaps fr. fiyav and ^€o« 

'Hy^o/iat : I lead, conduct; com- 
mand, govern ; think, as Lat. ' duco.' 
— Fr. //yew, traced to T^yov a. 2. of 

'Hye/nwr, oyos : a leader, governor. — 
See above 

who &c. 

13 He said, and leapt from Lis chariot with 
his arms to the ground. 




'HyepittfiyepiBiai I assemble. — Fr. 
4yepov a. 2. of aytlpta 

ilhk: See^fA^v 

"Hhrii now; already; presently. — 
Perhaps for ^*e,'* i. e. rp&e rjf ^p^, in 
this hour, Pkh. 

'HSvs: pleasant, sweet, agreeable; 
sweet to the taste. Foolish, silly. 
'This last meaning was given at first 
ironically and afterwards used seri- 
ously/ R. 'il ^Siflre, O you silly fellow. 
— Fr. ^hov a. 2. of &6i#=d6^(ki, I please 

'HSoi^: pleasure, delight. — ^AUied 

•H^ : or. — ^The same as H 

*'H^i)^: alas, alas 

'HIXcos: See ifKiot 

*Hep^Oiii: I suspend; am in sus- 
pense; am agitated, unsettled, un- 
fixed. — Fr. ff€|x»v a. 2. of Ae/pw 

^H6te, €os : manners, morals, dispo- 
sition, temper, habit ; political insti- 
tntions. — ^H. ethicM. * Scribendi coco- 
e#*«t/*' Juv. 

'H6o«, €os : an abode.— I. e. a place 
to which we are habituated or accus- 
tomed. Seel^ff 

"'Hdw, fut. 4cr« ; and iiBkia : I pass 
through a strainer, strain. — As TrpijOw 
and irpiw, ickffita and nrkkw, are seve- 
rally allied ; so ^ is probably allied 
to Im or 2w, I go or send ; and put for 
^-^Ow, I make to go through, or I 
send through. * Oleum trans-mis- 
sUMp^coluro,' Scriboniua. *Aqua 
per colom tRans-iens,' Pliny 

"Hea, ^v : provisions for a journey, 
viatica.— For l«a=€la, fir. et«a=l«, eo 

'HtOeos: a yoath, young man. Some- 
times used in the sense of one who 
remains unmarried. 'HtOeoi y^^tav re 
iyt^ Z6mv, Plato. *A young un- 
married man, aays EM., from 14 to 
18. But this is too confined, smce 
persons in a state 6i celibacy are so 
called,' R.— For &te€os=ataeo« ; fr. 
a1<k», L. i'ervens juvent^ ^^ 

Ifio^i the same as l/ycos 

•Hal»>^, 69os^ h : a shore.— For Aiiliv 
fr.d^«»s^9»» I blow. A place exposed 
to the blasts of the wind 

^Hica, ?ita: submissively, quietly; 
insensibly, imperceptibly. "Hictcrra, 

14 So 28€ for r^a* r# rp&Kif. 

16 Bad habit. Kaic&5,bad. 

16 Ccrfnpar* al{i|^s. 

17 ''HXe/rrpoK, amber, having the quality 

very insensibly, in so small a manner 
that it cannot be perceived; in the 
least, scarcely at all. So Hkkttos is, 
the smallest or least. — Fr. ^ica a. 1. of 
l«a ; as ' sub-miss^* fr. ' mitto' 

"'HceoTos : not yet goaded ; applied 
to oxen not yet used in the plough. — 
For &-<iiceerro£, fr. &k^w, fr. &in), a point 
or goad 

"Hkittos : the least .-^See ^jca 

"Hjcw, {<tf : I am come, am arrived ; 
I come. — ^The same as (tKia, See kniav 
before ^rari 

^rw [lirl voKv\ Tfjs naibelas and ^ica> 
€& [e. 9r.] r. X. : I have attained much 
instruction. E2 i^fcen, I have attained 
a good state. Tldfipta [Ixi] r?s ^Xixlas 
iJKiay, much advanced in age 

^HXalyta, HXaaKw, ^XaaicaSw : I wan- 
der, rove about; I roll round ; I avoid. 
— For dXalvuf &c. ; formed fr. dX<ia>. 
See AXdofiac and &Xiia 

^XaKarri : a distalf ; anything in its 
form, as a reed, mast, arrow. 'HXd- 
Kara, lav, the threads winding round 
a distaff. — Fr. ffXaica p. of i^Xden, I 
roll round. *AXX* eh oUov lovtra tcl 
aavTfjs ipya K6/iiS€, 'lffT6y r' ^Xaxarfiy 
Tc, Horn. Xpvo'-i^Xdicaros is translated 
sometimes, having a golden distaff; 
sometimes, having a golden arrow 

"HXeKTpoy: electrum, amber. — H. 
electric, electricity '^ 

'HXim-opp, opos: the suu. — For d- 
XiKTwp ; fr. a and XixTpoy ; because it 
rolls round without rest or sleep ; or 
because on its rising it rouses man 
from his bed. Dm. Hence Fac. de- 
rives ijXeKTpov ; amber shining like the 
sun. See above 

*HXos, ijXtbs, '^Xifiaros, ijXlStos: wan- 
dering in mind, silly, foolish ; making 
foolish; wandering from the mark, 
ineffectual. — For dXos, dXeos, &c., fr. 
aXiia, dXoi, dXe^ac pp. of dX^oi, &Xl6triy 
a. 1. p. of dX/m ; allied to AXduf, &\d' 
oftai, &c. Compare dXios 

"HXcOa: ineffectually, in vain, or 
rashly ; profusely, copiously. — See 
above. Some derive ijXida in its latter 
sense fr. dXc$ 

fiXUos: how great, or how little; 
of what extent, and of what age ; as 

when wanned by {riction of attracting bodies, 
gave to one species the name of electricity ; 
and to the bodies, -^at so attract, the epithet 
ekciric, T. 


gieal; of aa great age, ofLiKEage; 
ofgrealage, advaiii^ud in years.— Fr. 
aXiwa p. of AXiw (wli. AX;«u), I take; 
whii:]], like Lai. ' tupio,' is applied lo 
measure or capacity, L. 

ijXui'q : ina^iiituiie, stature, age ; 
full grnwlh, mauliooJ; age, olil «ge ; 
the present age or geueralioii. — See 

^Xi£, ijcoi: of LIKE years, of like 
age. — -See fiXUoc 

"HAIOI, ftiXiBs : the sun.— H. the 
helio-irope,'^ Helio-poHs," and the 
astronomical terras heliacal, op-kt- 
lion, peri-htlioH 

'HXiai'a: n court of judgment al 
Alliens which met iu the open wir. — 
Fr. i/Xioi. Exposed to -the. ^UD. Ueihce 
ilXiaaofiai, 1 Judge in the ftXia/a ; 
whence Aristoph. says fucetloualy, 
?;Xia(rei jrpos ^Xiof 

);\ii^, n-oi : a shoe. — G. ludicrously 
derives it fr. a and Xfiroi, the fat of 
oil : ' because the leather is greased, 
or because the ancients anointed their 
feel.' El's upoE OKX epjreit, /lii ay-a\nros 
gpyeo, Bdrre," Theocr. 

^Xnt: a nail, stud; a callous ex- 
crescence, like the head of nails.— 
Per EeXot fr. Iiu.' That which is 
sent or driven in, cf^oi ipyvpo-ttKor,'^ 

TJXliyri : darkness. See Xiyij 

•llXiatoy.' Elysiam, the seat of 
the blest 

'IWvats: movement,approacb. — Fr. 
^Xuaat pp. of kXvQu. See tXeuftu 

'H/in, aioi : a throw, cast. — Tv. 
iVoi pp. of iu, 

'Hfiai : 1 ait, tarry. — For Se/iai or 
eafiai middle of eijfu^eiui aud fai. 
I.e. I seat myself 

'H^ap, OTDE ; and {i^cpa : a day. — 
Heuce ep-hemeral, lasting but a day. 
See ijjitpos 

^fijJpoTov : from d/*/Jpdriu^o/3p<irai, 
1 miss my way in the ^/IporTfor night; 
1 stray, wander from my point. Some 
suppose it put for ^ftparov for ^/iaproy 
fr. AfiapTU 

IB A plant Hhich tiirai (award) Ihc sun ; 
hut more jiSi-ticuliirly the turn-sol or sun- 
flOHBf, T. From T^Tpmro pni. of rfiwu. I 

19 The cUj of Uie Gun, a city of lower 
Egypt, uikis, a city. 

ao When you gn lo tl ' * " 

grj Hithnul EhoL'o, Bat'"' 

106 HME 

'HMEIi:: we. 'Hftot, our.— Corap. 

ifiov. if^As 

'HfieKrim : I am annoyed or vexed 
with. — Derived by some from ijfieta 
p. of ifiiai, 1 vomit, nauseate. Ot *■- 

Kaiiet irfpi-jjfieKriavrn t^ lovKoffiiyp, 

'H-iiii- . . . ^-St : answering to 'cum 
. . , turn,' ' el . . . el.' So ^ei- am) ii 
are perpetually opposed. 'H/iiy Oeo* 

■^hk icalayipa, Hom. 

'H^^pa: see ^/lap 

'Hjitpos : quiel, placid, mild ; tnild 
opposed to savage ; cultivated, op- 
posed lo wild.— Fr. ^ftai, 1 sit. Sit- 
ting quiet and peaceable. ' 'H^epais, 
properly, a placid day,' L. 

'H/iepic, iios, ii I B cultivated vine. 
— -Fr. 0fifpoi 

'H/iirrposl OUT. — Fr. Si/iett 

^jii: 1 say. — Supposed to be put 
for ^tinL See ^v and ?} 

'ti fii'. a prefix ; signifying, half. — 
H. hemisphere ; and semi aa in teati- ' 
circle. Put for ij/Kini 

'llfi/i'a; the half of a sextarius. — 
Fr. Tt/ii. ' Sese aliqnem credens, Italo 
qu6(l honore aupinus Fregerit heml- 
nas' &c., Pers. ' Heminas recipil ge- 
minas sextarius unus,' Rhemn. Fann. 

q/ii'OvDii a half ass, a mule. — Ft. 

"H/,'"": half.— See hfi- 'Hfitavfii' 
n^pirai, ijfiiiTi, b' 'Aaavpioi, Callim. 

i|^n-Ta\ay^oy■. \a\f a talent. 'Tplror 
^^i-rdXai'Toi', two talents and a half. 
I. e. the first a talent, the second a 
talent, the ihird a half talent. So 
Lat. ' ses-lerlius,' for ' semis-tertius;' 
the first an as, the second an as, the 
third a half as,' Remarks on M. If 
we say. the third talent is only half a 
one ; this supposes the two former 
are whole ones 

iipi-TiiiiBi' : a towel or oapkiD, — 
ircpi-^i/'t;(Tci',^ Aristoph. Jablonsbi de- 
rives it fr. the Egyptian toube, clean, 
pure; which he supposes to have 
been applied to the linen garments of 

I So ^Xoi fcam ^ia. Comp. BitXoj. 

2 Ab, 

;h a\n 

3 Fr. iiKici, I rejoice ; or &. a and A^, 
because the inhahjtaals are loosed of theii 
bodies ; nr because they are bcncefoith indii- 
soluhle. Dm. 

4 Hanog taken a clean oapkin. It* wiftd 
round his ejet. 

HMO 107 

the priests, hence called ri;/3ia by the 
Greeks ; who gave the name of 4fii- 
rv/3ia to an adulterated sort 

i/uos : when. T^/ios, ihen. — ^Hfws 
h* ijpi-yiveia i^yri pubo-bciKTvXos i/tits, 
Tiffjios &p* afiipX TTvprjy KXtrrov "ILxropos 
&yp€To Xaos,^ Horn. From Tfjfjot Fac. 
derives demum, anciently demus 
> ifiwa : I M\ upon ; make to (all or 
bend. — Fr. ^fjiai pp. of ^a, Re-niis- 
sum me aut alium facio, S. *iU 5* ^e 
Kivfiaei ZA^vpos fiadv Xrfiov, eXOwy Aa- 
/3pos, eiT'aiylSiiiyp evi r* ^fivei iiara^ 
Xueatny,^ Horn. T^ re ra^* iifivtrnt 
iroXu E^i^/ioio &yatiTO% j^ep&iy v0* j^^e- 
ripntrt^,^ Id. 

'Hv : I was. — Imperfect of Jjfii fr. 
^w, I am, as dfifii fr. diia 

^y : I said. ^Hv b' iyi,, Plato, But 
said f. See Ji, he said 

"Hf : if. — For iav, as yfj for y^a 

*Hy Kal : even if, although, * et-si ' 

*Hv, ^yl : en, behold 

iyein^i : Dm. derives it from kyixa, 
I bear or carry. Ac-i^t'cic^s, carried 
through ; and hence entire, complete, 
stretched out at full length, long. 
Thus oaks are mentioned as 'PiSy^iy 
fAeydXyai ii-riyeKieat^ apapvlai,* Horn. 
*A-rp03rirof rt Si-iyveic^cf,' Id. 'Apya- 
Xioy, jSao'/Xeca, ht^rjyticibfs iLyopevtrai,^^ 
Id. So iro2-i}i'ein)s is applied to a vest 
which is carried to the feet, hangs 
down to the feet. Aovp-ijyeKks is ap- 
plied to the distance a spear carries. 
And Kevrp-riveicils is applied to horses 
which are borne on by means of a goad. 
L. derives i^ver^s fr. aand yiyexa p. of 
rim^ necto ; connected, having an un- 
broken series, &c. 

'HwSc: behold. — For V '^e, en 
vide. Or ijy and 4f2 are abbreviations 
fr. iylie for ev-iSe, inspice, see 

iiyia," fivfoy: a rein, bridle. *H b* 
i$ bifpoy ifiaiye, Kal f^vla XdSero x^p- 

6 And, when the early -horn rosy- fingered 
rooming appeared, then the people collected 
or woke ahout the pyre of Hector. 

6 As when Zephyr, commg violent, and 
rending with a storm, shall agitate the thick 
com, and falls upon the ears of com. 

7 In this case the city of king Priam should 
sooD fall under our hands. 

8 Furnished with great long roots. 

9 And long paths. 

10 It is difficult, O queen, to speak at full 

11 From tv or h^. That which joins two 
horses, Dm. From ivw, wh. &ya|. That hy 
which horses are ruled, L. 


<r\y,^* Hom. From xaGt j^Wa L. de- 
mes catena*^ 

iiviica: when. Tiyv/ca, then. — Eis 
NeiXov fiadvy ifXaTO, fivUa elbe, Epigr. 
From TtivUa some derive Lat. tunc '* 

^Hyis, los, 4: of a year old. — For 
iyis ft, Syos 

*Hyopirf : manliness, bravery, 
strength. — Fr. Hvap, Ijvopos, manly, 
for &ywp, &vopos fr. avrip 

ijyovi xoXr^ : for ^v-oirt ; either fr. 
oif/, oiro£, (as in AiO-oif/) so polished 
that we can see in it ; or fr. oif/, oiros, 
the voice, from its having sound iu it 
or tinkling 

ijyvfTTpoy I the place where the food 
is consumed, stomach, crop. — Fr. 
Ijyvtrrai pp. of &vvu), I dispatch. "H- 
yvtrrpoy fioos icaTa-Pp(y)(dltras,^^ Aris- 

linap, aros : the liver. — * Turn te 
morbus agitat hepatarius,* Plant. 
Hence the medical term hepatic. Tev- 
^wy &s kripi^ tis kf KOKoy rfvari rev- 
Xct,'* ^lian. 

^w&ia, ^Trao/xai : I patch. — For airdu 
fr »&iria:=i&TrTta, I join, connect, L. 

^irebavos : infirm of foot. — Perhaps 
for &-ireSavo£, fr. -nibov. One who 
has his foot not firm on the ground ; 
opposed to ifji'Tebos,^'^ ^Hirebavds bi 
yv TOi dep&wuy, (ipabies be toi ivwoi,*^ 

"H^reipos, ffZ a continent, opposed 
to an island. — For a-weipos, fr. welpas, 
a boundary. Homer has d-Tre/pora 
yatav. Hence Epirus, which was 
first adopted by the Corcyreans, and 
afterwards by others, to denote that 
part of the continent whii-h was 
nearest to them 

"Hirecra : the same as iiteira 

^irepowevwi I deceive, delude. — 
Ai/er-irapc, elSos Opiate, yvvat^fiavkt, 
ilwep6w€VTa,^^ Hom. Damm supposes 

12 She stepped into the chariot and took 
hold of the rems with her hands. 

15 Others derive this from naff %va. 
14 "Which however may be put for • turn- 


16 Having swallowed down the Ifyvarpov of 
an ox. 

16 Thus a person contrives mischief for his 
own liver, who contrives it for another. 

17 Dm. supposes 77 to be a mere prefix, and 
translates iir^ayhs, * qui ad terram jacet.* 

18 And your servant is infirm of foot, and 
your horses are slow. 

19 Unhappy Paris, roost beautiful of form, 
mad with desire of woman, deceiver. 




it put for iifiep-owevktf fr. 4/iicpos and 
o\l/, oftSs, I deceive by mild words 

"Hmos :*° mild, gentle.— ^Hirtov &p- 
Xovra Kai varipa,* Herodian. "Hiria 
evrea, gentle words 

TfirlaXos : forn)ed fr. iiirios ; mperos 
being understood. That is, a mild 
fever, L. But Galen describes this 
complaint as attended with fever and 
shivering in every part of the body 

^wvtit : I about out. — Comp. anvdf 

^Hp, g. Jjpos, TO : the spring. — For 
iap,^ Hence Lat. ver, veris 

^Hpa, wv : things beloved. — Fr. 

"Hpa : Juno. — L. supposes it allied 
to Lat. hera. The mistress and queen 
of heaven 

'HpaicX^s : Hercles, (wh. Kerch,) 

^pavofi a keeper, guard. — Kai fiiv 
eHjy /jLTiXtoy diaav fjpavoy,^ Ap. Rh. 

"Hpefjios : placid, gentle, quiet. — 
Fr. ^pefxai pp. of apeia:=&piaK(a 

'^Hpt: early in the morning. — In 
Saxon aer, wh. earfy. Homer calls 
the morning ^pi-yiveta, early-born 

rjploy : a sepulchre.— ^Evfl* &p* *AxiA- 
\evs ^pdacraTO UarpdKX^ fxiya Hpioy 
^hi oi avT^f^ Hom. 

*Hpvyyioy : the eringo or sea-holly. 
' Satyrion near with hot eringos stood,' 

"Hpois, iaos : heros, a hero ; a demi- 

''H^erav : they had known. — The At- 
tics thus formed the pluperf. of ecSw : 
M^jy, ^Secs, ^htiv — y(n'riy—^a/jL€v, yore, 
ptray, Bl. 

"Htratify : less ; less or inferior in 

20 Dm. derives it fr. tnw. One who fol- 
lows another mildly and without opposition. 

1 A mild prince and father. 

2 And they made him keeper of their sheep. 

3 Where Achilles meditated a large tomb 
for Patrocles and himself. 

4 He was clothed with a slender and well- 

battle (as ' minor ' in Horace : * Mi- 
nor in certamine longo*).— For ^kIuv 
comparative of {ica wh. ^kiotos. See 


^Htrcra : inferiority in battle, defeat. 
— Fr. Hvaiav 

"Mqvxos : quiet, tranquil, gentle. — 
Fr. T^aai 2. pers. of {ftac, I sit ; or as 
the pp. of lai, sub-mitto me, I am 

^Hrop, opot : tlie heart. — Fr. i(rai 
pp. of dm, I breathe 

^rpiov : thread, yarn. — Dm. sup- 
poses this the same as rpioy, fr. rpeU^ 
rpia, trea, tria ; and translates it, a 
tripled thread. But it is used- for a 
thin texture. Xir&va iffu^-Uara Xer- 
Toy Kal eh-iirpioy,^ Themistius. So R. 
explains l^-i^rpid^ii; : ' I. strain wine 
through a cloth made of thin linen * 

Jirpoy:^ the bottom of the belly; 
bottom of a vessel. — ^To irepl ro Ijrpov, 
Kai TCL alhoiaf Kai to, KvicKf, Xen. To 
yap lirpor rfis x^P^^ eXawiaof, Aris- 

Hvre : the same as e2re 

^faiaros :^ Vulcan. — Aaii^Xtov 06- 
ptlKa, rov "Hi^taros K&fie rtt^mv,^ 

'Hx*^: echot — Fr. ^a p. of &yt». 
A refracted sound. Hesiod has nqi»l 
h' &yyvTo ifx^. And the echo was bro- 
ken round 

'Hxos: a sound. — See i^a^ 

'Hclf£, ^ois, oos, fi : Aurora, the morn- 
ing. — Fr. &ai, I shine. Hence ifot, 
eaus, of the morning : * Bt juvenum 
recens Examen eois timendum Parti- 
bus oceanoque rubro,' Hor. ' BM, 
cost Sax., heos Erse, i^as Gr.' T. 

threaded tunic. 

5 Ah ^Uj ah ha. Pars aye iostnuiieBtiiia 
quo de-mittatur infans, S. 

6 L. derives it fir. wpdu, I handle. Peiliaps 
it may be traced to ^^a p. of Arrw, I bun. 

7 The curiously wrought breastplate which 
Vulcan labored at making. 





e': 9. ©,: 9000 

Oa implies existence in a place. 
"EyOa Kol Ma, Horn., In this place 
and in that^ here and there 

Oaio/xat : See Oeao/Mai 

Oatpos I a hinge. — Satpos Oijpri$ 

Biia, Ofi/ju, TiBrijn : I set, place, put, 
lay, — Fr. p. ri^ra is &irO'6iiKrj, a 
repository, wh. apo-thecary.^ Hence 
also biblio-theea.^ Fr. ridefiai pp. is 
Oifia, a theme; and fr. rldetrai pp. 
are Biau, thesis,'^ hi/pO'thesis," anti- 
thesis " 

6a«a, Bdoraw, daatrvo: I ^it. — Allied 
to dea ; u e, I place or set myself 
down, Vk. "Ebos Ma d&aorvev, Horn. 
&p6poy ivda Oaaoraev, Id. 

Q&Kos: a seat. — Fr. riOaKa p. of 

SaXafios:*^ a bed-chamber, chiefly 
for women ; marriage ; offspring. — 
Hence thalamus and epi-thalamium 

SdXaftos : any dwelling or place of 
abode ; a repository or store-room. — 
Virgil similarly uses thalamus of the 
bees : ' Jam thalamis se composuere ' 

BaXofios : the lowest tier of rowers 
in a ship. Aristoph. has SaXa/jilai 
owal, holes in the OaXa/jLos, through 
which holes the oars were pushed and 
worked. ' He calls thus in joke the 
apertures of the sides of the breast* 
plates, through which apertures the 
arms were pushed. He is hinting at 
the avarice of the trierarchs, who often 
blocked up some of the holes in the 
ship, to get the pay of the rowers,' 

. QdXaffora I the sea. — For dXaava, 
fr. &\ff, dXos ; or for trdXaaaa fr. erdr 
Xos, salum, for &Xos 

©aXX«,'* fut. 6aXw: I flourish, ger- 
minate. — Hence the Muse JTialia^^ 

8 One vrho has a repository for medicines. 

9 A repository for books. 

10 Theme and thesis mean, a subject pro- 
posed as ' pro-position ' fr. ' pono.' 

11 A sup-position. 

12 One thing placed or set against another. 

13 Compare 0d\os, Comp. irX^ofios fr. 

14 Some derive it fr. Odu. Coropi^re OriKi. 

15 For the gbry of poets flourishes, tor 

OaXXoK TTpo-ifeita : ' I put a green 
bough before cattle and shake it, in 
order to allure them to follow me. 
In this passage of Thucydides, ro yap 
irp6r€pov iifjLa$ hr-riydyeaOe, ohi: &X\ov 
Ttya Tpoffelovres ^dfiov 9 &c., Duker 
doubts whether \^6fiov wpo-erela is to 
be explained as above, or from vibra- 
ting swords and spears. That the 
above explanation is correct, is clear 
by the word lir-iyyayedJc. The mean- 
ing then is : By hying before another 
the fear which besets him, I induce 
him to take my side,' R. 

Q6Xos: a germ or ofispring. — Fr. 
SaXu fut. of OaXXiii 

SdXww, \pv: I make warm, che- 
rish, nourish ; I cherish with deceitful 
hopes, or words, disappoint, deceive.— 
Properly, I make ddXXeiv/^ to pullu- 
late ; and hence transferred to the heat 
by which plants flourish, L. TUrei 
Ka\ d&Xirei Kal lic-rp^^ei,*^ Constantine 

OaXviu: I warm, heat, make hot. — 
See ddXwa 

GaXt/o'ca : a festival in houor of Ce- 
res, in which were offered the first 
fruits after harvest or vintage. — Fr. 
OaXvu or fr. iSaXoy a, 2. of O&XXtt 

Oa/ua: together, in crowds, thickly; 
frequently. — For &fia 

OafiPos : stupefaction, astonishment. 
— For d&l^os, as lAffiPfi for ici/jSi?, rv/a- 
vavoy for rvvayoy. Sdfios is the same 
as Bdwos fr. BdiTTtit, 

Qafiyos : a place thick with shrubs, a 
thicket ; thick branches or thick roots 
of trees. See kK-BafiylSw,- For ^a^i- 
yos fr. Bafid 

OaFtoi,** Bay4ia, Bviu, BprjorKia, Byfffii, 
TiByrifit, TeOyriKta i 1 die. — "Hiitrros Bd- 
yaros ovy-BviiaKeiy ByiitrKovai ^/Xois,'* 
Eurip. "ESaves, iBayes, <! frdrep. Id. 

ever, Fac. For she makes po^ts to flourish 
with glory and fame, D. 

16 diAXciv vQui, Dm. 

17 The hen lays and broods and nourishes 
her young. 

18 L. and Dm. suppose it allied to vditw i 
in allusion to the extension of the limbs by 

19 It is the sweetest death to die with dying 


0An I 

The initial of BavaToi, death, gave 
occasion to the phrase of Juvenal 
' prxfigere theta,' to prefix the mark 
of capital punishment 

©airrui :" I bury,- — From a. 2. 
(JiOaTrov=) Jt-o^i- is epi-taph 

OajrTii,' BaiTbi, BlfKu : 1 am slupe- 
fied, astonished. — "SU at, yiiyai, iya- 
fial re riOriira rf,' Horn. 

Qipaii I make hot, dry, hurn. — Fr. 
pp. ridepfiat are Ihermo-meter,^ Ther- 
mo-pylte + 

Qapy-ii\ia, uv : an Athenian fesli- 
val.— Ft. eapa=eipu>, and ijKios. Pro- 
perly said of the time when the suu 
burns the corn, L. This gave the 
name to the month Thargelion 

Qapuos, Bti/ipai, dpaaot, eoi : heat; 
courage; boldness; confidence; ex- 
cess of boldness, rashness, impudence. 
— Fr. eapw(=0^pw), fut.edp(7u. Hence 
Thraao, a boasting soldier in Terence. 
' His humor is lofty, bis discourse 
peremptory, his general behavior 
vain, ridiculous, and thrasonical,' 

Gatrou : See Qaa 

daaaiav : for Bav/dii'^roj^i'div com- 
parative ofraxi". See airirov 

Qarepov : for to erfpof 

Qeao/xai,' daiofiai, dijiofiai : I see, 
contemplate, view.— Fr. p. reS^arai is 
Oiarpoy, theatrum, a theatre,'' and 
ampki-theatre. ' A woody theatre of 
stateliest view/ Millon 

Oou/io, arcs : a wonder, spectacle, 
matter of astonishment. ' Qavftara 
are tricks of conjurors who move with 
strings little images to astonish the 
vulgar," R.— The same as fleo^a, fr. 
TiQkafiat p. of etdn^iai. That which 
has in it something wonderful to see, 
L. Hence, Gregory Thaumat-urgvs,'' 
the wonder-worker 

,0 GAT 

Qaiimv. some shrub, which dyed 
yellow. — ^Knf fitv xpiut fi^v <ifiol(is tyi- 
rtTO 6a\pf,^ Theocr. 

0diu : I sit. — See before flacor 
Qaiii: I nourish, afford nourishment, 
make to vegelale or flourish. Qaofiai, 
I nourish myself with. Applied to the 
breasts of a woman, I suck.^ Hence 
by reduplication ri/flij, riOi], titOoi, a 
teat, San. tit 

-Be, -Dev : a termination of ihe ge- 
nitive case. As c£ nhpayodey, Horn., 
for e^ olpayoi. 'EJ Hkdeer, Horn,, for 
e£ a\6i. 'EpcOev is the same as ifiio 
and cfiou. Sometimes -Be and -Bey ex- 
press motion from, i^ being under- 
itood ; as eipafoBev, from heaven ; 
'AOiivTjOev, from Athens 

0EOX;» God.— Hence tkeut, a- 
t heist, tkeo-logi/ 

Oca, Biaiya: a Goddess 
Qeanfiai : See before davfta 
Ocij-iroXetu : I go about with images 
of the Gods to collect money, Tim. 
See the note on ityelpoi. — Fr. Ocotand 

fleiXd-Ttiov : a place exposed to 
the rays of the sun.— Fr. ed\^=!ei\g 
and wi&op 

BetntXci : god-like. — For dto-eiKt- 

Oflvai, Bifia : I smite, strike. — L, 
fancifully derives it fr. Bcw, 1 run, 
from exciting to run by striking. BaX- 
Xe, j3nXXe, fle7>e. delyc, Eurip. 

0e7oi: divine.— Fr.Qcdi 

Qelov (irSp): divine fire, lightning, 
thunderbolt, sulphur. — See above 

Belos: an uncle. — 'O Belot nurj) 
r\otfiopeiTO,'° Xen. 

OiXyai, ^w. I enchant, charm, be- 
witch. — Fr. 6i\bi and aym," I lead 
any one where I please. Dm. 

OeXvfiyov : a foundation. — For 6i- 

Qavfi&i,^: I wonder, view wilh 

jivXyov fr, TedFum pp. of Seal, See 

wonder. — Fr. Bavfia 


20 For flm-B, I bam. From the ancient 

^e a <ight, L. ^^M 

cmtom of hmning the dead, Dm. 

6 A place Tor cieo-lng Qbjects. ^H 

1 ForSirra.. I »m slupefif d like one loucKed 

7 From (^«. I work! 

and burnt »itb ligbtning. Dm. ' Haud aUler 

8 And my akin betame yellow like iliip- 

stupui quam (|ui Jo.i. ignib.ia icL,„ Vivil, et 

est vittB nesriui ip^e sun:,' Oi-. 

9 Fr. e4», I JilHCe. From bis placing in 

3 So, iBdy, do I Bdmire jou and nm m- 

order the univene. Or Tr. 9™. I ; in refe- 

vi.hed »iU. JOU. 

rence lo the prrpetuiil moliou cf the sun and 

3 An insCmnient Tor measuriag heal. 

4 Fmn Ihe hoi baihe in the nnghbonrliood. 

10 Hia uncle joked biin. 

niiMi, a gite. 

11 Compare ff»(n-- Or (At* U for &v» 

G Fr. Biu, I run. From persons running la 




B£Sm, OeXim, idiXia : I prefer, wish, 
desire. — For iXw, I choose ; wii. Lat. 
velim, &c,, S. OiXa Xiyetv 'Arpe/^s» 
0eAtf bk Kaifxoy ^beiv,^* Anacr. 

6e;i€i, nros : a thing laid down ; de- 
posit, proposition ; &c. — Fr. riSt/xai 
pp. of Oita, I place or lay. H. theme 

&efji4Xioyf Oi/xriXop, di/xedXov : that 
on which a building is placed, a 
foundation, bottom, sure foundation. 
— Fr. riOefjiai pp. of diu 
• . Oefiep-ifilf, Giros : one of a bashful 
countenance. — Fr. diftepos and &}lf» 
&i/jie(ios appears to come fr. riOefjiai 
pp. of Oi(a, I place. Qui Tultum habet 
deposituni, demissum. Some trans- 
late it, august, venerable ; and derive 
it fr. eifui 

Sifuif iros, laros, iSof, // : a law laid 
down, law, equity ; an impost (fir. 
' positns '), toll. Also, Themis, who 
presided over oracles ; firom her being 
the goddess of equity, or from her 
being intrusted with ra reBtfiiya, the 
things laid down and decreed by the 
Gods to take place. — Fr. riOefiai pp. 
of ditf 

Oiyap, apos : that with which Oeivo- 
fuv, we strike ; the hollow or palm of 
the hand. ' Flan& faciem contundere 
palm^,' Juv. ' Os hominis palm^ ex- 
cussissiro^ pulsat,' Fetron. 

deO'KXvriw : I offer prayers Oeo-i:Xv- 
TovSf to be heard by the Gods. — Fr. 
Seos and KiKXvrai pp. of kXvoi 

Oeo'wpowos : a prophet ; and also 
one who consults an oracle. — Fr. 0eos 
and irpo'iina, I predict ; or 6 ra toIs 
Bedis TTpinoyra eiwiify. Dm. Doe who 
announces facts which it is the nature 
of the Gods to know ; or one to whom 
such facts were announced 

6eo€ : see before Bed 

Oeda-mn-osi proceeding from the 
Gods. — Fr. aiavrai pp. of orvw 

Qepdiriay, ovros: one who attends 
on, ministers to, waits on. * Kings are 
called dtpdvoyres Acds. Cupid is call- 
ed the follower and Oepanuty of Venus,' 
L. — Primarily, one who cherishes by 
tepid fomentations; fr. dip^a, L. One 
who studiously cherishes the affairs of 
a superior friend ; fr. dipt*. Dm. 


QepaneAti : I employ myself as a 
9ep6.7rmf; I heal. Hence in medicine 

Bepfios : hot. — See Oiptt after Odir- 

Bipfiosp ov: a kind of hot pulse, 
lupin. — Sec above 

0^^ : see after ddmrn 

Qipos, eos: heat; summer; har- 
vest. — Fr. Sipt^ 

Bepl^u : I spend the summer ; ga- 
ther in the harvest, reap, mow. — Fr. 

QiffKeXos: god-like. — For Oea-eiice- 
XoF. 0^s was an ancient form of 

QeafAos : law. — Fr. riBetrfiai pp. of 
Oita, Lex posita. ' MoRES-qne viris 
et mcenia ponet,' Virg. 

QeafAO-fSpos : Ceres, the introducer 
of laws. . For she invented com ; and, 
' before the invention of corn,' says 
Macrobius, ' mankind roamed at large 
without law. But on its invention 
fields were divided, and society and 
law took their rise.' Tcii deo/io-^dpa 
are Ceres and Proserpine. Ta OeafW' 
66pia, a festival in honor of Ceres. — 
Fr. BeafLOs and wifopa pm. of ijtiptt, 

BiffKis, ibos: dictated by a God, 
divinely inspired. — For Bia-cTru, as 
BitTKeXos for BeaeUeXos. From 0^, 
the ancient form of 0eos ; and Itm, I 

^(T'^Tos: spoken by the Gods. 
0^<r-0aTov, an oracle. — From Qks^s 
Qebi, and xi^arai pp. of fcu^^ I speak 

Qeros : placed ; placed in the room 
of another, sup-posititious, spurious, 
suborned. — ^Fr. riBerai pp. or OIm 

Bev-fiopoi iioihal: divine songs. — 
For Bei'fiopot, fr. Beos and fjiifiopa pm. 
of /le/pM. Partaking of the Deity. Dm. 
translates it ' a Deo partem suam ha- 
bentes ' " 

0^01, 6eift» : I place. See after Oac- 

0€<if, Belw, fut. Bevau fir. Bev^: I 
run, hasten. — ^Hence L. derives Bed" 
oftm, from a concourse of people (BeSr" 
rwy) running to see a sight 

Qewpos : a spectator, contemplator. 

12 I wish to speak of the sons of Atreus, rence to /u/p-o^. With a Toice divinelv and 
and I wish to sing of Cadmus. not humanly roodolated.' But this is too latent 

13 ' 9^iiopo$i* says J., ' has a latent refe- to he true. 


GEft 1 

oliserver.— Fr. 6ei3 or OciS^ai, as inapay 
fr. hu>. Fr. 6ewpiui, I coi]templal«, 
ate theory, theoretical, fhtorem 

Be-ufMs I one who hux tlie charge of 
divine rites; one cliarged with con- 
sulting llie oracles of tlie Gods; one 
charged with conveving presents to 
the oracles of the Gods.— From ©eis 
and opaia, h. See ovpos ; and coon- 
pare Qi'p-uipui, Bu-u>pos, jTuA-wpdi 

Qljybi, ^lii • I whel, sharpen. — ^EB 

rri)*,,'* Horn. 

Qnyavti : a whet-stone. — Fr. Qhym 

©flKi;: a repository for any thing, 
as a Btore-roo(u, grave, scabbard, &c. 
— Fr. eflqsa a. 1. of 0ew. H. biblio- 
theca, apo-tkecary 

QtiKi) : a breast, teat. — Fr. Qau, I 
give suck ; as haXot fr. iaw, SijXos fr, 
Siu. Others deriie it fr. eOi,>,a. a. I. 
o(daX\b>, and translate it, having tlie 
power of vegetation 

©ijXut ; female ; tender, soft. — Fr. 
SqXq. Having breasts. Compare 
' mamma ' a mother or a breast 

©li^uii', ocot, 6 : a heap. — Fr. reftj- 
[lai pp. of Bill). 1. e. a heap of things 
placed together 

Si/v : indeed. — Oii fiii/ Oi)v Keiftjs ye 
^epc/wv tvjfpfiai elvai,'^ Hon), 

0^n-u: I am stupefied with admira- 
tion .—See fldirroi 

0wp.'* gen. 01^)31 : jEoMc^ ^f)p, v/\i. 
Lat. /era, a wild beast. Hence pan- 
ther. The d and 6 appear to be com- 
muted in diip and deer, as also in 
6ipa, 'door;' and Bvyartip, (duga- 
ter,) ■ daughter.' So ' thunder ' is 
' donder' in Dutch 

&i/pdbi : I hunt after or pursue Biipa, 
a wild beast; hunt; hunt after, ge- 

QilpuDV : for TO iipaiov, the monu- 
ment dedicated to a hero 

0q(, gen. dtiToc: one who places 
OUT his services on hire, qui opus 

LOCATUM facit. — Fr. TiSijrai pp. of 
14 Let even one well ahupcn hie spear aud 

16 From M>, I run, L. Dm. 

IT For ft^i^ii fr. [t^ooi pp. utj flea,, I 
place up or put bj, L. The Hebrew is yerj 
similar. Ii it never to besUawcd lliat iLe 
oilenliJi borrowed from iho Grcelts: 

12 ©Hs: 

Seoi, I place, ©'irei re ^uei re, Hom. 

©qoavpac:" a store, thesaurus, 

-9i seems to be the ending of the 
dative case, as -Be of the genitive. 
Thus oirpavoBi, in Heaven 

dlaacs: a multitude met together 
to celebrate divine rites, especially 
the rites of Bacchus; dancing or re- 
velhng at the riles generally. — For 
6daaos fr. Belot, divine ; or for ciavot 
fr. alos the Doriu form of fleiis. ' In- 
stitnit Daphnis thiasos jnducere Bac- 
cho,' Virg. 

' 0//3i] : a kind of vessel, basket, 
urn, &c. Some read 6qf3q and 6qvi) 

Oi^ot. It oceurs in a passage ia 
Nicander, £ea Bi0pa j^cXuvijc, where 
the Scholiast interprets it, hoiled un- 
der the coals 

&lyai, Blyytii, Siyydi'w : I touch, 
meddle with, am concerned in; tax, re- 
proach, as Lat. tango.— "Efltyeti/wjj^r, 
eBiyes iii fpsvwv,'^ Eurip. ^peruvlOi- 
yes, SfliyEi.Id. Ueiict:{tethigi^tetigi 

eii'." eii, gen. Bivoi ! and fl^i-, ftf- 
vui: a heap of any thing, but parti- 
cularly of sand on the sea-shore. — Bij 
&' iuciaiv vapii Glm iroXvijiXtiiirfioto Sa- 
Aao-ff^s.*" Hom. 

dXdu, ij>Mu : 1 dash against, beat 
against, bruise. — 'Oarea auy-QXaoBiv- 
ra, bones dashed together and frac- 
tured. Compare BU^. With fXau 
T. coniparcBjidW 

6\i/3u, fXijini, yjm : I press hard 
against, s<iueeze, crush, bruise. — 
Formed fr. iii\lu='iji\aa. Fr. ^Xf'/3*i, 
£olic^ ^Xlyio, is Lai. Jtigo, affiigo, 
injligo,conjligo. Fr. r^SAii^ni pp. of 
6\i^ia is tc-thtipsi*' in poetry 

©j'litriiu : See flni'ui 

3rr|Tos : oiie liable to die, a mor- 
tal. — Fr. Tidftirat pp. of 8v£u. Sec 

Qoosi swift in running, (|oick, pene- 
trating, piercing, ' Islands are called 
Baal by Homer, as having sharp pro- 

19 Fr. eia. I place tog;ethei ; or fr. Btim. I 
Blribe, from tlie sand on tbe eliore being atniclt 
by the WBTCB, Dm. 

20 And he nimt pensiTely by tha shore o[ 
lb« much resounding ses. 

1 Whore the m at the end of a. word wilh 
the preceding Towel is pressed ag&inst tlie 
inilui vowel of tlia next void ^ as, ' MuIttUn 




moDtories pointed like a dart/ St. — 
Fr. riOaa pm. ofditi 

QoaSut : I move quickly. Fr. Oo6s, 
Also^ I sit down. In this sense some 
explain it, I move quickly to a seat ; 
others refer it to Sa&aata, daaSia 

OotfAartov: for to IfiaTioy 

Boivff : a feast. — J. derives it fr. ri- 
Ooira pm. of Seiytut, ' I slay a victim.' 
L. derives it fr. 06ut, I ^t down. 
Hence dotyii, doivii, a sitting down to- 
gether to feast. Qolyay aypiay QijpQy 
n$ifi€vos, Eurip. 

&6K0S : the dome or cupola of a 
building ; a building of a round form, 
where the Athenian senators dined ; 
aoy round building. — ' Siqua tuis pro 
me pater Hyrtacus aris Dona tulit; 
siqua ipse meis venatibus auxi, Sus- 
pendive tholo, aut sacra ad fastigia 
fixi/ Virg. This word occurs in an 
old English play : * Let altars smoke 
and tholes expect our spoils ' 

BokoiZ mire, filth or mud, confu- 
sion. Particularly applied to the ink 
of the cuttle fish. — Hence doXepos, 
miiy, turbid. To bk pevfid iart yiiya 
col iroXv Ka\ OoXepoyf* Tbucyd. 

6oX/a : a hat in the form of a d6\os 
or cupola 

9o6i : See before doaSia 

OdjpWy dopiw, Opdia, dp&aKtaf Oopyiiw : 
i spring, leap, rush. — ^Hence Oovpos 
'Afnfs, Horn., impetuous Mars. * It 
deserves remark that Mars or a God 
similar to Mars was called J%or or 
7%tfr amon^p the Getse,' Bl. From 
nur is Thursday 

Bopil 'J See the note 

B6fvfiot : a noise arising from men 
rushing impetuously. — Fr. ddpw. 'Eo*- 
•jSdrresKara oirmA^v rai voKK^ dopvfif, 

Qp&ta^ 6p6u i^ I seat, make to sit. 
— ^Hence Opayos and Opoyos (wh. a 
tknme) a seat or chair 

Bpdvos : a seat, bench ; bench of 
oars. — See above 

QparlTtisi one who sat in the high- 
est of the three banks of oars in a 
galley. — ^Fr. dpdyos 

Qpayiaato : I unbench, break up a 

a And the stream is great, and much, and 

S Semen genitale, quod mas B6pw, laliens, 
is iiDBiinam effundit. 

4 Fr. Bop4m : I l«ap or rush to a aeat, L. 

Mp^ J. — Fr. Opayos 

^paffos^ eos : See Oapaos 

dpatraw: I dist4]rb, move, agitate. 
For Tap&atrw. It seems sometimes to 
signify, I break, bruise. In this sense 
it will flow fr. Opaw=idpavu 

dpariid : I bruise, break. — Some de- 
rive this fr. Opdw, and compare it with 
6Xdu, Dm. identifies it with rpavw, 
19h, rpavfia, Qpavtrni Ti]y *Adrivaiwy 
iiiyafiiy, Plut. See OpvTrruf 

Gpata : I seat. — See before Opayos 

OpifjifjLaf aros: a brood, offspring. 
— Fr. riOpefAfiai pp. of rpe^oi, I nou- 

dpirre : According to the Schol. it 
is a barbarous word signifying Oa^- 
^"ly. It seems rather to be an ad- 
verb of incitement, used by mule- 
drivers, like er/rre, Br. 

BpiofjLai : Ilament. From its deri- 
vatives it seems to refer to persons 
murmuring, weeping, whispering, or 
making any confused or obscure noise. 
— Hence Opfivos, a lamentation. ' It 
made this threne To the phenix and 
the dove. As chorus to their tragic 
scene,' Shaksp. * The birds shall 
mourn, and change their song into 
threnes and sad accents,' Bp. Taylor 

Qpffvos : See above 

Qpfjyvs, vos, 6 : a seat to sit on or 
to rest the feet on. — Com p. Opdyos 

Qpfl<TK€vki : I worship in a supersti- 
tious manner. — Fr. Bpita, fut. dpiitna. 
From the confused and obscure noises 
made in the ancient superstitious rites, 

Opiai : pebbles which sorcerers threw 
into an urn. — ^IIoXXoc O/oto-jSoXoi, xav- 
poi ii re fidyries dyhpes^^ Prov. 

0p/a/uj3os : (triumbus=^)triumphus, 
(as dfjjpkt and ' ambo ') a triumph. 
* Mintert deduces it fr. Opioy, a fig- 
leaf, and dfifitj, a brow, (properly of 
a rock) because the victors* brows 
were anciently crowned with fig- 
leaves. By a passage in Polybius ^ it 
would seem that it was formed fr. 
Lat. triunvphuSy Pkh. 

0plSia, am : I mow, cut. — For 0c- 

5 There are many pebb1e-throwers» but few 

6 Tohs Tpoff-ceyopfWfUyovs trap* tdirois (the 
Romaos) iipiApfimts, 

epi 1 

&p)l, gen. rpixoi for Opixo^ '■ bair, 
bristle, main, wool. — Fr. llplSu, E. 
As ' ceesaiies ' fr. ' caedo,'' Euripides 
lias &T-iBpi<rfv rplxas. H<:iice miH fr. 
5j, a sow, is va-Tpi^, hystrix, a porcu- 
pine. Hence too perhaps is irica. a 
trick, a knot of hair : ' I prefer that 
kind of tire : it slirs me more than all 
your court-curls or your tricks,' &c., 
Ben Jonson. And intricate, extri- 
cate, &c. 

QpiyKos : the coping or edging of a 
wall ; pinnacle, battlement, bastion, 
palisade. — Fr. Spi£, as it is supposed. 
From its being to a wall wbat the 
hair is to the head 

+ 0p/8aJ, aeoi, ii : a lettuce 

ep.V«£: lhesameasrp,V<.£ 

Bploy, Bplos: a fig-leaf; generally, 
any leaf; a membrane of the brain 
resembling a fig-leaf.— See eph/>l3oi. 
TIoXKAv Atoieai lAia Bptuiv rif i/io^ov, 
Aristoph. I.e., sa;s St. I am no more 
moved by those threatening words 
than by the noise of fig-leaves, which 
crackle when tliey are burning. Cora- 
pare upA&r} and upabalyio 

Opiov. a pudding of various mate- 
riala. — From its bein^ wrapped and 
cooked in fig-leaves, C. Qpia mi /tc- 
XiTTurai, Lucia n 

Qpios : a particular cable.*— "Afl^ei 
Kai TDU Toioi vap-Ui' 'Us OUTOS ^Sij au- 

Kofarrlas Ttvei- Tow S7 Opiors 

jrap-Ui' To trrev/i iKarrav yiyvcTat, 

t Qplaaa : translated by Gaza 
' alosa,' which Fac, thinks is the shad 
or chad fish 

Opiip, iirui, ; a worm which wears 
and consumes wood. — Fr. riOpixfjai 


Opofi^of. a thick congealed mass. 
—Dm. derives it fr. riOpa/jfiat pp. of 
TpfifM, I coagulate. 'Eyiysro bk o lipus 
abrou wo-ei BpS/ijioi ai/tarot Kara'^ai- 
w^7E. iwl r^. vf;^» NT. 

6pdvos: a seat, chair, throne. See 

dpomy :'" color, paint, dye, poise n ; 
dyed linen; flowtr or embroidery.— 

ligbt har 

^li^ted (ul tepiirt 

7 'EBp,ft . 
Iiafi fur tKoi. 

JioEriy el vairrw abs, Stu tVIiS^ rh n'tt/ia, 
rpiiravs Ik -wpipia X"^""''! i^cliol- 

9 And hie sivcal t»canie like coDgpnled 
dropa uf blood deacendiag on the eu-lli. 
10 Some derire it fr. Bpiw^Bpiit ; tram it» 

4 0PO 

QirrrvXi. yvr W Xajio'iaa ri 'fft'l^i^ 
Toiff JiTTO-ital.oi' Toe njcw fKtai ko»- 
'VjrepTcpov," Theocr. 

&p6ot: a murmur, confuserl noise, 
whisper, report, &c. ; perturbation 
and dismay arising from confusion 
and lumuit. — Fr. riOpoa pm. of 6piv, 
wb, epiofiai. Or fr, Opou 

Qpou : I leap, rush impetuously.— 
See S6p<i> 

fl^uaXXis, ihos : a reed called torch- 
weed or higb-tuper, used for the wick 
of a lamp. — See flpiJoi- 

6pvya.vaui : a word occurring in 
some Mss. of Aristophanes, but the 
reading rpvyovoiii is adopted by Brunck 

BpiWos: a whisper,niurmur,sound; 
report, rumor. — ' Fr. Bpvui, I break. 
A broken and rejteated murmur/ TH. 
ConipareflpDOsandflpuTrui. ^i-£TtSpi\- 
Xijro iroW^ flpo'u 

epvWiw: I murmur, sound. Xeoo- 
phon has, Of/iai yap ahrovs flStj Kara- 
-TtTpiijtdai itn-rtOpvWrjftivouc iiiro o*i I 
Fori ihiiik ibat tbey have been al- 
ready battered by having had these 
things thoroughly sounded in tbeni b; 
you. So I'lalo has Bta-TeBpvW^/iivu 

BpvX\i$u : I make to sound. — Fr. 
fipuXXof. 0puXX/j[9q a fi^Torroy ci 
oippvei, Honi., The part of bis fore- 
bead by Ills eyebrows was made to 
sound, being dashed on tlie earlli 

Qpvoy :" a rush, bulrush ; the wick 
of a. lamp made from it. ' Hence 
dpvoi/adai, airi>-6pvova8ai, to become 
like a bulrush and insensible to all 
good,' TH. ' Toup,' says R„ 'ex- 
plains 01 Tas if^x""* airo-TEdpvti/iivoi, 
those who have their minds beni oo 
the earth like a bulrush. But thia is 
contrary to fact. The bulrush stands 
so erect that even the winds do not 
overthrow it ' 

QplnrTbi : I break, bruise ; break by 
effeminacy, make effeminate by luxury 
and dissipation, as Lat. ' frango.' — 
' 1 readily accede to their opinion 
who suppose it proceeds from the 
sound of things forcibly shattered. 

■ktuig on flowers. 

11 Tlicfltjlis, Wie now 
lore over his thresh uld. 

12 h. and Dm. derive 
Bopia, from itt leaping «b It vsfo w,l^ 

and daub thesa ci 




Qpdw^ dpavw, epifiw [or rpfflw], &c. 
are iDBch the same/ L. Plato takes 
notice of tin's agreement of the sound 
and the sense. The position of the p 
in these words may be compared 
with that in, break, bruise 
&piaKta : See Oopta 
Qpwafiosi a mound, hillock. — Fr. 
TeGpuKrfiat pp. of Opow, Comp. * altus ' 
with iXro, &c. 

OifyaTffPf epos : a daughter, which 
seems to be of the same origin. See 
diip. L. supposes it put for ivydrfjp, 
fir. Svy&a, jugo. This would suit 
better the idea of a sister '^ 

Suw, Blfvu : I rush impetuously, am 
carried away by impetuous fury, am 
frantic. — ^Perhaps allied to Oiu), I run. 
Hence QuaSfTki^as, a frantic priestess 
of Bacchus, hence called Thyoneus 

&T&ia: Homer says that the whole 
plain atfian Ovev, which, as S. well 
observes, may be translated, smoked 
with blood. Fr. ridvfiai pp. of Ovut is 
Bvfxo$^ MoL <^vfAos, fumus 

&VW : I sacrifice. Primarily, I per- 
fume. Wh. Ovos, thus, perfume, in- 
cense ; and OviyXr/. Quia produced 
the Latin^, suffio, suffimentum. For 
6 was changed by the ^olians to ^. 
The ancient Greeks did not use bloody 
sacniices, but offered flowers and si- 
milar things to the Gods. But, when 
victims came to be offered, Bvta was 
still employed, and was used for, I 
sacrifice. 'Evi-Ovof still bore the sense 
of perfuming, TH. 

0vas : See Ovb», I rush 

Gve/oy Bvta : a mortar. — Fr. dv(a ; 
from its use in pounding incense 

OveXAa: a violent tempest, pro- 
CBLLA. — Fr. Qvu). According to 
others, for Qvovtra aeXXa ; or fr. Ovw 
and 2\Xa» 

Oi^X^ : a cake offered in sacrifices. 
— Fr. W«. 'Oh' kvtrvpX^dXKeQvriXas, 

&ihlfjia, Qvfxa, &wafia, aros i incense 
or sacrifice ; a victim or offering. — 
Fr. the pp. of dviuf, dhw, &v6u 

SifXaKos :*^ a bag, sack ; cushion, 
&c. ; trowsers ; a pod.— ^ AX^ir oIk 

13 £z dia et ydoi: ut notetur appetentia 
genitars; magis enim prona ad geiierandum 
est nmliebris oatura, &c. Such is the absurd 
derivation of Damm ; a scholar, who has dis- 
graced himself by ridiculous derirations as 
much as any modem Etymologist. 

iy'tarty iy rf OvKoKf,^^ Aristoph. 
IIoXXol fraKKoi koi QfiXaKoi fii(i\lmv,^^ 

(dhXrifia, aros: a cake offered in 
sacrifices. — Fr. 0{h»} 

dvfjidXut\l/ : a burnt slick, firebrand. 
— Fr. riOvfiai pp. of rv^w. Olot p<- 
Xas ris vfuv dvfAdXw}p iv-iieaey,^'' Ari- 

0vyu)3/oa : the herb savory. Put often 
for thyme. — For dufxipa allied to 0v- 
/Mos, thyme, TH. * Graviter spirantis 
copia thymbrte,' Virg. ' Si desit thy- 
mus, pro thymo ponere thymbram,* 
MmiL Macer 

BvfiiXrj : an altar for the reception 
of sacrifices. And from its form, a 
high place or pulpit in the orchestra 
for the musicians. * Dicti thymelici^ 
quod olim in orchestri stantes canta- 
bant super pulpitum quod thymele 
vocabatur,' Isidorus. Oiz/icXac Kv- 
KXitirtay in Eurip. is a doubtful ex- 
pression, but is translated, the walb 
of Mycenae raised by the Cyclops. — 
Fr. riOv/nat pp. of Outa 

Svfitda : I burn incense, perfume. 
— Fr. riBvfiai &c. 

Qvfios: thyme, — Possibly from ri- 
Ovftai &c. 

Qvfiosi impetuosity, or violence, 
referred to the mind ; passion, fury, 
rage ; an emotion of the mind ; the 
mind itself. — Fr. reOvpat pp. of Ovu, 
I am carried away by impetuous feel- 

Gvfi'TjpTls: suited or agreeable to 
the mind. — Fr. Ovfxos and Jjpu a. 1. of 

Oiyyos : thynnus, the tunny fish 

0i^va> : See after dvydrrip 

Qvov, dva : an odoriferous tree. * A 
kind of wild cypress, the life tree/ 
Fac. Others translate it, the citron 
tree. Ildi' ^uXoy Bvivov in the Reve- 
lations is translated ' all thyine wood.' 
— Comp. diios, frankincense 

Giios, COS : thust frankincense ; a 
sacrifice, victim. — See 6uw 

Ovoff-Kita : I burn incense. — Fr. di;o« 
and Kiw=zKaiia, I burn, 31. From Svos 
and Ko^y or Koely, to think or under-* 

14 Perhaps derived, like d6X7ifia, fr. Bvo^; as 
properly a bag of incense. 

16 Ihere is no corn in the sack. 

16 Many sacks and bags of books. 

17 So black a firebrand has kissed over 


0YP 1 16 

stand, is Bvoir: 
al Ihe vigor o 
called w^p-Kiot, igm-spices, TH. 

&vpa: a door, gate.— rr.eiu. That 
Ihrougli which you may rush, L. So 
Virgil of the winds : ' Qui data 
PORTA, RUUNT.' ' Thorough, thorow, 
or thro is no oilier than ihe Teuto- 
nic thurah, atid like thi 
gate, passaEie,' HT. 
dur, ami door are a 
From 6upa Festus det 
block up 

" ■ >ut of doors; abroad 


1 ob-turo, I 


0upeos : 
irly Ihi 

rally. Hei 
— Fr. Bl'ia or flioi 
[ikiits it : Tpattiii 
pia/iara uipovaa irnl divXuTTOvm 
011117 '• 1" imposition, fine, 
— Fr. fliu, pono, impono, I 
In! hi,yipay,diirili 

Doi, persons looking Bfm, I place. Theophrdstus says of 
he flame, otherwise cotni'Eav eitOiaiioisavi'-TeB^. Conip. 

&u>fiiy^, lyos, !i : a cord or thong. 
— Fr. Tidufiai &c. That by which [ 
place together, or hold together things 
so placed. ' Vidimus vinclum Ihomici 
cannabini,' Lucil. ' Fasciculos facito, 
et iomice palmed ligato,' Coluindli. 
&i/pn, Gothic Or that which is formed of threadi 
lied. See Btrp. placed together 

6b>iii^ia : I bind or lash with a cord. 
— Comp. dbtfityZ 

Ouii^, biTTui : a flatterer, sycophapti 
— I'V. diw and ui|< ; pono, compono 
Tultum. ' Falsi ac festinantes vOtTU- 
QVE coMPOsiTO.'Tac. ' And fVane 
my face to all occasions,' Shaksp. 

Qiiirru, ypBi : I flatter, cringe. — Fr. 

Q&pa^i atos: thorax, the breast; 
armor for the breast, breast-plate. — 
Fr, Bdpcii, (asSi/maiid Sii/ioi, 5piira£fr. 
Sp^iru,) from the repeated springs or 
vibrations of the breast. 'Termina- 
tions in £ denote accumulation oi 
magnitude,' TH. ' Tkoraca simnl 
cum pectore ropit,' Virg. 

Ooipa^ : a kind of cup, by which, is 
by a breast-plate, one drinker was 
' against another, St. — AA. 
" asa jToXe/HCTTiipiO)'. 
AI.'££-aipe, Tral, Oilipana na/iiA Toy xaa. 
AA. 'Ev rjj&e wput Tovs ■Ko\titlovt 6m- 
pil^o/iai. AF. 'El" T^Se jrpoi roiit ^vfi- 
-TTDT-as ftBp7/Jo/<ai,^° Ariutojih. 

eiis, i^is : a kind of wolf. Bochatt 
makes it a mixture of the wolf and 
fox, which is common in Palestine. — 
Fr. BocsorBiui Qu ; frtim its swiftness 
or from the sharp forni of its mouth. 
Dm. ■ TAoesluporam genus, VELOX 
saitu,' Plinv, T?]^!' fjav BCes. Tiiyov 
Xlii.01 (ipuffavro, T^ijvoy \ii 'k ipv/loT" 

nposc. \iaiy &y-iK\ava€ daydyra,' TllcoCf. 

Horn. 0i)V[ia : Ionic form ofBavfia 

n obloug shield, covering 
hole body, so called from 
tfl resemblance to the form of a door. 
I-n the lime of Ilonier it signified a 
laree stone for closing up any plat;e, 
TH.— Fr. e»pn . 

Qiipaos: a dart or small spear en- 
twined with ivy und vine leaves, and 
borne by the Bacchanals in their pro- 
cessions.—' Puree, Liber, Parce, gravi 
nieiuendc ihyrao,' Hor. 

&iaavoi : a fringe or border. — Fr. 
ridvirat pp. of Guu ; from its vibra- 
tion, Dm. Zio-aro ii 5">'ijv iicaroy 
Ouaayou iipapvlay,'^ Horn. 

Qvala : a sacrifice; the act of sa- 
crificing ; the holidays or feast at- "["Epe Seupo, 
tending a sacrifice. — Fr. re0uo-ai " 

of Sixd 

Gvr^p: asacrificer. — Fr. j-eflm-ai 

Qxioi : See after Suyiirijp 
Bv-iipos: a lable dedicated to 
criticial purposes ; any lable ord 


0£koi: a seat.— For B6i 
. ofBo&Su), Comp. 

i : a heap of things placed kvoI flwii^c 
r. — FT.riBbi/iai pp. of Ooai^ 6i>^: . 



1 incite dogs as a liutits- 
nian, vociferate. — Upos 9cuv, Ipa/iai 

18 Sbe girt heiae\l witU a rone Irimmed sriiii 

19 We shall impose R Hae on ;du, old man. 

SDLA. Bring heie, liajr, Oie war breast- 
plate. DI. Briug oul, buy, for me the Cbp 
brcaiL-pJRte. LA. WUh Ibis I shall aim Bgninsl 
my encmiea. DI. Witb tbii I shall arm against 

nijrpol compamov). 

2 Fr. 9^1 : I set doga on, eatt, Bl. i 
eiaira Cr. tini. That Is, I am boroe oo oi 
on wiih clamor, Dm. 

3 B; the Coda, I like (o TocifeiUBM 




Y: 10, I^: 10,000 

2a: a sound, voice. — Perhaps fr. 
tor, I send. Kai:o-/xAerov lay vifi" 
^ w,* ^cfa. "I € r e iva-Opoov ahiay,^ 
Id. So Livy : ' Si vocem supplicem 
MITTERE licet' 

'latfkn : See alfiol 

'lalria: I liquefy, dissolve, make 
hot; dissolve with joy. — Fr. tw as 
Stalvuf fr. biia. Mitto, remitto, remit- 
tendo dissolvo, L. ' Eademque calor 
liquefacta remittit,' Virg. Idoi/era bk 
dvfior iavdtis,^ Horn. 

"Icuxos : laechuSy Bacchus.— Fr. 
iax^' from the vociferations of bis 

/dXe/iOf/ lijXefios: a melancholy 
ditty. — UaV'Vi^iov eXeeivoy IriXcfLoy 
&ii&povro,^ Ap. Rh. 

caXXftf :' I send, cast, hurl, throw ; 
throw at, bit.— "AXXov oiarroy Airo yev 
pji^yiaWev,*^ Horn. 

"lafifios :" a metrical foot like id/Mfi; 
a satire written in iambic m«tre. — 
' Quem CRiMiNosis cunque voles 
modum Pones iambis,* Hor. ' Syllaba 
Jonga brevi subjecta vocatur iambus,* 

laydos: some purple flower. — 

4 I will aeikid out an ill-tuned sound. 

5 Send out a harsh-sounding voice. 

6 And you were dissolved in your mind 
with joy at having seen it. 

7 rerhaps fr. iaXu fuc. of idXXot, as !& per- 
haps fr. &}. 

8 All the night they wept in a lamentable 
dismal strain. 

9 Possibly fr. Ums=^ or %», I send. Cwaf 
pane 2y8cUAo/iai. 

10 He sent another arrow from the bow- 

11 For Xafios fr. Xcm^if», I throw at From 
its calumniating nature, L. 

12 A healer of others, abounding yourself 
in ulcers. 

IS Possibly fr. Iciwass^ or T«, I send ; as 
Z{nrr» ir, Zim, * EM. absurdly derives it fr. 
turto ; but in a better manner fr. Xos*, Bi. 
Jones is mistaken when he supposes that the 
different senses of this verb can be explained 
only by an application to a Hebrew root. I 
shall introduce an observation by Vatckenaer : 
' The native roots of the Greek have no affinity 
to oriental tongues. The lengthened forms of 

Some derive it fr. lov and 6,vBo$ 

'lairrairacof : an exclamation. — See 

*l&ofxai : I cure, heal. — Fr. Icnasm 
ialyia. The ancient physicians applied 
tepid liquor for the purposes of heal- 
ing, TH. From pp. tarai is iarpos, a 
healer, physician. ''AXXoiv Iarpos^ a^- 
ros i\K€tny Ppvwy,^^ Soph. 

i&TTTU),^^ i//ei>: I throw, 16\Xm; throw 
at, hit, hurt, jSXdirraf, overwhelm. la 
Soph. Aj. 710 the sense is obscure.'^ 
— ^IloXXas 5* i<l>dlfiovs ipVYOs &'Ai irpo- 
-iaypey 'Up&wy,^* Hom. 'Ex' iiylpl rfh* 
laTTTeadai piXti, ^sch. 

"laffwis, ibosfii: jaspis, ^ jasper 

'laoTt : in the Ionian manner. — Fr, 
iaffTai pp. of laSia fr. las, as *1(U 
ii&XcKTos, the Ionic dialect 

*Iarraracc{{ rQy KaKuy, laTraral, 
Aristoph.: heu mala, heu. — Formed 
fr. the sound iirdT, L. 

* 'lai;, iavoi : exclamations of va- 
rious meanings, depending on the 

iavuf : I dwell, abide, or pass my 
time in a place ; I stable ; spend the 
night. — Perhaps fr. ai<a, wh. some 
deduce ahX^i, *Etyi>iroXXds fikr ii'Viryoys 

names often agree in sound with th6 Hebrew : 
but the agreement is fortuitous ; for the enticiBg 
charm of Hebrew dexivatioa soon passes away, 
when the words are referred to their Qreciaa 
origin.* However it must be confessed that, not 
only are the names of plants and animals gene- 
rally foreign, but many simple words as rpix!», 
rpiirm, kK*to», itxitfct, iccy^, X^yv, ^iX4», xdfitw, 
araiM, d8^s, £cc. The attempts of Lennep, 
Scheidy and Damm to refer these words to 
Greek roots seem to fail in their object. Len- 
nep's system of referring the Gredi language 
to the original sounds ow, cw, m^ ow, uw^ is, 
however, mainly affected by the truth or false* 
hood of his derivations of the simpler Greek 

14 "Owws fiot Nutria opxh/JuiTa ^W'i»y Idf^s, 
Br. quotes the glosses, Wju^y, 4fi-fid^ys ; and 
translates the passage : ' ut mecum Nysia tripu- 
dia capessas.' £. translates the word by cbrcir, 
tiiBd^cu, J. refers it to striking or hitting with a 
stick I and hence chastising, correcting, teach- 

15 He hurled to Hades many brave toals of 
heroes before their time. 


kwcrof iniiof,'* Horn. 

Javoi; apparently, I make to abide 
or rest, I ease, deliver, in Lycophr. 

'la^v : I vociferate, make a loud 
noise. — See 'laK-xpt 

'Ifia : Ihe ibis, an Egyptian bird, 
approaching to the storli kind 

lyhi) : a mortar. — For fiiyit) fr. 
fiiyu, I mix ; as 'ia for ^I'a, £M. 
Compare fiiylny 

lyvia : the hind part of the knee. 
— Dm. snpposeii it put for yvvn, fr. 
yiw, like yvuf. 'Ek toX^/joio 'HXSe, 
car' lyyiiiy fiejSKtjfiiyos o^ci ^aXxy, " 

'lia : mount Ida ; aud, from its be- 
ing covered with green wood, put 
for, green wood, trees 

"I^e : vide, see. — Imperative of a> 
2. of fISia 

'lie: the same as I'lii, and 

'liia ; fornr, figure ; face ; resem- 
blance, kind, species ; idea. ~ Fr, 
]&>v a. 2> of itiu, wh. tiiaiXoy, 

"Jiios: Special, peculiar, particular, 
iadividuai, private. — Allied to iiia, 
species, L. Hence iliiiiifia, idiom'^ 

'liiturqi: a private person opposed 
to one in public life ; a common man ; 
one untaught, illiterate, ignorant. By 
another transition, it signifieB in the 
word idiot an unvfise, foolish, sill-v, 
man. — Fr. ibiinTai pp. of iSidu ft. 

'tbittv : we know ; lo know. — ' For 
taiuv fr. iatifii. Homer has 'ihfitw; 
which arose either from changing a 
intoS; or was more probably abbre- 
viated fr. o'ibafiiv, as iTTtitiOfify fr. 
irnrolOtlncy,' M. 

iS/iuv : knowing, learned, skilful, 
— See 'li/Kv 

tiy6a>. 'liyuBri hi TEtrii', Horn. ' For 
iyiu,'" fr. Jyes. the fibres ornerves. I 
bend my body, my uervcs being con- 
tracted 1 as happens in various dis- 
eases, or when one is dying from a 

1G I bare pas&ed many ilecploas nights. 
IT He camB fiom batUe, aUuck by a btaaen 
swurd in tlje bind pari oS Ihe knee. 

18 AaljleoflaneuBgapEcuLiAH lonaUom 

19 The 3 is added in Sviifas also, and ia 
ao fhii ll II 


fatal wound. That this sense of iS* 
not underatood by the Iraniilators, is 
true, appears from the word itself and 
from the passages where it occurs,' 

"l&os: sweat, heat. — Fr. (Su==ii£tf, 
wh. vfiDs, iudor, L. 

"ihpis: knowing, learned, skilled, 
- — For (Sepii fr. ISu allied lo iSq/Ji, ei- 

'llpuu, and -t/ii : I seat, place, fin. 
— Fr. i5oi=ESos, sedes. ' Fr. th^ is 
Lat. sido (as ' sex' fr. ll,)' TH. 

'ihpiis, urof, '' : the same as ihot. — 
For ihcpiis ; fr. '5o[ 

'\i Ik: exclamations 

'lEPOS: sacred, venerable; and 
applied, like similar Greek adjeclives, 
tu any tiling eminent, graiid, mighty, 
&c., as lep^ ti (vis) TtiXe/inx"'"' Horn,, 
the august or noble strength of Tele- 
machus.—Hence Hiero-solyma, sa- 
cred Solyma, Jerusalem ; ktero-glg- 
pkics,' hier-arck)/ 

'lepqj,* aKos, ipi)£, ijKoi, ii : a hawk. 
— Antiochus, says Justin, was called 
Hierax, because he employed his life 
in seiaing the goods of others, not 
like a man bulbke a hawk 

'Jcpan/xai, -oo/iat. The gramma- 
rians observe rightly that UpovaBai is 
said of things consecrated to the 
Gods; IfpaaSai, of those who are 
engaged in the priesthood, R. — Fr. 

'Itpeiis, ios : a priest. — Fr. Itpos 
'Uv : a cry of ridicule, as Lat. 

'Ie'ui: I send. — See £u 

'l^m: I seat, place.— The siime as 

'iq: to, a sound made iu acclama- 
tions.— '!4, In, Uaiijoy, Ui fiiXos, Cal- 
lim., fo, to, Psean, miite telum 

'Iqioi, Ij'ios: Hii epithet of Apollo. 
* fdus. Stanley less correctly Intna- 
lates it, a darter, though Calliinachus 
seems to have derived it fr. liui. [See 
ii;.] Euripides seems to have derived it 

H'iib Dm. fr. SivJm vilh i pie£i. Comp. !rUr. 

1 Fr. y\i^, I engrave. Fur the Ejjjptiaa 
priests BpprnprialcJ ibeso chancteri and en- 
graved tbem in thiir lianiilta, and in oilier niu- 
iiuments coniccrated to religion. 

2 Fr. iffii! I frum Ihe ivgard paid to it in jb- 
', L- frum Jc/ai, I muve qojtklfi 




ft. In. The exclamatioDs 2i), ehdi, &c. 
are not to be referred to the Greek, 
but to the language of the Egyptians, 
from whom Greece borrowed its theo- 
iogy/ Bl. 

"Itl/Ai : I go. See iia 

"Itjfit: I send, send or throw at, 
hit; send out, emit, as the voice, 
utter. "le/iac, I send myself, or impel 
myself, move with rapidity to any 
thing aimed at, desire.— See ^a» 

"IBfMi, aros : going, movement. — 
Fr.t6i|v a. l.p. of iii»=lftf, eo 

*lOvs : straight, not oblique ; di- 
rect, right ; upright. *lOiws, straight- 
ly, quickly. — See ehdvs 

"XcM, iKOfjiai, Udvia, Uvdofiai ; and 
t|w a new verb formed from the fu- 
ture: I come, am come. "Lcofcai and 
Uriofiai are used also for, I come to a 
person in a supplicating manner, I 
supplicate. — ^The same as isia and 
HKia. See eKitv before ^Kari 

'UavoMi convenient, meet, ade- 
quate, sufficient, sufficiently great or 
long. — Fr. UavQ fut. of iKdrm, venio, 
CONVENio, L. From Udvia, I come 
without impediments, prepared, and 
ready. Dm. 

"JceXos : =seiice\os 

*Iie^i|f, ov: a suppliant. — Fr. ?ico- 

'IcfMu, dho£, 4: vapor, moisture, 
humidity. — ^Fr. lic/nai pp. of ikw, per- 
haps as coming out of the surface of 
things. So Homer has hfids ifin* 
"Ar-iKfios &ilp, Plato, A dry air 

"iKficvos : applied to wind coming 
after the ship so as to drive it on. So 
Lat. * ventus secundus' i. e. sequun- 
dus, wind following, J. — ^Part. pp. 

iKviofiai : I come ; come to ; come 
to as a suppliant. 'IjcvovfccKoy fUyeOos, 
a meet, proper size; comp. iKardM. 
Tovs fii^ara hcyierai, those to whom 
(the care or interest) comes to, or 
whom the matter reaches, chiefly; 
those roost nearly interested. — See 
Iku before tKavds 

iKploy : any plank, board or long 
piece of wood ; a mast, the planks 
composing the deck of a snip. — 
'Obveraffi aTdpetrav pfjyos re Xlror re 

N^os ix' IxpiSfty,^ Horn. 

"iKrap: near; nearly in point of 
time, lately. Also, directly, immedi* 
ately, as Idv fr. Im. — Fr. Wot pp. of 
iKia^Kia, from coming near or ap* 

"Ixrepos : the jaundice. — * Consulit 
iciericte lento de funere matris,' Jot* 
Icterical is a medical term 

'IcriK and Iktivos: a kite, the 

* 'IktIvos : a kind of wolf 

IktU, thoi, ii : a weasel or ferret. — 
Hence Ixribhi Kvvhft a-ibhf atrhf, a 
helmet made of ferrets* Ain. So 
* galea* fr. yaXhi 

"iKia : See before Uavdi 

"lAm, tXia, tXX^, tXX^ : I roll, move 
round; fold, twist, involve. — Allied 
to fiXitf, iXm, oXm. Hence Lat. tie, 
pi. ilia 

'lAow, iXtffii, tXatTKOftai : I am ap- 
peased, I become or am propitious, 
kind, merciful. Used principally in 
reference to the Gods. — * As fXtof, 
pity, fr. IXctf, so iXdm is fr. tX^. I 
am MOVED with compassion,' L. 
Hence IXapoi, hihtris, one who is 
made glad or exhilarated by the pa- 
cification or favor of the God8.*^lAa6ff, 
i balfwv, tXao$t^ Soph. 

'IXopos : glad, merry. — See above 

'iXeos : a den.— Fr. IXio^IXt^. A 
place where a serpent coils itself, J. 

''iXi;, eUi7: a conglobated body^ m. 
crowd, herd. — Fr. %X^ 

"IXtyf, yyos, o; and iXiyyosz m 
rolling of the eyes or brain, a vertigo^ 
dizziness. *lXiyyi&w, I am dizzy. — 

"IXiov, Hium, Troy. Hence the 

IXXas, dbos, ii : a chain or band 
rolled or wound. — Fr. 1XX%i 

"IXXos : the eye. — Fr. tXXa» 

'IXXos : goggle-eyed. — Fr. UXnr, 
from the twist of the eye 

'IXXi^oi: I roll, turn, or diatort 
the eye, wink, express my. wish or 
approbation by winking. — Fr. tXXos 
or "iXKia 

"IXXw : See after Ut^ 

*lXv6s : a den. — See IXeos 

'IXvs, vo$ : mjid, slime. — Fr. cXii», 
from the notion of rolling in the mnd. 

a They strewed for Ulysses a cofmtefptne 4 Be propitious, O God, be prdpitioas to 
and linen on the deck of the ship. n^c* 

I AT 1! 

L. Some compare tet 

IXvariofiai: satd properly of ser- 
pents tvUling or rollinp; in the mud. 
— An estended form of i\u« fr. IXiis; 
or fr. IXii and airiu 

'IXu : See before Waa 

'Iftas,' arros, o: a thong j whip, 
scoorge ; a sboestring. — Hence ifiaa- 
am, I whip. Kal ffi itXiiy^eiv fplagis) 
ifiiam, Hoto. 

'Ifiartov : a garment. — Fr.I^ai pp. 
of Tw, as el/itt fr. eiio^iai 

'Iptlpu: I deitre. — See 'ftepot 

'1/upot : impulse, longing for, de- 
aire. — Fr. I^oi pp. of iia, I send. "le- 
fiai, I send or impel myself 

'Ipi : fr. 'lai^loj, eo, I go 

ifion'a: a rope for drawing water 
froin a well, a bucket rope. — Perhaps 
allied to Ifi&s. 'l^ovio-irrpd^ov fiiKt}, 
Aristopb., Such songs as are sung 
by one who turns the bucket rope, 

if : to him. — Ou5' &-irldttaiy Iw, 

'Iva" ; ia order that, to the end 
that ; as iva 'ibri, in order that you 
may see. So that, or in which case 
I should or should have, with an 
indicative : 'Iva eihofiev S/i^iu, Horn. 
That, when, in which lime, as, *Tlie 
hour comes 'fa, when,' &c. Where, 
in which place, as ' There is fear, 
(Ivtt) where is modesty,' — Possibly 
JEttM may have been derived fr. 'ya 
or Fiya,' as marking limit of pla.ce 
and time, and the end or purpose of 
an action 

'1*0 t/ ; why 1 For iya ri yivttrai 
or yifOiro. 'Ii-a H ik tovto iparoy ; 
Quid ut fiat, hoc facilis 1 That what 
may happen, do you do this ? Hm. 

'lyiot, tot: appearance; mere ap- 
pearance, illusion. — Foridoc, (as fivioi 
fr. &iu,,) fr. Hoy a. 2. of dfu» 

'lvi6^o/iai: I am like, have the 
appearance of, appear. — Fr. ivBos 

^U. g. .Vu< : a fibre, nerve, muscle ; 
■trengtb, muscular power. — Fr. it is 
Lat. vis, vires 

10 INE 

'Ivitt ': I make empty, void, purge. 
—Hence Fac. derives inams, ifuiiiio. 

Ivioy : the nape of the neck. — ' Fr. 
ts, Ifui ; from its abounding in nerves,' 
Dm. Be/3Xil«< M^aMt xtira. iWov ojfi' 
ioupl," Horn. 

'Ivu, tot : a son or daugbler,— 'A- 
0TwAva£, "Eeropot Ivir, Eurip. 

iJoXoi: salacious, lecherous. — Fr. 
I£u(, the loins, as the seat of desire. 
' CClm carmina lumbum Intrant,' &c., 
Persius. "IJaXov alyos, Horn. 

'Ifit, nwc, $: a coming, approach, 
arrivul, — Fr. Tfiu fiit. oiUio 

'l£ui : viscous matter, glue, bird- 
lime. — Fr. i£ai pp. of 'ix^, I adhere. 
Fr. l^i=lKaDt=laxbi is Lat. vUctu 

iiv.,'" Joi : the loins.— Hepl hi gi- 
j-ijv /3aXer' l^v'i KoXqi', ■)(piitKiiiv," 

'Ifw : See iku before havu 

"lev: (iiion, wh.) viola (as 'par- 
vula' fr. ' parvus'), a violet 

"Jovflot : dowu. — Apparently allied 
to '6ydos=&veos, h, 'Tom mihi prima 
genas veslibat flore juventa,' Virg. 
Jones derives it fr. loi- and fivew: 
'That which bears a purple flower' 

'lopcoi ; a kind of goat. — AopKoin 
Kal iopxovs, Oppian. See bop^ 

'lot: a MISSILE weapon. — Fr. lu 
=r<^, I send, 'loy ?q«, Horn. 

'lot : poison, as being used to 
tinge the points of weapons ; or as 
SENT from the fangs of venomons 
serpents. Rust, as eating and cor- 
rupting metals like poison, — See 
above. Bl. writes thus : ' The pri- 
mary sense of los was, black. Any 
thing black was called from it, as 
violets, iron, poison. Hence a dart 
was called lis from its being headed 
with iron' 

X6-fuapoi ; Fr. I6ti See iyyeal-fm- 

lot, \a, 'toy : one. — Perhaps put for 
filot, fila, fday. See fila 

'Idriii, Tjroi, 4 ■ impulse, iostiga- 
tion. — Fr. 'iia='Ki>, I seud, impel 

G Fr. Ifui p 


S From lu, I send, L. 

t So •EnnuB' fr. tlpfoi. So ■ (ui 

edby VoJ8.»iidVal. IJr." 

Iby VoJ8.» 

Abti, iWi. Ab iaanon *cl Gbrillanun 
nwta lel eiacualiaac, L> 
9 He bad vemdsd him oa the anpe of the 

(he applicBlion aock wilh a Bbkrp spear. 

la Dm. derives it h. {^: • Foi men U'c 
tlie power and are wont to icralch this put.' 
Corepwe i^B. L. detivei it fr. t£«i pp. of fx». 




**loi, lav: exclanmlioas of Tmrious 
import, io, ok, ok, heu 

* *lowXis : some fish 

"lovXos: down, the first beard of 
a joung man. — Hence Serfius de- 
rives lulus: * At puer Ascaoius, cui 
nunc cognomen lulo,* Virg. 

*16<^ or o^ : sounds of aversion 

"Iwvot : a lantern.— ^Iir»'ovf &)(pyr€s, 
€v ik raiii "iwyoiai irwp,'* Aristopb. 

*Iwv6t : a furnace, stove, oven, 
Toup translates it, a sink. "Iwros, la- 
terna; Ixyos, latrina. — Hence (i. e. 
f. Ixy) J. derives oven, Gotb. atrfn 

?x«,'5 4»r«, lir6(a : I hurt, over- 
whelm, press, lairritf. — Tifitiaas fikv 
i/Ji^, fiiya 6' tyl^ao Xaoy •AxaiCv,'* 
Horn. From twtt or Fiwia Ainsworth 
derives vipera 

Iwot : any thing which overwhelms 
or presses on any one ; a burden. In 
Aristopb. Plut. it is construed, a 
moose-trap : 'O 8' Twos fi/juy Ij-ariV^f 
iXe^yrtyos.^^ — Fr, ijr« 

'Iww-aypirai: ofiicers in Sparta, 
appointed to assemble the cavalry. — 
Fr. imros and Ayp^a»=Sypai=aye/pitf 

'hrwawal : * 'Fwrvarral was an ex- 
clamation by which the rowers incit- 
ed ea<:h otben Here, as the horses 
row, the rowing exclamation is Jo- 
cosely iwwawal,' Br. on Aristopb. £q. 
602 . 

^Irwo'fiayis : a plant, which, when 
eaten by a horse, makes him furious. 
But the Schoi. on Theocr. says that 
it is a carbuncle or a piece of flesh 
on the forehead of a foal when cast, 
which, if eaten or licked off by the 
dam, inspires her with affection for 
her youpg ; but, if neglected, suffers 
her to bate it, J. ' Quaeritiir et nas- 
ceotu equi de fronte revulsus £t 
matri pnereptus amor,' Virg. — Fr. 
iftayov (wh. mania) a. 2. of fialvm, 
* Hippomanes, quod saepe malte le- 
gere novercir,' Virg. 

innOZ : a horse. 'H cinros, the 
cavalry ; as we say, the horse. *irvo 
in composition expresses greatness 
or intenseness, like jSovs. So, horse- 

la Having lanterns and fire in tbe lan- 

IS PoMubly fbnned fr. lot. See Idirrtc* 

14 Yon have honored me indeed, bat have 
greatly hurt Uie people of the Greeks. 

Iff And our movse-trap tuddeoly was tam- 
ed to iToiy. 

chesnut^ . horse-laugh, Ac. -^ Hence 
Lat. ep'hippia (< Optatepik^ta bos,' 
&c., Hor.) and kippo^potamus, the 
river-horse. Ainsworth derives equuM 
fr. Ukos the .£olic form of imtos 

'IxTo-9rdffcs iitkiov : the place where 
the horses of the sun stand and rest ; 
the west. — Fr. iaraaai pp. of err&m, 

ivrafiat : I fly ; hasten. See rcra- 

iirrw, «irw : See after iiry6s . 

TpiyJ: See iipa^ 

^I/ocf, los, ihos, y): the rainbow.— 
' /r/«, Mille trabens varies adverse 
sole colores, Devolat,' Virg. 

'Ipos: the same as i€p6t m 

/If, lyos : See before lyim 

"Iflrjf/xi: I know* — For "loaroy and 
iflrare, "rnroy and ttrrt are. used. From 
these'^ perhaps flow Xmap, oposl one 
who knows or is acquainted with 
things; and loropigt, historj^, and his- 
torian, one ^ho informs others of 
what he knows 

IffO/ios : * ^ an isthmus, a neck of land, 
or line of separation 

"laiKos, iatKwy: the Latin isicium 
or in-sicia, fr. seco ; a kind of sau- 
sage, in-secta caro 

*iaK(a : I liken ; I think or suppose 
like, as efik aol iaKoyres, takiug me for 
you ; I liken to truth, feigu, as, laKs 
\l/evbia woWa, Hom., he feigned many 
false things. I guess, invent reasons 
for any thing doue, or for any thing 
which should or should not be done. 
Thus, after Lynceus in Theocritus 
represents himself as having proposed 
some reasons against an action, he 
says : "laxoy roiabe woWa, —For eia- 
jcwr=6i«:o>. L. compares it with "laos, 

"lafia, QTos : a monument. — Fr. 
iff/Liac pp. of ([^ci;==i^w, I make to 
sit, place, as iipvfMa fr. ibpv*f 

"Jaos,^^ laos: equal or like.; im 
equal measure, degree or dimensions ; 
equal to one's wishes, adequate. A 
shield equal on all sides, i. e. having 
one part on one side corresponding 

16 L. derives Torwp fr. T« and hence tmuu. ' 

17 For iBfibs ft, t^ a. 1. p. of ISw, I go. 
* A narrow space by which we may go from 
one coantry to another/ L. 

18 Fr. TdTw Int. of Ut, renio, conTenio, I 
agree, L. 




liT 1-2 

to BnotheT on th« other tide. — To 
receive "laa Ayr' iiraiy, like for lite. 
Hence an Uo-tceks triangle" 

■ISTHMI, ft. ffTij/iL, fr. ari^: I 
cause to stand ; place, erect, raise, 
fix; ratify ; appoint, institute ; make 
to slaad still, keep back, restrain. 
1 weigh, as persons >veigliinj; any 
thing make the tongue of the balance 
stand perpendicularly. The perfect, 
pluperfect, and second aorist have a 
neuter, the other tenses generally an 
active sense. Thus ar^yai, to stand ; 
to stand erect ; to stand still or off, 
pause, desist ; to remain ; to loiter ; 
to slaiid against, resist. laraaOai war, 
to cause it to he raised, to make war. 
The spring {larapivoio) being at hand, 
»ere iii-stanle, ■ — Fr. maid, arw, is 
Lat. gto. Fr, fn-arai pp. of aravi, I 
WEIGH, are hydrostatics^' 

'larla : the same as im-ia 

'loTot: the mast of a ship.^Fr. 
itfrodi. Oi i' iiTTDr orftirajTo,' Hom. 

'lariov : a sail 'Ev S' i^df r' h-i- 

OeVTo Kal iaria tTj'i,* Horn. 

'loras'. a loom, web i sail or can- 
vass of a ship. — Fr. iar&u. So sta~ 
mm fr. sto 

'laraip, opoi : knowing, skilled ; skill- 
ed in the circumstances of the case, 
an umpire : 'laropa i' 'ArpefSiji' 'Aya- 
ftifo-ova deio/iev £/i^ii),' Horn. Hence 
loTopiiMi, I know, am acquainted with ; 
visit places to become acquainted 
with them ; ask, enquire for infur- 
malinn and knowledge. And laropia, 
knowledge, information ; giving in- 
formation to others of things known 
to myself; a history, story. See 

"lo^fu, taynvio, io^avitbt : I hold, 
contain; hold or keep in, restrain. 
"IiT^ouai, I hold to, adhere, stick to. — 
For ix". 8ee e^u 

'lox"^*"* '• ^^y '• ''■'''' roeagre, — Fr. 
iirxu, I hold in. Held in, contracted 
into a narrow space. Dm. From iff^^w, 
I adhere. Things dried and so con- 


ngly they cdht^^' 

19 Haring 

20 Theacii 

a two 1^1 eqnal. 3«Aoj, 
ce of weigbiog fluidi. Fi. SSaif 

densed, the more strongly they c 
the more ihey areatleimated, L. 
'lox^si abas, ii; a dried fig, — See 

'lox^ov:* tile hip, the thigh bone, 
— Hence iTj^iahmdi, wh. tciatiea and 
sciatic: 'Wliich of your hips lias the 
most profound sciatica ?' Slmksp. 
' Ruek'd with sciatic, martyr'd with 
the gout," Pope 

'la^riu : See ^^oi and lnxw 

'lof(yoi: the same as fo^aXeoi 

"lo^ui, iioi, 1) : strength, robustness, 
firmness.— Fr. iVx"- From the so- 
lidity and firmness of the flesh, L. 

'iaxupi/s: strong, robnst, vigorous, 
firm, powerfiil, vehement. — Fr. layjis 

'\a\ui '. See after 'trrup 

"IiTui : equally, likely, probably, 
perhaps, likely.— Fr. 'tans 

'Irta: a willow; a willow spear.^ 
Possibly from Vroi pp. of some word 
5iii=J*u, Lat. vieo wh. vimen. Stmt 
compare withe, withy 

'Iria, "iTVi : amb-itus, circu-iivs, 
circumference; circumference of a 
shield.— Fr. Irai pp. ofiu,, eo 

'It^di-, iTTp-tof : eundum est. Ir^ov 
rfioi, I must go.— Fr, 'irat &c, 

'Irirs, ov; hafiiii : one who goes 
readily and boldly; one who Goits 
loo boldly, rash, headstrong. ~Fr. 

irpiov : the paunch. — The same as 

*'irpiov: a kind of cakeorpudding. 
■Possibly a kind of hogs' pudding. 


'Irus : See Ma 

-Fr. Ifli 

S Idt 09 both make Agtunenmon, the son 

also generally to any noisf 
or Iw, Bl. loB ioi liJ^e Kal 136a, ijch. 

Bonv, aeuv. Soph. 

Ivyq : a confuted noise, cinnor. — 
Fr. l6Soi. Bapfiap6'^a>Kirv tvyi)v,' Her. 

''i'y£. yyo' '■ a wag-tail, of supposed 
use in enchantments. — -"Itiyf, Skxe re 
T-^TOf #fiuv7ro7-iSu^arof ai'Spa,*Tbeocr. 

'lu'iT^i ; one who has a shrill voice, 

of Atieuj, umpire belwcen us. Bttoia^ for 

4 Fr. loxui I buld. From its sappoiting 
the body. 

5 A clBTOot ptocEOding from (he (Oicu el 

6 Wag.MJl,d[aw joultwtBUUi toaQ tMK, 


a pip«i^-<4'r. KvmH pp^ of /i^d^. "Aw^ 
^fiv ivm If f I'oXicas,? Tbeecr. 

^Ifi : br«vf ly, strongly.—' Fr. fc^ 
M#. ^ ia a termUiatioiiy a& ip /3/it^i/ 
Nagel, With atr^ngtk. Hence //rAi- 

"l^tfMt: brave, stroQg.r— For i^i/Mi 

"Ixo^: a very dubious word in £sch., 
and probably a corruption. Some 
translate it, immediately; and in this 
sense it migiit come fr. Ixa p. of 
€Kta, as im-op fr. icrac pp. of iKtt 

'Ix^i^f : a fisb ; a fish market. — Fr. 
iX^ai pp. of ix<i»> I adhere. From its 
viseoas nature. Hence idhf^-hgy 

"Ixvo^,* eoff : a footstep. — * Hence 
Ichnusa, the ancient name of Sardinia, 
fra« its vesemUiug a footstep. And 
ickmeumim, ibe Egyptian rat, from its 
TRACING out the crocodile and asp, 
like the hound/ Fac. 

*lx»*«^Ai*»' : an Egyptian rat.— ^ee 
above* ' The ickmevm^n makes it the 
whole business of histlife to break Ibe 


9gg% of tba efocodUe/ Spectator 

"Jx^^: See ly^w 

*Ix^* wpM, • : glutinous natter oa 
liquor, saniQus matter, &c. — Fr. {x«H 
I adhere, stick. ' The pus from a* 
ulcer of the liver, gioufiog thin aad 
ichorous, corrodes the vessels,^ Ar-i 

txlf, ix«f : a worm hurting timber.-^ 
Fr. ixf# 

'I^ : an exclamntion of grief, as U§ 
fioi fioi, ah me me. And of joy, aa 
t>, in *Io triumphe..' Generally, m 
confused noise 

imy^i a shelter. — Tlkff^ W^ yXfr» 
^HPp cviov, Bo/a^ftf W Imyi,^ Hoaiu 
O* yap iaay Ai/i^Kct . , ov& iw-utya^^^ 

'Inn^: a sound, aoise^ bfaul«-^'E( 
Mfioia Imis, Hom. Srfe i^ 

Uaidi and ktxfjios: pursuit, roiit.-rT^ 
For itMKn and in%*xM^^^^»*yfito% fr»ie* 

bi^yfiOA pp. of btUHCi^ 

'lAra : an iata^j^t 


K' : 20. K, : 20,000. The num- 
ber 1 1 is marked i&, 12 c/?, &c. 

K is sometimes used for x by the 
lonians, as ^kms for Srias 

KATA : its primary sense is exer- 
tion or tendency downwards, or situa- 
tion down, as in cata-ract^^ and cata- 
-eomW^ It seems deVived fr. xiKarai 
pp. of irdw, caVo, I hollow, and to ob- 
tain its senses from this action which 
is made downwards. It implies (1) 
down from, (2) down upon, (3)against; 
for; in relation to, concerning, with 
application to, in reference to the ob- 
ject aimed at ; (4) similarly it means, 
on account of, with a view to, with a 
regard to, in pursuance of, (5) in con- 
formity to, in accordance with, in si- 
militude to ; (6*) also down under, (J) 

7 The piper Menalcas sang. 

8 Fr. ix»j mi]€h in the same manner as the 
Latini say ' fib mq vestigia/ L. For Ikmos fr. 

hofin. Dm. 

9 They slept under a hollow rock, under 
shelter (ftem) the North wind. Bl. translates 
it, under or beneath the ' hissing' of Boreas ; 

in the course of, during, in reference 
to the course of the action, (8) by, in 
reference to the medium, (9) nearly, 
about, in reference to distance, (10) 
near, in the vicinity of, in reference tp 
approximation to the object. (11) It 
is finally used in a distributive sense, 
which may be derived, as Ormston 
observes, from the notion of hollow* 
ing, cleaving, and dividing expressed 
by Kaia. Thus: (1) He went down 
from (irara) the top of Olympus. (2) 
To pour water down upon (icara) the 
hands. To vow Ka9 iKaTOfifhis, by 
imprecations cast down on a heca- 
tomb : i. e. to vow a hecatomb. To 
swear (irara) leaning on a victim ; i. e« 
to swear by it. To sit (rara) down 
on seats. (3) To shoot against a 

and depves it fr. iA* Comp. M, L. soj^ies 
luy^ to be connected with ia6v, Pm, denras 
it fr. Ml and &7w> I break. 

10 For there were not harbors, nor shelteii 
or recesses. 

11 Fr. HffiwTw pp. of ^4a<rp, I dssh SglttDSt. 

12 F|. «^»^9ef|aMl«wreceti.. . 



mark. To Ue againsllhe Deity. To two, two al a time. Knr^ vilMpi^ 

say an; thing (cara) Bg;[iinst any one ; village by village. To al lack tarit 

or for any one, in praise of any one. a few niiips, i. e. with few skips atn 

So, to pass an encuniiiim {Kara) Jown time. Kara each year, or Kara year, 

'; in (his every year. From the idea of division 

constructioa often expi 
in relation to. Tn say any ihing(icard) 
n relation to, conceriiin!;, asapperlain- 
ingto, of, anyone. Swift (irara) in rela- 
tion to the feet, as to Ihe feet. So, He 
as pained (Kara) in relation lo, as lo, 
regard lo his heart ; about, at, or in 
3 heart. A circumatance (Kara) ap- 
plying to all. So Kaff oKof, as ap- 
plying to Ihe whole, universally, ami 
hence cath-o/ic. (4) To sail out, 
(itara) for the sake of, with a view to, 
plunder. It was done on account of, 
from, haired to the Lacedxoionians. 
They acted with a view to, in pur- 
suance of, the commands of Tliemis- 
locles ; i.e. with that object before 
Ihera. (5) Or, they acted in confor- 
mity to the commandsofThemislocles. 
So,Youwilliind my father and mother 
not (rara) agreeably to, in confor- 
mity to, Mitliridales; i.e. not such 
persons as Mithridatea, very different 
from him. Persons inril /le (me), of 
the same kind as, uf the same charac- 
ter as, of Ihe same station as, myself. 
I'bingii greater than Kara /if, than 
what accords with me and my powers; 
i.e. things too great forme. Thus 
catalogue is from i:ard \uyov, accord- 
ing lo a reckoning or calculation, (6) 
To go uuder the earth. (7) In tlic 
course of the voyage. In the course 
of, or during, the war. During (kut-q) 
the time of Solon. Men Karu fit, du- 
ring my time; i.e. my contempora- 
ries. (8) To go by land or by sea. (9) 
Nearly or about 70 years. (ICJ) The 
Uermus empties itself in the sea tarh. 
ifuxaljfv, near, in the neigh ho urhood 
of, the city Phocsca. Kara fl-ar^pai 
(pattes), near iheir fathers, near whtrie 
their fathers were seated. (II) An 
army fighting ^ara bio (duo), two by 

nay flow also the phraae 
Himsftf mra, by, himself; i. e. alone 

Karii with its case is often expressed 
by an adverb. Knra jialpav, properly, 
litly. KoTii /joffjDv, giadually. Kara 
SfiaTOs, vehemently. Kara fiipoi, in 
Inrn. Kara irdSa, directly. Kuril ro 
ia)(vp6y, with force, valde, M. 

Ka^a>>\ni ■■" a pack-horse, ca6a;- 
Iws, wli. cavalry 

Ki^/3aXe; for MTa-^aXe for Kar- 
■i^akt fr. /3d\Xu, 

Ki&nV- formV 

KofSos: a meal or nine measure.— 
Like Kahos, eadm, fr. kqu, caVo, from 
its holiowneas, L. 

Kayyoi'v; fur Kara yd^u 

Y^ayyj/iSia : I burst into langhter 

ridicule.— Fr. the 

md, L. nd) 

ay\aiovTiiii' yKiipams, Soph. 

xayxaknio: I biirstout into laugbier 
or exultation. — Some derive this aUo 
from the sound. Dm. supposes it 
put for Kara-yoKaia, I relax myself 
into laughter or joy. Tptvs b' eU inrc- 
pf av-r^i'irraro rayx"^"™'"* Horn. 

Kayxatos: dry, — By redo pi. for^a- 
yoi fr. xivi ful. of x"'''". 1 gape, i. e. 
with dryness, S. Others derive it fr. 
Kupiu" fut.of KaiVw. Proper for cut- 
ting. siiKa KQ'j'X'"'''! Horn. 

Kdhoi : cadus, a cask, barrel ; an 
uru or vote box. See ko^os 

tafu.'^ Of this verb only tlie pp. 
KiKaufittt is used, nhicli signifies, I 
surpass, excel, am distinguished above 
olluTS, — 'HKiativ tKiKaaro 'Ey^rf ff 


* Id. Kai , 

fioXon-i Kf va ff/iitvc, ' " id. 

KciCIa: as, &c. See arc 

Ka8-alpm : I purge, cleanse, clear. 
— Fr. aipiia. I. e. I take away or re- 
move dounwarda. Fr. pp. KtKa&aprat 

3 For Kog-BiMiTis !oi KaTa'$ik\Tis fr. HaT I burn, D 

0dMw, de-jkid, s> ' clllellaiiui' fr. i,4iAnai jield, ove; 

pp. ofxAiKv, L. Coinpate keCtctoi'. inther met 

14 And the old wonran went up with ciul- 17 He 
(■tiao into the U])per chambns. spear and 

15 Compare trDAu-tayxi^i. IS Eic< 
te Fr. Hdu=Kit, ivb. xiiiii, &c. HencE the 

Tlie fame i 

HI wguld lbn> 
eijuiJi in age in Ilis 




are cathgriie$, purging niedicines utility ; the critical point betweea too 

K60apfiaf aroii tbat which is pur- much and too httie» niodeiation# Ton 

ged off, filthy refuse, &c, — See above come ivxaipf, opportunely, ik-propoa. 

• Ka0-4ri# : I come down to, come to, — Fr. xap or xatp in reference to the 

reach, reach to, appertain to. KaB-iiKtt extreme point' or turn of the moment. 

fioc, it appertains to roe, is my busi- See above 

uess ; con-venit raibi, it becomes me Kaipiot : of supreme importance, 

KAI : and ; also. — Hence Lat. {ke vital, essential ; vital, as applied to 

or) ^tie, as * ci^m ' and * quuni,' ' co- wounds, i. e. made in a critical part. 

cua' and 'coquus/ *Ayafiifiyovi sal M«- — Fr. caipds 

vtXaf, Horn., To Agamemnon and Koipot : thread. — Homer has tcoipo* 

Menelaus. UpiA/toto Kat^Eicropos, Id. 

coia&is: a cave or hollow place 
into which culprits were thrown at 
Sparta. — Fr. xa/oi^iraw, caFo, L. "E- 

ffiutv 6doyitay, of fine threaded linen 
KcuM, Kata, r^, xav^ : I bum. — 

Fr. KiKuvvrai pp. of cavi# is umstic 
Kajcdw, KaKK^ta : caeo, KaK^y aut 

yviaoav oi AaKebatfAovtoi p/i^c irArrai kukk^^, vox puerulorum quk utantur 

is Tov Kaiabav,^^ Pausan. 

Kaixias:'^ the north-east wind. — 
* Now from the north Boreas and C^e- 
cias and Argestes loud And Thrascias 
rend the woods,' Milton 

raivos: new. — ''A-Trt^r', i-wiirra, 
Kaira, Kaiva hiptcofiai,* Eurip. 

Kalyta: I slay. — Fr. Kata, (caFo, I 
hollow or cleave,) as jSa/rm fr. /Sam, 

Ciyuf fr. f&ia. Hence jSoa-ica/vi^, wh. 
t. fascine. 'Ejcdver*, hdyere roy 
tLpiOToy 'Axaiuv,^ Eurip. 

cacare significantes 

KaK'tyTpix^ia : See iy^tpe^s 

KaKKalifi, KaiciiPii : a pot or pan.— 
By redupl. for ro/Sif allied to K6pos, L. 
' Alborum calicum atque aicalwnim,* 

Kaaca^i^ : I make a noise like a 
partridge, owl, &c,- — Fr. vocjcajSii, 
(a partridge, &c.) which seems formed 
from the sound, L. 

KaKKeioyrti IjSaF olicSyie HatnOi, 
Hom., each went home to lie. down or 

Kaiyvfiai : I conquer, surpass. — sleep. — For jcara-ire/oyrcs, fr. xeUtzs: 

"H ^a yvvaiKuy ^vXov ixalyvro dijXvrc- ftrccftac. The present is used for the 

p&uy ^bei re fieyiBtt re^^ Hesiod future, S.^ 

Kap, KApa, arosi the head, top, Kac/Sw : I vilify as evil or treat 

extreme point, — ^There appear, says evilly, vituperate. — Fr. KaKi$ 
L., to have been four forms, cap, c^p, Kdicov : evil ; ill, misfortune. — Fr. 

Kop^ Kvp, from which various words kok^s 
have arisen, conveying the idea of KaKo-j^iKnis : an evil-doer. — Fr. 

head, top, point, extreme |»oint. Fr. 
Kvp is Kvpos, headship, dominion, sup- 
posed to be allied to the Persian Cy- 
rus, Fr. Kvpos is Kvpios, a lord or 
master, and iu the New Testament, 

ifipeicrai pp. of ^S^. See Ipyw 

KAKOS :7 bad ; bad (soldier), 
cowardly, dastardly; bad (servant), 
slothful, unprofitable ; bad (beast), vi- 
cious, mischievous; bad (disease), 

the Lord ; hence KvptaKos, appertain- deadly ; bad (form), ugly, J. — Hence 
-iuj? to the Lord, wh. by corruption caco-tthes, a bad habit, and eaco-pkO" 

(kiriak) kirk and church 

Kaipds: the very nick of time, the 
point of the moment, the critical 
point ; tempus opportunum, opportu- 
nity ; time in general ; convenience, 

20 The LacedAftionians resolTcd to throw 
tbem all into the pit. 

1 As blowing from some river called Caicus, 
Bl. From [ic^icodca p. of] Kolwf I bum, L. 

2 I see tbiDgs incredible and new. 

8 Yon have killed the best of the Greeks. 

4 Who surpassed the race of tender women 
in form and stature. 

5 Compare &Kft4* 

6 Who obscTYes that it is not a desideratiTe 

ny, a bad sound. And hence Cacus, 
the robber in Virgil ' 
. KaK6ia : I treat ill, injure, oppress, 
vilify. — Fr. xaKds 

K&KTos : some thorny plant or 

Terb, as is generally supposed ; such verbs 
being funned from the future. 

7 Fr. Kiiuuca p. uf kJm ajilied to Kttv, I 
sleep. I. e. inactive, L. So xc^ (^li* X*'^ 
and x*^o/uu) existed as well as x^« Ot it is 

fr. icd«=x^> ^^* X^'B'y ^ fi»i^c ^<^y* 

8 So Fac., who objects that the first syllable 
opposes this derivation* But tb^ syllable is 
either long or short. 


KAA 1 

lllialle.— "floir^ uit rdc ro>' voia xaKrot 
STv^iet/," Tbeocr. 

KaXajiilirTli :i=ujKii\a/3uri]t 

Ki\a6oi i calat/tus, a bucket 

Kaka/ioi : a reed, slraw, pipe, [tva. 
— Hence calamus Hiid culmut 

KaXas: fair, beautiful, comely, ele- 
gant ; gracerul ; fair, open, honorable, 
as we speak of A FAIR rival. Beautiful 
or excellent in general to tlie eye or 
mind: ' Thai wliich made her fair- 
ness much the fairer was that it 
was but an ambassador of a mO'St 
FAIR mintl,' Sidney. Favorable, pros- 
peious, aa we speak of a fair wind. 
It is applied also to a shameful aclioi), 
as being specious and externally fair, 
much in the same sense as that of < a 
splendid villain' in Chaucer. - Hence 
kal-eido-Kopc.'° Fr, iL-dXXas, beauty, 
is Calli-ope" 

Ka\a-iiir8rt : ealamint, a plan). — 
Fr. niXos and /ilyBi/. Fair mini 

KaXupils, 'i&os : i fishing reed or 
(od- — Fr. utXafiot 

Ka\a/ilaKas: a quill from which 
surgeons dropped ointment inio a 
aore eye. — Fr. KaXa/jus 

KaXapiTis: an animal living among 
Keds, a grasshopper.— Fr. ta\afios 

aakavpo^, oros : a shepherd's croob . 
— ^Ooiroi' tIs t' ?ppij« naXaiiptnra jiav- 
miXot avitp, "H 6^ ff fXioffo^ecTj ictrarai 
iia 0ovt ayiMiat,'^ Horn. 

KaXioi,'' kXeui: I call, summoii, 
name, — Hence Lat. calendte. Fr. te- 
kXijithi pp. of kXcu is ec-ckaia. Coia- 

KaXav:'* wood. — ' ScJnde, puer, 
ealam ut caleas,' Lucilius, Hence 
calo, onit ; primarily, a boy hired for 
bringing wood : ' Flutes calonea alijue 
cabal li,' Hor. 

KuXm: a cot, cabin; bam; nest. — 
Ut CE roi apaiov jiiirou irKiiOutri ta- 
Xidi,'' Hesiod. FromraXov, says St., 
as made of pieces of wood. The 

9 Ai a iheep whoiB foot Iho cacla^ has 

10 An instmmnit fur 
EBoj, a form ; eKexia, I 

11 Having B fail »oice. *OiJ, Mis, a vuice. 

12 As far aa aorae iliepherd U woiit lo Ihroa 
hia crook, wbicb flies loliiog througli the grcga- 

16 KAA 

quantity opposes this derivation. Com- 
pare however cdXAifoc 

KaXiy&eu : I roll, turn about. Kit 
XtvSen/iai, as Lat. versor, I am engaged 
about or in.^Tlie sanie as cuXii'^ew 

KaXiurp^u ; I call. — Fr. KCKoXiorai 
pp. of i:aXiu = i!a\ioi 

KaWo'iof. a eocks gills. — Fr. <cX- 
Xdi, Allied to KaWurofJoi, I set my- 
self off in proud array 

KaXXdiVos; 'Tile colorofiuoM gems 
is derived from the name of the gems, 
as the hyucirilhiiie from the hyacinth. 
But the gem callaica or calldiaa is 
called from the color calldinut, fr. 
KuMalov, Hes. explains KnXXuia by 
cocks' gills, and every color of a pur- 
ple hue. And EM, explains KoXXaiioir 
by ' the florid color or what is called 
Venetian.' We call it sea-greea," Sal- 

ta\Xtlw(a ; for Kara-XeiVw 

KdXXii'os: wooden. — For kmXiivs fr. 
tdXov or k-dXor 

KaWinTeiop : a reward attending Uie 
greatest beauty or grace of form oi of 
action,— Fr. cuXKiarot, a superlaliTe 
from niKkos 

KaXXoc, cos; KuXXof^; beauty. grace. 
— Fr, loXdt 

KdADf: See after koXcw 

KaXis ; Sec before KaXu/iiVflij 

Ka\vTrru, ipa : I hide, cover, con- 
ceal. — H, the Apo-calypse or the Re- 

KaXu^rj: a covering, shelter, hut. 
— Fr. iKoXv^ov a. 2. of KaXuirrw 

KoXirdCv, EvSvi bk icpoT-bpafiiov ry 
fTTTji, Koi iiapa-\afiuv rqv ifvta.v, ew 
-itiTp^ipe irpDc Toy f/kior' fiixpa bi oSnt 
irapa-saKirdaas Koi Karn-i^otu, ut lApn 
TrXqpDu/ievof &ufiov naX wtiifiaroi, iiwv- 
-ppii^at liauxii '"')•' X^^f*"^" '^''' fier-tm- 
piaatabroy, aatfaXiit )rfpt-e/3j(.'' 'Plu- 
tarch means that Alexander, holding 
the bridle iu his hand, incited the 
horse to run a little distance, ruu&ing 

r huai maj bo full of 

15 That the 



13 Comp. Ki'Xai or xiKXa. Tliere weio ■ 
giaaliy, says Vk., Iwo furms kiIaiii, ircAa>. 

14 For kiUAjw fr. /da, 1 faoUow, deate ; 


i; pretty funns. Iti Wtin ubsetves that th% callaicnni HnTum 

of Marlial U of another color, and is called &. 
the Gallaei of Portugal, i. e. the Go/ficiani 
□r Spain. 

17 And, liaying directly ran np to da 
horse, and seized its bridle, he toroed it lo- 
wardi the sun, and havnig run by its side and 
psCled il, finding it fall of life and apiric, he 
gently tUrew awBj hia vest, and, nusiDg hi jldf 
up, muuntcd itaafely. ^^^H 




by it and keeping op frith it, and then 
petted it» and aftefwards moonted it. 
So Badsnsy who explains ^KdXar&Seiv, 
to urge on a spirited horse, and sap- 
poses gaUap to come from it/ St. 
ruXn^y'' k^Xttis : an urn or pitcher. 

re, '9 Aristoph. 

KoXvf, vKos, 6 : a rose shut, or the 
case which holds its ilower ; husk of 
wheat; peel or skin inclosing any 
thing. — Fr. tuXd^ia fut. of KaXvvena^s: 
mikhrm. H. Cafy^ 

rdXv£, vKos: a ring, says E., like 
the KoXvi <>f s flower. — KoXvkAs re ical 
ipiiiov%f Horn. 

KaXi^^ : « covering, case ; co- 
vering for the head, veil. — Fr. ca- 

KaXvifriif : See before KaXvflrf 

KoXxalyia : I am deeply intent on, 
meditate. — ^Ti b' ivri ; hrikois yap ri 
Ktkk'x^lvovtr iros,^ Soph. * From an 
Arabic word, signifying to form or 
forge, wh. also vaXros,' J.' 

»&\X^ : purple, or an animai pro- 
ducing it, thought to be much the 
sanw as k6x^os, and possibly allied to 
it by transpos. ure^xXi; 

c^Xois, w and wos, 6 : a cable rope. 
- Uavra koXwv xivety, Prov. To move 
every rope. To use every effort 

KCLfjia^, aicos, 6 : a stake or pole fixed 
in ihe ground to sustain vines ; the 
pole or handle of a spear. — Homer 
says of a vineyard : 'EtrHjKei Sk rd- 
fcafit itafjurep^ ipyvpi^erip* 

Kcffidpa : sin arch or arched covcr- 
iBg. — H. camera, camera obscora, 

* Kaftdffrfvot, xafiatnyes : some "fish 
or fish in genersfl 

KAftffXoi : a camel. In this passage. 
It is easier for a camel to go through 
the eye of a needle, &c, some trans- 
late K&fiTikos a rope, instead of camel 

Kdfimn: a furnace, — Fr. Kixafiat 

pp. of COM, I b«m. H. ^miiiiitcr and 

Kapfivia : for Kara^fivuf 

Kofjtv^, fut. KOfM&i I labor at, work 
at. 1 am w«arj with labor, fatigued ; 
labor -under sickness. Ol fcn/iorref, 
those who have passed through Ihe 
fatigue and toil of life, the dead. — 
Mhpii nyv xakKiies le&ftev Avipesy^ Homi 
MdXa yhp K&pte yvia,^ Id. IIoXXiNrl 
iroXXa KOfiiirVf Callim. 

«dffaroff: labor, fatigue.— Fr. m^d 
ftft. of^&fip^ 

I make to bend, I bend, i bend 
round a place ; I double a- cape or 
promontory. I bend round a goal, 
avoid it by driving round it, soikiewhat 
as Hot. haa ' Metaque fervidis Evitata 
rotis.' Hence K&fnrrw curd, I decliaa 
from evils. Kdfcrw yt^Fv, I bend tbe 
knee, I rest ; from the habit of per- 
sons bending the knee when sitting. 
' Qui postquam niveos flbxebvnt 
sedibus artus,' CatuU. — Ktrfu^9eh 
KOfiarf, Bent with labor. *A^^* A^im^ 
^)3dXXero KUfjnrvKa njfa,' flom. 

Kara, Kavya : canna, a tone, need ; 
a mat made of cane 

KAvafios : a piece of cime nmnd 
which a worker in wax or clay motild- 
ed his materials; a model,^ a skeleton. 
Hence Kdvafiiyot^ Iik«askeleton»fiMa- 
gre, puny, J. — From m&ybf , 'canna, 'L. 
Seeicdva '^' 

cavnx^* ^ make a shrill or hdlloW 
sound, resound. — Kavdj^iye^ -W X**^* 
Kos,^ Horn. 

icdvSvXos, K6n^bav\os: applied -to-* 
cake, &c., made of variowsibateriaTa. 
— * Whether KoyhavXosi^ derived fipom 
King Candaules, or whether both worda 
are derived from a couHn^on origin, 
others wilf decide,' JaU. "Efe/ ^H' ^ 
KoXXvpav /LieydXijy, ca^ KaybvXoy ^ips^ 
ht* «*rn,' Aria1oph« 

Kaydvs,vos,^'. af^siati-orMe^Rsli 

18 Ferliaps allied to KoXOimt, 

19 Raiie or carry in buckets dew from the 

20 What is the awtter? for yoa diow yoa 
are deeply meditating something. 

1 Or compare it with xd^xnt purple, as wop- 
^^pm with wSpf^vpa, 

• And it atood sii{^rted by silver polss all 
through, or entirely. 

S A belt which bnaton labortd at. 

4 For he was very tired in His liinbtf. 

6 He threw ttfound liis shodMan bent bcNrsi 

6 Jacob observes that i0lbf^0ar hr>nat\OBly 
explained, a piece of wood round which od^ 
dellers place wax ^ but also a copy or outline 
serving as a guide to sculptors ana painters in 
the formation of a eomplete fignte.'- ' 

7 And the brass resounded, 

8 You shall havo early a gr»t <ritf sUd a 
mess of other nateiials beeideait. 

KAN 1 

(i;armcnt worn b^ (he king and llie 
l,oh\n.— Ey-iieivfiiyot Kavivy i Kai'- 

Kti^qi, aaviov, savour : a can, canis- 
ter, basket. — Perhaps as maile of 

Kdrflopot : a beetle. H. cantkarides, 
flies of llie beetle species. See unv- 
0UV. Also, a cup: ' Vile pnlabis mo- 
dicis Sabinum Cantharia,' Hor. 

KavBot : tlie iron with which a 
wheel is bound, llie felly; circum- 
ference of the eye ; orb of the eye.' 
Used also for the angle or corner of 
the eye. — ' Vertenlem sese frusira 
seclabere canlhum. Cum rola,' &c., 
Pers. From Kavdot, as used of a corner 
generally, St. derives canton 

KafOuf : ' So Aristoph. calls a 
beetle. Properly, an ass, wh. tayda- 
pot; for it WHS vulgarly believed that 
Ibe beetle was produced from asses' 
dung,' Br. 


: See k. 

fa^ii: hemp. — Hence perhaps 
*Tuu' niHre Iransillas} tibi 
tort^ cannabe fullo Cosna sit in traii- 
Mror Pers. 

KuvvaBpBV. a vehicle made of or 
covered with reeds for carrying cfail' 
lireu in processions. — Fr. tayya 

Kayiay,'° ofoj, 6: a straight rod ; 
a rule, line to measure with ; rule uf 
action. — H. canon, canon-law, cajto- 
nical. ' Oh that th' Everlasting hud 
not fix'd His canon 'gainst self-slaugh< 
ter,' Shaksp. 

Kiyuii' : the handle of a buckler. 


wiia . 

See above 
aTtirtToy^i^aT-i.'ictTOV fr. 

KantTof. a ditch, pit, — The same 
as ff«d7rrroi fr. iiKavov a. 2. of auk- 

KAttxi,'* Kawavij : a manger or stall ; 
fodder. — Fr. KavAyti is cabin 

Kdirq\oi: a salesman. Particularly, 
a retail, as opposed to a wholesale 
dealer. Also one who keeps a tavern, 
cook-shop, &c. — Comp. Lat. copo, 
cupa, caupona. Hence caupa, the 
same as Kan-ijXoi. ' By the insliliilion 

9 'O TDu iip6aXnoi KiiirAaT, Hes. 

10 From itira, cme, J. 

11 A ihield tumishcd wiih two liindl«s. 
13 Fr. Inawwa. 3. of (bIttii. 

28 KAn 

of taxes Darius incurred llie con- 
temptible name of Kdn-rjXor, merchant 
or broker,' Gibbon. N. compares 

KairijXcuu: I sell vicluals, traffic. 
I traffic fraudulently, adultirute iny 
goods; and generally, I change any- 
thing from its nalurjl state for irick 
or show. — Fr. i.-riirijXor 

" KoTrfSif : a Persian measure 

KttJTt'Oi:" smoke. — 'Ay-i07i Kavi-ii 
ill irairi'oi w/i/vdu jueyriXiji,'* NT. 
Hence cttpno-manci/,'^ divination by 

KiiTTimpii, ij : the caper plant 

iLi'ijTpDj : a biiar. For i-nirepot (i. e. 
oBi). fr- KUTTut, [ devour, or 1 draw in 
my breath, with panting and heaving. 
See KaTrui and Kaifibi. Homer has oti! 
smrpli^. Hence Varro thinks aper, 
apri may be derived 

taTtpaai : I am wanton or libidinous. 
— Fr. sdirpni. So fr. ' sua ' is ' siibo ' 
in Horace 

KatrTBi: I eat voraciously. ' Repe- 
litis identidem interpellatis(|ue uiorsi- 
bus appeto, et vellicatim carpta d«- 
mitto,' TH— See snirij. 'H fipk-roi oCre 
CTTT^i, ouT€ Xdjrrei, dXXd Koirrei, Aristol. 

Kfi-irvpor: fiery, hot; of the color 
of fire. — For tara-jrvptli. Comp, kq- 

Kairvput is used in other senses. Kai 
For 1 am the elo<|uent mouth of llie 
Muses. Kan'vpui' yeXaaas, £pigi., 
Having laughed heartily ; or, as snme 
Irausliile it, Having breathed out a 
laugh with great heaving; as fr. Kd- 

Kop, Kapa : See before Kuipui 
Kap, Kapis: a Carian. The Ca- 
rians were mercenary soldiers. Hence 
toendan^er oneself li- Kapi, means, to 
throw off the danger of war from our- 
selves to a Carian 

nap: Tiiitiifiiviyi!apota'ia^,Hoai,, 
1 honor him not at all, ' No verse in 
Homer has been the subject of so 
many discordant opinions as this. 
Their opinion is most common, who 
suppose the expression is derived from 
a Carian or mercenary soldier or 




slave. Nothinjv is better known than 
tiiat with the Cariana bejsran the mer- 
cenary service, which was held con- 
temptible. Gregory has, kv Kapos 

Kapafios : a ' crab or cray-fish. — 
Supposed to be allied to crab 

JLapd'hoiciia I I look out for earTiest- 
ly. * Properly, I put forward my head 
to look at any one who is expected 
from a distance,' St. See boKiu 

K.6papoVf icnpuvov I the head or top. 
Hence Kapavdw, I bring to a head, 
finish. — Fr. xapa 

Kapavos : a prince. — Fr. icapa, the 

K^flavos: barbarous. — Fr. Kap. 
Having the sound or voice of a Carian 

Kap^ffa, Kapraera, wy : fine silk or 
linen. — * Tenuis glauco velabat amictu 
C^basuif Virg. 

* Kapfiarirri : a common rustic shoe 

K&phafAov : a sharp tasted herb, car- 
damine^ nose-smart, or meadow- cress. 
— Some ludicrously derive it fr. Kapa" 
'•iaftoy, overpowering the head. Ti 
KopiafiiStu ; Aristoph., Why do you 
look so bitterly or surlily 1 

Kapba/iwfwy : cardamom^ an aro- 
matic plant 

Kaphla :'^ the heart ; the orifice of 
the stomachy as being near it. — H. 
cor, cordis. Also pert-cardium ; and 
cardiacus in Horace 

KapboTOi : a kneading trough. — 
yipfloop ff^ pL&Krpov, ei hk /3oAei, icap- 
^iiroi't Aristoph., Lend me a fxdierpaf 
or, if you choose, a KapboTros 

Kajni, K&privov : head or top. See 

Kapcs, /Ses, ^ : a shrimp. — Ludi- 
crously derived bv some fr. icopn, as 
being fbrmed chiefly of head 

YLaptaipta : I make a harsh or crash- 
ing noise. — Fr. the harsh sound Kap 
Kop, like ficLpfiapos fr. (iap fiap 

K,apKivos, KopKlvoi : a crab, cancer ; 
a canker, or cancer, the disease. — 
Suetonius says that Augustus used to 

16 J. derives it from the oriental Kouri, a 
nuiU piece of money. 

17 Fr. jc^; from its being the head and 
fountain of life, L. 

18 And the festivities of Apollo are drawing 

19 These carry the blood to the neck, and 
were thougl^t by the ancientH to be the seat of 

call Agrippa and the two Julias * tria 
carcinomata sua,* his three cancers 

Kapvecof : au epithet of Apollo. 
— Ta bk Kipyea kqI bil ^-ipirei,'^ 

Kapos : heaviness and stupor. — Fr. 
K6pa, Affection of the head. Hence 
the carotid or lethargic arteries'' 

Kapov)(a : can^ca, a carouche, a 
kind of carriage 

* Kapwala : a kind of dance 
KapvAXtfjios : rapid, swift, A/wraXi- 

fios, — TH. compares it with irtlpiror, 
(which he supposes an obsolete verb, 
the parent of Lat. carpo, I pluck,) as 
*raptim' fr. *rapio.* Tlotrl KapraXl' 
fioiaty, Horn. With rapid feet 

Kapiros : fruit ; fruit, profit, emolu- 
ment, &c. — Fr. the obsolete verb rap- 
irttf, Lat. carpo, I pluck, L. 

Kapwos : the wrist. — Hence the 
medical terms carpus and meta'Car- 

Kaji^i^ut: literally, I do down; I 
rub or stroke down, or rub my hand 
smoothly over the cheeks or head of 
another in the way of endearment. — 
For KaTa'pi$<tf. See Ipyw. Hence 
Dm. and T. derive caress^^ 

Kappoy : a chariot. — Car, Celt. 
carr, appear allied 

K&ppbiv : See iatroy 

Kaptrios : See ey-K&ptnos 

• KapraWos, Koprdkos I a basketi— 
Kac X^\py &Tr6 rfjs cnF-apyfjs tQv gap- 
TT&y rfjs yfjs, Kat l/u-|3aAe(s ets KcipraX- 
Xof,* LXX. 

Kopros : the Same as Kparos 

KopTa : strongly, powerfully, very. 
— Fr, K&pros=Kp&Tos 

Kapva: a. nut. — H. the caryo-cM- 
^acies^ or nut-cracker, a species of 

** KapvariSio : I dance. — Fr. the dan- 
cers in the celebration of a festival of 
Diana called CaryaHs from Caryum 
in Laconia 

Kapvtni', a kind of minced food. — 
* Those who derive it from KdpiSa, a 


20 Through the French. Without doubt. 
«iys Dm., many Greek words were introduced 
among the French by the colonists of Mar- 
seilles. Others derive careu from ' cams.' 

1 You shall take of the first of all the fruit 
of the land, and shall -cast it into a basket, &c. 

2 Fr. dicTOi pp. of &7«i>, I break. 



KAF 13 

Dut, luppoae tliat nuts formed n pripi- 
cipal ingreilienr,' St. ToTt ti lEinpn- 
KcvofAtyois oJiOKTi nai Sbi/ioiatv ijio/i', H 
Beoi,^ Aristoph. 

KapuKivos, KnpvKttvot. O'vhif ^ttbi' 
fitroi dure icopi^vpihuv ourc jcnpuvc/fui' 
iliarlm, Xrn. * ll iiidicalcs sunn' kind 
of color, but or wliat kiiid is uiicer- 
tain, ll n>a;y tiipan, varirgiit':'!). But 
it is belter tii un<lerst<iiid it of a black- 
kA color,' Slurz. 

Kripyw.Jiu: I dry ordry up; cause 
to willier. — Kapitu /ikv ■)(p6a koKuv* 

Kupifios, fos: anytliingdry, as straw, 
ilubble, cliaff; a dry piece of wood. 



: dry, Kafu^dKlot 

Kupxapot: sharp, acute. — By re- 
dii|il. for y^pot if. x'ip'" ^li- x"'"''"'''- 
Fit to imprint or inipteas « itb. Homer 
faas KHruv tap-)(ap-oi6iiTuiy,' and Hesiud 
fiifei b' i-j(Apaaaov obvyrat" 

Kqpjji^'*"'. ""bs, (Dor. Kap^aliiv, 
wh. KapOaioiv, as uprix"' and opyiOtis 
are inlerclianged ; and hence) Ca]-- 
tkago,'' inia, Carthage 

KapytibonoK : a carbuncle. — Fr. 
Kopxiciuj', Carthage, where carbun- 
clea abounded 

Kap^fiaiov: tlie scuttle of a tna%t, 
the topmast, the cord wliicb goes 
across the topmast. 'Tertius hie uiali 
supeiat carckesia summa,' Lucilina 

Kaaiipa, cnonupa, Katraipa, leamiplt : a 
proslilule, fiuaaopa, — 'H if rauoapa 
^ffivus Kaaiiptuovaa KoiXnici io^ous,' 

Lycophron. L. compares LhI. caia, 
which be supposes meant originally a 
hut or cot inhabited by li>w prosti- 

Kfiffot, u: a kind of cloak or co- 
vering. — NSf ^ipu riihe biiai taaa- riiv 
fiiy tni, riiy b' &k\f, Xen. Wiih this 
have been compared caie and eesiock, 
French casoque 

Koo/a, Koatia: caisia, an aromatic 
all rub 

Koirii, 6, {;: a brother, litler.— 
Hencv Kaai-yvrfTos, a genuine brolbet, 

>:^,r«a : See <!Ar,a. 

KiirritTtpai : tin.— H. the CatiUe- 
rides islands" 

KaaauMi I sew, patch ; patch up, 
plan, machinate, as Plant, has ' eon- 
BUlis dcdis.' — Fur (.ara-otiu fr. aim, 
Lai. luo, \vh. aulum. aulor 

Ku^rni'oi' ; rastanea, wh. ckettnvt. 
From Caitana, a cily of Thessaljiatiil 
Pom us 

Kiinaip : castor, a beaver. Henct 
a castor, a hat made of the fur of i 

Kara: Sf^e hvfoie Ka$a\\i,s 

Kiir-oy/fn, aroi: a drawing out or 
spinning, as Ov. ' lievi de-ducens 
pollrce filum,' — Fr. &yfi.rii pp. of dyw 

Kar-oy/io, nrni: a fracture ; a 
breaking or pulliue off, as of wool | 
from a slicep. ^- Fr, uyfiat pp. (rf I 

Karn-S/iufn, oroi: a laceralioo. 
— Fr. bibpiifiat pp. of bpuii>=bpiniTiD 

KaT-aitifaiTKu ; I dry up. — Form- 
ed fr. iS'tva a. I. of &aaiy.«=SS«t 

KoTai-fiami : a descent.— Fr. «a- 
rai, (fr. vara,) downwards, ami /3nru 

EuraT-rcf: applied lo a lielmel by 
Homer, as being made low or de- 
pressed, i. e. williont a crest. — Fr.W- 
Tv^ai pp. of TUKWi=7etlnj 

Kara-Kpijdey : downwards head- 
ways, heaillong, — For KaTa-Kopifitr 

Kara-Xoyoc : a catalogue, register. 

— Fr. KiiTaXiiyD^, according lo u valua- 

KaT&-\vita, aroi '. a reclining for 
sleep, resi, or food ; a place for suck 
reclining.^Fr, \f\v/iai pp. of Avm. 
Properly, a dissolution of the limbi 

KaTaiti\Ti}i : calapulla, a catapult, 
engiue lo throw stones or Javehus 

Among tlif fint ohjecta of the PheJiiciin 

Id Gceal Briuin ariH In^lnnd, iliaogh nftei- 
wardi confitiecL lo [lie islei iif Sctlly, wheie Ibc 
meUl docs not npjieiu to be tiMed in roodein 
times,' Pinkeclon. 

KAT 131 

' KaTtt'pHu : See Ka^piSta 

Kara-fftKeXiSta : Ti;pov iroXvy irar- 

-etriKiXiSe, Aristopb. He eat Siciiian 

cheese ; unless, says St., it is, He eat 

cheese with Sicilian voracity 

Kara-^povkui : I vaunt myself 

agaitist'aiiothcr, despise, as vara-^joo- 

Herod. I set my mind down on any- 
thing, aim at, as Kara-ippovrieras rfjv 
TWpavyiba, Id. 

- Kara'xh^V* the gaping of the 
mouth ill deriding, derision. — Fr. 
fyiva a* 1 . of jfatyut 

Kura-yp^ : it suffices, the same as 
diro-xP$ and diro-^^ij. Ovhe ot irara- 
*X^^^^*» Vf^^fis Kara'ffTpexj/afiiy^, iffitjy 
Air-^e^oc,'* Herod. 

Kdr-ei/ii : I return ; &c. — Fr. el/tii, 
I go. Kara in this case answers to 
Lat. re-y and denotes back. I go up, 
and return down. So, I go to, and 
return from. See Axj/ 

Kar-Tfyopita : I speak against, in- 
form against, accuse. — Fr. ayopita 

rari|X<i//, twos, iff: a ladder, landing- 
pkice« floor, or something of this na- 
tuw. — ^•E»i rr^y icar//X«r* cvdvs av-eirii- 
Hfoaftey, Aristoph. 

KaT'ifopos : suspended down from 
above, banging down. — Fr. Hopn pm. 
of MfM 

ican^-^^s: one of downcast eyes, 
shy or dejected. — Supposed to be 
put foncora-^^s fr. (f^dot, an eye 

KaT'Tixiia : I sound into the ears of 
another; instruct. — Fr. ^x^f. H. c«- 
techize, catechism 

Kar'OvXas yv^: night involving 
every thing in darkness. — Fr. ovX<u= 


Karrvta issKaoavia 

Karw: downwards, down. — Allied 
to vara, down 

Karta-yaicTi : a robe worn by a slave 
bordered at the bottom with rams' or 
•heeps' skin. — Fr. yaKos 

Kava( : a sea-mew or gull. — Fr. the 


sound Kav which it makes, L« 

rava{a<r, * in Hesiod, is considered 
as iEolic Greek for icara{ai«. If we as* 
sume that &y(a had the digamma F<!iyw, 
from «:araFo{a(s came irarFafacr, and 
this was softened into icaFFa(ai9 (as 
KdfifiaXe, &c.) and fcavafats, since the 
F m writing was commonly expressed 
by V,* M. Jones supposes it the same 
as Kca^ais fr. Kea^ta 

KuvKoXioy : the same as (iavKoXioy. 
KavKioyis also used 

KavKis, Ibot, 4 : a kind of shoe. — 
Ti/yxdi'€c fiiKp& ris oiaa ; ^eXXos ky 
Toiis KQVKlaiy ey-iccicdrrvrai,** A then, 

Kai/Xos : caulis, a stalk or stem of 
a herb ; stalk of cabbage or colewort 
Kai/Xos : the handle of a spear or 
hilt of a sword. — Perhaps in meta« 
phorical use. See above. *Ey KavXf 
iayri bopv,^^ Hom. 

Kavy6xii : a Persian garment. — Of 
fiky xaXovai Tl€paib\ oi bk tcavyaKify,^* 

Knvyos: a lot. — *AXXd ri "xp^yl 
ilfidf bia-Kavytatrai, wdrepoi rXav^ov- 
[ieOa /ieiSia;^^ Aristoph. 

Kavffla: a broad- brimmed hat to 
keep off the heat of the sun. — Fr. Ki* 
Kavaai pp. of icai;u>, I burn. * Cape 
tunicam et zonam, et chlamydem af- 
ferto et causiam,* Plaut. 
Kai/a> : I burn. See icaa» 
Kavxao|iac : I boast, avxio/iai 
Ko^^a»: I pant, gasp. — Kqkus re- 
ica^ijora Ovfjioy,*^ Horn. 

Ka^a^w : I laugh at loudly, cachin* 

KaxXa^oi, KtyXlSta : I cackle,^'' kic' 
kle, giggle. Used of the murmur 
of the waves, as cachinno in Latin : 
* Unda • . . Excita saxis, saeva so- 
naudo Crepitu clangente cachinnate* 

Ki&xXijfy riKos: a pebble, specially 
on the sea-shore, as beaten and bro- 
ken by the waves. — Allied to raxXd- 
Kay(pvs: barley or roasted barley.— 

10 Having despised the want of power of the 

11 He will not be content, after bebasorer- 
tlnofm OS, to abstain from jou. 

13 Is any girl small ? cork is sown up in her 

IS The spear was broken in the handle* 

14 Some call the garment itfpoU, others 

15 What should be done ? Should we draw 
lots which of us lihoold weep the more t 

16 His soul which breathed with difficulty. 

17 So Arhutbnot : ' I^c. grinned, caciMI, 
and laughed.* 


ica^pifiar ovibiov ev'Uf^rifjtiyop,^^ Ari- 

Ke, icev: poetical particles, giving a 
potential sense to a word, and an- 
swering to ai" in prose. — Thus it is 
joined to el, if: £2 bi k* tyu> rov eXcti, 
Horn., If I should seize him. So ci- 
-ice, and ol-kc the same as ei-fce : Aiire 
i^lXov Kol fjbv yivoiTOf Id., If it be 
grateful and pleasant (to you) 

Ki(a, Kciitt, K€a8(o : I cleave. — Allied 
to Kdfu, caVo, I hollow. K^atxe ^uXa 

vriKi'i xo^'f^/^ Horn. 

K^ap,^^ Kfjp: COR, the heart. — Cr. 
thinks it probable that sincerMs is de- 
rived from ffvv Kfjpi, with the heart* 

* Kej3\ii'vvpis: some bird having a 
fiery-colored head. — Fr. 1:^/3X77 and nvp 

* KePpidyijs : some bird. Cebriones 
was one of the Giants. J. translates it, 
the giant-bird 

t Kiy')(pos, K€p')(yo5 : millet 

Kcyxpcwi', &VOS : a place for beat- 
ing down metals and gems into grains ; 
or where metals and gems were gra- 
nulated. — Fr. K^yxpos ; from the si- 
militude of these grains to those of 

Keyxpirri : an animal spotted as if 
with millet. — Fr. Keyxpos 

Keyxpirris : a precious stone speck- 
led with spots resembling grains of 
millet-seed.— -Fr. xiyxpos 

KiYxpt»>iio.t aros I a kind of millet 
work going round the rim of a shield. 
— ^"AXX' €v wpoa-fjyoy aawlbtay Keyyfibt" 
Haaiv 'OifkdaXfiby,^ Eurip. 

jce^dcif, icebaS^tff Kibvd.(o, Kibvrifii : I 
scatter, diffuse, dissipate. — 'H«lis iiky 
KpOKO'ireirXos edbyaTO ndtrav ctt* alav,^ 
Horn. Alas Tpunay eKibaerae d^oXayyas, 


Kebyos : anxious, solicitous, careful, 
faithful, prudent ; worthy of being 
cared for, beloved, esteemed ; good, 
as opposed to bad ; worthy of beJ g 
heeded^ credible. — Fr. Kibu=Kiib . 
See Kijbos 

18 He jumped, lept, broke wind, like a 
small ass well glutted with barley. 

' 19 He cleft the wood with th6 merciless 

20 Compare KopSta. 

1 It 18 generally referred to ' sine cera.' 

132 K£A. 

Kebpos, ?y : cedar wood, oil of cedar 
KelOi: foreK€<9c 

Keifiai : I rest, lie down ; lie deaHj 
lie buried. Applied also to things de-* 
posited, set down, proposed* placed, 
laid ready at hand. — Allied to Kotfuiu, 
pp. K€KoifjifiTai, wh. cemetery, Fr. 
Kelfiai is KeififiXioy, any thing laiif by 
with care, precious : Many things, 
says Homer, Iv 'Avri/ua^^oco hofioiM cei- 
firiXta KeiTai, lie put by in the bouse of 
Antiraachus. Hence cemelin in Chau- 

l^etHriXioy : See above 
Ketyof : for eiceivor 
Ke/joof, fut. KcptD, I crop ; sbave, 
shear ; cut off, devastate ; lacerate. 
' Keipofjtai, middle, I shave my iiead 
in token of grief,* Bl. — * Fr. icepssi.'Ap; 
the action being employed on the. sur- 
face of things,' L. From ir^icopa pn. 
are corium, excoriate 

Ketpia : any band or wrapper. 
Used particularly of bands in wfakh 
the dead were wrapped. — /ieitfiepm 
Tovs 'TTobas Kal rat \e7pas rccp/ais,^ 

Keicabiut : I make another qoit aay 
thing, 1 bereave, M.— Fr. KiKaiass 
Kexaba, pm. of x^^^> I retire^ quit. 
So Homer has ncKabwy, having bereft 

KeKabio/iat : 1 grieve for. — Proper- 
ly, I am bereft. See above 

KCKaboyTo: they retreated^ gave 
way, • got out of the way (of the ja- 
velins) without making the army re* 
treat,* M. — The same as Kexaborro fr. 
i^j^boy a. 2. of xd^ta 
KiKatTfiat : See ica^cii 
KCKXfiyia : I shout, &c. — Fr. r^cXir 
ya pm. of K*Xa^a> 

KexXofxai : I call to, summon ; call 
out to, exhort, encourage. — Gene- 
rally referred to xiXoftat, But some of 
its senses seem rather to point to ca- 

Xiti, KoXw, kXw, K^KXt^ 

KeKpvtpaXos : a head dress, a net- 
work on the head, reticulum. It is 
used by Xenophon for a net, for the 
meshes of it, or some such thing. — 

2 But they applied well their eyes to the 
millet-rim of the shields. 

3 The yellow vested moniing was difiiised 
over the whole earth. 

4 Bound hand and foot with grave-bandi. 




Fj>. Uxpiffa p. of KfxStnrti, Coinp. ica- 

* Keicpt^aXos : a thong by which 
the bridle is fastened on a horse*8 

KiXahs: a loud clamor or shout. 
Sometimes^ simply, words spoken 
with a dear voice. — * Fr. xiXia, wh. 
KiXo/iat, I exhort and excite with a 
lood noise or clear voice/ Dm. 
Hence ireXa^^, I shout out: Tlra 
©eoi*, Wk* iffitta, riva 6* &vbpa iceXa^;)- 
aofney;^ Find* 

KeXaivos : black. — Referred by Dm. 
to fiiXas, ft4Xmya, but without proba- 
bility. Hence CeiienOt one of the 
Harpies in Virgil 

KcXapt/^cii: said of water murmur- 
ing. — Allied to KiXabos, L. 'Upov (fbt^ 
^vfi^wv e£ avrpoto KaT'eij^ofieyov iceXd- 
puaiey,^ I'heocr. 

KeXifirj : a bowl.— ''Aye hfj ^ep' ifJitr, 
i3 wai, KeXifiriy, orrus iifivtmv Ylpo* 
-*/»,^ Anacr. 

KtXiovres : weights of lead or wood 
fastened to the threiids in a loom in 
order to keep them straight, J. Pedes 
textorii mali e quo stamina deducun- 
tur, Berkel. — Oi/re ris iv ToXap^ wa- 
vitrherai^ ipya roiaf^ra, O^r* ky\ hatha- 
Xk^ irvKiv&repov Arpiov^ ttrrf Kepxiht 
avfi'irXdlaaa /AaKpijv irafA* €K KeXeoy^ 
T%iVt Theocr. 

KeXXwyreXw: I drive, pbllo, impel, 
propel. 1 propel myself, move. Said 
also of propelling a ship to the shore, 
or of a ship so propelled. — H. Lat. 
ceilo, wb. prO'Cella, Fr. KkXta is pro- 
bably celer 

K^XevOos, //: a way, path. — • Fr. 

k(Xw, a way through which any one 

18 impelled,' L. 'Jx^voevra iccXev6a,*° 

Horn. ''AXXijv ihoy, &XXa xiXtvOa 

"Hxao/ici'," Id. 

K^Xeuo'/ua, oros : See i:eXet;a» 

KeXevitf : I impel, urge on, encotK 

5 What God, what hero, what man shall 
we celebrate ? 

6 Sacred water murmured as it dropped out 
from the cave of the Njmphs. KekdpwrHtyss 

7 Come, boy, bring us a bowl, that I may 
pledge roy friend with a large draught. 

8 The same as TriviZfferai and mivt^erai, 
Doric form of ffrpioy. 

10 Tlie paths of the fish, i. e. the sea. 

11 We bare come by diffcrentroads, by dif- 

rage, exhort ; order, commaod.-r-fr. 
KiXtif* Hence KiXevvfta, a shout of 
encouragement to the rowers. * The 
ancient pro-cehusmatic song, by 
which the rowers of galleys were ani- 
mated, may be supposed to ha?e beeM 
of this kind. There is now an oar- 
song used by the Hebridians,' Joba- 

K Aiys, rfrot : a swift or race horse ; 
a swift vessel, fly-boat. — Fr. K^Km wh, 

KAXtf : See before KkXtvdos 

KcXofiai : the same as ireXeviii 

KeXiDp : a son. — ^Ayafiefiyopetw «^- 
X<tfj9, fiarfwt ^fcvf," Eurip. 

K^Xi^^os : a covering, shell, pcel.-^ 
Allied to icdXv^s fr. icaicdtXv^a p. of 

k-efAas, ahos, // : a young fawn or 
deer. — Referred by some to icecc^ac 
pp. of icea>, wh. Keifjiai, An animal 
still LYING in a cavern, nor daring 
to trust itself to the woods. "^Hice/iao* 
ijk Xay btoy, Horn. 

Kei' : See Ke 


Keyefipioy, -eiov: carrion. — Suppo-, 
sed by some to be put for vcKpefitoy fu 
v€Kp6t. OifK €^w K€y^(ip€toy orap hk 
Oyrfs re, icdXct /le,'^ Aristoph. 

Kei'off, Kttvos : empty, hollow ; vatti» 
ineffectual. — H. ceno-taph,^^ catlcdl 
by Virgil, tumulus inanis : ' Thfeir 
wrath aton'd, to Agamemnon^s naHie 
A cenotaph I raise of deathless fame,' 

Kcyeityy &yos : the belly. — Fr. iceyot, 
hollow. So KoiXia fr. koiXos 

Kiyravpos : a centaur 

Kevravpioy : the plant centaury 

Keyriw : I prick, make a punc- 
ture ; goad, stimulate. — Hence Kiw* 
rpoy, a prick, puncture, or point ; and 
hence centrum, the centre of a circle 

Kevrp^riytKr^t : Seei^i^eir^s 


12 The son of Agamemnon, murderer of his 

IS Heringa supposes that some one is here 
represented as invited to dinner by a miser; 
and that, disgusted with the fare, he leaves him 
with these words : I do not eat carrion ; when 
you make a sacrifice, then you may invite 

14 From rd^f^ a tomb. 




. Eevrpw>', (urat : one prkked with l^t. eraler, a cufi, wli. iliu eraler of 

llie goad to be obliged to cuiifvas llic Mount S.\\va. Tr, tEcpaaui |>p. is tlje 

trulti. — See vd-: euj figure o-am 

KiiTpwv. wioi : a patcheti ganneiit K^pni : See bpf«re CFpm'a 

made wp iif slireda of divera lohirs. Kfpri'7-/9<iXo; : iiitractiible and hard. 

A ctnio. a eomposilion formed by — Fr. /J^/JoXa pui. of /3^Xw. From aa 

joining acraps troni olher auihurs. ubsurd opinii f the aneienls that 

— Fr. Ktviiio, I prick, viz. with » llie corn, which was thrown on 

needle the horns of oxeu during the lime 

tiiT^nf: some very lig:ht bird, e.i- of sowiug, ptoilnced hard frnil and 

ally blown aliout by the tvind ; aitd such as could scarcely be boiled 

hence, a light, sillj fellow, koi/^oi. So Kipaooi: ctramt, \\\e ehtrry Ute, 

' dupe' comes fr. ' duj-ipe,' a foolish from Ceraaui, a niariliuie town of 

bird easily caiiglit. ' Sed egu ipse Cappadocia 

Ktvfoifiai,' Cic. cepiinov : ' a pod, anil not an much 

Kipai,'^ nro<, aos : a horn; wing a pod of pease, beans, &^c,, as the fruit 

' ' ' 'a bow, of a furest tree bearing pods, common 

horned ; wii. cernus ifi generally de- 
rived. H. also rhitio-cerot'^ 

Ktpala ; the tip of any thing. — ^Fr. 

SifpBi'a : a sail yard. — KnB-cMpe- 


Kfpaia: llie beak of an instrument 
for niii<in<; weights, as iif a crane or 
pulley ; the crane ilself. — 'Evtipiirro 
ftir oi Korn t^v xdXii' ayTi-fiiix'"'ae9at 
wpit raura, roii ftiy i.piuli ^la Kfpaiwv 
cc-iJ^Tft ffqKir'/inra /loKiitibifa, i^ai ^i- possibli 
Sovf, Ku) ariiiri} ipiiiiia,'^ roit ie &C., sua niii 
Pulyb. K<:pinUos: des 

Kepoffiu : I altack, strike, lay waste, ning and crafty iu pursuit of gain. — 
as Qxei) with their horns. — Fr. xipat Fr. Kifiiai 

Kepaipu: a form of KFpiiu Kcphii: a fox. — From its cunning. 

Kipapmsz potters' earth ; a tile or See above 
any earthen sessel. — ' From the hill Ktpiiiiui: art uncertain, and per- 
of the Areopagus we con)E lo the to- haps corrupt word in Plutarch 

Syria and Judaea, bul very tliiii. So 
callrd from its beiu^ curved like a 
small horn,' Schl.— Fr. rfpxi, aroi. 
'Eir-fdu/iei ye/ilaai tIjv xotXiav abrov 
airo rCiy Kfpariiiii' uv yaOior o'l j^oijjoi,*" 

Kfpavi-ac : thunder, thunderbolt. 

— H. the AcrO'Ceiminian uiuun(ains< 

Kepdu: See after t^po^ui 

K^p&oi,* CDs: gain. — 'Ett! Kif^ii 

itpioc, Hesiod, Gain upon sa\ii, EI 

^.ij TO >:tpbos »fp6arel bii^oiui.^ Sopll. 

Hence Lat. cerdo, one who by every 

way makes gain: ' Tullat 

cerdo,' Pers. 

a pluce called lli« 
Ctramlcus or pottery grouo'l,' Butler 
tipafiot: a priaou.^XoXiji 6' iv 
i:fpati^ iifitTO Tpio-i^al-itna fi^iat,'^ 



Kepdu, ipou, Ktpayyv 
blend. — -Fr. Kinparai pp. 

15 Fr. Kip, dfnodng anj ihi 

fkcc, or ending acutpjy, L. S«p k 

10 Fr. pii,. i^iMi, ■ noae. Fr 


18 The! 

K.pKh.lio,,i,: a weaver's shutlle. 
— ' Fr. senepta p. of Keipw. Pecteu te- 
am percurrens et quasi radens,' L. 
For Kpenii fr. cpinw, allied to creek,' 


Is and tlic sail- 

a tail, - 


!> oE tb 

i and Irunlis or oak ; and by 

19 He bad been Ixiuiid in a biuan priaon 

2U He dcsirsd tu £11 hi» helly from Ibe poda 
nblcli the swine wfie ealinii. 

1 Aj being oflrn strucit bj Ibunderhotls in 
cnniequence uf their lieigLil. 

2 Cuiu|iare xtp/ia. 

3 If he aball not gain gain jujlly. 

4 ' Fr. Kiipu, Apptratly from tli«; 
rubbing,' L. 

I Doric foi 




sereo-pithecus,'' (a marmoset) used by 
J a venal 

KipK-ovpos : a kind of ship. ' Cum 
c\Bsse, cercurisquezc letnbis diicentis/ 
Livy. * Formed fr. k^pkos and o^pa; 
both which words signify a tail ; |ier- 
baps because it was very long and 
terminated each way as in a tail/ 

KipKtaxffi^ crafty, cunning. — Adyoi 
KepKuf wtay fiaXaKol, ' * LX X . 

K^pfta, aros : a small piece of mo- 
ney and of little value. — Fr. K^Kcpfiat 
pp. of fre/por, I cut into small bits 

Kep/jiarnnrit : a money-changer or 
broker. — Fr. KtKepfAdriarai pp. of 
KepfiariSkt fr. Kipfza 

Kep-oiaKes : the cords or ropes by 
which the two ends of the SAIL- 
YARDS are managed, ceruchi. — 
Fr. K^pas or Kipa (see Kepaia) and ola^ 


Kepovriati: I exult. — Fr. Kepas; 
from a stag erecting its horns and 
sporting with them. 

Kep-rofiita : I cut the heart of an- 
other with sneers and reviling. — Fr. 
Keps=K^p or Kiap, and rirofia pm. of 

Kipxta : I make a rough or harsh 
noise. — Fr. xpiKu, I a^eak, J.*' 

Kipxvfip K€p\vrii5 : a screech-owl. 
— Fr. ii€px*^$ from its harsh noise 

K^PX**^* * n^ill*^^* — The ancient 
form of Kiy^poSf Vk. 

KeaKOfiai: I lie down, lie. — An 
extended form of Kio/iai, fr. Kcta wh. 
irei/iac. So fiotfuta fr. jSooi 

Ke^rof:'*. worked with a needle, 
embroidered. — H. the cestus or em- 
broidered girdle'^ of Venus 

kiarpai^'^ a MALLET. Kitnpa and 
KtoTpevt are used fur a MULLET, or 
some such fish. — l^itnpq. oihripq. irXev- 

6 I bate the Ihlck-tailed foxes. 

7 Having the tail of an ape. UiBtiitot, an 


8 Who adds that some derive it from Kcp- 
K&pa, the island CorcyrOf contrary to the idea 
of Pliny and Nonius. 

9 Perhaps fr. K4pKos and ^ ; but the reason 
does not ae<*m satisfactorily explained. 

10 The words of the crafty (are) soft. 

11 * Fr. k4p», carpo ; wh. the notion of scrap- 
ing and making a harsh noise/ L. . 

12 ,Fr. tcdtctarai pp. of iU»»=KdM, I hollow 
or oat Perhaps allied to K&fr4m, 

IS Homer has kcot^v litdma* 

pa.*.*'HXovi^ iraitiv,^^ Sopb* 

* Kitrrpov : a war instrument de* 
scribed by Polybius 

Kev^avhpos: teeming with men,-— 
Fr. i:€vto=k'vw and arrjpy ipos, bpos 

K€vdia : 1 hide, conceal. I am hid- 
den from the siirht of men, buried. — 
'Ef-oiJ^a, pii K€ve€ f6f,^^ Horn. 'O bk 
OartMtv Kev^fC Karw bij yfjs,^'' $o}>h. 

Kf^aX^:*'^ the head, top ; chief; 
the head or sum of the matter; a 
warhke engine with an iron head. 
— Hence Bu^cephalus :^^ hydro-ce' 
phalous :^^ cephalic snuff 

Ke^aXaioi' : head, summary view, 
recapitulation; a sum of money; 
the principal part. *£y Kei^Xal^, 
summarily, in short. — Fr. KeijMXt) 

Ke^aXis, ibos: the head or chap- 
ter of a book. — Fr. ce^Xif 

K€)(\abfa : "H/Jy iC€\\aboyraSf Pin- 
dar; Full of the vigor of youth. 
See x^<i£cir. Pindar has elsewhere^ 
&vdo$ iifias Kvfjiairet. Perhaps th^ 
reading should be KexXiboyras, luxu- 
riating in youth, (see x^*^^*^) ^ 
Heyne supposes the Schol. to have 

Ki(a : I burn. ' See icaiia 

Kfihos, €os : grief in general ; grief 
for the death of friends ; their death ; 
care bestowed on the funeral of a 
friend ; the funeral. Griefs anxiety, 
care ; diligence, care for relatives ; 
relatives, relationship, alliance* -^ 
Allied to Kabita and KtKabikt, I be^ 
reave ; KCKabiofiai, I grieve for. * K^- 
bos appears to mean, grief at any 
loss,*^ M. 'Aripi Ktibofiirf, t^s rvp 
ifik Kifbos Udrei,* Hom. Hence tpi" 
•cedium, a mournful strain sung over 
a funeral : ' You from above shall 
hear each day One dirge dispatched 
unto your clay ; These, your own 

14 Fr. KiKwreu pp. of Kdtf^sKdu, I holIouL 

15 He heat and battered his sides with aa 
iron mallet. 

16 Speak out, do not conceal it in your 

17 And the dead man lies buried under the 

18 Fr. K4icepa p. of ir^rwas^ic^rw, L. 

19 Having a large head. See fiev* 

20 Haying water in the head. Fr. 9impp 

1 To a nuui grieriag as I doi now. 

anthems, shall become Your lasling 
epictdium,' Sanrl^s 

Kifiai: I affect iviUi gfief or pair ; 
gne^e, aggrieve, vex, K^io^ai, I am 
grieved. Sec. — See above 

KiiQiov, KtiQapiov: a dice aud vole 
box. — L. compnres ttvGoi fr. ncudui. 


Kqtot, iiiiit : opprobrious, miilc- 
i^iclive. — EM. compares il wilb ca- 
Kot without probubilitji.' KtikHh aiy 
y\in7v^, Callim. 

rqKi'w: said of things oozing or 
innbing out. — IloXus h' di'-eofKiEV 

Kr,Kh, ihos, h- any thing tvbich 
oozes out, as blood, sweat, &c. ; 
tumor from a tree, as a gall or gali- 
apple ; purple from fish ; and hence 
any die. — Fr, rj|Ki'« 

K/Aeoi;, KiJXeioi: liot, burning. — 
PerhapB for Ktt\ii for xaeXos fr. Kaai, 
I burn. 'Ek wupi KrtXi^, Horn. Jones 
compares Lat. caho 

KijXiu: 1 soothe, charm, bend hy 
charming or persuading. — Fr, pp, 
ceKqXqrai 13 KiiXi^rai, which maji be 
cliarmed. 2o! 6e tis fv irriiStoeiy a- 
-leli\iiTot yios iari,' Honi. 

K^Xi;; a lumor of the body. — 
Hence llie DieHical terms hroncko~ 
-cele,^ kydrO'Cde, &c. 

KqXli, a spot, slain; a 
disgrace ; sear. — B/ot a-KriXibmros, 
LXX., An unspotted life 

K^Xoy; a dart, arrow. — 'Allied 
to KflXov, wood. I. e. the wooden 
part or handle of an arrow,' Dm. 
■ Hence tetum, as ktIvoi becomes 
r^viis,' J. 'Evvfiiiap fiev ava orporor 
fij^ero K^Xa 0eoio,' lioin. 

KtjXorljiav : a crane or pulley. — 

2 And ba afoocl by the dice having a dice- 

3 Dm, supposEB it lo come fr. idrf. KTjucIr. 

Vial yafi itr^Xror Kai SXiuieaX AoMr 

apvaanvTai t* aiiroa rpoiri^ roifiie' 
AtrX^Erni /le*" kijXoi'ijijj,' acr! he, &e., 

■ KijXwoTOf : a slew, brolhei. — 
'Or ay KvpT] Kaaauipii KifKaaii yiifiow 
Nv/i^in irpos KtfKmaTa Koppaywv Tt- 
XeJi',* Lvcopbr. 

KT/fibs : a ballot-bon. — '4'^^ttiv nj- 
fioy ean)K (jp"'''" Aristopb. 

t:i}fids : a kind of bridle for Iioraeg. 
— 'O Efjjuot dca-Trelc juei' oh i;u- 
Xi€,.iiK-yt>viiobKif,'' Xen. 

K^yaoi: tribute.— The Lat. word 
CeniUi. 'Ei-rttri xfivmiy Kalaapi tov- 
vo.floi;" NT. 

Krifirrirofiai : a corrupt reading iu 
jEschylus for Ktriairoiiai 

K^l'. different in form only frem 
™i<.£, L. 

if^Toi:'^ a garden, — 'This is our 
writer's admired sect ; these his saints 
and heroes. Could il be revived at 
Athens, he deserves for his superior 
duluess lo be chosen Kriiro-rvpafyos, 
the prince of ihe garden,' Bentley 

Kijp : ace xiap 

•4ft'* vpi"t ^' f*te, lot; adverse 
fale ; mlscliief, harm ; exiremity of 
fate, deatli. Ai Kijpis, the Fates.- - 
Oldkuv taJ K^pa iiiXaivay, Horn, ©n- 
voToy Tt Kaxov Ka'i Kljpa /ieXdivqv, Id, 

Kijpalvbi: 1 take to heart, I caiv 
iious about ; 1 set my heart 



Ki(puAoi : a kingfisher. — Bi^Xe if) 
^uXe n-ijpiiXot ti,,y, Alernan : I wish, I 
wish 1 were a kingfisher. See &0iKt 

Klipui, vKos '. a herald, crier. — For 
yflpuj fr. yflpvs, Aurnp o KifpiKtasi 
KiKcve Kijpiio-fftiv iiyop^vSt Kap>i-ai- 
ftoioyras 'A'j^aioit,'' Hoin. 

7 For 

B Ihe 

6 For aaphaltUB and salt and oil nre dra'trn 
from it in this mnimcr. First it is drawn iip 
bj means of a crane, but &e, 

9 TranalaCed bv Sebasnan : ■ Cdm piiella 
aodD iiritabit >d nuptinB spon- 

rhe Kij^! does net preveiit tBelito* 
sBu uui. i.uiu leepiring, bul does not allow il to «lt. 

i of inHeii- 12 Is it taHtol to give tribute to Csni or 

13 Fr. KfTiv^iriciiia, I cover, keep ftortt 
if Ihe God harm, S. So dlaniella r • Ah incmso borai- 
num pecndamqoe bortoi ninnire.' ■ GAaDtX 
ilnre drawn from So. Gnlh. qaekdj, (oindose.hodgSlii,' 

KHT 137 

Kifrof, cos : a whale. — H. cete and 

^ fiz^iji', fjyos: a drone. — 'EoUatriy 
oi roXarcs Ktiiftfifn' Kai yap apyoi koI 
&-K€yrpoi Kat tovs &\Korp(ovs iLv-aXl- 
atopres KOfiarovs,^^ Synesius 

Ki^wefs : odorous. — Fr. Krftit=:K&(a, 
I burn. From the eflfect of burning. 
*E$ O&Xafiov KaT-efiriffaTO Ktififeyra, Ki- 
hpiroy,^'' Horn. 

icifibriXos: adulterated, fictitious. — 
Translated by Tim. icpvPbriXos. If 
therefore we compare KtfiiaTbs, we 
may imagine tliat there was some an- 
cient word Klflb), signifying to hide or 
conceal, which produced K(fibfi\os. 
^pvaov KtfihifjXoio Kal dpyvpov, Theogn. 
= Kifiitus : a wallet^ pouch. — Comp. 

Ktfiwpioy : ^ Egyptian cup. — 
< Oblivioso levia Massico Ciboria ex- 
ple/ Hor. 

Kifikn-os, fi : a chest, box. — Cibus, 
says Festus, is called from the Greek ; 
for that, in which we lay cibum, food, 
they call ki^tiov 

KiyxXos : a wag- tail. — For kIkXos fr. 
ttkKifca}^ p. of Will, wh. Lat. cto, ctea, 
I move. Compare Lat. ' moticilla' 

KiyKXl^^i 1 move like a wag-tail, 
flutter about in pursuit of, J. O^ 
Xp^ KiyKX'iieiy kyaBoy /3fov, dXX* A- 
-rpefilSeiy, Theogn. 

KtyKXiSofAaii tremulikm crisso sen 
ceveo, de pathico cinaedo. Schol. 
dicit esse ro rijv otr^vy kivuv, to aU' 
Xtveodai Kal KiyelaOar avo lAern^" 
pas rov KiyxXov, quem nonnulli treiao^ 
-wyiha appellant, St. 

KiycXif, Ihos, ^ : lattices or win- 
dows made with cross-bars of wood, 
iron^ &c., balusters or rails inclosing 
any place, 6 nayKeXos rov iiKaorriploVf 

f KibaXoy : an onion 

Klbapii, drapis, ^ : a Persian tiara 
or turban. — * Cidarim Persae regium 
capitis vocabant insigne,' &c.. Cur- 


• Kibyrifii : See Kebam 

Kt06pa : ja stringed instrument of 
music. — H. cithara, cit&em, gittem, 

KiSiiy : Ionic form of xtrity 

KUivos, KUtyyos : a lock, curl. 
— ' Altior hie quare cincinnusi^' 
Juv. ' 

KiKKaflavi the screeching of owls. 
— From the sound 

KiKXifjaKta : I call, &c. — For icX//- 
tTKta fr. KX€u}=KaXlu) 

KiKvs, vos, y: bodily strength. — 
Fr. KiKiKa p. of Kita, I move, wh. cc- . 
yiw, I. e. power of motion. N. com- 
pares quick, as opposed to dead :'' 
' The quick and dead.' 'Eclrv oXiyos 
Kal &'KiKV5, Horn. 

KiXXl'fias, avros, 6 : a frame to place 
a shield on. — Properly, an ass-roount- 
er, fr. ctXXos, an ass, and fias fr. 
fifj^i, * Judaeus licet et porcinum 
numen adoret, Et rt7/t summas advo- 
cet auriculas,' Petron. Compare Xv- 
K^L-flas. * We call a frame of this 
sort a HORSE,' J. Tovs KiKkL^avras 
tUtrtf iral, rfji iiviribos,^^ Aristoph. 

KifiPipiKos : an epithet applied to 
cloth, supposed to be called so from 
the place of its manufacture, as ' cam- 
bric' fr. * Cambray' 

Kifxfii^, Klfiflrii: miserly, sordid. — 
^c6wXo2, yXiaypot, KifjiPiKes, waytes 
rp boaei €X-Xe/?rov9i,' Aristot. 

KlfjLfieposi Cimmerian, an epithet 
of darkness. *In that place,' says 
Homer, * were the people and the 
city of the Cimmerians, covered with 
darkness and cloud' 

KifiwXia : fullers* earth, clay of 
the island of Cimolus, * Cretosaque 
rura Gmoli,' Ov. 

Kiyiki : I move, put in motion, 
impel ; drive away ; disturb ; disturb 
from its former condition, change. 
— Fr. «/«,* wh. Lat. cio, cieo, L. Mj) 
Kiyei Kafiapiyay &'KiyriTOs yap d/ie/-* 
viay,^ Prov. 

Kty-afipa, Kiy-avpa : a bad smell. 

. 16 Parasites are like drones ; for they are 
idle, and sUngless, and consumers of others' 

17 He descended into his odorous cedar 

16 Compare kIkus, 

19 * QtUkr, Icel.f mobilis, y^'vbx ; LL. 
Soetb. quik, vivns, a quUca, moveri,' Sere- 

20 Fer, puer, fulcra mei djpei : Br. 

1 Sparing, tenacious, sordid, all of them 
fsul in giving. 

2 Compare Zptdyto and Bpdw ; and itywiw, 

3 Do not move Camarina; for it is better 
unmoved. A direction from the oracle not 
to disturb the lake of Camarina. Hence Vir- 
gil says : ' £t Fatis nunquam concessa mo- 
vBBi Apparet Camarina procol.' 


— Fr. Kivfia and avpa. A disturb' 
ance of the air, AlyHv Kiralipiii- 
Tuy, Aristopli. 

K'habot,* TO : a fox ; a craft^r fellow, 
— OBt ail Sayras fi^v, <3 xlfahat, ko- 
\aictiuv Tap-jjiroXouSeii, TtQvf&Tioi 
5" aim aXayyvn Kar-ijyopiuv,' Demostli, 
Kiv~atios :'■ See the Note 
KtvaQtafia, aros: a motion or rust- 
ling. — Fr, Ktviio or kIvu. ^eG, ^eu, 
Ti -Kier aZ KivaOiir^a kXuu HEXolf oiui- 
vHv'^ ^sch. 


|ue per aerit gyros Miiuus.' 

KipcfJu : t biud with rings, I 
er.^Fr. wpirDi 

K/pvau, Klpvril" '• for Kcpdu, 
'KiSvacii for o«e£(iu', n-irvaiii for 


Kf^pDE, iripiTOE : ' the game as o'Kfppoi, 
(as /lapciySoi, ff/iiipaySoi) scirrAut, 
a hard knotty lumor. Hence Lat. 
cirras, a knot of hair,' Salm. 

Ki^fiui: yellow, fire or wax-colored, 

the herb cereus. — Perhaps from the color of 

cinnamon the itip^t, a knotty tumor, or a veia 

Klvivvot: danger, risk, hazard. — distended wilh hlood. Galen men- 

MtyaXo-KlvivyoB, irni, Sray Kirbvveiip, tions three wines ; olvov sifipoy, At«- 

A-ipeii^s ToS fiioii,' Aristot. kov, fiiKaya 

Kiybvyeva: I risk, hazard. I run Kip^os: See llie firsttriVifiac.'" Others 
the risk or chance of doing so and suppose further that it is llie aame 
BO, it is likely that I shall do so and as aKippus, which see. So Kliyi/iK 
As the Latins say, Periculiim and aribvriiu. Sec. 

c ita sit, for, Farum ahest 
. qnin ita sit, so the Greeks say Kivbu- 
rewtf for lyylSu,,' TH. Kiyivyeiei, 
perhaps it is so, perhaps, probably 

Kiv^u: See before Kiy&jipa 

Kiyya^api : cinnabar, a species 
of the genus mercury, T. 

Kiyiiatro/iai : the Si 
1 am moved, I move 

Kffvpoi : doleful, raournfid. — 
Hence citoipo^ai, 1 mourn. O^ni'A^i' 
X^a Kivvperai a'iKiva fxi)T't)p, CallinUi 
Ovid: ' Mater ploravit Achilleni' 

KiKiiwera, biv ; bcaats, wild-beaata. 
Some construe it, reptiles ; ami 
suppose it put for Kivu-ireSti, moving 
on the ground. 'H dm /Bactctiji 'EiTj^n- 

' /5J^«era, 

uXijf,' Nica 

worm growmgincom 
or wood. — See a-Kiot 

Kirrjipit, K((r<Tripii: a piimice-stoiie. 
— So called, it is supposed, fr. kIi; 
from its appearing worm-ealen 

KiWn,'^ rirrn : a magpie, pica; 
an eccentric or irregular appetite, 
as Kcviofiai, medically termed pica;'^ pregnancy, 
so called from the eccentric appe- 
tites of pregnant women. —Heuce 
KiTvaai, I desire singularly or extra- 
vagantly : Oi KlrriScrei t^s dpttviji, 

Kiaaos :'* ivy. — Ylpna-elxeS' Hart 
maaas ipytaiv ia^yt)s,'^ Eurip. 

maavjiiov : an ivy bowl, called also 
t0t]J|5 KiafTiyot, &c. — Fr. Kiuiros 

Ki'oTij : a ehesi, boK, basket.— 
Allied are cista and chest ; and per- 

KIpKot, lepiKos : a ring, a ring or 

haps cisterna and ciilern 

link of a chain; circus, a circle; a 

irixXi/ : a thrush. — See the note on 

hawk or kite from moving round aud 

Klaaa. HenceKi;^\i£ui,Ieat ihrushes 

round in the air ; as Ovid : ' dueens- 

or fare lusuriously : Ot6' oi/«-*»- 

iFi.Kwfa; {rom-HscaK-me^.-L. liv; 

11 Fr.«ro,, L. It might be derived ftom 

has ■ hoveue ac moliri niiquid.' 

5 Whom you, you fox. followed clDM 

Fr. «/K.f«. pp. of Kia L. derives LaL e^Mx. 

Hich Battery vihen ihey weiD ilive, and are 

12 Fr. K-m are k(<«™, Kij(\7,, and KfywAu; 

not aihamEd to accuse wlicn they are dead. 

frum the frequent motion of Iheir tail aod 

6 CinicdM, qui nrDritum alierius eicitat 
r# KB.S' airoS ri oftoli. Vide BiMi. 

their whole body, Men. 

r Aha. &lu, what rustling of bird, do I 

the magpie. 

hear agnin near i 

l-l Ft. [it^iturffoi pp. of] xlca, BH fprvUtf 

8 One who cnten into great riaksi and. 

ft. timi. Persioii speaks of ■ hedcni! seqoa- 

when lie lislii, ia i]<nrele» uf life. 

CP3,' and Virgil of ' hede™ etraiitps," Men. 

9 Or on Ihe esiicmily of a copse wEiere 

15 He adhered aa iinsly ts ivy to brucb- 

many animala Teed on the wood. 





yeiiff ovbk iCixXc^u^/^ Aristoph. * Nil 
melius turclo/ Hor. 

Kix^iSta : See aboTe. Also, I kickk 
or giggle i! 

K/^itf^ Kixiia,^"^ Kij(fiixif Kiy(aviii : I 
reach, come up to, overtake. — Mif- 
ptSy^s 'Aicdfjiapra kix'^^ irool ropiraX/- 
fiotatt^^ Horn. ^H /udXa iri ae iccx^ve* 
rat aMs oXedpos,*^ Id. 

Kixifpfi, piov : cichorium, the plant 

Klta : I move, advance, go. — Hence 
Lat. eio and eieo. Hence also Kivito 

Kliay, opos, 6, ffi 2L pillar, co- 
lumii. — Generally supposed to be 
the participle of ici<a; that which 
moves or advances on high, or ap- 
pears to do so. Kioyes l\l/69* Hx^vres, 
Uom. ' Springs upwards like a py- 
BAMID of fire,' Milton 

KX&Sw, y{a>, fr. KXdyyto : I make 
a shrill stridulous noise. — Comp. 
clango, clangor, clang 

K\ay€p6s : making a stridulous 
noise. — Fr. licXayov a. 2. of xXaSia 

KXdios : a twig, bough, branch ; 
the handle of a spear. KXabevia, I 
lop off branches. — * Properly a ten- 
der branch, fr. icXaor, I break. That 
which can be broken,' Dm. ' Clades 
is properly said of branches of 
trees broken either by a tempest or 
by too much fruit, or being fit for 
lopping off. Fr. KXabos, or kXqMw, 
or fir. icX^, I break,' Fac. 

leXaitf, kXaiu, icXavw : I weep, la- 
ment. — TiKvor, rl KXaUis ; Hom. 
KXaie hk THriXifiaxos, Id. 

KXAu : I break. — See irX<!i^s 

KXa/i/3os : mutilated. — For icXa- 
fios fir. icXduf, I break, L. See Od/i- 

rXa{, ^: a key. — Fr. xX^^to for 
kXdtfikf, Doric form of KXriitru^sKXtltrw 
fut. of icXecctf 

KXdpwy : a tablet. — Doric form of 
KXijpioy fr. xXfipos, So ^ sortes' is de- 
fined by Fac. ' tabellae inscriptae' 

KXaa/io, arot: a fracture, frag- 
ment. — Fr. KekXatrfiai pp. of xXdta 

KXavfia, atos : a weeping. — ^Fr. ic^- 

].6 Not to eat fish or thrushes. 

17 Fr. k(u is kIxco, kix^co, TH. 

18 Meriones having reached Acamas vfith 
rapid feet. 

19 Certainly rapid destruction is reaching 

20 For Kd\4irrw^Ka\^frr», S. 

xXav/iac pp. of kXawa, See after 

jcXda» : See after xXdios 

KXe/w, icX^w, icXetSia I I celebrate ; 
make mention of; name, call. — 
Formed fr. KoXia, Hence the Muse 
Clio : * Quern virum aut heroa lyr& 
vel acri Tibi& sumes celbbrarb, 
Clio r Hor. 

KXecvdr, KXteyyosy kXeitos : cele- 
brated. — See above 

KXecos, KXios, eosi celebrity, re- 
nown ; report, rumor. — See above 

KXe/»: I celebrate. See above 

KXe/ctf: I close, shut, bar up. — 
Hence xXeU, icXrih, Doric^ icXaU wb. 
Lat. claVts. Fr. KiKXeitrrat pp. is 
KXeitrrpoyy clatutrum 

KXsls, i8of, i: a key, bar. — See 

KX^irroi,^ xpta: I thieve, steal; 
do any thing secretly, fraudulently ; 
defraud, deceive. — Hence Lat. clepo : 
* Ubi data occasio est, rape, clepe, 
tene,' Plant. From ic4cXe/Li/Liai pp. is 
KXififia, stealth, wh. probably is Lat. 
clam. Fr. «c€icXe)//ac is clepB-ydra,^ 
an hour-glass 

KX^ras, TO : the same as tcXlros 

KXexjj'vbpa : See KXiirrta 

KXriyu : I shout out. — Fr. kI* 
KXriya pm. of kX&Sm 

KX^bos, €os : a security, fence. — 
For KXrfibos^KXtiboSf fir. xXeU 

KXi^oiv, kXerfitifyp ^ : glory; fiime; 
rumor, report; calling, appellation. 
— As &x!^7ibitfy is that which &x^^ 
dXyribiity that which dXyec, so xXribity 
is that which jcX^ei or icaXe?; and 
hence is sometimes, rumor, fame, 
voice, Bl. See KXelta 

t KXridpri : an alder-tree 

KXfjOpoy : a bolt, bar. — ^The same 
as KXeWpoy. * Velut ursus Objectos 
cavese valuit si frangere clathros,* 

KXi7/ia, oros: a shoot, twig, branch, 
vine-branch. — Fr. K^KXrifiai pp. of 
kXclw, from its firagility. Comp. jcXd- 
bos. Hence the plant clematis 

KXfjpos :^ a pebble used in cast- 

1 Fr. S8«p, water. For the water passes 
through this instrument insensibly and as it 
were by stealth. 

2 From its pushing out creeping branches 
like the vine, Mor. 

8 * Fr. KXdw, it being a broken piece or 
fragment of wood or of something else/ Dm. 

KAH 1 

ing lots, a lot ; a pDiHion or sbare 
assigned by lot. — H. cleras, clerical, 
clergy, from the first appointments 
ill the Christian Church having been 
made, as in the case of Matthias, 
by lot 

'KKfjats, eiui, ^ : a calling, sum- 
mona.— Fr. KitXijaai pp. of x\iia=i 
KoUu. H. ec-clcsia 

K\i-fiarot : an oven or furnace.— 
For Kp[-j3ayos, fr. Kpl or xpj, barley, 
and pafot, an oven. Tov ^iproy rau 
oypot, ortfifioy ovra ral avpiov eit 
Mparov l3a\\6,ieyoy* NT. 

KXiru : I recline, lie dovfn, lean 
upon ; make lo recline, lay down ; 
1 make an inclination downwards, 
decline, as applied lo the sun set- 
ting ; I cause an inclination down- 
wards, depress, cast down ; I am 
depressed, cast down; 1 cause an 
inclination backwards, facio ul qiiis 
in fugam inclinet, 1 repulse ; 1 dc- 

KXl/ia, BTot : JDcIination down- 
wards, declivitv, — Fr. k^kXi/ioi pp. 
of Myu 

KXi/ia, oTos : a portion of the 
world between North and South, 
varying in tlie longest day half an 
hour's space, clime, climate, — Fr. 
KixXiftat pp. oi xXiyw. 'Because for 
a certain space it inclines to the pole 
or declines from the equator,' Fac. 

KXliia^. atoi, ^ : a series of steps, 
a ladder ; a climax (wh. anti-climax) 
in rhetoric. — Fr. niKXifiai &c. I. e. 
a series of declivities or acclivities. 
Nouns in £ denote magnilude or 

KXh'T] : that on which we recline, 
3 couch, bed. — Fr. KXiria 

KXiyu) : See before aXl/ia 

KX.ff/a : a place in which we re- 
cline, a tent, or covered place ; a 
row of persons reclining. — Fr. Ki- 
KXiaai &c. 

KXiaiabei : doors. — Apparently 
the same as KXttcrluSfs fr. KiAeiaai 
pp. of eXeiu, I shut 

KXiros, tat: declivity, slope. — 
Fr. KitXiTai pp. of xXivia 

KXoioi, kX^oi : any thing which 


incloses, a collar, clog for the tiedi 
or limbs, chain, necklace. — Fr. «■ 
tXata pni. of kXc/u, I shut 

tXiJyot : din, tumult. — Jii) &' ifity 
&v re [xayiiy Hal ivo kXocov iy\tia- 
<«►,' Hom. 

KXovio: I throw into tumult am) 
confusion, I disturb, agitate. — Fr, 

KXinn): theft, &c. — Fr. KixXowa 

pID. of KXirria 

KXoTOTreifoi : I wear away the time. 
— Oi yap jy>ij (Aormreueiv ivBaS)' ioy- 
ras. Oig^ bia-Tpilieiv," Horn. 

KXiSu : 1 wash, as waves against 
the shore ; I wash, rinse. — Fr. ti- 
KXvirrai pp. is clyster, and by cor- 
ruption glister 

KXibiey, tayot, 6 : a violent wash- 
ing of the waves against the shore, 
swell, tide.— Fr. exXvioy a. 2. of itXu- 

KXvbi, tXi/iii 1 hear, perceive. 1 
hear well or ill, i. e. 1 am well or ill 
spoken of, like 'audio:' 'Est bomi- 
nis ingenui velle bene AudiRE ah 
omnibus,' Cic.— KXve «, itXiie, g^- 
aitOT, JEsch. From KixXvTai pp. is 
kXut-oi, renowned, wh. 
Fr. icAiiiii is Lai, clueo ; ' Magna faci- 
nora qute clara et din clueent,' Plaut. 

* KkiiifSoi-. a kind of hollow place 
for capturing or detaining birds. 
'I'yyo-weiay , t:at tqi yevpo-reveit va- 
ylhat, K.Xiiij3o\ii t' afiijit-ppuiyas, Epigr. 
This passage, says Jacob, treats of 
the capture of wild-beasts; and 
hence tXoipois should be perhaps 
changed to kX^ovs^^kXoiovc, collars, 

KXi^fu: t cluck, cackle. From 
the sound of kX. Also, ' I eipel 
from the theatre by a sound made in 
striking the tongue against the palate 
in the pronunciation ofsX,' Scap. 

KXifloj, a^: 1 spin.— H. the Fate 
Clotho. Compare cloth 

KXiu/joi, airos, o: a place abounding 
in crags and broken or rugged preci- 
pices. — FomXao^af fr. kXou. Nouns 
in £ denote magnitude nr multitude 

KXii-, (Jiot, !•: a tender branch 
or twig. — Fr. »-Xu, I break. From iU 

1 Tbo otaj! of the Beid whi 
i! to-morrow » cast into I - 
p go tbfot 

(biougli the din of spea 

e We luuit Qiit Hca 

the bittle and dolay. 




fnifeilityl See cXddos and jcX^/ia 

K\i^}p, vTos : a thief. — Fr. ic^cXoirti 
pm. of K\i7rru> 

KvafAVTu : See KaiJLima 

Kvditf, icvfifii, KvriOia, xyiia,'' Kyvm^ 
,Kvaiw, KrlSio: I scrape, scratch, 
prick, excite an itching, tickle, grate, 
gnaw. 'Etti h* oty€ioi' Kyfj rvpov Kvyi- 
9Ti \a\K€iri, Horn., She scraped the 
goats' cheese with a brass scraper. 
Gnaufy gnash, gnat may be com- 

Kvaxror, yvairrw : I card wool. — 
Fr. Kvdti 

Kvafevs : a fuller. — Fr. ixyafa p. 
of i:ydvT«a 

Kyakf ; See before jcmnrw 

Kyiv : See before Kydima 

Kriidia : See before cvaTrrcn 
^ Kv^as, aros : darkness. — Allied 
to yi^os. See yy6<^% 

ffy^ros:^ a plant of a^ yellow color, 
called the bastard -saffron. — Hence 
icviyicos, yellow, tawny. Lawi'Tpiyps 
el^e Tpayoio KyaKoy hipfjC &fioitn,^ 

KyiJKtay : a goat. See above 

KyiifATj 'J^ the leg. — Hence KyfjfiU, 
a -boot. Kyrifiibas irepl tcyiffjiytriy 
IkdriKe KaXar,'^ Horn. '£i;-ffi^/il5as 
•Axo*w«,'* Id. 

Kvhfitii : the spoke or radius of a 
wheel.-— "H/Si; h" iifif ox^eatn So&s 
flaXe KafinvXa KjixXa XdXicca, otcrd- 
'KytifAa,^^ Horn* 

Kyrifibsi the part of a mountain 
which rises from its foot. — Fr. Kvfififi 

KvlSki : See Kydto 

Kylhri : a nettle. — Fr. iicyiiov a. 2. 
of Kpl^ta 

Kyiaa, Kvlvaa : a PUNGENT scent 
or savor arising from burning or 
roasting fat ; fat. — Fr. Kvlaia fut. of 

Kvit^, iiro*, 6 : a gnat. — Fr. Wi- 
wrti, allied to KvlSia 

t KyvSa : the herb flee-bane • 

KyvSdti : I yelp, whine, whimper. 
— Kvy€s ov^ t^Xdovro, KvvSrfi^f J' 
Mpiaae ita tnaSfJioio ^d/Si^Oey,'^ Horn. 

KvvSou, KyvkH I scratch. — Sc^ 

KyMaXoyi an animal, great or 
small.— «* For Kiyu^haXoy; from its 
having the power oC motion. Aci- 
Xoy is a termination as in haihaXot, 
aKayiaXoy,* Bch. Kviu^aXa Sfroa irep 
^cfpos rpi<l>Mi ijbk OaXatrtra,^^ Hesiod 

Kywbovs, oyros, 6: the point or 
blade of a sword; prong of a hunt- 
ing pole. — E/^ovs^EXirec oiirXoiis xy^h- 
Soiraf,** Soph. 

Kyufatrwi 1 sleep profoundly, snore. 
"^HfiytXdweia 'Hbv ftaXa Kv^trtnnw* 
€v oyeipei^trt xvXj|9c,'^ Hom. 

ff04!iXe/uos: silly, light-minded. — 'Fr. 
Koita=iyoiia, and &Xi|. Wandering in 
mind,' £.'' Toy Eh&A<^ya, oyrcL dy 
hpa &Xd£ova Koi KoaXefioy, . Nume- 
nius: Euthyphron, a boasting siUy 

Kodf: noise of a frog croaking. — 
Bp€K€K€Kk^ Koa^ «coa{, AHstoph. 

K6fiaXos : an impostor, deceiver, 
intriguer. — ' Goblin is probably fr. 
KofiaXos, a kjnd of demon, according 
to the Schpl. on Ari^ph. ; wh. also 
the Low Lat. gobelinus,^ T. Jones 
compares cabal 

Koyx^ : concha, a shell 

K6yxos : a shell or shell-fish ; any 
thing in its form. See above. 

KoipdyTfiSp ov: the Latin quadrans, 

Koiof : the Ionic form of yoiti, Br. 

KdOopyos : cothurnus, a buskin 

7 Ky4», says Vk., is contracted fr. k€v(o9, 
(wh. K€»t4w and Kirrp^v,) and together with 
lo^and Kiflw combine, the notions of rub- 
Mog and pricking. 

8 Perhaps ft, flicvriKa p. of icydv. From its 
pungency. 'The best safiron plants have a 
strong acid smell/ EB. 

9 He had on his arms the yellow skin of a 
thick-haired goat. 

10 That which may be rubbed or polished. 
IV. Mityrifuu pp. of Kvdu^ From its smooth- 
aesB, L. Kifrifios is, hard and which can be 
lubbed. Hence Kviifiii is the hard bone of the 
leg, dnram os tibis, TH. 

1 1 He placed handsome boots around his 

12 The well-booted Greeks. 

13 Hebe quickly placed about the chariots 
curved wheels, made of iron, and having 
eight spokes. 

14 llie dogs did not bark, but ran fright- 
ened and yelping in different directions 
through the stall. 

15 Animals of whatever kind the land and 
the sea product.' 

16 He draws put two points of a sword, or 
a double-pointed sword. 

17 Penelope sweetly snoring in 'the gates 
of dreams. 

18l This is dubious. A word of similar 
form, says R., is idXt/wsn - 


I +2 


KuOovpoi : uii epitliel of a drone, 
but gf uncertain meaning. — Kij^ij- 
ycaai KoOovpais IteXot opyi)v, Hesiotl 

Kot rot : sounds expressive of the 
grunting of bogs. Hence Kotiw, I 

KOiKiiXXu) : Ti nJ trv KVtav^t ; $ rl 

KoiKuWea l^uv ; Aristoph. Trnns- 
lated by Br. : • What are jou again 
niachinaling 1 or why are you look- 
ing about V Allied perhaps to col- 
Xoi ate ri KuXa, the hollows of the 
eye above and below ; wh. raiirifX- 
Xci>', to turn the eyes up and down 

KoiXot : hollow ; capacious. — H. 
Lat. calum, the concave of the sty 

EoiXi'a : the beily, paunch. Tripe. 
— Fr. KotKat 

coiXi'a : A'l Tuv tiziruv tnro-OvJjaKvv- 
Tttv toAlai, Polyb., The carcases of 
liorMS stripped of (heir skin, skelp- Plaul, 
tons of horses. KoiXi'a*' eiX^^i, Id,, KoXa^u, 
Ifed become fat, 'bad become en 
bon point,' Schw. 

Koi/iaai : 1 cause to rest or sleep. 
— Fr. KiKOifiai pp. of Kolio=K6b> fr. 
KiKoa pm, of Kiu, wh. Ktlfoi, Vk. 
From pp. KEHoiiiijtath cemeteri/ 

Kotvosz common, in common, be- 
longing to many or alt ; common, 
profene.— ' H.ccena, properly a meal 
made by many eating together,' Fac. 
From hri-toiyos is the epi-cene gen- 
der. And fr. ey-Koivou is probably 

Koiewv and xoivuvoi ; one who acts 
in common or in concert with ano- 
ther, one who participates with ano- 
ther or who makes anolher a partici- 
pator in his plans, fortune, *c. — Fr. 

KoKKos: grain with wliic 

died of a scarlet or crimson eolor; 
crimson died in grain, Fac. — ' Rubra 
ubi cocco Tincta super lectos cande- 
ret vestis eburuos,' Uor. 

KoKKi/^ : a cuckoo, aud a eock. 
KaKKv£ KOKKvSei, Uesiod 

Kiinat : forefathers TijXoSi f 

lo^e ipvos jtiXesvv' xoxliai yitp IXi^a*, 
'A/iiv w! wfiurepai [lareptt eiri 5pue»,'' 

• K(.Xa/3pJ5<- : I insult, ill-treat, 

KoXairrw, ipia: 1 beat, batter; 1 
impress, stamp, engrave, as in ' type ' 
fr. Stv^o^ a. 2. of ri^T^, I strike.- 
'Fr. tinoka pm. of keXm, I drive, 
impel,' L. From p. tEKoXo^a is co- 
laphus, a blow or thump: 'Jam in 
:bro colapkos abstrudam tuo,' 

Kolpavos ; 
Kopavei fr. 
So 'helman 
Ihe Cossack I 

Ko/jTj; a bed, couch, 
rni, as KOI/law fr, Kixoi/u 
Compare cot 

19 Kfop jour azB (u fcam tlie oak ; for 
our forefathers liave told us that our former 

a chief, prince. — For 
i[»f)=Kop, wh. K&paroi. 
' i. e. headraau, among 

-Fr. .iixoi- 
. pp. &c. 

1 beat, chastise, 
punish ; prune, lop otf, applied to 
plants.— Allied to k-oXaTrriu, L, 'E-trri 
Toi KoKav Knioiis KoKaSav,"' Eurip. 

irtXnJ, njcos: a parasite, fiatlerer. 
— Fr. K^Xoc, food. See Qov-k6\ou 
So ' parasite ' fr, rnros. 'Pw xat XApj'i- 
oa ftorov KopaKai KoKatat re hi-nrrq,' 

KoXaiTTu : See before Ko\a£ia 

KoXa^iiu: I buffet. — See KoXaxrw 

KoXeos, ^ KouXtDv ; a sheath. — 
Hence Lat. culeus, a sack, or bag: 
' Insuere in cukvm,' Cic. 

KoXot :^ cbpped, mutilated, bat- 
tered. — Hence in geography the 
col-nres:'^ 'Thrice Ih' Equinoctial 
line He circled, four limes cross 'd the 
car of night From pole to pole, 
traversing each colure,^ Milton 

KoXcpai (lies : sheep with short 
wool.— Fr. KoXos. Being as it wert 
clipped, L. Some compound it of 
KuXivi and epos, wool 

KoXerpdu : I bruise, bailer, sttinip 
upon. — Allied to ki ' ' 

Kokli,, Kikkll, 

1 kind of 

jr forefath ... 

molhera were o«kB. ' Gpnsque vitOni truneia 
el duro robore natii,' Vi™. 

20 It is fair to puniah the bad. 

1 Only P and A divide K^poKoi (ravene) 
sad K^Aoirai ({larasitca), Fiom the mvenoiu 
uUuie of each. 

2 L., aaa i/m. Tuter ii to istufios, 

3 Fr. K^aXa pm. of iieAw. Conip. KBXjtrm, 
i Two great tirtlei of the sphere, which 

luterBectone BDodier at right angles at the 

poles of the world. Fr. K6\as and aupi, ■ 

i) tail, for thej appear to have the tail clipped, 

- they are never seeD entire above the bori- 




cakc.5— ?n x**<f^ '^^^*'^<'-0«y«»* Ari- 

KoAXa: the hide of an animal ; 
glue, as made from k. — Hence the 
French collet glue. And hence some 
derive proto-coU Hence icoXXdw, I 
glue : "Apfiaat KoWriToiin,^ Horn. 

icdXKafios: a kind of cake. FfXa- 
KovPTas &wTa, KoWd^vs, Aristoph. 
Also, the same as k6\\o\I/ 

KoWoyl^f OTTOS, 6 : the iiardest part 
of the leather of the hide of oxen; 
harpsichord pegs to brace the chords, 
made of this leather, N. Applied to 
that which braces or keeps any thing 
on the stretch : Ainy t^s opyfjs oXi- 
yov Tov irdXXoir* dyeifiey,^ Aristoph. 
See KoXXu 

KoXKoxpi a catamite, cinsedtis. — 
Ohbk yap aiiibs Ovb* eXcos bavar^ 
KokKowi ffvy'Tpi<l*€r<Hf^^ £pigr. 

KoWv/ios : a small piece of money. 
— ^Hence KoXXvl^ioTriSf a money-bro- 
ker. Tar rpaneSas twv KoWyfiiorwy 
Kar^trrpeyj/ey 6 *lrioovs,^^ NT. 

KoXKi^pa : a cake. — See the passage 
quoted on icdybvXos 

KoXXvpiov: salve for the eyes. — 
* Hie oculis ego nigra meis collyria 
lippus Illinere,' Hor. 

KoXo)3ov : the same as koKos 

KoXoias :'* a jay, jack -daw. — Kpa- 
yirai koXoioi, Pind., Bawling or 
noisy jack-daws. Kara-xputSovoi ko- 
Xoco2, Aristoph. Hence koX^os, tu- 
mult, noise 

KoXoicifydri: a gourd. — H. colocynth 
and c&loquintida, a bitter apple like 
a gourd : *The food, that to him is 
now as luscious as locusts, shall be 
to him shortly as bitter as coloquin- 
tidaf* Shaksp. 

K6Xoyf KiUXoy: one of the intes*- 

5 Possibly it is a kind of liogs*-pudding fr. 

6 Oh hail thou cake-eater. 

7 As made of skin. Others refer it to led- 
Xop, a limb. ' Properly, the first folio of a 
book. npQros, first,' Mor. 

8 With chariots well glued or joined to- 

'9 We would relax a little the strings which 
brace his anger. 

10 For neither shame nor pity thrive with 
a prodigal catamite. 

11 Jesus threw down the tables of the 

12 Fr. K4icoXa p. of xiXu, I batter, L. See 

13 Sweeping along with the noise of a tor- 

tines. Ta KoXa, the intestines.^ — H« 
the coUc 

K6Xoy : food. — See jSotr-rdXos 

KoXof : See before xoXtpal 

KoXaatfbs : a large 8tatt»e. — H. the 
colossus o( Rhodes 

KoXoovprot:^^ a great noise.-^-'Er 
ope&oiy *Ayhp(ay ii^k kvpHv KoXwrvp* 
roy,** Horn. 

KoXovcii : I cut, clip, beat, batter, 
mutilate. — Fr. icoXos 

KoXo^wv, &yos, 6 : an end, a finish- 
ing stroke. — According to Strabo, 
because the inhabitants of the city 
of Colophon were so superior in their 
cavalry that, wherever that was 
present, they gained the Tietoty and 
put an end to the fight. According 
to the Schol. on Plato, because, 
when the votes of the twelve Ionian 
cities were equal, the Cohphonkuu 
gave the casting vote 

K6Xiros : a bosom ; and, as * stnos' 
in Latin, a bay, creek, i;u}f. Also, 
the fold of a garment. — ^T. compares 
gulf, Ital. golfo for colfo, as * gu- 
berno ' for 'cubemo,' KvfitpyA 

KoXvfifiaw :'' I swim pr dive. — ^E* 
iciXevoe tovs hvyafiiyovs KoXvpfifv, 
avo'ppixl/avras icpirrovs, kn\ rijfy yfjy 
l^'iiyai,^^ NT. Vossius hence de- 
rives colwmha :'^ * Oscula dat cupido 
blanda cohmba mari,' Ov. 

KoX\iKoyi a poisonous herb. 'Ve- 
aena ColcMca,' Hor. 

KoXiuvos, KoXityii : a hill. — Perhaps 
Lat. collis is allied. * To the north 
of Athens was the hill Colonus, thef 
scene of (Edipus Coloneus, the Tra-^ 
gedy of Sophocles,* Butler 

iroX^os : See icoXocos 

t Kofiapos : a strawberry tree 

K6fiii: coma, hair; hair of a 

rent, J. See icoKtphs and <ripw. This deiiya* 
tion is dubious. 

14 A great noise of men and dogs on the 

16 ' For KoXvfidM fr. ico\vfihssmicoXofi6s» 
Because persons swimming appear mutilated,^ 
Fhv. ' From the notion of beating or impell- 
ing the water. Fr. Ktieoka, (pm. of Kiku) wh. 
KoAcdrrci, 6lc,,* L. 

16 He commanded those, who were able to 
swim, to cast off first and ^et to land. 

17 Varro from the sound. 'Had Varro 
known it/ says the £B., ' he might have add- 
ed that tiie British word is also taken from 
the sound : for KUpmmen, Kylobman, Kulm, 
Kolm, signify the same bird.' 


tree, leaf 

Kd/iuu: I take care of my hair; 
have lung hair, — Fr. Ko/iri 

Kofidu : I HID vain or arrogant ; 
arroganlly exult. "Eirl rvpavvlhi ino- 
[irjae, 111 Herodolus, Schw. Jrans- 
lates: Is cristas tolleiis cunsiliiim 
inierat occupands tyrannidis. 'Turn 
(lemuiii movet arma leo, gaudelqiie 
comantes Exculiens cervice toros,' 

Ki/ijias : an ornamenlal knol. See 

Kofiiut : I take care of, feel con- 
cerneH about, nourish, cherish. — 

Horn. ' Some derive ko/iij, coma, the 
hair, fr. kotil-i,' Fac. 

Kd//ij : See before to/iuw 

KofiiiTtft : a comet. — Fr. teiro/iijrai 
pp. of Kofiam. From its hairy tail 

Ko^if^u: I take uare of, nourisli, 
support, like no/iiui. Also, I bear, 
aupporl, carry, convey : Kni ou, ir^i, 
KUfiiSi n«,'' Soph. 

KOfiih^: with care and diligence ; 
thoroughly ; entirely ; altogellier.- — 
Fr. KOfiiSiMi. Hofitbij eiptiKot £rDircc,'° 


Koirru, \pbi : 1 cut, cut to pieces ; 
beat, strike, batter, batter to pieces. 
— I'r. pp. lixofftai is comma, a insiTk 
digtinguishiiig the sections of a 
sentence. Fr. pm. KEKoira is apo-cope, 
that which cuts away or strikes from 
the end of a sentence, as in 'peculi' 
for ' peculii.' A nd tyn-cope. Allied to 
this is probably the French couper, 
and to chop 

Ku/i/ia, aroi : a SECTION of a sen- 
tence ; and a point marking such 
section, a comma. A mark battered 
or stamped on a coin, — See above 

Ku/i/ii : gummi, gum 

Kofifiiis: lamentation attended with 
beating or striking the body. — Fr. 
KdKOfiftni, &c. 

xofinoi '. artificial elegance, super- 
fluous orunment.— Probably allied to 
Lat. como, comlus, and Gr, t.-a^i^oi 
and Koo/iDs. Kiio'^oi ri< fit i-Kf^^e roc 

19 Cutjpso, who loved and look care of 

19 And do you, bo;, lupport me. 

20 You have alCogetlier said things which 
are nollimg to tlie purpose. 

t A certain eiteranl snperfluoui oina- 

.4 KOM ^p 

iS,>iidfv KB/ifiuiriroi,' Hermog. '^^ 

Kufinot ; a noise made by striking 
or battering ; any nuise, noisy words 
of boasting, high-sounding words, — 
For Ko-n-as ft, ireiroffa pm, of Kdirrti, as 
Tfifi-narov for Tvwavoy fr. tutttio 

i:o/tiro-\aKvOii! : an empty boaster. 
— Fr, xofmoi and Xok^ui, Br. 

Ko/ii^iic : ' Koii}pvv is any thing 
neat and elegant. Plato often usei 
it in an ironical manner, not so much 
of B true and natural as of a super- 
fluous and adscitilious elegance. 
KofiyiioTcpoy tia-xtietlai is said of in- 
valids who are beginning to be a litlle 
better. So Archilochus uses £-(a/i- 
1^01 of a sick person,' R. — Fr. cci/irrw 
fr. Knfiia, Lat. como, L, Hence nofi- 
i/zac is comtus, S. Dressed, combed, 
Conip. ' lautus' fr. 'lavo' 


Fr. the sound, L. 'A/i(i) S^ v^m I/iep- 

haXtov Korajirjauv iiiiaAyruit' iiir' 'A- 
Xatmy,'^ Horn. 

Kiyhv, voi, TO : a cup.— iw^.-g^r ^t 
Kiykoui apyvifiiaio Nei;rop,' Pancrii- 
tes. Some, says T., derive gondola, 
a little boat, fr. tdcSu. ' In a gon- 
dola were seen together Lorenzo and 
his amorous Jessii-a,' Shaksp. 

KovtvXoi: the knuckle, fist ; blow 
with the knuckle or fiat.— 'O 'Hpn- 
icXqt irdiba KoybiiMirai aJr-iicrelve,* 

Kuyts, Kopla: dust.ashcs, cinders; 
plaster, chalk ; ley to wash with. — 
H. cinig. And Koriu,, I cover my- 
self with dust in buKteuing ; 1 attend 
or wait on with celerity, I minister. 
Fr. iia-coyibi is diaronvi, a dracon 

Kvvitti : See above 

Koci-oprct: dust raised. — Fr.KrSfK 
and oprai pp. of opbi, wh. oriui. 
Homer has upro torlij 

Kova, ihoi : a nit. — MeXi nara-ypia' 
(levov ^dtlpas Kal Koviiai diOtlpti,^ 


Kdvic : dust, &c. See after xiyh*- 

KoviV- and Kovlaa-iAot : ft cloud 
of duat.— Fr. toytt and d\w, I roll, 

2 And tlie ships lesounded terribly Sroniid 
under the shouts of the GreniiuiB. 

3 Pouring oectsr from a «hite cup. 

4 Hereulei killed tlie child nitti hii fiiU. 

fi Honey gmeared orer them destioj* liM 




Dust rolling. Comp. Kovi^oprvs 

Koyviut : I know, understand. — 
Comp. to con, cunning, and to ken : 
• Tliey say tliey con to heaven the 
high way/ Spenser. And can in, ' I 
can do so:* i.e. I know how to do so 

kSvi^s : the beard. — 'fis ay oh wpo 
woWov roy kovvov iLwo-KeKOfiriKm,'' Lu^ 

Kovos, Kovvos : an ornament hang- 
ing from a woman's ears. — ' Allied to 
Kiivos, (wh. a cone,) any thing which 
gradually narrows into a sharp point/ 

-irovra : answering to the Lat. -gin- 
ia. See elKoai 

KopTos :' a long pole to propel 
vessels, or explore the depth of wa- 
ter. — • Ipse ralem conto subigit/ 

Ko6pTig : the Lat. cohors, ortis 

K6vos\ labor, wearisomeness, ti- 
redness. — Fr. ic^icoTra, &c. For corn 
among the ancients was broken by 
battering it ; and, from this trouble- 
some labor of battering corn, all trou- 
blesome labor was called itotos. Dm. 

Korii^cii : I rest. — Fr. i:()'iTos. Pro- 
perly, I rest being spent with toil 

KoTT/r, ihos, jf : a knife ; a coulter. 
— Fr. rccoira pra. of icottto;, I cut 

K6vis, etas, 6: a high-sounding ora- 
tor, an empty babbler. — Fr. KiKova, 
&c. See KOfiTTos 

Koiros : See before Koiraiu) 

Kowvarias : a horse marked with 
a koppa. P inverted or q, the Koph 
of the Phoenicians, says Bent., was a 
mark burnt into the thighs of horses 

Kdvpos, ^: dung, mire; a stable. — 
lUvXtybofievos Kara Kowpoy,^ Horn. 

Koirrw : See before KOfifw, 

Kop : See Kap 

KopaKiyos : some fish. — ' Princeps 
Niliacis raperis, coracine, macellis,' 

KopaXKiov: coral, — For Kop'dXtoy 
fr. Kopos a\6s, a sprout of the sea, L. 

7 As one who bad nut long before taken 
tbe hsur from his beard. 

8 L. comparef K^vrpov^ 

9 Rolling in the dung and mire. 

10 It serves as an axe for carpenters, and 
a knocker for doors. 

11 He did not scoff at the bald, nor draw 

the K^«i(. 

12 Intemperance of life and drunkenness 
and lascivious dances. 

Kopa|, aKosi a raven, CORVUS. 
Also like ' corvus,' a grappling-iron, 
an instrnment pointed like a raven's 
beak. — From K(5paf, icopFaJ, corVax 
(as v\a, (Ti/Xa, (Tu\Fa, sylVa), xscorvus 

Kopa^: a door-knocker. — Tiicromy 
o{/nj, rols he wvXiaai Kopa^*^ £pigr. 

k'opbai, aKos, 6 : a kind of lascivioQS 
dance. — Ovb* ^aicwype rovs <l>a\aicpovs, 
ohbe Kopba^ etXicvcrey,^^ Aristoph. 
' Cas. supposes, from the word.ecXicv- 
aev, that this dance was danced to a' 
rope,* Br. 'A-Kpaaiay row jSiov kcA 
fjiidiiy Kal KopbaKt(T/iovs,^^ Deiiiosthl 

Kop'bvXfi : a cover for the head. — 
Fr. icop=fcap and b^to, L. 

Kopbvs: a club. — Fr. r(5p. Having 
many heads or knobs, like Kopvyij, S. 
Kopbv'fjaXKufToy wiboy,*^ Lucian 

Kopew : I fill to the top, satiate. — 
Fr. Kop, L. 

Kopibf : I brush, sweep, clean ; 
brush away. — ^EK-Kopei, ic6pri, Kopu' 
vr)y,^^ quoted by Dm. * Kopita is fr. 
Kopos, a broom ; properly sprouts, fr. 
nop, i. c. that which grows from the 
surface,' L. See Kop-aWioy 

Kopri : a young girl, a damsel, pupa, 
pupilla ; a daughter ; a virgin ; a 
puppet, doll; the pupil of the eye. — 
See Kopos 

Kopri : Proserpine, as being snatch- 
ed, say the Grammarians, when a 
virgin by Pluto 

* Koprj : a manacle 

KopOus, vos, fi : a heap. Hence a 
wave is said Kopdveadat, to rise in the 
form of a heap. — Fr. Kop, That which 
rises lo a head or which is filled to 
the top, L.*^ 

Ko/Dcor, KoplaV'Oy and -voy : the 
coriander plant 

K6pis,^^ ews : a bug. — Aristophanes 
jocosely calls bugs ol Kopiydioi ; as 
the Corinthians at the time, says the 
Schol., were ravaging Attica : 'Efcrov 
aKifiTrobos /ioLKyovai fi i^'ipTroyres oi 

13 A pavement battered with clubs. As 
' pavimentum ' is fr. * pavio,' waUt, 

14 Girl, brush the knocker or the ring of 
the door. 

15 Dm. compares nSpvs, v$os. 

16 Fr. Khp ', from its feeding on the sur- 
face of the skin, L« Some fr. Kiicopat. pm. of 

17 The Corinthians creeping out from the 
pallet-bed bite me, 





t Kopu : the herb St. John's wort 

icopicopos: chick-weed. A plant so 
vile that KdpKopos iv Xaxdvois, chick- 
weed among potherbs, became pro- 

KopKopvyii: rumbling of (he bowels ; 
any rumbhng or murmur. — ^The same 
as Pop0opvyfi, See (iopfiopvSta 

Kop^6s : the trunk of a tree. — Fr. 
KiKopu pm. of Kelpta, or fr. xiKopfjiQi 
for KiKapfjtai pp. That which is lop- 

KopO'vXAffrat, Kopo'7r\&doi : puppet- 
makers. — Fr. Kopri or i:6poy, a doll, 
and viirXaaTai pp. and enXaOfiv a. 1 . 
p. of vXacroia or irXau 

Kopot : satiety. — Fr. Kopiia 

Kopost Kovpos : a young shoot ; me- 
taphorically, a boy or young man ; a 
boy or son ; a boy or attendant. — 
Fr. Kop, That which grows from the 
surface, L. See Kop'6XKiov, Kovpoi 
'A)(aiai)r, Kovpoi 'Boimt&v, Kovpoi ' AOi;- 
valiity, &c., Horn. 

* Koposi a Hebrew measure. — 2v 
he vdffoy d^e/Xecs ; 'O bk elver, *E»:a- 
rov Kopovs fflrov,^^ NT. 

K6p(rri, Koppnx the hair. — Fr. ic^/co- 
pa pm. of icelpii}, as ' caesaries' fr. 
* caesus.' Or fr. KeKopaai for jc^icap- 
aai pp. ' 

xipffri, xd^pn : ' not the temples but 
the hairy scalp,* Bl. — See above, and 
the passage quoted on &\b)ir7il, a dis- 
ease of the hair 

KopvfiavTiatif, and -c'^oi : I am fran- 
tic like a priest of Cybele. — ' Nou 
acuta Si geminant Coryhanies sera,' 

Kopvhhs^ KopvhaXos, KopvbaXXh : a 
lark. — From its having a tuft on its 
head resembling a helmet's crest or 
K6pvs, Fac. * Apex parvae avi, quae 
ab illo galerita appellata quondam, 
postea Gallico vocabulo etiani legioni 
nomen dederat alaudac,' Pliny 

KdpvSa : thick moisture dropping 
from the head into the nose, thick 
mucus of the nose. Stupidity. ' Ko- 
pvSa was thought a mark of stupidi- 
ty. Hence Hoface*s expression * £- 
munctas naris.' So pXewos is, fool- 

18 And liow much owe you ? And he said, 
A hundred measures of com. 

19 He will make you cease to be stupid, 
bjr rubbing off this quantity of mucus from 

jour nose. 

ish. * Stulti, stolidly fatui, fungi, 
bardi, BLENNi,'Plaut.,' R. — Fr.x^, 
L. YlaT^ffei ae fiufpaivovra, Tr[y mWiiv 
ravrriv KopvSav dTro-fvaas,*' Lucian 

Kopvfijioi : the head or top of any 
thing ; the head or prominent part 
of plants. Also, a ounch of ivy- 
berries : ' Diffusos hedeWl vestit pal- 
lente cori/mbos,' Virg. — For xopvPos 
fr. Kop, L. 

Kopvvfi: a club. — Fr. Kop, From 
its having heads or knobs, L. Kopvrif 
piiywtTKe ^dXayyaf,*® Hom. 

Kopvs, v6of , /; : a helmet. — Fr. mSp. 
That which covers the head, L. Ko- 
pvd-ai6Xos''Et:Tutp^* Hom. H. corusco 

Kopiierabt : I arm with a helmet ; 
and generally, I arm. Fr. Kopvs. It 
is used also for, I elevate or heap on 
high, either metaphorically fr. rdpvF, 
or immediately fr. Kvp, the head 

Kopvcrata: said of goats striking 
with their horns. — Fr. Kop allied to 
K^p, wh. icipas, and to icvp, wh. kv 

Kopv<l>^: head, top, or chief ; chief 
or principal point of an argument. — 
Fr. Kop* ' Owen, that noted cory- 
ph'tus of the Independent party,* 

f Kop&vetoi : a kind of fig-tree 

Kop^vri : coRNix, a crow. The 
bend of a ship*s stern, from its re- 
semblance to the beak of a crow. — 
' Fr. KiKopa pm. of Kipu, I curve, wh. 
Kipas. From its curved beak,' TH. 

Kopbjvfj : a door-knocker, or a ring 
by which a door is drawn to. B^ b* 
"iftey kg OaXafioto, difpvjv b^ ev'ipvae 
Kopufvn 'Apyvpiri,^ Hom. See xSpa^. 
This 18 probably the meaning of the 
word in this passage too of Homer: 
*Apyijp€ov bk virep-Ovpiov, 'Xpvff^fi bk 
Kopufvri, Some translate it here a 
lintel ; but this appears too much to 
resemble vwep-Ovpiov. Or perhaps it 
may mean, a cornice, * Corona, the 
highest projection of a wall or co- 
lumn ; the coping or cornice, called 
by Hes. Kopuvis. * Augusta muri co- 
rona erat,* Curt.,' Fac. 

Kop(by7j: detined by TH., * circulus 

20 He hroke the phalanxes with a club. 

1 The heMet-waving Hector. 

2 More nearly fr. K€K6pv^ p. of Kopinrw. 

3 And she went to go from the chamber, 
and dw^ live door with the silver ring. 




ille inferior teli, qui aptari solebat ad 
nerYum, ne sc. aberraret/ Kal ra 
fi€v ilpape riicnav' Hay 8* ev keiiivas 
jfpvaiiiv hr-iOflKe KopwyfiVp Uoiu. And 
these parts (of the bow) the workmao 
made ready ; and, having well planed 
the whole, he put on a golden ko- 
pityfl. ' And, because this was done 
last, hence Kopityri was used to ex- 
press the ending of any thing : kiri- 
'deiyat t^ wayri Koputyjiy,* Dm. But 
Hes. refers this expression to the 
cornice of a buildinf;. See above 

Kopiayls: the epithet of a ship, 
from its bent or curved prow, TU. 
See the first Koputyrf. It is applied also 
to oxen, from their curved horns 

Koptoytd^ : said of a horse proudly 
rearing its ARCHED neck, TH. Me- 
taphorically, I am proud. Said also 
of any thing bending. — Fr. Kopuris 

'^ Kop^yov : Xcfjoas, wfiO'Tckaras, ]3pa« 
yloyaSf Kopwva^ Kapwovs, Lucian* It 
is translated the apo-physis or grow- 
ing out of a bone, and appears by 
the context to be used in relation to 
the arm. Videant medici 

'Kotri and 'Kovuh, See eiicotn 

icdaKiypy I a sieve. — Tous &,y'0(riovs 
KOI a~bii:ovs ky fbov KotTKly^ Hbwp 
ayayKoSovffi tjiipety,^ Plato. Kovki- 
vu-fjiayris,^ Theocr. 

KoaKvXfAaria, lay : minute parings. 
— For cKoaKvKfAdria by redupl. for 
mcvXfidTia fr. eaKvXfxat pp. oftTKvXXb), 
I lacerate. Quisquiliie has been de- 
duced fr. KoaKvXiai 

Kotrftoi : order, arrangement ; the 
universe, as being well arranged ; 
the world. — H. cosmo-graphy^ cos- 
mO'poUte,^ * You see this in the map 
of my micrO'Coam,"' Shaksp. 

Kocfios: ornament, embellishment. 
TvyaiKelos Koafios, MUNDUS mulie- 
bris, a woman*8 fineries. — * Fr. Ki- 
KOfffiai pp. of Kdw, wh. Lat. como, 
comtuSj &c.,' L. ' First, rob*d in 
white the nymph intent adores With 
head uncovered the cosmetic powers,' 

-f- K6(Tavi^os\ a black-bird, icot//c- 

4 Tn hell they force the unholy and un- 
jiut to carry water in a sieve. 
6 A diviner W a sieve. 

6 A citixenof the world. noXiriy;, a citi- 

7 A small world. Muepbs, Bmnlh 

'KooTos : See eUotri 

Koav^os : a clasp, buckle. Some 
translate it, fringe. Xir&va Koavfi" 
fiwoy, LXX. 

Kdriyos : a wild olive-tree. It was 
one of the prizes of the four public 
games : ^AOXa bk rQy Kdriyos, /iijjXa, 
aiXiya, virvs, Epigr., Their prizes 
were wild olive, apples, parsley, 

Kotos : the inherent property of 
the mind, temper. Resentment, ma- 
lice, lying deeply rooted in the mind. 
— Fr. KeKOToi pp. of if($w=«:^a>, wh. 
Kci/iai, Kac Kepafitis Kepafiei Koriei 
ical doibos aoibf,^ Hesiod 

KoTTofios : a Sicilian game. * A 
piece of wood being erected, another 
was placed on the top of it, with 
two dishes suspended from eajch ex- 
tremity like scales. Beneath each 
dish was a vessel full of water, in 
which stood a statue. The players 
stood at some distance holding a 
cupful of water or wine, which. they 
endeavoured to throw into one of 
the dishes, that the dish by that 
weight might be knocked against 
the head of the statue under it. Tlie 
person, who threw so as to spill the 
least water, and to knock the dish 
with the greatest force, was the con- 
queror,' Rob. Sturze supposes k6t' 
Toftos to mean primarily, a sound 
or noise, and explains the game thus : 
' Wine was thrown up from a cup 
and caught again, or from a cup into 
a vial at a distance. He, who spilt 
least of the wine and made most 
sound, was the conqueror.' — Fr. 
KOTTto^KdiTTa, L. From the dash- 
ing of the water 

KOTvXri:^ any thing hollow; a cup; 
a measure. — ^Etblbotray eicdtTT^ KorvXtp^ 
vbaros KoX bvo KOTTuXas airov,^^ Time. 

KOTvXrj, KorvXfibiiy : the cavity in a 
bone in which the head of another 
bone turns or in which auother bone 
is inserted. — T^ fidXey Alyeiao Kar'la- 
\ioy, eyOa re fiijpoi 'IffX'V ky'drpet^eraif 
KorvXrjy bi re fiiy KaXiovtri,^'^ Horn. 
See above 

8 And potter is malicious to potter, and 
songster to songster. 

9 Fr. KiKOTCu pp. of KSoiy wh. koXKos, L. 

10 They gave each a cot^l oC v<^\ftT «xA 
two cotyls of coin, 

11 With thi% be altuc^ Sjofc^ «ii \>aR.\i\v 


KoTtiTTi,: Cofytto, ihe goJiTess of 
impudence and debHitchery, men- 
lionEd bv Juvenal 2, fl2. Her riles 
were called Kotvttio. : ' Ut lu Hseris 
Cotffttia Vulgata, sacrum liberi cu- 
pidinis,' Hor. 

KcuXeoi' : See noXeus 

Kavp&Kia : a word occiirring in Lu- 
cian, supposed by llie commerilators 
to be corrupt, and emended by tlicin 

KoupEut : a barbcr.^ — -For Kopevs fr, 
xiimpa pm. of Kcipii), I sbave 

Kitvptf : See Kopi) 

KoiipTp-es; priests of Cyh el e, iden- 
tified by some wilb the Corjbantes. 
' Hoc Curetes liabent, hoc Coryban- 

8 KPA 

it would rniher mean a piiloW-^ 
■ Tripes grabatiis el bipes men; 




Ktiipas'. See Kc/wE 
KovaTBiiia : tlie Latin custodia 
* Kovtpt: a l(ind of incense 
leovipos :" light ; nimble ; unstable ; 

easy. — Koifpu iroc x^''"' ^r-nnufle x^- 
(Toi," Eurip. Kov^tJi liipeiy jjP7 Oy>i- 
Toy ovTit w/KJiOpas','* III, 

Koiptyos: copkinus, a basket. ^ — 
Comp. coffin and coffer 

K6jf\o^: much the same as kci^- 

Kox^lnt : cochlea, a snail 

Ko'xAdii" a cockle, muscle, shell- 
fish producing purple 

xoyuw, Koj(iriaKtii : I pour down, — 
By redupl. for j(tiia 

no^&yi): the joining of the bauncli 
with llie buttocks, coxendix. — 'Oivyii 
()(ti r^v r^iiptiy yaarfpa icai ra OKi- 
\ea Ko! Tas Koyiiyat,''' Hippocr, 

Kdipi^^oi"' or uj(oi : a blackbird. — 
Ki-^Hv Ka\ KO'i/tx-^v, Arisloph., Of 
thrushes and blackbirds 

Kpa : for Kapa, tlic head 

Kpri/Soi-ot, ipd/3/3orDs: a vile couch, 
hammock. — Fr. xpa for capo, and 
(H^arat pp. of /3niu, I rest on. Thai 
on which the head rests, L. Bui thus 

Kpd£ur, cfli, a. 3. eKpayov ; and Ket-pa- 
yu, Ib) : a word formed like rpiiSu, 
crocilo, tiiiii croak, from t)ie sound; 
and dcnoiini;, I cry out with a liarsh 
noise; vociferole; cry out for any 
thing clamorously. Kpnyor veiiprife- 
rai, Aristoph., He will bawl out a 

Kpay^rTjt; noisy. — Fr. lt:payoy a.2. 

t Kpa&ii: a fig-leaf and a leaf ge- 

KpaSi'd : the same as Knpbla 

KpnSdu, airw I I make lo »)u!*er, 
I shake. — Derived by some fr. tyidSij, 
from tljeijuiveriiigofalenf; by others 
fr. icpaJ/a, from ihe palpitations of 
. the heart 

Kpairbi : I am at the head, govern. 
— Fr. Kpa, or for Kopaivvi fr. xapa, 
wh. Kiparos, a chief 

Kpaivio, new ; cpnin/i-u : I bring 
to a head, fulfil, perfect. — See above 

upai-itfikj] I a swimmiDg or rolling 
of the head after excess. — Fr. Kpii 
and iTra\oy a. 2. of iraXXu, I make to 
palpitate. ■ Yet, when he wakes, rhe 
awine shall find A aapula remains 
behind,' Cotton 

»:pni5r^Ds:" rapid. — Kpnnrra un\' 
eyBa m\ Ma Sii,<:ciy,'^ Hom. 

KpaTpa: the head, top, For ta- 
paipa fr. Knpnt or Kip. Also a born, 
tor Kipaipa fr. tipas or nip 

KpntTijC a bawler. — Fr. KexpaKrai 
pp. ofupaSa 

* KpafjIiaXiot : Toil he\ifniKos to uiy 
H}uav Kpafi^aXiov ^v etti-^ueWi tckoi- 
ij/iEi-Cv, TO a rt -^fivTV ej 6haT0S ii/j!)- 
fiiiov rawpwi,'" Allien, That i,po;i- 
fiaMov, says St., is here, roasted, is 
clear from what the cook says after- 
wards, when he begs to know ttui 6 

bODC, V 

era the Ihinli tut 

s it> the hip-b 

they cal 

it «„,!*,. " 

12 F 

r Kiipot, hollow, 

(»h. Ki^iyO!) 

hence ti 

uiflfBmil to UEht 

«9, L. 

13 Mnj the *Bitl, full 

njou light. 

14 It 

Iwhovcs & niurlal 


15 Fr 

MJ», wh. »r\0! 

L. Ifso, fo 


. K^mica. 

fiom Ihe ni 

16 Faia takes po»easion of Ihe lower belly and doae with 

■ad the lcg> iiid the xox^yv- boiled with water t 

17 Fr. K6\lm Sat, of HSimi, L. I'erliaps nway inllie mouLh. 

and might posaiblj have come fr. K(Jo-™=(B*rr» 
aiid KOitroi. See Kjtrrafioj- 

18 Fr. Kpit and Iir*, fiom presiing the 
itiei iiirface, L. So lir' ijipa. peBniau ii said uf 

ii- 19 To pursue here and Iherevetj rapidly. 

20 One half of Ihe li tile pig was roasled, 


KPA 149 

icara B&repa ' 

KpAfififl : cabbage, colewort. The 
ancients tbouglit, it appears, that 
this plant, when boiled two or three 
times, produced a nausea almost 
worse than death. Whence the pro- 
verb AU Kpafi0ri davQTOf:, ' Occidit 
miseros cramhe repetita magis- 
tros,' Juv. 

Kpafilivs : 'Atto KpajifioTarov orofia- 
Tos fjttiTTwv atrreioraTas eiri'volas, A- 
ristoph. Translated by Br., kneading 
w'th a very delicate month the most 
polite ideas 

Kpai'abs: rough. — Fr. Kpdvov fr. 
Kpa. Having many heads or emi- 
nences. Hence Homer calls Athens 
so: Kpayaa7s iv *AQfivais, For it 
was very hilly. Dm. Hence some 
derive G*ffna««, king of Athens 

t Kpaveia : the cornel-tree 

ILpaviovi a scull. — For Kapaviov 
fr. Kapavov fr. irapa, as Kuprjvoy fr. 
K&pri. Hence cranio-Iogj/. Fr. fjfH' 
^Kpayla* is French migi'ttin, Engl. 
mignm and megrim 

K.pdvioy, Kpayeiov : 'E*' r^ Kpa- 
V€(^ rf vpo rfjs KopirBov yvfxvatrl^, 
Diogen., In the Craneum, the gym- 
nasium which faces Corinth 

Kpayos, €os : a helmet. — I. e. a 
covering for the head. See xpaviov, 
and comp. K6pvs 

Kpas, aTos, 6, ro : the head ; head, 
person, as ' each headi^ — For Kapas fr. 
ndpa or Kap 

Kpaffvebov: extremity or border 
of a garment. ' Tlie head of a gar- 
ment which IS towards the ground. 
Fr. icpas, icehoVf J. TJopfvplha ix^' 
ca¥ 'xpvffd Kpdtnreba,^ At hen. Also, 
the extremity of a land or moun- 

Kparrjp, ilpos, o : a goblet. — See 

Kp&Tos,*eos: power, might, strength; 
dominion ; superiority, victory. — 
Hence auto-crat, demo-crat, demo- 
'Cracy^ &c. 


Kfoaracdtt : I strengthen.-— Pr. Kpd" 

Kparevr^s : 'ArOpaKiiir trropiaaf, 
o/ieXovs e^-i/Tre/aOe TCLvv<r<re* Uoffae b* 
&\6s Oeloto KpaTevratav eir^aeipas, ' 
Horn. Raising (the spits) on sup* 
porters, is the translation of Damm. 
But it is a dubious passage. — Fr. 
Kparevut (I hold firmly) fr. Kpirw 

Kparita *. I have power or might, 
have power over by dominion, con- 
quest, <fec. — Fr. Kpdros 

KpcLTtaros : strongest, having most 
power or effect, most surpassing, 
most excellent. — -Fr. icpaTOs 

Kpdros : See before Kparat6ta 

Kfiavyi) : vociferation. — Forxpayij 
fr. iicpayoy a. 2. of KpaSut 

KpQvpos: ' dry, crusty, like a bortr, 
fr. Kipas, Kpas,* J. ' Having many 
heads or eminences, and hence rough, 
and hard ; fr. Kph,^ L. Toi; bioT^ros 
Kpavporepov Kat d^tcafiVTOTepov,^ Plato 

Kpias, aros, aos, a>s : flesh. — "EoBoy- 
res icpia TroWa jio&v,^ Hom. Hence 
the pan-creas, (alUflesli) the sweet- 

Kpeioy : a table on which meat is 
placed to be cut up. — For tcpiov fr. 

Kpelffffiiiy: surpassing, more excel- 
lent. — Fr. Kparos, See ioaov 

Kpeiwy, Kpk^y : reifrning. — -Fr. icpi^ 
=i:pd(o wh. Kpaiyuf, Kpeiwv 'Aya/i^/i- 
v<oy, Hom. Hence Creon the khig, 
and Creiisa {Kpeiovaa) the queen 

KpiKta, ((tf : ' I make a sharp or harsh 
sound, I rattle. Hence creak, I play 
the flute with a shrill tone, scrape,' 
J. ' It seems properly to be said of 
the sound uttered in pronouncing Kp 
and thence to be transferred to the 
sound made in striking a lyre,' L. 
Hence perhaps is Lat. crepo (as ' lu- 
pus ' fr. XvKos,) which is used in an 
active sense in Statins : * JEn ere- 
panty They strike the brazen instru- 
ments * 

Kf)6{, cjcos, 4 : a bird called from 
its creaking noise, fr. Kpkic^ 

1 How the pig was half rop.sted and half 6 Having strewed the ciDders, be extended 
boiled. the spits over them, and sprinkled the divine 

2 Where only one half of the head is af- salt, &c. 

fected. 6 More rough and inflexible than is pro- 

8 A purple garment having golden bor- per. 

dersrf ■ 7 Eating much flesh of oxen. Kp^abbrc- 

4 Fr. KtKpareu pp. of KpdM:^Kapd« fr. xhpt viated for Kp4ara. 



Kpefi&ai* -dyyvfii, Kpliiirrifii; 1 slis- Kpiitii, ibos : a foundation, mHR 

pend. — XiTui'ii IlaooaAy &y-Kpcfid- — ' Tcneat quamvis xteroa crepido, 

aaira," Horn. Quie su))er iiigesli portaret culmiDa 

tpe/iABpa: a basket or cupboard moDtis,' Slat. 

HUNG UP to keep provisions in, — Kpiji : Set apiat 

Fr. £Kpe^u9qv a. 1 , p. of xpcfiaui Kpijo^pn ; a sieve. — 'Apliei vittp 

Kpifj^iaXov : an inslrunicnl wliich Kpi/alp^, u avev ^i{i\ov fiaMtvui;^^ 

makes a noise, when shaken by the " 

hand, a tambouriDc, cymbal, Kvft^a- 
Xov, — For xpipakai; [as rdiiirayoy for 
rvirarov,] L. Perhnps from liie sound 
Kp, like irpEKu, Lai. crepo, wh. et-epi- 

Kpefij3a\iaori't : rTdiTtuf S' &ydpbi- 
TTbiy ful'at Kal Kpi/jftaXiairivr Mi- 
fiilaff ~iaaaiy, Honi. Tliey translate 
it unintelligibly, ' sirepiltis.' No La- 
tin word represents it ; ' niodulalio' 
is llie nearest, CI. 

Kpi^y. SeeKpflftiv 

Kpgyuos : supposed to be put fur 
KpiiOvoi fur Krip'libuos,'° sweet In tlic 
heart: Miitrt xaKoiy, oimui voii /^ot 
TO Kpityyoy Utras," Horn, It is trans- 
lated ■ true ' in Tbeocr. : Tloi^ivet, 
eiirare fioi to npiiyvof cii KaXus i/i- 
fii ; "" Kpiiyvot btbaaxaXoi in Plato is 
translated by Dm., Masttirs good or 
fit to teach 

Kp^-ie/irov : a head-band ; tliat 
with which the top of any thing is 
bound. — For Kapfi-beiirov fr. nirpa 
and iihefiai pp. of biu 

+ Kpijfl^ot : an oyster 

xpiifxyij/ii : See Kpcfiiua 

Kpijfiyoi: a rock or precipice. — Fr. 
i;pi]fu'&iii^s ape flaw. That which is 
suspended. J. under&lands it of a 
rock overhungiugils base. Virgil has 
' suxis susPENSAM rnpcm,' and 
Claudian ' pendula rupea.' ' Sco- 
pulia PENDENTiBtJS aulriini,' Virg. 

Kpiivij:'^ a fountain. — Uence Hip- 
po-crene'* in Bteotia, the horses'- 

Kpqrlc, Ibos, ri : a thick military 
shoe; a soldier.— ' Ne sutor ultra 
erepidam,' Prov. 

[. Kixptiiai pp. of Kpia^updiii, fr. Kpi- 

D L. derives il fr. Kpij and yiie=^ia, 

1 Propliet of evils. _ 
lold me wlial is plensanl. 

la Shepherds, lell me the UuOi. 
not fur ; 

13 Fi. .tafht 

Kpi/9-^uyerov : a place to dy to, 
refuge. — Fr. Kpi/s and li^uyav u. 2, of 
t^iy<a,fugio. From tbe places to 
which the pirates fled from Minus 
tlie Cretan 

KpiirlSai iipii KpifTuc : 1 pmctise 
their arts on ilie Cretans, deceive 

Kpqrieov : a Cretan g-.)rifleut 

tpl : See i.'|iiOij 

f^pi-0ayos : See K\i-(invoi 

Kpffu, £u, and xpUui : I creab, 

KpiOii and Kp'i : barley. — ^ipgai hi 
yala fiiXaiya Vliifmus Kui xpiBits, Hooi. 

KpiBiaffit : a disease in liorses, 
translated by some a loai Ling of bar- 
ley ; and by others, an iiuli^eslion 
arising from eating barley too aoou 
after severe exertion, — Fr. cpi6q 

KpUot : the same as xipitoi 

Kplfia, aroi: judgment; puniili- 
menl; litigation; iucusalion. — Fr. 
Kitpifioi pp. of Kpiyui, H. crimen 

Kplfii-ov : barley ; barley-meal. — 
Comp, Kpi in epSq 

Kphov: a lily. — Kora-fjri0Ere ™ 
Kpiya Tov aypiiv, wwt nti&'u'ei, NT., 

Consider the lilies of tbe field, how 

Kpiibi:"' 'lis primary meaning is, 
I sift, cerito, which is allied to Kpiya, 
Hence Kpiviii is, 1 separate ihe bad 
from tbe good ; and hence is trans- 
ferred to tbe act of judging. Kpiru 
is hence referred to dreams and ora- 
cles, in the sense of explaining and 
interpreting,' TH. I silt, separate, 
select. Sift evidence, decide, deler- 
mitie, judge which is preferable; 
pass judgment on, condemn, pu- 

ruT aquiD ' for, a fountain, J. 

14 It first rose from llie ground, il wu fa- 
en struck by llie fool of (tie hone 

Hence Huiace fbjs '•fl^ 




nish; adjudge. Kphu, says Orm- 
s^OD, passed from the sifting of wheat 
to the discernment of the philoso- 
l^her and the decision of the judge. 
KplvofAat, I contend with another, so 
as to come to a decision with him on 
any subject : * Inter se coisse viros 
et cemere ferro/ Virg. — Fr. pp. xd- 
Kptrai are critic, criticize, criterion ; 
and fr. KiKpitrai crisis 

Kptos :'^ a ram ; a battering-ram ; 
the sign of the Zodiac. — £u r^v Ov- 
pay Kptrjbov i/jL"tre<r6yT€s, Aristoph., 
Falling like a ram on the door, bat- 
tering the door 

• KpierKpavov : The exact meaning 
seems unknown, ^yeiv 'Atrrviyav 
&ir6 vpotrwfTOv Kvpov kv ^EK/^aravots 
rat icpv<l>dfivai kv rols KpitrKpavms ruv 
fiatriXeitoy oiKtjfjiaTtov, Ctesias 

Kpttrvos: the same as Ktpa<r6s and 

Kpoaivia : the same as icpota and 


KpSKTj, KpoKoXri : a pebble on the 
shore ; sand. — Fr. KinpoKa pm. of 
KpiKUf, From the rattling of the peb- 
bles when swept by the waves, J. 
KpdKatffty iy Trap-aicrlots, Lycophr. 

KpoKti, upoKis: the cross thread in 
the warp of a weaver*s loom ; thread. 
— Fr. KitpoKa pm. of KpiKta. From 
the rattling of the shuttle, J. ^ocvt- 
Kd-KpoKoy iu)yay. Find., A purple- 
threaded zone 

KpoKSietKos : a crocodile 

Kp6Kos: crocus, saffron 

Kpofivoy, Kpdfifivoyi an onion. — 
' For KOpo'pvoy, fr. K6pri and fivut, as 
that whose acrid smell makes us 
SHUT our EYES,' St. T/ bfjTa ifXa/- 
€is ; Kpofijiiftay otrippatvoixai,^^ Ari- 

Kp6voi : Saturn ; a morose satur- 
nine man; an antiquated doating 
fool. — Anciently the same as '^6vos. 
Saturn was the God of time, L. "EX- 
Xfii'cs Kpovov ^LSXriyopovai rov \p6yov, 

Kpdotrai : the coping or pinnacle of 
a wall. For Kopvaai^^Kopaai fr. Koptnf-, 
the hair. Comp. dpi^ and BpiyKos. 

Kpoffiras fjkv irvpyiav fyvoy, rai fyeiwov 
€7raX{ea,'5> Hom. 

Kpoerool : fringe, borders, termina- 
ting and overhanging the gown as 
the Kpotraal do a wall 

Kpoi/of, Kpota :*° I strike, beat, 
knock. — Fr. KkKpovtrrai pp. of Kpovt» 
is the robber Pro-crustes, Fr. Kivpo- 
rat pp. of Kpout is crotalum, a kettle- 
drum : ' Neque collegae tui cymbala 
et crotala fugi,' Cic. ' Nilotes ttbi- 
cen erat, crotalistria Philis,* Pro- 

Kp6Ta\ov : a kettle-drum. A man 
of empty sound, rattler, prattler. — 
See above 

Kp6Tos : a beating, knocking, stri- 
king, as of the hands, oars, brazen 
instruments, &c. — Fr. Kiicporai pp. of 
irpofti. Hence hl-Kporos, applied to 
vessels of two ranks of oars. ' Ca- 
pit ex eo prselio triremes duas, di- 
'Crotas octo,* Hirtius 

KpSrafos : the temples. — Appa- 
rently fr. KpoTos, from the beating in 
that part of the head, L. For Kupra- 
0OS fr. Kop=Kap, Bl. 

* Kp^rm; tovos : the tick or tike, 
an animal which infests dogs 

Kpovvosi a fountain bubbling up, 
k'pi]yfi, or a torrent dashing down. — 
Fr.Kpoiiut, *fls b* ore yelfxa'/ipot icorafiol, 
Kar* opetrt^i ^iovres Kpovy&y Ik /leyd- 
Xwy,' Hom. 

Kpovu : See before KpSrakoy 

Kpovto or Kpovofxai vpiifivay: * tlpv- 
fxvay Kpo^effOai in Thucydides ap- 
pears elliptical. The Schol. notes, 
lirt vpvfivay. * To back water ' is the 
evident meaning of the phrase; by 
which is meant, not to turn the ves- 
sel round, but to repel instead' of 
propelling it. Will the ellipsis be 
ill supplied thus : rp. B&kairiyay M 
irp,: to beat the sea with oars to- 
wards the poop ; or, to row towards 
the poop instead of rowing towards 
the prow?* Classical Journal, No. 
59, p. 80 

Kpvos, 60S : stiffness from cold, 
shivering; ice; that which makes 
the limbs cold or curdles the blood ; 

17 Perhaps for Kcpihs fr. jc^pos. See ko- 

18 Why do joa cry ? I scent onrons. 

19 They drew down the coping of the 
towers, and demolished the hattlements. 

20 Perhaps for Kepoim fr. tempos. Comp. 

1 As when wintij riven, rushing down 
from the mountains from great foontainSf &c« 

barror. — Fr. iptu, from wliose pp. 
c^Kputrrat is tpuaTatvofiai, applied lo 
ice, Aati KpiiaraXXos, ice and crystal. 
' Fr. llie iSolic form Kpvap is Lai. 
cruer, congealed blood,' S. 

Kpiirru,' ypui: I liide, conceal.— 
H. crifpta, a siiblerraneous place: 
' Mediffi crt/ptam penetrare Sabur- 
rie,' Juv, And crypt, a Term in ar- 
chiteclure. Fr. pp. liii^pufa in tlie 
ApO'Cri/pha ' 

Kpuliv\os; a tuft or knot of bair 
risiag in the form of a cone. — Xpu- 
ffi*" TtTriywv iv-ipaei t-pu^vKov 6lvo- 
-hoipeyoi tSv in rp K«^aXp rptxiif' 

Thucyd. ' Aul crohylos Barbaro- 

> ajl t 

cadas Allie 


s Gt^rmanoruin,' Tcrtidl. 

YipiiSai, p. eii:piaxa : cracio, crocito, 

I croak orclialter as a raven or crow 

Kpiaaaui', a pitclier, CRUSE, — 


• Krdpos, Lycopbr. : Mercnry 

CTau, Krijfu, ktcIviii,^ KTU'riuit 1 

slay, kill.—' Fr. rdi- and Tcir-, I ex- 
tend. I.e. I eslend on tlie ground, 
lay prostrate. Homer says of one kill- 
ed, KeTro TtiBeis, He lay prostrate,' 
S. "Etrercoi', enTeiVoiro, Eiirip., TIjey 
were slaying, they were slain 

KTao/ini, irio/iai: I acijuire, have 
B9 my properly, possess ; possess by 
price, pnrcliase. — '1 secure to my- 
self llie goods of a person slain,' 
J, See above. From pp. xiKTiifiai is 
Krii/ia, a possession. Kri/fiaat rep- 
weaOai a yipav tKT 1)7070 IIijXeui,' 

Kriaym; and eriap, ams : n posses- 
sion. — Fr. Kreiii wh. ttTinfim. See 

Kreii," gen. rretoi 1 peclen, pccli- 
nis, ii coiub.— Ka! aiva KOafio-Ko- 
pr,y,^ Epigr. 

uripta, biv : funeral honors. — ' Fr. 
tTeu, wll. KTio/iai^itrraoftni. Fro- 

; KTH 

perly, tbe possessions of tlie 
dead. In tlieir funeral rites tbe an- 
cienis used to put on the pile what- 
ever hnd been must esteemed by tbe 
deceased," TH. £17^ re 01 ■)(tutiiii, 
Kal Itt) ari/ica KrepttSla,' Hom. 

KTijfta, aroi : See i.7«o^ai 

Knivat, tos: applied to caltle unit 
beasts of burden. — For xHuyoi fr. 
iT^ui, wll. »reo/iai. Tbe possessions 
of the ancients consisted for tlie niosl 
part of sheep and oxen 

cr/£eoi : See fvri'i 

KWu, ktISii: I found, inslilule; 
create, make ; found a L'olony, make 
lo inbabil ; make to be or pluec in a 
particular situation; as, I made 01 
caused (Icrtira) tbem lo be bereft, 
like fltw or Tidi)/"-—' The name of 
the Amphi-ctyons " was not de- 
rived from Amphiclyon, tbe son of 
Deucalion, but from aii^t-KTuair or 
a^tt^t-KUuit; duelling around,' Mor. 
'A^^ieruocEt' afi^i-icrlovet, Tim. 

utIKos:'^ a ram. — Aaoi Siroyff, 
iiafi Tt fiera iLTlXof linreru fi^Xa, HoDt. 
Tbe people followed, as if sheep 
were following after tbe ram 

triXos: Tui- i^ikaa' 'AxoWnJi' Itpia 
ti-i\ov 'Afpoihas, Pind. Here kH^bv 
is understood by Heyue as, debgbl, 
darling. By others as, lame, bland. 
The ram, says Porlns, goes before 
the flock, and soothes it with its 
blandishments. See above 

i.'ri\oii^ai : 'Ej^riXiinavrii rat Aotirai 
riar 'A/iaSovuiy, Herod., They ren- 
dered Ihe real of tbe Amazons tame 
and yielding so thai they induced 
them to become their wives. See 

KTuvos : a Inud noise, properly 
from battering or striking, — For ri- 
xoifr. Iri^TTo^ a. a. of rixru 

KiaSos:'' acup. * Miscenlurjja- 
thii pocula commoctis,' Hor. Also, 
a cup applied to the skin to draw 

ding Ihe hair, L. 

•ppiytXXarft. ' flngellum.' 

a And a comb setting tlic liaif In order. 

B Writings uoncealed ; Bucli as niigliC not 

10 I willhpiipapilefurhim,indin(irGa»r 

be read pobliclT ur ditulged. 

pnfimn liineial lionois. 

4 Binding Ihe tuft of the hair by an b- 

11 Deputies from tlie cities of Greece, 

"ho mol in temples wliich were cummon to 

5 He licld to the water a very capa.ious 

all, Mor. 


la Fr. t(a)u». a. So ' peous ' mny be de- 

6Soyi„,7.U; t<U, TfW 

.ived fr. irt'™ or ^{it«. ' I lino" not «lielh« 

T To be dc1igtit«d with the passesnons 

it is fr. ntu, 1 go (before), a> many suppose.' 

which liie old f elsua powewud. 


13 Fr. tliti, L. From x>^i 




blood, a cupping-glas^ 

tcvetftosi a k>ean;. ballot bj a bean. 
— ^Hence fiovXrj AwoKv^fiov, the coun- 
cil elected by the bean, the senate of 
500 at Athens elected by lots, in 
drawing which beans were used 

Kvofioii * testiculus et papilla KX- 
TUMBSCENS in pubescentibus/ TH. 

—A KViM} 

Kvaros : ' Between the color, says 
Pausaoias, of black and cyanean, 
like that of blue-bottle flies. The 
cyanean color then is a little lighter 
than the color of these flies. And 
hence lakivos (the blue-bell) is so call- 
ed from its color/ Bl. Homer uses 
Kvavos of a metal and calls it black : 
A^jca fiiXavos Kvdvoio, ^wbexa h^ ^^v- 
(roio, KQi eiKOfft Kaaairipoio '* 

Kv&eXtl, Kv0ff\fi, KvWfi : Cyhele 

KvPepvatif and 'vG : guberno, I 
pilot, govern ; properly applied to a 

Kvfiri : thehead.— Apparently call- 
ed '^ from its tapering form, and al- 
lied to Kv/jifiri, £ifmba, a boat, and 
KVfifiaXov, a cymbal 

KvfiifKtSf los, fi : a hatchet. — UiTpov 
€v X^poiv e\ti>v, *H fatryavov ireXat- 
vovy ri ravpO'KTOPOv^reppay ifu/3ijXtv,'^ 

KvPiaT&ti: I plunge head-ways, 
dive. — Fr. inJ/Siy 

Kii^s:'^ a die; a figure square 
on all sides like a die, a cube, wh« 

Kvboiityir&u : I confound, confuse. 
— 'A.PW re Kal icarw Kvboiboir^rp Ari- 

Kvboifjios :'* tumult, confusion. -^ 
Tp^WF ^ kXayyif re* icai AtFireroi ipro 
Kvboifioi,^^ Horn. 

Kvbos, €os: excellence, eniinencei 
renown, glory; boasting, as Lat. 

14 Ten of black eyanus, and twetre- of 
gold, and twenty of tin. 

15 L. refers it to fc^» I swell. 

16 Having a stone in the hands, or a black 
sword, or a firm buU-despatcbing hatchet. 

17 * Fr. Mkv$w a. 2. of K&irrw ; from its 
resembling, when thrown, persons inclining 
their head/ Damm. L. refers it to ic6a. 

18 Fu K^os fr. Kiut as 'tumultus' fr. 
« imnep/ S. 

19 And noise and unspeakable confusion 
arose on ttvB part of the Trojans. 

ISO O NiBStor, son of iNeleus, thou great 
glory of the Greeks. 

•glorior* fr. ' gloria.*— *fl Nl^rai^ 
NiyXijm^ii, iiiya Kvbo9 'AvaciS»K, ••' 
Horn. 'To gain great vvdor' is a 
common term at the public schools 

Kvbos, ov: reproach, reviling* -^•' ' 
Hence icvba^ofiai, I revile. ^H fiAXa iff 
fi€ Kaxf etcvbdaerao fivdf,' Ap.Rb.' 
This and the former word are derived ■ 
by L. fr. rvw,* I swell ; i. e* with • 
glory and with contumely 

Kvbwviov /ifjXoyi malum Cyi&^' 
ntum, a quince, the apple of Cydon 
a town of Crete ; Germ, quidden, 
wh. quiddany, a confection of quin- ' 
ces. Qtttnce appears to be a cor- 
ruption of quidden or quiddetu, or 
of the French corruption coin or 

Ki^fai, Kviti, KvtffKia: I conceive,' 
swell, am pregnant, bring forth, 
brood. — ^Hence dX-«vci>y, hal-cyon : 

* Amidst our arms as quiet you shall 
be As halcyon brooding on a 
winter sea,' Dryden. To pp. xiKv/jtai 
is referred cumulus 

Kv^tk'Tivos : a Cyzieene, a coin of 
Cyzicumt an island of the Propontis. 
' Stater Cyzicenus viginti octo drach- 
mas valebat,' Vitruv. 

Kvdpo-yavXos : a pot or laver. 

* Others pronounce it x>^P^-yavXoff,' 
Biel. As KiOiifv for x<^<^^* ^^^ X^ 
rpo$ and yavX6s 

Kwcdti 'J I mix, mix together ; con- 
found, confuse, disturb. — Coquo is- 
KVK&, and meant primarily, to mix ; ' 
hence to cook, J. 

KvKciifP, Gt^os, 6: a mixture of a^y 
th(ng.-^— Fr. KvicitatasKVKdt^ ■ v . . v 

f KVKXdfiivovi a hei^b eiaifed 40^-" 
•bread. *EyBi»y rat^ K^X&fiipSy opwnri 
vvv €£ rov * AXevra,* Theocf; '• 

K^Xot:^ ctt^ki;' orb, circumfe- 
rence; any -thing round. — H.the Cy^ 

1 Certainly you have reviled ne with a 
bitter speech. 

2 So perhaps ii^jSos fr. /fu(». 

3 Perbaps fr. K^mMca p. of K60. * K6ko% 
anciently signified, swollen. Whatever is 
xnixed swells with the addition of leaven. 
Hence K^xof is meal kneaded and swollen by 
leaven. Hence kukAm is, I inix, I mix by ' 
kneading, and was thus applied to cookery/ 

4 60 to Hales and dig up ihe Sow-bread* 
6 Fr. KiiwKa p. of «£». A tumid figuni, 




cladts,* the petiodic ci/cles of the 
Sun, &c., and en-cyclo-pedia^ 

KvkXuidi : a wriler who goes round 
and round the beaten path, wlio 
writes of nothing but anlitjualed fa- 
bles, on the biclh of the Gods, the 
rape of Helen, &c. Oi one who car- 
ries about his writings, a stroller, ciV' 
Gulalor, Fac. — Fr. iriiirXoi. ' Nee sic 
incipies ut scriptor cyclicus olini,' 

'&.vK\6-^opos : one who gels liis 
food by carrying his writings about, 
circnlator. — Fr- popa 

xiiKXvp,' uwoi : a CycUpt 
ILvKvos: cygnus, ot svran 
KuXa, uy : See kcikuXXui 
KvX/u, •.-I'XiVSu: I roll, roll ruund. 
-7-H. cylindrus in Virgil, cyUniei; 

KtfXif, Koi: calix, a cup, — Allied 
to ini\!ii. From its round form 

Kw\X^i'ioi:'Cy//fnifl proles,' Virg., 

KvXKoi : lame, — Hence and fr. 
iroui, iraSot, Vulcun IS called by Ho- 
mer KvXSo-irohlav 

KvX-oiSiQU : ra KoTXa oifuvu, Tim., 
1 have the hollow of my eyes swollen 
by a blow, by want of sleep or by 
any other cause. Theocritus uses it 
of those who strain their ejes by fix- 
ing them much on a giri, and Op- 
pian attributes to lovers o/jidakftovs 

Kvfia, aros: a fetus. — Fr. xiaijiai 
pp. of cuu>, 1 am pregnant 

l^u/ia, aros ; a swell in the sea, a 
wave.— Fr. niicvfiai pp. of kuu, I 
swell. ' Fluclu suspensa tumenti,' 
Virg. To ^ua G. refers French 
icume, wh. icum 

KiifijiaXov: tt,cymlittl, — See lu^ij 

Kvfijiaxon heatt-ways, tumbling 
on the head. — For kiiflaxoi- See i;vj3ii 
and Kujiiaraat 

Y^vii^T) : a boat, cymba. And a 
cup. — From its hoUowness and 

roundness. For c 

Kiifjios : a hollow recess. — See 
hii/Bri. H. cata-combs 

' Kv^tirbis: some bird 

Kifiii'Di-; the lietb cumin 

dog ; a. sea-dog ; the dog-star. Used 
in a reproachful way as ' the dog 
Jew' in Sliaksp. — Fr. Kvybt is Lat. 
canis; and perhaps the Cynics or 
snarling philosophers 

* Kiiviy. llie sword'fish 

Utirii} : a helmet as made of dogs' 
skin- So ' galea' as made of cats' or 
weasels' skin. — See kIiiiiv, a dog 

Kvi'iiii : I snarl. Also, I fawn or 
kiss'Mikeadog.— SeetuiLiv 

KIii-ikXos: llie Lat. cuniculut, a 

* iri'i'iKuou^iv ; ' a monster of a word, 
and a corruption for Tcpoa-oiKftovaiy,' 

Kuj'dffnpyes ; a gymnasium in the 

suburbs of Alliens. — Eit Kv- 

rooapyfs, rovro &' rariv i^ui rvXHv 
yvfivaawy 'HpaiAEous," Plul. Life of 

KuKiIo-ZSaroE : the dog-thorn. — 
See (i&TOi 

\^woa-ovp'a : the dog's tail, a star 
near the Novtlipole, by which sail- 
ors steer. — Fr. uipa, a tail. ' Bo- 
som'd high in lufted Irecs, Where 
perhaps some beauty lies. The f^- 
nosure of neighbouriitg eyes,' Millon 

Kuvovpov : a rock. - — ITpoc Kvrevpa 


Ki/y-ov-)^os : a lealliern thong to 
hold dogs. — Fr. ix>^t I hold 

' tuv-ov^m i a leathern bag,—" Eani 

ih xai, ey Orp iaovrai ai fipt-uel, «r»- 
ovypt fidir^tuis,'^ Xen. 

Kucrepos: more impudent, more 
bare-faced. — Fr. rvvin gen. of iciity. 
I.e. more like a dog. ' Canis is used 
of a slanderer, of an impudent or 
sordid man: ' Ain' vcrd, ranitV 

in fottnlag a cIqeI 

7 Circle of initniclion. Fr. iroiStla, 
lion, education. 

8 It fr. iciiAos »nd fiij, the rcasoii 
iinre. Some suppose Ihe Cyclopes a 
tien f OS chektidus, thcklcUbei; snan 
(o Ibem from (lie Fhieiiician chek, ■ bi 

fi f iTlic^ls vf Kim. £#dUBg i 


10 Others refer il in [his sense to kA,, 1 


Hercules »iIlioul ihe gRlea. 


12 Having dropped the curved teeth of tha 

piae-sliiu (i. e. tlie aachurs) lununat (Le 



13 And let lliete be a big of c«If (kk Id 



I Kvn i; 

Ter., Will yon, you dog? 'Quid 
i iiimcrenles hospiles vexas, cani*?' 
Hor. And Plaulus Bays that Hecuba 
was called dog by Ihe Greeks; be- 
cause she Leaped every ill she coold 
on every one she saw,' Fac. Jupiter 
saja to Juno in Homer: Oii aio 
KVfTipoii fiXXo, Nolhing is more bare- 
-faced than jou 

Kvirapioaos, if. cj/pressm, the cy- 
press tree 

KvTiat, riSot, 5 : a cloak or cover- 
ing. — Perhaps allied lo siivaaais 

Kviraaais, b,ir- a kind oflimic. — 
Zuviiv rs 0^05 Ktti Torhe kiiirnooiv, 

t K^Et/Mi : the licrb galangal or 
Bomelhing similar 

Ku1^e^Xol' : a cup 

Kvirptc, ihot, h- Venus, being espe- 
cially worshipped in Cyprus. Called 
by Horace ' Diva potciia CyprC 

t Kinr/ios : the herb privet, or some- 
thing like it 

Kuirr(>>,i/<u: I bend or incline my- 
telf, stoop. — Fr. a. 2. Ixvjioy Fac. 
derives cubo, I iucline myself on a 
couch. Fr. Euirruior EuTTu, saysSdiul- 
lens, are Lai. cupio aud concupisco. 
So we speak of being inclined to 
any thing, aud of inclination. 
And fr. etviloy la supposed to be de- 
rived Ko/iiTOv, cubitum, the bending 
of the arm, the elbow 

KvTTT&Siii : I loiter. — Fr. kutttu. I 
stay beut to the ground iu an idle 

KuTrruu 01 KvjTuii/ : Icause lobcnd, 
overthrow. — See kvtttoi 

Kup$alri /liiSa : 'I'iiis expression 
occurs iu the Life nf Homer, but is 
of very uncertain meaning 

Kvpfiaala : a cock's comb ; and a 
kind of crested helmet or tiara, from 
the form. — ^Ej^iuv «ri r?;* et^aX^i ti)v 
Kvp0aaiay,Tuv vpfiBtDV fjuyos, opBijv,''^ 

tvp^it, ev>i,i; a tablet or pillar on 
which laws, &c., are writlen. ' A 
geographical tablet or stone column,' 
Hoelzlin. — Vpiirrvs Trarfpuiv cAev ei- 
pvovrai Kup/3in(," Ap. Rh. 'Acn- 

14 (A cock) having on iU he&d aii elect 
comb, tbe only bird which hu it. 

Ifi They prescrro the writleo t«b 
tfaeit fathers. 

16 Euciatei Em euld ton or iCufTi 

5 KYP 

-ypa^i/avrec rout vo/iovi eif roit KVf- 
peit, Aristol. 

Kupij-(3d3(u : I impinge. — The same 
as Kepji-jiaSm, fr. Kipat and ^du. See 
laiplaaii). From rams going against 
any thing with their horns 

rvpfj^ta, uy : flour, bian, or husks. 
— Kal ail ye tvptijiin-xiiXa ESepore* 
oTvirnJ, Aristoph.'^ 

KvpoE, eoc; headship, lordship, 
authority, mastership; property or 
right over any thing.— Fr. iciip=Jcop 
and cap. Hence Church (seeeap); 
and perhaps Cyrus is allied, 'O /3a- 
oiXci/i Tav jiairiKfvoi'Tuv, kq! Kvpioi 
ray Kupiev6fTa^r,''' NT. 

Kvpias: having power, authority, 
disposal, or property over any thing; 
having authority or force, ss applied 
to laws and to appointed days of 
meeting of the senate. Also, proper, 
appropriate. 'E*- mt Kvptairarou, in 
things of supreme importance. — Fr. 

Kvpiaau : the same as nopOirau 
KvpKaraui: supposed to be put 
for HDKayaai, ail extended form of 

Kvpui (fut. Kvpaai,) and tvpiai : I 
light upon opporluuely, or by chance 
at the very nick of lijne ; I light or 
hit against ; I gain opportunely, — Fr, 
t,*u;a^^i;ap wh. xaipot 

Kiipai: is used intransitively of 
things which happen or turn out un- 
expectedly; of things happening or 
happening lo be or to take place; 
and simply of things being or exist- 

Kiipu : lam, with a participle, fiim-a 
raurijv ^vXiyeit' Aar-poiitt papfialpov- 
aay oiipayav npelv, ^sch.. This night 
wliich you say is shining (properly 
is happening to shine) with the stars 
of heaven. See above 

Ki/piu : I govern, order. — Bi'ov ti 
Kvpliaas, £scl]. See Kvpos 

Kip/ia, aros: a thing hit or lighted 
on, a booty, ^oijiiojia, Kiippa, Ari- 
stoph., applied to oneof wily schemes 
and lucky hits. — Fr. nitvpfiai pp. of 


it. Becoming ■flerwatds 
took to grinding, Br. 

17 Tbe king of thoie wlio 
lord of those who ata lori*. 

wealthf, he 



Kkp^w : I give aulhoritj to, make 
valiil. — Fr. Kvpot 

Kvpa&yios: a boy, ^oulh. — Kapv^ 
iyi'V, (S Kvpauvie, e/ioXoi- awo Xirnp- 
Ti/t," Arislopli. 

Kuproi : crooked, betit. — Perhaps 
curvus, curved is allied 

Kiiproi : a curved hook to fish with, 
or a net from ib tapering, J, — Tol 
xi\afjni, tvproi tc, ku! ^iC aypltiav Xa- 
/3tp.»eui, Theocr. 

Kupu ; See u(ter EupKOfau 

si/aOos :'' See the note 

KuffTii: the wouib. — Ft. Kexvajat 

pp. of KUW 

Ku97-i>, euc, 4: a bladder, the 
bladder.~Fr, Kitvarat pp. iif i-ilu, I 
swell. H. io medicine cyvtilis, a dis- 
ease of the bladder 

t Kuri>'of : a bud or Uowcr of ihe 

Kuriooi: the abrub c^fMiM or tre- 
foil. — ' Florenlem ct/tisumet Mlicea 
carpellg amaras,' Virg, ' And c^tUus 
and garden pines abound,' Con- 

* Kfr/iii, iiot: a kJnd of oiut- 

Kiroi, cot : any thing convex or 
concave, capucily, orb. — Fr. KiKvrai 
pp. of Kviit, I swell, am round. Tpi- 
■xoioi iv Kol^^ LurEi,*" Eurip. 'Ev 
igwliot KurE<, Id. 

KvTTapos ; nuicli the same as 

KipeWov : an ear: 'EJ finrptii' Ao- 
puf <l?depaas Kitl.cX\n , Ljcophr. Also 
a cloud : KvficXXa h' iaiy Ti)\6dev jjoi- 
fiowfi^ciui',' Ljcophr. 

Kiifaiv: a collar put about the 
neck of a malefactor, which caused 
him to bend his head, J, — Fr. tinv- 
ifa p. orcuTrw 

Kvij'Air : a cofFLT, chest, CAFsu- 
LA, bee-hive. — Herodotus meiiliona 
(S, ga) that Cypselus, king of Co- 
rinth, received his name from his 
mother having saved liis life wLen 
an infant from the designs of the 


Bacchiad», by concealing Mm tn i 
KuJ-eXt). From the cruelty of 1 lib CJ^- 
telus tvi^tWlSa was used for, I act 

KV'iii'KTi, I'nJ-eXii : ihe wax of ihe 
ear. — 'lira >:\,^t\6-^vaTa .'^ Lucino. 

Kvij>EAX.'e<j : See the first Kv^^iXn 

K^o) : See Kuku 

Kiw, aai: I kiss. — To the a. 1. 
ttvaaa tlie Getin. Kusseit and Engl. 
Kiis appear to be allied 

Kvuiy : See after tvfilvoi- 

Ki»(, Kwas, xSos, eos: a shin or 
fleece. — Fr. cui for ictai, wh. ttlpat. 
From tile habit of lying on skins. 
' Atque liaruni effulluH lergo stratis- 
que JACEEAT Vellkribds,' Virg. 
See bipai. To ibis source Porphyrioii 
refers the enpression of Horace, 
' quiescere in propria pelle' 

Ku/3im; a gudgeon. — ' Princi- 
pium cmns s-o^tu« esse sulet,' Mbi- 
lial. Togobto. onis. Mor. refers tbe 
French gottjon, wh. gudgeon 

Kiibfia and -in: ihe head oF i 
poppy. Metaph., ihe human heait. 
— ' I can keep my cough quiet by 
dia-codium,'^ Johnson 

K.f&iov or nuiiior: dimiiiuliveof 

liu&oiy, aivos: a bell. The orifice 
of a trumpet; a ttuinpet. — ^a/ytm' 

&Koiiit . . . HaXKO'Srvfiuu Kilibait'Os an 
TvpiriytKiis* Soph. KuiSi.D'o-^nXopo- 
-jrw\i;i,' Arislopb. 

iibiibiyi£ai : I try, prove. Fr, tir- 
Sttiii. From ihe trial of horses by 
bells Io see whether they would en- 
dure ihe noise of battle, or from the 
trial of guards by striking a betl 
which they were to answer, St. 

Kuidw, wvos, it : a military gobtet; 
a potalion.- — KuSuD'ifd/ici'oi rait ftc- 
yaXaii," .Aristot. 

Kiaxiia : I moan, lament. — From 
Ihe EOiiiid, L. From pp. kskukktm 
liCoeytus, the river of Hell: * Vi- 
seodus ater flumiue languido C 

IBIhuTecame, bov-,HBi herald from Sparlii, 
Ki^vf, Doric (unn of irtlpuj. 

19 Menibruin muliebre. oBira yivmiC Eirw- 

xiora, Arisloph. ■ Duio (i/stluim eostonque 
{FuUt cumniuiiu ododi,' Aniuu. Peihapa fr. 
iniainr ». 1. p. uf Kliu. 
~~$0 In llie hollow ort> ufn tripod. 

1 Claudi of javcUna whizxing fr 

2 Enrs filled with wax. 

3 The Bjnipotpoppioa. 

4 I hear yourvuice like iliatoFtlie b rai ea- 
noulhed Tjnhenisn trumpet. 

5 Having liarin vitb bells io their trajji- 

6 .Makbg poiflUoui in Is'ge (galilet^^^H 




errana/ Hor. 

Kmkoy : a member or limb of the 
.body ; a foot, arm, leg, &c. ; a 
member of a sentence. — H. colon, 

K&Xop: one of the intestines. — H. 
the colic 

KQXri: a limb; a gammon of ba- 
con. — Fr. KutXoy, OtfjLoi hk KutXris {s 
eyif Kar-TiaOioy,'' Aristopb. 

KwX-ayp^at and -aKpirf^ii Said 
to be called awo tov aypeiv or ctypeiv 
raff jcwXaSy from their TAKING or 
COLLECTING for their own use the 
relics of the sacred victims, as the 
skins and the KwXai. So Athenaeus 
has fiaSaypirai, * It is applied to 
those who had the care of the judi- 
cial,, the sacred, and other money ; 
to those who settled what each 
should pay towards furnishing ships ; 
&c.,' R. 

KutXrjf^, riTTos, 6 : the hinder part of 
the articulation of the thigh with the 
knee, the ham; or, according to 
others, the calf. — Fr. kwXov, Ko\p' 
oviOer KU)Xri7ra rv)(u}y,^ Hom. 

KiaXtas : Venus. — A KufXoy, mem* 
brum ; sed eximi^, membrum geni- 
tale. Ka»XcaSos, reyeTvXXiioip Ari- 

KuiXvo: I impede, obstruct, hin- 
der. — Fr. KutXoy, a limb, and among 
other limbs the foot. SoLat. 'itn- 
'pedio* fr. * pes, pedis.' Or generally 
from disabling the limbs 

t KofXofrj^s : a starry lizard, ya- 

Yi&fjia, arcs : deep sleep, lethargy. 

^Fr. KilCWfJLai pp. of KOWzzsKoiiif, Wll. 

jco/ri} and Koifxata. H. the medical 
terms coma and comatose 

Kwfiij, rfsz a village, ueighbour- 

Jiood, street. *— Fir. xiMfiai pp.; of 
^KdfassKitt, wh. KUfmi, and co/y,< mh% 
Koifxata. * In aucieat Greece^' when 
all were shepherds or husbandmen, 
that place was called rtu/ii?, to which 
men retired in the evening to sleep/ 
Vk. Hence en-comium,^ And hence 
some derive com-edy^^ 

Kwfios : a feast, dance, or song of 
mirth and revelry ; a troop of . revel- 
lers. — H. Lat. comissor, comiss0iio» 
And hence most probably is comedy ^^\ 
* Kdfios is fr. KeKwfjtai pp. of nom^ 
jco/of, wh. Ko%fiata ; and is a deep sleep 
with which persons lie oppressjod 
when heavy with wine,' Vk. ."A-icX^t 
TOi Kiofiaioyaiy els iplXovs ^iXsip^* 

Kbi^vs, vdos, 4: a bundle of bay^ 
&c. — L. compares ko/jlISu, I carry. 
Kai fiaXaKut '^(tproio KaXay K&nvSa 

Ku/jL'fhiai comedy , comic reprer 
sentation. Seethe notes on tfw^ov 
and Kkifxri 

Ku>v€Loy : hemlock, aconitum. — ^Q 
Oripafiiyris avo-dyijcrKeiy avayKaiSfie^ 
yos TO Kutyeioy Ixcc,** Xen. .. 

Kofi'os :'' a cone ; a conical figure; 
a boy's top ; helmet ; pine apple 

Kaij/-(i)\/','^ onros : a gnat or inus- 
kitto. — H. conopeum, and .canofy^\ 

Koios : See KQa% 

Kwiri} : the handle of a sword or ot 
an oar. — For jcottii fr. tiKova pm. of 
KovTia. * For we lay hold of it in 
CUTTING with a sword or in bat- 
tering the water with an oar,' DmJ 
So bwfia for ho/iaf &c. 

KwpvKos: saccus coriaceus, a 
bag, wallet. — Kwpi/x^ ^ipoy fia,'^ 

Ktiis : See Kwas 

7 Alas the gammon which I have devoured. 

8 He came op to him and hit him behind in 
■the ham. 

9 As delivered publicly in the streets and 

10 JS.wfi-^Sla ; fr. ^. For poets formerly 
went from village to village to sing their co- 
medies, Mor. ' Praeiuiaque ingeniis paoos et 
coropita circuro Thesids posuere/ Virg. 

11 A song of mirth and revelry. * K^firi 
denotes a place. Now there is no other ex- 
ample of words, denoting place, being joined 
with fiflf. Thus the Greeks did not say o-miy- 
-5pS^f, Owrp'^s, But KMii'tf^s fr. HMpos 
agrees with hxfp'tf^s, KiBap'^fibs, &c.,* TH* 

12 Friends feast with friends, though nnin<* 

13 And I give a pretty l:(andle of soft 

14 Theramenes, being forced to die, drank 

15 For k6vos fr. x/ffovapm. ot'K4wVf wh* 
K€Pr4»» A figure in which many lines rise from 
a circumference to one point, L. 

16 Fr. K&yos and Atp, Because, they say, it 
has a conical nose. This is facetious, but per- 
haps is true, Bl. 

17 A covering to keep off muskittos. 

18 I carried in a wallet necessaries for the 
journey. . , 

cwHUiK : I*pra{fle,cIiatleror*cItat. 

•iroraSeir," Atben. 

Kw^oi: obluse, in mind or body ; 

"^A": 30. " A,: 30.000 

•'")Vo ;*° an intcDsitiTe prefix, like a, 

Adas, and \as, v : a alone, rock. 
— Fr. Xa's or XaFis is lapis, Voss. 
Hence la-tomitB' or tau-tumia, 
stone quarries 

A(iu>, XaiPdi, Xii/3ii;, Xi'ififtiii, liiui, 

X^fo/iai, Xdfu^ai : 1 take with llie 
hand, lay hold of, take, receive ; lake 
in hand, undertake; lake by seiircli, 
take in a fault, detect, overtake; 
lake wilU tbe mind, comprehend. — 
Fr. \&^at 19 labium, a lip ; as tlint 
by wliich we take food. Hence also, 
a syl-labus, or com-prchensise sum- 
mary. Fr. XeXinf-ai pp. of Xi/3u is 
epi-kfsy.^ Aafii fit, \a0e fie, Ari- 
Slopb. Xeipl Se x^'P" fi-apiyres, 

AajSii : that by which I lay hold 
of, a handle ; nietaph., a handle, 
occasion. — Fr. Xo/3tu 

Aafipos : voracious, devouring ; 
precipitate, rapid, violent. — For Mi- 
-^opoi, fr. Xa and /Bopu, voro. Or for 
Xd/3epoi fr. Xn/5u ; i. e. seizing 

Ad^pa^; some voracious fish, as 
tbe pike. — Fr. \&ftpot 

Ao/3ip(i-0o( : a maze or lah/rinlk. 
A net, * as made of such various 
links lliat tliere is no finding llie be- 
ginning or the end.'Scap. 

Aayarov : a kind of cake. — Cice- 
ro has arto-laganui fr. fiproi, bread 

Xoyapoi: slack, Inosi.-, not dis- 
tended, empty. — Kai \ayapdy hcipg 
iipfta wep(-i-p*/iarai,' Epigr. 

AaylT-ijs: a leader of troops. — Fr. 
Xcus or Xd( and ayw 

19 To drink wine, sitting anil chatting plcH 

20 Some derive it fr. ^iiaioi, as in KukkS- 
'>,ovT(ii. So Bl. Buppolo tn IB fur Jsnr^i. 

1 Ft. Toiiht " cot""?, "'i- ana-lomy. 

a A taking Of jeimio of tlie body by con- 

>8 KM 

deaf, dumb. — For ko^oi fr. keco^ p. 
of K6irTii>, I baiter. So £sch. has ^e- 
i-iuv K^Kofifiiyot. So • ob-tuse' fr. 
* tnndo' 

Aayi/ros, h : : 
: letili iiihiii 


flagon. — 'Imi Con- 
n nocuere tagtitii,' 

Aayviis, \ayvos : libidinous. — For 
Xa-yui'oi fr. yvr^, i. e. much addict- 
ed to women ; or for Xd-yoi-os fr. yl- 
yoya pni, of ye/cw, i. e. amans pru- 
creandi, admodum fcecundus semi- 

Xayoi, Xaybis, Xayuai : a hare; a 
sea-tiare. — AUtds dpirofuv nrwiaXa- 
yuov,* Horn. ' Nee scarus ant poteiit 
peregrina juvare lagoit,' Hor. 

Aoyw or M^ui, Xnyx". \ayx&w, 
XfyXKi, X^x*"' £"> XeXaxw : I draw 
lots, receive by lot ; receive, oblaip, 
XdjSu ; am appointed by lot. — H. the 
Fate Lachtsis, who measured out to 
each his lot 

Xayif, oj.os: the loose and bone- 
less cavity of the side between the 
ribs and the hip. bone.— Perhaps al- 
lied to \ayap6s 

AaSo/iai, XaCufiai : I lay hold of. 
— See \&a after \aat 

Aadvpos; a kind of vetcb. — Hence 
Ptolemy Lalhyrus^ 

AA011. Xd*8w, \avdiiyj, XAaOu,, 
XtjBu: 1 escape or elude the obser- 
vation of others, 1 lie unobserved or 
concealed ; I cause others to pass by 
the recollection of any thing, cause 
to forget. Id the middle and perf. 
jiassive, I sufier any thing to escape 
from my own mind, pass by, forget. 
— Fr. XdOui or XaSiia is probably la- 
teo. Fr. Xijdf, oblivion, is Lethe 

Kndu), &c. with a participle.'EXo- 
6cy inr-€K-ij>vyiiv, He eluded others 
in or by escaping. He escaped unob- 
served by others. 'EXadey ffi-Ttaitr 

S .Anil ibc skin Imngs slack about the 

4 An eagle just leizinja timid hare. 

5 Sa culled from au excretceBaeaMlaMM 
csctpbling ttie \iSupo!, 

AA0 I 

elt liiaovs tovs Teo\ffi(ovs, He ran by 
forgetfulness or heedlessness into tbe 
midst of ihe enemy. It sometimes 
expresses mere unconsciousness or ig- 

AyyiXuiis, Some Ijave entertained an- 
gels utieuDsciously 

AAOpa : clandestinely. — Fr. \adai 

Ai'iyJ, ^ : a pebble. — Fr. Xaas 

Amiput: impudent. — Supposed 
to be put for Xa-'ibpot fr. Aa and JSoj- 
a. 3. of tiibi opposed to a'tbin fr. a 
and i&oy 

\aWapyos : backbiting. — Sup- 
posed to be put for \ad-apyos and 
X^S-apyos, qnick at deceiving. Aai'0- 
opyoy, Tn^u-Toui', boXlay Keji^M,* 

XaucaSia-J I associate witb har- 
lots.— Fr. pp. XeXoi'tnoTuc is Xaitri- 
iTTpia, a harlot. 'Ap\>) roS ttoXejiou 
Kar-ep^y)} "EkXijai iraair et rpiwv 
XaicoorpiSK,' Ariatopb. 

Xal-Xa\j/, annt, j) : a wliirl-wind. 
— Fr. kai=\a, very, and XuJ™ fut. 
of Xo^uor Xdnroi. That wbich seizes 
or devours intensely. Zi^vpos ftt- 
ydXij (niy XaiXawt OiioJi', Horn. 

Xaifiis: tlie throat.— Fr, XtXaipen 
pp. of Xa/(u=Xa(j or Xni>u>. Hence 
Fac. derives Lamia :' ' Neu pransse 
Lamite pueruin vivum extrahat al- 
veo,' Hor. 

Xai-iiapyos: gluttonous. — Fr. Xai 
^^Xa, much, and iiapyos, Vk. Per- 
haps it ia put for Xat/id-fiapyoi fr. 

Aaiot: left.— Fr. ^ol. Xa.Fot is 
Lat. leeVus 

Xatv^Vov: a light shield covered 
with rough shaggy akin.— For Aa- 

tni'iov fr. X&ntos, Dm. "Aon-iSni ei- 
-KtiKkovi Xataii'ta re trrepovvTa, Hom. 

Aoir/ia,'° aroi: breadth or pas- 
sage. — M^ya XaiT^a QaXha/rrit, Hom, 
*AXcc (II fiiya Xair/ia, Id. H. lalni 

Xai^Di, eos • a coarse earmcnt ; a 
sail. — ^'A^^i hk Xalipos 'Eaaw, S xev 
arvyi^aiv liiiv &vBpai!rot S-jfovra," 

6 A hackbiling, quickfooted, crafty foi. 

T SoTDe deriTe it fr. >ju=Ka and li^a. I 
dial lop iiish with very gay dress. J. lupposia 
itpulfor\Blinif«ff. Xnlitbifi. \iuii. I malic 
com man, proiiilute. 

8 The war begun la break aut among nil 
the Greeki throogh three barlola. 

9 Ab divourino infants and youths. 

59 AAI 

AanPupa*: rapid.— Fr. Aa and 
altlnipiis fr. alipa , 

Aaxis, Ibos, fi : a burst or rent 
accompanied with a crack or noise ; 
a shred.- Fr. IXaKoy a. 2. of Xaiiar, 
I crack, crepo. H. lacer, laeero, 

Aateu, X^cu, XataSa : said of 
things cracking or making a noise. 
Applied to the voice, I utter a sound. 
'Ad«(v is put for breaking a pro' 
phetic voice with a great soiitid,' 
TEI.— See above 

AaKipv£a : noisy, loquacigus/n — 
Fr. XaKepui, lacer, lacerut, fr. Xmc^' 

AaxlSai : I rend. — Fr. \aiU 

Aacii : See before Xaicio) 

Aieot, Xdk-tiii : a dilch, pit, sub- 
terraneous ditch, well, cistern. In 
some compounds, XuKtos seems to 
mean, depth; and to be transferred 
to abundance, like ^dSoi. — ' Henoe 
Lat. locus, lacuna,' Fac. 'E/i-fiXifdfi- 
aerai ris Toy Xmkov rSiv Xeuvjiav, 
LXX., He shall be cast into the 
den of lions 

AaKni-*fj|UKroi : Vide Aaros et irpui- 
troj, Br. citat Juveualem ; ' Inter 
Sacraticos notissima fossa cinsedos.' 
Eadem sensu apud Ttbullum ' fossa 
profunda,' V.vpv-irpuiKTOi hdbet Ari- 

X«i: with the heel. — Ah.t.i» erii- 
Bcai ^ai, Hom., Treading with bis 
heel on the breast (of Adrastui). 
Hence Xamcui, I tread with ihe 
heel, kick, caico, calcitro. ' Apo- 
■lactizo inimicDs omues,' Plaut. 

Am'-jrdnjrot, AnJ-jrar, : trodden 
under foot. — Fr. »rnreu. See above 

XanTliaii See Xiif above 

AoXeu, XaXny^Di : I prate, prat- 
tle ; talk; speak. — Fr. the sound 
XoA XaX, wli. Lat. lallo 

AaXayia : See above 

\aXirT0iyavii : an uncertain word 
in Lucian, derived by Guyelus fr, 
AnXot, ^bofiat {ijaSiiy a. 1.) and yd- ■ 
►OS ; construed by all the transla- 


ton, as if il were derived fr. \uAoc 
and Oijyui'u, an iiicenlive to loijiia- 
city; nnd altered by Gesner iiilu 

Aafifi&vbi: See Xdw before Xcr/5fl 
Aaiiia: lamia, a liag, witch. — 

Xofn&iini' : a bandage. ^ — '066-ia 

stopa-OKtudCETE \a/nrubioy wepi 

TO ffpupii'," Arislnpli. 

A«^Tw, >/.«: 1 sl.ine, gliller. — 
Hence Xafiirat, ahtit, i), lampas, a 

Ad^TTij: 'the thicker fnam swim- 
ming on wine, so culled from its 
shining und gliltering uppeatance,' 
St. — Fr. Xd^Trw 

Xa/iTrijvi) : a covered waggon, 
'Perhaps corruptly for dmiiij,' C. 
— Kai iittymv !£ Itftulm XatiirifiiKnt, 
«ii iii«<. ;3(ioj,'' LXX. 

WjuT-oufni : a fox. — Fr. Xd^Tru 
Hnd o£^a, n tail. Having a shining 
tail. So Theocr. of the dog, an 
animal oflhesanie genua as the fox: 
'II Aaitr-ovpe Kiirry 

XtifiiYiot : impudent, bold, free. 

Et bi XiftvpiiT^fiov Xiyia, /i^ flau^a- 
irre, ' Xeii. Also, biiniorous, gay, 
facetious, elegant. Ao^npui-fpni' oii- 
tiv,iTif,uy, aov. Allien.— Fr. \i- 
Kafiai pp. of \aia, I speah, L. 

Xd^cpt'^s : capacious, targe. — A 
vastitate quasi IMPUDENTE, St. 
See above. Or fr. M\a/iai pp. of 
Xdu, capio 

Ait/j'paiiail ful. mid, of Xa/i/?(ii= 

Aa^flu^u: See before XdOpa 
Xa£ : See before XoKjrdrijroi 
Xd^w: 1 carve or polish stones. 
~Fr. Xns and E^«, St. 

AAOX,Xeiij: the people, acrowd, 
band ; baud of soldiers. — H. tlie 

Xnmicw, AXairu^oi : 1 make empty; 
spoil. — Allied to XiiTrrw or Xairui, I 
lap up. Dm. Tpoiifv eu-rei'xEOi' e^- 
-aXoirtlJai,'* Horn, 

AdToOoi:'* sorrel. — ' Aut herba 

19 Prcpnre rag), nod a bHndBge Co be put 
about I he uncle. 

1} And the; biougbl sii coierrd wnggani 
and Iwei™ osan. 

14 To fpoil the well-WBllcd Troj. 

15 Alli*d lo \airJf*. A iB.alive. 

ID Adeoqae forn.idine prcssus fuit blc 

AAn ^H 

lapatki prala amantis,' Hor. ' ^^^ 
AoTTopot : emptv. - -Allied to Xn- 

XairApti : much the eame as Xo- 
yitv, and allied to Xasapos as \ayuiv 
to XaYopDi 

XdTFiipliiee'".— 'Fr.[Xd7ru. = ]Xn- 
waibi: from its being evacuated 
from the body,' Mar. 'E/iiei olaXa 
cai Xairijv, Hippocr, 

Xavliu,: I vaunt.— Allied to Xn- 
7rd5iii, L. Perhaps from empty 
boasling. ' Ego hunc paratum video 
pedilalu, ei]uitatu, classibu?, auxi- 
liis Giillorum, quos Matins iXutrtSty, 

nt pato Sed sit hoc Xamv^it. 

Magnas hiibct eeit^ copias,'Cic. 

Anirriu : I lap or lick up like 8 
dog, swallow.— Fr. ihe sound 

Xapiros : big, large. Translated 
also, well-fed, ' Fr. Xa and ptfot. 
Having a great thick skin,' Dm. Ao- 
pi}'^ jiiA, Arialoph. Taiipou Xapivov, 

* Aapcrira : a kind of pot or pan 
made at Lerissa 

Xoptos: a basket. — Tiro tou beam 
he Tfj* fiaplXqi fioi ffuj^vijv 'O Xd/MM 
et'-er/XijoTi', Aanep ojfnla, '* Ali- 

XdpvaJ, ator, ft: a bon, chesi, — 
'OjrXa re irarra Adpcai:' «t dpyupftjc 
ouX-X^Jnro," Horn. 

Xdpoi ; a coot, gull. — 'H he a'lQvia 
Kai oi Xdpoi TixTovaty ey rals Tepi 6a- 
XnoiTov jT^rpoit,''' Aristot. From the 
voracity of this bird it is applied to 
Cleon by Arislopb. : KXewca rov 

Xnpoi : sweet; delicioiis.^ — -Hence 
Fac. derives larix, tlie larch ; from 
the sweelncss of lis odor. Aopov 
TervKolfitQa hopvov,^^ Horn. 

Xttpvyl, il : the larynx, throat. — 

'E« ro6 Xapuyyos iK-nptfiaaat 'Ywip- 

j8oX(j»'," Aristopb. 

Aaaavov: a chamber-pot, close- 
stool. — ' Quinque aei|uuutur Te 
pueri lasanum per tan I es cenopltO' 
rumque,' Hor. 

multummiliicacaverit: Br. 

17 fie gathered into a silvur chest all IliB 

IS The carmoraDt and gull lialch their 

19 I«t us prepue a delicioui repajl, 

20 Haling Buiprnded H^prrbofoi bjjl^^ 




Aa( : See Xaas and Xa^evta 

XaaSri: ridicule. — M17 fi\ i /i^- 
raie yavra, rtjp &Kpay Kafiwrwy, XXev- 
fjv re iroUv Kai yiXtora Kal Xdcrdijv,* 
Epitaph on Phila^ois 

Xdffios :^ * This word plainly an- 
swers to Lat. deusus, thick. It de- 
notes thick with trees, and thick 
with hair; and also, like irvKiyos or 
TVKyos, condensed, compact, firm,* 
TH. It is also translated, wise, pru- 
dent, like irvKiv6s.^^0'is Xaaios fjii- 
YO.S, Horn., A large shaggy sheep. 
HvXaifiiyeos X&trioy icfip, Id., The 
firm or wise heart of Pyiaemenes 

XAtrKio:^ I cry out; speak. — *OXo- 
Xvy/utoy &XXos SWoOey Kara wrdXiy 
"EXatTKOV eh-ffifwdyres,^ ^sch. 

Xaaravpot : salacious, immodest. 
— Supposed to be put for Xa-ravpos, 
fr, Xa^ and ravpos. See the Note on 
hravpwos. ' Mores ejus sigillatim 
expressit ; nebulonem, lurconem, po- 
pinonem, et lastaurum appellans,* 

Adra{, ayosi the liquor which 
fell from the cup in the play of the 
KorraPos ; and the noise of the fall. 
Hence some derive latex 

Aa-TOfxita: I hew out stones. — 
Fr. Xds and rofiit, a cutting 

Adrptf :^ a servant. — H. ido-latry 
for idolo'latry (fr. eiSoiXov,) a serv- 
ing of idols. Hence also latro' 

Xa-rvWw : I strike or hew out 
stones for building; I build. — Fr. 
Xas and irvvoy a. 2. of rv-Kria 

XavKayia : the throat, palate. — 
— 'Fr. XeXavKa p. of Xavoi. I. e. the 
seat of enjoyment or relish 

Xavpos : perhaps the same as Xd- 
fipo$i voracious, violent, impetu- 
ous; but used frequently for, im- 
mense, copious, large, broad. Hence 
Xavpa^ a broad way, street. Kara 
Xavpas Av-dopoi vrwaaovaif^ Find* 

1 Do not, silly sailor, when doubling the 
cape, Jest, laagb, and ridicule me. 

2 Fr. \4Kaffai pp. of \da. That which 
can be laid hold of. Opposed to smooth. 

8 From xdw. See the note on X^pos, 

4 One from this quarter and another from 
that cried out tlieir song of joy through the 
city, sending forth auspicious words. 

6 So fias is put for /3a. See the note to 

6 Fr. \4XaTU pp. of \da. One who is 
TAKKN in war, L« But R. understands it of 

* Lares vulgus arbitratur viconim 
atque itinerum Deos esse, ex eo qudd 
Graeci vicos cognominant lauras,* 

Xavoi, diro-Xai/fu: I take or re*' 
ceive good or evil from ; enjoy. — • 
Fr. Xdiii wh. Xupbf. Elliptically for 
Xavw dyadoy, Kaxby, &c. These are 
sometimes expressed : *AyaBby dir- 
'iXavT' ohbky avrov, Isocr. 

Aai^vfftrw : I BWsAlow greedily ; 
exhaust, empty. — Fr. XAa^a p. of 
Xdirroi, Dm. For inpytrariOf L.^ 

Ad^vpa, wy: prey, spoils. — Allied 
to Xa^i/o'orw. * As exhausting and emp- 
tying tents and cities,' Dm. 

Adfpios: a spoiler. — For Xa^v* 
pios. See above 

Aa^')(alyia : I dig. *-« Fr. Xa and 
Xa/foi, I make to gape or open wide, 
Vk.'° See Xdxavov 

Aaxayoy: vegetables, garden-stuff. 
— Fr. Xaxorof fut. of Xaxaiyta, That 
which is planted in earth dug, TH. 
That which is dug from the earth for 
the use of man, Vk. ' Ad porri et ci* 
ceris refero lachanique catinum,' Hor. 

Xd^eios: a word of uncertain mean- 
ing. Translated, low ; having good 
soil ; grassy ; &c. •'Ei'6' dicr// re Xd- 
^eca cat dXtriif Horn. N^o'os Xd- 
Xeta, Id. Some read eXayela 

Xaxfios: wool, fleece. — Possibly al- 
lied to Xaj(yrf, 'Afiyeiot • • • Aa\fif crrei* 
vdfjLeyos,^* Horn. Some read Xdx^f 

Xdx'"'?'-'^ down, dxi^i?; hair; thick 
hair. — Hence some derive lana, la^ 
nugo» Hence Lachne, one of Ac- 
taeon*s dogs in Ovid : * HlRSUTA- 
QUE corpore LMchne" 

Adxos, eor, Xax^ • a lot ; lot, por- 
tion. — Fr. Xdxff' See Xdyta 

Xd« : I speak. — Hence XdtrKt^ 

Adw : I take, generally. (See be- 
fore XaPn.) I take with my hand, 
lay hold of; with my eyes, 1 look 

one who becbives wages on hire. 

7 ' Latnmes dicti qui conducebantur mer- 
cede. £a enim merces dicitur Grsc^ x4- 
rpov,' Varro. 

8 They crouch in suspense down in the 

9 R. compares it with \dfi<o. See A/a^i- 

10 Fr. \dx»» I divide in portions, L. 

1 1 A ram oppressed witli its fleece. 

12 For &x^> ^* ^^^^ ^** xy^vs, S«ap. 




upon ; mih my desireA^ I covet 

Aiawa : hiena, a lioness, — Fr. 
Xigtfv, SL lion 

Xeali'uf, Xeiaivb), \ei6b) i I make 
smooth. — See \eios 

Xe/3i7p<s, ibos : a skin, or skin peel^ 
ed ; the cast off or outer skin of a 
serpent. — Possibly put for Xewrfpls, 
fr. Xiwbf 

Aifiris, riTos, 6 : a caldron, basin. 
— •• Geminos ex aere lehetaSt Virg. 

Xcyvwros : fringed or striped. — 

'Es yovv /u^XP' X"'^''^ Zuivvvadai Xe* 
yywrov,*' Callira. 

AETfl, ^w: legOy colligo, I col- 
lect. I put together by enumera- 
tion, number, count, recount 

AEFfl, {a» : I recount, speak, say, 
tell, tell of, &c. — Fr. pm, X^Xoyo 
are iautd-lof^, chrono-logi/, dia- 
'loffue, &c. 
. A^yo) : I recite, read, lego 

Aiyut : I make to lie down, make 
to repose. — Fr. pp. XeXeicrai is X^- 
tcrpov, wh. perhaps lectus, *Lectus,* 
says Festus, ' dictus a collectis foliis 
ad cubitandum.' Perhaps X^yoi in 
this sense is derived under the same 
notion. See X^yoi, I collect, above 

Xe-iyXar^oi : I take . away prey. 
— -Fr. X^a=Xc/a, and ^Xarai pp. of 

Ac/a,** Xe/iy, Xrfiri, and Xtjis, thos, 
h • prey, booty. — Hence Xrft^ofjiai, I 
gain as booty, ^/uibtai b' &s ^AxtXevs 
Xrfiffffaro,^* Horn. Afiwaty oi/s fiot Xij- 
tacraro hlos ^Obvtraevs, Id. 

Aei/3(i;, xpat : I distil, drop, pour ; 
pour out ; pour out libations, libo. 
See aXeicpu) 

. Aetfiijv, wvos, 6 ; Xeifxa^ ; Xeifxhs : 
a moist place, meadow. — Fr. X^- 
Xetfjifiai^^ pp. of Xeififo, * Ael^odai 
is said of fountains, when they flow 
gently. So a mountain is said Xc/- 
fietrOai water, i. e. to pour forth 
gently flowing water. Hence Xei/iwv, 

13 To be girt as far as the knee vrith a 
striped tunic. 

14 Ft. X^a=Xc£«; I take, L. 

15 The female slaves whom Achilles gained 
as booty. 

16 So \ifihs i. e. \€ifjihs fr. \4\eifificu. 

17 To spell this lavis is contrary to ana- 
logy, however it may be useful in distin- 
guishing it from ' levis/ light. 

18 Hence Lat. Zt'oi. < From livi h obit- 

a meadow intersected by many grea- 
tly flowing streams,' TH. See -^y. 
"licrros fioffKOjuivri Xetfiwvi, Horn. 

Aeios: smooth, level. — Fr. XelFos 
is Lat. ItViSy^'^ smooth, as fr. Xaios 
is Lat. MaeVus.* Aelos is fr. Xeiw, 
the same as Xcbi and X/bi ;'® verbs 
derived from the sound X, ivhich is 
soft and liquid. See uXe/^&y 

Ae/TTO), \^a) : I leave ; leave out ; 
leave ofl*, desist, fail, am wanting or 
deficient. — Fr, pp. XiXei-d/at is ec- 
'lipse, el-lip sis f and ellipse, ^^ and fr. 
XeXetTrrai is ec-liptic^ 

Aetpioy : {Hrium=)lilium, a lily. 
So ' purpre* fr. • purpura* became 
* purple' 

^Xelpos: some female ornament 
'^--Aelpoy TLva eKpoTOvy Kal kX-Xofiia 
Koi tr^bas ry dvyarpl rfj ifx^, Lucian. 
Guyetus reads Xijpov 

XeiTos, XiTos :* plebeian, vulgar, 
mean; plain, simple.—- <For X^rot 
from Xews. H. lit-urgy, (fr. ipyoy,) 
a public service or formulary. Airor . 
bwpoy, XiTrj X^P'^> Prov. 

Ac«x»)>'* o : an asperity of the sur- 
face of the skin, attended with a 
slight itching. — • Non triste mentuia 
sordidique lichenes,' Mart. 

Ae/x^, Xi^ta : I lick 

Ael^ayop : a reniLant. — Fr. X^- 
Xet4>ai pp. of Xc/ttoi 

AeKdvT] : a platter, dish. — Fr. 
XeXek'a p. of Xiw, 1 make smooth or 
polish, L. 

AeuaX^os : fond of dishes, glut- 
tonous. — Pe;haps fr. XeicaXrf, only 
difiering in form from Xejcavi} 

XiKiQos : that which is within a 
rind or shell ; applied to beans, eggs, 
&c. ; the yolk of an egg. — For Xi- 
iriQos fr. X^Trof, S. Vice vers^« * lu- 
pus' is fr. Xi/nros. See iXnls 

AeKTpoy : a couch. — Allied is 
lectus. See Xeyia 

Aejjipos : a pinnace, skiflf. — * Non 

viswr ; primarily, I make smooth what is 
impruitecl on wax/ Vk. 

19 A figure which falls short of a circle. 

20 So called because all ^K-X€(if«ts or 
eclipses of the sun and moon can only take 
place when the moon is in or near that 

1 Aira is edited in Homer. That it shonld 
be Kfhet, is proved by Xtn-ovpyhs, 61. 




aiiter qu^m qni adverso vix flumine 
iembum Remigiis subigit,' Virg. 

AivTiop : the Lat. linteum, a nap- 

Aevpos: scaly, rough ; having 
the skin rough as it were with scales, 
leprous, — Fr. \inos 

\iTroSf €05, Xems, ihos, // : any ex- 
terior covering, as skin, peel, rind, 
bark, scale, shell. -r-See Xeirpos above. 
' The TEolians said Xevos and XiTrop, 
XtTTos and Xiirop, wh. Lat. hber,* TH. 

Xiirabi'oy :* a poitrel or breast- 
-band for horses, answering to the 
collar with us, Bl. — "Apfxaaiv h* vvo 
Xtevyvvffiv avria, Knl Xkirahv €k a^- 
j^evwv Ti0ij<rc,^ >£sch. 

Aeiras, abos, $: a kind of shell- 
' fish, adhering to rocks. — Fr. Xiiros, 
a shell. ' Lepadas, ostreas, balanos 
captamus/ Plaut. 

Xiwas, to: a rock.— -See Xenas, 
*£s KiBatpwvos Xhras Aihiaai fiovKO" 
Xoiaiv €K^Oetvai (ipeipos,^ Eurip. 

Aeircs, X^TTOSf Xewpos : See above 

A€7ra> : i peel, skin, scale, shell. 
--Fr. Xivos 

AcKTos : thio, slender, nice, fine, 
subtile, subtle. — Fr. XcXe^rrat pp. of 
A^TTO), EM. Properly, thin like (Xc- 
iri<) bark peeled off, St. Ei/iara Xew- 
Tcif Horn. 

Aecrfil^w, XecfiiaSot : I imitate the 
Lesbians in debauchery 

^^<OCl • * public place where per- 
sons of any order used to meet to 
discourse together; discourse, chit- 
chat. — For XixV (as iax^ ^^^ ^X^) 
allied to Xexos. Properly, a bed- 
-chamber, L. Cubiculum is a part 
of the house in which we both pass 
the day, and sleep the night, Fac. 

XevyaXios : pernicious, destruc- 
tive ; destroyed, undone. — Supposed 
to be allied to XoiyaXios fr. Xoiyos, 
JloXifioio . . . XevyaXioto, Horn. Ope- 
ol XevyaXiriffi irtdiiffas,^ Id. Ilrwx^ 
XevyaXe<p€y'a\fyKios7)b^ yepovri,^ Id. 

AevKos : white ; shining, bright ; 
serene. — Fr. Xvkos, the sun. Dm. 

Whence hx, lucit, &c.^ ' Aevror 
^fjiap, Candida dies, i. e. LUCIDA ac 
Serena,' £1. * Secundam legionem 
Albinus ducere ad versus leuc-aspi- 
ifem^phalangemjussus,* Livy 
XevKayia : the same as XavKavla 
AeiJKTf : the white poplar. — Fr. Xev- 


Xevpos: smooth. — Fr. Xci;w=Xeiii>, 
wh. Xelos, L. *Ei/ ypafiaO^ Xevpf, 

Xevffaw : I view. — "Hfievos iv okO" 
irtp, Xe^oatiiv kirl otv-oTTo irovroy,^ 

Aevia : I stone. — Fr. Xtvs, Doric 
form of Xas 

A^of, €os : lectus, a bed ; mar- 
riage. — Fr. X^Xe^ap. of X^yw, I make 
to repose 

Akxpios : oblique. — * Fr. X^Xexa p. 
of Xiyia, I make to repose. For one 
who bends himself, seems as if he 
meant to lie on the ground,* Dm. 
Lucretius has * tecta cubantia,' 
which Fac. explains, *quae in latus 

Aex&' : a woman in child-bed^. — 

Fr. X^x"* 

AEIIN, ovTos : ho, a lion 

Atilis : people. See Xa6s 

Aetas : a stone. — The Attic form 
of Xaa% or Xet/f * 

Ae-wpyos: bold, nefarious. — Fr. 
Xews and ^pyov. Supposed by some 
to refer to the story of Prometheus 
MAKING MEN. But this is too con- 
fined. Some explain it, one who 
exercises bad ARTS against or among 

AriPut : See X&w before Xaftff 

Aiiyuf, Jcii : I cease, leave off; 
make to cease. — Fr. pp. X^Xr^icrai is 
the Fury A-lecto, Ariycre )3aiicoXf- 
jffis, Mwaai, ire Xijyer* iioitas, '** 

Aifbayov: the dewy moisture found 
on the leaves of the herb Xfihoy, which 
is a kind of cassia ; a sort of lauda- 
num, Fac. 

Xfibapioy: a summer garment. — 

2 For \h-avoy fr. Xiirtf, Dm. 

3 He joins them to the chariot, and 
places collars on their necks. 

4 He gives the child to shepherds to ex- 
pose on the rock of Cithaeron. 

. 6 Having trusted to a pernicious mind. 
6 Like an undone and old pauper. 

7 L. derives it ft, \4K9VKa p. of \t6ofsaK4of, 
I polish. Com p. \€vp6s. 

8 Armed with white shields. 

9 Sitting on a cliff, looking at the wine- 
colored sea. 

10 Cease, Mases, go, cease yoor bueolic 




XflW, XijSot, eo( : a 

8a,'*Theocr. Reiske and others 



alque adepol lirte lira.' And 
H)0," detiro, Vk. 

\>l(Trfl[ : a plunderer.— For Xjjiffnjs 
fr. XeXilVoTQi p. o( kt]c£ofiat. SeeXeia 

AS(n-is : forgelfiilness. — Fr. Xi- 
Xijcrrai pp. of X^dut. See Xiidu 

Aijri: Doric^ Aarai, wli. J.^tona 

\iniitfim : I recede, wilbdran : 

'Fjrapiiiv fi^ap iSero foir^i XiairSeii,'' 

Horn. Also, 1 ThII, f-M down. So 

liable Homer of n man wounded and fnllea: 

i ii ir/njn;i ^Xnio-flij, but he fell prone 

Aiav, Kirjv -.'^ greally, very. — 
Af'r)!' yhp Kpartpus wEpl xivrtov en' 
aydpantw,^'' Ham, Hence vwep-Xlav, 
very greaUy, exceedingly 

Xiapoc: supposed lo be put for 
■xXinpot, tepid, warm. So * ItcTia'u 
of the probably fr. yXalva 
I ; pur* Xlfiayos : frankincense. — ITiaeir- 

A/jfluj : See X«0iii 
Aijijj : See Xe/n 
Ai)<5o^oi : See Xei'n 
Mjioy : a corn-field, crop, 

to be RAVAGED, J. See Xeia 

AiiKvBos,"Ti\ an oil-pot, perfnn 
-pot. High sounding words, as L 
ampulla: 'Projicit ampnilas et s 
quipedaliH verba,' Hor. — -"GXnior ■ 
ir-trmy iy T^ XrjKuB^,'* Aristoph. 

Alltbi : See after Xnc/c 

Aijfta, aroi : will, piirpo! 
mind, inclination, diapusiti 
pose, resolution, presence 

— For Xoc/ja fr. Xdw, I will ; or fr. (iavoy Kiii etiiiprav,' NT. ' E«st of 
X^Xq^iai pp. of Xciu Arabia Felix is the Thurifera regto. 

Aiijiji'. a concretion preventing The bpst frankincense being white, 

the eye from seeing, blearedn 
Ludicrously supposed to curae Ir. 
\i\Tlfiat pp, of Xau, I see ; by anti- 
pbnisis. No derivation ever sur- 
passed in folly that of this word by 
Scapula : ' From Xau, I see, and fii), 

ArifivloKos : a fillet or ribband ; 
a bandage, a roll of lint put into 
wounili or sores. — ' Ruenlc turbii 
adire, contiugere dextram cupicn- 
liam, coronas lemniscosque jacien- 
tiuni,' Livy 

[1 Arabia liban, libanos also became 

a Ore 


;- press. - 
Bacclius is tenned Lenteus 

Aijrat," «os; wool. — Fr. Doric 
Xawi is perhaps lana 

Aijlif. a lot, portion. Fr. XeXij- 
Itti pp. of X>/x". (See Xaxw.) And a 
cessation, fr. Xjjyw, ^u 

AijpDs :'* trifles, folly, delirium, 
deliramentum. — Hence Plaulus says : 
• Tuaa blandiliic suntgerra; gernianiB 

11 Then the iw^illow como9, olicn we 

ng the I 
olibmium,' Butler 

At^at,aiias,i}\ a dripping; a rill, 
— Fr. IA,/3«va. 2. ofXt//3w 

Ai/3upvii : a ship used by the Lt- 
burnians, a jieuple of lllyria. ' Ibis 
Hburnis inter alia navium ' &c., Hor. 

Aljivf. Libyan. Aijivjaa, a U- 
bj/an woman 

Aiyybi, Ibi : I rnxkca shrill sound, 
ring.—' We (the Romans) 8 

There is no oil in the o[l-pot. 


ForAdtpo! fr, \ («, I spesk, am wordy, 

Hence allowed," says Quintilian, ' lo make 
words eorrespoudiug to the sense. 
Who would tolerate our daring lo 
form any thing sioiilar lo that de- 
Bervedly celebrated expression of 
Homeri A.'yjE/3.Jir 

Aiyhqv: superficially. — For \U- 
hiiy fr. XAuTQi pp. of XJ;^ui (See iu/i- 
Iriy). Properly, by merely Uckia 

\iyhoi : a mortar, lySij 

L. Sec \i^K<c. 

II Generail^ dcriiBd from ' lira.' 

IB Having immpdialelj withdrawn he am 

apart from hn associatag. 

ID S. derives it fr. Che Fem. of xTai fr. Aiw. I 

smooth, polish ; fioni the lehemence of mh- 

bing tlie hood. CuiDp./uba and iiaxiairu. 

ir lie is very bi 





Xiyvvsr //: soot^ fuligo. — Tv^v 
i^vra irvp-wSov iia trrofia Aiyi'vy fii' 
'Kaivav,'^ £sch. 

Aiyvpiov : a precious stone. — 
'And the third row viligure, an agate, 
and an amethyst/ Exodus 

XiyvwTos : an uncertain word, 
changed by Bent, and Schneider to 
XeyywTOSf striped 

Aiyifs : siirill, tuneful ; having a 
pleasant voice, as in Homer : Xiyvs 
ayopTjriis, — Allied to Xlyyto 

AWos, 6, i: a stone. — Fr. kXidrjv 
a. 1. p. of Xiwz=:X€i(t), I smooth or 
polish. Hence litho-graphic and 
chry so-lit he ovchryso'lite: * If metal, 
part seem*d gold, part silver clear; If 
STONE, carbuncle most or chrysolite,* 
Milton. Hence some derive littus 

- XiKfios : a winnowing van. — 'fts b* 
d')(ytts ayefios <j>op€€t Upas fcar* aXuas 
*A.ybpwv XiKfidiyrwr,^ Horn. 

XiKvoy : the mystic van of Bacchus. 
Perhaps allied to XtKfios 

XiKyoy: a cradle. — -H val, os ky 
XUyf Kara^Kcleai,'^ Horn. 

AiKpi<l>U : obliquely. — Allied per- 
haps to Xe^p(0(ff fr. Xexpcs fr. \&)(pios 

AtXalofiat : I desire. — For Xalofiai 
fr. Xaiia=zXabf 

• Aifi^y, iyos, 6: a harbor. — Fr. 
XiXifiai pp. of Xiw, I make smooth. 
A place where the waves of the sea 
are smoothed and quiet, Vk. •> 

Aifivri : a standing pool, lake. 
Also, the sea. — Supposed by Vk. to 
be of the same root as X(/i))v, and to 
be put for XeXifxeyrj : i. e. water 
smooth and quiet 

Aifiosi hunger. — For Xeifjios and 
Xeififios fr. XiXeififAai pp. of Xeiiruf, 
A failing or fainting, Vk. So in Lat. 

• fame defectus ' 

Ai/iirdrbH I leave. — For Xnrai'w 
formed fr. Xlwia fr. iXiirov a. 2. ofXeliru) 

Aiyoy: linum, flax; any thing 
made of flax; linen; thread, net. 

2 l^pho sending through his fire-breathing 
mouth the black soot. 

3 And as tlie wind carries the chaff through 
the sacred threshing-floors, when men are 

4 O boy who liest in the cradle. 

5 J. fr. \ifros : ' anointed so as to be fit 
for wrestling.' 

6 You shall hear no more ; so do not de- 
sire or be eager to ask. 

7 Some derive it fr. ^Knrov vu 2. of K^iru 

cord, fail ; string of a lyre 

AlfTos, eat : fat, grease, oil. — See 
aXeiifia. Hence X/tto (for Xtxapoy, 
as but for bUfjia), fat : "UXeiyj/ay Xiir 
eXai^, Hon). 

Xiwapris: assiduous, sedulous, ea- 
ger. — Bl. derives it fr. X/3ra>=X*irr«: 
i. e. desirous, eager ' 

Xnrapiia : I am eager or assiduous, 
used particularly of making inquiries ; 
I am desirous to ask. — ^"rovr ovc €t 
ay TTvdoio, fxribk Xiirapei,^ i£sch. See 

Aiirapos : oily, greasy; shining; 
fat, plump, sleek, in good case; 
spruce, gay, fine, &c. — Fr. Xinos 

XiTrepvijs ^ and -7/nys and -/ri|s : poor* 
— Ov yap fxoi wevlrj Trarpmos, ovb* Airo 
wairTTwv Eiftt Xiirepi'lrris,^ ^pigr* 

Xe'jrrw, ij/w : I desire. — Allied to 
XiTTbt and Xlaauj, wh. Xlatrofxau So 
onrofxai and oaaojiai ; &c. 

Atf, Xiy, gen. Xios: a lion. Per- 
haps allied to Xewy 

Xls, gen. Xtro*, ' 6: thin, fine 
clothes. — Atrl KaXv\pay 'E« ndbas ei: 
KefaXris,^^ Hom. 

XiVttos : worn out by rubbing. — 
H^'uce Aristoph. has viro-Xltrrrois ^rwy- 
^ibioicrir, on which Br. observes : * Sic 
remiges appellat, quia in transtris 
diu sedendo, crebroque inter remi- 
ganduni suceussu, nates eis detere- 

Xiffirai: dice cut in the middle 
and worn out by use, R. — Aia-xe- 
Trpitrfiivoi Kara rovs pivas yeyoyores, 
^airepXiawat, Plato. See above 

AcV<ro)uoe," XirrofAat, XtTOfiai, Xt- 
rayevioi I supplicate. — H. the Lt- 

Aitroos : smooth. — I doubt not 
that the ancients wrote it Xeioos^ 
which has a common origin with 
Xeios, Bl. But it seems properly 
formed fr. XiXiaaai pp. of X/w 

Alarpoy I an instrument for levcl- 

and ?pMj, J. fr. fyavos. The reason is not 

8 For paternal poverty is not mine, nor 
am I poor from my grandfathers. . 

9 rerhaps fr. \4\trai pp. of xUo. 

10 They covered him from head to foot 
with a tliin vest. 

11 Fr. \4\ur(Tai pp. of A.^. Properly, says 
TH., I make myself soft and submit myself 
by supplicating. Or fr. |^{(r(ro/Luu, I rpU^SalL: 
* ADvoLVTA pedibus.' 




ling, planing, polishing, pQvinp:» rub« 
bing. — ^Fr. \i\tarai pp. of Xiv, I 

Airarevti I See \la<rofiai 

Xirapyl^bf : I go with a quick step, 
Br. — A part of this word may be 
apyos, swift. El6' vkuis Xirapytovfjiey 
o*iKab'' is raj^wp/a,'* Aristoph. 

Airj): a prayer. — Fr. \iruf, wli. 
Xtro/Liai. See Xiaaojxai 

Xercis : See Xceros 

A/rpa: a pound. — Pollux has 
rightly^ judged it of Greek origin,'^ 
adopted by the Jews, and changed 
in Latin to libray Schl. 

AiTvovi a kind of rod or staff a 
little bent at the end. — * Dextr^ ma- 
ny baculum sine nodo aduncum te- 
nens, quern lituum appellaveruut,' 
Livy. Hence lituus, a clarion 

Aixavos : the fore-finger. — Fr. X^- 
Xio, I lick, L. Since it is the finger 
we put into dishes to taste them, St. 

A«xfta«, and -diSw : I lick, — Fr. 
\iXi)(jjai pp. of \l)((o 

Aixyos : one so fond of dainties 
that he licks his fingers or disheST, 
St. — Fr. Xi'xw 

Ai\j/, ifios, 6: the south wind, as 
appertaining to Libya, Also the south- 
west wind, Fac. And the south-west 

Xtxprovpia : a desire to make water. 
Sic interpretantur, says Bl. — Fr. 
Xiij/ia fut. of XiiTTu and oZpoy 

AJiit : See Xeios 

AojSos : the bottom of the ear. — 
Fr. Xo/3«=Xa/3a;. That part of the 
ear by which we Jay hold of it, L. 
Or by which we lay hold of any one, 

Aofios : a part of the liver. — ' Nor 
could the lobes of his rank liver 
swell To that prodigious mass for 
their eternal meal,* Drvden. ' A lobe 
is any fleshy protuberant part, as 
the lobts of the lungs, the lobes of 
the ears, &c.' £B. 

Xo^o%\ a pod or husk. Apparently, 
from its protuberating nature. See 
above. * Folliculus generatim 
accipitur pro omni eo quod TUROI- 
DUM est &c./ Fac. Irpoyyi/Xci-Xo- 

jSoff, having a round pod 

Aoyhi, aios i delectus, sehctus, 
electus, select, chosen. — Fr. XiXoya 
pm. of Xeyai 

Xoyas, abos : an eye. — -^lyh^ri b*' 
vaKii'dos €)(€t x/tpiv aW-OTTOs aiyXiff, 
*AXXa reijy Xoyabuv TroXXoy cupavpori* 
prjy,'^ Epigr. 

Aoyeloy : a place for speaking, a 
pulpit. Fr. XeXoya pm. of X^yv, I 

A(.yo5 : a thing said, word ; did' 
/oo'ue, discourse, treatise, oration, nar- 
rative ; a saying, proverb ; table, (as 
* fabula * fr. * for faris') report, com- 
memoration, renown, praise. Also, 
enumeration, reckoning, calculation; 
number; proportion, an a/o^^; power 
of calculating, of making just pro- 
portions, of combining, of judging 
or conjecturing ; reason, just order. 
Hence logic, sj/l-logism. Terms, 
conditions, as iy-be^afiiyou Toy Xoyoy, 
Herod. 'They thought the money 
was sent on this (Xdy^) account or 
for this purpose.' ' Make no (Xoyoy) 
account of the Athenians,* i. e. do 
not niind or regard them. Aoyoc is 
particularly applied to the studies 
of literature : as in the word pkilo- 
•logy. Aoyos has other senses which 
are explained by the context. — Fr. 
X^Xoya pm. of X^yai, I enumerate, 
count, say, &c. 

Aoyt^ofiai : I reckon, judge, think. 
— Fr. Xoyos 

Aoyifios, Xoyios: one of account 
or of good report, esteemed, cele- 
brated. — Fr. Xoyos 

Xoyioy : an oracular answer. — See 
Xdyos, Ti)y vflaov AtjXoy Kad^pas iic 
Tuiy Xoy/wr,'^ Herod. 

Aoyos : See after Xoyeloy 

Aoyxv ' {loncea=) lancea^ a lance, 
spear or its point. Perhaps allied to 

^^yX^ • * ^^^» portion,' — Fr. X^- 
Xoy)^o pm. of X€y;(w=Xdy;^w 

Aooi, Xoiu), Xovti), Xovi(a I I wash. 
'The ancients bathed before they 
dined. Hence Xoueadai meant, to 
live delicately ; and d-Xovros, il-lotus. 

12 Then (we must take care) to go home 14 And the Indian hyacinth (the gem) has 
to oar farms with quick step. tlie grace of a purple splendor, but much 

13 Salraasias has proved it was a minute weaker than your eyes. 

silver coin, not a heavy brass one. Hence it 16 Having purified the island of Delos ac- 

it fr* A4\iTat pp. of Xim, I rub, S. cording to the oracular responses. 




sordid and aDgentlemanly/ TH. — Fr« 
Xoa is ^ol. koFbff lavOf (wh. lavOy) 
supiDe latum. Fr. ^Xova is Lat. /no, 
as in diluo 

Aoififj : a libation. — Fr. XeXoijSa 
pm. oif Xeiflia 

Aoiyos : destruction, death. — ^A- 
pes^ "Apes, Pporo-Xo lyk, Horn., Mars^ 
Mars, tliou destruction of men 

Xoihopos : a reviler. — Aoilopias 
jj/evbeis efiol Xoibopovpevoi,^^ ^scbin. 
'O Xoibopwy yap, eav 6 Xoihopovfieyos 
M^ vpOff'TroiiJTai, Xoibopelrai Xoibo^ 
pwy,^"^ Philemon 

Xot/ios:'^ pestilence, pest. — Ai/jos, 
\oijji6s, Kai TToXefxos Xaov eltri Xoiyos,^^ 

Aoiiros: left, remaining. TaXonra, 
the rest, cetera. To Xoinov, the time 
remaining, after life. — Fr. XeXocTra 
pm. ofXelrrto 

Aditidoi, Xoiadios^ XoicrOrfios : last.— 
*AvtIXoxo5 b* apa ^ji) Xoiadrj'ioy eK^ipep* 
fie0Xov,*° Horn. 

Xo^os : oblique, not straight, dis- 
torted. — H, iuxo, I distort, TH. See 

Xollas, ov : Apollo. — Totoiffbe ircior- 
deU Ao^iov fxayrevfiaaiy,^ ^sch. From 
Xo^os. ' Either from the oblique 
course of the sun through the Zodiac ; 
or from the oblique emission of its 
rays ; or^ more probably, from the 
oblique and distorted answers made 
by the pri€;sts of Apollo,' TH. 

Aoiras, dbos, rj I a platter. — Kvyji- 
boy vvKTwp ras Xotrabat bia^X^ixwy,^ 

Aovls : a scale. See Xems 
. AoTTos : rind, peel, bark. — Fr. X<- 
Xowa pm. of X^n-of 

Xopbos: crooked. — "thrre fi^ bi" 
'etrrpa^dai liry ij rp, /i?/re Xopboy fiiiTE 
Kv^ov elva*,^ Hippocr. * Lord: a 

ludicrous title given by the vulgar to 
a hump-backed person; traced how- 
ever to Xopbos, crooked,' T. 

Xopbovfiai :^ See the note 

Aoiju : See Xueuf 

* Xo^i'is : a torch. — 1.cipKas kot- 
"aidwy Xo^vlaiy, Lycopbr. 

XoffiOi :5 the upper part of the neck 
of oxen, and of men ; the highest 
point; a hill or eminence (as Lat. 

* collis ' and * coUum ' are allied, 
TH.) ; a tuft on the head of birds ; 
crest of a helmet ; loftiness, pride. 
— 'H A&fia-)^ ijptas, Twy Xotpwy Kai rdy 
Xoybfv,^ Aristoph. Tax^ws Xafioyra 

TOVS X6')^OV5 Kal TOVS Xo0ovs, Id. 

Ao^os: a band of men lying in 
wait or LYING in ambush. This 
arose from the ancient mode of war- 
fare. Afterwards the word was em- 
ployed to denote a regular military 
band or cohort, of no certain num- 
ber. — Fr. XiXoxa pm. of X^x^> ^^* 

Aoxactf : I lie in ambush, way-lay. 
— Fr. X6)(os 

A6xtoi: appertaining to child- 
birth. — Fr. X^Xo^tt &c. See Xex/it 

A6)(jiri : ambush, ambuscade ; a 
place admitting of it, a thicket.-^ 
For Xoxifxri. See Xo^pt above 

Ao^of : See before Xoyvua 

Avaios: Lyasus, Bacchus. — Fr. 
Xvo), I loosen. As loosening from 
cares, &c. 

AvSia : I moan, sob. — From the 
sound, L. Compare fut. Xv^nt with 
Lat. iuxi fr. lugea 

Ajjybriy : by sobbing. — For Xi/jc^ijv 
fr. X^Xvjn-ai pp. of XvS(if, See cLvibrjv 

Avybos : a kind of white stone. — 

* Quae tam Candida, tarn serena lu- 
cet, Ut credas vacuam nitere iygdon^ 

16 Reviling me with false revilings. 4 ^o\ yhp fi6v(f 8i}\ovjuey* ^Ik6to»s, ivA 

17 For the reviler, if the reviled does not Kkvrolffi Zoofxarioiaiv *A<l>poliirris rp&Kcev Uei- 
assame or affect, is reviled by reviling. The pafi4yaun rrKtiaiov xapa-ffrareis' Aopdovfi^- 
meaning of frpo<nroirrrai is not certain. pay re aMfidroay hrt-ffrdrviv *0<p6a\fibv o&Sels 

18 ' Fr. \6<tt or Xoio), I hurt, were \oiyhs, rhy ahv i^-eipyu S6fJMy, Aristoph. Tibi quip- 
Xo^Ahs, KourdoSy Xoidopew,* Bl. pe uui aperimus consilia nostra ; merito ; si- 

19 Famine, pestilence, and war are the de- quidem in cubiculis nostris dam varias rei Ve- 
struction of a people. nereae schemas experiraiir, tu nobis ades, neque 

20 Antilochus indeed bore away the last quisquamexaedibusabigitoculumtuum, cris- 
prize. 8ANTIUM corporum inspectorem : Br. 

1 Persaaded by such responses of ApoHo 5 For \&kos fr. X^Aoira pm. of K4fta> ; for 
as these. the same reason as that by which Sipri is 

2 Licking the platters at night like a dog. formed fr. 94pa, S. 

3 So as not to be distorted either here or 6 hero Lamachus, O your crests and 
there, nor to be crooked nor hump-backed. your cohorts. 


Xiiyij, ijXuyi) : darkness, obscurity. 
— NvxO' uiro Xvya^q^', Ap. Rli. Aiyni 

AiJyf, '/till, : a /yR:r, a spotted 

'hvyK-oiiptov : a precious stone sup- 
posed to be a concretion arising from 
the URINE of the lynx.^ft. Xvyl 
and oipov 

Aiiyoi : a Iwig ; an osier-lHig, 
osier.— H. some derive ligo. Com- 
pare ' vimen ' fr. ' vieo ' I bind 

Auydw, liu '. I make to bend. — -Fr, 
\oyo^. From tite flexible nature cif 

the osier. "Epwrot iir apyoXiui cAu- 

ylx^lt,'' Tlieocr. 

Avypot : sad, mournful; causing 
sadness or wretclicdiiess. — Perliaps 
for Xuyepos fr. JXvyoj- a. 2. of XuCu 

AvhlSi^: I live eft'eminately like 
the Lt/dians 

Am, fut X&ow: I loosen, dis- 
solve, untie ; pay (a debt), as Lat. 
solvo (wh. Lat, ' /uo pcenas ') ; can- 
cel (an uhiigaiion or crime) ; resolve 
(a question); put anend to (bostility); 
disband (an army); &c, — SeeAtiuTos. 
Fr. pp. XiKvaai is para-lysis (wli. 
parahy, palsy), and ana-lysis ;* and 
fr. \Aw-a( is para-lylic 

XvEi r^Xi;, Xi/aireXcI, \iet : it pro- 
fits. — Properly, it pays toll or tri- 
bute. ^eB 0BV, (jipov'tlv C't itivuy, 
iv6a [1^ reXi) Aiiet ^pavouvri,' Soph. 

AiiSoi : See before Xvybrjv 

Auq : disaoluUon, sedition. — Fr, 

Xudpof. gore mixed with dust. — 
AI/iaTiKal Xiiflpy irewaXnyfie^'oc, Horn. 

Abkoi: llie sun, — H. lux, lucis, 

AvK&-0at, avTos : a ypar, — Fr. Xii- 
Kor, tbe sun, and /xii fr. I3fjin or /3r- 
0itfn. The space which tlie sun goes 
in its course 

AvraoyiaA : in the dialect of Ly- 

AiiKoci'° a wolf. — H. Lat. lupus 
Aweeiot: Apollo, as the God of 

the sun. — Fr. Xikoc, the sun 

Airi;c((i>': the Lycfum, a gymna.- 

sium of Alliens witliout llie city, 

adorned with a temple of Apollo, 

Sic. See above 

ead by poiof ul love. 



AvKi-irohet : the body-guard of 
kings. — Fr, \vtac and loSet, pedes. 
From their feet being covered with 
wolves' hide, Suid, They proba- 
bly wore the figure of the sun on 
tlieir greaves, J, 

AtlKoc: Ibesun. See after Xi^e^oK 
AiiKot ; a wolf. See before A^- 

\tiso-aitahlis : said of a spirited 
horse managed by a curb called M- 
•cos oT /units; fr. oiruai, J. ' Et pla- 
cido durus accipit ore lupoa,' Ovid 

Xvcii-Abis: llie ^ui or light of the 
XvKif or dawn. — See d/jyi-Xitij and 
XuKoi, the sun 

Xvi:-(>tfii'a : the same as Xukij-^wc. — 
Fr. v'^ai pp. of 5ttr« wh, iivro/tai 

Aiiia,aTni: fillh; impurity ; expia- 
tion. — Fr.XEXu^ai pp. oiXiim, I wash) 
a. verb not lobeccnfounded withX^ 
1 loosen. That which is purged amy 
by washing, TH. Auu is allied to 
Xi'ibi and Xovbi, and produced Lat. 
diluo, abluo, &c. S. 

Au/iij: filth, pollution; and me- 
taph. foul treatment, constupralion, 
violalion of person or properly,— Fr. 
XeXviiai pp. of Xvw : damnum quo 
res SOLVITCR, TH. But the deri- 
vation of Xu'/ii) as of Xvjia fr, Xuw, 1 
wash, seems preferable. See above 

AujTj) : grief, sorrow, trouble, — 
Fr. Xl,u,, L. ' My limbs Xiltro. Xu- 
;ri], are dissolved by grief,' Eurip. 
' Ipsam sgritudinem Xiirriv Chry- 
sippus, quasi solotionem toliuB 

Atpn: h/ra, a lyre 

Ai/picoi : applied to odes, ibc. as 
being adapted to the lyre 

Aiats : a loosening, &c. ; dissolu- 
tion of life, death.— Fr. XiXvaat pp. 

\vi7i-re\u : See XSf. 

Xiio-ffo : madness.— Perhaps allied 
to aXiaaai formed fr. aXvsai fut, of 
aXiiui, I wander ill mind. 'Yfiaiiivvr 
Tti \iiaaa Kal rii olmpoi aye<. Pint. 

Aiirpov ; price paid for release, 
ransom. — Fr. XeXurni pp. of Xvu 

Aii\vii(: a randie, lamp, &c. — 
For XinTDi fr. XijKos, light. ' Depen- 
dent lychni taquearibus aurcis,' Virg. 

doci no! profit Ijiia wlio is id. 

ID Ft. A^cos, light. P]injs«;s'ocnlwl>- 
po ipUndvie cl lucem joculiirii' %^^^^^^^H 

AH 169 

Hence ^. derives link and link-hoy 
Actf : for \aiti, I wish. See Xaia 
Awfiri : a cootumeiious injury or 
hurt. — Properly, a mutilation of the 
ears or extreme parts of the body. 
Fr. Xo/Sos/^ th€ extremity of the ear, 
L. Somewhat similarly fr. yaorrfp 
is yaarpi^M ; fr. ice^aX^ is K€<l>aXiSu}, 
I mutilate the head. ' Vultus trunci 
naribus auribusque/ Martial 

\»yayioy : an uncertain word In 
Lucian. See the note '^ 

Awtctfv, \^wv : more to be wished , 
more desirable, better. — Fr. \Cj 

Xcu^a, aros : a fringe, hem. — For 
Xao/ia'^ fr. Xaia. From the idea of 
taking or lading hold of, L. Kal 
vdlijfreis enrt ro Xwfjia rov vvo'Svrov 
Koriodey poiaicovs e( baKlyOov icac nop~ 
4fiipa%t^^ LXX. 

* AcDos : one of the Macedonian 


XStifoSf €os, Xuirrji a garment.— 
'Afifjt* &fAoiaiv ixovai' eh-epyia Xawriyy,'* 

Xonro'ivrris : a stealer of garments. 
Fr. Xwiros and hvu), £. explains it, o 
ra IfACLTiaavif-butoVfOne who STRIPS 
others of their garments. S. of one 
who PUTS ON the garments of ano- 
ther. * Among the ancients a cloth 
was laid at the bottom of the baths. 
These clothes thieves were often on 
the alert to steal,' TH. 

AStpov : the Lat. lorum 

Awros : the shrub lotus. It was 
used for musical pipes, and some- 
times means the pipe itself 

Xkf^aia : I ease, cause to rest ; am 
at rest, cease. — Generally derived 
fr. X6<pos, the neck of oxen. ' From 
the notion of oxen resting after the 
burdens are taken from their necks/ 


M*: 40. M^: 40,000 
Ma : a term of adjuration, by ; 
and generally negative. Ov /ua Zrjva, 
Horn., No by Jove. Ov jia rov Aia, oh 
fiky dj), Xen., No by Jove, no indeed 
fidyahts : a musical instrument, a 
pipe-. — Avhos re fiayabis avXos ijyet- 
aOw fiofis,^^ Athen. 

fi4iyyap<iv : perhaps for fxdyavoy 
fr. I/Liayov a. 2. of /xa^froi: A mortar 
for kneading, pounding, and mixing 
np various ingredients : hence ap- 
plied to enchantresses and magical 
tricks : T//v K/pci^v r^y ra ^dpfxaK* 
dya^Kviciiaay kqX fjiayyayeuovcav , A- 
ristoph. : Circe mixing up drugs aiid 
using tricks. Mdyyavoy is hence 
applied to any arts, tricks, or de- 
vices. Hence it is used for an art- 
ful contrivance ; as a war-machine : 
' Withouten stroke it mote be take 
Of trepeget or mengonell,* Chaucer. 
Also, a net, or any instrument of de- 
ll So Ku^s for mxphs ; &c. 

12 OJ0ovr9VToyl Ktd Xotydvtov Ktd rod $ohs 
rh fToXi-xrvxov iyKorou* Some read Xay ^uiov, 
the flesh of hares. Hes. explains XwyiiXioy 

13 So ic\fl0/Lia from icX(i». 

14 And yoa shall make on the hem of the 
under garment from below pomegranates of 

ceiving and taking. — Mang in Saxon 
is, to MIX ; and hence is mongrel. 
To ixdyyavoy is probably allied Lat. 
mango f one who by compositions of 
paint or by other arts sets off his 
slaves or any article of trade for sale* 
Mangian in Saxon is, to trade ; wh« 
monger^ cheese-monger, &c. Lastly, 
our verb, to mangle, is allied to the 
Ital. mangano, which Florio renders, 
says T., a kind of press to press 
buckram, &c., to make it have a 
lustre or gloss 

fjiayiciXla : See dwO'/jiayhaXla 
fidyeipos : a cook. — Fr. ^fiayoy a. 
2. of fidtrata. One who kneads or 
mixes. '£yc^ fiayeipos dprvffia ao" 
0wf,'7 Soph. 

fjiayis, ibos, fj : a kneading trough ; 
bread kneaded. — Fr. cfiayoy a. 2. of 


Mdyyrjs,^^ riro$, o : a magnet or 

h^raciuth and purple. 

16 Having about her shoulders a well* 
wrought garment. 

16 And let the Lydian pipe magadis begin 
or head tlie noise. 

17 I, a cook, will season wisely. 

18 From <the city of Map^esia in Lydia, 
where the stone b said to have, been first 


MAr i; 

Mayas', one of ihe magi or Per- 
sian sages, profeucdly acquaiatcd 
viilh divine and imtiiral subjects, 
and pBrtieiilarly ivilli astrology and 
medicine. It was afterwards applied 
to magicians and encliaoterB '" 

pabdui i' I lose my liair, am bald. 
— Ilpeff/Jurif* puircujirn, ku^j-, /lah^v- 
ra, v<ob6v,* Aristopli. 

HaSa : duugh, cake. — Fr. /laSia 
or fiiaaw, I knead, TH. Hence 
massa, a mass 

Ma5oi: a brcaal, teat. — Hence 
the A-maxont ' 

MafleV^Qvflw, /jQi-aSiiu: I learu. 
— Fr. pp. fifiiadijfiat are tlie mafke- 
matict, the learning or science, by 
way of eminence. ' Ask my friend 
lo recommend to you some meagre 
philo-maih' to teach you a little 
geometry,' Chesterfield 

MaTa : mother. ']ii yaia /loTa, 
^ch., O mother earth. Applied 
also lo an elderly woman by way of 

^(il(i :*a midwife; a nurse.— Mu7a, 

t/ij fi' fOiXcis SXiaat ; ci ii /i' Irpe^Et 
avTij Tji »^ ciri fi.aS^,'' Hom. 

Mncd, /laia : I move or am excited ; 
as in aulo-malon fr, pp. iie/iarai. 
But it generally implies, I move with 
strong excitement to an object, seek 
after or search for with intense ea- 
gerness, ardently desire 

Mai^uu : I desire eagerly. — By 
ledupl. for ^au 

Malaybpos ; the Mteander, a wirtd- 
ing river of Phtygia, Hence it is 
applied to any thing winding or wav- 
ing. Hence ' meandering %tie?inM' 

MaivTi : some small tish, as a pil- 
chard or minnow. — ' Mtenaque qure 
nondum primft defeceril orcj,' Pera. 

MoiVitf,' fut. navu: I drive to 
madness. Ma/i'o^ni, I am mad or 
furious.— H. mania, maniac. And 

la Some refer fiiyos lo iiiayav &t. See 

1 Allied lo fiuiUa, R. Peihapi from the 
notion of putridily. ' Putria is oFten Baid of 
things which arc casiJ; dissolvable or dia- 
solved, flaccid, soft, though not at all putrid,' 

2 Ad old m&D diitj, bent, balil, toothless. 

3 'ITiPj bunit off, it is said, their left breast 
to Atxvi the bow the belter, Mor. 

4 Psrhaps fr. lui&ii* ». 1- p. of niia. 
8 iover of IflMuing-. *i\A», I iova. 


Mtenades, the Furies 

* Mnipa : a dog 

Mat'ui : See after /iaia 

MuKop : happy, blessed. — -Ara^ 
aroKTuy, itamipui/ /jaxapraTe, ^sch, ; 
King of king«, happiest of the happy 

Makopiriji: a person dead and of 
a blessed memory. — Fr. jianap 

fiuKpot: long; large, great, op- 
posed lo jiicpot; tall; high; a long 
way off, distant. — Macpot'OXv/iToi, 
Hom. ' Tliere is a strict analogy 
between the macrocosm" and the 
micro-cosm,'° the world and man,' 

fiaKe&i'ot '. long. — For fiaKpeivos, of 
fr. fiuKoi, Icnglh, wh. fiatp6i 

MaKtXciay, fiaeeXXov: the sbaio- 
bles. — ' Ek omui posita est laslrutta 
tnacello Ccena tihi,' Martial 

HaalOuL, fiaKi\tj : a spafie.— XaX- 
«eip« (iaBu- T&fov *i-tXiixai«iv 'E»- 
avuivios fiBKiki^aiv," Ap. Kb. X^l 
finKeWay ^-xaiv, Horn, 

lioxiaTiipi long, prolix. — Fr./«a«n'* 
wh.^iaKpos. In jEsch.Suppt. 'Hkomo 
fiaKtuTtipa naphias \6yov, Stanley 
wislies paiTTiiiT^pa. And tnilj BMUC 
emendation seems necessary * 

^anKoau, ftaaodni : I am uUyr— 

Some derive it from Macco, a fooliih 
woman, as axKiSoftat from Acco, 
Others fr. iii) (or fiar^f) JCoavssjwiu 

litiKpis: \onii. See before /laKcfiiM 

Matrpn: a kneading trough. — Fr. 
^t/ioKrai pp. of pA/raia. See fiaia 

MA\a: very, much.— Heoce froA- 
Xov, more. tiXovs k&ti fiaXXov i fi- 
Xotii,'^ Eurip. "En ^oXXov xai iidX- 
Xor, NT., Yet more and more 

MdXnKDs : soft, tender, gentle, pla- 
cid, calm : languid in body, infirm ; 
remiss, inactive. — Hence Lat. mo/a- 
cia, a calm at sea : ' Tants subito 
tnalacia ac tranquillilas exlilit, ut se 
loco movere non possent,' Cxsar. 

G Fr. iiim, I enquire, am sedulous, L. 

7 Nurse, ■^li'j do you nish to destroj nt:i 
foil aouiishei) me yuunelf on your breuC 

8 Fi. /uU. i3 f alvm &. <pif», fiaW fr. Pim. 

9 The great world ; Fr. Kianou 

10 The little world. 

11 They rapidly dug the deqi ditch villi 
rasen spades. 

12 ' Of tliii word I can iletermine nolhioi; 
icent that it cannot cotne Iroro uituirm,' 

IS Fiknds and still u 




And malacis80 in Plautiis : ' Ah ni- 
mium ferus es ; malMciuanduM es' 

M^akaaaa, {w : I make soft, make 
infirm. — Allied to ftoKaKos 

MaXaxf? : maha, mallows* — Fr« 
fiofcdXaxa p. of fAaX&tram. * From its 
SOFTENING the bowels/ PllD. 

MaXep^s : burning, melting. Tpoiff 
fioXepf mtpi irficra Aaco/u^i^,'^ Horn, 
It is applied also to melting songs, 
and melting desire. — ^There was pro- 
bably an ancient word /ioXiy, fire, 
boiling water, or something similar; 
wb. /idXepof and fiaXatrtthf, I soften 
bj boiling, Bl. 

fioXil : the arm-pit, ala.— Perhaps 
for fAatryAXrt, S. As * ala ' for * axil- 
la.* Sk^om inr6 fjiaXrfs l^ovra9^ Xen, 
MaXdaicos: =/LiaXarof 
MaXOatrcFw : =fiaXA(rina 
M&XOa : * wax, but particularly 
vm% softened,' Galen. — Abbreviated 
fr. fAoXO^ffffw. Ti)v fiaXdav ^k r&p 
ypafiftareltty itrdiofy,^^ Aristoph. 
fM&Xiov : hair, the same as iia\X6s 
MaXiara: mostly, most of all, 
chiefly. By all means, yes. So * mi- 
nimi* is, by no means, no. — Superl. 
€3ff fioKa 

fi6\K7i : a numbness of the hands 
from cold. — Perhaps for fiaX&Krf, L. 
A languor of the hand. See /uaXaic($s. 
*Ey fraXafjiricriv A-epyot MaXicac,'^ Nl- 

MfiXXov: See fi&Xa 
fiaXXos : fieece, wool, woolly hair, 
hair. — * MaXaro^ implies such soft- 
ness as that of wool ; for fiaXoi or 
fiaXXds is wool,' TH. Some compare 
Lat. tnollis 

MaXdfiaBpoy : a kind of sweet- 
scented leaf. — * Coronatus nitentes 
Mahhatkro Syrio capillos,' Hor. 

joLAiaepros : Mars.— *H Ma/jieprot fj 
rl xpj) icaXetv Top al/xo-0i^ocs earctfti- 
fityor /kS^o"**' Lycophr. 

fi&fiepaa : Minerva, the goddess of 
war.— See Ma/uepros 

Mdfifia, fiafififi : mamma, mother ; 
a grandmother 

* Maft^&KvBes : some silly fellow 
Maftfidy : the cry of a child de« 
siring its mother, or the breiist. See 

Mafifjuayds I Mammon, the God of 

Mav, fiapva : manna 
fiay : the same as /i^v 
fiaybaXwToy: osculum hujusmodi 
ut osculantes suas invicem linguas 
lingaut. Hinc dicitur de qu&vis re 
admoduni deliciosa: *[it i/hv to uiXos 
ical Kar-eyX^TTiOnivoy Kal /lai^caXai- 
Tov, Aristoph. 

fi&ybpa : a stall, fold ; cave, den. 
— L. compares Lat. mando, ere. 
Comp. rawrtf, kciti}. * Madrigal is 
fr. mandra Lat. ; anciently man- 
driale^ a pastoral song,' T. : * Waters 
by whose falls Birds sing melodious 
madrigals,' Shaksp. X^c iikv fidy" 
bpai, Ktpeai hi fwi avXus ff^ Terpa* 
-TcJ^wv,'* Calliro. *Av'4fin Xkiay iK 
rffs fidpbpas aurov,'^ IJSX, 

Maybpaydpas :^ the herb man' 
dragora or mandrake 

Mayifias: a military cloak. — H. 
mantua (for mandua) and mantle, T. 
Mayijs : a servant*s name. — 'AXXa 
TovTo y* o1,Kab\ A Mayff, ^pe,* Ari- 

Mayddytt : See fiaOita 
Mayla : a female servant's name. — 
See fiayfjs 

Mayla : mania, madness. -<-> See 

Mayidmis : a bracelet, MANICA ; 
a necklace. — Fr. fiayos or the Lat. 
manus, St. 

MayiifXa : the Lat. manipuU 
Mayya : manna 

fxayvapioy : goody, aunty. — Possi- 
bly the same as yayyapioyfr, yavva, 
an aunt. * Some refer nun to ydyyii 
and to the Ital. nonna, aunt or 
grandmother, applied by way of 
honorably distinguishing the religious 
women,' T. f^al fiayyApioy, Luc 

M&yyos, fjidyos: a bracelet or neck- 
lace. — See fiayiamis 

14 The whole of Troy being biimt with 
meltmg fire. 

15 Eating the wax off the registers. 

16 Inacti?e nambneMesin the palms of the 

17 Mamertas or wliatever he should be 
called who feasts on blood-stained battles. 

18 Widowed are the folds, and en4>ty now 
of quadrupeds are my stalls. 

10 The lion has ascended firom his den. 

20 Fr. fiMpa and iyopa pm. oi kyipof. 
Causing sleep ; causing shepherds to gather 
their flocks to their fcdds, J* 

1 But take tbit home, Maoea. 

MAN 17 

fiavos: tllill, rare, — Tn iievnvKvA 
rnJ j3apia, ra hi [lava Kai KoC^a,* 
Plalo, Hence S. derives manes, liic 
sliades. Ovid calls llieiii ' UDues 
aDJiDfC ' 

MaiTiXi) : tiie Lai, manlik, a 

Mqjtis, etus: a pvopliel. — Fr. 
fitftayrni |ip. of /laiybi. Furv was 
considered as a mark of propiiclical 
inspiraliou, L. From /lavreia, pro- 
pliecy, is itecre-mancy.^ 

fiao^ai, fiaio/xai: 1 liandle, tuucli. 
'EXkos 6' I'ljr^p CTii-fiAaerai,* Horn. 'lU 
fipo piy 1^ flirt) piiflif eir-c/idoar' 'A- 
dl/rii,^ Id. Some read erroneously 
iiri-fiaao€Tat and t'lr-E/^frcnir 

2 51AP 

Mi'ipyapDi' : a pearl. — * Gignit et 
oceanus mttrgarita,' Tacil. ' Like to 
a marchaunt that aekelli gode mar- 
gmitis; Wicliliffe. Hence Marga- 
ret, ilie proper name, N. 

fiapyos : mad ; furious. ' !t is 
chiefly ^ai<l of furious desires,' TH. 
— Mo7a ^iXi), iiapytjv ee Oeol Beaay, 
DiTf iiByayTUt "A-ijipova noiijirai sat 
i-rl-ippora jrfp fiaX' Eorra," Horn. 
raarpi-ftapyos, liaving a furious belly. 


to I 

'Iffitroi [la-rrifi 
£(ii,^ Hesiod 

MApaybot,' aftapayhos ; imarag- 
diu, French imeraude, Engl, eme ■ 

fi6payya , fiapuira : a whip, scourge. 
— Mapayva ye Miyei at bpuPTa 
TOiAb',^ JKhesus. din-XiJs fiapuyriis 
houjros, /Esch. ' From the Shanscreet 
mar, to strike ; wh, /lapq, the baiid ; 
and fiapvaftai,' 3, 

i MapaOpuy : fenuel 

/jupaiyii : see ^apayi'd 

Mapalyu : I make lo fade or wi- 
llier. — Fr. pp. ficfiapavrai is a-ma- 
ranth ^ 

Mopao/ioi : a withering,— Fr. ;ie- 

liApaa/iai pp. of iiopaSai=^fJiapalvio. 

' Pining atrophy, Maratmus and 
wide-wasling pestilence,' Milton 

fiapavyiu : applied to the eyes 
dazzled. — 'Efrrt ie xai ffpiiiiara 
XuiTJipa Ttj oipei, npiis a yiyerni td 
""T'X^'""'" ''"' fiapavytiy,'° Plut. 
'O-pOaKfiiis fiapavyti i,'al a-TOrei, 

-2 Some tliick uad heavv, others tliin aod 

3 Fr. yiKpis, deai. The art a! revealing 
future events by commaniculion witli the 


6 Tliew desiring (a Beiie, and tiioae tie- 
siring to avoid ihem. 

7 Fr. tjdpit, vh. liaifi€t, fLopfi/ttpee, S, 
a A scourge kwuIs jou neting so. 

An imaginsry flower, whiffh never fndea. 
10 There arc coJom painful M the Ugflf^ 
"bich coafiiaiii oaA daulsi . |^UB n^j 

fti'ipii: the hand, — See Eh-fxttpw 
M.aptayhvooi : tlie Mariandjfnti, 
a people bordering on Puphlagonia. 
Their tamentallons, the object of 
which is differently represented, were 
proverbial.'^ Mupiavbayov dpijVTjrn- 

fiaplKii: embers.— Fr. [/iiifii»=l 
fiaipai, [whence fiupitalpiu'], G. A 
spark of tire. See llie passage quo- 
ted on XlipKOC 

* Mopic, euF, o: a liquid measure 

Map/iaipiii : I shine,— H. ^upjta- 
pof, miirmor, marble 

Mapiuipvyi): sjJeudor. — See d;ja- 

liaprafini: I fight. — Fr. ^apij, llw 
baud. Manus consero, Muprayra 
TpwD-iv re irni'EicTDpi,'^ Horn. 

fiapTTTu, i^u) : I seize with the 
hand. — Fr. /jiipq, the hand 

Mi'ipfTuirai : a purse, — ' Nummi 
octingenti aurei in marsupio iafue- 
runt,' Plaut. 

Miiprup,'* IxapTvs, vpos : a witness. 
—Hence Ibc martyrs, who died iu 
TESTIMONY of tlie Christian faith 

Marrdo/iiii, ^no-mio/ioi :'^ 1 chew, 

champ, bite. — Allied are fiaoTiia 
aud fiaaTt^Avj, wh. masticate. Fr, 
pp, fif/iaaoTiTai are the masKtert: 
' Une wonderful pair of muscles is 

II Deal 

12 ' Aethe llelols at LacedtrmDn, so were 
■be PeneBtK amoug the Thee saliani, the Cil- 
licyrianB in Crete, the MariandjneB M tie- 
laclea of Pontus, and the Arottte at Syratuje,' 

13 Thej fought with the Trojans and »itb 

14 Fr. ni/tofnai pp. of pftpa, tliai^emo, 
dirimo, Vli. From fHpti, I Uy tiuld of, L. 
From fiipti- For witnesses nnciently wiOiess- 
■tfi witli uplifted haods. Dm. 

-Jl,5 TU. refers it to jkIim 




railed the masseteric which are in- 
serted into this lower mandible, and 
so iible to move it upward ; to the 
right, to the left; forward, back- 
ward and round about ; and so per- 
form mastication^' Smith 

IA6LaQ\rit\ * pellis confecta et sub- 
acta/ Br., hide well pounded. Ap- 
plied by Aristoph. (as the Schol. ex- 
plains it,) to one who is /ic/iaXay/i^- 
vos rac kv'Tpi(iri$ rats Tovripiats, bat- 
tered and well- stricken in villainy : 
M<i(rdXf7f, cipiiiv, yXoios, ii\aS(ay, 
which Br. translates, ' subactus, si- 
mulator, lubricus, arrogans.' L. de- 
rives it fr. ii6.(Tit)=ifjia(rafa 

'M.aados : There wenf:four ways of 
writing this one word in different 
dialects : fxaaros, fxatrOos, fiaabos, fjia- 
Sos, Vk» Z. expresses ah, M. See 

Mdffaw, {ci> : I knead, make into a 
solid substance. — H. massa^ mass. 
M./t^ayres fiaias, Plato 

fidtraia, (oi : I rub, wipe off, wipe. 
— Fr, pp. /xefAaKrai is '^eipd'fjiaKTpop, 
a towel for wiping the bands. 'Atto- 
'liaacrofieda vfuv tov KOPioprov,^^ NT. 

fiaoffwy : greater. See itreoy 

Ma<rr&Sia: I masticate 

fiatna^f axos, ^ : food masticated. 
The instrument of mastication, the 
jaw. It is, apparently needlessly, 
sometimes translated the mouth 

MatrrapvStii : I compress my lips, 
like a child when drawing the breast 
(jjLatnoy) with its mouth 

Macrrevbi, fiarevia : I desire ; seek 
for eagerly. — Fr. fiifiaffrai and fii- 
fiurai pp. of fidia 

MaOT-f{, yos, 4 : a whip, scourge. 
— Hence fiaonylas, a fellow deserv- 
ing the whip : * Non manum absti- 
nes, mastigia?* Ter. Zoilus was 
called ^Oinripo^fjidaTil, from his cen- 
sures of the poems of Homer 

Matmx^ia : I masticate 

Mf or/xi : mastich, a gum 

Macrroff : See ftaaOos 

fiaarptawos, fiatrrpovos : a pimp, 
bawd ; enticer. — * Fr, fA^fxaorai pp. 
of flaw, I seek. Indagator captura- 

16 We rub or wipe off the dust upon yott. 

17 As to the coverings of the bead, and 
as to the belts about the loins and armpits, 
tbey are adorned with gold. 

18 Seeing they saw m vain, hearing they 

rum venerearum,' S. ' Boni venafD- 
ris est indaganter quamplurimas 
feras capere,' Columella. Tas fiaa^ 
Tpoirovs TCLS eidiafiiyas wpo-ayiayeiie ty 
rat iXevd^pas yvracicas, Athen. 

fjLatrrpvXKri, fAaTpvKkri I the same as 

fiaffxoXri : an armpit. — Henee 
/laffxaXcoT^p, a belt about the ^or 
tr)(6Xri, "Ocra hk vepl Kci^aX^y xal 
SiaoTflpas Kai /lao^aXior^fpaf, ypvaf 
Kotrfiioyrai,^'' Herod. It is perhaps 
for fiayaXfj, fr. ftifxaxa p. of ftw, 
from the idea of the motion of the 

Mdrriy : with too great eagemeflfi 
and desire, rashly, in vain. — Fr. fii^ 
fiarai pp. of /iduf, l^Xi7^oyres I^Xc- 
iroy fA&Triy^ KXvorres ohic ^kovof,** 

MdraioB I fruitless, vain, S6e 

Mardia : I delay. — Fr. ndrriy. I. e. 
I pass the time vainly and to no ef- 

Marevo^ : See fxaffrevtit 
Mdrrfy : See before fidraios 
fjiaTpvWrf : See fjLaarpvWri 
MaTTva: a dainty dish. — Perhaps 
fr. fidrrw^sfidatrbf, A dish of things 
well beaten together. Hence fiaTTvo^ 

-Xocxo«» (fr- X^Xocxa pm. of Xe/x«») • 
licker of dainties. ' Inter quadru- 
pedes mattya prima lepus/ Mar- 

Mavpdoi : I obscure. — See afjiavp6s 

fjaxaipa: a sword, short sword; 
knife. — Fr. fJidyt^ wh. fidxofiai. An 
instrument to fight with. Yldyres oi 
Xafiorres fAd\aipay ky fxax^^p^ ^V" 
-oXoi/vrac,'* NT. 

^a^Xos : incontinent, libidinous, 
impetuous. Ma^Xos h&yhpas, Epigr. 
MaxXorarai bk yvyaiKcs, Hesiod. It 
is applied by iEsch. to Mars. — Per- 
haps for fiaxXos fr. /i^/iaica p. of 
yuabi, I rush impetuously 

M^xo/iac, ftax^ofiai : I fight, com- 
bat; dispute. — Fiyayro-fiaxia, The 
battle of the giants, loi fidx^i koI 
AA/xaxot,*° Aristoph. Heuce logO" 
*ma4ihy, a fight of words 

heard not. 

19 All who take the sword shall perish by 
the sword. 

20 In a jocose allusion, to tb^ C9nimandec 




ft&il' : in vain. — Alaxpiii/ yap riSi 
y' fori, Maij/ oBtu roiucie roffdi^e n 
Xaov 'Axotw'' "A-rpijiTtii' rdKefioy no- 
Ae/.f!=«^■ Hoin. 

Mdu: Seeafwr/iiaia. See fit'iofini 

Mcyn/pti : 1 envy ; refuse, as, ' Do oini 
not envy me this.'— Hence the fury ordi 
Megara ; 'from Ihecnvyaiid bale logeiln 
she excites among men,' Mor. 

Miyados, /liytOoi, tot: grcatuesa. 
— Fr. fieyai 

MeyaXttos: ^reat, niRgaus; inag- 
nificenl. — Fr. fiiyaXcs 

MiyaXos'. See [leyas 

McynXui'iu: I magnify, exlol; 
make great. — Fr, fi^yaXos 

Miyapov: a house, dweiliiig-place. 
— Ai i' loap ir jjfyapoiri,' Ilom. 'Ai^ 
irw ^> fAiyapov Trarpbi, Id. 

MEFAS, neul. /jiya, fern. /leyoX^ 
from /ityaXoi: greal. — Hence O- 
-niega,' great O, And ihe Liidi 
Megaknses, or great games. Mag- 
nus appears to be allied 

Miyedos : See /liyaBas 

yieyiarayts : great men, magna- 
tes. — Fr, ^^■/(iTTOt *aupcrl. oi fifyas 

Miiiii, /jthiui : I superintend, rule, 
— Hence Medon, the Athenian 
arcbon. 'Apyeluiv iiyiiTopti ijhi fii- 
bovres,' Horn. 

Mitiftvos: a dry measure. — TH. 
supposes it allied to some verb /libbi, 
whose pra. /ie/io*a gave ntodius.' 

• Umv£ 

3 from 

a dot 

singatis sex modti triiici darentui 
qni modus mensurte medimnus Alln 
nis appellalur,' Nepos 

M^io/iai : I superintend, h; 
undertake the care ur direction ot, 
give my thoughts to. See iiiiat be- 
fore fiihiiAvos. Hence perhaps tne- 
dear and medecina. Also, I tnedi- 
tate, plot. Kara 6^ Tpueo-o-i fuhi- 
ffffiji',' Horn. 

fiiSos, eos : genitalia.— A /liaas, 
ul videlur 

Mia«y: greater.— See <iaffov 

META, fieT-. ficd'z The general 

sense seems that of accDtnpsnJfn^^ 
or closely following. Thua method 
(/lid-ohot, melktidtis, fr. ibds, a way) 
is explained, the arrangement rf 
things BO Ihal they go one wilh llic 
e afler ihe other in a just 
leries. Mern then is, wilh, 
th, at the same time with, 
of Ihe same side or parly with ; and 
after, next lo, behind. It can atan 
admit the sense of, just liefore.' 
Again: to do any thing wilh art, 
expresses the mode : to hold a rud- 
der wilh the hands, expresses the 
instrument. Mcra expresses mode 
and instrument. To sit down with a 
company, implies silting among I hem, 
and may imply sitting between them. 
Merit expresses among and between. 
So in a metaphorical sense, la have 
business (lifTu) belneeii the hands; 
i. e. to be employed about it. Again: 
to go after a person, is to go for or in 
search of him; and implies goiog 
towards him or lo him. Mcro is, 
far, in search of, towards, to 

fieri : OBre vwctoi aire fieff titii- 
pav. Neither at night nor iu the day ; 
i. e. by or with the day. Mcra rpj- 
rijv iV^pac, on the third day 

Mera in composilion often signi- 
fies change, as in meta-morphose. 
Change may imply reverse : lienee 
fifiTo. sometimes expresses the reverse 
of ihe aclion implied by the verb lo 
which it is prefixed 

y\iOv: strong unlempered drink. 
— Hence /lEfliiiu, 1 am drunk. From 
or pp. fttfiiBvaTai is a-tnethyst.^ Fr. 
^eSuw J, derives meluo : ' foe to be 
intoxicated by Bacchus was In be 
inspired by dread and horror.' 'Ohc 
recenti mens trepidat METtr, Pleiio- 
fjiie liacchi,' &c., Hor. 

Mc0i) : drunkenness.— Fr. /liOv 

MeQ-lttiii: re-railto, o-mitlo, per- 
-mitto, di-millo, I remit, relax ; 
shrink from, abandon; umit^ per- 
mit; dismiss. — Fr. iij^«, Mcra seems 

6 Some derive ' modiuB ' from the He- 

iu viun war an unfinished war. 7 They nieditstea evils on the Trojnns, 

a They weH from the liouso, B Thm Mto fitri toC yuiird^vrecu iXtt- 

3 It alioald rather lime licen called' oma- ifwiro, Tliacyd. 

CTon,' long a. 9 This stone, when worn on llie finger, 

4 Schl. liuppoBes it « Per»nn »oni. used to Iw thought a piesftvsnTe lOAingr 
" ""^taidenaBdratwiBltte ArRivw- mPKxiuwMs, Mor. 

UEB 175 

here primarily to reverse the meaii- 
iog of cfl|/ii. I send: I stay from 

Med'rj/jiwv: one who remits his 
courage, a coward. — Fr. rjfuii pp. of 
^«#, I send. See above 

MiO'obos : See fjiera above 

Me^ : See before fxiOri 
. fUi^aytayiia : Kac yap roKavr^ fiov-^ 
9iKri craO/iiiireTat* Ti hi ; fietaytay^* 
O0V91 T^v Tpay^hiav ; Aristopb., For 
the musical art will be weighed in a 
scale. What? and will they weigh 
tragedy also ? ' ^€ioy was a ewe of- 
fered to Diana at the Apaturia. 
M«c-ay(tfy^ctfy I weigh this offering/ 
J. See 6,yta 

MccSdw, fiffi^iabi: I smile mildly. 
< — ^iXo'ftjjLeibris *A<l^biTri, Horn., Ve- 
nus loving smiles. Melhritrev he warijp 
artpAy re OeHv re,^^ Id. 

MelSbtv : greater. See iaaov 

/le/AiFos: asiien. — For fxiXivos fr. 
/LieXia, ash 

MecXcvos : honied, sweet. — For 
fitXivos fr. fiiXi, mel 

MffiX/crarctf: I soothe with HONIED 
words, I soothe, conciliate. — For 
fieXiaaia fr. ft^i, me/ 

MetAiov: a present by which I 
soothe another.— See above 

Mtiiav : less, opposed to fieiSmvm 
Perhaps fr. fAtlet^^fUtit, which see 

Metov-eKriu: I have less than 
others of property, rank &c., am 
poor, inferior, &c. — Fr. fieloy neuter 
oi fieiutp and I^Krai pp. of i^^ 

Meidiii : I lessen, extenuate, de- 
grade, <&c. — Allied to fjieitav. * The 
words are a meiosis, and import 
much more than they express,' South 

Melftai, aKo$ : a younp^ man or 
damsel. Mccpaiciov, says TH., is one 
who has attained the age of 14 or 
16. — For ifieipai,^^ fr. i/ie/fSM wh. 
tfiepos. One of the age which excites 
desire, EM. 

M^w, (Alt. fiepS) and juipw: I 
diTtdf, distribute; distribute to each 

10 The Father of Gods and men smiled. 

11 As vipBw for %v€pB^Vt KeTvos for inu- 

12 This is better perhaps supposed to he 
put for ' medi-dies ' £r. ' medius.' 

13 Fr. x^^* l>iie. QuincY says that it is a 
disease supposed to proceed from a redun- 
dancy of BLACK BILE ; hot that it is hotter 
known to arise from too hedvy and too viscid 


his share or lot. Mtipofiai, I receive 
as my division or part, possess.--^ 
' Hygate made the meare thereof by 
west,' Spenser. Hence some derive 
meri'dies:^^ and mer««, divided from 
others, separate, alone : ' Nihil nisi 
spem meram,* Ter., Nothing but 
mere, solitary hope 

fich : i£olic form of fitly or ftrjy, 
a month 

Meliay : See after fielXuty 

MiXaSf aiya, aw : black .^—H. me- 
lancholi//^ or black bile 

/jieXdy-xeifna, uyi hollow -places, 
where the snow has melted. So 
called, says Pollux, as being the 
only places black, whereas the rest 
of the country is white with the 
SNOW. — For fieXay-xeifxa^ See x^^*^ 

fieXay-xf/ios : clothed in black. — 
XlfMOi^'^ was perhaps allied to x<^^» 
and formed fr. xix^fiai, as xit^ fi^ 
Kix^rai, pp. of some verb x^** 

fiiXa^y : a house. But it is used 
also of the beam or roof of a house : 
*A\pafi4vjl (^6xoy h(f iyj/^Xoto /tieXa- 
Opov,^^ Horn. And it is supposed to 
have meant originally the middle 
beam of the house, as black with 
smoke, and to be derived fr. /ulXas. 
Homer has aldaXoevros Aya fteyapoi^ 
fiiXaSpoy^^^ and Virgil : * AssiduA 
postes fuligine NIGRI' 

MiXay, ayos: ink. — - Neuter of 

MiXas : See before fteXd^eefia 

MeXafffios : a black spot or mole# 
— Allied to ftiXos 

MiXbta: I liquefy. — Com p. melt 

MiXei : curse est, it is a care, it 
concerns. — Hence MeUbmuB in Vir- 
gil, i. e. ^ nkXti fio&y, one to whom 
oKen are an object of care 

MeXc^a/vw: I care of or for.— - 
Allied to fiiXei ' 

fAiXedpoy : a fetter, a rope for bind- 
ing the fiiXea or limbs, Scap. * 

M Act : See after fjtiXbu 

fiiXios : indolent, eic-XeKvfjiiyos Tk 


14 The termination of x<A^^ ^^ S^x^A^' 
seems to have a different meaning. And E. 
is of opinion that x^f"^ ^ "^ mere termina- 
tion m ijLt\dyxtp>os. But even terminations 
are not formed without a reason. 

15 Having hung a rope from a high beam, 
or from the high roof. 

16 On the roof of the sooty house. 

MEA 17 

fiihjt Schol. Horn., diasolveU as to 
tlie limbs, ro7i ^(Xe^i ^aroioi, 

fiiXtos : weak, vain, ineffectual. — 
'HftSfiorov aWiiXun-, fii\c6v t' ^/Ktitri- 
aav Afupa,''' Horn, See above 

M^Xeoi: wretched. — 'H /xiX^ai 
fieXiuv li&Tfpei," Eiirip. 

MeXeratf : I give carc or Blteiitlan 
to any tiling.— Fr. fiikei 

MiXrifia, arm: care, concern, — 
Fr, jifjti\^fiai pp. of fteXfai. See 

Mt\i, iTos : met, Iioney 

fie\(a: ao ash ; aa ashen spear, 
— ^i}yay re nt\it)v re, Horn. IlifXoi 
llriKiaha. fivMnv,-^ U. 

MeXoi,*" (01 : a song or verse. — 
H. melot, mel-ody 

fiiXas, EOf : aiimb.— Kari 5' lifiuit 
'Epptey iK fieMiav,' Horn. "Ywvos \v- 
oi-^tX-lt,* Id. 

fieXlSu : I sing songs. Also, I ciil 
limb by limb or piece-meal. — Fr. 

MfM-Xuros : (he plant tadilot. 
That is, I he houieil lolus 
fMcXiVq: the herb pannic 
MfiKtaaa : a bee.— Fr. ,ii\i 
tAiXiaaai : prieslessea of Ceres or 
tiny other Goddess. So Pindar calls 
the Pythian priestess fiiXtiraa dcX^i- 
Ktj. Tliey were so called from itie 
chaalenesa and elegant neatness of 
bees. That a bee leads a cljaste life, 
is an observation of ;Elian. So 
souls from the purity of Iheir na- 
ture were called not only ni/i^ai, 
nymphs, but iiiXi^aai, TH. 

MeX/reia ; the lionieil plant, balni, 
or something similar. — Fr. jiiXt, tros 
Me'XXu : I am going to do or to 
be. To fiWor, the time which is go- 
ing to be, futurity. MrXXii-yn^oi, 
one who is going to be married. T^>' 

haps allied In fiiXei. 1. 
band or meditate any thing 

MiWo,, fieXXiu : I iini long in 
what 1 am going to do, delav, loiter, 

1 T Tlie J misSHd each otlier, and botli fl ^ng 
leir darts inefTocluldly. 

18 wretched motiiBrii of wrMcbed men. 

19 To brandiati an aiben Bpeiir cut Erotn 
Mount Pelion. 

20 Fr./i^M;on account of its sweetnpss, ,1. 
' 1 The urcat laa down from the lunhs. 


— See above 

MfXX-ei'pei-et : those who are go- 
ing to he £<>£!'« 

RltXoi: See after ^(Xi'a 

MeX™.-D^ai: 1 sing.— Fr. ,iiX<w, 
Hence Melpomene: ' Prwcipe lugn- 
bres Cantus, Melpomene,' Hot. 

/ii\u : I am an object of care or 
concern. See fiiXei'. EI/j' 'Obvatis, 

us ^utrt io\oiai 'Aydpunr"trrt fii:X<ii, Kni 
fiiv kMos ovpayiiy Ixti,^ Homer. Mt- 
Xo^ai, I have a {Are for 

McX-y6as; one who sings songs. 
— Fr. fiiKos and &iiii, I sing. From 
fieX-^bla is melody 

M^fi/3Xerai, fUfiflXfirBe are formed 
fr. iif/ii\tirai, ficftiXriaOf, B stands 
in the place of £, wliicU is lost in 
the rapid pronunciation. Su A in 
avipus fur &iipos, M. Mr/ie\r}Tai h 
the pp. of /icXiu formed fr. uiXti, 
Was cared for 

/le/J^^lilKa : for ^e^dXijKa p. of 
/loX^id, M. Here fl U in the pti><;e of 
0, as it is in fiiuPKerai in llie place of 
f. But it is not easy to account fur 
the u in ^ijijiXwta. As /9o^^u is 
changed to ^pdia, naKia might be 
changed to /iXoui, perfect /li/iXuxa 
and for euphony fie/iliXoisa 

Me/i^pAya : the Lat. mriabrana, 

fit/ifipas, n&os : a kind of small 
lish. — -'He fiev ibriJTul rit optfius, fitft- 
jipnbas ii fiii 6i\p, &(;, Aristoph. 

Mi/j^Xe: it has been a care. — For 
lie/teXifse fr, /icXiio, Dm. Others take 
it for the pm. of /leXei, liut ihus it 
should be /iie;uoXe, as XiXnyf fr. Xiyu 

fiifn'ofiai: i remember. — Fr. fiifitu 
for /lEpei'iu for /jEfui, (as irifyie fur 
^re^Efw for (f-cym) fr. fiit-oi, mens. I.e. 
I pul myself or am pul in mind, 
The Lat. memini seems allied 

fiifi^ount: I blame, reprove. — 
Mifyj/iy hiKaiay nifupofiai,* Aristoph. 
Kni /jcfii^iifiai bit, f^fjuiiiai, vadiiv 
Tiibe, Eurip. 

MEN, t^tvl: imleed. J. su^tposes 
it to be allied tu ufil/y, amen, verily. 
It is perpetually opposed to it, and 

2 Sleep tlie diasulver of the limbs. 

S 1 am UljBtes.ivha sm ui object of inler- 

peres Horace: ' puellis InJidM CDnm qos- 
lendi singula' fire. ^^^^ 

4 I blame wilh a Just bkme, ^^^H 




precedes it» as : * He told me a part 
ilideed Qikt^) of the truth, but (hk) be 
did not tell me the whole/ Some- 
times fi^p and bk answer to the Lat. 

• ct . . et/ * turn . . ciim'5 

Miyos, €0s : ardor or impetus of 
iniod ; the miod ; impetuosity. — 
Henee mens, as gens fr. yivos, 

* Mentem animumque/ Virg. Heoce 
the Eu-menides^ or Furies 

Mereairw : I glow with ardor or 
with rage. — Fr. fievos, eos 

M^oi ; by redupl. fAifiivia, filfivo) ; 
ficriw: I remain, await, stay, sus- 
tain, &c. — H. maneo 

Meye-brfios : awaiting or sustain- 
iog the attack of an enemy. — Fr. 
fiiyu) and hri'ios 

Meyo^eiKtjM : suitable to one*s 
mind or desires. — Fr. /i^vos, eUb) 

Mevoivaut : the same as fievealvof 

Mirot : See after ficy 

Mipi/xya : distracting care, solici- 
tude. — For fiepifievTi fr. fAepiw^erfi^fM^ 
and fjielpuf, I divide, L. * At que ani- 
mum nunc hue celerem, nunc Divi- 
DIT illue, In partesque rapit va- 
rias/ Virg. < Turn vero in CURAS 
animus diducitur omnes/ Id. 

Mepis, Ibos: a part, portion. — Fr. 
ftepS fut. offieiphf 

fjiipfiepos, * Plato : Mipfiepos trdvv 
hrrly, J ^Imrla, He had said a little 
before : ^^erXios eorc ical o^bey pqhi^ 
«M iLvo^brxj^fityon I from which the 
meaning of the word may be ascer- 
taiiied. Tim. has too much kept to 
the origin of the word in explaining 
it, 6 bia iray-ovpyi&y (^oyrlba riaiy 
ifi^frot&y. I should rather under- 
stand it, difficult, morose, one whom 
^ou cannot easily satisfy. Others use 
It for, heavy, arduous, troublesome. 
Homer has iroXifjLoid re fikpjiepa l^pya, 
Plutarch : TeKfnaiay iiX&veKa, fiipfxe- 
poy xpflfia,^ R. ' Mipfiepos, applied to 
persoas, is, curious, anxious, enquir* 
ing ; sind, applied to things, is, ex- 
citing anxious care and much enqui- 
ry* Homer : Oh yap irw iSd/iijv ohb* 

ixXvoy alibiiaavTos *'Aybp' iya Tvv&abi 
ixipfttp* hr ^fiari fitfrieraoBai, "Otrtr* 
'EKrttp ^ppe^e,*^ Dm. See fiipfjiripa 

MipfATfpa : distraction, anxiety or 
doubt. Hence fiepixiipii^, I am dis- 
tracted with doubt and anxiety. — 
Perhaps for fikpfi€pa by redupl. for 
fiipa fr. /uepcD fut. of /letp**, TH. de- 
duces it fr. fiipfifa as formed fr. 
fxipuf* Compare /i^pifcya 

fiipfAis, idos : a cord. — Kar*^Sec 
fiipfildt (j^aeiv^ *Apyvp4y,^ Horn. 

Mepos, eos : a division, part, share, 
portion. (Kara) to tfiov fiipos, for 
my part ; pro me^ virili parte,, ac- 
cording to my ability. *£v fiipei, iu 
each one*s share or part, by turns. 
Upos fjLipos, according to each one's 
share or proportion. — Fr. fxepa fut. 
of fieipiit 

fAip'0\p, fTKos : * having a divided 
voice. M6p-o7rb>v ar6pwv(avy Horn., 
Of men who have their voice divided 
into words, syllables, and letters in 
opposition to the inarticulate ac- 
cents of other animals,' Dm. — Fr. 
fiepw fut. of fAElpkt and o)// 

fiipoxl/ : a bird called the bee-cater. 
V-* Prineipio sedes apibus statio- 
que petenda : . . . Al>sint a stabulis 
meropesque aliseque volucres,' Virg. 

Miaos : middle, intermediate. T^ 
fiitroy, the mean. — Hence Meso-pota" 

Mieafioy, fittraafioyi Suid. ex- 
plains it of wood placed BETWEEN 
two OXEN joined together, as de- 
rived fr. fiiaoi and /3ous, i. e. of the 
pole of a plough. It is otherwise 
explained of a thong with which oxen 
are tied to the pole of a plough 

MeaayKTos: a doubtful and per- 
haps corrupt reading in the Persee of 

Meaairarosi superl. of fiifros 
MiaaTos, fieoanos : the same as 

fjLeff'eyyvata : I deposit money (as 
a bet or wager) in the hands of a 
person who interposes between two 

5 Some suppose phf to be the oiiginal neu- 
ter of cTr or fitis, as pla is still the feminine ; 
and 8i to be a corruption from 96o. In the 
first place ; in the second place. 

6 Of a good mind or ynR, So called for 

7 I never yet saw &er heard any one say- 

ing that one man had planned in one day so 
many p>4pfi€pa things as Hector did. 

8 He bound them down with a splendid 
silver cord. 

Being in the middle of two rivers, the 
Tigris and Euphrates. IXora/A^f i a river. 

MEX 17 

paities, i. — Fr. fiiaos and eyyia 

Mfiriiyu, fieuatiyv, and -vi : in I lie 
midst of, between. — Fr. /i^mis,"' 
MetraiiyiitT'eyiioio Kal'lfijipov, liom. 

Meo-q/i^u: for ^eiT-ij^ep/a, mid- 
day, fiiaii fitiipa 

MefliVi(«: a mediator. — Fr. yucCToi 

Mea6-l/ii) : rhe middle beam of a 
liouse. TlielioleiD ihemiddleofa 
ship iu wliieb the mast was erected 
OT tixed, litis beiag Ihe middle beam, 
J. — For fitao-hoftr) fr. hofios, domus, 
or fr. hihofxa pin. of hifiia 

' fitaoxpavfii or fieaok-piyeis : co- 
lumns.— ^E«p<ce be ii'^iXoc ei; roivap- 
yvpiui^ /leTitWuiv ruvi /leaocpni'cTc, oi 
tliiioraSoy ra uirfp-ire/^EiQ /3upij, t^- 
-eXiifrn, cai ^J iiuruiv 7rETrAowri(*;(Jra," 

t Mto-iriXov : a medlar 

Meffri.:'* full, ladeii. — Mo^jtci 
fiearoi yaXoKTOs 

fiiaijia: unto, until. — Fr. /itiru ftit. 
of fiiu, Lat. meo. Horace: 'Quo 
simul msaris,' S. Ilavi'ux"" Z^^"^' 
ijois ^pi-yEi'e/Tjt," Horn. 

Merci: See after ^^£<^v 

Mera-/?u\\u : I throw a thing 
from one slate to anollier, change, 
alter, Chauge my abode, change 
cue thing for anulher or exchange. 



Mera-yiyi'iuairu : I change my 

;iern-(o/ii£u ; \ carry from one 
place lo another, traoiifer 

M^r-ciXXoi';'* metaUum, s> metal. 
A mine. A military mine 

Mer-aXXau : I search for, as one 
searching for mefa/; It 


Mera-fiiXoftai : I Lave after- -cnii- 
cern, regret, repent. ---See /ieXui 

MEra/iuXioi : vain, ineffectual, uiie- 
ftiiiXiof, — 'For lieT-arefiwXws,' Did, 
Merir^iuXiB /3a£cii, Horn. 

Meraju; like ffra, signifies he- 

]2TH. deriveBil {!.fii^t<rriu=p.{^eiai wli. 

13 AN tliR w%ht unto ibe eaily-born .'^u- 

tween, among, and afiler ' 

/iira-TTi'irriu 1 I fall from one opi- 
nion lo another, change, bei;ome, 
turn out ; fall into one thing from 
being another, am changed into, J. 

tier-apoios : ' said of thing AFTER 

being RAISED, high,' J. Merahere 
rather implies change. The word is 
sometimes applied lo ships sailingon 
the deep. Perhaps from Iheir ap- 
parent elevation. — Fr. &paat pp. of 
oTpbi, I raise. See ficriuipos 

Mera-tririii-: having followed af- 

fiirairaat : apphed lo middle-aged 

sheep. — Xwpii/rtc rpv-yoym, xi^piibe 
fitraairai, Xupis i' au6' fpaai,'' Horn. 
For fiiaarai fr, fiiaos 

[lera-TpojruXi^oftai; I change my 
dtrcciioii and turn round. — Fr, r^- 

rpo-ira pm. of rpeTrw 

Mer-riuXo<: ' Ihe same m /tiaav 
Xoi ; a middle door between the hall 
C«iA.)) and the inner buildings,' 

Mero'ipipiii : Irani-firo, I convey 
from one place or state to anotlier, 
transfer.— Fr, the pm. fuTa'jrifopa'n 

Mera-ifiperor : the part opposite lo 
(al ^phts) the breast, the pari be- 
tween ihe shoulders 

Mcr-ei-errpoi: used for, some, 
certain ones, as opposed lo others: 
'tis rifpo-ewf fitT^^irfpot \iyiivtri, He- 
rod,, Aa certain Persians say. It is 
meaut that other Per.sians say difier- 

Mer-iaipos, fitr-jjopos : on high, ele- 
vated, erect, elated ; suspended; in 
suspense and uncertainty. Applied 
tilsn to ships on the d<;ep : See /ler- 
apaios. ' Mer^iupoi, (jui in ALTO 
navigat. Dicitur el ipsa navis ptriu- 
pot, quae ALTUM tenet, St.— H. me- 
teor.'^ See aluipiw 

fxir-oiKoi : persons who have chang- 

Bt no great distance. Thxtu, une aTCtr uio- 
liicr. Hat Mur. undentacds it of mfittt 
given in titliange for simieiding clie. 

15 Apait were ibe older alicep, apail weie 
Ihe niidjlle-aged, apul necu thuae recmlly 





ed their residence, residents in a fo- 
rei^ country.— *Fr. oUiu 

Mirpoy : a measure ; the measure 
of any thing ; proper measure, mo- 
deration ; measure in verse, metre. 
Hence geo-metiy, &c, 

Mirpios : moderate. It is often 
opposed to unjust, overreaching. 
*T6 liiirpioy is that which is proper 
to be done ; ra /jiirpia are, not 
.things in moderation, as 'some trans- 
late, but which are proper to be done. 
OvX H'^^ ra fiirpia, You shall not 
have the rights of humanity,' TH. — 
See above 

Mir-btwov: the part of the face 
after the eyes, the forehead or fore 
part. — Fr. t5i//, wiros 

Miypi, fii-xpu: unto, as far as, un- 
til. * ¥u fikfieKa p. of fjibf, meo, 
Horace: Quo simul mearis,* S, 
fd4)(jpis 'liayias xat Ka/E>/as, Herod ian 
MH : NE, do not. Mr/ fipe or fiij 
(^^pr^s, ne feras, do not bring it. 
Also, lest, like ' ne.' Sometimes it 
means, not. And, whether or not: 
* He asked me about the tributes, 
whether (^j)) they were heavy.' And 
thus it asks a question : * Whether 
(jiii) it is right to &c. V i. e. Is it 
right to &c. ? J. supposes fxri and vri 
(the privative prefix) are allied, as 
Hiv and nv 

MH*AE': and not, neither. Not 
even : see ov-hi 

y Mrii-a/ios: not even one, fxri^k 
afiot, ^€0$ oifbafjLfj ohbafius &'biicos,^^ 

fi^heoy tiv : pudenda. — Zwaaro 
likv pAxeaiv irepl fiiihea^^^ Horn. 
Mi7^-eis : not even one, firihk els 
Mffi'trepos : neither 4he otlier ; 
i. e. neither one nor the other. — Fr. 

MriiiSio: I imitate or favor the 

fifibot, €os : design, scheme, plot. 
— Fr. /ttdw, Bl. That is, fr. fxiffbriy fr. 
p4fiijrai pp. of fiaia. See &vibrfy, Fr. 
/le/ii/rac is fifjrts, ^ibuts Trayroiovs re 
hoXovs KoX /iribea,^ Hom. 

fjLT/bofiai, crofjiai : I design, &c. — Fr. 

18 God 19 unjust in not one way, in not 
one manner. 

19 Se chixit pannis circum pudenda. 

20 Knowing all kinds of tricks and 

* Mrfiibri : some plant 

jifiKia, 'uufi said of sheep and 
goats bleating. — Perhaps from the 
sound fill, "ftexr' oies, . . . 'A^i^x" f ^■ 
fiaKviai,* Hom. 

firiKoi is also applied to men or 
animals moaning or making an inar- 
ticulate sound ivhen dying by a 
wound. Thus Homer of Sarpcdon : 
Kabb* hrea^ kv koyiytri fiUKwy, airo h* 
^irraTO Ov/ios* 

firiKas, abot: bleating. See after 

MriK'irt: not yet more, not fur- 
ther. — Fr. fiij rac iri, says Jj^- But 
this would be firfKati. Perhaps /nyjc 
was the original word for fxr^, as ovk 
for oh 

fiffKos : length, tallness. — Allied to 
fiaicos wh. fxaxpos 

fiilKtaros: longest ; longest in dis- 
tance, most remote. MirfKitrra, tan- 
dem, answering somewhat to ' at 

LENGTH.' — Fr. fifiKos 

firiKvyw : I lengthen, prolong,— Fr. 

fiTlKtjp, // : a poppy. — Perhaps from 
its (jifjKos) tallness. MfiKwv b' ws eri- 
pwtre Kapri fiaXey,^ <fec., Horn. So 
Virgil : * Purpureus veluti cnm flos 
succisus aratro Languescit moriens, 
lassove papavera collo Demi- 
sere caput' 

MfjXoy: Dor. fiaXoy, malum, an 
apple. Hence melo, a melon 

M^Xof : a sheep. — Fr. the sound 
fjitf firi. But Varro contends that the 
sound is firj. * 'Those, who attempt 
to explain mythology, observe that 
the Hesperides were certain persons 
who had an immense number of 
FLOCKS ; and that the ambiguous 
word fifiXov, an apple and a sheep, 
gave rise to the fable of the golden 
APPLES of the Hesperides,' Lempr. 
See above 

MfiXoy: a breast, teal. — From its 
being round and tapering like an ap- 
ple, St. 

M^Xoi/ : a cheek. — * As some sup- 
pose, from its swelling out like an 

1 As sheep loudly bleating. 

2 And he feU down moaning in the dust, 
and his spirit flew awaj. 

3 As when a poppy Las thrown its head on 
one side. 

MHA ISO Mlin ^1 

apple. Perhaps mala in Lalin may lamps ate gone out. But ifae «1k 

Imve been derived from this. Fnr I virgins answered saying : Mijirorc 

sbull never believe wilh Cicero that ovc kptiirf fi/ili' Kaiv^lr, but go ra- 

Mala is for, maxilla ; or ihnt ala is iher to those who sell, and buy for 

for, axilla,' St. your9elves,'lheGFeelcwords8retians- 

MijX^a : the apple tree, — Fr. ft^- lated : ' Not so, lest there be not 

Xov enou|>h for us und you.' Schl. thinks 

MifXij : a surgeon's probe. — For they may be translated : ' Sic Foa- 

fiatXii fr. n&a, I seek, search tassb nciiue nobis sutiiceret atqoe 

MijXioi Xi/ios : the Me/ian hunger, vobis' 
a proverb for any great liunger. From /iij-imi : not yet. fuv iiKfiaioyTuv, 

the siege of Mdos liy the riv ftiivut aKfiaiovTiay, ruv trap-tjK/ia- 

in the Peloponnesian war. So Lai. kutwv, Xen. : Of things which are 

' fames Sagiintina' at their height, of things whicb ate 

MijXov: See before /iTjX^a not yet at their height, of things 

lit]\-6ydiis, fiifXoX-uvSi)! : a kind which have passed their height 
of beetle, called from frequenting jiijpivQos: a cord. — Tpiiftum iri- 

the (otfloi) dung (^ijXttii') of sheep or Aemi' Aejrrq jiJiiilvBif bl^iTEy robin,' 

cattle. Dm. Horn. 

Mqv: indeed, truly.— J. supposes fnipa$: the thigh. — ' Fr. fxelpu or 

it allied to d/i^v, amttt, verily /^ipui ; for the body there begins lu 

Mt)vi) : Goth', taena, Sax. moaa, be divided,' St. H/^i ofu ipuaaint- 

the moon. Allied is ^jr, mengis, a yos rapa luqpoii, Horn. So Virgil; 

month ' enseni Ertpit a femure' 

M^y, vo'r '• See above ^qpiiu : I wind round, wind into 

M;^)'iy£, yyos, if. a membrane; a skain, twist. — Perhaps allied to 

particularly that of the brain. — MiJ- ftiipivBoc 

viy!, ii *epi rov iy-Kifa\ov, Aristol. firipUbi, -o5«i, &c. : I roll round 

' jjedin^es, the two membranes ibat food which has been already chew 

envelope the brain, which are called ec), 1 ruminate. — Fr. fit/tripvKa p, of 

the pia mater and dura mater,' T. fiijpiiu 

M^vif, lusi fury, passion, wrath. Mtyirrup, opoi: one whohaa scarch- 

— Fr. e/iTira a. 1. of fiaina, 1 make cd, experienced ; a man of experi- 

tu be mad or furious'*' ence, a counsellor. — Fr. fi^/iTiaTai pp. 

Mi]vuw: 1 point out, show, indi- of/idu 
cate, discover.— Possibly fr. the Do- MHTHP :' Dorlcg faTt)p, mater, 

ric fiaviiii ii manus. T(i6' Ipyor, oii a mother 

XiyoF, ai finyifi eairov,' Eurip. Mijrii, ids ; experience, prudence, 

Mjivvrpoy: a reward for giving counsel, deliberation. — Fr. fiifttpvi 

information of crime. — Fr. /icfxiivv- pp. of ;iiiw. That which arises from 

rai pp. of ^qiiiu seaicli anil investigation. Homer 

fitl-troTf^: perhaps. Mijirorefie tai calls Ulysses jroXu-^iir" 
auv-myvfici to apKn-oi" ry 6ciVi'f», MiiTpfi : Dor. fiarpa, the matrij 

Atheu. : Perhaps Spiaroy is synony- or womb.— Fr. fi'iTtip, repot, rpo* 
mous with bciirray. So, Mi/roTe bi Mijrp-nyupTijs : one who went 

hiiypaij>^iyayTiif)s'Av8eiat'AyTeiay, about collecting money nominally 

Id.: Perhaps we ought to write An- for Khea, the iniither of the Gods, 

tea for Anlhea. lu this passage of See Ayupn and Ihe note on dye/|Eiw 
the New Testament, ' The foolish Mijrp-aXoins and -aXfijs : otie who 

virgins said to ihe wise virgins: beats or .itrikes his mollier. — Fr. 

Give uB some of your oil, for our aXoidwsdXouai, I tliie^h coru 

i Some dtrivc il fr. hJmi, as temainin g in bj Ilic toot, 
the uuDil BQil ileep-rnoliMl. T Fr. /t^uru pp. of fiin. From (b« u- 

S'llii^tlceH, tiiougliiikai nu vgicc, ^awe itrnt niiJ toiiJor Jotc wiUi wliUii sin en- 

you In be bad. bi-ucea Jier cHldrea. Bad from the Cam frith 

6 He bDund licli a thin c<ud n (imid d.i»e nliii-h stia brine) ^^'^ "h ^- 


Mfirpfifia : a step-motber. — Fr. — ^N^es fnXro-wi^nj/oit Horn., SUps 

fitinip, Tpo$ whose prows are painted with ver- 

Miirptas : aD uDcle on the mother's niilion 

side. — Fr. fiirrtip, rpen Mi/ioXe^vet , fcc/tfaXXoyet : priest- 

M^av^ : art. cootrivatice. inven- esses of Bacchus. — ' Torva Mimal^ 

tioo; a contrivaDce, machiua (fr. /onet^implerunt corn ua bora bis/ Pers* 

Doric /laxava), machine ; ft2iw6, &c. Mlfiapicvs: a mess coosisting of 

Heoce a mechanic, mechaniswi^ me- the belly and entrails of hares, or of 

ehanieal swine, witli the blood. — Upo iei- 

MijfXopy l^nx^* f^^f^h ^09 • >rt» xyov rriv fdfiopKvv Kafiioftai,^* Ari- 

artifice, contrivance ; contrivance stoph. 

against, remedy. — Allied to iinx^^» Mi/ic$ : mimus, a mtmic. player^ 

and formed fr. /i^^uifca p. of fi^w buffoon. Hence panto-mime 

fica : fern, of els, one. £Is was Mifiiofiai : 1 act like a /uf/Ms, iiiii-i 

perhaps /ueis originally. Hoififftitfiey tate others 

T(i€i$ cKTiyas, <m\ fJilav teat Muk9Ji filay Myauf, fiy})€ficiap fci/ivi)ffc«^ : 4 pUt 

I'ttf fiiay *HX/^,^ NT. another in mind. Myiiofxa^ I put 

MiOiVtf : I blot, stain, pollute, myself in mind, remember. — *Fr. /ti^ 

corrupt; tinge. — Fr. /icft/a^fiac pp. ros, mens,' Dm. From pp. ikkfiymiMk 

of fiiaiytn^ or fii&ia is miasm : * The are mnewtonics and the muse Mne- 

plague b a malignant fever caused mosyne or Memory. Fr. ft^/ii/^^rrcu 

through pestilential miasms/ Har« is a-mnesty or act of oblivion 

vey. From /ucdw is fnapos, impure : Mifxyia : See fiiyta 

^n fuapk Kal vaft'fiinpe ical fiiapwrart, Miy, yiy : him, her, it, them. It 

Aristoph. is sometimes, but rarely, the dative. 

fiiai-foyos : who stains himself — Fr. fits and vU supposed to be i^* 

with shedding blood. Pr. /xidmss/Licai- iated to Lat. u.'^ A/e fi^ ftiy 'Axoio) 

vw and ip6yos ^Xo^' imoitri Xlwoiey,^^ Horn. Qeai ii 

Miopoi 2 See /ualyv fay d^0-ay^poyro," JJ, 

Mcyw, fi/<ryw, fMyyvfju, fut. /Lt<(*» : Mc v0a ; ancnf . * Hence by anti- 

I mix phrasis it is put for a badly-smell- 

Miyi^y: by mixing. — For /ill:i^y ing flower; and for dung; and for 

fr. fiifiiKTai pp. o{ fdyia. See df^iiyy the bad smell of goats. Hence ^v^^ 

l/kiOpn^ : the Sun among the Per- Bota, 1 besmear with dung,' TH« 

sians. Ma toy Midpriy, Xen« Miyvdia: minuo, I dtflitm^A, waste, 

^MiKos,fjUKKos: small. — Hence Lat. consume. I am wasted, consume 

mica, * Atomi et istae mioB tuae,' away 

Sen. Aiei rols fjUxKois filxKu bibwai Mlyvyda : but a little, for a little 

0eo2,'° Callim. while. — Fr. fiiyvos, small, allied to> 

MiKpos : small, little. — Allied to /Aiyiidai, I make small, and Lat« mtntM 

IaLkkos. H. micro-scope, o-micron^^ M<vi;os : See above 

faiKpo-wpeirrls I becoming little or Miyvpos : the same as Kiyvpot, 

little-minded men, sordid, illiberal, plaintive 

— Fr. trpeTTia Mtyvpo/iai : I make a plaintive 

•fMi\ai,(rfjLi\a£, h: the yew tree, sounds Kiyvpofiai. * Properly said of 
Tralislated also, bind-wced or some the young of birds, which were call- 
plant like ivy ed fu'wpoi,' Bl. Some refer lAiyypos 

M/Xcoy : a mile. Perhaps allied to /mwos, small 

to Lat. mt^ sc. passus M/£is, ^: mixture. — Fr. fxi/jui^i 

MIXtos, fi : red lead, vermilion, pp.^ of fi/yw 

8 Let us make three tents, one for you, brachu/ 

and one for Moses, and one for Elias. 12 I devour the mimarcis before dinner. 

9 Comp. fjufidpofffuu and fjuapaivw. 13 Compare /xia and Xa, 

19 The Gods always give small 'things to 14 He feared lest the Greeks should leave 

the small. bim a prey to the enemy. 

11 Which however should be rather *o- 15 Goddesses assembled around her. 


Mfiryw : &ec fiiyw 
t/Lioibi:'^ I Jiate. — H. a mtj-an- 
thrope or mnn-iixter 

fuaBot ;" h 
e6o- tjiopm orpai 


tioi), record, 

Myiffta, arosi lliHt wtiicli perpe- 
tualcs the memory of any tliiog, a 
monument, sepulcliri.'. — Fr. /i^/irii- 
fiiaB-apyeoi : learn wages. — See pni pp. af /xcriu 

, Demoslh., Hir- 


Midi: 1 make small, cut into small 
pieces. An obsolete verb, fr. wliuae 
pp. iicjuKa are fiUin, /itKpvs, &c, 

M I (TT ti \ Xtu : 1 cut into small piccen, 
mince. See also fivtrrlXij. — Fr. fii- 
fiiarai pp. of /ilat 

KItos: thread; thread or siring 
of a shuttle and of a musical insli 
me tit. — Fr. il-fii 
threads, Junius deri 


mucli llie 
: I ^ 

Fr. iitfxviiaTai 
»eed, — HiitTii 

p. of fivaofiai 

fivlov : sea moss or ^ 

likv tivayoi, Jru>Ti) tirtiicyra (iiii 

Topfeo,' Ap. Rh. See tiyoit 
fifovs : down, soft hair, j^vous 
~ labor, toil. — 'IJipwd' 

* Mor. traces the French samit 
i^a-filrot ;" meaning therefore, com- 
posed of six threads,' T. ' In silken 
samite she was light arrayci),' Spen* 

M/rpa:" a girdle, belt, zone; a 
fillet for binding the hair.—' Mirpa, 
attire for the head ; formerly worn 
by the Greek and Roman women, 
not unlike in shape to ibe mitre or 
episcopal crown,' T, 

M/mXoi, fivri\os : mitlilus ; a|»- 
plied to an animal whose horns are 
mulilated. Perhaps fr. pi/^irai pp. 

M/ui: See before ^icttuXXm 

Mva : of the same root 
mina. A hundred drachi 
Suid., make one fxra 

liraofiai : I woo. — ' For iiivaafiui, 
fr. /liros, mens. I set my mind and 
thoughts on a woman,' Dm. "Hhrt 
ynp irc firmyrai aptar^es xuTa i^/tur,"' 

Mvaw : See after fufiioiiai 

th two Ffpuffn fioyif. Hoi 
dimity ; za>\ sudavilahoi' 

Moyoi fiiyoi 

1h toil and laboi 

Mohws: the Lai, modiui or mo- 
dium, a bushel 

fi68a£, ftoBiar : ' a vile Biid sordid 
man, an importunate rascal,' Iteisig. 
^ BepcffjffSo' re ko) ni/JaXoi xai 
/liSiayes, Al'istoph. 'Us /iddwi' et sal 
ijiiaei Koj^aXiis, Id. ' Calface hoini' 
nero, ut ego Mothonem,' Cic. 

M6Bos: \)aUle.—Tpiics Kara ftiOor 
oil /ley^ovfTi,^ Horn. 

Moipa ; a part, portion ; one's 
portion, lot, fate; Just portion. — Fr. 
/li/ioipa pm. of julpui 

Mdixoi :* mcec/tui, an adulterer 
Lat. MoXyot: a leathern bag. — - Fr. 
says jEoIIc (ioXyiis (aa /3ilp/iaf for /tvppii) 
is Lai. bulga: ' Bulgamfl cjuicquid 
liabet scrvorum, secum habet ipse. 
Cum hulga ccenat, dormii, lavil : 
omnia in uiiA Spcs hominis bu/gd,' 

fioXyos: See Ihe note' 
MdAu," fioXiia : 

16 ■ Ft. pla. Muioi is that fault bj wliicLi 
we deeite to make men less or to diminisLj 
llieit credit," L. 

17 Poenbl; fr. ^/ifrThgi' >■ 1' P- ot pla, I 
diride into Email ti'ta ; 1 divide. A word 
adapted to tlic ancienl ages of prcdaUiiy war- 
frue, when ptundaters divided the ipoil. 

IS Comp. ' sample' fr. ' eiaruple ;' and 
' megiim' fr. ^lUKparia. 

19 Z<i>>i] 4 Sii raS tttroo itpaim/iiri,, EM. 

80 Fur now the chiefs among the people 
woo jon. 

1 On Bverj BLde 19 swamp, and mossy 
thicltneBacB of tlio deep. 

3 Bl, derives it fr. fiiu^nolta. mo Veo. 

a Tfae Tiojans will not slnnd in the lighl. 

i, go, urnve. 

TH. Or ^x", I mil, in Homer-s sense. 

6 'AAA" ihi Toinif iriflj, MoAylv ytvMai 
B« at. Vih, -yt ravrmi, VuXby yniaeai iii 
<rt p-e-xpt Tav luifpims, KnfArtf\i. 'Tbia ii an 
obscene passage. MoATfti is, n sDcket : ft. 
ti4fia\ya pm. of ni\yia=iiii\yii. The seiue 
is: If joii give waj to him, he will make 
Budi s fool of you that you will be obliged lo 
ohey him even »ith the mouth,' Br. And 
again : ' I know not if I have iulerpreled Ihii 
pasiiagD any hetter tlisa ullien. No doubl 
Aristophanes alludes to ceilain amcles well 
known in those limes. But. whallier thej 
ho/l in tfiem llie words /laxyit and i^li. 
""■' " '"" " scarceljF to be dcter- 

ned noH 




— Hence ahro-fioXiia, I go off of my 
owu accord, run away. In the 
Knights of Aristophanes a proposal 
of running away is thus timidly made 
by Nicias to Demosthenes : * N. Say 
fioXwfiey, D. Well then, /loXia/jiev, 
N. Now say ahro after fi6\wfiey. 
D. Avro. N. Very well. Now first 
say fioXwfjitv off-hand, and then say 
avro, adding it repeatedly. D. M6- 
Xtttfiev. avro fioXutfiev avro/AoX&fiev* 

M.6XiPhos, fi6Xv(ibos : lead. > - H. 
the mineral mofybdena, * often con- 
founded with plumba«[o or black 
lead, but possessed of different pro- 
perties,' £B. 

MoXis:with labor and difficulty, 
fiSyis ; hardly, scarcely 

MoXo'Ppos : for /jioXo-Popos, 6 
fioXuy eirc r^K fiopay, one who comes 
or goes about to get food 

* MoXodovpos : some plant 
MoXos, fiovXos, fiuXos : a mound, 

huge pile, moles. * As ocean-sweeps 
the labor*d mole away,' Goldsmith 

MoXoaaos : a dog of Molossus, a 
territory of Epirus. ' Domus alta 
molossis PersonuitCANiBUS,' Hor. 

MoXoatros : a foot of three long 
syllables, as /udXir^flrr^s. * Tres bre- 
ves trocheum, totidem longae^ molos' 
son ethciuut/ Quintil. 

MoX6\rj ::=fiaXa')(fj 

* MoXovpU : some small animal in 
the marshes 

MoXvy : a song. — Fr. iiifioXtra 
pm. o( ix^Xirta 

MoXvi^«ii : I pollute. — Fr. /aoXvs, 
a stain, TH. Allied to this (i. e. fioX) 
is perhaps to moil or moi/le, to de- 
file : * Then rouse thyself, O earth, 
out of thy soyle. In which thou dost 
thy mind in dirty pleasures moyle^* 
Spenser. So also a mole, a spot on 
the face. Sax. mal 

MofjKprf : blame. — Fr. fiifiofKlia pm. 
of fxififia 

MONOZ,^ fxovyos, fjLoyios : alone, 
single ; solitary. Movoy, only. — H. 
mon-arch, mon-archy, mono-tony, 
&c. Fr. fiova^oi (fr. /utefioya^a p. of 
/Ltoyd£a>, I lead a solitary hfe), is a 
monk; and fr. fAefjidyaarai (pp. of 
jioyaStj) are monastic, monastery 

MSyoy'Ov: only not, all but, al*- 

fjLoyoy o^ : M6yov oh roXft&fft Kara 
irpoaioirov Iheiy fifids, Polyb. * I. e. 
not even. Or, as Reiske observes, it 
is the same as if it had been ov roX" 
fiddly fifias iheiv ftoyoy Kara wpoau^Troy^ 
they do not dare to look at even 
our countenance alone (nostrum vel 
solum ipsum vultum), oh ToX/xSMn 
fik\pi fioyoy avrov rod Kara npoatmroy 
fifias Ibely,^ Schw. 

fioyafjLirvKes grwXoc : horses girt 
with a single afivvl, band. But the 
expression seems obscure 

M.oviii a mansion. — Fr. fiifioya 
pm. of /i^i'di, as * mansion' fr. 'maneo, 

^oyiipri$ : the same as fi6vos 

MoytfjLos : permanent.— See fioy{f 

Moy6'K€pa>s: the uni-com. — Fr. 
fjidyos, unus, and icepas 

Moyo'fii^Tup : solitary and without 
a mother, deprived of a mother. — 
Fr. firirrip 

fiovo'ppvdfws b6fio$ : a house pro- 
portionate only to one family, op- 
posed to a large capacious house. — 
Fr. ^vBfi6s 

fioyo'Tovot : proceeding in one 
tone or tenor (wh. monotony) ; with 
uniform intenseness or vigor. — Fr. 
riroya pm. of relyia 

Mopa : a division or tribe ; divi- 
sion or cohort. — Fr. fiifiopa pm. of 

fidpyta, fiopyvvfii I See Ofwpyia 

Mopia, fAopla, fiopoy : a mulberry- 
tree. * The Morea or Peloponnesus 
resembles a mulberry-leaf in form; 
and its name is derived from the 
great number of mulberry-trees which 
grow there,' EB. Either fact, if they 
are so, would be a sufficient reason 
for the name. Fr. fiopia is the syca- 
-mare (fr. avKfl, a fig-tree) or mul berry- 
fig-tree. The Lat. m&rum, ri, Fac. 
derives not fr. fiopia, but fr. fiavpos, 

fiopla : folly. — Perhaps the same 
as fxtapia fr. fiwpos 

M6pos: a part, portion, or lot; 
lot fated to every man ; fate, death. 
— Fr. /u^/iopa pm. of fjiipw, Fr. fxopos 

7 Fr. fUfwva pm. of fUyw. One who alone, S. 
remains, • i. e. lemains behind, is left 

ii mSn 

Mvpiov. a little pari; a mrmber 
of llie body. * Peculiariter rfiritur de 
membro genttali,' St. — See above 

MSpi/ios, fiopat/ias: allotted, fated. 
— Fr. fiipos 

Mopfiii, ovs, ir- a liBg ■»* woman 
of a fi-iglilful face. An esclamalion 
of fright. — "All the rest is passeil 
over ns only the mormos and bug- 
bears of a frighted rabble,' Warbiir- 
ton. Hence Mor. derives majtnot, 
marmot to, tnarmoset 

MopfioKvaino and -pvaaui : ' Gcsner 
well explains tliem, 1 frighten boys 
by a certain ge si ic illation and pro- 
iMinciatLoi) of tlie word fiopi>i>,' It. 
See above MopiioXiiaaopai, I fear 

MopiioXvKfioy : a tragic or rnmic 
mask mude for the purpose of fright- 
ening ; aiiy tbing striking an idle 
fear, — See above 

Mipftvpos, [iAptivXui : Rome fi^ili. 
' The mirmillo was a kind of gladia- 
tor clad in Gaulish armour, and hav- 
ing on the top of his helmet the fi- 
gure of the mormi/fus, whenee mir- 
millo seems to be derived,' Fac. 
' Ille ex mirmiUone dux, ex gladia- 
tore imperator,' Ac., Cie, 

Mop^vptu : murmuro, said of ri- 
vers roaring and raging. Homer 
speaks of a river aipp^ fiop/iviiovra, 
raging with foam. — Perhaps furmed 
fr. the sound fiop /xop or /ivp /ivp 

MSpas : See after finpln 

Moppa, fiovppa, /iiippa : the mur- 
rhhtt stone, supposed by Salm. to be 
the same as our porcelain. ' Nos bi- 
bimus vitro, tu murrhd, Poutiee,' 

fiopvBBa, £<ii: I defile. — Kary jie- 
fwpvfftiva KQjriw,* Horn. 

fiopv^"!'. some man famed for his 
gluttony ; any glutton. — Mopixi*. 

9 Denied b; had smoke. 
g The ion or luiniater of Sleep. So called 

10 So /iijaxoi anil offXOI. Ihc f 
tl (Jove) lent iiBintdiBielj Bn eagle, (lie tok^ 

morphniu, a hunter, &c. rod. S 

la After thU counlry Bie their neigbhouts ri ki 

Ilie JUsMyniEfiinhohaTe bniltwoodenhDuies Bpou, 1S6. 

and compacl lower! obich they call rnos- 14 Some derii 

i4 MOP 

\ols, Artstoph. 

MOP*H': form, shape, fisure i 
beauty, forma, wh.formosus. — Heiu;* 
merfa, by transp. /orntd. And Mvr- 
pheus,^ meta-tnorphoK, Ovid's Mc- 
/a-morp/ioses : 'In nova fert ani- 
mus mutatas dicei-e /orwds,' &d. 

linptpvns : a kind of eagle supposed 
to be of a black species iind lu be 
allied 1o rjp^vq.'° — AurUn i' nleroi" 
7(*'e, MdpyvDc, flijpipflp'," Horn. 

fiieavv, fioinir : a wooden tower. — 
Tq b' eirt..Mo0inuv-(iiKOi iifi-oypiot o'lKia 
T€KTpfaVTef KaWtva nai iriipyovs tii- 
-jrriyias oBi cnAfDvoi tJioaaHvai, cnl h' 
auroi ex-iirv/ioi Si/Bev eamy,*^ Ap. 

Mo'rTjjos: • a young and tenacious 
shoot, as of a vine : and also a calf 
as adhering to its mollier. It is fur 
I'-iTxos, fr. oay/i pm, of Sa\Ki, I ad- 
here,' L., who derives muKUS, moss, 
from the same notion 

Moaxos ', musk 

fioTos : lint. — See &-iioTiit 

fiovv6-KbiKa oUri^aTa : houses of 
only one member or apartment. See 
the note.'' Fr.. /lovot, Kuikov 

Moviux'ft ; a port of Atlica. — 
' Qui rura lacessuiit Munyckia et 
trepidis stabilem pirjeea iiautis,' 

Movvvj^iuf: an Altic month, in 
which the festival of Diana Muny- 
chia (so called, it seems, from a tem- 
ple erected to her in the Movvv\ia,) 
was kept 

MoSfrn:'* Mu»a, a Muse, presid- 

Mavuflov; a muieum, a place de- 
dicated to the muses 

MoBffiKi;: the science of hiirmoii; 
and number, singing, music 

[liiyBos: labor, trouble, ftoyoi. — 
Mpij^ofei/ETe TOY jTurov l/fi&v jcor riy 
poxOo,;'^ NT. 

Lnrcher. Bat Schw. IJ«aslates it, 'doDim- 
luiua I.ATUS, ttnun conli- 
ulfereales, i, e. contiguu 

lir-virar Itmsroy iicrii irKJSpa,th- 
tS-l, wiih T^i fttyikiis irtHKifilSai jnl 

# iBo Oroaoiiuj, W^yltcnbacb, Scbucidcr, 


iii-ffleiaber ( 

it fr. ^iavta., pSxia. * ( 
II labur mid Irouble. 




fio\Of)pbs: haviiig much trouble, 
miserabie ; causing much trouble, 
roalignaot, bad. — Fr. no-^Qos 

ficxXos : a bar or boH for shutting 
or for fastening doors ; any bar or 
lever. — Kav /ij) tovs fio^ovs j^aXoi- 
triv ai yvviuKcs, 'E/i-Tri/zTrpavai ^^ ras 
Bvpas,^^ Aristoph. 

'Mo\p6mos : Attic. — From Mopsus, 
a king of Attica. < Barbara Alop- 
sopios terrebant agmina niuros,' Ov. 

Mv fiv, fjiif fiV, &c. : sounds of woe. 
So Plautus : * Mu, perii hercle* 

Mi;w, fivatai I shut my eyes or 
lips ; I shut my eyes frequently, I 
wink. Applied also to things closed, 
blocked up, &c. — Fr. pp. fie/ii/orac is 
pvarrit, oite who shuts his mouth ; 
applied emphatically to one initiated 
in the sacred (jivtrr/ipia) mysteries, 
and engaged to shut his lips, and 
to be silent and secret about them. 
Hence also amystis, idis. See ifivaris 

• fjivhaSofiai : I abhor. — ^avaioeis 
AXirjv ifivba^aro Saera,'^ Nicand. 

Mvb&ia : allied to /la^acn, Lat. ma- 
deo, I am moist, wet. It is hence ap- 
plied to things putrid and rotten ynth 
to6 much wet, and fetid,. R. .. . 

fivhpos: a metallic inass. — 'That 
which fcvS^, is moist and liquids 
Hence it is applied to a metallic mass 
made hot and beginning to liquefy,' 
L. 'Avafaydpas k'-aefieias Kplperai, 
ii'OTi Tov '^Xioy fivbpov iXeye ^ta-wv- 
poy,*^ Diog. Laert. 

MveXos :'' the marrow ; metaph., 
strength. — Fr. fiveXos or jievXos is 
supposed to be formed meulla and 
hence meThdla, * So vhtap fr. Oai; 
redeo for reeo,' Val. 

Mv^ctf : I initiate into the mysteries; 
initiate into any knowledge, instruct. 
' — Fr. ffi/w, pp. fi^fAvarai 

MvSii) : I utter a sound by closing 
the lips, and sending out the breath 
through the nose, as done in sounding 
/Ltv, J. From the same sound are 
mutio, mutter. Said of persons mut- 
tering, grumbling, complaining, moan- 

16 And, if the women do not loosen the 
bolts, we must burn the doors. 

17 Feeling a nauiet, (tiie animal) is wont 
to abhor its marine repast. 

18 Anaxagoras is condemned for impiety 
for saying ihat the lun is an ignited metallic 

19 ' Fr. fi^ ', it being inclosed in the in- 

MvSai : I suck. — ^Fr. /luw, I dose 
tlie lips. Fac. cxplams ' sugo ' by, 
i draw up juice with- compressed lips 

MvBos : a word; speech, discourse ; 
consultation, taking counsel together 
with others, plotting. Also a rela- 
tion, fable, fiction. — 11. niytho-lpgy, 
J. compares moutk» Bfit see HT. 

Mvta : a fly. — Fr. fiviaicri, a little 
fly> Voss. derives musca 

HVKaui : said primarily of animals 
bellowing or lowing; and applied 
hence to any thing making a loud 
noise. — 'Fr. the sound /ui;, [moo,] 
like Lat. mugio,' St. Tavpos /laKpa 
fi€fiVKijs,^° Hom. 

fivKris, TITOS, ov: a mushroom; can- 
dle snuff, like Lat. fungus : * Scin- 
tillare oleum et putres concrescere 
FUNGOS,' Virg. — Avxi'Oio fivKJires 
kyeipovrai icept fiv^av Nvatq Kara auo- 
r/iiv,' Arat. 

fivKris TOV KovXiov TOV {{0€of, Herod., 
translated by Schw., *extremae va- 
ginae gladii claustrum sive aeneum 
vinculum, fungi figurd.' Wess. 
says : ' It is rightly, 1 think, defined 
TOJCdTa-KXeloy t^v diiKrjy tov fJi<ffOVS,* 
that which shuts down the case of the 

• * MvcXois * ywaii^O'tXtay^Ly, Ly- 
cophr., salacious men, depredators of 


../Ltvicr^, .^f» jp.;.,tlie QOsiril» nose; 
fr. fjL^fjLVKTai pp. of fivSkt. As being 
that by ivf!i\\G\k:.fiv^ofi€y, ,we mutter 
and giftipabl^.' Or tx^ fiifivierai pp. 
of fjiia^ot, '.qu^tenus is. debet emun- 
gi,* Dm. Heiic^ it is used for a apeer ; 
the nose being consideried bj.the 
ancients as the seat - of , derision ; 
whence the expression. of Horace, 
' NASO aliquem suspendere adiinco/ 
So Martial : ' Tacito ridfefe, Germa- 
nice, NASO * 

fxvicTfjpiSw : 1 sneer at. See above. 
Perhaps it is used also for, I cheat ; 
fr. fjLVfffftii, pp, fiifiVKTai. As Terence: 
' Emuh^xi argento senes ' 

MvXri : mold, a mill, that which 
grinds. Ai ^vXai, molares, the grind- 

nermost part of tiic flesh and bones/ Dm. 

20 A bull bellowing loudly. Maiep^, ' so 
that the voice goes through much 'space,' Dm. 

1 The snufTs of a candle raise themselves 
round the wick in a dark night. - • 

2 The account given by Tz. of thift word b 


ers, double leelh 

MuXaf: B mill-stone. — Fr. /juXij 

MuXXw: molo, per-moh, sensn ob- 
SCIE1I0. Vide fiiiXrt 

MuXXui: distorled, twisted ; frnm 
ibe notion of twirling irajilied in /luX- 
A(u, t Krind, S. 

fivflla : an epithet of Minerva. — 
&el/ias ik injiov Mvyilf IlaXKtji'lbi,' 

est ungueolum, ungor,' Plant. ^^_ 
Mii^pa: mi/j-rh, a, gum: Also a 

Glone. See ^uppa 

fiip^ivnv ; pili pndendorum. Vide 

locum citatum in notftad alteran; 

cem fioXyot 
MipTot : myrtiu, myrtle 
Mvpalyt), fivppirri : a inyrtH 

Perhaps for fivprin] fr. fiupTos ' 
Mupu: said of liquids flowing or 

Also a 

I. Vide 
ram TO- 

fivyhos : dumb. — Probably llie dropping. Mvpofiai, 1 drop ' 
lame ?n isiihos, wli. Lat. rftvttts wee)i. — See [ivploi, Horafiw* &\i- 

mut, a mouse 

muscle fish. Also, 
body. — Fr. filiv, I 


: 1 shut u|<, hedge round; 

hedge ro. 

ud witb prelexis, some- 

tiling like 

'pnelextus* fr. 'tego.' — 

H. ! 

Mi^ij: a pretext. — See above 

^ii£a: mucus from ilie nose.^Fr. 
fiinvlni pp. of iiiiauiii. Mucus seems 
allied tu/i^/ju^a p. i>i /luaaiii 

^ija: the wick of a candle.— See 
tlie passage quoted on llie firsl ftiiKi]! 

Mvoirapbii-: a vessel, used specially 
))y pirates. — 'A duohus prsedonuni 
mt/oparonibus circumveiila,' Sail. 

Mipaiya: a lamprey. 'From the 
connexion of the lamprey wiih llie 
viper it is said tlial a hind of laiiipr«y 
is produced, whose bite is fatal. 
Hence fi6paiva is applied to a ma- 
lignant man,' lil. — 'Qu;e iialat in 
Siculo grandis murana profundo,' 

Muplrii: a tamarisk. — 'Nononines 
arbusta juvant humilesque myricte,' 

Mupfoi: infinite, innumerable. Mi- 
piw, ten thousand. — ' A metaphor 
taken from liquids. Fr. /lupu, I flow,' 
BI. From (ivntin, ahos, is a myriad 

Mup/iijJ, lime an ant. — Fr. l^rA. 
^hp^i^, v^oi Voss. derives formica, 
as • freiiio ' fr. ppifiw. Hence ' myr- 
mici iiicedere,' Plaul., Id nmvelike 
anis i, e. slowly 

* fiipfiili: a rock, cliff. — Gives oi 
re Ttvj(elpiMii' ir^Xoi Miip^ijitt,* Ly- 

" fiipfitil '■ a wart. — ^Tu^Xoj' 5 fivp- 
/iHriiuiTo 5 Atijf^m* tjjojTo, LXX. 

Mipni' : ointment. — ' Without 
doubt fr. ibe same root as /ivfipa, 
MVRRH, which was perpetually used 
in preparing oiaiments,' TH. ' My- 
ro-pohi solicilo omnes ; ubicumque 

of thi 

3 Having 
dim FalJu. 
'4 TTie abom and the rocks 

enclosure for tbe Myn- 

Mii^, v6 
a muscle 

Mvao:,ros: any thing abominable. 
— Fr. /luffuifut. of^vu: ' That against 
which fiiio/iey, we shut our eyes, not 
daring to look; or our mouths, not 
daring to speak,' E. 

fiiaaia, firru, Jw : I blow the nose. 
Also, I snuff the candle. See the 
second fv^a. — Perhaps allied to 
mungo, xi. Aiaxpoy tlipaais rai to 
&iro-irrieiv eai to Airo^ftOireaBai,'' 

MtiuroJ, fos: the upper lip; the 
hair on it, the mwUaehios 

HviTTfip'o" : that which is kept 
hidden, a mystery. See fiim 

Musrqi : one initiated in the myi- 
teriei. See /ivw 

Muori'Xi), and more properly fna- 
ruXij : a hollowed bit of bread for 
supping up delicate messes. Hence, 
from its form, it was applied to 
spooua. Fr. /iiariWu). which was 
licnce used by the Comedians for 
sucking np delicate messes or fi^eding 
dainlily, TH. See /iiarl/Xii 

[lirrrui: See fiiaaiii 

Murrinroi': a composition of garlic, 
&c. well beaten up together. — Hence 
liVTTbiTeva, I beat or pound, or well 
season. AIOii ruy airov (tvhpa fim- 
TmTfiaofiev , Aristopt). 

Mux^ifbi: 1 breathe through the 
nose; I multer, groan. — Fr, e/juj^flqv 
a, 1, p. of /liSu 

fivj(dl£ia : I sneer at.— Fr. ift^x^y 
a. 1. p. of fivaam. See pvxrqp and 

Mv^iif : the innermoat part of a 

6 Ofri< 

J into the B. 
a dliigraccful for the Ferelaiu 




house, cave, harboi^r, &c. — ^PerhUps 
fr. fivtf, p. ftifanca, I ctose. '£( f^^xdy 
Avrptw, Hoin. 

M^: See after /ii$ 

Mv^y t any part of the body par- 
ticuhrly muscnlar. — Fr. fifis, vbs, a 
muscle. See -^y 

Mviifds: the dormouse. — Fr. fiffs, 
vii, a mouse 

fMu^myj/t wiros: a gadfly; from its 
stiDg, applied to a goad or spur ; a 
horse's spur. — Fr. fAvui and Hxj/. Ap- 
parently, from its molesting the eyes 
of the animals it attacks, so as to 
make them ftrink or close tiie eyes 

MmxaofAai : 1 mock, deride 

Mci^Xof: battle. — Qayardy re 0v- 
yeiy Kal fJLSXoy''Apfios,'' Hodi. 

MmXv: the herb mofy 

fiiiXw: slow, dull. — M.w\vs h fiwKov 

M6Am^, 6 : a weal or mark of a 
stripe. — * Fr. fiCiXos and Sif/« A mark 

from a battle/ S^hl. T J n^Xi^i ah- 
rov lAetire, NT.: With his stripe 
you were healed 

Md/iof, fxUfAnp: ridicule, blame, 
censure; a faul^ deserving censure. 
— Hence the Ood Momus, who con- 
tinually satirized the Gods and turned 
to ridicule whatever they did. Hence 
Lucian says : * Which no one, not 
even Momus could ridicule;' and 
Plato : * Such a person not even Afo^ 
mus could ridicule ' 

Mwy : whether? — Possibly fr. the 
transposition vwfi is num, ' So forma 
fr. nop^ilt Val. 

fiiitw^: for fjLoy-m'vi', applied to 
horses having the hoof undivided or 
solid. — Fr. fxSvos, owj 

Mai/DOS : foolish, silly. — For fiAepos 
fr. fidtt, I am rash, L. ' Amor mores 
hominum moros facit,' Plant. ' Hoc 
utimur more marOf* Id. 


N' : 50. N, : 50,000 

N^jSXa, paiXa : a musical instru- 
ment. — ' Disce etiani dupiici genialia 
nMia(pr,naulid) palm& Verrere,*Ov. 

No< : fue, verily, indeed 

Naiof, diosi a Naiad, a nymph 
of a fountain or stream. — ' Fr. vaia, I 
dwell, or yda, I flow,' Fac. 

Nacx^ : the same as yai 

Noiii, v&^ : 1 dwell, inhabit. Used 
also of places inhabited. 'Nciw is 
transitive, veUu intransitive,* M. — 
Naldifs vaiovffai rat ir 17yds. See 

rdai : hide, fleece. — *Av be vaKtiv 
iker* alyot iv-rpeilieot fieyuXoio,^ Hom . 
Hence Lat. naca, nacca, nacta, natta, 
a worker from wool, a fuller ; gene- 
rally» one who exercises a low art ; 
and, hence, a low fellow : ' Non pu- 
det ad morem discincti vivere Nac^ 
ea?* Hor. 

Ncffia, aros: a stream. — Fr. v^va- 
fiai pp. ofyaia, I flow ; wh. probably 
Naibs, a Naiad 

JSlayos : a dwarf. — ' Nanum Atlanta 

vocamus, Athiopero cygnum,' Juv. 

Naof : a temple. — Fr. rdia, I In- 
habit. The habitation of the Deity. 
' When in Greece men were still 
living in the open air or in cottages 
scattered up and down the country, 
they began to build bouses for their 
Gods,' 4&c., Vk. Hence Val. de- 
rives the naFe^ of a church 

NdTo$, €os I a grove, woody valley. 
— ' Munera supplex Tende, petens 
pacem ; et faciies veuerare Napneas^ 

yatrv : mustard. — ^The same as al* 

fiapboi : nard, spikenard 
y&pdrii : a reed or cane. — Uvp wait 
*laTeT6io''EtK\e\j/ ay&punroien AcosTapa 
firirioeyros *Ey KoiXf yApOrfKi,^^ Heslod 
Napjcij: torpor; the torpedo, *a 
fish, which, if touched even with a 
long stick, benumbs the hand which 
touches it,' T. — Hence narcotic. * A 
nm'ce narcissus dictus,' says Pliny ; 
its odor being suppiosed to produce 

7 To fly from death and the battle of Mars. £B. 

8 F» took op the fleece of a well-fed large 10 The son of lapetus stole fire for man 
gINit. from the wUy Jove in a hollow cane. 

' SoiBO derive it fr. yws, from its form/ 


tiapKiaaoi : llie narcitsus. Sue 

Naff^os ; a stream. — Fr. viyaafiai 
pp. of I'udi or vAiai 

vau and y&eam : 1 heap up, pile, — 
Ac TpaireSai elaiv e-Ki.-1'eyaiTfiivai &ya- 
OwvTruiTtLiv," Aristoph. Nuw seems 
Bllietl to yiu,. Or yaui, wliicli h, 1 
flow, muy mean bere, overflow 

ram-as: a cake. — NaaTui fi nfirefi- 
fiivos,'^ Arislopli. 

Nav-KXijpos: the owner or master 
of a vessel. ' NaoKXijpetu, navem re- 
go ; lion, ut gubeniator, eed ut ma- 
gister,* Bl,— Fr. I'oDi and K\ijpos. One 
wlio bus a sbip as bi^ lot, iulieritance, 
or poasessiun 

vauKpapoi; 01 irpurans Tuf compa- 

pUIV OITTCp ll'C/lOV TUTe TUi 'Aftjl'Ot, 

Herod. '£. explains il ri)>' Kpapuf ec 
Tp rtfi aipovTct, taking the bead in ibe 
ship 1 pilots. This is by no mt^ans 
abaurd. For both the Grci-ks and 
Roll lans compare arepublii; to asliip, 
and its governors lo pilots,' Pt. 

NaiXa: See^ri^Xa 

NauXoi' : ibe fare paid for & sea 
passage.^Fr. vavs. ' Furor est post 
omnia pcrdere naulutn,' Juv. 

Nau-Xoxoi: lilted as a bed for 
ships, — Fr. XAex" pm- of ^^X"' ^''■ 

NAYS, gen, vaos, yeiis, vtjos : 
naVis, a ship. Hence va^t]s, naula. 
And nausea; properly, sickness on 
board of sbip 

NuuadXoi': the same as yaiXoy 

tiavoBXiui: I carry on board of 
ship on receipt of the vaiatiXov'' or 
fare. NauDfJXou^ai, I am carried on 
board of sbip on payment of the vau- 
a8\oy, T sail. But £i:-vavaO\iiatTai is 
translated by Tz. in Lycophron. She 
shall be cast out by ibe waves. Ap- 
parently fr. ecanri mut : She shall 
be cast from the sbip 

Natrir/a, yavrla : sen sickness ; fltfu- 

NAft ^H 

'' Nqu. ; I flow. See Naiii ,^^ 
Niiiii : I pile. See before yaaros 
Nfoi : new, fresh ; newly-born, 

youthful, young. — Hence («ePiM=) 

noVus. And Nea-polis, Naples, i. e. 

the new city. New in Saxon is neow 
yiatpa : See viiaipa. 
NEaXifc: unfatigued, — 1. e, fresh, 

fr. yios 

Neb.-, vfav, 

I, recent, fresli. — Fr, 

NEoroc, fEi'aros : the newest, the 
last which has appeared ; last, ex- 

Naur>)i : nauta, a » 

, — See 

Nri^Sa: bitumen. — See the p 
«age quoted un aafoKios 

NJui: I cause to inhabit, — ! 

VU3.'— Fr. v^os 

yeppiis : a fawn. — Nt^paj- J^""' 
dvuveuo'i, riKos iXafoio roveiiji, ''' 

ve-iiKtii : lately sharpened,- — ^Fr. 

Nc-ijXaro( : applied to cakes made 
from corn lately ground, fr. dXew, t 
grind ; or with more analogy fr, ^Xa- 
rai pp. of cXiioi, in allusion to tilings 
beaten with a mallet 

N^qXvi, ubat: one who has re- 
cently come, a stranger. — Fr. vfor, 
and ^Kv&iiy formed fr. fjXvrat (wh, 
proS-elt/te) pp. of i\idii. See &yiiiir 

THelaipa yaariip, and yeiatpn, and' 
yflpa: extreme or lowest part of tbe 
belly. — For vlaipa. See yiatoi 

NeiKDi, eoi: strife. — Neitos 'Obva- 
aijos Ka't litjXtibfui 'A'^^iXfint,'^ Hom. 
Speaking of the deaili of Eteocles 
and PoLYNiCEH, .^chylus observes 
that they perished agreeably lo the 

NciM : land lately broken up for 
cultivation ; a field sown afresh after 
remainiug fallow for a year or more, 
like Lat. novale. — For yiot, new 

NeiuOev: from the extremity or 
bottom. — For reoOev fr. vim. See 

Net(i>' : newly, recently, lately. — 

NfT/jn : See yeiaipa 
veiaaopm, yiaaofiai : I go, tome. 
— Allied to yioftat. Kai O'pai io'tiiiv 

14 lluld'mg wilh JUtaluns a bxii, |he oS- 




UoXXf ^e^fMTi wpoO'Viffaofiivovs, '^ 

Neicpos : dead. Also, a dead body. 
— H. necro-mahcy ; and nex^ necis, 
aod neco 

N^rrap, apos: nectar, the drink 
of the Gods. Used by Sappho of the 
food of the Gods 

N^ifvf : dead. — See vexpos 

Hfi/jietris: just indignation, repre- 
liension, vengeance. The Goddess of 
vengeance. Ni^eais, says Bl., was 
the anger of the Gods towards those 
who by word or by deed arrogated 
to themselves more than became 
mortals. — Fr. vifjiw, tribuo. A dis- 
tribution or dealing to every one ac- 
cording to his deserts. ' Now» in the 
name of Nemesis, for what are they 
to be grateful V Byron 

Ne/ieffabi: I am justly indignant, 
revenge. — See above 

Nifjuo: I distribute, dispense; I 
dispense justice, or administer the 
government, I rule, govern ; super- 
intend. It is hence applied to pos- 
sessing and inhabiting a house as 
one*s own.— Fr. pm. vivofia is otico- 
-vofAla,^"^ (wh. economy) a proper dis- 
pensation or direction of domestic 
affairs; and astro-nomy ^^ 

NifjM fUpos or fidlpav : I attribute 
much, pay regard, respect, or rever- 
ence to ; give the preference. * Tibi in 
scribendo priores partes tribuo 
quam mihi,' Cic. So vifiu trk Qeoy, I 
attribute to you the character of a 
God, I think you a God. See above 

'Si/iia : I feed sheep. — Perhaps 
from the idea of assigning to them 
their pastures. Some connect with 
this the Nomades, Numidis, Numi- 
dians, a people who perpetually 
changed their abode to find food and 
pasturage. Fr. vifna Festus derives 
nemus, * locus qui pascua habet' 

^ifios, €os : a pasture ground, 
nemus. See above 

NeWi^Xof : silly. — Allied to veyos 
and vevyos, and ninny 

Neo-yiXoj: recently born. — Sup- 
posed to be put for yeo^yiyos fr. 

Neo-yvos: recently borD.«-«For- 


NeoXa/a, yeoXelal a collectioil of \ 
young men ; the youth. — ^Photius ex- 
plains veoX^a by yios \a6s. Rather, 
veos Xeus 

Ne-oXfc/a : a place where ships are. 
hauled in. — Fr. yeifs and SXtca pm. 
of ^Xkw 

^iofxai : I go, go away, go back, 
return. — Avdis vpos iQfia Acos /Lteya- 
\oio vioyro*^ Hom. 'Ec Tpo/i|s irvri 
yrfval vewfxeda, Id. '' > 

Ncoy : See yeloy 

Ncos : See before yiaipa • 

Neofferos, yeorros : applied to birds 
recently born. — Fr. yios 

Neow/a, yeorrla : a nest. — Sec* 

NeoxfJtos : the same as yios 

Nivovs, obos : an ofi&pring, de- 
scendant. — H. nepos 

yipde : under ground, below.^ — - 
See eyepoi 

yipTepoi 0€oi : the Gods below. — ^ 
See eyepoi 

* N^pros : some bird 

Nevpov, vevpa: a nerve, sine^ ; 
hence, the string of a bow or mmsi- ; 
cal instrument ; and, metaphorically, •• 
strength. — Fr. vevpFoy is Lat. nerVus 

Nei/di: I nod, nuo, innuo, nuio; » 
I assent by nodding, annuo; 1 in- 
cline or verge to or towards 

NevfrrdSta: I nod, beckon. -?- Fr. 
yiyevarai pp. of yevat 

Ne^^Xij : a cloud ; darkness. — » H.. < 
(nephila, wh.) nebula, as ' amboMr*' 

ve^eXij > a very THIN kind of net.. . 
Ovid has * Vellera nebulas aequah- 
tia.' Ma vayibas, fia ye<l>i\as, fjia hU- 
Tva, Aristoph. 

Si<pos, eos : a cloud, vei^Xri 

Ne^pot: the reins or kidneys. — 
* Asthmas, nephritic pains, and ob- < 
structions,* Berkeley i 

N^of, yw, fut. yrioia, and vevai^ fr. 
yeiiuf : no, I swim 

N^fif : neo, I spin. * Sic sedit, sic 
culta fuit, sic stamina nevit,^ Ov. ) 

16 And having seen them (the enemy) 
coming in a great stream. 

17 From mkos, a house. 

18 The science of the method hy which 
the stars are directed. 

19 Comp. irX€^/u0y, trv^dtuav ', Xirpoy, vf- 


20 They went back to the house of greilt 




Also, ' [ heap up as a thread wojnd 
into a ball; pile, accumulate,' J. 

yeap^s : Neup^ jiaaTpujfov rerftri- 
fiinoy, Soph. * fieiapii signifies nolliing 
more than yioy. It is here userl ad- 
Terbially foe lately,'^" Br. 

Neilipiov ; a dockyard, — Fr. vtiit 

Viiat: tile NEW year. %lc viuira, 
against the new year. — Fr. yeos 

NeuCTTi : lately, yiut. See vtiov 

Newrcpifw : Iwish and attempt to 
introduce a NBW system of lliings, a 
change of the govemnieiil, as Lat. 
'res NOVAS molior.' — Fr. yeuircpoi 
comparative of veot 

NH : a privative prefix. So ' ne- 
scio' is, non scio ; and ' neuter,' is 
ne Uter. So ' none' is, ne one ; * nor' 
is, ne or. Bl. doubts the existence 
of iq in this seuse, and thinks that v 
JQ compounds ib put for dv 

N;): a particle used in making 
concessions or assurances ; as, tiq 
d/a. Yes by Jove. Ni) rovs ®eois. Yea 
by the Gods. E. supposes it a dia- 
lect of yai, na, verily. A preposition 
seems to be omitted 

vrt'-yaTtot : newly made. - — Fr. 

yeyarat pp. of y&ui^^ytyui. Nf) is 

here for via fr. ye6s 

N^yperoi: nut to be rained or ex- 
cited,-:- Fr. y^, iypu^i^iyeipw 

vilhvfioi: Ala i' viii; ij^c yjiivflos 
inryot, Horn. Generally translated, 
sweet ; as if fr. ijbBi and vij, very, 
which is however generally a priva- 
tive prefix. Some translate it, 
deep ; fr. yi) and hi&viiai pp. of ivim' 

yribit : the belly ; womb. — KuicXmi^ 
Heyakipi ifi-Tr\iiaaTo yiihvv,'^ Horn. 

Nijiw: I pile up. — For ceiu 

N^Ow: I spin. — Fr. viii, a. ]. p. 
iriiSny. See aMOu, 

N^iE, "ihof : not knowing, igimranl. 
— Fr.>'i),andi&>'a.3.ofetiw,>>lliedlo 
e'lhlifH. Nqu eiif crapoii S/ia yii'iiriv, ^ 
Ap. Rh. 

N^oTot ; incurable. — For j-i;- 

-dwaroi fr. Srt^Toi p. of/ttto/tai. S« 

NijXe^s : without pily. — Fr. v^, 

yflXtiros: with out. shoes. — Fr. »^, 

NijXijrjJt: without fault. — Fr, vlj, 
dXiJrqc. See <lXir^iii 

vtifiepTiit: unerring. — Fr.vifjd/iiiprw 
N^vc/ior: unruffled by the wind. — 
Fr, y^, Areftot 

SifTtias: an infant; inraiiliDe, igno- 
rant. — Fr. vi), ivu), I speak. So ' in- 
-faiis' is ' non fans' 

►ijTriirioi 1 the same as viprtot 
yiipiTosi immense, very great. — Fr. 
vi) and Spiral pp. of eplSw: ' So large 
that there is no contending with it,' 
EM. Ka! waira (ioS rire rlipirot SXi,* 
Hrsiod. Nqpiros ib/iij i^apfiaxoVj^ Ap. 

ytjpoi : moist. ' Perhaps for yae- 
pas fr. vAu, I flow," L. Hence Ne- 
reua. But some read veipoi, lowest. 

Nqimt, }) : an island. — Hence Pe- 
lopon-nesKs, the island or peninsula 
of Pelops ; Chnso-nesun ; and the 
modern name Poly-netia " 

yflaaa: a duck. — ' For t-fitiraa 
(fr. yrjbs gen. of vavs), i. e. like a 
boat,' L. ' From via, 1 swim,' 
EM. "lie iruit rfiaaa Ko\vfi0^, An- 
acr. See how the duck swims 

N^Tii : fasting, hungry. — Fr. yii 
iind iarit, eating; ft. larai pp. of 
Ihui, edo, wh. Lai. esl, estur, estrix. 
So Lat. ' in-edia' 

N^T-7): the lowest chord in the 
lyre. — For ye&rri ft. riarot 

NiJ^u : I am sober.— Possibly fr. 
I'll and 3^ P- of atrra, wh. am-ofiai, 
1 touch; or, which is the same, fr. 
vi) and a^fi. iel rov eiri-mroirov tl™ 
vnf dXio^,' NT. 

* NifxardXaiTtn; a word occurring 
in Piuiarch, supposed la be corrupt 

vii-yuTUi: widely diffused. — Vr. 
nixvTai pp. of X""- Ni; has here au 


SO Some compound it uf vt'oi and 

1 J. fiLDcifully inuiilHlei it. vital; fi. r 
hicli he tnmaliileg, the vitals. 
a The Cyclops eileil liii pent lietly. 

d b; suroe lale geogni- 

7 it bebof M n biibop to be solxtr. 


Vite^tUiye Aeatiing as probably in 
N^X^ : I swim. — Fr . y^^viyca p. of 

*piy\af^osi a musical instruroent ; 
pcrliaps, says Br., not uolike a fife.->- 
A^Xuv, KtiKevaTvy, vtyXapiify, avfuyfia- 
T^y, Afistoph. 

'SiSia : I washy as my bands, &c, ; 
rinse. — From the pp. viyirai is sup- 
posed to have flowed virpovp nitre^ 
'id quo possis vHeiv* N/£(j is the 
same as %'ltr(rm^=vlrTm^=vl'imit 

Niicaw: I conquer, — Hence the 
two cities of Nico-polig^ * I certain- 
ly did not mean that the Saxon min- 
strels had ever sung i^ triumphal 
epi-nicion on Hengist*s massacre/ 

Ncy : the same as fur 

"SiwTw : I wash my hands, &c. — 
Xerp xeipa vimti^ hiiKTv\6% re ddvrv- 
Xoi',? Prov. See W5« 

viotfofiai : See veLoaoyLai 

'Sirpov : nitre. See y/5« 

Wi^oSf eo$ : snow. — ^Fr. vifoi or v/- 
Vqs is nix, (for nivs) nivia 

NOO:/'' vovs : the mind, intellect 3 
^ thought as opposed to a deed ; a 
thought, idea ; meaning, intent ; fore- 
thought, prudence. — Hence the com- 
mon expression, * a man of nous** 
* O aid, as lofty Homer says, my 
mnu/ P. Pindar 

No^w : I comprehend, think, mean, 
&c. — See y6os above. Hence M. de- 
rives yvoi^y yydu. See yiyyCtffKQ, Ov 
yap Tis y^oy iXKos lifxeiyoya rovie yoff 
irec, '* Hoqi. 

N(^s : illegitimate, spurious. — 
' Theban4 de matre nothum,' Virg. 
Hence Darius Nothus 

voii/k€% : the ribs of ships. — ^lE^wkay 
yap yc/jukas Iriiis woififr^yTai, Trcpc-rc/- 
vovoi Tovraiai buj^ipas eidfeos Tpovoy, 
ical f:aXa/it}s ^Xfiaayres wdyro nXdioy^* 
&c., Herod. 

Ndfiofi law, rule, custom. — Fr. 

191 NQM 

viyofia pnh <tf vifM, For hwa ad 
MINISTER to eacli his •wa. Heaoe 
deuiero-nomy (see ieunpoi) and nn- 
'Sofios: a musicsd note or air; a 

sonor. — Fr.yiyofJia pm. ofyifjua, I DIS- 
TRIBUTE. In words and sounds, says 
Fac.^ ' modulus* is a certain measure 
and DISTRIBUTION of varieties an^ 
differences, which is the ground of 
the art of music. 6^7^ r6fioy C*9t>- 
fioy, '^ .£scfa. 

^ofAOii a pasture. — -See yifiw^l 

Nofios or yofws : a distribution or 
division of land, district, province, 
territory, estate. — Fr. yiyofia &c. 

No^^: pasture; the act of pastur- 
ing or feeding. The voyiii of Are 1% 
the feeding, i. e. devouring violence 
of fire. No)ui) is also, distribution, 
share. See above 

^ofjUSw, ffia : I enact yofiov, a law. 
I observe as a law or custom. I am 
accustomed to use or have. Ta yo* 
fjLi$6/i€ya, things which are custom- 
ary. Applied to the ceremonies on 
the death of friends, or, more cor* 
rectly, to the expiations which were 
made after their burial 

NofAiSiif, ma I 1 determine, am ot 
opinion, judge, think. — ^I. e. I pass 
into a law, decree ; or I give my opi- 
nion on a proposed law. Comp. ' sta- 
tuo' and * statute.' Dm. translates it 
' ATTRIBUO quid alioui rei.* Secf 

No/i/^w &€ovs : I am of opimon 
that the Gods exist, or believe in the 
existence of the Gods ■ 

l^SfuwfAa, aros : usagef. ' Money es- 
tablished by law, current coin', J. — 
Fr. yeydfMriJiai pp. tof yofU^ fir. yo- 
fiossxvowfws and I'oy/u/iof, wh. mfnr- 
mu8, * Regale nvmuwia/ Hor. 

No/ios, yofios: See before y^firf 

Noos : See before voit^ 

yovw, yoveos : disease. — KXif<# 0^ 

8 One in Armenia, built by Pompey in 
memory of bis victory over Mithridates ; tbe 
other in Thrace, built by Trajan in memory 
of his yictory over tbe barbarians. 

9 Hfl^ washes haaid, and finger finger. 

10 L. i^id Vk. derive it fr. iSiyoa pm. of 
yioft I spm, weave. Nods Vk. defines, ' qui 
glomerat, coa^^t, cogit, cogitat.' And L.s 
* qui ideas conceptai nectit.' 

11 For no one else will think a better 
thought than this. 

12 For, when they have made the ribs, of 
withy, they stietch over them hides by ^ay 
of flooring ; and, having covered all the boat 
with straw. Sec. 

13 li6iAos iyoiMS, cantilena non canenda. 

NOi: It 

iyii fMfiiiyuT all a/UKpay voaot, N"o- 
-oaitt'&v.ei yiagfia rout ixSpovt eru- 
■yiiy, '* JEech. "Ea fie rpie rjj j-tl^ry 
roaelv, " Id. 

NoffTOi, yoauia : llie same as veoa- 
aiis, pcoaala 

Non-Ew : I retjni liome; retiini; 
simply, I go, arrive,- — Nooti/ioc ^/lap, 
Horn., Tlie dny of TEluni 

tiiffiptftpiy: apart, separately, — 
Noa^iv &r' aWay, Hum. 

tioatj,i$ofiai : I separate myself 
ttam olliers. 1 desert otliers. 1 se- 
parate for myself and for my own 
-UEe, appropriate, steal.- — Fr. voaipi 
, Noris, moisture. — See helow 

Noxos; notus, the south wind. — 
Tr. i-orit, moisture. So Horace: • lo- 
njus iJi>o cilm remiigiens sinus Nolo 
carinam ruperit.' So Virgil has ' bu- 
midus ausler' 

^ov/jfios : ntunmiM, money. See 

HovrBeriai: I put in mind, ad- 
monish. — Fr, vol;! and Tiderat pp. of 

. . 'Sous : See befure yoiia 
. foi'7os : See v6ao! 

yv : the same as vvv 

Nuirrepii, I'Eot : a bat, — From its 
flyiDg fVKTos, node, by night 

Svfiipii : ' for yiM^n fr. I'ci'u^a p. of 
I'ii/Bw preserved in Lat. nubo. It is 
allied to pitf^ot, and received (he 
seqse of a bride from females cover- 
ing their head with a veil, when pre- 
sented to their husbands. Hence it 
me^at any young girl; and was ap- 
plied also to designate semi-guddesses 
or mjmphs; L. 

Jiv/iipios : a bridegroom, — Fr. viifi- 

Nu/i^i)-\jjjrro! : frantic. — Fr. X^- 
Xflirroi pp. of \iil3ui. Seized by the 
Nymphs. ' Lymphs were called 
from the nt/mph/e. It was said of 
old that whoever saw a form from a 
fountain or llie image of a nymph, 
became frantic. Hence I'u^^d-ArjTr- 
roE and lymphatus,' Festus. ' Im- 


mcnsam sine more furit lymphatU^^^ 
tirbem,' Virg. 

Nui-,'' vvyii now, at ihiB lime: 
jiisl now, already; all but now, di- 
rectly. — ' Fr. i-iiv y* or tvv k' is nunc,' 
S. The Saxon is nu. See fv 

Nuv: now, as a particle of con- 
nexion ; i. c. this being the case, 
then, therefore 

NYE, gen. vua-os, ii : nox, noetia, 
the night 

Nvbc : a daughter in law ; bride. 
—Hence Lai. nuRus 

viiaau, Ju : I g^ad, prick, pierce, 
— Hence oniaau, Ju, wb. ow(, a 

yiiaaa: the poal. — ' Fr. viiaaw. 
For, as the racers draw nearer to the 
goal, tLty spur their horses the 
stronger. So Gregory says ; Klvro 

Tov TCaiXov JTEpi TifV vvaaav. Goad 

your horse about the goal,' St." 
NuiTTnSu : the lame as ytvara&ii 
fivyios: nightly, by night. — Fr. 
vvypi allied to vbJ, mirds 

Ni^yaXa, av: sweet and luscious 
mesBBB, — Perhaps for I'cd-yaXo, fr. 
vkoy ydXa; as made of new milk 

mpjous : toothless, fr. rij ohoi/t ; and 
voiceless, fr. ri/ avili 

vadv', I'uiOpdt : sluggish, — Fr. vrl 
and ui6ia>. One whom you canaot 
impel, S. But L. supposes ylj here to 
mean, very ; and translates yui6^t, 
one who requires to be much im- 

NiSV, fjj ; we two. — H, nox 
viuXe/i^s : constant, assiduous, — 
' Fr. vi) and SXi«, I roll. Not rolling, 
steady, permanent.' S. Mnpvatrni 
ruA^liii aUi, Horn. 

Kufiaia : I distribute ; I rule, di- 
rect. — Fr. vivoiia" pixi, of v^pw, as 
arputtpAbi fr. eatpo^a pra. of arptfiv 

yui/iiui; 1 move round, ribraie : I 
move or turn round in my mind, agi- 
tate, verso mente. Also, versor, I 
have my converse in or am conver- 
sant with a place, have my abode iu 
a place. — rleXipiov eyx"' ecii/io. 

14 MeicDij : I p«Fceire that yon are mii 
from na sliglii dbeue. Fromeltieua : I Ehouti 
be labouniig u ' " " '" 


in ttiis e 

n of ti; 

rim'i yfhy. S. refers in great niyaCery 

IT Sume derive it from yiia, idtrtr, 
\S Nu/utw is thought by tile auihor of th? 
Remarks on M. lo be tbe origirial form, which 
sofieticd to vi/ta. This lubject is invdred 




Hom.y He brandished a monstrous 

vwpoip:l>righf, splendid. — Perfaapa 
for vfi6po\l/ fr. vij, ipdu. That wbich 
daisies so that we cannot see. '£v- 
^€ivaaTo vitptnra xakKhv^ '' Horn* 

NAroff, *® 'ov : the back, shoulders ; 
bearing on the back, as a beast of 
burden, for vwo-i^s. — *£ir' tipia 
vSra BaXao9ffis, ' Hom. 

Nitfx«Xi)i :* sluggish, slow.*— Bpo- 
hiiTfrrL re Pkfx^Xip re,' Hom. 


S: 60. S/. 60.000 

-{: Words ending in ( imply 
chiefly increase or magnitude. TIvi^- 
Sos, * fundus/ a farm : wvyha^^ a 
large, ample farm. IlXpvros, riches: 
irXovrai, abounding in riches, TH. 

Saw, (eta, (/cu, (ow, (i/oi, appear to 
have been various verbs, derived 
from the harsli letter £, and express- 
ing any thing which gives a harsh or 
grating sound. Cicero calls this let- 
ter * vastior litera,* and believes that 
the * consuetudo elegans' of the La- 
tin language has exterminated it from 
various words 

Saiyia : I comb, card, divide the 
hair; divide the limbs, lacerate. 
Comp. * carpo' and * dbcerpo.' — Fr. 
f/utit^ as fi^ivu fr. ji&w. I. e. I scrape 
and plane with a comb. Dm. 

aavOos:^ yellow. — SavOos Mere- 
Xaos, Horn., The yellow-haired Mene- 

Sivoi,^ (eiros: a stranger, foreigner ; 
a foreigner received and entertained, 
a guest; also, one who receives a 
foreigner, host. — ' Frigida me cohi- 
bent Eu'Xini littora ponti ; Dictus 
ab antiquis A-xenus ^ ille fuit,* Ov. 
* Euxini MENDAX cognomine lit- 
tus/ Id. 

Hepos, {lypof : dry. — * Fr. J^w. That 
which is easily scraped : This being 
the effect of dryness,' L. To £f}pov 
(i. e. (qp) has been referred sear : ' Ye 
myrtles brown, with ivy never $ear^^ 
MUt. 'He is deformed, crooked, old, 
and $ere,^ Shaksp. 

19 He put on the bright brass. 

20 Fr. viv, yu. That on which are heaped 
burdens, Dm. 

1 On the broad back of tlie sea. 

S Fr. H^ and ix^9 ^ cany, S. 

S With slowness and slnggisfaness. 

4 Perhaps tt» ^aivu, a. 1. p. i^dvOrpf, 

5 Fur l^wi^oi fr. i^» fat. of Xim» Dm. Ffota 
the itnigh and barbarous sound of ^ S. 

6 The sea was aneiehtly called Axenm, 
from the inhospitality of the inhabitants of the 

^itrrtisg ov : a pitcher. — Erasmus ^ 
derives it fr. i^etrrai pp. of (^i^ : i. e. 
polished and planed. Eajma/jiovs 
leaTwv Kal trorripluy, NT. 

Eiuff^vta: I grate, scrape, rub, 
plane, smooth, polish. — $ee before 

^rjvos : See inl-^rivov 

Srjpos : See ^epSs 

Hc0/as : See below 

Si(l>os,* €os : a sword. — "EXvero 5' 
Ic KoXeolo fiiya fji^os,^ Hom. Hence 
xiphiast the sword-hsh : * £l durus 
xiphias ictu non mitior ENSis/ Ov« 

Eoavov : anything planed or po* 
lished ; applied chiefly to wood and 
to statues which were anciently made 
of wood. — Fr. gfoa pro. of {^in 

ao\s : a tool for polishing, a plane 
or chisel. — Fr. l{oa &c« 

.^tvBosi generally considered the 
same as iavdos. * Of the true mean-* 
ing of this word it is evident from 
the uncertain interpretations of tlMi 
grammarians that the ancients enter-* 
tained doubta. Photius explains it, 
thin, spft^ %ht, green, moist, yellowi 
fair, thick, abarp, quick : and somoi 
he siiys, eiplains it vari^ated, good- 
looking, transparent, I ^0ahX not it is 
used of color in the best writers/ Bl. 

Sv^Xi; : a plane or chisel. — Fr. Ifm* 
See ldi$ 

{v^Xff: a kind of sword. — Ylapk 
ri^v ^wvijy fAa^aipav, ovov ^viiKnv Axi- 
iCMVui^i', '^ Xen. 

s.v\ov : wood ; timber; a tree ; any 
tbmg made of wood. — Fr. {vw. That 

coast ; but commerce with other nations soft- 
ened their roughness and the sea was called 
Ewcenw, Fac. 

7 Schl. belieTOs it to be a corraplion of the 
Lat. ' sextarius :' as being a liquid measure. 

8 L. derives it fr. ^(a». See ^(io». And 
comp. ivhxii, a sword. 

9 He drew a large sword firom its sheath. 

10 At the zone a sword, like the Lacede- 
monian (v^Xii. 





which is fit for being Iiewn or planed. 'AOiivti'tiua tiodtaaaa — 

'Ajtre fCf, TpSei. ^uXii atrrvSe, " Huorov : ihe point of a apear as 

Hoiti. being rulibcd and polished. — Fr. 

5YN : a dialectic form of alv IJuorot Ac. 

svvot : coaimon, in common.— For Bvarot : ■ covered place in which 

ovi-at fr. (Tvv, together with, EM. Uie athletes were exercised ; a por- 

SiVpoi'. a razor, Tliingn are said tico for WMlliera in rainy weather. — 

to stand eirl ifipoi Aiti^i which are in Fr. ^IvaTai Sen. A place well planed 

a critical state. — Fr. £uu. That which nnd even. 'Cum in xysto ambulii- 

scrapes the chin ^^^'' *''*'■ 

IvarU.ihas: a polished or fine gar- ziiarpa: a curry-comb or BCrappr 

ment. — Fr. ilvarai pp. of Juw. Htiir- used in baths for the okin. — Fr. !{««- 

rlSai itfiifii-iaavTet trai ^^puiroi' Trcpi- rni Sit.. 

-B^irei,'^ Plato. Homer has: 'A^^i Htu : See Jtuand ^uun's 
6' ap' &fxpp6iiiov taviv iaaff, ov o'l 


O': 70. O.: 70,000 

'O, 'H. TO'; gen. rov, rijs, roD: 
Ibis; the. Almost alwiijs used by 
Homer in the sense of, this. The La- 
tin hi and ka seem the same as ihe 
plural o't and oi. Our word • to' 
agrees with to before nn infinitire : 
' To (to) act so is a sign of folly,' 
This agreement is probably as For- 
tuitous as that of ff (before an as- 
pirate for T i. e. to) and ' th' ' for 
' the.' The article is snmetimes pre- 
fixed to persons, as o Xiutp&rtit, Ihe 
(great) Socrates. So Sliakspeare, 
'The Douglas.' The arlicle is used 
with a participle thus: 6 <pipwy, jlle 
ferens, the (person) bringing, the 
person who brings. 'O, ii. Sic, are 
sometimes used for maX o,'' &c. and 
he; i. e. who. See fi below 

■O : which (thing). Neuter of "OS. 
who«e fern, is 'H. 'Ot, who, ia pro- 
bably allied to b, this. The feminine 
fl, who, and ij, this, diRVr hut in uc- 
cent, which is nothing. 'Os, says 
Hm., did nolancienilysignify, ' who,' 
but ' this.' If this is true, Sc became 
used for ko! ts, '* and this, i. e. who. 
Thus: 'Agamemnon, and this 
man was the son of Alreus, fought 

in Greece,' is equivalent to the rela- 
tive sentence : ' Agamemnon, WRO 
was the son of Alreus, fought in 
Greece.'— Ei/ii & elfit, NT. ; I am 
what I am. *0 yiypaiba, ytypa^a, \A. 
What I have written, I have wrillen 

*0 is sometimes used for, that, 
after verba of saying, knowing, &c., 
like quod. So Terence: * Equidem 
scio, filius QUOD antet meua.' See 

O in some words is a mere prefix: 
Thus o.a\ui is the same as keUu, 




bap, OS ; one with whom we con- 
verse familiarly ; a wife ; a lotrer. 
Hence aapot, familiar intercourse ami 
conversation. Ov fitv iraii vvv Ivnr 
. , . T^ vupiSifieyai, Are vapQifot ]){- 
ecot re, TlapS^voi fiideot r' oapiSeror 
aUiiXoiOT," Horn. 

'0/3cXoi : a dart ; a spit, from Ihe 
form of Ihe dart. An oMhk or form 
of censure in the form of aspil, f-— 
Fr. ^fkos. Hence iffrUirxns, an ofe- 
lisk or high piece of marble or slone 
ending like a pyramid 

'O0o\bs : '° a small Athenian com. 
— Hence the exprefision, ' Dale abo- 

il Bring rae now, Ttujana, wood to Ibe 
city (for a fiincml pile). 

18 Having clolbcd them with fiDegarmenls 

.4cbil!ea, as maiden and young ihbd convprae 
la^iiiliarly logttlier. Or, as Pope iranslalca it : 
• No BcaBon how for calm familial talk, -li 




ium Belisario' 

6^Ua\o¥ : a wbelp. — AeliSiTiay 
wavTWp r* itypo^ydfutv ^cXo-/LiaoTOCS 
Btipuv ofifUKaXoitny, *^ ^cli. 

"O^i/ios : heavy, weighty ; press- 
ing heavily, violent, powerful. — For 
fipifjios. See fipfdtt and the note on 

'Ofipifiit : the same as Bpi/itit 

''O0pvSov: *' a metal clear by re- 
peated decoction or trial. — * Si oro- 
uia argumenta ad obrussam coeperi- 
jnus exigere, silentium iiidicetur/ Se- 

"OySoos: eighth. — See ifibofios 

"Oyica : an epithet of Minerva. — 
^sch. has^Oyira llaXXas 

'Oycdo/Lcac : said of asses braying. 
— Fr. the sound onk, L. 

"Oycos: perhaps the same as &y- 
Kos and uncus. Its primary notion 
jeems to be a curve. It is used for 
the iron hook at the end of spears or 
arrows. From the notion of a curve 
it seems to be used for any thing 
swelling ; for swelling pride ; a large 
swelling mass, bulk, magnitude, im- 

*Oyxh(f€i : a corrupt reading in Ly- 
cophron for oyjcwaec or oyicffoei fr* oyicos 

oyfioi : a furrow ; range ; path. — 
Possibly for &yfios (as oyicot and &y- 
JMM are allied) fr. Ay^iac pp. of &yw.'' 
Oirrc TOP oyfioy Aytiy bvv^ in to wpiy 
iyet,*** Theocr. 

''Oyx'^f ox^il : a pear tree or pear. 

^Oyx"*! ^* ^TX^V yi/paflrrei, fiflXov 
ir M fAiiXf, ' Hom. 

' XyiayfAos, dday^ios : a biting. — For 
iayftoM fr. biiay/iai pp. of baxytt 

*OiaKriu : 1 bite. — For baicriu fr. 
iiiaicrai pp. of haKvtt 

X)ial : bitingly.—For ihi fr. hOa- 
{a< pp. of hcLKyw 

"O-AE, obi : this.— Much the same 
9a 6, as 6 is used by Homer. Ae 
seems to be an adjunct like * te' in 

* is-te,' and • ce* in * hiccc* 

'OSeXoff : a spit, 6fi^6t 

'0^eiJfi» : I make a journey.— Fr. 

'05/ij): smell, odor. — Perhaps foir 
off/Lii), as Ibfjiey for itrficy ; or fr. oboP 
(wh. odor,) a. 2. of ocor 

'OAOX, fi : a road, way, passage. 
Used metaphorically, like ' way' and 

• via.' — Hence Ex-odus* peri-odic 
movements of the heavenly bodies, 
syn-od or congress 

'O^owf, ovTos : a tooth. — Fr. o^- 
fiis=ibiafiissibwf L. Hence {dents=) 
dens, dentis 

'Ohvvri : psin. — ' But strove with 
an-odynes t'assuage the pain,' Dry- 
den. *lls obvvai bvvoy fikvos* kvpeibaOf* 

6bi^pofjiai : I weep, lament.— ^Crropa 
baicpV'j(ioyr€s obvpovro wpo wvX^v,^ 

*Obv(raevi : Ulysses. — Hence the 

obvaffofiai, fut. obwfofiai : I am 
angry. — Dm* supposes Homer to play 
on the name of'Obwaevs in this pas- 
sage: on yv r* *Obvtra€vs 'Apytiuy 
Topa vrivtrl j^apiSero lepa ^e$kiy Tpolp 
ey ehpein ; ri yv oi rdaoy if b v er a o, 
Zev ;' Horn. 

Xibhtbii : an odor. — For itb^ fr. w- 
boy (wh. odor) a. 2. of 6iu 

"OStt : said of things smelling well 
or ill. — Fr. oboy^ a. 2. of o£w, hodor 

'^OSaiya : a foul and malignant ul- 
cer on the nose, distinguished by its 
FETIDNESS, £B. A polypus ; and 
the fish called so. — Fr. o^ia 

"OSos : a branch ; offspring. — 
'£Xe04^wp odoi^AptfoSt Hom. : Eleplie- 
nor an offspring of Mars, i. e. a va- 
liant man. S. supposes that oSu is 
properly, I prick ; that o^w has its 
notion from pricking or pungent 
smells : and o^os from the pricking 
of the bark of trees by shoots 

17 The breast-loTing nhelps of lions and 
of all the Ixeasts which feed in the fields. 

18 ' Fr. fi(r6{w=^fipv». The Greeks under- 
stand fiftitof to be the same as Muy^ &ra- 
-/SA^iv, Aya-«i|8^ ; and apply it to things 
which by e£fervescing send oat a florid foam/ 

19 Or fr. iya pm. of lywssftyM: See ir- 
•s^yw. «... 

20 Nor can you lead the farrow straight 
as you have led it before. 

1 Pear grows old on pear and apple on 
apple (in the gardens of Alcinous). 

2 Passage out of (Egypt). 

8 Thus pains entered the mind of Atrides. 

4 And sliedding tears they lamented Hec* 
tor before the gates. 

5 Did not Ulysses gratify yon by making 
sacrifices in the ships of the Greeks in wide 
Troy ? why now are you so angry with him, 
Jove ? 

J .. 

oza Li^ 

'OSu: See before (<£aiya 

oSer: for ov, (See Be, Bey) for e£ ov 
(Ttirov), from which place, whence 

SOt: ill which place, where. See 
Hdtr and -Bt 

iiQve'iot: belonging lo a dilTereiit 
tribe or people, foreign.— For iflceios 
{T.lBynt.J. Ti K\aUis; tU f Xh* o 
KarBaviiy • Tvyii. 'OSrelof, Ij nm^vy 
-ytc^i yeyiffi rii ; 'Ofli'«Toi, Eiiri p. 

oBofiafJ' I have a care for or re- 
spect to. — "^kBiv h' kyii (AtaXtyHiu, 
Ouh' oBofiai KOTkovTOi? Horn. 

od&vyf. linen; a aheet: sail of a 
ship. — Tie h' n! ftiv Xearat oOtJi-ot 
ixov, o'l 8i viruj'as, ' Honi. 

oflpij: oMike or equal bair. — For 
iifie-6pt£ fr. n/ioi and flpi'f. So o=a^a 
or: oh. O; ^01. oil me 
or: these; the.— Plural of i 
or : who.— Plural of or. See fl 
01: to him or her; lo hiiuseLfor 
herself.— Dative of a pronoun, whose 
genitive is ov and accus. c, wh. Lat. 
M, as ' seji' fr. II. 

: whither. — Fomicil fr. Sc, per- 

haps for i3( 
olry. B, 

. The a 

^. So oh 
at implies motion to, oikdi 
a place. 'n rX^fiov, ovc uleB' 
AijXifOaJ, '" Kurip. 
h BS. — Neuter plural of 
>ame as the singular t.W, 

oia£, " ai-ot, c: the rudder of a 
ship. — 'OoTit ^uXiaeti irpayof ev wpv- 
fifri TuXfUE, O'iaxa tbifiuy,'^ ;£sch. 

oio£ : b' &KU iraarraXtM^ty Svyiy 
vptov tifti6vtiov, Tlliiivov, ofj^uXoei' r', 
eJ oli'iKcemv dpij/ioj. Hum. : And they 
took from Ihe peg the mule-jokc, 
made of box, and iu Ihe form of a 
boss, well furnished wilh rings. E. 


explains the word Ihui: Oiitm ti 
yvv^ KpUoiTivif euv-ixoy^' r-of Svyir 
n ii ■!>' Av'SifMHToi ai roit {ifuoimm 

• oi/3di : ' the part under the neck, 
the fiiieal part of the ox.' PoUax." 
— See the passage in the note oo 

O'iyu, tv, oiycvot, as ayvvw fr. 
fiyu : I open,— 'Itjei' bi BOpat SoXri- 
fi'iv,'^ Horn, "iti^cr ii Oiipat [itya- 

blia : 1 know.— The pm. of Aim. 
So'novi'p.of nosco' 

Oibiat, oiiiyu, Miahu: I ■WelL'— 
Fr. olhcu, and jroit, voios, pex.ftdk, 
is (Edi-pus'^ 

Oltfta, oToii a Ewelling. — Alficd 

lo oihiu, 

Oliyoy. a swelling, a pulForfiiD- 
gons ball. — See above 

diiifin, QT-Di: self-opinion, conctit 
— Fr. olrifiai p. of olio/iai^rsniefiai 

oi-iayot : having only one vest. — 
Fr. oTot and bivos 

ol-h-ijt : of the like or equal years 
of age, — For u-injs fr. h-os. See 

'O'iSvi, vot, li: wail, grief, — For 
oiSvi fr. e'iSu, I cry ol, oh 

elit'ioy : a rudder. — See o1a{ and 
the note 

OFroE :'° a house. Ointu, I dwell 
in a house, manHgea house. — Hence 
oho-yofiia,''' economy, a proper re- 
gulation of houselicitd afiairs; Si-af- 
rijo-is, diocese ;'' and nap'Oixia, ■ 
dwelling near or ueij^hbDurhood, wh. 
by corruption parish and parochial 

Oiceloi : of one's own household or 
family, donieElic, related, &c. — Fr, 

T I am moTctt on account of iny one. Fr. IS ' Hit faltier gave bin lo > aliQpbeid ta 

oflai=fiflB, Tir. bI»j; who, mored wilh piij sndyetfeuing to 

8 1 do not lare for oi feel cpncem for your »io)atB the tonunind* of ihe king, perfomed 

Wgei- hii feet wilh a •woni; ud running thtm 

A part of these. Ihe wDmen, had thin through viLh a twig, luapended them from ■ 

linen, and the others, Ihe men, had tonics. tree, Oviiiking Ihnl Uius be wouW M.t from 

10 Oniiierableman,jnuknow not whither faniiiie. From the swellino of luHfaetbwi 

'ils JDU luTe the wound he vat cnjled Oidipu,' Fac- 

16 ' Fr. olica pn. of alnt. A place into 
tip, which we retire.' L, Vt. 
IT Sec Wiw. 
Whoerer lakes dare of the busineia in 18 Properly an adBiinirtiation or rs|iili< 

IT to what ei 
nfu. That which bears on tlie 


city directi 

Tiii»i T 

lion, (hroogbuuc 

OiKciliu : I make to be of my own 
family; 1 mnhe or clnitn ti) beloog 
to me, — Fr. oiks'ioi 

)<p. of olccoi 

UlWfu: I build a house; estublisli 
a family; eslablisli n family in a new 
])lace, found a colony. — I'r. olnoi 

OUot : at lioine.— For oiv«< or m- 
Cf fr. oJi-os 

OhoM : See before oiiteloi 

OiiTos ; a cry of itisiiress ; pity for 
distress. Comp. ' miser' and ' cam- 
in iseror ' or ■ miseri-cordia." — Fr. 
olcrai pp. of 011=01. See oiSit 

Oltiit : pm. part, of eixu 

Oiui,'' fut. oiffw, wli. » new verb 
wmu : I bear, brins, carry. — Tii bi 

owfi' 'AyafAeftyv/y Oiiirei is fiiaaijv 

Olcj, olofiat, olfiat : I think. — Fr, 
oiw, 1 carrv, i. e. in my mind; as 
Lat. * dueo' 

Ol/ia, nroE : impetuosity by whicb 
1 am borne. — Fr. o?;iai pp. of o'u 
Olfiai : I think.— See otu 
O'ifit): a way, [wtli ; tract, line. 
Also, a tune or song, as being sung, 
aaya EM., in the public ways.— Fr. 
oJfai pp. of o(w; somewhat like 
ayvih it. &yui. ' Via ii) quS Febtur 
aliquis,' Bl. Hence Trpo-oi/itov an in- 
troduction to a way ; or to a sung, 
a prrlude. ' Miscr% cognosce pro- 
amia rixre,' Juv. ' Thus much may 
serve by way of^jroCTN; Proceed we 
Iherefore to our poem,' Swift 

Olfios, 6, 1; : a way, &c. See ai/iij 
OJ/nuifw : for ti'ifiotSia, I cry o! fioi, 

0IN02 t VdIkos, voiuum, vinum, 


Oiv,,: a vine,— Fr. ohos 

Oiofiai: I think,. — See o<u 

oloc alone, only. — Olrn oiij, S/ia 

j-pye icai &.fi^-irokoi iv' ivorro,' Horn. 

MuaAov otoy ibtare tal oltif riom 

Otoi : such as. Oldt ei/ii and oi6s 
re «i^i £pf V rahr, 1 am such a one as 
to do so, I am one who can do so, 
1 can do so. Ol6v re (e<7ri), it is in 

7 on 

niy power. — ' Fr. ol for di or jl, as 

QUALIsfr. QUA.'S. 'Aw Itrfjif lAoy 
kapiy, Eurip. : But we are such as 
we are, "HyyeiXns oi' jjyyeiXoi, Id. : 
You have atinounced what you have 
-Oil, ....: oris, a sheep 
OleBa: hroiiaoQaioxvlhat. See 

oio-niuTij : the filth of sheep'swool, 

Btaiiiri,.—?!. Sis. 'ZK-ir\iyayraf ri,y 
olajruiTT)y, Ariatoph, 

OfoToi : borne, carried. — Fr, oTorai 


'O'iirrof. an arrow. — That which 
is BORNE through the sir by the 
power of the bow. See above 

Olarpos: a gadfly; anything sling- 
ing or making furious ; fury, freney. 
— Tliai by which any thing ia borne 
oil and stimulated. Fr. oltrroi. ' Cui 
nomen asilo Romanum est, astrum 
Graii verlere vocanles, Asper, acerba 
so nans, quo tola exterrila sylvisDif- 
fiij;iuni urmenta,' Virg. 

OiTKTOE,D[inhn}; the filth of sheep's 
wool. — Fr. oil, ' CEippa quid re- 
dulent, quamvis tnittantur Alhenis, 
Demlus ab immundas vellcre succus 
ovis,' Ov. 




: calamity. — Fr. olrai pp. of 
oiu. ' Totque TULi lerri casus' 
Ac, Ovid. iai-nCv Kaxiiy olrov htl- 

Olifeui : coeo, ut maritus cnm 
usore, — N. comparat wife. Sic ol- 
voi et ' wine ' cjusdem sunt originis 

oiyp/xai* o'f)(iofiai, oiyviiti : i go 

away; am gone away ; vanish away; 
perish. Oixow, go and perish. — ^'AX- 

Xfi ft 'Ohvaaiios Triiflos a'truTai olypiii- 
vnio,' Hum. 'Tiro oufiipopas hi-oty6- 
pt& iilxofeff, Eurip. 

OIui : See before ol^a 

olhivot : a bird of prey ; a bird of 
divination; an omen.- — Fr. oloi. I.e. 
carnivorous bird, «ucli 

Like the 

a taki 

Jllg o 

, TH. 

of Virgii 
fhen.— Doric form of Brt. 

1 Not alone ; two maids followed with 

S He nle only mairow and the ricii fnt of 

3 'I'o sing Ihe bad fate of the GreekB. 

4 Fr. - ' • - — " 

5 But«" 

w for tliG lots of U^uen. "be 


OKE i; 

Ha mk' fip" iff Bko dd^vi. 6-di.-ero, ^5 
TTOKO, rviifai ;* Tlleocr. 

■0«tXX« : tlje same as i-aXu 

^«X<'.£» : 1 full ur sink down on 
my knees.—' For KXd£u-. fr. w\6v,^ 1 
break,' L. KXnu in irs eom(iounds 
is sometimes used in tiie sense of 
BENDING. Oi To'lS Irlroil ^^dX' 
XcffSai fii) ^vi'a/iei'Oi, u£r(ivf OKXaCEii' 
^ifdffKoifO'i,' pint. 

6K\a&of, ui:Xa£: with bentknees. — 
See o\Xa£<« 

oicXa5Iai: a kind of camp siool or 
vehicle ' whicli,' snysSl., 'admits of 
being folded together ; and wlien 
unfolded sinks under as it were.' 
- — See aliQve. 'OxXabins re niiTols 
ii^povt fiptpov 01 irniict, h'a fii'i i.'ad- 
-ikoitv ilit irvxei',' Athen. 

(iiLfof : heailHtion and reltictance 
through fear or sloth. — 05r« tI fit 
hiot 'i^x^' "''^^ ''» oeros,^ Hoin. Me- 
■yav OKfoy f^ui Kai itujiajirjftai, Sopll. 
Hence some derive segnis. "Okvos, 
socnus, sognua {as KBKi'os, cjgnus); 
in an adjective form, gognis, seguig 

uKpii, tot, jf. a sharp stone, rock 
or clifF.^Allied to Sirpn fr. ^«u, actco. 
itroiro! iSov ix' iiicpias ijvelioiaaai," 

oKpiuofiai : 1 am sharp or rough 
in debate, am exasperated will) heat 
of argunient. — Fr. vtpa 

orplflai : a scaffold or pulpit.—' Fr. 
uKptF and /3ai,' L. Compare XvaaPas. 
'Uiiy Ti/y Bi,v kvhpiay ai-a-Pairorros 
irl Toy oapipavTa /itra rav i/iroKpt- 
rSy," Plato 

oKplfiut : a buskin. — 'Ead^n riiy 
Tpay^biay KaTtt-OKtvaaai xai oipi- 
jSayri iii/^Xy," Pliiloslr. See above 

tinpwtis : sbai'p, rugged. — Fr. oupts. 
liirpay oKpioevta, Horn. 

oKpu: Sve afier (iirvoi 

oapvoeii : Some suppose it the same 
as oKpiutis. But it is probably put 
for i.pv6tit fr. Kpiios; i. c. producing 


ad 8^^^ 

or, revolting. 'Otptoett and 6 
arc often itilerclianged in the 
Liscripla ; and ibey are probably 
I edited wrongly Ibe one fur tbe 

'Ocri : octo, eight. Heoc 

Sc)fDi : the same as li^os 

'OXo.:'^ whole, entire, ui 
— H. cat/i-olie. T. compare 

'OXfH|dXal;{-rain. — ' Fr.fiXi 
is, whole, unground,' J. 

oX^os :'• riches, wealth ; g( 
time; felicity. 'OX/Sint, rich; 
— OX/3.0i tfs b' e<pinevae Kai 
reire^^rijp.'s Musxus 

uKiKpayov: the liead or p 
Hbow. — For iXetpni 

■ Oeto- 

>t. That 

od for- 

for iXtrd- 

y It. (iiXirti and Kpa oi 

'OXu, oMo), cXXvu), oXkvfii : 1 make 
to perisli, destroy ; 1 lose, as Lat. 
■ perdo.' ^nx<i, eXuXa, pin., I am 
undone.—' Properly, I roll down, 
precipitate,' Nagel. ' I roll round, 
involve, as Virgil: Saxuin dt vertice 
preccepi Cnm ruit, ... armenia viros- 
queliivOLVENSsecum,' S. SeefiXbi. 
'An-u a oXu Katov kukus, Aristopb. 
'OXuXa, iiijTep, tWef, 'OXuXa,'* A- 
iiacr, "AiroXXoi', ' AjtdXXoi', dir-dXX&iv 
(^Dc, JEnch.: Apollo, Apollo, niy de- 
stroyer. ' And they had a Kitig over 
them, who is the angel of Ibe bot- 
tomless pit, whose name in the He- 
brew is Abaddon, but in Ibe Greek 
Ap-ol/yoH,' NT. 

"OXtdpos ; destruction ; a base mau 
worthy of destruction. — Fr. MBiir 

•OAirOi::" small in number; 
small, generally. — H. olig-arrh}/, ihe 
governmeul of the few 

(iXtyi(-«X^iu ; 1 am of small ac- 
count, of little avail or power, lam 
weak, inlirm, Ac. — Fr. WAu 

oKty-uiptai : 1 bestow but littlvi 

G Where wete Jou therefoto wtien Diiph- 

inj( (he pulpit «iih the actora. fl 

nis pinrd. wlifre »ere you, ye nymphs ? 

12 (.tKhyluj) having fnmi.hrf tri«edj 

7 Tbnw, wlio cannot mount the horacH, 

»u!i a vo.t and «iih a high buskin. • -tj- 

leacb them to sink dovm on their knees. 

e And bojt ctrricd for them some cbii>]> 

ouEcoTntPnNO.'Hor. ^ ^ ^ 

tehicles, in ordtr that they miglit not lie 

13 Fron.8fc*,IioI[, L. 

obliged to have chance unit. 

14 Fr. ifcu, I roll, accnmulate, S. 

9 Nor docs any fear testrain mo, nor Btij 

Ifi Happj ho who hegot JOU, and iiappj 

the mother who brouglit you forth. 

ID Spiei 9Bt on cliffs expoMd to the wind. 
IJ flaring Been jour maDlincss in mouul- 

10 fCupid) taM -- Mother, I am uadom. ' 

17 P('rha}»ro[ \ly»! h.Mm, L. ^H 





«pODy I am careless or iodifflereiit 
about. — Fr. iSpa 

*0\iS(»iy : less. — See aaaov 

oXitrflos: penis coriaceus. — *E| o5 
yap iffjiels npo^horrav MiXrfatot, Ovk el- 
bev ovb* oXia^ov OKTta-haKTvkov, **Os ^v 
hv iijLuy aKVTivri Viifovpia,'' AristoplK 

oXiaQw, -diu : *"! slip. — Perhaps fr. 
oKiadriv a. 1. p. of d\(iii=oXiii, I roll. 
"Evff Aias ptky oXioQe de(oy, /3Ut//€y 
yap'ABhyri,^'' Horn. 

oMtrOu is translated, I penetrate, in 
this passage of Theocritus : Ov ydp 
T€ fieXos bia aapKos oXtadey,^ Perhaps 
it means rolled ; from the notion of 
Yibration. See above . 

oXiaSos: a slip or fall ; a heap of 
men fallen in battle. — See oXiaOw, I 

'OXifas, {ihos, 4 : a s'lip of burden. 
— Fr. SXkq. pm. of IXxw. From its 
being drawn or towed. Hulk, which 
used to be said in this sense, is per- 
haps allied 

'OXxifioy : * a piece of wood at 
the bottom of a ship near the keel, 
by which the ship is drawn/ Schol. 
— Fr. oXkq, &c. *^ir'ia)(6fji€yos yXa- 
^vp^s oXgrfioy *Apyovs ^Hy* &Xabe,* 
Ap. Rh. 

"OXKioy : a pitcher, urn.— Fr. oX- 
Ka &c. Perhaps from its DRAWING 
up, the water.^ 'Ey r^ yvfiyaai^ 
irayres ec . ypvaSiy hXxiiay i/Xefi^oyTO 
KpOKiy^ fivp^,^ Polyb. 

'OXkos : a track, trench, or fur- 
row. Also, any machine for draw- 
ing, a rope &c. See ^Xxta 

'OXXu<tf : See before oXedpos 

SXfios : any round body ; a mortar, 
round stone, tri|>od. — Fr. 6X/jiai pp. 
of SXto, I roll, L. So ' olla * is fr. 
oXXtif, "OX/xoy 6' (US . . icvXiybetrdai bt 
ofilXov, Hom., To be rolled through 
the crowd like a mortar 

'OXoo*, oXoios : destructive. — Fr. 
oXoa pm. of oXiw, as 6o6s fr. Oiw 

*OXodpev(a : I destroy. — For dXe- 

Opevia fr. oXedpos 

'OXoXv^ai: I howl, or cry out, used 
either of joyful or of mournful cries. 
— Formed apparently fr. the sound, 
like Lat. ululo 

*OXoXvyiby, if : some animal utter- 
ing a querulous sound, didcrently 
translated a nightingale, wood lark, 
owl, &c. — Sec above 

oXoo-tftptoy : one who meditates de- 
structive plots. Sometimes written 
oXod-^pbiv, aud then understood to 
mean, who is universally wise, fr. 
oXos and ^prfy . 

*OX6irTUf: I peel off the bark. — 
For XoTTTut fr. XiXova pm. of Xiirto, 
See XevTos. N. compares, to lop 

"OXos : See before 6Xni 

oXoa-xepils : affecting the whole of 
a case, of great importance, critical^, 
very great or large &c, — Fr. xepds 
gen. of xc<P* Taking up or filling 
the whole of the hand. We find 
oXotrxeprfs ayuty, bta-^a, ^ofios, eX- 
wU, Kiybvyos, /uotpa, &c« 

oXoff'X^pks : to the full, wholly, 
entirely, with the greatest particu- 
larity, very greatly, &c.— See above 

oXot^vybuty, 6yos : a pimple. — Mi|- 
Kir* €iri yX^aaas &Kpas oXtx^vyboya 
0i;0rps,' Theocr. 

oXoi^vpofiai : I lament ; pity. — Toy 
bk naT^p oXo^vpero baKpv-\(koyra,f 

oXoifivbyos : lamentable. — Allied to 

oXirri, oXirU : an oil cruet. — ^Apyv 
pias e£ oXfribos.vypoy &X€ul>ap A.aab6- 
fjieyai,"^ Theocr. 

*OXvfAvias, abos : victory at the 
Olympian games. The season of 
their celebration, the Olympian festi- 
val. The interval of four years which 
took place between the festival^, an 

oXvvdqs : an unripe fig. — '[is trvKii 
(idXXei rovs oXvydovs avTfjs, vvo fdeya." 
Xov ayifiov aciofAiyri,^ NT. 

19 £x qao nos prodiderunt Jdiiesii, ne 
olisbara quidem vidi octo digitos loiigum, qcd 
nobis (mulieribus) esset coriaceum aiixiliam. 

20 Then Ajax slipt as he ran, for Minerva 
burt or entangled bim. 

1 For the weapon did not penetrate the 
flesh. See rritffios* 

2 Holding the 6\iefiioy of the hollow ship, 
be drew it to thq sea. 

8 Biirroi'fciAirtirijSiVT^iraY^, Eurip. . 

4 In the gymnasium all were anomted 
from golden urns with saffron ointment. 

5 ])o not any longer grow a pimple on the 
top of jour tongue. 

6 His father pitied h;m as he wept. . 

7 Taking wet ointment from a golden 
cruet. Aa<r8.=Aa|V$^eycu. 

8 As a fig-tree casts away its figs, when 
shaken by a great wind^ : 

SKipa : sume grain betneeii wheat 
and barley. — -"Iiriroi hi xpl \tvi.6f tpc- 
VT&u^i'oi xai 6\upns,^ rionii 

'OKbi'ios : for 6kmot^6\o6t 

*Ofi : a word in the StippUanls of 
£sch^lu3, apparently a sound of 
woe : Stanley reads 09. Tile pas- 
sage is probably corrupt 

'OfioH: iDgellier, in the same place; 
together willi. — Probably allied lo 
&li<t. Ft, o/iov and i\ri, a crowd, is 
Sti-i\ot, an assembted muliitmle. 
Hence u/i-iUo, an address bcTore an 
assembled multitude. H«nte Iht 

'Oftas, uSoi: ail together; a mul- 
titude. — See above 

'O)ialos: a tumultuous noise aris- 
ing from a multitude. — -Vt. iififit, 

'0/jc\oi : plMin, snioolli, regular, 
in regular proportion, equable, equbl. 
— Allied to ofioii. Comp, &fia and 
the ob3er*ations on a/iaBoa. Hence 
an an-omaly or irregularity ; an-oma- 

'O/i-ofiri;: together.^Fr. ifiov and 

ipTaui, So ns lo HAT4G TOGETHEB 

in a continued and unbroken series 

'Ofi-apTiu : I follow together with ; 
accompany. — See above 

" DfiapraSai : IToXXa 8^ j^tpaiv Au- 
yat iifiiprnSe, iaKo''ppaavyi)r aXeyv- 
yuiy, Horn. : And he rubbed his eyes 
niucli with his hands, meditatiug 
craft. Fr. o/iaprfl. See &/ia6ot 
"Ofi/iptfAOf: fuT ojipipot 

'O^^poi ; a shower.— H. Lat. im- 
ber, imbris 

lifaipim, -luw : 1 coincide with, 
meet; coincide, agree with. — '!!/*>/- 
pnai fiM &yy(\os i)i:it,'° Hom. 9iory 
ifitiptvaai, Hesiod. As olfripdi is (r. 
oJyos, so ofiijpoi is fr. ofiiit ot Ofiov ; 
and hence b/itiptiai, said properly of 
persons meeting together 

Jj/iqpot;" B hostage. 'O^i^poi', a 
pledge. — Tout i>i iavroa iraiini lia- 
Kev ofiijpovi,'^ Xen. 

'O^jjlMi; blind. — Some suppose 
that Homtr vtas so calle<i from liis 


Milton calls him 




10 There met me a iwift mesi.ngi 

11 Qui CUM aliquo dalur vel e 
See hftatpiot. 

la He gfire hia soni at IwsUgcrs. 
13 /imnodialft^ he jcnUered llic 

M would I 

'Oit-ikoi : an assembly, crowd, 
multitude.— See after S^ 

'0;iiXew : said of persons assem- 
bling, meeting to converse, meeting 
lo light. — See above 

'0^i)(ia) : for ^ix^*" ^'■/'^/"X" P- "^ 
filyia, wh. Lat. mitigo, L. 

o/iijfX.^: a mist or fog. — For/j/xXij 
fr, fiifii^^a p. of fiiyu. A mixed 
or turbid slate of the air. AirUa i' 
■^ipa /lEV aKiittatv Kal OTr-uiatf o/it- 
XX;v.'" Hon,. 

iiffta, aros : the sight. To ofjfiara, 
the eyes. — Fr. ofifitii p. of uicro^at 

•iftiit, aft6ti, d/ivMU, ofivvfii, us Hiyrii- 
fit fr. fiyiu ; 1 swear. — 'H yXumr 
li/iiafio^', ij be ^pi/v dv-uifioros, Eurip. 
Translated by Cicero : • Juravit lin- 
gua, mentem iiijuratam gero.' "Oji- 
yv^i yninv 'HWov if Ayt'oy ai/ias,'* 

'O^oi," o/ioim: similar, same, 
equal, uniform, proportioned, appro- 
priate. Old age is ofitHot, uniform 
in its operations. Oi o/ioim, the peers 
or nobles. — Hence o^oS (properly to 
like niauner with) and ftfiaXot, Hence 
homo-logous, having the same pro- 
portions, corresponding. 'AnAmno- 
-geneous"^ mass of one kind is «)islly 
distinguished from any other: gold 
from iron, sulphur from alum,' &e„ 

'O/16-yyuii &tol : Gods, to whom, 
as the presiders over relatives, rela- 
tives offertiieir sacrifices in common. 
Jupiter is called ii/ia-yyios, us linking 
closely the relationships of ihe same 
elan, R. — For hfiu-yontm fr. bfios and 
yiyova pm. ol yeiya, 

oitAQey. 'O ytvoiiKfOi oftoBey, one 
bnru from the same parents. 'O/KSeef 
Tjjc /idx'!'' ^iroieiro, he fought ffom 
the game spot with or close with the 
enemy, in close combat. See 6pm 

■O^o'K,! : See o/ioi Hbove. Hi aUi 
rov iifiaiov /iyei Geoi wi tov i/teioy,'' 

and eipetled ilie niisC. 

14 1 swear by the EarCli and the hoi; 
tDDJesly of the Sun. 

15 Perliaps atlieii Id I^io. 

16 From yiros gen. -/(wtot, 
IT ThasituesGbdilwajs 

mnn ti llie slnilBrni 




ofAO'xXiia, and dv i I call out to, 
exhort, cotninand, rebuke. — For 6/lio- 
^KoKita^fr. ofjiov, KoXita. Properly, 
says Dm., when many call out toge- 
ther. So Homer has ttoXXoI o/xd- 
"KXeoy, and iifieis nayres ofw-KXiofiey 
iirieffat. Or it may be properly 
said of one or more calling out to 
many : 6 hk vidaiy oltny ofid-KXa^ Horn • 

'OfxO'Xoyiut : I say the same with 
another, agree, assent ; engage, pro- 
mis6 ; .agree to a charge made against 
me, confess; profess (as evlaratrdai 
6/uo-Xoywy»Xen., professing to know,); 
agree to terms of peace or of surrender. 
— Fr. ofiot and \6yos 

o/iopyu), ofjiopyyvfii : I wipe, wipe 
off. ^^TToyy^ h* dfi<pl irpotrtaira Kai 
&/i<^ X^'P' dv'€pi6pyvv, Hom.: He 
wiped with a sponge about his 
face and both hands. It is thought 
that on some occasions, when it is 
applied to tears, it means, I shed 
tears, and that it is put for fxopyta 
fr« fiifiopya pm. of fi^pyta^safiepyu, 
(as fAcXyu and afiiXyu are allied,) I 
squeeze out 

'O/ios : See before ofioyvioi 

'OfjLov : together with, together, in 
the same place with, &c. See after 
ofA. 'O/ioD is also, close together, 
close up with, near. 'O/uov rov 
&yQyos oyrosy Xeu., The engagement 
being at hand. And, nearly, al- 
most ; in reference to number. And, 
equally: They killed the men o/uoD 
KoX tvTovs, aeque atque equos, 
equally with the horses. — See ofxos. 
From ofxov, together, some derive 
homo, inisy man being a social being 

^Ofidia : I place or join together. — 
Fr« ofMv 

'O/udw : I swear. See after ofifxa 

o/iiru)Sf6finyiog: fertile or nutritive* 
-r— Zrdxw 6/jLwyioy afx^aatrdat/^ Ap. 

SnijiaXos : the navel ; the middle 
or centre of any thing ; any thing 
pfotuberantf as the boss of a shield. 
•— Taaripa yap fxiv ri;i//e wap' 

10 To mow the nourishing com. 
20 He struck him in the belly near the 

1 More frolicksome than a calf, more 
liitter than an unripe grape. 

2 Following the voice of the God. 

% Brave phalanxes, which neither Mars 
comiBg among them would have hkuntd nor 

d/i^aXov,^^ Hom. ^ 

ofjuliaiy aicos: an unripe grape. — 
Mdo^of yavporipa, t^iapuripa 6fJi<^aKOs 
dtjuias,^ Theocr. 

*O/i0^: a divine voice, oracle; 
voice in general. — ^Eni'trwo/jieyoi 
Qeov ofji^^,^ Hom. 

*Ofi&s: similarly, equally, just 
like. — Fr. o/ios 

"Ofjuos: equally, equally for that, 
just the same for that, not the less, 
nevertheless. — Fr. ojuids 

^Oy: See ovriai 

*'Ovap, oyeipos, oyeipoy, oyetpap : a 
false vision or dream ; a dream. Op- 
posed to vTap, a true dream. Homer 
has: OvK oyap dW i/irap. — 'Having 
surveyed all ranks and professions, I 
do not find in any quarter of the town 
an oneirO'Critic or an interpreter of 
dreams,' Spectator 

*Ovito, oyota : I reproach, abuse, 
blame. — ^dXayycs Kaprepac &s ovt 
&y Key "Aprjs 6y6(raiTO /icr-eXOwi', 
Ourc jc' 'Adrfyalrif^ Hom. Scheide 
compares the French honi in * Honi 
soit qui mal y pense' 

"OycLbos, eos i reproach, disgrace. 
—Allied to oyiw 

"'Oi/of, oydiit or ovita, oyrifjit, oylyrjfjiil 
I help, profit, benefit. "Oyrjfiat^ I 
have the profit or benefit or enjoy- 
ment of, — -11 Trarep, df-ovjjr dyoyrfr' 
Mfji(l>€vaas,^ Eurip. 

oyOos: dung. — ^Ev h\6ydov (ioiov 
rrXfjro ardfia re plyds re,^ Hom* 

oydoXevu : I besmear with dung* — 
Fr. ovOos 

oydvXevb) and -d(a : I prepare 
nicely, season well. — Perhaps by a 
contrary change of the sense to that 
of fiiyditif fr. filvda. See 6yOos» Tits 
revdihas ffivtrfxavi XcTrrocf (iaydvXatra,^ 

"Oyofiay Qyvfjia, aros : a name ; re- 
putation; pretext, as we say. This 
was done nominally for this 
reason, &c. — H. an-onymous, syn- 
•onymous, synonyuM 

"Oyoii an ass; a pot with two 


4 O father, you married unprofitahlj. 
*Kif-6vitTa ir, pp.. ivrfrai, 

5 And he had his mouth and nostrils 
filled with cows' dung^. 

6 I seasoned the cnttle-fish with fine 



ONO 20 

long ears. — Hpiice fifii-oyps, a half- 
ass, mule. Hence too S. derives 
onus. He supposes that ovi» sig- 
nified, I loud: tlidt drill hence 
signified, I [oari wiUi abuse or with 
benefits : that cyofia h a name added, 
imposed, under the same notion of 
loading ; Hnd ibal ovos is an animal 
for carrying loads. T. defines an ass 
'an animal of BURDEN* 

XiiDoi: See after orafi 

"(yvTus; as it is, in fact, in trnth, 
— Fr. ofTOi gen. of biv, oliaa, ov, 
being; participle of iJ or lus^njil. 
'The modes, accidents, and rela- 
tions, that bclongto various beings, 
are copiously treated of iu onto- 
'logy,' Walts 

'Oyvfta : See ovofin 

"Oj'uE, vyps, b: a nail; talon, 
claw. Also the onyx stone, a semi- 
pellucid stone ; from its resemblance 
to the color of the nail ' 

'Qvia : See before Svflos 

'Ojus:' sharp, keen, acute, acid, 
rough, quick. 'Stanley has rightly 
observed that ojiis in composition 
signifies qnickness or agility,' Bl.— 
Hence oxy-gen,^ and fr. oiinx/iai pp. 
of ilfiia, I sharpen, is a par-osygm of 
grief, &c. 

'Ojot, tos: sharp wine, vinegar, 
which is fr. the French ' vinaigre' fr. 
' vin ficrc,' vinum acre 

'Ojii, liot: a vinegar-cruet. — 
See above 

'O^vpty/jla : for o^vpetrtfiia fr. 
u^iis and Iptuyfiai pp. of ip^i/yui. 
Ructus acid us 

t'Ooi', oiov. the service tree and 
fruit ; otherwise called the aorb 

'Ooias: the Lat. ovatio. V is 
changed to on; and the Latin termi- 
nation ' atio' gives way to the Greek as 

'Otu5id: I follow, accompany; 
make lo follow or accompany. Heace 
it is used of one causing glory, &c., 
to attend another; i. e. of bestowing 
glory, &c., on another. — Fr. 6wa or 
Sira pm. of Eiroi, wh. l-rrofiat 

•Oirahos, I'-injiis: one who ac- 


companies or attends on another. — 

Allied toiin-oSui 

'O-raTpos: of the same father. 
— For o/M-ffarpos fr. irari'ip, gen. 
iraTcpos, varpos 

'Owaa.v : an attendant.— Allied to 

■■OnTOMAI,'°fut. gi/«^a(: I see, 
behold.— H. optics, op (ic«/ delusion, 

'Oiri) : an opening, aperture, hole. 
— Fr. 6ru wb. oirrui, oirrofiai. That 
through which I can see." T. com- 
pares ope, open 

"Ottij, Smrrj ', for ottt;, dat. fem. of 
Ssot, like Lat. 'quii,' abl. fern, of 
'qui.' "Ojtbs seems lo be allied to 
TToi and OS, 'Qc answers to ' qui :' rut 
lo'quis^': ETrot Xa 'quia' between 
two verbs, as ' Nunc scio guiD sit 
amor.' 'Oxi; is, by what way, by 
what mode, in what way or place. 
Doubting (Sttij) which way he would 
go : ) commit to the God the deci- 
sion (&rq) in what manner this will 
best turn out. Alao, to what place: 
He will send you (Stti;) whither he 
pleases. So we say : he will Mud 
you WHERE he pleases. "Oxij is 
likewise, wheresoever, in whatsoever 
way, &C, "Eirtfflm), there is (a way) 
by which. This is used for, in some 
way, in some manner 

inr-rii'iKa: allied to iriji'/ca and 
ilvUa, as Riri] lo vg and ^ 

oiria: rennet. — See oirdt 

'OTrlSofiai : See after on-ii 

'Oiri'/jia : the Lat. opima i. e.spolia 

'OiriTrreiiu : I look at, inspect. — 
For oTTTtvv fr. owriu wh. owrofiai 

"Ottii, lies : that which follows, 
revenge. 'Otii' is often used jn con- 
pounds, as Kar-iiwiy, t^-oTiy, &c. la 
express, behind, at the back; a 
sense derived from the nolioa of 
following behind. — Fr. Sna pm. sf 
Svu wh. lirofiai 

'Oth, lios : respect to, regard to, 
care for. — Fr, oto pm. of feroi, I wait 
on, &c. See iwi. Fr. nV is Lat. oA, 
as'ab'fr, dx- 

7 "The PoeW make this alona to have, bodies it makes the 
been facmcd b; tlie Pares irova a piece of 10 See iw^. 
Venus' NSIT.8, cut uffbj Cupid with ona of 11 Or, if Jmo ii 
bis arrows,' £&. as &Kai, (see ofiii,) £tv i 

8 Fr. iSjufut. orilKu(wh, udiii, Enift, itnil ture, and jir^, a puncli 
Bcper,) ^^^iiaii, Vk. a^ilurc. 

Geaeratot ofacids. By comhining wi\ii 




"Omi, Ohru, ^ftircf, (like /i6\os, 
fjiodXoSf fxSikos) : Diana. Supfk>sed to 
be so called from her waiting on 
(see ivia, pm. oira) women in child- 
birth. Or from her retributive cha- 
Tacter» being the same as Nemesis. 
See above. Opts is sometimes re- 
presented as an attendant of Diana : 
* Opim, Unam ex virginibus sociis 
sacr^que cater v4 Compellabat, et has 
tristes Latonia voces Ore dabat/ Virg. 

'Oir/^o/iac : I have respect to, care 
for. — ^See the second onis 

OTTi^ofjiai : used by Pindar proba- 
bly in the sense of a favor returned, 
1. e. following another, as derived 
from oira pni. of eww, wb. hrofjiai, I 
follow : x^P'^ f(\(ttv avTi ipyiay oni- 

'Omata : behind, at the back, in 
the rear, after. In reference to time, 
after tliat, ^thenceforward ; after this, 
henceforward. — See the first onu 

"OriffOc, oTTide : for oiritrtade^ from 
behind. — See abovc^OirioOcv eireerde, 

, "ChrXov :'* any instrument ; instru- 
ment *in war, weapon, armor; in- 
strument of a ship, cable, tackle. — 
' lo arms they stood Of golden 
pan-opfy,^^ refulgent host,' Milton 

8ir\ri : a hoof, as being the pecu- 
liar ottXov or instrument of the horse. 
4hitru Kipara ravpois^ ^On\as b* ibutKey 
tiTjrois,'* Anacr. 

'OirXtTijs : one armed ; a soldier. 
Bapvs owXirris and oirXiTrjs simply, a 
heavy-armed soldier. — Fr. oirXov 

"OvXofiai : I provide, get ready, 
instrUio. — Comp. oirXoy, an instru- 
ment. ^OirXetrdai belirvov, Horn. 

"OttXop : See before ottXtj 

'ChrXoTepos : younger. — * It appears 
to come from the obsolete ottXos, 
which still reo)ains in vw^p-oTrXos,' M, 
•More fit forbearing arms,''^ j. 

It is applied even to females : N^^rro - 
pos ofrXuTaTtf dvyaHjp, Horn. : Nes- 
tor's youngest daughter 

6jtot: whither; whithersoever. — 
See owrf, onriyUa, and veil 

'Ottos: juice, sap; the juice or 
sap of the fig-tree used in curdling 
milk, rennet. — H. opium, ' a juice 
partly of the resinous, partly of the 
gummy kind,' T. Also perhaps 

owdaos, oirore, &c. : See ottij and 
irotros, irorf., &c. 

'Oirros : roasted, broiled, toasted, 
baked. — Fr. otttoi, fut. 6\pWf wh. 
opsonium, properly victuals roasted 
or baked. Comp. eyj^ew 

'Otrraiii : I roast, broil, toast, bake. 


"Ottw, ovtw, oKTOfiai, ovreviiif OTrtir- 
reiJw, owravwi I see, behold. — See 
after oiraMv 

'OittIXos:^^ the eye.— Fr. oVrw 

oirw/w:'^ I marry a wife. — Upetr- 
(ivraTrfv b* &irvi€ dvyarpufy 'Imrobd^ 
fxeiay,^^ Hom. 

"OTriatira : for wra pm. of oirrta 

'Owtopa :^^ the autumn; autumn 
fruit. — OvT iy Oepei ovt ky oTrwpiy,*^ 
« oTtws : See otti; and tt&s 

'Opdto : I see, view ; perceive ; 
understand. — Fr. pp. opafxai is pan- 
'Orama, di-orama 

opya^w : I soften, beat, batter.— 
A^i//€£ r^(rt \epaL' opydtras be ahro, 
fire \eip6^fiaKTpov iKTrjTaif^ Herod. 

*'Opyayoy : the means by which 
any thing is done or effected ; an 
instrument, engine. Any thing doue 
or made. — Fr. vpya pm. of epyat, 
H. the organs of sight, hearing, &c. 
And organic. And an organ, an 
instrument of music 

opyaSf ubos : a woody place, grove ; 
a grove consecrated to the Gods. It 

12 Perhaps fr. &ira (pro. of fjr«) wh. Lat. 

13 Complete armor. Fr. ray, all. 

14 Nature gave horns to bulls), and hoofs 
to horses. 

15 Homer evidently has reference to this 
derivation in these words : A<XA*«^ 5* ot'x/teCcf- 
aowri vet&repot'fOXntp ifi(7o'Orr \6Tepo i 
yeydoffi, weiroldafflv re filritfiiv* 

16 Comp. 6pyi\os fr. epyif. 

17 ' Fr. Iha pm. of ^irws=&irtf, I connect,' 
S. Compare a gonnezion. 

18 He married Hippodamifi, the eldest of 
the daughters. 

19 Fr. 6nis allied to oiriato, and &p€u The 
season of the year which follows after, L. 
*'{lpa particularly signiBes the spring or 
summer, wh. &paios is said of one in the 
spring or bloom of life or beauty. 

20 Neither in summer nor in autumn. 

1 He beats it with his hands : and having 
Beaten it, he appropriates it to his own use 
for a towel. 




is sometimes translated,, ground fit 
for ploughing ; as fr. 6pya pm. of 
ipyta. — ^EXdopra els ras (or tovs) 
opyabas, oZ eitriv IXa^oi TrXecerroc,^ 
Xen. ^AirO'TifiyetrSai Trjy iepay Spya- 
ia, Plut. 

"Opyia, lav : the 'orgies of Bacchus* 
or of the other Gods. — Fr. opyrt ; 
from the fury or vehement impetuo- 
sity of those who celebrated them. 
* Nocturnique orgia Bacchi/ Virg. 

'Ofiyj) : tendency, inclination, dis- 
position ; vehement tendency, pas- 
sion, fury, anger. — See above 

*Opydb} : I have a passionate ten- 
dency or desire for, I swell with de- 
sire. It is also applied to trees burst- 
ing forth or swelling with growth or 
with juice. So also to land teeming 
with vegetative power. — See above 

*Opyrl : See before opyato 

*Opyi^(o: I provoke to anger. — 
Fr. vpyri 

'Op^yw, opeyvvfii, fut. dpefw : por- 
rigo, I extend, stretch out ; I stretch 
out the band, give with outstretched 
hand ; give. I thrust forward, ap- 
plied to thrusting forward a dart, as 
receiving an enemy*s attack. *Op^yo- 
/iai middle, I stretch myself forward ; 
^stretch forward to take ; desire like 
one who stretches forward to take. 
— Fr. opkyta, opycj, is probably 
opyii. And to this J. refers Lat. 
erga, towards. Fr. opi^ui is orexis, 
the appetite : ' Hinc surgit orexis, 
Hinc stomacho vires,' Juv. 

'Opyvih : a measure whose di- 
mensions are differently represented. 
Some suppose it to be six feet. — 
* For Speyvia, participle fr. dpey&i. 
The space measured from the ex- 
tremity of the fingers of one hand 
to the extremity of the fingers of the 
other, the arms and hands being 
stretched out,' L. Compare ayi;ii!i 

'Op^yoi : See before opyvia 

'Opciyayoy, opiyayoy : the herb 

"OPOS,^ €0$: a mountain. — Fr. 
opeiyos, mountainous, is orinuSy or- 

2 Having gone into the woo4s, where are 
a great number of stags. 

3 From 6pwt I raise, L. See the note on 
dpos before opovot, 

4 Ft. SpBfjy a,!, p. of tp». 

91115, the mountain ash. 'Adt per 
JUOA Cynthi Exercet Diana chorosy 
quam mille secutae Hinc atque hiae 
glomerantur Orladti^ Virg. 

*Op€tr'K^os : lying on a mountaio. 
— Fr. opos and KiK^a^=KiKoia pm. of 
Kciiif, wh. Kcifiau So kXwos fr. icX€/<i»,Vk. 

'Opeifs : a mule. — Perhaps fr. opor, 
60s; from its fitness for moun- 
tainous exertions * 

opeyQktai *YioXKo\ fxky (ioes itpyol 
6pi\d€oy afjufil (nbfip^ Y^a^6fieyot, 
Hom. : Many white oxen extended 
themselves on the ground, slain with 
the sword. Others explain it of the 
obscure sound uttered by oxen when 
pierced with the sword. If truly, 
this word belongs to poxOiia. Thy 
yXavicay he daXaatrav la ttotI j(€pff6w- 
dpexdeiy, Theocr, This may be ex- 
plained. Suffer the azure sea to roll 
and extend itself (contendere) to the 
shore,' Dm. From opi^Oriy a* 1* p. of 

'Opeu): much the same as opau 

*op0dyi;s: translated, a foreigner, 
in this passage of Lycophron, *0s. 
Toy TrXayiirrfy opdayrfy oray idfjtois • • • 
hi^tayraiy &C. 

*Opd6s:^ upright, erect; direct; 
straight, rectus ; right.— H. ortho' 
'dox, ortho-graph^ 

"Opdios : in a right line ; straight 
on; erect. "Opdioi fiaarolf breasts 
standing erect, not hanging down.— « 
See above 

opdios: RAISED high. Applied 
to hills, lofty, steep. Applied to 
the voice, loud, clear. — Fr. opdtfy a. 
1 . p. of opWf I raise. IIoXi; p^oy opdioy 
a'iiia')(<El levat, rj ofjiaXoy, voXefdrnv 
ovTtaVy^ Xen. *OpOiay oray SaX^rcyyoff 
jj^dli bwiTiy ap'^^-rjyol orpaTOV,^ Eurip. 

*OpOovfjtai : said of things well 
directed. Thus: ' If the expedition 
against the Massagetae opOiadp, is 
well directed or succeeds.' — Fr. 

"OpBpos : sun-rising, day-break.— 7 
Fr. opdrjy a. I . p. of opw, wh. orior 
and ' ortus soils' 

5 It is much easier to go through a steep 
path without battle, than through a level 
one when enemies are .at hand. 

6 When the generals of the army shall 
give a clear sound of the trumpet. 




K)plyavoy: See opelyavov 

^Opiyv&ofjMi I the same as opiyo-* 
fxai fr. opiyof, wh. opiy wfxi 

'Opl$(a : I limit, bound, terminate, 
finio ; separate by a boundary ; de- 
fine ; set, appoint : * God, who has 
set or ordained (6 opitras) the limits 
of the habitation of men,' NT. 
Hence, 6pi$ut is, I ordain, decree 
generally : 'He who has been ordained 
(o iiptfffiivos) to be the judge of the 
quick and dead,' NT. Hence horizon, 
the line which terminates our view 

"Opw : I rouse, raise, excite. — H, 
Lat. orior, I am raised or raise my- 
self, I rise 

*Oplv(o : an extended form of 6pw. 
Com p. ayivita fr. ctyoi 

'OpKavri: • whatever so SUR- 
BOUNDS as to take,' Bl. — Fr. opKa 
pm. of ipKw, as opyavoy fr. ipyto 

"Opicos : an oath, — Fr. op/ca pm. of 
ipKUf. That which acts as a hedge 
or fence to promises. Hence some 
derive Orcus, as through Pluto and 
Styx even the Gods swore so- 
lemnly. Hence an ex-orcUt ; one 
who by ADJURATIONS drives away 
malignant spirits ; used by Shak- 
speare for a conjurer : ' Is there no 
exorcist Beguiles the truer office of 
mine eyes 1 Is't real that I see V 

*Opfia06s : a row, series, order. — 
For cpfjiados fr. epfjiat pp^ of ipat, serOf 
I connect 

opfieia, vpfiia : a fishing line. — 
*Op/xeiai, KvpTOi re, Kal eic vypLviav 
Xafivpivdoi,'' Theocr. 

'Opfirj: excitement, impulse, in- 
stinct, passion, appetite. That 
which rouses us to exertion or mo- 
tion ; exertion or motion. — Fr. opfxai 
pp. of 6pu)z=6pui, I rouse, excite 

"Opfxos: a necklace. — For l^pfxos 
fr. I^pfjiai, pp. of €p(i)y sero ; from its 
being inserted in the neck ; or from 
the notion of a connexion or chain 

"Opfios : a station for ships, har- 
bour. Hence opfiibt^ I gain (he 
harbour or am in harbour. — For 

fyfAos &c. From the ships being oon-^ 
nected to the shore by ropes, $• 
Or' from the notion of stability. 
See Jipfia, Hence irav-opfios, fitted 
in every part as a station for ships. 
Pan-ormus in Sicily the moderns 
have corrupted into Palermo 

"Opvis,^ idos, opvi^, i^os and opveov z 
a bird ; a fowl ; an omen. — H. 
omitho'logy, Fr. &'Opvos h aVemus: 
'Quam super hand ullae poterant 
impune volantes Tendere iter pen- 
nis : talis sese halitus atris Faucibus 
efiiindens supera ad convexa ferebat; 
Unde locum Graii dixerunt nomine 
Avernum,* Virg. 

'Opvvti}, opw/ii i for opWf as ay^^i/Vy 
&yyvfAt for &yta 

"Opofiosi vetches. — Fr. op]3os (as 
fr. opeivos is * ornus') or opFos is pro- 
bably Lat. ervum 

6p6haixvos, and -cs : a shrub or 
branch. — -Tol hk worl ffxiepals Spa- 
hafjLviaiv . , . T^rrlycs XaKayevvres^ 

^OpoQvvta : I excite. — Fr. 6p6Qia fr, 

opbsf oppos : whey. — See th^ pas- 
sage quoted on yav\6s 

"Opoy, eos : See after epelyavov 

*Opos :^^ a boundary, limit ; coast ; 
definition. — H. opiSut, wh. horizon* 
Hence some derive ora, (B 

'Opovcif : I rousie myself to exer- 
tion or motion. — Fr. opia 

^Opo^y: a reed or rush for cover- 
ing houses; a roof.— ;Fr. opo^a pm. 
of kpi^iii 

ofMnyJ," lyjcos, 6 : a branch, bough ; 
rod, stick, pole; javelin. — ^Oyfi 
^aXky TiJ/xFe viovi SpwfjKaif*^ Horn. 

ojipos : whey. — See 6p6s 

ojipos: linea intersecans medium 
scrotum et usque ad anum tendens. 
— Hiiic o^putbito est, horreo, metuo ; 
nam animantia prse metu caudam ad 
oppov contrahunt. *Opputhia fjioi fiii 
Ti fiov\€v€rys KaKoVf^^ Eurip. Ab 
oppuihita Mor. deducit horreo 

*Op(ro-0upri: some kind oF door. 

7 Lines and hooks and nets of nishes. 

8 From opiyw, L. For nothing is more in 
motion nor more swift, Dm. 

9 The grasshoppers chirping by the shady 

10 ' "Opv i«, I elevate. A mountain is the 
most elevated of earthly objects, and hence 
came naturally to be termed 6pos, an eleva- 

tion. It is the most prominent and permanent 
of boundaries ; hence it came to be used for 
a boundary, "apa means a season or period 
marked out by certain boundaries/ Ormston. 

11 L. compares cpirw, pm. 5pxa. 

12 He cut the young branches with sharp 

\Z 1 few you VtW'^Xwil «nitsA -wajM^OM^. 

It occurs in Hom. Od. X. ' Nothittg supposes opyot to be allied to 

certsiu or clear can be said of it. 
Tbe ancient gramniEinans give va- 
rious aud disagreeiog ioterpretBtions 
of it. All descriptions of buildings, 
made even b; artists, are ambiguous 
and scarcely intelligible,' £rn. 

'Opoo-Xojrevui : I lacerate. — ' Fr. 
opw, opeai, and Xottuc, peel or skin. 
I raise ihe skin witit a whip,' J. 

''Opffu:Iraise. — Fr. Spowful.ofilpw "PXi' 

'OpraXis, i6os, fj ; a young hen. 6pj(l\i 
Allied is upTaXixos, a youug chicken 
or putlel. 'Opvidei tpoofpiiy /ir/ripcs 
6pTa\l^<iiy,'* Epigr. 

'OproXfjjos : See above 

oprvi, yos: a (|Uail. Ot re aprv- 
yet ca) of irepSiicei n-poi rrjir^i 8ij\tlat 
fui^y ^ipovTai, Xen, ; Quails aud 
partridges rush toward the voice of 
Ihe female, Quail-fighling was a 
favorite amusement among Ihe Allie- 
nians. See arvfoKowos 

'OpuSa : oryza, Ital. riso, rice, 
'Sumehoc ptisanariumor^scc,' Hor. 

apvitayhos:'^ noise, uproar. — ITo- 
XSt b' opvuayhut opdipei,"' Hom. 

6pvaaiii,ift : Idig.— 'Ein-oofle>'S^/3n- 
Beiav opii^ofiev kyyiiBt rafpov,''' Horn. 

op»i, ^oe: a kind of wild goat.— 
It has its name, says Columella, from 
its horn being like the inetrumeut 
of digging called £pu£ fr. 

the principle of order. govemmeDt. 
'Op^afie \aiuv and op\afiot &vbpay 
are constant expressions o( Homer 

-Opxaro.: a series put well in 
order, row ; row of trees ; planta- 
tion, garden. — See above. ' Or- 
chard" Milton writes orchat, pro- 
bably fr. (ipj^oror,' T. 

'Opjf^n/iat: 1 dance. — Fr. p, 
is orchestra '" 

r: some bird.— "Op x'^"' iipvis, 
Arisjopli. The Schol. fancifully 
makes it a libidinous bird, and de- 
rives it fr. op^if 
"Op^ii :'° See the note ^h 

'Opid : See before ipiria ^^| 

*0£ : who. — See S after o ^^| 


orrrjfiipai : See oac$ 

"Offios;" stained by no crime, 
holy. ' It chiefly signifies one who 
is reverent towards Gorl or pious,' 
L,— 'Av-otriiraroi Bivot Uhpat^ey 
ipyov Av-ooiiraroc,' Eurip. 

Satoi is frcquenlly opposed to 
I'epoi. Photius says: 'Oata' ra Xhtm- 
Tina >;a! ^i) Upa. Plato has : tepo 
Kai 5am, sul liin tai bii/ioant. On 
this sentence in the Arundel Mnr- 
bles, McirBovaQai H !i raflias rue oaluy 
wpou-ubiay rat ohias, R. observes 
that the context shows thut iaiuy is 

opt/X^ : digging. A pig's snout, has proved a great sliinibling- 
a instrument of digging. — Fr. Upv^a block to the uanslutors 

p. of opvaaui 

'OpfttfOi :bereri,asof parents, hus- 
band, posBCBsion.", &c. — H. orphan 
'Op^tTj : darkness. — For fjpo^nci) 
fr. opo^d pra, of ep^^b) 

op^ui : some tish. — See the pas- 
sage c] noted on pcfi^pas 

upxafios : a leader, prince. — One 
who puis in order, arranges, fr. 
Spxor, (wh, Spxiro!,) a series pot well 
in order and arranged, Bl. Junes 


16 And mutli uptoai 
IT On tlie oQtiide vit will build a deep 
ditch ntu'. 

18 Suppnaed by T. to be comiptcd iroTo 

' Lort-JB[d.' 

19 Among tlie Greeks it vras a place in 
tbe Tbeatm H'bera {he' chorus nASC^o. 

SO A testicle. Alio, a pUnt cQmmaQ\^ 
called foai-ttones. 'The roota of ali ttia 

'Off/ii): oilor. — l-'r, Ca/iai pp. 
iiibi : or for 6ifiii 

'0<Jos, oaaos: how greul ; bow 
great in number, how niaoj. "Om* fn) 
(eori), how many J ears there are, i.e. 
every year; as ' Noii si trecenit 
QUOTQUOT eiinl dies Tanris" 4e„ 
Hor. So oe-tjpiptit is, every tlay. — 
npio/ins floiiyjni?' 'Av'^'li', 'Oaaos ?i|f 
oV;! re,^ Hom. 

Saoy ouv JjSii, Saoy vt'Tu,, &C , 

ipocies of the nrefcif have n rpmarlmlile le- 
aemblsnce to the scrotum of miiiiiais -, iilirnee 
the name,' EB. 'I Iiorc aavr man; beiotiflil 
kiniis of the oriftii, lome resembiinj; beea vid 
flinsBOnalurally as to deceive at fiialfliglit,' 
Swinbuine'a Tmrels. 

1 'A^u, Saa, iaiBi, >rat laios. EM. 

2 A moat uoboly guest has done 4 mMt 

3 Ptiam marvelled at bin* e 




quantum noit jam^ quantum ndndum, EI^' o<^p ^-airov^w "O-rn fiip Uero 

inasmuch as not yet, i. e. al) but iriyOos, Id. : I ivill go that I 

now. Thus, "H^ei h* 'Obvaevs 6troy may hear what grief it is which i^ 

ovK Hbri, Eurip. : Ulysses will be come to him. Hence 6ffrtg seems 

here immediately. So Saov ohx itx" to have been used for rls simply ; for 

'6XuXa, I am all but undone the above expressions are equivalent 

otrov rdx^f' ^« c* '^^f^ ra^os otrovg to: Say WHAT you are thinking of^ 

with as much quickness as (can be) 

Sffov Toitri rpitrl haKrvXotai Xo^elv, 
Hippocr.y as much as (can be laid 
hold of) with the three fingers 

6aa : adverbially for 8(T(as fr. Saos, 
NiMcrJ fikv offa-^epiifjiip^ ^XP^^» Xen., 
He made use of the night as much 

To hear what griefhas come to him 
Sff^Tts has also the sense of 6$ 
generalized by ris, any one : Etiy S* 
69-Tis erdtpos Air-ayye/Xece raxitrrfi 
JlriXelbfif Hom. That is, Eiri hi rts 
cToipos OS inT'ayy,, Oh that there 
were some friend, be it who it might. 

as he did the day, to as great an extent who would immediately report this 
oairpiov: pulse. — Ki&afwi, kpe^iv- to Pelides. "Eyx^c 6' aU\ Tp&as 

OoSf vitTos, Kal SXtas ra otnrpia wpoa^ 
'<Lyop€v6fJL€vay^ Theophrast. 

ooffa :' a divine voice prompting 
or dissuading ; an uncertain rumor, 
which is traceable to no one, and 
thence is supposed to come from the 
Gods, TH. Also, a tacit divination 
of the mind or foreboding from an 
omen ; and the omen itself, R. — "lAv 
Tis trot eiirrfiri PpoTuv^ ^ oatrav iLKovofis 
'£k Aioff, fjre /iaXiara (^ipti xXios dv 
Opdnroiffi,^ Hom. 

offtre: the two eyes. — Fr. o(rcr«= 
orrai=07rr(if. See the note ^ 

otrtro/xai : with a kind of secret in- 
stinct I augur, forebode, R. — Fr. otrtra 

*O(rr€0v:* a bone. — Hefice Fac. 
derives Lat. os, '« is put for r, as 
0$sa for offTd,* Vai. Mt. Hence 
eX'Ostosii, an unnatural protube- 
rance of a bone, and periosteum : 
'All the bones are covered with a 
very sensible membrane called the 
periosteum,^ Cheyne 

Ser-Tu : It seems to liave been pri- 
marily used for t($ (konv) oc, who it is 
who: Ai^Sa^-n^poi'^eif, Hom.: Say 
what it is which you are thinking of. 

4 Beans, vetches, pease, and in fact all 
that is called pulse. 

5 That which is borne 1. e. to the ears. Fr. 
tm (=o)Ge»), fnt. tffv, iireru, S. Or, that which 
bears information. J. refers it to 6<r<rofuu, 

6 Should any mortal tell yea, or should 
you hear a voice from Jove, which most of 
all brings report to men. 

7 "Ocrcre was considered by the Gramma- 
riaas as the dual of rh 6<r<ros, cos. for Sovec ; 
of which E. produces the Dat. 5crcr«, 
according to -whom it followed the third de- 
olenaion. But we have ttnruVf &r(ro(i, 
Ztr^ouriy as £r. tcrtros. ov» So fr. t^ ^X^'j *0f y 
come tfx**> ^c<^t i imt we have Hx/lf, 'X^^> 

ifivye yetHy, B<r*Tu ibipoi h^Kafiaroy 
'jTvp, Horn. That is, rcva TptSttay 6si 
And with his spear he kept driving 
off any one of the Trojans from the 
ships, who brought fire. Hence ^er- 
-rcff is translated, whoever it may be^ 
whoever. But sometimes Str-ris 
strangely loses the general idea : Oh 
fjta Xfjy'f 6a-^is re OeQy ^aros Kdl 
&piaTos, Hom., No by Jove, who is the 
highest and the best of the Gods 

otrrXiy^i ' a curled flame; a curK 
— Tij hi ol ooae "OvrXiyyes fxaXepdio 
wvpos As iyhaXXoyro,^ A p. Rh. 

"OarpoKoy : an earthen vessel, pot» 
tile, shell, &c. — H. ostracism^ 
among the Athenians 

'X)<npeoy ; ostreum^ ostra Sax., an 

"Oorpecoc of the color of the 
blood of the oyster, scarlet. — Corop. 
Lat ostrum 

offf^oftai, ^alyofiaii I smell with 
the nose ; I smell of. — Eilircp ye rdO 
6^<ltpaly€tr0at Iverev Iwoiiitrar fifAiy 
fiiyas oe 0eo2,'^ Xen. 

'Oaf in: the loins. — Zwrriv irepc- 
-eSwfffUyos rfjy dafvv avroff,^^ NT. 

as fr. ifx^'9 o^t ^* 

8 lio^ T^ fTM, ariwf itai iirriow, v^ 
fld^ior Tqs arifftm, EM. 

For <rr\l7t ssordXiyt, alliod to art^" 
Xi^my S. 

10 And hb eyes seemed like flames of 

11 Fr. iffTpdKifffAm pp. of wrrpaidi'm It 
was a mode of passing sentence, in which 
thi^ note of acquittal or condemxiAtioa was 
marked on « tile or shell which 4he TOter 
threw into an urn. 

12 If indeed the Gods gave us nosdrils 
that we might smell with them. . 

13 Gilded with &4wae atfOttt his Imiuk 

u£rj(0(, oa%t}, otrx^a: tesliculorum 
iacculus. — Pro uyps ab ex"^' teneo. 
Tuv KaTa-iriy<ova koX XatK-oa^ia.v, 
Luciao. Confer XaKKo-irpaiKTOi 

"Otr^oc: a shoot or young branch, 
particularly of the vine. — See fioaxpt 
'Or«...rdre: when ... then. 'Ore, 
like'cCim/ is used also for, since, 
because. — For ^re...ryrf, in which 
(time) . . . iQ that (time). That is, in 
that time in which, S. ' When (5re) 
the grass sprang up, then (rdrt) the 
tares also appeared,' NT. 

o-ri : neuter of Sa-ns, which see 

S-Ti : (op account of) what thing, 

wliy: Let him say (,o-ti) why Apollo 

is so angry. Strictly, what it is why. 

S-Tt : because. Ti iror' ovv ent'it'ot 
ky rji JTporipjj sroXi/j^ irXeiov 
KtXT-iipdmaev itfiuv ; 'O-n 6 fiif 
airros arparcvErai tal ra^ttiTruipci,'* 
Demosth. Strictly speaking, o-n 
should have the opposite meaniug; 
and iiuply an inference, not a reason : 
for it should mean, (on account of ) 
which, wherefore. But perhaps it 
still means ' why,' as before : and is 
redundant : ' You had uot been abed 
then ?— Why, no. The day had broke 
before we parted,' Shaksp. ' Whewce 
is this? WHY, from that essential 
suitableness which,' &c.. South 

o-Tii after verbs of saying, know- 
ing, &c. is used for, that : rruSi 
5-Tta\jfdli \iyai, Know Ibal 1 Bpeak 
true. Properly: Pvudi, o-n; dXqdQ 
X^iii, Know, what 1 I speak true. 
So S is used : riyruioKuv S oi avrds 
inrtlp-e^E ^oifios, Horn., KnowJDg, 
whatl Phffibus siretuhed bis hand 
over him. Euripides bas OTaff oZy 
S, ipaaov. Do, know you what ? In 
other words. Do this. Hence uli, ut 
o-n : 'AW ovK airo'hihatis, oW o-ri, 
Arisloph. : But I know what, you 
will not restore it. See above 

S-Ti fill : ' hut, except : There 
was nothing in the letters o-n ;i^ 
'AO^rat, but Athens. Strictly, which 
(was) not Athens,- Hm.,who adds: 
' Such an explanation of general ex- 

14 Wby did he is the former war succeed 
better thui we did' Because ha led the 
tmy himself and born labors, 

15 And an immense noiie of tctrible 
ftrife arose. 

JS Ptrhtpa from rpav, L. 

i OTl 

pressions, as salisfies all examples, 
is not to be expected. Sometimes 
their origin only can be poiuled out, 
from which the general usage 
swerved so much as to retain mereljr 
the sense, and not the consLructioD, 
of the original formula' 

o-Ti fiilXitrrn : as much as possible. 
' Eiiia/^titf iiii o-n fiiiKiaTa, i. e. Ah, 


TI, Happy as 

any thing whatever is most happy. 
Hence the Greeks said negligently 

rov,' Hm. So o-n nixiffrn, as quick- 
ly as possible. And by a similar ellip- 
sis, on rdxos has the same meaning 
S-Ti's: the same as oa-ni. See o 
orAos: labor. — Fr. orXnw^rXdw 
oro/3oi : tumult, noise.— Perhapi 
allied to droroi. 'Oro^oi h' a-iXijroi 
6piip€i ^jitphaXirji epihoi, '^ Hesiod 

'Ororol, oJToroi, o'rororoT, &C. : 
sounds of woe 

'Otoj-ucw : I weep, lament, — Fr. 

oTra : tbe same as oaira 
cTTtiofiat: 1 augur from an omen, 
forebode. Also, I deprecate as 
ominous, abominate. — Tbe same as 
6aatvoiiai = Haaofiai 

'OTpivu) :"• I excite, slimulate.^ — 
'OrpiJi'iui' iTTirovs re Kal dtcpai atnri- 
Siiras," Hom. 

'OrpaXios, oTpijpus : incited, quick, 
rapid, — Fr. drpaat and 6Tpiat:=aTpi»i* 
oTptiphv, a jocose word used by 
Aristoph. for a tattered garment; fir. 
Tpihi, It is a play on Mou^daiv Oc- 
paicovTts aTpi}poi, which precedes 
'Orpuvui : See before oTpaXtot 
OTTCuoftai : :=oaiieioiirn^uaiiOfMi 
oTToffos; tbe same as oraj3oi 
or, OYK, OVX, OTXI: not, 
no. ' Let your word be, val, vai, 
oEi, oi, yes, yes, no, no,' NT. From 
ouis U-topia:'^ And fr. oii-Se or ouS' 
haud is supposed to be derived 

Ou: of him, of her, of himself, 
&c. See oi 

OS: where. — Properly the gen. 
of 01. Of which, i. e. (in the con- 
fines) of which (place): like Lat. 

17 Eicitlng the barsei and the ahield- 
beaiing men. 

IB 1. e. ou-T<nrfa, that which it DO place. 
A word which conUadictt tbe analogj of tbe 
Greek luigungs, wbidi never umi i' ^ 
compounds. ■■ 

OYA 209 

* domi/ at home 

Ohal oial: alas alas. — Hence 
Lat. Vie. Vice versa, * Virgiiius* was 
written OlnpylXios 

Ovas, gen. oiaros; and oZs ; and 
taSf gen, wTos : an ear; handle of a 
pot. — H. di'Ota, a pot with two 
ears: ' Deprome quadrimum Sa- 
bind, O TIraliarche, merum di-otd,^ 
Hur. And the )9ar-0ftW glands. 'O 
i-)(tav &Ta QKoveiv, aKOverw, NT. : He 
who has ears to hear, let him hear 

Olbas, ro: the ground. — *Oba^ 
cXov ovbas, Ava/Jieviwy vito ^cporiv,*^ 

oifb-afws : not €ven one. — See 

OY-AE: neither. Ak is here, 
and : ov-bk, and not, neither. It is 
frequently used for, not even: which 
seems to be the meaning of the 
word ' neither* on some occasions, as 
In Genesis : ' Ye shall not eat of it, 
yeither shall ye touch it.-' The sense 
of * not even' always depends on a 
comparison : ' Not even '{ov^) Solo- 
mon in all his glory,' NT. That is, 
NEITHER any one else, nor yet 

Ohb-ehi not even (els) one, no 
one ; no one in point of repute, of 
any consequence 

ovbi'ww: not even yet, not yet. 
See fiiiirat. Also, on not even one 
occasion, never. See iroi 

Ohb'irepoi: the same as /inb- 

Oifbos: a way. — The lon^ form 
of obos 

Ohbos: a threshold. — Perhaps the 
4same fisoibos, a way; 'a way into 
a 4iou$e or chamber,' Dm. 

Oidap, aros : the ud<ler of a 
beast, uber ; richness of soil, uber- 
tas. — As Oi)p among the iEolians 
was <l>rip, so oiBap was o^ap, vvh. 
uber, as Vambo' fr. £(/i0w 

Ohd-eU : the same as oifb-eis, OUff 
is fur otfre 

OYK: See oh 

OvtC'iTii not yet more, not further. 
— See iri. 'Axat^ies, ohx h* 'Aj^aioi,*** 


ovK'Cvv: OIk-ovv fiatriXevs eJ av* 
NT., Thou art not then a king? It 
appears sometimes to be used merely 
interrogatively : Art thou a king ? 

OZXos: whole, &c. — The Ionic 
form of o\os, as ovbos of obos. Sec; 
before 6\ai 

OJXoj : pernicious. — For oAoj= 
oXoos, See after oKfjos 

OvXos: curled, curling. — For o\os 
fr. oXa>, 1 roll, involve 

OvXos : soft. — ' Of the same ori- 
gin as *iovXos, down,' J., ufco com- 
pares wool 

ovXos: sometimes of uncertain 
meaning. In Homer, xpapwv vefos 
€p')(fTat vf^ KoXoiutp OvXov K€KXijyOyT€S, 
Clarke transLites it, acutely. 1« 
Callim. : At b^ vobeaaiv OuXa kut- 
-eKpoTaXiSop, Bl. translates it, vehe- 

OvXai : the same as oXm or oXai 

OvXafios: a crowd, troop. — Fr. 
oiiXos (as opx^fioi fr. opyps,) for oXos 
fr. oXia, as ?Xiy fr. 1\w, OvXafiov 
iLfbpQv, Hom. 

OvX^ : a wound made whole, a 
scar. — Fenu of o^Xos, whole 

OvXms: pernkious, like oZXois. 
OvXiov Spfjvoy in Pindar H'Cyne trans- 
lates ' a sad lamentation.' See the 
last oyXos 

O^Xom; the soft part above the 
teeth, gum. — Fr. oiXos, soft 

OSXos : See before ohXai 

* obXorris is translated * coruscatio,* 
lustre, in Plut. : rfjs \XafjLvbos ovtrris 
kXovpyod rrfv ovXorr/ra 

OvXkf : I am w hole-in limb, sou4i<i« 
— Fr. olXos, whole 

OYN : therefore. — Ionic form of 
oy, or for iov, (as <l>iXioy, <j>iXovv) part* 
of <S or lii>, I am. I. e., it being so 

odycKa : i. e. ^veKa ol, on account 
of which. Sometimes used for ^I'cira 

Olov I See ooy 

Oviriyyos : a hymn to OZirts 

Olms : Diana. See "OTru 

o^'irio : not yet. — -See fxrpnit 

Ohpa : a tail ; the rear. — Perhaps 
for opii, which compare with opos, a 
limit, end, L. Hence Arct-urus, 
(see *Apxrovpos) Cynos-ura, (see 

1^ They seised the ground in a biting 20 Men no longer Grecian men, but 
maxmer under the hands of the enemy* ^ly fit to4i« called Grecian women. 



Kvvoffovpa) and bur a from /3oo« ohpa. 
So also ffW-ovpoff, sciurus, wh. French 
^cureuily'^ a squirrel^ from the 9ic<a 
or shade it forms with its tail 

Ohpavos:^ the heaven, sky. — 
« Descend from Heav'n, Urania,* 

Ovpevs : the same as opevs 

Ovp/axof. the lowest part of a 
dart. — Fr. ovpk^ a tail 

Ovpov : urine ; which comes from 
it. Fr. ohpifiriv a. 1 . p. of ovpiv is 

OZpos, ovpov : a bound, limit. — 
Ovpos is for opos,as ovXos for oXos 

Ovpos, €os : a mountain. — For opos 

Ovpos: a prosperous gale. — -Fr. 
opos fr. opia, 1 excite. An impelling 
wind, TH. 

Ovpos: one who inspects and 
watches over. — For opos fr. opdw, E. 
^iffTutp ovpot^A^ai&y, Hom. 

chpos: a trench through which a 
shi^i is launched into the water.. — 
Toi b' iiWriXoim c^Acvov "Awreadai 
vriwVi ^jh* iXKCfiev cis &Xa biay, 
Ohpoiis T el-eicadatpov,^ Hom. 

05s : an ear. — ^See oJas 

Ovaia: being or existence; that 
of which we exist, or tlHi4 by which 
we exist ; essence, substance; pro- 
perty, wealth. — Fr. oZaa fern, part, 
of <tf=ew, wb. eifil 

oWatt}, 'oSiit), •rjfjii : I woimd, pierce. 
— OvTrfae rvj^o^v tcara bi^tev iS/LiOV,* 
Hom. Ovrui kqt iSra 

oifTibavos: of no price, of no 
value. — Fr. ov-ris, Aayos eitlier is a 
termination, as in iXXebavvs, or is 
allied to bavos, a gift 

0YT02, fem. ai;ri?, neut. roHro : 
lb is. (dm) roiJro, on this account. Tovro 
[ikv . . rovro bk • ., for this reason and 
for that, ciliin . . . tum . . *, both . . . 
and . . • O^rof, this man, is often 
said by persons of themselves. 'OItqs, 
what are you doing there V i. «. you 
this man, you man there. — Ovros 
aWos kcFTiv, oliTOSy Aristoph., This is 
the very man, ToDro rahra. These 

1 So in French * ^p'me' fr. 'spina/ &c. 

2 For 6paif})S fr. ifCM : as thiit which can 
be seen by ail, TH. L. Or fr. Zpos, L. 

3 And they exhorted one another to lay 
hold qf the ships and to diaw them into the 
sea : and they cleansed the trenches. 

4 lie hit him and wotmded him in his 
light shoulder 

210 OYT 

very things 

0§T(o, oi/rtas, ovrmal : io this nan- 
ner. — Apparently for roi/r^, rovrot^, 


OYX, ovyJL : Sec oh 

6<l>XtffKavvt : i owe ; I owe meoey, 
kind offices, &c, I owe money to 
or am fined by the state ; I am pii« 
nished ; I am obnoxious to puinsli'- 
ment. Hence 6f^Xt(n:dv<a yiXvru^ I 
am obnoxious to ridicule, as Hor., 
'Tu nisi ventis Debes ludibrium 
cave.* Also, I am under obligatioo, 
I ought, it is incumbent on me, it ii 
fit for me to do any thing. ' Us A^eXor 
6Xi<r6ai, how I ought, how fitting or 
good it would have been for me to 
have perished. Hence o4j>€Xoy is used 
like, utinam, I wish : How I wish I had 
perished. — Kqa cnj^-es fifuv rh ofeik^- 
fiara fifi&v, «r»s Kui rifiels afft-iefier Tins 
ofeiXirats Ijfiwp, NT. : And remit to 
us our debts, as we also remit them i 
to our debtors 

'O^^XXiw:^ I heap together; ea- 
large ; heap bonops or advantages on 
any one ; advantage, assist. Homer 
represents Strife as going throagh 
the ranks of men in Imttle, and 
(o^^XXovffo) increasing, helping, as- 
sisting thejr clamors. — 'O^XXec re 
fiivvQet 7€, Hon). Mtiripa poi SiSfov- 
aay of^XX^rt^ Cfiliim., Proloag my 
mother^s life 

'O^OaX/ios: the eye, oculus. In 
trees, inoculation. — Fr. o^Orfv^, I. p. 
of oirrw, wh. oarro/iac. H. the ophthal- 

"OfiSf'' cot, eMs, 6 : a aerpent, 
snake. — ' And fabled bow the ser- 
pent, whom they call'd Ophimt,* 
&c., Milton. ' Satan stood Unlerrified, 
and like a comet burtiM, That fires 
the length of Ophi-uchus ^ huge In 
th' arctic sky,* Id. With «0f« i. e. of 
T, compares ^ and e/t^ a yoaag 

*O0Xe<tf, 'itFKavuf : See ofetXM 

"Ofpa : until, to the time or point 

6 Perhaps allied to if4?JM, I aflflist. Gom- 
pate the meanings of j^>du and xp^fuiu 

6 Fr. 6<l>a p. of Hwu, I point. Fiom the 
notion of a heap ending in a point, S. 

7 Some fr. ^a p. of Hwrtty from its ^uick 
sight. Some fr. Sirw or 6w», I point, prii^k, 
wh. Ml, Some fr. ^, a particle of teiroTr 

8 The serpent-bearer. Fr. fy<af. 

0»P fill 

when ; to the end that, in order that. 
— Fr. o^rt p. of oTTw, I point, prick ; 
wh. on^, o0c$, &c. To^pa . . oijfpa . ,, 
to that POINT of time at which 
POINT, S. Olae e4eioy, ottre bi fjiot 
nvp,''06pa Oeewertjj ixiyapov,^ Horn. 

'0^i/s/° ^ : an eyebrow; contrac- 
tion of the eyebrows, disdain. Also, 
the brow of a hill, &c. ; and. a hill. 
-r^Koifirfirov fnoi Ztfvos 6era€ vtt* 6<^pv- 
ffif*^ Horn. *'l\ios 6<^v6eo9a, Id. 
Troy placed on the brow of a hill ' 
"O^o : =s H^X"^' See H^xos 
"Oxai'ov : a handle. — Fr. 6ya pm. 
of ^^, as opyaroy fr. l/sycii. That 
by which I hold 

"Ojfos, ov, and eos : a carriage. — 
Fr. 6ya &c. That which holds or con- 
tains. Avaaaij^ oyjkiav iirwovs,^^ Horn. 
'Ox^w : I carry. — Fr. oxos 
'Oxeros: an aqueduct, canal ; 
channel, streain. — Fr. ©x^roc pp. of 

'Oxevf : that which holds or ties 
the helmet on the head ; a clasp ; 
that which holds together and 
$huts doors, a bolt or bar. — Fr. ox« 

'Oxevw : idem atque ox^di, sed di- 
<»tur de fuemio^ admittente et vehente 
marem, aut de mari sic admisso et 

'Ox^ftf : See before ox^rds 

*dxi : translated food, in thi^f pas- 
sage of Lycophron : ffiyiywv vvprmv 
^T^v ^woif Kar* &Kpoy x^^f^^ 6aXi//av 
rwy nvpos 

oX^I* hc^°^ • ^ l>3Qk, high heap or 
mound. — Fr. 5xa pm. of ex<i;, from 
the notion of holding in or keeping 
off .a river. Or fr. ix"^ = ef-^« 
(wb. l$-oxa), under tiie notion of 
eminence. ^^ "'Ox^a^ ^o/ti vorafjioio 
l/uifjiapbpou, Horn. : Near the banks 
of the river Scamander 

oxOeut : I am indignant or angry. 
— 1 strike against (oftendo) an ox^oi, 
or abrupt bank ; I am greatly of- 
fended, L. From ox^n I from the 

9 Bring frankincense, bring me fire, that 
Z may fumigate the house. 

10 Possibly fr. 6^ p. of Jdnw. That 
which appertains to the eyes. Comp. fiK^tt 

11 Mak« to sleep for me Jove's eyes nn^ 
der his eyebrows. 

12 Haring loosed the horses from the cha- 


mind rising and swelling in pas* 
sion, St. T6v be fxiy* oydriaas vpov 
-€f^ri lavQos Mer^aos,'* Horn. 

*'OxKo5 : confusion, disorder ; 
trouble, vexation ; a confused nnil- 
titude, mob. — Fr. oy\os, okxos, FoX- 
Xos is supposed to flow valgus or 
vulgus. Folk is also compared 

o^Xicw : 1 move. — A&ar, toy S* o4 
Ke bif* avkpe bfjfwv apittrta ^Ptfiblws iir 
Afiaiay iiw' ovbeot oxXierveiay,^^ Horn* 

'OxfJtdSia : I HOLD close with 
clasps or with chains; 1 chain, bind. 
^ — Fr. ox/^n, a elasp or chain, derived 
fr. o\a 6ic, Comp. o^ef^s 

oxfios : a tower. — That which 
HOLDS fast. Fr. ©x" <^c. Comp. 
oxvpos, Aiirvs aXi-fipofs oxjuoj,*^ Ly- 

"Ox*''?: the same as oy^^vri 

"Oxos: See after oxai'or 

^Ox^pos: strong, firm, fortilied. — 
Fr. ox« pm. of €x«i», I hold, hold to- 
gether, hold fast 

*0i//. Swot, if : the voice. — Fr. oira 
pm. of iiTij. Hence Caili-ope : * De- 
scende cceio ei die age tibi^, Regina, 
longuui Calliope nielos. Sen vocB 
&c.,' Her. 

'Oi//^ : late, after a long time ; late 
in the day, &c. — Fr. oi//, derived fr. 
OTra pm. of iTrofs^ifbi, wh. iwofiat. 
Comp. Biris, dvltrkf, &c. 

'O^'e/w : 1 desire to see. — Fr. 6\ptt 
fut. of oiTTta. See bpaaeiuf 

"O^pis : the sight ; vision. — Fr. 

"Oi/^ov : things cooked ; victuals. 
Also, fish. Fish, says TH., were so 
esteemed among the Athenians that 
they called tish and the tish-market 
by the name of 6\l/ov, — See o^rrds. 
' Tu facito opsonatum nobis sit opu- 
lentum opsonium,' Plaut. 

'0\l/wvioy : victuals, provisions. 
' Mihtary pay ; for formerly, among 
the Komaas chiefly, provisions were 
given to Uie soldiery by way of pay,' 
Schl. — See above 


13 Fr. 6x^00, 1 carry on high, L. 

14 He addressed tlie yellow-haired Mene- 
laus, greatly indignant. 

16 A stone, which not two of the strong- 
est men oat of a people could have easily 
moved on a cart from the groand* 

It A high tower eatmi by the sea* 





ri': \6. n,: 16.000 

Uay-yeyirutp: nil-producing. — For 
irov-ycvcrwp, fr. ircir and yeyeio 

Trayi), v ay Is : a trap, snare. — Fr. 
iwayov a. 2. of wjjyw. But the ap- 
plication seems dubious. 'H ypvxfi 
ilfiSiv e^pvudri etc rfit wayihos rmv Orf 
pev6vTtifv' // Tray IS trvv-erpifirj, Kal fifxeis 
ifipvtrdrifjiev,^'' LXX. 

llay-KaKos : aliogetUer bad. — For 

nay-k-paTiov V a contest in which 
boxing and wrestling were united. — 
Fr. Kpdros, * From its requiring the 
whole strength of the nerves/ Fac. 
' Et patitur duro vulnera pancratio,' 

Uayos :'* a village ; a hill. — * Fr. 
the ancient Trdycii, wh. pango. For 
in early times they built their cot- 
tages on eminences ; whence in the 
more ancient tongue irnyos^ was the 
»ame as Lat. pagtis,* Bl. Hence the 
court of Areo-pUguSf which met on 

Uayos : ice, frost. — Fr. wwyoi, pp. 
wiiraKTat wh. Lat. pactus. From its 

Ildyos: used by Lycophron for, 
salt ; from its being a CONCRBTION 
of the sea. — See above 

Uayovpos: xhepui^ar, a crab-fish 
. ndyxv : altogether. — For vrarxv 
fr. vdy 

IlaBibft irriBuf, aw : I suffer, patior. 
— Hr sym-pathy or fellow-suffer- 
ing; a-pathyt want of fellow-suf- 
fering ; pathos, pathetic 

iraOito, Tt vadu> ; is often u^^ed 
for. What will become of me? What 
shall I do ? Ti Trddoi rXrifjiiav ; Ae- 
Xvrai yap kfxol yvitav pwfiri,^^ iEsch, 
Ti ydjo vdOut^ev, fir^ ^ovkofxiviav 
vfuiy Ttfiutpieiy ;^^ Uerod. Also, 
What can 1 do else? How can I help 

17 Our soul has been delivered from the 
trap of our hunters ; the trap has been broken 
and we have been delivered. 

18 Whose first is Ions, as fr. irdyto the 
^olic of mfryw, Bl. |But Homer has it short. 

19 What will become of me P for the 
strength of my limbs is loosened. 

20 What will become of us, since you are 
not willing (0 assist us ? 

1 I will suffer what will happen, if it be 

it? To ^eXXov, el ^pi), •nelao/nai; ti 
yap iradia\ * Eurip. T/ yap TraOoi; 
says Vk., is used by such as are 
compelled by nature or by fate or 
by some insuperable necessity. T^ 
iradiiv ; says Hm., may be often 
translated. Why 1 T* yap ira^ovT* h 
rovs 0eovs vfipi^eroy ; Aristopb. : 
What having suffered, for revenge 
of what, for what cause do you in- 
sult the Gods ? 

vadely ti: to die. The full ex- 
pression appears in Tradely ri di'-ijre- 
oTov^ to suffer something incurable. 
The latter expression is used also of 
a ship suffering shipwreck 

Ilddos, 60S : suffering, calamity ; 
fellow-suffering, emotion, pathos. 
See after irayxi; 

IlaOifrevo/Liac : pathici partes ago. 
— A 7ra6€(ii. Pathicus est qui mulie- 
bria putitur; sen, qui patitur (is 
passive), non agit 

Ilatai',* ayos'. Apollo the healer. 
Any healer ; any cure. A hymn to 
Apollo; used also of a hymn to 
other Gods. — • Daughter of PaoH, 
queen of every joy, Hygeia,' Arm- 
strong. ' Hear, in all tongues con* 
senting paans ring/ Pope 

IIAIS,^ gen. iraibos: a boy or 
girl, child ; a boy, servant. — H. 
pad-agogus, pedo-baptist ; and pe- 
dant, which meant originally, a 
schoolmaster, i. e. one who has the 
care of boys : ' A pedant that keeps 
a school i' tl>e church,' Shaksp. For 
naU the ^olians said vols and wolp 
(as 'arbos,' 'arbor* are interchan- 
ged) and Toifp wh. puer 

Ilal$(tf, Ici, and (701 : I act as a boy, 
play. — ^That is, wai<rbt») or Traibffia fr. 
the ancient natbs, gen. watb6s^ 

nalyyufi, aros : play. — Fr. iriiraty' 
ftai pp. of TraiSut 

necessary, for how can I help it ? 

2 Fr. -ralM = irdu, I take care ^, heal, L. 
Hence the 8ong of the Vestal virgins : Apollo 
Paan, Apollo mewce, TH. Otliers derive 
it fir. TOMv, from ApoUo*8 striking the ser- 

3 Fr. xdua, I take care of, nourish, L. But 
the S in the genitive needs^ to be 4uxoaDted 




Tlaiyyiop: play. — Fr. eiratyov a. 

Haibaptoy : a little boy. — Fr. ttqi- 
hos ^en, of wdis 

riai^eia: the education (valbiav) 
of boys. Hence en-cyclo-poedia and 
XeDophon*s Cyro-ptedia 

TLaiim : See before waiyfia 

vaiVciXa, - tavi rugged places, 
•Jolting places. For TrctXa fr. Iira- 
Xov a. 2. of irdXXw,' J.* *E{ opeot icar-e- 
fi^ffaro iratfraXoeyroSf Horn. iEscbylus 
lias the epithet hvtr-obo — TraiwaXos 

waiirdXrf : fine dust. Metapb., tine 
and minute thought; subtlety. — ^^For 

IlaTs : See after vaiav 

Tlaiijiderffia I I throw my eyes 
around. — For ^ai(j>aaaia by redupl. 
for fdaeritf formed fr. ^aaw fut. of 
^&ta, wh. 0aof, the eye 

Ila/w : I press with a rod, strike, 
beat ; strike against. 1 press with the 
teeth, eat. — From valto or vaFlv is 
Lat. paVio, {I pave, yvh. pavimentum, 
pavement,) i press, batter, ram down. 
Hence too some derive paVeo from 
the BEATING of the lieart in fear. 
Ilactfy (wh. waiu) iriw, icito, irdat, wuta, 
seem to have originally existed, sig- 
uifying, I press 

Haikty, wat^kfv : a healer ; Apollo 
the healer. Also, a t»ong, Sec, — See 
wai&y, * naiaf and naii$fy, iracav/^w, 
and waiktviSu are written promis- 
cuously,' R. 

TlaKToia : I fasten. — Fr. viraKrai 
pp. of iraytf. Com p. pactus, com- 
pact, fr. pago, pango 

•Ilciicrwv : au Egyptian boat. — * 1. 
e. made of many sticks or pieces of 
wood joined together. It is allied 
to TQicrdtf,' Salm. 

iraXadrf : a mass of figs or other 
things beaten together and moulded 
in the form of a brick. — TlaXaBq ira- 
Xa/in irXftaOetaa 

wdXai: some time ago, formerly, 
of old. — 'Allied to wdXiv, back. 
From iwaXoy a. 2. of 7rdXX<a, From 
the notion of shaking backwards 
and forwards,* L. Vk.^ Aristopha- 
nes has the following play oo this 

4 L. thinks it should rather bd translated, 
dusty places ; fr. Td\ri, dust. 

5 'So'olim'fr. j(\«, Iroll/$. 

6 I have been sitting ready he)%- three of- 

word: ^Ryit fjiiyroi wap'€(TK€vaff/Uyos 
Tpl-iraXai KdO-rffiat, fiovXofjieyos cr' 
ev-epyeretv. 'Eyoi bi hcKd-waXai ye 
Kai IwheKCL'TraXai Kal ^fXio-TraXai kq^ 
irpo-iraXat ndXat,^ Aristoph. 

waXaios : ancient ; worn out by 
age ; out of date, gone by, antiqua- 
ted, silly. — Fr. wdXai 

waXaioia : I set aside as being out 
of date, abrogate, as Lat; ' antiquo/ 
— Fr. vaXaios 

UdXij : wrestling. — See voXXm, 
Fr. ireiraXaiarai pp. of waXait^, I 
wrestle, is iraXa/orpa, palastra, 
wrestling or a place ojf wrestling 

llaXd fitf : the palm of the hand, 
the hand ; any thing done or labored 
by the hand, 'ars manualis,' Bl. — 
Hence palma, palm. Properly, the 
instrument of wrestling, fr. iraXri 

iraXaifTTii : a measure made by the 
palm of the hand, a palm or a spaa 
long. — Fr. ireirdXafo-rai pp. of xa- 
Xa/of. From the motion of wrestling 
with the palm. See iraX&fxri, and 
comp. * palm us' with 'palma' 

TVaXanyaios : one who has slain 
another with his own hand ; also, a 
revenger of such a person. — Fr. ira^ 

traXdmoy : the same as iraXd^ov 
sswaXdOri, Hes. 

IldXXcif, fut. iraXS: I shake or 
throw backwards and forwards, toss, 
vibrate, agitate. Used in a neuter 
sense of the heart vibrating or beat- 
ing. — H. iraXi;, wrestling; derived 
from the notion of the shaking and 
vibration of the body, TH. Hence 
some derive Pallas, as brandishing 
her spear 

IVqXos, ov, eos : a shaking, vibra- 
tion; shaking of lots; a lot. — Fr. 
inaXoy a. 2. o( waXXta 

iraXdffffOfiai : I draw lots. Tovs 
&XXovs xXtjpf weiraXdxdai &ywyoy, 
Horn.: I ordered the others to de- 
cide by lot. — Fr. vdXos 

UdXrii flour; small dust. — Fr. 
iiraXov, &c. That which is finely 
shaken. Hence perhaps palea, chaff. 
Fr. irdXa, irdXVa, palVa, (as HXa, 
vXFct, *sylVa') is perhaps pul- 

olds, wishing to assist you. And for my 
part I have ^en sitting here ten of-K>lds, and 
twelve of-olds, &c. 




wis, aa fr. icAXa/ios, rAX/ios is ' cUi* 


HaXaffoWfiut: I sprinkle. — Proper- 
\y applied to ftprinkiing flour or small 
dust. Fr. fraXif. TlaXacatTO i* ae/iarc 
O^pill, Hom. 

YraXcvm : I decoy ; entice into a 
net. — Properly, perhaps, I decoy 
with flour : fr. vaXif, Tas irepiorrpas 
4vX-Xa/3«iiv uplas lx^'> tcair-ai^ayica^ei 
vaXevciy bebe/jiivas ey bitcrvf,^ Aris- 

IlaXv : See before vaXaaerti 

tloKty : vice yers^ or reciprocally ; 
back again; back, retrogradely ; 
again.— -Fr. eiraXoi' a. 2. of iraXXiiy. 
From the notion of shaking back- 
wards and forwards, Vk. L. Hence 
* palin-odiam canere,* to sing a re- 
cantation. ' You, two and two, 
singing a paliri'ode, March to your 
several homes,' Jonson 

tl6Xir : The y is in compounds 
frequently changed before a couso-^ 
uant into a letter better adapted to 
that consonant : as waXiy-KOTos, ira- 
XJfi^wau, iraXip'pvTO$, vaXiu'trvTos 

IlaXt/i'/SoXos : one who changes 
backwards and forwards and does 
not remain in one opinion ; shifting, 
crafty, subtle. R. supposes it to 
mean properly one who is often ex- 
changed on sale, and applied to a bad 
servant. — Fr,fiifioXa &c* This word 
corresponds nearly to /uerd-/3oXos 

vuXifji'fioXa fre^iXa in Athenseus 
are shoes patched up anew; not, 
change shoes, R. 

liaXl/jL'xl/fjaros : a kind of paper or 
parchment on which what was writ* 
ten might be easily erased, so that it 
might be written on anew. — Fr. 
^\l/¥f9Tai pp. of \j^akf 

iraXiv - dyp€TO€, xaXcv - aiperos I 
^applied* to things which excite a 
CONTHARY affection in the mind, 
so as to make us fly from what a 
little before we CHOSb and ap- 
prdVed,' Tim. — Fr. aypitf and aipiio. 
Sec avr^ayp€ro$ 

TraXiP'Tora ro^a : * bows which, 
when the strings are loosened, do 

not immediately become (evdu-Topa) 
straight, but stretch into the contrary 
direction,* Bl. — Fr. riroya pno* of 

iraXiv- rpi/3i)5 : Ta fi^v wav^wpya 
KOi waXiv-Tpififi, Soph. Translated by 
Br., the malicious and fraudulent. 
See rpi^y, IldXii^ denotes, like aZ, 
contrarily to ; and here signifies, 
contrarily to what is fight. So that 
iraXiv-rpt(iri$, is much the same as 
KOKO'Tptfi^s, conversabt in ill. So 
Vk. observes that vaXt/t-poditif is 
the same as KaKofi^odi** 

YluXiv-^bia: a re-can tat ion. — See 
TraXiv and aeibia 

UaXioupos : a shrub called Christ*s 
thorn. — * Carduas et spinis surgit 
paliurus acutis,' Virg. 

YiaX-ivl^n : a vice-veri>4 pursuit, 
that in which the pursued become 
the pursuers. — For 9raX(v-^<«ir£<c. Fr. 
hehiutj^ai pp. of hluKia, See iMici^ 

UaXXabiov : an image of Palim* 
See below 

TTaXXas, dbos: Pallas, Minerva^ 
-^See TraXXca after iraX6.aiov 

ndXXa£, aicoff : a }oung man. — 
Fr. vdXXof, One who is able to 
BRANDISH a spear 

riaXXa^^), 9raXXai:(s : a young girl. 
Also, a concubine. — See above. *Ac- 
cubante aliqu^ paliacarum,^ Suet. 
' Pellex^ is formed fr. the £olic 
pronunciation of xdXXa{,* M. 

ndX-Xei/iros : all white. — For irdr- 


ndXXw : See after waXaoioy 
TlaXfibs : a vibration ; palpitation. 

— Fr. ichraXfiai pp. of fraXXv 

iraX/Kvs: a king. — ^^11 Ziev trdrep, 

&€kfy 'OXvfiwiwy mXfjiv, Ti fx (Ak 

ihiaKas ')(pva6y apyvpov, wdXfiv ; • 


IlaAos : See before wdXderaofiat 
XlaXroi*: a dart, — Fr. ir^iraXrai 

pp. of TrdXXof. That which may be 


UaXvyut : tiie same as vaXdatnt 
Ila/i-arai/: altogether. — For irdv* 


vafA-ir^briv : altogether. — Ila/iiir^- 

7 Having seised the doves he has them 
shut op ; a^ forces them, bound in a net, to 
entice other doves. 

8 Others derive it fr. ' pellicio,' the same 



9 O Jupiter, king of the Gods of Olyai- 
pus, vfhy did you nut give me gold lor silver, 




^i' ayadov Kal fiirptov AyipOf^ 
Tbeoga. * Fr. irav and 7r&o/Aat, I 
possess/ Bl. That is, fr. p. ir^irifrac 
See a9*4btir 

vafi-Trrjma : the whole possession. 
— Fr. vewrirrat p, of vaofiai 

wafi-<l>a\a(o : See exc-ira/LC^Xditf 

SeXcr^/as, Aristoph., Devouring the 
sentitirents of Pandeietus, a man no- 
ted for his litigious and slandering 
nvritings, * vitilitigator/ Br. 

riav-^yi/pts : See &yvpis and the 

Tlav'Orjp: a panther, — 'Because 
it surpasses all other wild beasts in 
savageness, or because it has the co- 
lors of almost all other animals/Fac. 

UartKos : applied to fear. — Hence 
panic. See tlie note" 

wapijs : a torch, ^avos.'* — llavov, 
Xv)(i'ov, Xu^v-ouxor," Menander 

(lavovpyos : one of all work, one 
who is ready for any thing, clever, 
ingenious; and, in a bad sense, 
cunning, crafty. — Fr. Ipyw 

vav-ffvhly: with all haste. — Fr. 
avbrfv fr. ffitrvTai pp. of (rvw=a€va^* 
See iLvibqy 

JlavTaj(jfi : in every way, • Ac- 
cording to some, wavrax^ has al« 
ways this sense, whilst vavraxov on- 
Jy is the adverb of place,' M. See o3. 
— Fr. vapTvs &c., wh. panto-mime. 
See -x«s 

Tlavretos : of all kinds. — Fr. vav 
ros, &c. Comp« aXXoIor 

Tlaw : by all means, entirely. — 
Fr. nay 

IlaTra?, irawaia^, traTatiraia^ I pa- 
/wp; O ye Gods. — 'Plural of ira- 
m^s,* Bl. Xlaxas is the same as p^q^a, 
fJanaJf O ye Fatliers 

TraxaJ: vox est imifans crepitan- 
tew alvum.-^ Aeci'a x^iopayev 'Kptaroy 
va^y K^ra vawa^, Kaireira fra|rainra(,. 
Aristoph. Conferas nostrum pop 

Tlamr&^ut I 1 call «rairTas, papa 

Tldwnos : a grand -J7<^ 
- ndirvos : a soft light down grow- 
ing out of the seeds of some plauts ; 

10 A completely good and temperate man. 

11 Polysnus refers it to Pan, the lieu- 
tenant'general of Bacchus in his Indian ez- 
pedition; where, being encompassed in a 
valley with an army of enemies fax superior 
in number, he advised the God to order his 
men to give a general shout, which so sur- 
prised the opposite army, that tliey imme- 

thistle-down. — 'Dandelion and oiott 
of the pappous kind have long nu- 
merous feathers by which they arc 
wafted every way,' Derham 

Uawrdiyia : I cast my eyes about. 
— ' For way-oirraiywt* J. But node* 
rivalion appears satisfactory, n^y 
Totf€ vaw.'aiyoyT€S, Hom. Uayrrf ira- 
wraiyoyri, Id. 

TIairraXwfjMt : the same as wavrniyt» 

Hawvpos: an Egyptian plant used 
for paper ; paper 

IIAPA, nap, vapal : The primary 
meaning seems to regard one thing 
placed along side of another, by 
way of comparison. Par-allel 
straight lines, (fr. SXXi/Xoc, one ano-^ 
ther)a para-hle^^ox comparison, and 
pur-ody^ illustrate these senses. Par^ 
peris also are supposed to flow from 
frap&. Uftpa then expresses, (1) 
along si<{e o( ; (2) in comparison 
with. (1) Along sideof; and hence, 
by the side of, just by, near, at t 
One man standing (xopa) along side 
of another. Dwelling at Thebes by 
(irafw) the streams of the Ismenus. 
They slept {vapa) at or near the 
cables of the ship. He sang (irapa) 
near or among the suitors. So after 
verbs of motion : They came (fro|oa) 
along side of, near to, to, the ships. 
They led them wapa Kafiflufffiv, near 
or close to Cambyses. Hence also 
the idea of, from : To receive (Trapa) 
from beside of, from, another ; i. e. 
to receive at another's hands. So 
also. To give (sropa) from him«elf ; 
i. e. AT his own hands. To gain 
esteem (rapa) from others : as in 
Latin, ' Consequi gratiam A pud bo- 
nos viros.* To report a message 
(wapa) from others ; i. e. leaving been 
by or near others. To learn (napa) 
from others. So, I go away frapa 
varpos, a p«tre, from my father, i.e. 
having been near him. (Division or 
separation is perhaps implied also in 
the word para^grapk,) Hence 'ir«- 
pa is transferred to time : Hapa, AT 
the vei7 moment of, this nnjnst 

diately fled from their camp. A<(|a0'(i tov *H 
Xlavhs offyhs ^ rivos Ot&v imXuv^ Eurip. 

] 2 ' The Macedonians said iriXXa for ^^A.- 
Xoj/ R. 

13 A torch, a candle, a candle^stick. 

14 Uapa-fioX^, fr. fiiXu, I cast. A cast- 
ing of one thing by the side of another. 




transaction. Ilapa the drinking ; 
i. e. at it, while at it, in the course 
of it. Hence * perhaps vapa is, 
during, in this expression : We 
have suffered worse than this irapa 
our iife. Unless napa marks a COM- 
PARISON of life with the time pre- 
sent. (2) In comparison with. And 
chiefly as marking contrariety. Ex- 
amining their institutions (Trapa) as 
compared with those of others. Ila- 
pa bolav, (wh. para-dox) contrary 
to opinion. Hence the senses of, 
more or less than, rather than : TTa- 
pa, beyond or beneath, the power of 
man. IVlen are like the Gods (irnpa) 
beyond other animals. He would 
suffer any thing (vapa) rather than 
commit any thing disgraceful. There 
is nothing else (Trapa) beyond or be- 
sides this. In the expression ' He 
did not so much increase in power 
TTopa his own strength, as ^rapa our 
negligence,' irapa is, by means of ; 
but seems still to owe this sense to 
its notion of comparison, flapa is 
also, contrary to, against : as to act 
against nature, against propriety. 
In a proximate sense is formed the 
odd compound, a parasoi, that 
which is placed against the sun 

Trapa fiiKpov 7ik6oy iLTro-Baveir : they 
were within very little of dying, 
they almost died, llapa tooovtov 
yiypwau, so far am 1 from thinking, 
M. Ilopa here is either more or less 
than. See above 

riapa sometimes implies intermis- 
sion or alternate cessation, and is 
used in various forms : ' Ilapa rpels 
il/iepas, or Tplrriy fjfiipar, every third 
day. Efapa fiiav (jjf/ii^pav), on alter- 
nate days. Ilap' iifji<kpavt tvi^xy other 
day ; Trapa iifiva^ every other month. 
'Hfi^pav irap ijfjiepav, every alternate 
day. So y^povres kqi veapiai irap* 
iva avfi'irop€v6f4€vot, old and young 
going together but yet alternately ; 
80 that between two old men one 
young man went and between two 
young men one old man went. 'Era- 
ripf TrXriyrlv iraph irKriyrfV BV-reit'Ofie- 
ros, inflicting alternate wounds on 
each,' Viger. These forms depend 
on the notion of comparativeness 
Ilapa In composition has besides 

the meanings noticed in ^rapa as a 
shnple word, that of aside, out of 
the way : He turned aside. As in 
par-en-thesis, ^^ Asi de, awry, askew. 
Aside, or contrarily to what is right, 
in the sense of going beyond or 
transgressing or going out of the 
proper way; and of acting negli- 
gently, carelessly, or loosely. Thus 
a para-phrase is a loose interpreta- 
tion. And we speak of things be- 
ing put ASIDE or neglected. Hence 
irapa signifies, scarcely, gently, 
lightly : I touch or handle softly or 
gently ; A gentle or slight stroke of 
the body ; I am slightly or a little 
deranged. Hence Trapa is also, 
softly, insensibly, slily, surreptitious- 
ly. It also has the sense of slip- 
ping ASIDE or passing by; and is 
hence applied to things which are 
gone by, become useless, perished, 
faded. It expresses a near equality : 
Almost like, Almost or nearly pale 

Tlapa-liXiihrjv : sideways ; sarcas- 
tically, i.e. as if thrown not in <lirect 
words but obliquely. — Fr. fiipktfrai. 

Ilapa- jSoXi? : a throwing one thing 
by the side of another, comparisoD, 
parable^ &c.— Fr. fiefioXa &c. 

Oap-ayy^XXbi eU n)y &pxrjv and 
rrjv apyriv : I am a candidate for a 
magistracy. Hence vapayyeXla is 
used for canvassing and earnestly 
entreating. — From the notion of 
candidates announcing or declaring 
themselves, or their intention ; giv- 
ing in their names. The Latins say 
* nomen profiteri ' 

Ilap-ayii)yiov I the loll paid for 
bringing a ship to land or for bailing 
past a harbour. — Fr. dyioya pm. of 

Uapaheiaos I a garden, park, plea- 
sure grpund, &c. — H. paradise 
jrapa-icaXiraSw : See xaXiraSht 
Ilapa -fi:ara-/9o/\i/: money cast or 
laid down in the hands of another 
against the event of a trial, that mo- 
ney being the tenth part of the value 
of which is tried ; a deposit of a 
tenth part. — Fr. /3e/3oXa &c. 

Trapu-fcoTTOs ^pevuy, and xapa-co- 
TTos : deranged, frantic. — Fr. Kixora 
pm. of icoTrrtf. Said properly of a 

15 Fy. T€6c(ra( pp. of 6^w, I place. 

U nAPM a 

linrper beatii^ out of fime, Bl. Tla- 
pa-n'o^ei : irapa-ycojrrei, /iaivETai, He3. 
irapa-Kpouu ; I beat away, repel : 
repel an argument, refute. Also, 'I 
circumvent, deceive ; a mel»pliar 
taken from tliose who ia weigliinp 
things fraudulently knock one of 
the scales to make them incline on 
one aide. So Pliocyllides has : £ra- 
6noy fiii KpDveiy krepoSvyoii, dXX' 'iaoy 
tXtceiv. Or from those who by a 
blow iu wrestling supplant, but do 
not throw down, an adversary, 
Plato has, Kai ahx Hi/ at irapn-xpovoi 
J vap-oBaa aVfi-^oph, which BOnie 
tranilale. This calamity shall not 
supplant and overturn you. But 
Budaeus explains it, will not lead 
yon into error,' St. See irapa in com- 

IXap-aXKhX- varyingly, alternately. 
— Fr. dXXafat pp. of aXKarriu 

Ylapa-\oyoi : contrary to propor- 
tion; to calculation or expectation; 
and to reason 

TTop-aXfR'^u : I make somewhat 
briny or brackish. — Fr. hXvKit fr. 

Trapa-ftaiT^Tiis : a, parasite. — Fr. 
fa/iaintTaL p. of jiiavdo^ai. Comp. 
■wapa in Trapdiriros 

Zlapa-fiuBiaixai ; I speak to, ad- 
dress; exhort, advise; speak to in 
order to soothe and console. — Fr. 

rap-a^vyiov : "Eirrai h' iif i-Xo- 
^wv re Kayuy nopvO-aioXaytlKTi, £x"'" 
vap-a^6via, Ari»topli. 
Existent verbu- 
rum, all^ ciistatorum galeatae et ve- 
loces concerlatioucB, scitidularum- 
()ue Bublilium audaces rotationes. 
St. translates irnp-afoviof a clasp 
applied to Ihc axle to prevent its 
falling off from the wheel, a liuch- 
pio. * Extreme and dangerous sub- 
tleties,' J.— Fr. &l.u)y, ovoi 

■wapa-iralai : lam deranged, fran- 
tic. — See xapA-Kinrvc 

irnpa-irXliaios : near to the side of ; 
approaching near to in likeness ; 
like. — Fr. T\i)ciov 
,,■ Ilapa-^obl£ui ; much the same as 

Translated by Br. 

7 HAP 

ti^-^iatts vriii, i^ch.: (nms- 
laled, 'tiigumcnta nsivis;' but, what 
is exactly meant, seems dubious. — 

Fr. e^puaat p, of piofiai 

Jlapaaayyas : a Persian land 
sure. — 'O irapaaayyijs Bilraroi 
KovTa irrahia, Herod, ' Inches and 
feet, cubits and parasangs,' Locke 

rapi-aeipos : harnessed by the 
side, yoked with,— Fr, aeipa 

irapauripoi : Xenophon speaks of 
hares having oiipiip ol fiev tfurXji irrpt- 
-jToiWXov, 01 S^ irapaa^pov . ' Leunclav. 
translates it, sibedine innignem lon- 
giore spatio ; Leonicenus translates 
it, tersam. The reason of neither 
translation appears. Portua h in 
(I'>ubt ; and with Brunck alters it 
into irapa-aritiov, badly marked,' 

riapa-trirai : anciently, one select- 
ed by the state to gather of the hus- 
bandmen the CORN allotted for pub- 
lic sacrifices. Afterwards one who 
frequented the tables of the rirh. as 
a flatterer and sycophant in order to 
obtain a livelihood. — Fr. airoc, corn, 
food. ' Most smiling, smooth, de- 
tected paraiiles,' Shaksp. ' The 
heai-tless/»oriM»(es of present chkek,' 

n-apa-ffksui'iSui : I get ready any 
(ffwBot) instrument, ulen^il, imple- 
ment; get ready, prepare, generally 
napri-(rrai« : the columns which 
stand by the side of a door on each 
side. — Fr.^a«,&c. More immediate- 
ly, fr. m-iiitiv formed fr. iararai pp. 
riopa-iTrorirai ; sometimes used 
for, out of the proper state of mind, 
impetuous, furious. — Fr. ?ffrarai &C. 
Comp. ecstatic 

n-apa-TEiVw : 1 stretch beyond 
what is proper, overstretch. Ilupa- 
-Tclvofiai is said of persons over- 
stretching their powers and becom- 
ing fatigued 

Trapa-rpllioiiai ; ' I bring myself 
into collision with, altercate, am of- 
fended with,' J. Property, I rub 
against. — Hpot aJrovi inrairlaiov, 
irnpa-Tptpviieroi, Jin ti)v l^i-^uruv 
<JfBiyi£.t ji\toi-tl{ay ««i ?>.X.-npx''a*'-'* 




HAP 21 

vapa-yp&o/iai : I use conlrarilif 1o 
what i» right, abuse 

wapa-jfpijiia : immediately. — Pro- 
purly, along side or a circumstance, 
without any thing between. 'The 
greatest part deseried irapa-xpijfia,' 
iniraedialtly on the occasion 

xapa-J-Cxi) : a reviving, soothing. 
— Ti.ftfoxpvu.i.otyi'uxu. Properly, 
a cooling 

vaphaKott wet, — For Apianot ft. 
Spiv, says Voi9. But this is im- 
pr<ibahli:, Ovii TuirXaSeiv oloy t 
fan Ti'ififpoi', eiteiHt trap&awv to x«- 
piov," Aristoph. 

tlipioi, TapSoXif , TDpiakis '. a para 
or leopard. ' The pardale swift 
and the tiger cruel,' Spenser 

n&pot : before i before that, an- 
tequant. — ' Allied to rapo wh. Tpo, 
pro, and jrapi wh. irpi, Lat. pri as in 
piidie,' S. 

Hapeta, irapifiov, irnpifii : a cheek. 
— ' Perhaps allied to wopoi. The 
FOBS part of the head,' S. 

TTdpcim: some serpent. — 'Sup- 
posed to be called from its having 
inBaled chBEKS; or from its raising 
il9 CHEEK and face, creeping wilh 
its hinder part alone,' Fac. ' Et con- 
lentus iter caudl suicare pareat,' 
Lucao. See above 

Xiap-tiiu : I look at slightly and 
inattentively ; look atanevil without 
preventing it. See icap'a. in 
si I ion 

irap-ii:, tcap-ki,: aside from, from 
beside ; beyond ; besides, &c. FIo- 
pil, ibou, Horn, nap-e^-ipxofiai , I 
pasa by. See n-opa in composition 

■rap-^KTior : it is necessary to af- 
ford. ^Fr. icrai pp. of Sx"- ®*^ 

T]ap-€pyDs : which is beyond or 
more than the work undertaken or 
expected to be done. Tiap-ipyas, in 
a negligent manner, by the way , — 
Fr. ^pyw. See xopo in composition 

Ilnp-Ecru: remissness; relaxation, 
— Fr. taat pp. of em, mitto. flapa 
here is, negligently. Prsterniiasio 

rieip-iX'^ '• ' ')<'''' ^ thing near to 
any one, offer or hand it to hii 



^ -, iiipply, afford, &c. 

Hap-riyopiia : I speak by the side 
of another; encourage; soothe. — 

17 Nor ic it pojiible to break lUe tlud» W- 

Fr. ayopSbi. Hence paregoric t 
cines, as lozenges, &c. 

Uap-ijyopiai: I persuade. — Fr. 
ayopibi. Tiapa here answers to ' ex* 
in ' ex-oro,' and marks success in 

Tapf/opof : ' said of a horse con- 
nected (o two others which have the 
pole of the carriage between them ; 
this third horse not being lied on to 
the carriage, but left free and loose. 
Its use was to supply any emergen- 
cy. Hence the word is used for, 
free, loose, idle, wandering beyond 
the matter in hand, silly,' Dm. — For 
■sapa-opot ft. upa pm. of cipw, I con- 
nect ; or fr. &opa pm. of&rlitu, ripM. 
See avf-aopes 

tUapdifiov: the berbparietaryor 
peilitory, Fac. 

napBh'os : a virgin.— H. the Par- 
thenon, the temple of Minerva, who 
remained in perpetual celibacy. 
'Pars stupet INNCpt^ donum 
exitiale Minerv*,' Virg. 

tlap-iefiail I supplicate. — 'As 
tri/ii and iip-l^fit, I send ; and U/iai 
and i/p-le/iai is, I wish to be sent to 
me, i. e<, I desire, seek i so irap-ltijii 
is, I admit ; trap-Ufiai, 1 wilh to he 
admitted to nie, i. e. pray, precor, 
depiecor," R. Knl /!«»■ rm tfol -wAwy 
III &yhpet 'Adijyaioi, rovro i/iwv bioflat 
Kai wap-ltfiai, Plato 

Ilapios : applied to Parian mat- 

Ilap-iaQftia: glands at the root of 
the tongue, attended nilh swclliDg 
and iuflammation, and producing a 
difiicully of swallowing. — That is, 
diseases about the laS/ws or neck, 
which, referred to the head and bo- 
dy, forms an isthmus 

Ylapiiti : the Latin parma, a little 
round shield 

riapriii, qcroi ; Ilapyi]iTeos : mount 

Tiiprorp: a kind of locust. — 'Oaot 

TO xP'ih'^ Ttnpvoirbiv -Tpoo-iprx""', 
Aristoph.: What a qunnlily of lo- 
cusIb are coming; i.e. of men like 

IlapaidE : from before ; before, in 
front of; before, in reference to 
time. — The same as ii&poa-Qe, See 

ia-fj u tliR ground is wet, ^^^^| 

nAP s 

lUp-etKoi: one who lives near. 
Oue who leaves liii country and 
comes and ii*cs neftr the inliabilanis 
of aDolIier, a sojourner. — H. paro- 
ehia, parochial, parUk 

llop-bi/ifa : a proverb. — Fr. tXftoi. 
From its being commonly epoben in 
the public streets. T. defines Pro- 
verb *a short sentence frequenlly 
repeated by the people.' Hence a 
pareemiac" in a system of anapeetto 

nap-otfila '. a proverb, or obscure 
saying requiring explanation. — Pro- 
verbs, says Schl., are generally ob- 
scure. See above. '\bt rvv wa^pti^ 
fffy XqXgTi imI rapmfilav oiiie-filav 
Xiytti, NT. : See now you speak 
freely and say no proverb or dark 

Uap-oifiia : an illustration taken 
from events which occur {rap' ocjiaii, 
ia the public streets, i. e.) in com- 
mon life, and applied by way of 

nipot : See before iraprta 

TIap-oxpt: 'an officer who pro- 
vided what was afforded by the 
public to ambassadors, foreigners, 
or strangers,' Fac. — Fr. wap-oj^a pm. 
of irap'ijfia. ' Villula tectum PrjE- 
BV IT, tt parochi quo: debent ligna 
salemque,' Hor. 

tl&p-oj^ai : one who conducted 
the bride to her husband's house 
■nd gave her to him. — See above 

ttap-oipts : a delicate dish served 
up out of the usual course, called by 
tbe French 'entremets,' Bl. Also, a 
diih, platter. — Fr. o<l/oy. See irapa 
in composition 

Tlap-pifirla : a liberty of saving 
BTEHT thing; freedom ; boldness, 
confidence. — For ray-ptiala," fr. 
tfi^^aat pp. of p4u 

riap-fiiu : I write a poem in imi- 
tation of one written by another; I 
parody. Also, I transfer the poem 
or verses of another from their pro- 
per intent and bearing. — Fr. heihui 

WAX, fern, naaa, neut. way ; gen. 
irnvroi, &c. : all, every ; whole, 
universal. — H. pan-orama, Pan-do~ 

18 Fromi 

] CompiiTe TfurfTvilp. 
aO The chunbci »«< 

19 HAS 

r a, Pan-theon,pan-ophf, panto-mime 
WairrraXri : the same as ^oin-Uq 
XlaaaoKot : a stake, pile, post, 

peg. — Fr. 7raaaiii=:iniaiiv and wiiyu 

and rayo), pango. So paxillus ft. 

paxitr.pago. Hence Fac. derives 


Tliaaa^ : a small stake. — See 


Ttaa-avhl-^ : for vav-whi^ 
Y{aoom '. the Lat. paisum, raisin 

riitroM, ful. ff^Tu: I sprinkle; 
throw over or upon, — Hence &Xl- 
-Ka/jTos, sprinkled with salt. Hence 
Mor. derives pa»te, which T. defines 
any thing mixed up si as to be 
viscous and tenacious, as flour and 
water. E. defines ra vaara, brolb 
MIXED with flour 

traaawy; thicker. — ConpBralivfi 
ofirajfui. See aeoov 

Toorof, ahoi', ■raarot'. tt hall, 

chamber, or ante-chamber. Xlavrht 

t6t' Svfftv , . . Olffere irDp, m^apiit ii 
Btipay ava-Ko^ar ^x^ai," Theocr, 
It is frequently joined to OaXafios in 
the Epigrams ; Nu/i^e/ou Baka/iou 
Kai TraarAiot, 'Et; wairruv r&K 0aXa- 
fiay. Qahi/iuy eiri rairraaiv 

iraaTO'^Dpoi : priests who carried 
in their processions little chapels con- 
taining an image of the God whose 
festival 1 hey celebrated. But Clemens 
underalandsTatrrocof the veil or cur- 
tain thrown over the shrine which they 
raised up to show the God. ' Sulm. 
thinks that the ffaXa^ni-n-oXot were the 
same as the iraaToij>6poi, The shrine, 
to which Apis retired and in which he 
lay, was mystically termed a bed- 
chamber. Hence the ship, which 
used to carry the ahrine of Apis to 
Memphis, is called OaXafi-Jiyot by 
Diodorus. In the processions then 
of Apis at least they did not difl'er,' 
Sturze. See above 

11(1(7X1 : the pasEover; paschal 
lamb; patehal fenst 

ria^iij : I suffer, vaQia ; experi- 
ence, '17 vaaytit ; what Ao you suf- 
fer? what ails you t what is the 

, generally conMiUng of a pro- dajkncw. Tlien he called liii WTrants : 

Bnag bie, aiul cat off tbc finn bolts of tha 

■naaavtln. doors. 





inalteil El Ttaax-', I suffer well at 
the hands of auother, I receive a 
kindDeas from him. — AEi^a iraaj(pfiev 
KaKa, Eurip. 

Tlatrxy : I enpecience feelings, am 
Bflfected or feel towards. — 'OnoUra- 
Tov irair)(ui irpas rnui (fiiko-iraifoiiyrai 
Omrep irpo« row itai£oyras, Plalo : I 
feel towards pbilosopliera as I do to- 
wards persons wim are al play. 
Comp. waOiu and • apallij,' a want 


vAaxio: I am of such a nature. 

nairx«( *i TaiiTO Tovro aal tU Kopba- 

jxa, Aristoph., Cresses too are of the 
same nature ; tbe same thing hap- 
pens also in regard to cresses. Hence 
mijxio is frequently used in the sense 
of acting or doing, nimytiv n ^lAo- 
-ao^iKov, To act in the manner of a 
philosopher, i. e. to be of his nature. 
"EB-aOoi' ri'O/iijpiiioi', Arislid. : Tbey bluster, ra<;e. 
did as Homer did, they followed TroXv-^Xoiafjoi 
Homer. 'Ofiotiv rt TaT)iu, I act Jlence (i. e, fr. 
similarly to. ToSro oKaiiov Qcaruy Aristophanes jocosely 

nirpios : paletnal ; (lescei 
from one's forefathers, hereditary ; 
usual in one's (irarpii) country 

\laTp-ov-j(os vap&ivoi : an orphan 
girl williout brothers, and thus pos- 
sessing her father's property. — 

W&Tfiiuv : the Lat. patronus, St. 

riurpwE: a palernal iuic\e, patruus 

tlabai ; '■ I cause to cease, stop, 

pause ; I cease, &c. — Fr. fut. waS/at 

Tlaupos: few, sntall in number; 

small. — Fr. nauu. From tbe notion 

of interniissiou and interval. Hence 

perhaps pauciu and paFrua, pamu, 

as vevpoy, iieVron, ' nervns' 

Uaitw : See before iroiiXa 

[f>Xa£tu: 1 boil, bubble, ^liSti; 

Kufiara inupKaSami 

Bak^airris, Horn. 



n-diTxei'', Aristoph., It is the ing orator a Papklagonian 

custom of foolish spectators to do so 
na^^^qnaw : idem quod jradin' 

tvofiai. A trairxw 

iriaraiTDu, fa) : I beat, strike, g-iv( 

Ilaxvi: thick, dense; fat; ric^; 
lense, stupid. — Fr. wiraxa p. «( 
rayiAi. 1. e. compact 

Uaxv^ : dew condensed and con- 

a blow. Applied also to the heart gcaled, hoar-frost; blood congeated. 

beating. — Fr, viirarat pp. of ««i 
press. N. compares pal 

ndrayos : a clatter. — Fr. iiraTuyov 
a. 3. of trardo-iriii. Tbe sound nisde 
by things struck 

iiaHia : I tread, trample on. — Fr. 
viiiaTai pp. of -rail), I press, L. 
Hence n-aroi, a way trodden, a path, 
which perhaps is allied. From pp. 
TrenaTT/Tai are the Peri-patelic phi- 

IlaT^ai: I feed another. — Fr, T^irn- 
Toi pp. of wool, wh. iragKii), pasco, 
as /3d<«iu fr. /Jdu 
" ilATHP, gen. ■naripos, Tnj-pw: 

pater, a father. — Fr. itijiarai pp. of session, acquire 

For najflyy). See above 

Xlaoi : 1 press. See ira/ut 

ridui or 'Hdo^at ; ' I taste ; I live 
on ; I possess. These senses easily 
conspire together. The primary 
signitication is, t care for, I nourish. 
Fr. jrau (see jrar^p) is Lat. patco, as 
/SiioKu fr. /3du ; for from these twa 
senses easily flowed that of feeding. 
To taste and to live on are iiolblDg 
but to feed oneself. Again; the 
wealth of the earliest men cousisted 
in their cattle. He, who took ore 
of and fed cattle, had possessions,' 
Vk. Fldo^ai is also, I acquire a pos- 


[ feed, nourish 

Ilarpia : a family, tribe. — Fr. «a- 
rpoi gen. of nariip. From Iheir hav- 
ing a eonimoo father, or paler-fami- 
lias. H. patri-arch 

DoTpis, iios : the land of one's 
fathers, one's country, jta(na 

Xlilovx the ground; land. — Fr. 
the ancient irei, irelui, pea, pedis. 
That which is pressed or trodden by 
the font 

Uebii : supposed to correspond to 
Itera, by two jEolic changes of let- 
ters. Portus thinks these changes 

a iJieLyieum 2 Fr. ria, I press, reproM. 

HEd 321 HEI 

too violent; lie imagines that tcSq is vaur; I make an attempt od ; at on 
allied to Tfi&or; and translates reb- a town; on tlie virtue of another. 
-a/itl^ai, 1 change the land ; and reh- I make a trial of. Ueipaofiai, I try, 
-aipiv, I raise {U wibov) from thcsoil make an allempt. Hence the per- 
or ground. But this seems to fail feet is, I have made trial; by re- 
in some words, as in the following, peated trials I am became versed, 
for which however some read fier- skilled, experienced, expert in any 
-aixjitos thing. — Fr. irepuu wh. lit, peritut, 

T\th-al^ios'. 'hetweentwoarmies; pericvlum. cx-perior, Fr, xelpa, aa 

placed in the middle; ia mid air,' attempt, it c/i-vei^uor, wh. em-pt'n'c, 

Bl. — Fr, aly(}iv- See above a trier, an experimental, a quack. 

neSarot : low on the ground ; Fr. pp. vevtlpaTot is a pirate, one 

liumble. — Fr. irihov wbo makes hardy enterprises 

lUiif. ih\.\et,pedica. — Fr. wei, tiet^^u: I try ; make a trial of ; 

ireSoi, pes, pedis. So ' fetter ' for make a trial of, try, prove, another's 

•feeler' fr. 'feet' integrity, &c.— -See above 

Jlihikov: a shoe, sandal, — Yt.-sU, xeipai; See jrepat 
&C. 'Xlc-eh^aaTO xoKa ireSiXa, Horn. Titipaia : See before jreipnfw 

Tl^hlov. a plain, plain cawitry. — Tltiptvt, iSoc: a travelling case 

Fr. -kHov, or fr. xii, jrtior, as being tied to a carriage. — '\p,aipy 'OwW- 

adapted to the feet aat iiriayti, TrelpirBa ie Ssiaai iir' ai- 

Ilf&ov; See before xeSa rqc,^ Horn. 

IleSa: llie sole of the foot; the Utipu, fut. trepH: I pass through, 

foot or border of a garment ; aland penetrate; make to pass through, 

or region. Tliiri, ou foot. To weSi- penetrate with any thing, as with a 

EOF, die infantry. — That h.virriaot spear. — Hence Lat. per, through. 

Wdffa &. the ancient iTE^i, irc^i, pes, Fr. pm. rEiropa is a pore, passage of 

pedis. So iraliu fr. iraiii, iroiJcit perspiration 

llfiOu, ow : I induce another to Ileiir/ia, aroi : a rope by which a 

assent or obedience. Ild^o^ai, I am ship is tied to laud, Vk. But it 

persuade(lorinduced;yieldtoadvice; is rather used of the rope to whicti 

yield to statements, credit them ; yield the anchor is TiKl), i. e. the cable. 

to orders, obey. Xli-roSa, I persuade — Fr. viTreiafiai pp. of TciOu, I bind, 

myself to any thing, I am confident See irtiOv 
of any thing; I put conlidence in Jleitrij: the same as n'tTtr^n 
any statement, creidit it. — Fr. emi- irelaofiai :'' 1 shall suSer. — Fut. of 

Sqi* a. I. p. of irtiii=sjria>, I press, ireldv=Tidu. Ilair^w re icai T^irotda 

urge, i. e. with arguments, threats, c&n rtlaofiat, Eurip. : I suffer, have 

Sic. Or, 1 press close, bind : ' Blan- suffered, and still shall suffer 
Ai, oratione Lioo atque ad assensum Ylenriiip, flpot : a cord; — Fr. vi-^ 

OBLIGO,' Vk. Ov reiatit, ohh' Jjy xei irra i pp. ofxeiflot, I bind 
TTtiitrir, Aristopb. : You shall not HetoiiXioy : the Latin peculiwa 
persuade me, not cveo if you do per- Tlinnt i See before irtiva 
suade me. 'AXAa n/Secrde, ivel wel- Tli\ayos, tot: the Sea, — Hence 

Oeadai Sfitivoy,^ Horn. pelagua and Arehi-pelago 

riEKfl, TidKw, ifit : I card wool, IlcXafu : See before xeXunit 
shear. — H. pecta and pectu iriXaros : a cake ; a cake of blood 

n«i>'a :• hunger, famine. — 'Being orany thing concrete. — 'Ee i' 6/iop- 

all starved with pine and penury,' £ov adXiov XTOfiaroc aip&hjj T^Xiitw 

Spenser o/i/ioruiv r' fixo, Eurip.' With this L. 

rieipobi : ' I try, attempt, endea- identifies the Lat. planus i. e. pela- 

is better whggan and lo tie on it Uie travelliog cue. 






nut. So irXdM for *t\&v niculum) of the b«rb. — Bee rfXi 

lUXapyot: a ilork. — Supposed to IlcXeirvc See before veXcK&v 

cotne fr. TcXor, black, aod Apyit, UtiXefiiSu : I Tibrale ; make to 

white, fromitsbaviDgblackandwhite tremble or palpitnte. — Perhaps al- 

fcathers. This however does not lied to ra\a/it} and vaWia. Com- 

seem a characteristic qunlity. Hence pare iroXrpas also." Ty fro woaei 

ircXapyiKvs vofiot, a law by which fiiya$ wcXefilitr' "OXu/iroi,'* Horn, 

children were obliged to nourish IIeXoi, ircXXoi : blatk, livid. — Thy 

their aged parents. So called from oW ritv ireWav, Tbeocr.: The blaek 

the care paid by the stork to its aged eheep. See ve\apy6s. Fr. ncXXii 

parent some derive the Lat. adjective pullui 

lliKat : near. 'O rtXai, onc'i xiXioc, tttXibvas : livid. — See 

neighbour ; and generally, another, above. To /lir cfw9cv iru/ia oi ^Aw- 

— TjlXefia^ou TrfKat 'ararOf Hom . : pay ijy, tiXX' inr-tpvQpov , iceKAfov, 

He ttood near Teleniachus ifKvKralvais ftmpals Kai c\i;citi»' e{->]f- 

n«U£(», ffeXnSd", jreXdw, irXdui, flijroi," Thucyd. 

xXq/ii; I briug 
to.— Fr. *i\at 

one who lives II 
condition who 
and attends i 
Lat. cHeOB. - 

; I come near 

who comes near ; 
; one of inferior 
les to one's house 
answering to the 

n^Xa: a vessel, milk-pail; a 
broad vessel to drink from. — 'ilt fr* 
Tai . . . jipoiiiatai wepi-y\a,yiat Ka- 
TcXXai,'* Hom. 
neXXuf : See after TrtXtfilSu 
Hikita, aros: the sole of the shoe. 
Fr. weirftarot pp, of — Eit ra riXfiaTa r&v vvo-htj/iarmv 
i^-l3iK6rTas y^v, •' Polyb. 
IleXoi; See before n-iXioi 
n^Xn) : a small buckler in the 
form of a half moon. — ' Ducit Ama- 
zonidum lunatis agmioa j/etlit,' 

fTcXui, irkXofuu, irXoftai : I ani pre- 
nt. Primarily, 1 am conversant 
with any place, versob in aliquo 
loco. For from the pm. wiroXa u 
ffoXoi, the po/e, socalled (a versan- 
DO) from turning round, L. Thus 
irept-irXo/iiyov iyiavrou is, the year 
revolving or turning round. Aad 

HeXau : See before ircXari)! 

■n-iXtBos, a-a-iXtdot: dung. — IliXe- 
Oov aprlui KtxeaftiyQv, Aristoph. 

itiXtBpov : the same as irX^pov 

x^eia : a dove. — 'Epair^iq wtX^ta, 
TUel; Ti eoi iiiXtiii; 'AvoKpiuy f*' 
ihtffi^ TTpoi wdiba, rpos BuQuXXoi'* sent. 
Kal vvy, op^s ineiyov 'Eiwi-trroXiu co- 
fil£«,^ Anacr. 

tliXeiivs, Euc, if : a batcbet or axe. 
— TlfXiKtaai Kal a^vijin fiajfoiTo, '" 
Hom. Hence Mor. derives a jie/ican, 
' from its beak resembling a hatchet 

in ila flatness and in being nearly of Afupl-roXoi is one who is occupied 
the same size throughout.' J. calls about her mistress, circa domi- 
wtXtKav the pelican or axe bird : nam versans, S. That is, one 
'having a strong bill capable of who is present with her and by her, 
peeling and scooping trees.' And Hence W\u is, I am present, at hand, 
for ibis reason some translate 7te\e- near. It sometimes is simply, I am, 
Kav the mag-pie KXayy^ yepavwv viXei ovpav60i rpi, 

lUXtxay: See above Horn.: There is a noise of cranes 

XleXet'iyos: 'a herb bearing pods before the heaven. 'Ex aov riiS« 
resembhug a little axe,' Fbc. Also trayra iriXoyrai, Id,: From you are 
some bird ; from its beak, says C, all these things 
resembling the form of the tuft (cor- ITMiup, to : '" any thing stupen- 

9 Lovely dove, wbo are yon, and wfa«t is 
TODT bniineis I Anacieon baa seat me to a 
boy, to Bathyllos. And ;ou see I am cnny- 
iog tiia Letter, (or his conuaands). 

10 They fought with hatcheta aod axei. 

1 1 Hence ic^», ■tXu, irrJAw, seem ailied. 
See iio\^ 

13 Under hii feet great 01 jmpus trembled. 
13 The exteaot part of (he body wis aat 

pale, but reddiih, IJTid, blolched with [jttlt 
put tales and ulcera. 
14 Ah when fliei bnzz about the ptili 

dous. — Oirot 5' A'lat hrl weXipioc, 
^icoi "A^"'"''." Honi. rieXuipin, lira 
fipettaiy. Id., Stupendous, like riouii> 

TreKupU : a kiod of sheiUiisli. — 
* Murice Biiaao nielior Lucriuape- 
lorii,' Hot. 

vtfiTraSia I I reckon, number; 
eiiuraerale; calculate, consider; re- 
flect on. — Fr. vifi-rt, the ^olic form 
of niyrt. I. e. 1 reckon by fives. 
But R. supposes the primary and 
proper meaning of ata-TreftiiiiSu to 
be, I return (re»oco) food lo tlie 
cud ; and quotes the Scbol. cid 
Arislopli, ; riuv ava-irtfivaSoi'Tuv rfiv 
rpo^i)v Siiiuv Ka\ auSii di'a-^airiii^E- 
vniv. And hence he derives the no- 
tion of ruminating and reflecting. 
'Afa-we/nraitj would thus flow from 
iriftiru : I lend back 

n^^TTu: 1 send; send on, send 
forward, convey ; send forward in a 
procCMion. — Aci^erf, ^fperf, ttIji- 
. irer', atlpere iiovhifxas, Eurip. :THke, 
bear, send forward, raise niy body. 
From pm. wiTrofiva is pompa, a pro- 

TlifariXot : very old.— Fr. wifiwu. 
' From being just ready to be sbnt 
to Hades,' EM. Tz. 

FT^j-rei'* five.— H. pent^-meter, 
penta-gon, Penla-teuck. Hei>ce 
^ol. Ttiftire, xifiKt, (as 'ikko% fr. iirjroi) 
quimque, quinque 

Ile/iirToi; hfth. — Fr. -refi^t, the 
£olic form of jrftre. See above 

Xlifomi : a Street or broad place 
in a camp where provisions were 
sold. So Lat. ' quintana' fr. 'quin- 
tus ;' ' FrKlorio dejecto, ad quie- 
ilorium forum giiiNTANAMguE 
hostes pervenerunt,' Livy. See above 

n^fi^t^, if. that which bodies 
SEND out or emit ; a puff from the 
mouth ; vapor from the earth ; ray 
from the sun ; pustule or pimple 
from the akin ; bubble or drop from 
the surface of waters. — Fr. niirtfifa 
p. of icifiirv 

Iltfi^U : the breath or soul ; the 
soul of the dead.— See *^/j^i|. Tz. 
deduces it from the notion of the 

3 HEM 

louls of ihe dead being easi^ c 
veyed or transmitted iu conse- 
quence of their lightness 

refifp^iaiv : a kind of wasp. — 
M^Xiirirat, Iltiiijipt]hiif, ff^qeft re, 

n^foi, ^irofiai : 1 do or am em- 
ployed about anything. — Fr. pm. 
ir^iroi'a is y*u-roria, employment 
about the land, working at the land, 
agriculture: 'Agriculture had em- 
ployed the pens of the niHestof the 
ancients; and their chosen precepts 
are contained in the twenty books 
of the GeO'ponics of Coustantine,* 

rievD/iai: I am needy or poor. — 
From the noliou of working and 
laboring. See above. Hence srtnjs, 
poor ; whence, or fr. ireica, Voss. 
derives penuria, ptnvrt/ 

Xltyiarat: men captured in war 
and condemned to hard labor; 
slaves. — See above 

W£vt)s,riTOt : poor. — See ir^i'D/iai 

nei-Oepoi :'' a wife's father-in-law. 

— H TIM TBI aJT-iiXero 'l\io0i tipa, 

'EjrflXos iiuv ya/ijiput 1) vcf depot, 


TJivBos, €os : suffering, pain, grief. 
— Allied to Tradoc, as ^iydos to jiiOot. 
' There, where no passion, pride, or 
sbame transport, Lull'd with the 
iweel »e-pentke of a court,' Pope 
n^fo/jQi : See before Triyinat 
nirre : See after ir^/mreXoi 
IlevraKis: live times. — Ft, irivre 
Hiyu, o/iai I See after mfi^pifflur 
neoi,'°eDi:peni«;quE vox forsan 
a GrxcA est derivata, hteri n addild, 
ut Fac. derivat ' pleous' a vKios 

n^irrai, iZ-u, Wrru, ireiriToi: 1 cook, 
concoct, boil, make tender ; applied 
to the sun, I make mellow or ripe. 
Also, I bake &q. And, I cook in 
the stomach, digest. Pliuy has. 
'coqui cihos in corporibus,' — H. 
dj/s-pfpsi/, difficulty of digestion; 
dyi-peptic. Fr. pm. riicinta. is per- 
haps poptRs, a cook-shop 

n^roi, iTEfro-ut : I cook as it were 
in the breast, cherish, nourish : 
' But I ever bewail and {viavtt) 


IT And thig is the Bti 
.fence of (ha Greeks. 

18 ' Tbn Mune u rim 
:ys Bngina,' S. 

ipeadous Ajax, tha 

13 Fr. irfVSoi, L. Que w 
■llfl tlie fortunes of it fiaiilj, . 
20 A W«. premo, 3. ^^ 


nEn Hi 

oheTiiti athoasBnd cares.' Sa Silins: 
'Iras cum fraude coqubntem.' 
Again : ' For us, let us return 
home: and let us leave Agamemnon 
here iyipa wivaefitv) to nourish and 
cherish bis honors,' i.«. simply, to 
enjoy his honors, by himself. Hence 
Ap. Rh, uses wieow in the sense of 
enjoying simply : 'This is the only 
thing which remained for me to ask 
of you : for I (vdXai iiieoa}) have of 
old enjoyed all other supplies.' 
Pindar speaks of remaining with a 
mother and (WauDn-') cherishing- a 
tranquil life in her society. See above 

HeTraiyiit : I make mellow or ripe. 
— Fr. iirerov a. 2. ofviwrbi 

ttCTrapelv : s very doubtful word 
in Pindar, for which Heyne reads 
mvoptiyl fr. iropiuissKoplSui The 
Schol. says: irevapely Jj isoplSciv. 
Paro, avi, may be allied. Boeck 
reads rtxapelv • translates tt, to de- 
clare, manifest or show; and sup- 
poses it allied to Lat. parere, 

he adds, ' qu: 
caligine tcclui 
lu{ - 

Mihi eritm 


c crassS 

n^eipot: soft; ripe, mellow. — 
Fr. iteTioy a. 2. of ireiru 

T\iirtpi : pepper 

TceifKiiyai : the same as vXiiaaa, 
and formed fr. pm. visX^ya 

Ylhrkos : a robe, garment. — ' Iii- 
terea ad lemplum nou iequie Palladis 
ibant Crioibus Iliades ^asfAs peplum- 
que ferebaut,' Virg. 

n^ir>'v;iai:* I am prudent. — tuaa 
eln-Ef Uff" 5c irevvifievos kvrfp EiTrni 
KoX ^iifiw, Kni Si irpo-yeviaTtpos tii,'' 
Hom. OlicnX^yuv re xal 'Ayriiviip, 
TTtTrvvfiiriu &iifiii. Id,; Ucalegon and 
Antenor, both prudent men 

iriirotrde: you have sufTered, — 'Fr. 
irdox- [or Wirn"] ■' P- s-tToirx''- 
From this probably comes the 
Homeric jri-roadt forireirtiiT^are; ac- 
cording to others for wciroyQarc; or 

I Pp. of rviw, supposed to bo allied to 
wyiu ; and to be tntDiteiitid to the vilalily of 
tlio mind. Bl. demea ririai fr. neia. JJut 
it is Ktmei to beUrre that itpAoi is abbreciated 
fr. rifiti iban tbat sinW ii lenglliened fi. 

S You have said Ihal which a prudent man 
ifroald bare .-taid and done, and one wVio 

nEn ^M 

viwrioQe fr. wftau; or treTeivtoOty vt 
indeed fr. Tciu,' M. 

TrinpaiTai : has been limited, de- 
fined, appointed i. e, by fate. So 
Ttcrrpmpevoy ij/jop, the day limited, de- 
lined, decreed by fate. — Supposed to 
be put for Teireparurat pp. of ireparou 
fr. iripas, gen. iripaTos, an end, limit 

v&itrafun: for werira^ai pp. of 
TtTObi, I spread out 

riiiTTu : See after ir^oi 

Wiwaiy '. soft, gentle, mild. ''H 
TriTToy, a Mrt-Wae, Horn.: O my 
gentle friend, O Menelaus. Also, 
soft, weak; aofl-liearted, timid; 
'fl Teirowv, . . . 'k')(a<ihti, ovu fr' 
'Ax"")'',* Id.— Fr. eTTCTOf a. 2. of 

TliniDv: a pompion or pumpkin. 
— ' Marcion peponem cordis loco 
habuit,' Terlull. So Goodman : 
'They become as dull as donuke, 
as flat and insipid as pompions' 

IIEP : Hoog. supposes it to nwflil 
PBNiTUS, thoroughly, entirely, • 
altogether ;* fr. xepi (wh. Lat. per) 

fut. of velpa, IgO THROOGH, PENB- 

TRATE. All entirely what he says, 

(irarra &-rep Xiyei) is just- He 

went to Cyrus (.i-atp) just as he was. 
He is hungry (|-irep 'Avri^iv) just 
as Antipho is. As irip, altngelher as, 
Others irep, others altogether, i. e. 
any others whatever. So again : 
Tydides faced tlie enemy, nfru 
ffcp fine, being allogelher alone, 
allogetlier alone as he was, though 
he was allogelher alone. Do not 
face these dangers, brave rep iuiy, 
though you are entirely brave. 
Hence irtp is often used for 
vfp ioiy, and means, although. 
Again : 'OXlyov irrp, in entirely or 
quite a smnli degree : ' If the arrow 
should touch me {uXiyi'y jrep) in 
quite a small degree,' i. e. in ever so 
small a degree: If it ever so hghlly 
touch me : If it touch me though 
tightly -jl^ 

4 Hm. supposes it properly to mtM, 
abont, almo«t ; and to be put for mpl. Tliua •■ 
All ^iTtpl nearly, what be saji, is truth. 

iT\3 w. ttKM 




irep: In this passage of Homer, 
Ni|irvrc', oiii vv flr« Tep cT-e^pdo'Ctf ; 
Hoog. still translates «-ep by PENI- 
TUS : Do you not even yet entire- 
ly understand it? 

ITepaitf : I pass through or over ; I 
make to pass, I pass through or 
over, as merchandise for sale; I 
sell ; I pass over or beyond others, 
surpass, excel them. — Hence Lat. 
per. See weipto 

Uipa : over, quite over, on the 
other side, beyond ; over and above, 
beyond moderation. Uipa avdptitwov, 
beyond man, beyond the power of 
inan. — See above 

Hipas, Trelpas, veipap, aros I the 
furthest or uttermost point, limit, 
boundary, end. All the habitable 
world ckTTo wfpaTwv liri wipara, from 
one end to the other. Homer speaks 
of the ireipara of art ; i. e. says E., 
the means by which art is brought to 
an end or to perfection. (Kara) to 
^ irkpai and irepas, at the end, at last. 
— Fr. vepatj. Properly, the point 
as far as which a person can pass, 

Tlepaivu, ireipaiPia'. I bring to an 
END, finish, accomplish, conclude; 
define. Iletpi/vavrer a rope from a 
place, i. e. having fixed a rope from 
it ; considering the place of fixture 
the boundary or limit. — Fr. vcpas 

TJipas : See before irepaiyia 

Ti€p6na : See before iripa 

Tiipyafia, wv : Pergama, the cita- 
del oJFTroy; any citadel 

Tl^pbi^: perdix, French perdrix, 
wh. partridge 

Tliphta : PEDO, crepitum ventris 

IlipOw, aiD : I destroy, lay waste. 
— Fr. pm. friwopda is irroXl-Tropdos, 
for voXl'iropdos, a layer waste of ci- 
ties. Hence some derive perdo 

riEPI : round, round about, as in 
the peri'Odic ^ revolutions of the 
earth and the planets. But, like d/i^i, 
it is frequently aptly expressed by, 
about. To wear a ring about the 
finger ; about evening ; about the 
full assembly, i. e. about the time 
when the assembly is full ; about 

3000 in number. So also, to speak 
about any thing, to care little or 
much about, to have fears about, to 
be occupied about. Hence flow the 
notions of, concerning, respecting, in 
regard to, in consequence of, for: 
To be compared in respect of num- 
bers ; to cry out in consequence of 
fear; to fight about or for our coun- 
try ; to ofi^end in regard to any thing, 
and (transferred to persons) to of- 
fend in regard to or against any one 

riepl is also, above, over; and 
seems to be here much the same as 
Trepa: But this man wishes to be 
(jrepl) over, above all others. So 
Tepi-elyai to be superior, to con- 
quer; and also, to live over anothe**, 
superesse, to survive. So w€pi-8vya 
is, harness over and above, super- 
fluous harness 

Ilept in composition: roundabout; 
from all parts round about. Also, 
very, as Lat. per in per-magnuSf &c. 
Thus to be looked up to (ircpi) from 
all sides is, to be very much looked 
up to ; happy (Trept) on all sides ii, 
very happy. So in a bad sense: 
cried up Trept is, infamous ; busy irepl 
is, officious. In verbs of seeing and 
thinking it has the sense of negli- 
gence or contempt: for he, who 
throws his eyes or mind on all around, 
has an unfixed attention and over- 
looks particular objects. Thtitf wepc- 
'tbelv is, to neglect or contemn 

Heptfiapihes : shoes, particularly 
of maid servants. — TwaiKcs at icaO- 
'illiieO* el'Tivdiff^ivat, KpoKutra (jfcpovirai 
jcac vFpiffaplhas,^ Aristoph. 

Uepi'itrrriKev : it happened. It 
happened (ir^pUtTTriKev) to the city 
differently from what was probable. 
Or, The opposite to what was pro- 
bable happened to the city. Or, the 
city was differently circumstan- 
ced from what was probable. Comp. 
• circumstance ' fr. ' circum sto* 

JJepi'tifJieKTiut : See iifitKrita 

flcpZ-KiyXos : very dry. — * For icoe- 
\os fr. KatD\ i. e. flt to burn,' Dm. 

YlepiKvosi a corrupt reading in 
Xenophon, for which M-piKvos is 
the approved reading in Pollux 

5 From 68ij, a waj. «»m>>To\ApTy , "w^rcivn^ ^^AVri^ x^^**^ tcrA ^'^ 

6 We women whu sit hen il^rked witk Rhoe». 





Uepi'Kufviw : I pitch round. — Tbv 
iTfroyyov ^Xaav €K rfjs XtK&vrjs rafifiahC 
^fi&v w^pi'Kuvei,^ Aristopli. That is, 
says St., He wipes and anoints the 
shoes of us judges by way of servi- 
lity and flattery 

Ylepl^ : the same as wept 

Uepi-ovtria : superfluity of sub- 
stance, affluence 

Trepi-irereia: fortunae CASUS, Schw. 
Any thing which falls out for the 
better or for the worse. — Fr. irerw 

irept'Treri^iTreirKois : * wrapped round 
'With clothes (involutus). In a singu- 
lar sense. "Eyx^^ irepi-Treres, Soph., 
i. e. ^ Trepi'kireae. Tlepi-TreTels rv^as. 
Id., i. e. als Trcpi-eTreflres,* Bl. — Fr. 
iriru), I fall 

TTcpi'TreTTii) : AlfTxw6fi€P0i yap ap- 
yvpiov aiTeiv *i(TU)5 ^Ovofiari Trepi-irer' 
Tovcri Ttjv fiO'^dripiav, Aristoph. : For, 
being ashamed perhaps to ask for 
money, they cloak their importunity 
under a name. * Soften, [See ite- 
TTwp] disguise by a fair name, J. * In- 
volvunt nomine,* Br. * Tiept-TrirTeiv 
is to soak or steep [or bake] bread, 
and to get a crust on it. Hence it is 
used for covering with show and 
trick any thing of an inferior quality. 
So Clem. Alex. : Tlepi'TriTTeiv to (rCJfia 
y(\afjiv<Ti TTopclivpiois, To give a spe- 
cious beauty to an ugly body by 
purple vests,' TH. See w^Trrw 

U^pi'TToUofiai : I make my own, 
acquire, gain ; secure and preserve 
what I have made my own or what I 
possess; vindicate and claim what 
is my just possession. Also, I ac- 
quire over and above what I did be- 
fore, I increase my possessions. — Fr. 


IIcpi-TroXa^w : I revolve round, go 
round and round, versor circiim. — 
Fr. wlnoXa. See tt^Xw and Itt/ttXo- 


irepi-irrlfftnax I take away the chaff. 
— Properly, apparently, by pound- 
ing. See frrlaaut, which is said to 
mean not only, I pound ; but also, I 
peel, &c. 

irepi'^rih^s ik rpaitiSTgi Kairweae 
hivridcU, Horn.: translated by CI., 
* vertiginosus circa mensam deci- 
dit contortus.' Dm. derives irepippri' 

hris fr. ^ppTiba=ififiaba pm. of pa^u, 
I sprinkle, and translates it, ' totus 
fluens et conspersus sanguine suo.' 
J. translates it, weltering. It may 
be formed fr. prihriv fr. epprirai pp. 
of peb), 1 flow 

Trepe-fficeXi/s : hard. — Fr. atcekQ fut. 
of ffk'MXw. Comp. ffKXrtpos 

V€pi'(j7rip')(ii) : ^(OKiiav Kal A.OKpwv 
irepi'cnrep'^eovTUiv rrj yvw/ii; ravry, 
Herod. * It seems here to be taken 
for opposing studiously, which is 
done by such as run about here and 
there to make an obstruction to any 
thing which is unpleasant to them. 
Ylepl indicates the running round and 
round of such as look diligently in 
every quarter to try to obtain their » 
wish, lir^pxdf is, I accelerate and 
urge a thing to its accomplishment,' 
Portus. The word seems just as 
well to imply eagerness in defending 
as eagerness in opposing. Who would 
conclude from the reasoning of Por- 
tus that the Phocians and Locrians 
vehemently opposed the measure] 
Perhaps (rnkpyyt refers to the hurried 
state of an irritated mind. But 
the context must generally be left to 
decide such ambiguities of language 
as this. Sophocles has^H Trepc-o'ircp' 
'^ksiraBoSi which is translated by Br.: 
' O gravem asperamque calamita- 

TlepwaoSf TrepiTTos I that which is 
over and above, superabundant, sq- 
perfluous. — Fr. wepl 

Hepl'trrams: aCIRCUMSTANCE, 
event, accident, calamity. — Fr.^ora- 
ffat pp. of ffrcKa 

Uepitrrepa: a dove or pigeon. — 
* For TrepiaaoT^pa, very abundant or 
copious. From its breeding often in 
the year,' Bos. ' Pigeons breed many 
times in the year. So quick is their 
increase, that in the space of fonr 
years 14,76o pigeons may come from 
a single pair,' EB. 

t Tlepiorepewv and hpiorepewv : a 
kind of vervain 

Yltpiori-apyps or irepi^ctrri^apxos i 
one who superintends the -rites of 
purification, 6 ap^os twv irepl riyr 
iariav or etniav, the head of the 
things about an altar 

7 Holding a sponge, he daubs our shoes from the dish. 




^l-fi\r}<Trpov &(nrep iyjdvoiP Flepi-ffrc- 
X^^^f i£sch. : I fix round him a net 
like that used in catching fish.* words are sometimes used in 
the simple sense of arranging i. e. by 
rows (arlxots) 

irepi'^patris : periphrasis, circum- 
locution. — Fr. 7r€<l>paaai p, of ^pa^o- 

freptuKTios: excessive^ exceeding. 
OiJre n OavfjiaSeiv Trepiutatov ovt* dyd- 
aerOat, Hom. ; Not to wonder at, not 
to admire any thing exceedingly. 
llepuifffiov avTpov, Ap. Rh. : A cave 
exceedingly large, tlepibjatov opyvr' 
aih-^p, Id. : Raise a clamor exceed- 
ingly loud. Aopv Oovpov oTtf Trepiuf- 
aiov dXXdi)' l^vbos kf\ TTToXefjioiffiy dcc- 
pofiai, Id. : This impetuous spear by 
ivhich I raise for myself glory in war 
exceeding that of others. Lascaris 
translates it in the Epigrams, yery 
holy ; and St. derives it fr. ocrws. 
See i€p6s. Dm. derives it fr. avoi, fut. 
ava($f ; and translates it, 7rept-/3oi?ro*. 
Or, as durla is said by the Dorians 
for ovtrlcLf may ireptittnos be put for 
wepiovffios fr. oZtra fem. of wv : That 
which is (irepi) excessive ? 

HepKa^u): said of fruit beginning 
to be marked with black stripes or 
spots : "Orav &p\(avTai irepKa^eiv oi 
06Tpv€s, Theophr. : When the grapes 
begin to be streaked. — Fr. nepKos, 
spotted or streaked with black marks. 
S. supposes TTtpKos is properly, pier- 

liepdyri: a clasp, buckle. ■— Fr. 
vepuf fut. of Treipoi, I pierce 

iripirepos : a talker, boaster. 2rca- 
fivXos Kal^XaXos Kal tripirepos, Polyb. 
Hence TrepirepevofAai : *H ayairrl ov 
Trepvepeverat, oh (j>vfTtovTai, NT. : Love 
does not vaunt nor is pufied up. ' 'A- 
Xa^ovevopiai is the action of one who 
boasts of what does not belong to 
him ; vepwepevo/iat of one who boasts 
of what does* Vk. The Latin per- 
peram is supposed to be allied 

* 'ireppa : the Sun. Klfifiepos 6' 
OTTitis £«c<d, KaXv\l>€i nippaVf afifiXvvwy 
(reXas,^ Lycophr. Some translate it, 
the earth ; and Hm. proposes rep- 
pa v, terram 

Uepffia : the peach tree ; i. e. the 
Persian apple-tree 

Il€pa€<l>a(rffa : the same as Ilepcre- 
0orj7, wh. by corruption Proserpina, 
Proseipine, See Oepe^arra 

WeptjiKaii shoes of Persian form 
or extraction 

t WepiTiKos opyis I the peacock 

Ueptrts, ibos : a Persian woman ; 
the Persian land, Persia; ?i Persian 
vest ^ 

nipvffi :'° the year before ; in time 
past. — ^Etfffjitv 01 airoi vvv re koX ire- 
pvfTi^^^ Xen. 

Wiliiii ItirUi, (TTITT^rW Wh.) TriTTTU),^^ 

Trer^oi, Trreoi, werou), nrow I I fall, fall 
down, fall on, fall from, &c. — Fr. 
TT^TTTwrai pp. of Trrooi are di-ptot, 
monO'ptot, as * casus,' a ' case,' is 
fr. * cado ;' and fr. Triirrw/iai is sT/m- 

ced, pointed, distinctus ; derives it ptom,^^ *Hi' J5' en-iboifn neaovaav 

fr. TT^Trepica p. of Tre/po* ; and dedu- 
ces from it thg French percer, wh. 

wepKVQs : . an eagle. — Perhaps from 
•its black marks. See irepKaiw, Ate- 
Toy OP Kol irepKvov KaXeovtri, Hom. 

Uipva : a gammon of bacon. — 
* Funiosae cum pede perme,* Hor. 

flepi^da;, nipyrj/ji : I sell. — For Tre- 
paio, as &yv(»> for ayoi; &c. 

8 The reason of this phrase is very du- 
bious. Harpocratlon says: Karct rets 4K^po- 
fxits r&v Briplav opdh ^iiKa Itrraffiv h KdKovffi 
orlxovSf Ijyow trroixovSj KaTmrerdyvvpres av- 
rwy ^ixTva, tv*, ikv ainovs 4k<P&yi^ t^ dripiat 
elf Tfib UlicTva ifnr4<rp. This does not account 
for this use of (TtIxos. 

9 And, like a Cimmerian darkness, it 
shall bide the Sun, bluntiag its splendor. 

10 ' For ip Tcipvffi, dat. pi. of iripvs (as 

Avrwf, c56' avTwSf *^s ^ p* ^Xetrey,^^ 

Tie ff 005, Trerros : It is translated by 
some, a die, and the game of dice; 
but it seems to be opposed to Kvfios, 
and to be said of the play of chess. 
* Hes. derives it,* says St., * fr. we- 
aely, from its being a game of chance 
and ACCIDENT. This would be 
well, if ireaaos were taken for icv/3os 

fiSrpvffi it, fiSrpvs,) fr. ircpw fut. of icftpVi I 
pass/ S. 

1 1 We are the same now as formerly. 

12 So /tteW, fjLifJi4v(a, fjdfivo), M. 

13 Something that falls out or happens 
(accidit) concurrently with something else. 

14 Whom may I see- fallen just in the 
same way, just in the same way as she ruined 




ilso ; but the game depends on the 
position and motion of the pieces, 
and not on chance.* — ^*Ev ittrrois koX 
Kvfiois ^i-rifiepeiietv, Plut. : To pass 
the'day at chess and dice 

Tleffcreia, irerreia : a chess-board ; 
a table marked with twelve lines re- 
presenting the course of the sun and 
moon through the signs of the Zo- 
diac. — Fr. wetrtros 

Uiaffitt: See Trewrw 

TletTti) : See before icetrffos 

JJeTcua, verddw, weTCLvvvfii : I ex- 
pand, spread out, stretch out wide. 
— Fr. Treraw Fac. thinks pateo may 
be derived. See Th-aXop 

UiraXov: a leaf. — Fr.Trcraw. From 
its property of expansion. Hence 
petal ^^ in botany 

TieTafiai, Treraofiat, nordofiai, wrA' 
ojiat, iTTafiai, Hrrrafjiai; itiTOfxai', I 
fly. — Fr. w^ra/it=7rera«. From the 
notion of birds expanding their 
wings when flying. From nriotiai or 
TTT^u is irreivos, winged ; iEol. Trey- 
vos, whence Lat. penna soft forpien- 

UirafTosi a broad-brimmed hat, 
such as are seen in the statues of 
Mercury peiasatus, Fac. — Fr. Treracw 
fut. of verdSb). * Domi non nisi peta- 
satus sub dio spatiabatur,* Suet. 

Ueravpoy, werevpov : a broad beam, 
tablet> plank, board, shelf. — Per- 
haps fr. werdut, L. From the notion 
of expansion or breadth 

IHravpov is also a machine from 
which men darted their bodies dur- 
ing the shows. ' An magis oblec- 
tant animum jactata petauro Cor- 
pora?' Juv. Supposed to be derivea 
fr« frirtj or Trirojuai and avpa ; from 
the petauristae seeming to fly in the 

* Ueravpoy : a net spread out ; 
a decoy. — Fr. Treraw. 'EttJ iriravpov 
"Abov avvavT^,^^ LXX. 

ITerdfci : See before TrcraXoi' 

Uero/jiat : See Irerafxai 

Hirpos, wirpa : a rock, stone. — H. 

petra and petrifaction 
ricTTOf : See ireaffos 
Uiria : See wiata before wetraSs 
Uevdb), nvdut, ffu), (Trv0ofiat=vvy6<h' 
fiat=) TTwddvofiai i^'' I learn by en* 
quiry, am informed, hear. — Hence 
Mor. derives the Pythian priestess, 

* from the God whose will she de- 
clared to those who consulted her/ 
' Putus is fr. irvtrros; wh. puium 
aurum is gold tried or essayed, 
and not adulterated. For the Greeks 
said yjpvoov wevdeadai or Trd/^cif,' '* 
Maussac. Hence * purura putum,' 
&c. "AWwv /Jivdov cLKovijy TJvydavO' 
fiat, Horn. 

irevKoXifios : prudent. — Perhaps 
for TTVKaXifiQs and allied to wvkvSs.^^ 
Et yap -kyui rahe yte M i^pe&i vevKa- 
\if4r}(nv,^° Hom. 

wevKrj : the flr or larch tree ; a 
torch made of it : Ti itcvktis iyboy 
aiderai aiXas;^ Eurip. 

TrevKri : a tablet made of fir. ' Be- 
fore paper was invented, tablets were 
made of this wood,' Dm. — See above 

wevKriels, TrevKebayos : bitter, ir«- 
Kpos. — Fr. irevKos, bitterness, wh. 
perhaps Trevci;, Bl. Hence k^e^vevKijs, 
having bitterness. From vcvkos is 
perhaps Lat. pungo i. e. pugo for 
puco, as * plaGa' fr. 9rXaKos 

7r^0v(i) : for ir€<piv(o for ^evoi 

'7r€<ppdbaT0 : for Tti^abyro = irc- 
^paffPTO (as 7ri(l>pabfiai for •netppatrfiai) 
plural of Trkc^paoTo plup. pass, of 
fpa^io. So kaKevabaro for kaK€vabvTO 
^^effKeijaavTo plural of kvKevaaro fr. 

Ilea; : See Tra/d) 

Tin '' by what way ? to what place I 
in what place? &c.— See 07ri|. Od 
/3b;, TTci oToi; Eurip. 

III?: in any way, by any means, 
in a manner. Uos has the same 
reference to ttos, as the indefinite 

* quis' to the interrogative: as. Si 
quis &c. * 

Tihyavoy : the herb rue. — Ova* 
vfxiy Tols ^apiaalois, on otTro-Seicarovrc 

15 'PeteZs signify those fine colored leaves 
that compose the flowers of all plants ; whence 
plants are distinguished into mono-petalous, 
whose flower is one continued leaf; tri-pe- 
ialoua* &c., Quincy. 

16 He lights on or comes up with the net 
^flfell, he is caught in the snares of Hell. 

17 So29c», ivdoD, avddyu; &c. 

18 Xpvffhv ir€{fdovTou &iJU)ifio\, TheocT. 

19 £1. derives it fr. vtiicri. May it be fr. 
ir4v€VKa p. of veiBto ? 

20 Had I known this in my prudent mind. 
1 Wliy does the splendor of the torch Inun 

within ? 




TV iiii-off/xoy Ka\ to Triyavov* &c., 

nHFH': a fountain. — Hence Pe- 
gasusJ Fr. the Doric iraya some 
derive pagus'^ 

n^yw, fw, vriyvvui, wiiyvv/jit : I 
make compact; I fix, make tight, 
nail ; I nail together boards in order 
to form a building, I construct : I 
make to congeal, to freeze or curdle. 
— Fr. vayuf is Lat. pago, pango 
(wh. compact), T. compares peg 

TTYiyeal-fjiaXkos : having a thick 
compact fleece. — Fr. Trijyw 

rirjyos: Avo fikv Kvvas ijfiKTv irijyovs, 
Callim. ^ Hesychius says that some 
translate it white, others black. I 
suppose it was black, mixed with 
white ; i. e. piebald,' Bl. 

vrjyos : "Ei/^a bvcj vvKvas, bvo S* 
HfiaTU KvfiaTi irrjy^ YlX^^ero,^ Horn. 
This word is here variously trans- 
lated, vast, black, powerful, serene, 

YlrihaXiov I a rudder. — Oh yap 
i^atyKf.ffffi Kvf^epvrjTrjpes eaoiv, Ohhe ri 
irrihdXC iari, rd t' aWac vfjes ^\ovtrt^^ 

Y\rihd(i) : I leap. — To TpmKov n^* 
hfifia Trrjb/jaas irobolv,'^ Eurip. 

mjbov: an oar. — "AWoi /lev hili 
VTfOs a/ioi/3adU dvipos avrjp 'E^o/ievos 
irrfholfftv ipeaaere,^ Horn. IlribdXiov 
Kal vribov, A rudder and an oar 

Tlridbt : See TraOiu) before irddos 

UrjKTrj: a trap. — Fr. iriir rjKra i pp, 
of ir-fiyta=7rdyw, wh. Tray Is, "EpKrf, ve- 
^iXas, biicrva, irriKrds, Aristoph. 

TTTiKTis : a musical instrument, a 
lyre, or flute, &c. — 'Earparevero hrro 
ovpiyyioy re Kal TrriKribiaVy^ Herod. 

YlrfKa^vsy vbosi a kind of tunny 
fish. — * Siccus petasunculus et vas 
Pelamydum^^ Juv, 

2 Woe to you Pharisees, for you tithe 
mint, and rue, &c* 

3 From his striking out with his foot the 
FOUNTAIN Hippocrene. 

4 From the notion of fountains being the 
original site of villages. 

5 Here he wandered on the wave two 
nights and two days. 

(> For there are no pilots to the Phapacians, 
nor have they rudders which other ships 

7 Leaping with the feet the Trojan leap. 

8 Let one maa after the other in succes> 
sion through the ship sit and row with the 

n^Xijf, 4 : a helmet. — Fr. hrtfKa 
a. 1. of TraXXctf : from the vibration 
of the plume. ITi^Xqica icai dmrlba Kal 
bvo bovpe, Horn. 

TT^XiKos : how great. — Fr. ifXUos* 
Comp. irov and ov ; &e, 

nriXos : clay, mud ; clay, mortar, 
&c. — *This saw Pelobates, and fron> 
the flood Lifts with both hands a 
monstrous mass of mud/ Pope. T^ 
dyaXfian tov Aios irpdoborov kXiipdv" 
Tos Kal y^vaov^ ra bk Xwjra ^lyXov re 
ktJTi Kal yui//ov,'° Pausan. 

n^yua, aros : sufiering, loss^ da- 
mage, destruction. — Fr. iriwfjfiai pp. 
of TrtjOw, I suffer, ^scbylus has iri/- 
/laO' & 'Trades, S. derives it fr. Tri- 
TTTi/iai pp. of Triuf, A pressure. S^e 

XliyveXo;//: a sort of water fowl, 
Fac. — Ovroffi Tripbi^ eKeivoffi y' Ar- 
royos* ovToaj. be irriviXo}}/, Aristot. 

Tlrjyri, Trfjvos : a web, thread. — 
Jlrjvr) UriveXoTrrjs, Penelope's web 

TTtiyriKrj : a wig, false hair. — -^Atto 
Tfis voaov cfvp^coro* vir-ippeoy yap al 
rpixes, yvy b^ Koi rrjy TrrfyTiKrjy eir-iOe" 
ro,^^ Lucian. 

lirjfjs : a relation, kinsman. — * For 
Traos fr. Trdu), wh. Trao/iot, I acquire. 
One whom we acquire by marriage. 
Thus the Greeks say ya^^pby xe^rct- 
oQai; Vk. 

n^po :'* a wallet, scrip. — * Perus 
imposuit Jupiter nobis duas/ Phse- 

T^ripos :'^ injured in any part of the 
faculties of the body, halt, blind, 
&c. — Ylripos 6 fiky yviois, 6 b* ap OfMr 
fia<7i,'+ Epigr. 

TrV}xvs\ the arm from the elbow to 
the end of the middle flnger, a cu>- 
bit. — *'Ey\os ey^ €y'b€Kd''Trrf')(v,^* 

9 He marched to the sound of pipes and 

10 The face of the statue of Jove is of 
ivory and gold, the other parts are of claj and 

11 In consequence of her illness she 
shaved her head, for her hair was falling off: 
and now she has put on a wig. 

12 * For Tra4pa fr. irdu. That in which 
shepherds placed their food/ Vk. TH. 

13 From vdu or v4a, I press, S. 

14 The one injured in the limhs, the other 
in the eyes. 

15 He held a spear of eleven cubits. 




mdiifp miSta I I press, squeeze ; 
compress ; oppress. — Fr.Tr/w, I press. 
See waiio, *Ev heajxois Kparepdiai Trce- 
adeis,^^ Horn. 

nitay, ovos : fat, unctuous, rich. 
— * Fr. tt/w, I press close. L e. 
thick,' L. Hiova fifjXa, irloyes dypo/, 
and irloves alyes, Horn. 

niap : fat, fatness. — See above 

Ulba^, aKos: a spring, fountain. 
— Perhaps fr. inbaw=wrjbaij. From 
its repeated springings. Terminations 
in ( imply frequency or magnitude 

TliiSuf : See iridSio 

Hieipos : rich, fat. — Allied to 

Uidavos: ' calculated to persuade, 
persuasive, probable, specious ; obe- 
dient, obsequious,' J.' — Fr. einQov a% 
2. of 'n-eldiif 

7ri6i?5,'^ nldwv : an ape. — Hence 
cercO'pithecus, See nipKos. * Pithe- 
cium haec est pro ilia/ Plaut. 

iridos : a cask, tub. — Perhaps fr. 
imOov a. 2. of ttc/Sw, I bind. Comp. 
ayyos, *Afi<ftopeas kK-yketv els rovi rwv 
AavaiSoiv wiOovs,^^ Alciphr. TdXaKTOs 
et«7t KpaTfjpes irXef : "ftor' cK-wiely a, 
§1/ diXys, o\ov Trldoy,'^ Eurip. 

iriKpos I bitter ; of a bitter tem- 
per, &C. — 01 iarpot TTiKp^ viKpav kXv- 
iovai (jiapfioLK^ xoXiiv,^^ Plut. Scheide 
compares the ¥ r eucli piquer,\s[i. pi- 

IViXos : ' fr. w/w, 1 press. Hence 
whatever is formed of wool pressed 
and brought close together is so 
called. So niKelv is, to condense or 
brings things close together. IllXoc 
in Thucvd. are stuffs of wool ap- 
phed to the breast and put under the 
' breast-plate ; and applied to the 
head to prevent the pressure of the 
helmet. So ttiXoi were said of the 
stuff in which the legs and feet were 
enclosed. The covering for the 
head being made of similar materials, 
hats were called nlXoi and/?i7ef,'TH. 
Hence Fac. derives pila, a mortar 

for pressing and. bruising. And 
hence is probably pila, a column or 
pile ; properly, of stones heaped to- 
gether, thus differing from ' colum- 
na.' N. compares pillow 

n/\eos : the.Lat. pileus, formed 
fr. ttIXos 

UiXebt: I press together, consoli- 
date, pile. — See ttIXos 

HiXydbf, TTiXyrifii: I make to ap- 
proach. — For TreXaoi (fr. x^Xas) as 
OKihyriyLL fr. aiceSaai, Kipytipn fr. icepdw 

ITtXos : See before viXeos 

nifieXri : fatness. — ^Perhaps fr. wc- 
'jTifjLai pp. of ir/w, wh. wiwv, fat. 
Some derive hence opimus 

TrlfJtnXrifii I See irXdut 

wi/jiTrprifn : See Trpeoi 

IltVaf, aicos, 6 1 a board, plank, 
charger, tablet. — * Fr. an old word 
iir'ivos, Lat. pinus. As made of pine 
wood,' TH. Vk. 

Uiyyri, iclyri : a kind of shell-fish. 
* The scuttle fish is its foe : as soon 
as the pinna opens its shell, he 
rushes on her, and would always de- 
vour her but for ap animal of the 
crab kind whom she protects within 
her shell and from whom in return 
she receives very important services. 
When the pinna opens her valves in 
quest of food, she lets him out to 
look for prey. During this the scutr 
tie fish approaches ; the crab returns^ 
with the utmost speed to his hostess, 
who shuts her doors and keeps out 
the enem}?.' Oppian thus describes 
it : The pinna and, the crab together 
dwell For mutual succour in one 
common shell: They both to gain a 
livelihood combine;. That takes the 
prey when this has given the sign : 
From hence this crab, above liis fel- 
lows fam'd. By ancient Greeks wa$ 
pinnO'teres^ nam'd,' EB. 

Hiyos'J filth, dirt; sometimes ap- 
plied, in a good sense, to the dust of 
antiquity. — tlly^ iteiraXayixkyoy ^c* 
dos,^ Epigr. 

16 Pressed with strong bunds. 

17 Possibly fr. irteco, I press. From its 
pressed or flattened nose. See ic^iQot, 

18 To pour ooi jars into the casks of the 

19 Are the cops full of milk ? So full that 
you may drink, if you please, a whole tub of 


20 Physicians wash bitter bile with bitter 

1 * Dr. Hasselquist beheld this curious phe- 
nomenon 'y which, though well known to the 
ancients, had escaped the moderns.* £B. 

2 From Tfip€(a, I guard. 

3 From via, I press, S. 

4 A vest sprinkled or defiled with filth. 




HtyiiatfiiH I make wise, inform. — 
Fr. TTivvw, wh, fTvvft), See irkirvvfiai 

YlivvTos : wise, prudent. — Fr. ttc- 
irlyvrat pp. of ttcvvoi. See above 

JlirWf irtw,^ ttouH I drink. — H. 
pro-pino. Fr. Tr^Trwrat pp. of irow, are 
potOy avi ; potus^ &c. From p. tt^- 
vitfKa S. derives (pocus, wh.) poculum 

HiwlirKta: I . give to drink. — For 
irioKit) fr. tt/w, (&s fidffKU) fr. /3ow) wh. 
the future is ireVcii 

HcTrir/^w : pipiOy I ptp, peep, cry 
as a chicken 

TIcTrpdaricb) : I sell. — For TrpatrKto fr. 
irpait) for Trepaa; 

IliTrrw : See ttc^w before ^€(1(165 

Uiiru) : some sea bird. — See wnr- 

Jliffov : Lat. pisum. Sax, pisa, 
Engl, pease 

TTtaos, cos : a meadow. — Perhaps 
fr. witrio fut. of iriw. An irriguous 
place. ' Sat prata biberunt/ 
Virg. KaJ TTiyyas noTafAutv Kai irlaea 
Ttoi^evra,^ Horn. 

Uiarpa : a trough for watering 
cattle. — Fr. Tr^Triorai pp. of viWy wh. 

n/«T(Ta, TTiTTa'J pitch. — Hence 
piss-asphalt y i. e. pitch mixed with 
asphaltus. Hence S. derives Lat. 
spissa. From TreirlTTevfiai pp. of vit^ 
r €1/(11 is Trlrrevfia, wh. pitumen, bitu- 

HitrraKiop I a pistachio or pistack 

ITi<77£$, ccDs : belief, trust, confi- 
dence, faith. TieviffrevfLai, I have 
any thing entrusted to me. — Fr. wim- 
trraipp, of 7r/^w=7re/0(i» 

Tlitrros : having belief or faith ; 
worthy of belief, faithful. See above. 
Also, that which may be drunk, li- 
quid. Fr. tr^TTtorai pp. of Tribj^nlrta 

Tliffvpos : having cmifidence in, 
relying, confident. •— Fr. Ti^Triorai pp. 
of 7ri0(o='n-eid(a, Uiavp^ Au, Horn. 

5 ' I drink with my lips pressed close,' 
"L, See ircdta, 

6 And fountains of water and grassy mea- 

7 Some derive it fr. irlrvs. S. supposes that 
viccra came fr. ir^urcrat pp. of ir(c», I press, 
compress, as pix, picis, from p. TriviKa, . 

8 It was also used of theoar itself ; whence 
J. derives it fr. wlrvsy as made of pine. 

9 Wretched they all pant with one con- 

*AKk§, 'jtiffvyos, Horn., Confident of 
his might 

iriffvpes : .a dialectic form of r^o-a- 
pes or riacrapes 

Yltrvaut : for Trerato, as Kippdto fr. 
Kipaut, irtXvau) fr. ireXaut 

riirvbt : for irirto, as irirvcua for 

Tr/rvXos : any continued beating or 
motion; primarily, it is supposed, of 
the noise made by the oars in row- 
ing,^ ' aut,' says Foesius, ' cum uno 
consensu et remorum impulsu soni- 
tuni in aqua cient nautae.' IlaiTes kvl 
iriTvXt^ e^ ^, ^, rXa/Jioves afjiraipovm^^ 
M.scU/ Apaaa 6.paaa€ yetpl Kpara, Trt- 
Tvkovs Hihovffa x€ipos,^° Eurip. Il/ri/- 
Xos is also applied to the palpitations 
of fear and ravings of madness. — * By 
transposition for rviriXos fr. ervvov 
&c.,' EM. A BEATING 

irhupov : bran ; dirt of the head ; 
sediment of urine. Kvijdofiiviay rrjv 
»:e0aX^i/ airo-TrliTTei &(nrep rivh XcTrro 
Ttrvpa, a(f ^v brj Kal roi/pojjia €i\)j0ev 
>/ TTtrup/aerts," Hippocr, In Theocri- 
tus Nvv Ov<tQ to, virvpa, Biel thinks 
that 7/ri;pa is, cakes 

HItvs, vos, §: PINUS, the pine 

7rt(l>avfTK(o : I show, reveal. — For 
(l>av(TKut=<j>a(TKuf fr. ipduty as wivitTKia 
fr. ttIu 

nita : I press. See ira[w aind m- 

n/w: I drink. See tt/vw. From 
vluf^zf^lto is probably biBO 

Hiwv : fat. See before Triap 

irXayywr: a wax doll. — Fr. cTrXa- 
yov a. 2. of frXatrtrto, I form, ^ils b^ 
)(t(i)v, ufs &€Xl^ h'l TrXayyoiv, Kai tov- 
rwv €Ti jjitidop €TaK€TOf*^ Theocr. * In 
his inventae sunt quinque jv/ang'un- 
cti/<8 matronariim,' Cic. 

TrXayios : hot direct, oblique ; go- 
ing aside from the way, perverse. — 
Fr. iwXayov a. 2. of TrXd^^i. Wan- 

tinued noise. 

' 10 Beat, beat your head with your hand, 

producing loud noises of the hand. 

1 1 When their head is scraped, there fall 
out some thin brans, from which the disease 
called the trtrvpicuris has received its name. 

12 As snow, as a wax doll in the sun, and 
even yet more than these he melted with 


Bering from the direct course. Ta- 

Jpous opviTffovTas, TCis fier vXay lovs, ras 
^ opdCas^'^ Thcopbr. 

TrXa^aoi : said of things abounding 
with moisture. — Olov be TcKabouKrav 
kirt'<ryiS,ovT€S apovpav 'Epyar/vai fJio- 
yiovai /3o€s,'* A p. Rli. 

n\a5w, yjoi (Jr. irXayyio) : I make 
to wander; to wander from the 
mark, to miss. — IloWov a7r-C7rXay- 
\Otis oTJs varpibos,*^ Horn. 

irXa^bj : Toererd*:* jutv fiiya KVfia bi'i- 
-TTcr^os irorafiaio ITXdc' &}iovs Kad- 
^vnepdeVf Horn. Damm translates it 
^ a recto stiitu declinare faciebat eura 
humeros, faciebat ut non rect^ ire 
posset corpore firmo* 

HXaaatJ, fut. vXatrut, fr. TrXaw : I 
mould, fashion, form, model ; de- 
vise, contrive, feign, hke Lat. * fin- 
go ;* overlay as with plaster. — Fr. pp. 
' v^vXaarai are the plastic^^ art and 

UXaSut : the same as wXatrtraf, 
formed fr. enXadriy a. 1 . p. of TrXdoi 

irXaQavosi a dish in which cakes, 
&c., are moulded and fashioned. — 
Fr. TrXd^w, I mould. EtSara 6' oaaa 
yvvaiKes ctt* TrXaflayo) iropiourat, "Av- 
Bea filffyoKjai XevK^ TravToV &fx aXev- 
py,'^ Theocr. See above 

nXddoi : for 7reXd0<i;=7r€Xaw, and 
formed ft. ineXadrjv a. 1 . p. of TreXdoi 

TrXalffiov : a brick ; a figure in its 
form ; any thing oblong. To rjfucrv 
Tov (TTpaTevfiaTos ev irXaitriip ewl oktu) 
Ijv TETayfieyov,^^ Thucyd. — For TrXd- 
aiov fr. TrXdo'a) fut. of frXatraij or 
ff-Xdoi, I form, mould 

TlXaKcpos : woven, plaited. — Fr. 
IhrXaKoy a. 2. of TrXcKut, foi, wb. 
plecto, XI 

nxd£, aicos, ^ : a plane or wide 
surface ; of the sea and of land ; of 

232 IIAA 

a tablet ; the cake or crust of aoj 
thing. — H. placart or placard*^ 

IlXaKous, ovyros i a cake of a plane 
or wide surface. — See above. * Pane 
egeo jam mellitis potiore placentis,* 
Hor. • 

UXavdw : I make to wander ; lead 
astray ; lead wrong, deceive. — Fr. 
pp. TtevXavTiTat is 7rXa»'>)riyi, a planet 
or wandering star 

HXaros : a wandering ; error. Also, 
a vagabond, deceiver, impostor. — Fr. 
irXavaitf. * Nec, semel irrisus triviis at- 
toUere curat Fracto crure planum,* 

nxdj : See before irXaKovs 

YlXaaaut : See after itXa^uf 

UXaartyi: a scale. — Athenaus 
says that Homer els Trjv avrrlv wXd- 
anyya ridrjcri rrfy fxidrjv r^ fiovif, 
puts drunkenness in the same scale or 
makes it equivalent with madness 

TrXdernyJ : a whip. — XaXic-iyXary 
TtXaanyyi XvfiaiBev bi/uas,'^ ^sch. 

irXaoTiy^ : Xpvrrrj bk TrXdffnyf av- 
\€va S,vyri'<p6p(ov WwXiav iKXye, Rhe- 
sus. Here perhaps it may be a thong, 
which may be its meaning also in the 
passage above 

irXarayrj : a rattle, clapper. — ^AXX' 
6ye ')(aXK€irjv TtXarayYjv €y\ X^P^* '"*" 
vaaauy Aovwei enl tTKtyjnfjs nepi-fiii' 
K€Os,^ Ap. Rh. 

TrXarayuvioy : the leaf of the 
poppy or anemone. — * Fr. TrXarayita, 
I make a sound like that of the irXa- 
rayjj. For lovers placed it between 
the thumb and fore finger of the left 
hand, and struck it with their right 
to produce a sound as a trial of love,' 
St. *H fjLCLKiay* hiraXav, ic\aTay&vi 
€')(piaav epvBpa,^ Theocr. 

nXarvs: broad, wide, spacious, 
ample. — Allied is plate; as Dryden: 
* And write whatever time shall 

13 Digging ditches, some oblique, others 

14 As working oxen labor when cleaving 
the wet soil. 

16 You have been made to wander much 
from your country. 

16 Having the power to give form. 

17 Substance made of water and- some ab- 
sorbexit matter as chalk or lime well pulveris- 
ed, with which walls are overlaid or figures 

18 Messes such as women labor at mak- 

ing in the dish, mixing flowers of all kinds 
with wliite flour. 

19 Half of the army was drawn np in tiie 
form of a brick eight deep. 

20 A public notification made on a flat 
piece of wood, &c. and nailed against a 

1 The body hurt by a whip wrougfat of 

2 But he made a noise on a high cliff by 
shaking in his hands a brazen rattle. 

3 Or a soft poppy, having red leaves. 

nAA 3 

bring to pui With pens of adamant 
onplategofbrass.' Aad bo the com- 
mon plate and platter. So also (ft. 
few. Tr\aTua) Lat. platea, a wide 

irXara^uuv, ui'os I a word of dubi- 
ous meaning used b^ Pol^bius. See 
the passage iu the note.* Ern. under- 
stands it, plauilies, a plain surface, 
* RectiuB intelliges vKarufiSivas lata 
planaqiie saxa terram obsldeutia, aut 
loca saxis obsita,' Schw. See above 

nxdraios : platanus, the plane 
tree. — Fr. irXarvi. From its broad 

nXarela : See nXarii before irXa- 


1 broad tablet. — Fr. 

TI\ort; : the broad part of the oar. 
— Fr, TrXariis 

Tl\aTi$ 1 a wife J concubine. — For 
Tri\aTis fr. weweXarai pp. of TcXau. 
Uapa TO sreXaieif rjJ uvipi Kara rqf 
Kofrijv, Schol. Aristoph. So Eurip, : 
TixTia yivov tDlaflciir' "Ax'XXius iraiil 

TlkaTuaiui : I speak broadly, — Fr. 

TlXaTvyiSa '. I beat the water with 
the oar. — -Fr. irXonii=:wXc5ri( 

nXav-us: See before n-Xara/jwi' 

flXnto, irXiJiii, 7riir\t}fit, m'^TXijfii ; 
Wki-a, vittMu, : I fill, — Hence Lat, 
pleo, wh. impko, compleo, rtpleo 

IlXiiu : I come near.~For n-eXaw 

wXiflpoc, ir^Xeflpov : a land measure, 
variously computed. — 'E.Ki\euaev dE- 
TOt fiijiiya ir\e6ptof vtrranoalai' irXei- 
ava jfbipav KetTijtTBai,^ Plut. Hence 
ix-jrXtBpos, iexa-irXtdpos, &C. 

riAEOS, n-Xeloi: full, plenus,— 
Fr. irXiw, wh. Lat. impleo 

nx™.', tXcW: more. Ol wXeio- 
vei, as 'plures' in Plaulus, is used of 
the dead, as being more in number 
than the liviug. — ' Comparative of 
itXios,' M. I. e, more full, more 

13 ITAE 

abundant. Unless irXeiuv is for iro- 
XeiW fr. iroXvs. From the rieuter 
n-X^ov h pleonasm, pleonastic 

TlXcinros-. most full; most abun- 
dant, most.' — Superl. of irXiot. See 
irXtiiiif above 

HXeioTiiplSofiai : I esteem very 
highly, think very highly of, ma- 
XIMI testimo. — Fr. jrXc'iaTos 

nXrJ^y : the year. — Possibly fr. 
ttX^ds, full. ' Si lener pleno cadit 
hxdus ANNO,' Hor. 

nx^Ku, Ju : I plait, weave, fold. — 
Allied are plico, pleclo, vih. plexus, 
amplector, perplex, &c. 

nx^Kos, eo( : a basket. — Fr. tXcku 

nXeirow: necto me cum muliere. 

TlXcKTavT} : a wreath; net; in- 
tricacy, Sec. — Fr. jreTXeCT-ai pp. of 

vXiov : r( irX^ov i, e. rjirpet ; what 
does it bring more to us ? what does 
it add to usl what good U it? — Ti 
wXiop TtXovTeiy eirrlv toutuiv iravrwy 
h'Ttopouaivfi Aristoph, See itXiav 
before jrXeiffros 

nxcoi'd.fw: 1 increase more and 
more, or have more than I want, I 
abound ; make to abound. I am 
greater, or think myself greater than 
others, am proud. — Fr. itX^dj' 

nXeo>'-£CT-^u : I have more than 
others, have a larger share, &c. ; 1 
desire to have more, am covetous; 
I injure another from desire to have 
I defraud, deceive.— Fr, itrai 



J\Xiot : See after ttX^V 
•itXevfiaviKXvpos in Plut. is trans- 
lated a moist liver. But the passage 
seems corrupt. Reiske proposes ^k- 
-kXvtoi or li:-i;Xtr(rroi : bene perlutus 
et elutus: The liver well bathed 
(with wine). See the passage in the 

nXEv/iuf, i: thelungs.-^Forffceu- 

Ferri Bmneoi, ac moi, spatio confecta con ita 
magna, nmum emergeie et in cDiupectujn 

5 He DTdered th&t mine sbould poueaa 
more land than 500 pletlira. 

6 Whai good is it lo us to be rich, if we 

,_jfl cadil, vaetia pliuiltiei ainnt ha- ate in want of all these necesaaty thinge) 

bere, quaj impetus at^ue sis praiCipitantis 7 'S.f>iro\ty xipa tntirrv nlftu' vip I 

Bqns CRvat ; deinde, uhi dirupta terra pro- 'YlptrrtefApia tKtKtufv, Tva irpi rmi Kwit tiy 

_ 2 G 

Tov 7ip iroKtini 

VM T< 

iitou iityiiM>\ 


TM rharaiMna. li 

I oKi J 

KOTO^dTT*, ( 

ari Bdei". ti 


fV i^a^a/t 




riAE 2; 

fiuk fr. iritri'tu/iaipp. of irfEi'u=iri'ew. 

The organ of brealhing. Hence 

plumo, wli, pulmo, pulmonary 

n.\e«pa : the side.— H. phurisJ/ 

IWiu, : I fill.— H. impho. At. 

ETXeu, jrXtUii, tiirlui ; jtXdw, lurru : 

1 sail, — Hence perhaps the Pleiades' 

HXii^f : See before iXeltn-oj 

nWwi : the Attic form of TrXiot 

UXJirrata, Jw : I slrike.^Fr. a. 2. 

SwXtiyov is plaga, a stroke or siripe ; 

and pfago wh, plango ; antl the 

plague. Fr. pp. jr^jrXijiirat are pfe- 

Ctor and plectrum. Fr. TreirXjifai is 

opo-plexy, a violent stroke of the 

nXijy^ : a stripe. — See above 

XlXlfia,: I till; fill full, crowd.— 
Fr. jtXeu, as vljOui fr. t^oi 

nXi76os, eoi: a crowd, mullilude; 
mob. Fubjess, largeness, magnitude. 
— Fr. 5r\ii9u. Hence Lat. plebta, as 
ouBap, ' uBer ;' epyflpos, 'ruBrus' 

nXijdof<TU dyupd : ihe time when 
the forum or place of general meet- 
ing is full; from nine till noon, 
'Some badly understand it of mid- 
day, whicli is distinguished from it 
by Xenoplioi),' Fischer 

nXijUui-u: I make full or plentiful; 
I make more full and plentiful, en- 
large, amplify, encrease. Also, I 
abound. — Fr. ttX^Aos 

HXttxrlSoixai : I contend willi ano- 
ther almost to blows. — Fr. ire^rXijKrni 
pp. of 7r\t|(nrii> 

IlX^crpov : an instrument to strike 
with; a whip; a spur; thunder or 
lightning. An instrument willi wliich 
the strings of a lyre are struck, or 
B lyre whose strings we strike, ple- 
ctrum. — Fr. x^irXijiTToi &c. 

^Xi'ifi,,: theflowofihetiile.- 'Fr. 
■xiirXrj/iai fip. of «Xew. I. e. the sea 
when full,' Dm. 'Ew-cXBovuni /ler" 
oXiyov r^c tX^^ije Kai KovijiicrOtiaCif 
tUv yeHy,' Polyb. 

i nAH 

irXtiififXiai : I err, offend, traoa- 
gress, — 'A metaphor taken from mu- 
sicians who depart from the mea- 
sure and numbers prescribed in sing- 
ing,' Sturz. 'That irXijfi/icXi/i comes 
fr. fiiXos, as ^e-^ieX^s, ffi-fiEXfjs,&c,, 
and agrees wiib Lat, ' ali-sonus,' I 
have no doubt. Butl know not how 
to account for the first syllable, un- 
less vXi'iv has in thiscompoundanew 
sense,' St. Koi rov t^v diVqv vapa- 
-aj^irui. Ti irXriftficXIiiias ■,'° F.Urip. 

TrXriiifieXi'is : offensive, improper, 
Ac. — Eurip. has ip^v ti ■n-Xr)fifiAit 
and iraa^^bi Ti TrXjifi/ifXh. See above 

wXtifi/iipa, irXji/Jiivpis Z the flow of 

the liile; an inundation. Applied 
also to breaals overflowing with milk. 
— ' Fr. ireTrX^fiiiai pp. of irXiiBie,' 
Vk." See irXijfijj 

TrXifiTtl : that part of a wheel in 
which the axle is turned round, the 
nave. — Possibly for woXijfiirr} fr. ire- 
iraXtjfiat pp. of woXiu, 1 turn round. 
Ta If iiri-KpoTioyTa wirofTO ""Ap^am 
KoXXiiri/r', ivi h& n-XS/it'oi fiiy' fiSriut'," 

nx^i'i besides, escept, but. So^r 

coipus el, irXilv 8 iel a clvat aofjiiir, 

Eurip. : You are wise in every ibiag 
except in what you ongbt to be wise, 
nx^i' is perhaps allied to wXtiy and 
fl-Xfor,'' more. Thus : 0&« S.rrii' iX- 
Xos irXiiy ryii, Aristoph., There is M 
other more than I, besides or except 
me. £'i iiTi &ibi. Kal oiiK eoTiv U- 
Xos TrXqv ovroS, NT., There is one 
God, and there is no other more 
than he. So itXiiv i), more than, is 
Boinetimes used. Again : * Tell me 
whatever you wish (ttX^v iftit, more 
or rallier tlian,) e;(cept one thing.' 
Sq vXiif is used also for, yet fur- 
ther; i.e. more than this, further- 

nx^ipos, (wh. irXijpou) irXiipTts: full. 
— For TrXEcpoi fr. nXiai. Hence, uys 

I constellatian nhicli tbe Rncienta re 
as verj formidable lo atiLona linn 
u »nd tempefllB il drew after it,' Mor. 
" ■ 'ji riter a litlJe 

12 And the well.JDUiedcIiiLriotB flew nt- 
tling, soil Ihe imiBi sounded greatly. 

13 S. suppouea it put for 'siijiy, L e. usti 
iii\iiy\ ' eKciuaione, lepamliiwe, caceylione.' 




Vk., is not only plenui bat plena , 
preserved in phrique 

7r\ifpO'il>opiw : * properly, I bear or 
carry fully ; from the notion of sails 
filled with prosperous winds, or from 
herbs and fruits bearing plentifully. 
Hence, transferred to the mind, ttXij- 
fM>-^opeo/iai is, I have a full and cer- 
tain persuasion ; and, I have a full 
and certain confidence placed in me,' 
Sclil. nXi/po^opqdecs ort, o CTr-^yyeX- 
rai, bwaros ion Kal 7roifi<rai,^^ NT, 
riepc TMV v€7c\ripo(j>opTifjiiviap kv ijfjuv 
irpayfjL&Ttov,^^ Id. tlKripo^opeui is also, 
I' carry on to the full point, perform 

Ti\9iffios : one who is near. UXi}- 
criov, nigh. Hence ol TrXritrloy, those 
who are near, relations ; neighbours; 
and generally, others. — Fr. we7rX»y- 
aai pp. of 7rXaaf=7reXaai. Corop. 
wiXas. UXrfffiov aXX^Xwv, Horn., 
Near one another 

IlXfjfffjLovil : repletion ; satiety. — 
Fr. vivXrifffiaL pp. of 7rXi}di»f 

IlXriaffu: See after irXctas 

UXIpOos, fi : a brick, tile, &c. — 
* These edifices between every ninth 
or tenth row of plinths have a layer 
of straw, and sometimes the smaller 
branches of palms,' Bryant 

TXlffffOfiai, fy)fjLai : Homer says of 
mules : Ac b* ev fxkv rpcuxbiv, e^ hk 
vXltr&ovTo irobeaffiv, CI. translates 
it, £t pulchr^ alternabant pedes. 
Dm. : Pulchr^ pedes suos juxta se 
invicem promovebant. £. explains 
irXlatrofiai by ^era-^^pai (tk^Xos rrapa 
tTKiXos^ firifiaTi^w, ^Air-ewXl^aro in 
Aristoph. is translated by £lmsley : 
he stepped off. This verb is perhaps 
derived fr. 7r^7rXc<7(Ta« pp. of wXlut, 
wh. Lat. plico, allied to vXito, wh. 
TXiKia ; (See &7rXoos.) and seems to 
mean to amble or prance : Virg., 'In- 
sultare solo et gressus glomerare 
superbos.' That is, celeri passu et 

coNvoLUTo graduiucedere^ at Fac. 
explains it 

YlXoioy: a ship. — For nkdot^ for 
viirXoa pni. of ^rX^cn, I sail 

nXoKTi: a weaving or plaiting; 
plaited work ; perplexity, &c. — Fr. 
7r^7rXo«fo pm. of wXiKta 

JlXdKQfxov : a rope. See the note.** 
— Fr. vinXoKa, &c. As being twist- 

nAOrTOI:'^ wealth. — Hence 
Plutus, the God of wealth 

UXoTuffios : wealthy. — ^For tXovtios 
fr. wXovTos 

JJXovTbJv : Pluto 

IIX6t»f, ttXww : I sail, vXiia 

9rXvvci> : 1 wash clothes. — ^Tva €?- 
fiar &y(i)fjLai *Es Torafiov TrXwiovaa,*^ 

vXvvia : I insult. Mvplats ai rivts 
^TrXwav Xoibopiais, Chrysost. : Cer- 
tain persons insulted you with a thou- 
sand railings. Properly, sprinkled 
you with them. ' Lavo' also is used 
of sprinkling : ' Lavil improba teter 
Ora cruor,' Virg. See above 

tXv(tis : a washing. — Fr. Tr^irXvo'ac 
pp. of irXvbi=:7rXvi^ai. Comp. Tr/ia 
and itivia 

YiXia'iabei : sailing or floating clouds. 
— Fr. irXww=7rX4w 

Ylvita, TTvevoi, fut. TrvevrriMfi I breathe, 
blow. — See 9rXeu/iwf . Hence pneu- 
matics fr. pp. irerrveviiai 

Uvevfjia, aros : breath, spirit, wind ; 
the soul or mind ; a spirit or appari- 
tion. — See above 

nyevfjLtav: the lungs. — See TrXei/- 

JJyiyta, {w :'^ I choke, suffocate ; 
press hard. — "ttpfirjffev if ayeXjy els 
rijv OaXatraav, ical kirviyovTO ev rn 
eaX4^ffi,,*° NT. ' 

Tlvlyos, 60S : heat producing suf- 
focation. — Fr. Tvlyut 

Uyoii : breath, &c. — Fr. wiiryoa 
pm. of Tryita 

14 Being certain that, what he has pro- 
mised, he is able also to perform. 

15 Concerning the things in which full 
confidence is placed by us. ' 

16 TLoHoffTpdfias . . trexKeyfiivovs . • robs 
^Kovs iyKarafr€ir\€yix4vovs iv T«p irKoKd^tp, 
Xen. ' But perhaps it is the voioirrpdfiri it- 
Bclf, as being woven,' Sturz. 

17 ' ForirA^oros ft, ir\€6ctr='K\4<o. I. e. an 
abundance or fulness of things acquired,' L. 
' For 7ro\6'rros, fr. wokbs and hos* Those 

rustics, to whom the year had been fruitful, 
were called xKo^ioi and irXo^o-tot/ Vk. And 
J. derives it fr. irA^, I sail : ' Wealth obtain- 
ed by sailing.' 

18 That I may carry the clothes to (he 
river to wash them. 

19 * Fr. TTvo^iv dya, I break the breath,' 

20 The herd rushed into the sea, asd wen 
fluffecated in the sea. 

HNY 23 

Tlvi^, vKoti' A place near the cita- 
del of Athens, where Ihe asscmbliea 
were usually held, — O! 'ABijyaioi Is- 
-KXiialav ^vf-ikeyov is T^v Uvuiia ea- 
Xovftiviiv, Thucyrl. 

ri»t'D;iiii : See jrhryvfiai 

ITiiii: herb, grass. — Tr. Tr6u>=fi6a. 
Il6bi it also allied to irau, wli. pasco 

iro-iaic6s : of what soil or coun- 
tty ?— Fr. n-dt and Sriirot 

woheiif, wvoi : ' underitood to mean 
the figure of any thing ending in a 
narrow poiot, and hi the lilieness of 
the foot. Til! yap ^uplbos \uipr)s tto- 
heitv arfivoi 7-ai/Ti] Kara-Tt-lvti, Herod. 
Valla retains the Greek word. Others 
Iraaslale it, tract, or approach, or 
prominence. Theocr. applies) td^u- 
vas to the feet of a lion's hide : 'A- 
tpiov hipfia Xioyjot i^-itfiiivov ix n'O- 
Seidfwv,' Pt. 

Koh-riycKtis ', See ^ftc^c 

Tloinip^s : pertaining or reaching to 
the feet. — Fr. nouj, noSos* 

■Kodev : whence, &e. See Gdev 

llaOos, voB^ : a feeling for ihe 
absence or loss of any one. — L, 
compares jrafloi. Oi ^ey' i/itio jto- 
6i)y a-n-'ioVTOi ^x"'"'"''' Horn. Hii- 
Boi eox^ '■"'" 'ABijyaious tov Klfiu- 
vot,* Plut. Scaliger supposed that 
peto {foi petho) came fr. an old verb 
riBoi, piu, viTcada, nh. tioBos and 
ffoS^oi, I desire 

Tofli : in what place ? — For iry fr. 
xoi. Ol was a dative terminatioD. 
See St 

ITdi: whither? For ■iviii=iif fr. 
jrds ; as Lat, ' quo' fr. ' quia.' Hoi irot 
Bu^fvyeti; Aristopb. 

IToia : the same as irda 

nOIEft: I do or make. It is 
used in most of the senses of these 
verbs and of the Lat. ' facio.' ll is 
used of spending any time in any 
place : ' I spent (eiro/qsa) three 
months there.' So Seneca :< Quam- 


I foi 

«8 pa I 

dies.' — Fr. pp. jreToiTjrai is 5roi>jr»)i, 
a poet .' ' A poet is a maker, as the 
word signifies ; and he who cannot 
make, that is, invent, has his name 
for nothing,' Dryden. Fr. pp. iceiroir)- 

1 Perhap 




a Bl. der 


xdS&f and 

£«>>. Fro 


bete a 

i.i Sixh/m' 

liumgb the 



itielf Bc 

ma (0 bBvB 

i noi 

^m and ^evoiriaai are ^olri/ia, wolri- 
au, poem, poesy .' ' A poem is the 
work of the poet ; poeiy is bis 
skill or craft of making; the very 
fiction itself, Ihe reason or form of 
the work,' Jonson. Spenser has: 'Her 
peerless skill in MAKING well ' 

IloidXot :' of various colors or de- 
vices; various; crafty : ' Animus sub- 
dolus, vARius,' Sail. — Hence the 
Pcecik, (i. e. roiKlkti) a celebrated 
porticoat Athens, adorned with paint- 
ings. 'Iftariov WDieikoy iraaiv 6vOefft 
ireiroiKiXfiiyov, Plato 

Tloi/ii)v, iros : a shepherd; ruler; 
prince. — Fr. wiTroi/tat pp. of miu 
=5rDU, I feed. See Tr6a and iroiA 

nof/ifi) : a flock, — For ■rotftit^' 
See above 

Iloivq : peena, piinisbment, con- 
pensation, atonement 

Woloi : of what kind 1 Answeriiig 
to otoc 

ironryvbt: I wait or serve, — *As 
usual, the grammarians derive it fr. 
■Koieiv ^nA ir&ros. Others better de- 
rive it fr. irviui^^wviiit. t breathe, 
breathe hard, run about brealbing 
hard, &c.,' TH. 

TXoi^vaao), 1/1 : I blow hard. — ' Fr. 
the sound iroif>, puff. E. lets cor- 
rectly derives it fr. fvsaw,' Bl. 

■nuKa: whent Answering to An. 
ITujca is, at any time. Comp, rj 
and irt) 

ndicoi : a fleece. — Fr. irkiroKti pm. 
of TtiKui, wh. pecug 

TluXefiot, n-ruXe/ioi: a fight, battle, 
war. — Allied to ffoXa^jj, (aa ' pugna' 
to ' pugnus,') and to ircXe/ii'fu. * Eacb 
staunch polemic, stubborn as n rock. 
Came whip and spur,' Pope 

\lo\iiiioi : one who wages war 
against another, an enemy. — Fr. «-d- 

IIoX^u : I turn, verso ; I am con- 
versant with a place, versor ; I dwell 
in, inhabit a place. — H. waXot, wb. 
tiie poles, the points on which the 
world turns 

IIoXeiiu : 1 inhabit. — See above 
rinXfoi: hoary, white. — L. com- 
pares Lat. polio. fluXtDf reKiipq w- 

be EH originally focmed fr. Upar. 

3 Who feel much regret il my absence. 

4 Regrst for Cirann seizBiJ the Alhaw^" 
a VbI. derives it fr.T^B and Ikc\M. , 


Xiov ft yivetoy,^ Horn. 

nOAISy^ cot, cwff : a city, town^ 
state ; the citizens. — Heoce Consinn- 
tino'polis, Adriano-polts, metro-po- 
lis ; polity f police, &c. 

TloKlrris : a citizen, — See above 

IloXtx*^: a little city or town. 
— Fr. ic6\is 

IloXXoflrros: As etKotrros fr. eiKooi 
is the twentieth, and elKoarhv /xipos^ 
the twentieth part^ or one part in 
twenty ; so xoWotnos fr. iroXXof, is 
the oiany-eth, and woXKoorov ^ipoM, 
the many-eth part, or one part in 
many, i. e. very small in number or 
very small* 

fioXot: the poks of the world 
or points on which the world turns. 
See iroX^M 

floXoff : a field. — * Land turned 
up for sowing,' Hes. See iroX^w. But 
the word is supposed to be corrupt 
by many commentators 

IloXroff : pottage, gruel. — H. poh 
or puis, pultis, and ptdmentum, and 

llo\vhevKi)s : cut down by the La- 
tins to Polluces,^ and thence to Pol- 
lues or Pollux, ueis 

nOAYX, neut. woXv ; iroXXos, voX- 
X17, iroXXov : much, many ; frequent, 
great, large, &c. Oi7roXXo2, the many, 
the multitude. — From toXus, xoiro- 
Xifs, is probably LgLt.populus, whence 
populor, depopulor ; populicus, pop- 
licus, publicus. H. poly-syllahle, po- 
ly-gamy, poly-theism, poly-gon 

iroXv-Betnos : most longed for. — 
* Fr. TiOetrrai p. of Oitrvo^ai, I beg, 
desire,' Bent. T^icyov iroXi^-Oeffre rd- 
cei^o-c,''' Callim. 

9roXv-rayi:^ff : very dry. — Comp. 

Tio\v-iraliraXo$ i very ingenious. 
— Fr. graiTrdXiy. Very inquisitive about 
minute matters, very subtle 

rioXv-TTovs : the polypus, a fish 
with many feet, or filaments which 
serve it for feet 



iroXv-«rpdy/LM#y : ' much engaged in 
business ; a busy-body ; c|irious, in- 
quisitive,' J. — Fr. wiicpayfiai pp. of 

iro\v'(TXihris : cleft in many parts. 
Fr. trx^hfiv fr. i(ry(^LTaimiaxiarai pp. 
of (r)(lSu. See iLvibriy 

voXv'TeXijs : sumptuous, precious. 
— Fr. r^Xos. That which requires 
much income, or costs much ex* 

Tlofm, arcs : drink. — Fr. wivofiai 

pp. of T($W 

TlofLTij : a sending or mission ; a 
sending on, conveyance ; proces- 
sion. — Fr. triwofiita pm. of xifiviit* 

ilofiwiKos : fit for a procession or 
for a show, gorgeous, splendid.—* 
Fr. wofivii 

Hoii^Xvl, vyoff, 4 : a bubble ; and, 
by resemblance to it, like Lat. ' bulla,' 
a round nail, stud, or boss. — For tc/a* 
<^Xv^ allied to vifu^ 

Tlovos I work, labor, toil ; fatigue ; 
labor of mind, distress. — Fr. niirova 
pm. of viyuf. lilva irdXis w6vov wo- 
vet ; Msch. : What is the distress un- 
der which the city labors ? 

Tlovripos : laborious ; distressed, 
wretched. — Fr. irov^w fir. irdvos 

Uovripos i laboring with disease of 
body, ill ; laboring with disease and 
depravity of mind, bad, depraved, 
malicious, &c. — See above 

Tloyros : pontus, the sea. Hence 
the HeUes-pont, the sea of Helle 

Ilo^, oKot : a fleece. — ^The same as 

TloTcavovi a broad, thin, round 
cake. — Fr. ftkroica pm. of ttkima. As 
being cooked or halted. ' Tenui|ia- 
pano corruptus Osiris,' Juv. 

TUicaii an exclamation of woe. 
'lov loif irdna^, Msch» 

Hovoi I "^ft noicoi is often used by 
Homer ; and translated variously, O 
Gods; alas, &c. Some suppose it 
allied to & Trairo), O papas." 'Itif aoi 

6 A white bead and white chin. 

7 ' Properly, a multitude. Comp. woXhs,' 
L. Compare * oppidum' and * oppidd.' 

8 Br. translates ToXXcMrrtp XP^'^V ^ ^^' 
stopb. Peace, 659 : ' longo post tempore.' 
I doabt not it should be translated, in the 
shortest time poesible. 

9 So the French in < rire,' for ' ridre' fr. 

'ridere j* 'plaire* fr. ' placere ;' 'dire* fr. *di- 
cere ;' and in feet the French langnaee seems 
greatly to consist in this method of abolishing 
Uie middle part of a Latin word. See ifpic' 

10 Thou child most longed for by year 

11 Scheide translates it, O ye oxntlb 


non 238 nop 

TToiroi TOTToi. ^scli. Heiicc Voss. de- Allied to jropoi 

rivea L»E. puppia, the poop of a ves- llopiSia : I open a passage or way 

sel: as on tbMt was painled llie God to another; I give or furiiisli means 

or Goddesa who presided over the toanmher; I allow tbe use of means 

vessel lo anotlier, permit. — Fr. nupos 

noToi: the sound of llie ejrn^. llopii,, : 1 funiisli, suliply, give: 

'Eirnio! ffoiroTTo woiroi Trorol, Arisloph. Having npgleeled (wnpiSeiv) \o sup- 

riinnruiM : * a word formed from ply food fur tile Hrm; : Tliuse sol- 

ihe soothing or caressing sound, diets (oh Sv iropioa itttous) Io whom 

which we use id culling a dog 1 aiiall give, or whom I shall furnish 

or a horse, tloirrvafios IiovKbv in with horses. nnplSo/iai, I suppiv or 

Clem. Alex, is calling to a servant in furnish myself willi any tiling, obtain, 

a manniir resemblin:; that of the ttok- acquire. See above 

wviriiiis,' TH. ' Poppytma, properly, IlDpiiw: I prepare, get ready : It 

a smacking of the lips, as when we will be necessary fur us (wapli^tv iffty 

kiss witli avidity. Fr. ■xoKiriS^iv, lo to. vXoio) to get ready the vessels for 

make a kissing noise; explained by you: properly, to supply you with 

some, to clap ihe hands. Juvenal vessels. See above 

lias, Frontemque manuiiique Priebe- Tlopis, Kopris : a heifer. — Vloprios 

bit vali crebruni poppysma roganlj,' 'r^ ^ooi, Uoui. 

Fac. ' jpop, Latin po^p^sma, a sniall Xlapiaiibf. a gain, acquisition, — 

smart quick sound ; formed from t lie Fr. TTEirdpitr/iai pp. of TropiSm 

sound,' T. IloicirvSbi seems lo be 7r6pKiis,Bv: the ring which fastens 

used in all ihe above senses the spike or Iron of ihe epear lo the 

ri6p!ia\is : See TrapSaXii wood. — Ad^irero tovpus Aijyji) eaA- 

Tlopbi): crepitus venttis. A Ti- x^'V '"'^fi' ^^ x/ivaeos die TriipKiji," 

iropha pm. verbi TrepSui Hom. 

Uiipost a passage through, pass- Tlopeos: a boar. — H. porcus and 

ing; a ford ; a palh or way. The pork 

way, means, or medium of doingany Topjios : a net. — Kai blKrva xal 

thing, ^schylus says that fire is {ip6\ovs na'i xopnous kq! ra roiavra, 

the teacher to men of every art, xal Plato 

fiiyat wopos. The wnpoi of money is Dcipi'i; ; anonian who sella herself, 

the way or means of gaining or col- prostitutes herself for hire. — Fr, -Hi.- 

lecling money. Hence Trdpoi is the Topva pw. of jripviii:=irfpya.u 

money so got or collected, wealth, tlopos : See before vopciai 

revenue. Sec. Unless n-dpoi is in tliis TrupTif : a clasp, ' IldpTq is a ring 

sense the means or medium of liv- in which a clasp is inserted ; but is 

ing. Also, help, assistauce : from frequently the clasp itself. Hence 

the notion of putting auother in I be Treptrof, a larger kind of ring, which 

way, or of being Ihe medium ormeans is afiixed to Ihe inner part of a shield, 

of bis doing any thing. Also, a pore and into which the arm is pui,' TH. 

of the body. — Fr. vivopa pm. of — Fr. ttiiropa pm. of Jreipu, (I pene- 

ireipw. Hence pors (as /jopos, ' mors') trate, pierce) wh. ttfpiivii. The se- 

wh. Val. derives pen* cond x is added, as fi in jSaXfiis, 

Hupetiui : I cause to pass over, Xpixr^qXaroit iropiraiaiy o\[t6i^as no- 
convey, Ac. Jlopeioiiai, I pass myself pat," Eurip. 
over ; I journey, go, &c. — Fr, jrupcs xdpiraf : See above 

riDpfleu) : I lay waste. See vfpQia ndp(iu ; at a dialance. With a 

HopB/iosi a passage over; a uar- genitive, further than, beyond. See 

row passage or strait ; 'Ec TopO/ijJ Trpiiau. Hence Lat. porro, furtlier- 

'\6a.K<it Tf 'LajiDu re, Horn.: In the mote; and porro in porricio.porrigo, 

strait between Ilhaca and Samos, — porlendo 

Gods; andfoma itfr. WiTBiTd pm.of ir^sTw. 13 Haiinf made tha pupils of his ejci 

13 The braien spilie of the ipetu shone, bloody bj clupB wionght of guld. 
- -■-' -"- r«nroundit, 




Tlopffalvw, iroptrvvw : I supply, fur- 
nish ; prepare, get ready. — Fr. voptrta 
fut. of w6p<a formed fr. wopos. See 

IIopffa(p(if, — vvo) : I pay respect to, 
regard ; I pay, attention to, take care 
of, &c. — Ot hi ore irayj^v Qeov ws irop" 
eraviovaiv,^* Ap. Rh. Tlepi nXeicrrov 
b* Tjyoy rh rov Qeov voptrvveiv,^^ He- 

Tloprts : See wopi^ 

Hop<j>vpa : a shell fish ; purple from 
it; a purple vest. — H. purpura, pur- 
pre, purple 

Hop<pvpls, TTopiftvplioy : kinds of pur- 
ple water fowl. — See above 

IIop<pypb) : I make purple. Said 
also of things which have a purple 
color. — Fr. irop<l>vpa 

llop(l>vp<o : said of the sea agitated ; 
**lls b* Sre iroptpvprj 'iriXayos fiiya 
KvfjiaTi,^^ Hom. And applied to the 
agitations of the mind 

Hopbt : I supply, give. See iropLita 

IIos : See otcti and irfi 

Tios : See tti; 

Tlo(reibiav\ Neptune. Called by 
Aristoph. WovTo-Troaeibwv 

TloffQri : pellis, qu*^ glans pudendi 
virilis integitur. — * Pra-putium, pre* 
puce, a * prae ' et notrdiov, penis,' Fac. 

Tlotri : dat. pi. of jtovs 

YlotTis, fi : drink. — Fr. Trivoffai pp. 


Uoffis, los : a husband. — "[Is re yv- 
vri KXairitri <l>i\ov iroaiv d^^i-Treorovora,'^ 
Hom. Oir yap €7r-€ya/i€t ir6(iei wo- 




Tlotros : how great, how many, &c. 
——See otros 

IToorraios: on what day ? — Fr. wos. 
So iicraios, it€fji7rra7os, on the sixth, 
on the seventh day 

ir6<TTos : how many ; and, how few. 

— '^AXX* &y€ fjioi Tobe elvk koI &rpe^ 
K€ti>s Kara-Xe^ov, rio&roy brj iros iarlr 
Sre ^etvitrtras CKeiyor, Hoy ^elvor bva- 
rtivovi^^ Hom. 

ifOT-aivioi :*° unexpected.-^ — ^Tlaira 
irpovl^eirlaTainai ^Kedpws to. fxiXXovr, 
ohbi fxoi iroT'aivioy Ufffi ohbky ^{c*,** 

nOTAMOX;' a river.— Hence 
hippo-potamus and Meso-potamia. 
See cTTiros and fxiaos 

TloT&DfxaL : See irerafxai 

XIoroTTOs : of what kind ? — ^A^cc 
avrf els rStv fxaOrirwv avrov, A(6d- 
fTKaXe, Ibe woraTrol Xidoi xal woraval 
olKO'bofiai,^ NT. Tis Kal Troram) 4 
yvvri ; Id. 

ndre : when ? Answering to Sre 

Tlore: at any time. See above; 
and comp. 'nij and wri 

vdrepos :' which of the two ? — ^ITd- 
repa frporep* hv eTri-ffrivta ; Soph., 
Which shall I mourn first 1 

UoTTj : the act of flying. — Fr. vo' 
Tao), wh. TTordoftac 

TLorrip, vpfis, 6 : a cup. — Fr. viiro^ 
rai pp. of vduf. That from which we 

ITor^ : for irpori = Trpocl == irpos. So 
the iEolians said rv for trv, re for ai. 
* Potts (wh. potiS'Sum, possum ; po^ 
tior, &c.) is fr. worJ, just by, near,' 
Voss. That which is at hand, within 
our reach 

Tiori^ta : I give drink to. — Fn W- 
TTorai pp. of iroa> 

ndr/Lcos : lot, fortune, fate ; last 
fate, death. — Perhaps fr. ireirora pm* 
of TT^ror, I fall. That which befals us. 
Qavarov Koi vorfiov kin-tnteiv,^ Horn. 
' 'iroTvi&oiiiat : 1 implore with tears ; 
weep, deplore. — Fr. iroTyios, one be- 
fore whom I FALL down. T6v 0eov 
Troryutffieyos tva e{ a'firf\avwv pvcrrfTai 

14 They will respect yon entirely as they 
would a God. 

15 They thought it of the utmost conse- 
quence to attend to the concerns of the God. 

16 As when the sea is much agitated with 
the wave. 

17 As a wife laments her dear husband, 
falling about him. 

18 For she did not marry husband upon 

19 But come, say this to me and count ac- 
curately how many years it is since you en- 
tertained him, your miserable guest ? 

20 Fr. TorUssirpbs, and ^yos, a word. 

Comp. Trp6<T'^ros, Or dvhs (wh. aXyiyfu, 
enigma) is here, obscure, dark. 

21 I know beforehand all futurity clearly, 
nor shall any mischief come to me unexpect- 

1 *^iroTcupp. ofir^. That which may 
be drunk ; in opposition to sea or salt water,' 

2 One of his disciples says to him : Mas- 
ter, see what stones and what buildings are 

3 ' From vhs and ertpos,* L. 

4 To follow close with or come to deatli 
and one's last fate. 

noT a 

oufiipiipuv,' Pllilo. KXalovtta Ka! iror- 
viai/iivi], Alcipliron 

tloTvios : venerable, august. ' Fr. 
TreTora pm. of riria. Oue before 
whom I FALL in reverence/ Dm. 
Oiii fioi ioTi Tnrijp Kot Tori'ia fiVTtp,^ 
Horn, riorvia U also, a mUtress or 
queen : tutviu Qi\pav' Aprefiis,'' Horn. 

Iloii: where? Auswen'og to oS 

IIov: any wLere, aomewtiere. See 
above, and coinp. Trrj and n->) 

■nov: somewbnt, nearly. IIucTti 
wov 01 avBpiiiicoi, Xen., Almost all 
tneu, 'Ap^! t!iv aWSiv trov &pav. Id., 
About somewhat tbe same hour. So 
we say: 'Somewhere about the 
same hour.' See above 

xoi' : somehow, perhaps. — Kai ai 
Ktro olaQa, Xen. See above 

nOT2, gcn.ioiot, o: a foot; step. 
A foot in verse or measure. Kara 
or irapa TroSai, at the feet, just by ; 
applied to lime, as marking the next 
day; or the next miuule, i. e. imme- 
diately.— The Solic is iris, wh.p«, 
pedis. Hence enti-podea, Iri-pod 

lilovt, wofidi '. the halaer in a ship, 
like pea in Lalin 

ndw : I drink. — See v/vu 

Xlpirraa, ill) : t do, make ; user! in 
the senses of these words, and of 
' facio,' ' ago.' EJ wpanau, 1 -do 
well, succeed; mvui rpaaaio, I do 
badly, succeed ill. Eu jrpdiTTiH differs 
from cJ 5pau, I do well to another, 
^Fr. pp. ff^jrpnKTai is practicable, 
that which can be done. Also, prac- 
tice, to practice, practical 

Wpaaaiii: I ask, demand, require, 
exact, like ' esigo ' in Lat. from 
' ago,' Tlpaaaofiai, I demand, exact ; 
and, I gain, obtain what I demand 
or ask. "EX^dv Rti AaKeiaifioywt 
•r&fTtii' iJv iiavrai TGXpayorei cIec 
xapa l3aai\iut,' Xen. 

npuy/ia, arm : a thing DONE, ac- 
tion, deed, act, affair, i^c; a thing 
being DONE, occupation, business, 

&C, — Fr. ireTrpay/iai pp. of irpdo-trw 

npayiiaTtiiofiai : 1 am engaged or 
occupied in any deed or business; 
applied to historians composing bjs- 

10 nPA 

tories ; to merchants traffickiog; to 
philosophers enquiring into truth, 
&c. ; and generally to any men busy 
wilh any occupation or engagement. 
— Fr, r pay fia, arot 

ripay^arno* : applied to persons, 
busy, engaged ; conversant, skilled, 
or cleverin any occupation. Applied 
to things, done industriously, active- 
ly, cleverly, skilfully, prudently ; ap- 
)>ertainingto any business or occupa- 
tion or science. 'H trpay/ianr^ iaro- 
pla is defined by Schw., history which 
is engaged in setting forth actions 
done among and by men ; and ^pay- 
fiarinii huyafut, a talent for busiuess. 
— See above 

npoyoi, eoi; a thing, affair ; pub- 
lic affairs, business, weal. — Fr. itrpa- 
■jfov a. 2. of rpuaaia; Or fr. irpjiyor 
a. 2. of irpftoffu=7rpd£rff(u 

npoirclpioj- : the Lat. prato ri ttm 
' srpnvrii : a shore. — IIeXiu hi yfi 
'Arin-dfwv fioXbtv, Xlpanriy irap' aMiv 
aiVii vatrn^rai \iirat, Lycophr. 

rTpdi.Tiup, Dpos : one who exacti 
fines and penalties from persons con- 
demned by the laws; one who exacts 
debts; &c, — Fr. wiirpaKTat pp. of 

npafiveios; an epithet of wine. 
Generally supposed to be called from 
Pramne, a mountain in the island of 
Icaria. ' Perizouius has shown that 
it was not a wine of a particolRr 
place, but of a particular kind, keep- 
ing lung, rough, rich, and yet sweet,' 
Ern, — 'Temper'd in this, theNympli 
of form divine Pours a large porlioa 
of the Pramnian wine,' Pope's Ho- 

npaii-KOJribi irdXiv: I plot agaiDsl 
a city; take a cily by plot. — Fr. 
Tpajii (fr, jriffpajai pp. of tcpaaffu) 
action, activity, cleverness; and ti- 
Kora pm. of Korru. But the appli- 
cation of Koirruis not clear 

irp^oi, irpaiii : mild, tame, genlle, 
humane.- — Perhaps for iripaios fr. rc- 
paiar^TTtpAar. As opposed to IM- 
FENETRABLB, liaaiXeui irpaiii &S- 
Toii,' Pind, np^oiaros ijilXeii, e^Opo" 

5 Imploring Ihe God to free him from 
embarassing iniifoTtaaei. 

6 1 h»e ao father oc venerBble mothei 
, ,.7 Dana, the miatresa of wild beuU, 

8 Tlipj aaid that the Licedemoniuu 
got what the^ requested ham the king. 
U A king mild to tlie citizena. 




^ofitp&rarosy^^ Xen. As fr« waiSp wats 
18 the .£olic irotf and irotp, wh. 'puer;*^ 
so Fischer fr. wpahs, .£ol. irpa^» de- 
rives proBtts, * PraVus fir. Tpao$^ 
mild, tame. But it will be said that 
saeh men should be rather called 
good than bad. True : but we must 
take into the account the age in 
which all virtue consisted in braverj, 
and meekness was contemned,' Voss. 

Upanlhes ; the breast ; or the dia- 
phragm» the part dividing the upper 
cavity of the bodj from the lower; 
intelligence, wisdom, &c. — BaXe hov' 
pi ^Hirap ^0 TTpairibwv, Hom. Rl- 
ivlnvi irpaTrliefrcrt,^* Id. See inrdhts 

flpatrov : a leek. — Hence the 'pra- 
sina factio * or the green party ; one 
of the four into which the charioteers 
were divided in the Roman games 

Upatria : a square or oblong plat 
in a garden ; a row, rank. — Derived 
by some fr. vpdaoy* A bed of leeks, 
&c. Ka2 iiV'hrtffov, Trpatrial vpatria), 
iiya ^Karov koI Ava wevriiKovTa,^* NT. 

• wpaaia : juice. — Tewarai fioravri 
^y XeiO'TpiPovyres rbv xvXor ainiis rti- 
poifvty Kol WKTOS fladelas roit ^c^Xeovf 
T&r Ttypiwv vepi'p^alyoviriy* ai hk bta 
r^v ivyafiiy rfis eK^yyOeicris wpatrlas 
vpfh-ytapfjaai fiij hwdfieyai Oyi^trKovtrt,^^ 

TJpaeris, etas, // : a sale. — For ir^pa- 
<ru fr. wepaw 

Updffoy : See before wpairla 

Upaererbf : See before wpayfia 

mjMTOs : the Doric form of Trpdrot 

frpaifs : See vpfot 

JlpifAyov: the root or trunk of a 
tree ; a foundation. — IloXiy irpefAvo- 
6ey way-wXeSpoy,** iBsch. 

Upirria : I have a becoming or 
graceful appearance. And this, above 
others ; I am eminent, conspicuous : 
*0 6' &rpe7re Koi bta ndyrwy, Hom. 
Upiwei yap &s rvpayyos cla-op^yy 
6oph. : For she is as conspicuous to 
look at as a queen ; For she is like 
a queen to look at. Hence irpiwia is 
simply, I am like, resemble 

10 Most gentle to his ^enda, most terrific 
to his eneoiies. 

11 With an intelligent breast. 

12 And they sat down, row hj row, by 
hundreds and fifties. 

13 There is grown a herb which they beat 
smooth, and preserve its juice, and sprinkle 
with it the dens of the tigers in tHe dead of 

Ttpimi : it is becoqiing, fit» pro- 
per. — See above 

Ttpitrlivs, irpeafieiff l old; an old 
man. A minister of state; of the 
church ; a senator ; an ambassador; 
as these are chiefly chosen from 
among the old. Comp. yipat and 
yip<ay» — Hence Tpeafii&repot, men 
older or elders, and hence presbyters 
in the Christian Church. From Lat. 
presbyter is the old French prestre, 
wh. priest 

'^pev'fieyf^i of a mild mind. — Fr. 
vpevsssnpe^s^sTrpaifs and fjiiyos, mens 

Tlpiw, Tpcua, irpijBia, Tpfj/xi, ^Ifntpri" 
/At : I set on fire, inflame. In Homei^s 
expression, &yefiOs irpfiffev lor/a, some 
suppose without reason that irpfjcrev 
is put for irXfitrey, It means, blew 
with furious fervor. Aristoph. has 
irpripatyoiitras OviXXas.-^Fr. pp. ir^- 
wpffffrai is irpricrrrip, a fiery wbiriwind : 
* Presteras Graii ab se nominitarunt. 
Nam fit ut interdum tanquam demb- 
sa columna'In mare de coelo descen- 
dant, quam fireta circum Ferviscunt, 
graviter spirantibus incita flabris/ 

wpYiyopetby : See irpo-riyopeuy 

npridij : See irpita 

TiptifialyiMf: said of things hot or 
burning. — Fr. witrprifiai pp. of 'xpita 

TIprjyris : pronus, headlong 

npiitreroif : Ionic form of wp&ffffia 

npi/ewjp : See wpita 

npriffTTip: a serpent whose bite 
produces burning thirst, Fac. — 
See irpiuf. ' Cultorem torrid us agri 
Percussit prester ; illi rubor igneus 
ora Succendit,' &c., Lncan 

Upririipioyi a market. — Fr. Tciirpri' 
rat pp. of 7rpaiii=7repd(tf, I sell 

ripijoiK, Trp&iv, irp&iayi a cliff, or 
prominence of a rock. — 'Ylputy: i. e. 
7rpo-ti)y Tils y^«,' Bl. 'A/i0J b* licri/- 
Tovy irirpat, AoKp&y opeioi irpSives £{p« 
fiolas r dxpai,^^ Soph.' 

Uplafiai: I buy; redeem. — Fr. 
7rplrffjLi=:'7rpiatoz=zTpdw=s7rep&w, * I buy 
that which is [PASSED over or] 

the night. Such of them, as are not able to 
move through the power of the jaice Ibos 
poured out, die. 

14 A city thoroughly destroyed from the 
▼ery foundations. 

15 The rocks resounded around ; the moun- 
tainous cliffs of the Locrians and the promon- 
tories of £ttb<£a. 

brouglit from anotber countrj,' Val. tlpA-flaToy : said generally of tf^ 
I thJDg to PASS by a sale animal; parlicukrlj of asfaeep. — Fr. 


from another to mvaelf,' J. Hence 
the name of Priam'* 

Upiy. before, formerly ; before 
that, aatequam. — Hence Lai. pri in 
pridie, pridem, prior 

irpivoi : a bolm or evergreen oak. 
— Hence wp/n^oi, hard as oak : 2rpu- 
ipvor Kal irphtvBv ^Sos, Aristoph. 

Uplut: I saw, saw off. — Fr. pp. 
'jreKpia/^ai are prism '' and priimatic 
colors. Hence priVo, 1 CCT off 
any one from any thing, deprive. 
And hence privus. Or fr. Kpiia i 
priVus, CUT OFF from others, sepa 
rated, peculiar ; and hence privo, I 

make peculiar to myself, 1 make my fii^oXa &c, Xenophoc 
onn, take away XeaOai ri irpo-fi6\iov 

IlPO: 'before, in front of. Ap- Jlpo-jioaiiis, Ihon the probotcis, 
plied to persons, before, in presence trunk or anout of aa elephant, of 
of. To liiue, before, previously, some other animals and some insects, 
antecedently to. To choice, worth, — Fr. ^oaxia. It is a prominent part, 
or dignity, before, in preference to, and with it food is taken op" 
above, beyond. He, who figlits to irpo-/3£iK: I snuff.— Kiip^oEx'»P''fle*' 
protectanother.Standsbeforehimand av rvv Xa^av tov \i^vov Tipo^voor. 
fights in his place ; hence it signi- Ouic dWa rifhi /loi boxu ruv X^vov 
fies, for, in defence of, instead of. jrpd/5uoeti',^° Aristoph. 
It also denotes progression or motion ilpu-hiKOi : one who protects ano- 
forward : forth, furtlier, forward,' ther Ly seeing justice done to him 

^iffarat pp. of 0i^. ' 

ing forwards as it feeds,' Schl. ' Any 
animal wliich moves before a man, as 
a flock of sheep before their shep- 
herd,' J. 

Upo-jiaaisi increase, produce, pro- 
ventus. See the note." — Fr. jiifia- 
aai &:c. 

Upa-jiXiifia, aroi I a thing cast be< 
fore us as a defence. And asa pro- 
-position, a problem, — Fr. ^i^Xiifuu 
pp. of /3X^<j 

npD-^\^r, ^roi : pro-jecting ; thrown 
before, exposed. — Fr. ^c/iXriTai &c, 

Y]po-li6Xwr : a hunting-pole. — Fr, 
' Q has irpo-^dX- 

Ormston. Thus in Latin: Sedeoa pro 
sede Casloris ; Pro-genitor, Pro~a- 
vus : PropatriS mori : Pro-consul: 
Pro-curro, Pro-Jicio. ITpo is also, on 
account of: He turned back wpo, for, 
fear, I. e., having fear before his ejes 

TJpb : r^v npd yiis ^evyui, i. e. ti 
y^v, says Bl. : I fly from land to 
land. M. supposes n-po here to mean, 
forth, forward, as in irpo-jSairu 

ITpo-ayaiyDt : a pimp, — Fr. a-yiii. 
'Utile porro Filiolam turpi veiulie 
PRODUCESE turpem,' Juv. 

po-aXi): : steep. — Fr. fiXn), 1 roH. 

defender, guardian, tutor. — Fr. ilti) 
ripQ-^u: I hold forward, aa my 
hands, prielendo; I pretend ; 1 hold 
myself forward, said of a promiuence, 
&c, ; precede another, in point of 
distance; or of excellence 

Upo-tjyopeiiv, irpijyopEuiy, ufOf. i 

crop or craw. — Fr. ^yuptov imperf, 
of dyop^id (I collect) formed fr.fiyopo 
pm. oii'iyeipia. That part in which 
first the food is congregated 

Tlpo-Biw. I propose, suggest, ail- 
vise. — Fr. fleuj, pono 

TJpoiJ, irpiA^, « ' 

That which rolls or tumbles things riage-gift from a father to a daughter, 
forwards. Qui provolvit. Xipji M — ' Fr.irpo, before, and ikio,' I send,' 
wpoaXei, Horn. TH. Or fr. Jno., I come. 'O i'6pm 

16 ' For, when a boj, after being taken oatUe, hul not with the eiclusion of com, 
IntoGreece lyHarculeaon thc'death of Lao- nine, &c. wliich come under the notion ol 
medon and tlie destruction of Tioj, ha 
REDEEKEC bj the TrojaBs," Fac. 

IT Haringall its sides catoff Biit tier 
diSeient plane b. 

18 Homer lifls Itflfi^i te vpSpairU 
which E. undarstatida of dead stock and 
■toct. This Em. condemns: 'Kei^i^Ak 
those things wbich^are put by in a hDUS< 
aceuunt of tbeir predousncss. Tifi&ai!, 

gnala,&c. are furnished with 
Ihej Buck the blood of animal), 
legotablBs, &c. for tbeit food,' 

i« bota ibe ground and 
I [»e laiup. i\ : but it strikes me tbal I 
auuff the lamp with cbii (^Gi^n). 
Formed fr. Xko. p. at ta,i/^^^^^^^^^m 

20 T^B 




KeXei/eiy idv ns inrO'Trifivri yvvaiKa, 
iLnO'bibovai rijv vpoiKa,^ Demosth. 
From wpoUa Voss. derives precar, 

UpolKa : i, ۥ Kara vpdtKa, by gift, 
gratis; without cost, or penalty. — 
See above. So bufpeav from bwpov 

wpoj, oKos: a roe, fawu. — Hence 
the island of Proco-nnesus, (The 
island of fawns) called also * Elapho- 
-nnesus ' fr. iXa^pos. 'HSe 7r/od«as ijbk 
Xaytoovs, Horn. From irpoKos is per- 
haps Lat. procax,^ i. e. frolicksome 
as a FAWN 

irpdKa : in an instant, immediately, 
suddenly. — Perhaps for Kara irpoKa, 
io the manner of a fawn; rapidly. 
Comp. vpcfiKa 

Upo-KoiTos : a sentinel. — Fr. jco/ri^. 
Comp. Lat. ' ex-cubiae' 

wpo-KOTTTUf : I advance, improve; 
prosper. — From the notion of pio- 
neers, &c. cutting down impediments 
in the way. See however hirip'KOTros 

irpd-Kpotrtrai yfjesi * ships placed in 
rows, one row before another in a 
decreasing proportion, so as to form 
an equilateral triangle,' Schw. Kpoa- 
tros is generically, says Dm.,' a series 
or row.' See Kpotrtrai. Reiske seems 
to derive it fr. Kpotrtrai, steps or a 
ladder : * Upo-Kpotrarot dicuntur res 
omnes seriatim et per oradus por- 
rectae et procedentes, ita at, quo ma- 
gis procedatur in altum, eo res magis 
introrsum recedat et quasi minuatur, 

Ut sunt GRADUS SCALARUM ad pla- 

ni inclinati modum positarum' 

TrpO'KtoTTOf I Sl<pos wp6-Kutnov ey j^e- 
poty ixioy, Eurip. * That to the hilt 
iKufTTT^) of which the hand is applied,' 
Bl. And, having the band applied to 
the hilt of any thing. Ela d^, {/^os 
vpoKtaTToy irds ns ehrpeTrtSirw *A\Xa 
prjy K&y<i} irpOKdnros oifK Ba- 
veiy, ^sch. 

Ilp6'\ofios: the crop of a bird. — 
Fr. XiXofia pm. of \ifiw^=:\dl3uf. 
That in which first food is received 

TrpdfjtaXof : a kind of willow. — 'E£- 
elrfs wpofiaXol re Kal hiai iK'^efvatny, 
Ap. Rh. 

^ 2 The law orders that, if any one repudiates 
his wife, he shall return the dowry. 

3 Others refer it to * proco* and * pro-cio.* 

4 Comp. \6yxn (a por(ion) and XAyxoaw* 

5 The Etymologists abiurily derive it fr. 

UpO'fArjB^s : prudent beforehand, 
provident.— Fr, ifirjeriy a. 1. p, of 
fidw, as fifJTis fr. pp. fiepriTdi 

irpo'fxyriaTiyoi : one aifter the other. 
— * For irpo^fityriffrivoi fr. wpo^fieyiv. 
One waiting for the other to pass 
first,' Dm. *A\Xa Trpofiytitniyoi ka^ 
-iXQ€T€y iirib* &fia T&vret, Hom. 

Upofios :' a chieftain, prince. — ^"Icli 
TToXem ayol vpo/jioi, Mscfk. From np6 

7rpov(oirris : prone, headlong, for- 
ward. — -Ayay irpoytair^s eis to Xotbo^ 
peiy, Eurip. 

vpoyawioy : the forepart, vestibule, 
&«• — OiiceTrc x<^pas UcXoTrids irpoy^t" 
wioy,^ Eurip. 

vpo^: See before vpoKa 

Upo'oipioy : See o«/iiy 

Ufw-iren)* : falling forwards, head- 
long, rash. — Fr. irirkt 

7rponriXaK(^(a : I treat contume- 
liously, insult.-^Perhaps fr^ ntiXSs. I 
daub with clay. Bapiws ^kpta rdXai- 
va ir6Xvv ^bf] 'xpoyoy, UpOTrriXaKiSo' 
piyas opQa* vfxas inro Eipiiribov,^ Ari- 

Tlpo'iroXos: a servant who waits 
before. — Comp. woXikt, verso; and 
/iroXiofjiai, versor : Qui versatur ante 

irpo-wpefify: ready, promtus. — * Fr. 
7rp€iity^=:wpriwy, The same as irpo- 
'tfprfyfjs, and hence the same as irpo- 
'Ov/ios,* Heyne 

nPOl seems primarily to imply 
motion to or toward s*. A pros-elytt 
to an opinion (fir. ^Xvrai pp. of kXCQv^ 
I come,) is one who has come to or 
acceded to that opinion. Upot then 
may imply motion, tendency, ap- 
proximation to ; accession to, and 
hence addition; siding with, con- 
junction with, alliance or connexion 
with, and hence relation or dpperte- 
nance to ; and (in relation to the ten- 
dency of the mind or will to an ob- 
ject) respect or regard to. (1) To, 
towards, in the direction of; against, 
oVeragainst. In the face of, before : 
Let these witness {irpos) before Gods 
and men. He killed her wposy turn- 
ing to, towards, the altar. To pro- 
vide ships TTpos, to go against, the bar- 

vpi-fAoxos, Bl. 

6 You inhahit the forepart of the territory 
of Pelops, or of Peloponnesus. 

7 I, unhappy woman, have long beta 
grieved to see you insulted by Euripides. 

npo 2' 

barians. Against, as applied to time: 
He made preparations n-poi the da.y, 
i. e. agaiDit daybreak. From tlie no- 
tion of approKimation n-poi signifies, 
nearly, about: About five hundred. 
(2) In addition to, besides : (as in 
pros-thrii* :^ ' Proithesis apponit 
capiti.'} Here jrpot always governs 
Ibe dative. (3) On the side or parly 
of another. On the side ur part of: 
That which is done (irpis) by llic La- 
ced lemonians. It is wpes a wise man 
to act 9u ; i. e. it apperlaios to, is 
the part of. This law was rather 
■rpot.oa the side of, theinjurers; i.e. 
in their favor, to their advantage. 
On the side of another, as regarding 
relatives : lipus the mother; i. e. on 
the mother's side. So, Those who 
are wpus blood; i. e. relations by 
blood. In relation to : What is this 
rpoi, in relation to, the matter in de- 
batel i. e. What has this to do with 
the matter 1 Upas seems to imply 
coDJunctton in this phrase : To make 
a treaty (n-poi) with the barbarians, (4) 
With a view to, with or in respect to, 
with or in regard to, on account of, 
in consequence of. 1 beseech ttiee 
(irpof) on account of, by, the Gods. 
ripcc nothing ; i. e. on no account, 
npoi these things; i. e, wherefore, 
accordingly. TTpiii means also, with 
a view to, in conformity to, agree- 
ably to. Andj with respect to, in 
comparis' a to : We are but fools 
(irpoc) lu respect Ij, in comparison 
lo, yon. Egypt presents more me- 
morable circumstances {rpdi) ttian 
all the country about 

JTpoi : * With its cases it freiiuent- 
ly constitutes an adverb: as vpotcu- 
-ai^Eiav for ev-af^iii. ITpoi fiiav, 
perforce; as inAlcteus, Nuv ypl^ fie- 
QvoKeiv aal ^pos jilay Tivttv. So irpus 
}l&ay>ty, willingly,' M. Perhaps irpos 
has here the idea of conjunction or 
coincidence: with piety, w'ilh vio- 
lence, with pleasure 

npuo-gKUKos : attentns, attentive. 
— Fr. ^kroi pp. of Jx**' Here irpop- 

8 From Biais, a plating. 

9 lifnerally denved from irpJ. It righllj, 
a Eeenu to be added at in rinriipfaStt. Per- 
haps it may be put for vp6au8f, at SirurBt 
tor MmBt. CoiDp. -mpiviroBtB. 
; M- A lioo in the lote pari, but a drngoa 

-ivw is for jT/wff-^w rov mSy 

npoir-ex^s: con-tinens, contignona, 
neighbouring. — Fr. ex"i ' hold oi 

ITpoo-ex^' atyia^ut : ' a shore run- 
ning on in a continuous direction, 
broken by no mouths of rivers, hol- 
lowed out by no bays,' Reiske 

Xlpaa-T/yopiKoy avo/ia : the name by 
which we are spoken to or addressed. 
Of Servtus Tullius, Servius was the 
irpoaii-yopucuy ovofia, Tullius the ony- 
-yenKov ovofia or family name. — Fr. 

ripoff-iiirei : it comes to or as far 
as, it reaches to, appertains to, von- 
cerns, interests, behoves.— -Fr. fvu 

TTpoff-iji^v ; ,niild, placid. — Allied 
to ifvia. One who comes readily to 
the bridle. See dir-Jii'^t 

npiSuSE -.^ before, either as to time 
or place. — Xlp&oBe \iav, oTriBev ii 
5pdKMf,'° Horn, "AXXore (iiy irpoeff 
'%KTopos, &Wot' oiriaQev," Id. 

npoa-tvtio) : I kiss ; 1 adore, re- 
verence, from ihe Eastern mode of 
kissiog the mouth, hands, or knees 
of superiors; 1 prostrate myself be- 
fore another in adoration ; and, sim- 
ply, 1 bend myself. See laiviu 

iipoa-Kvia : I adore. — See kvu and 

Trpocr-ftaxOi"- translated, adhering 
to, glued to, in this passage of So- 
phocles : nXeupoIffi yap Ttpna-fiaypiv 
ix fiiy EiT^aroi B^^uite aapKas.'^ It 
comes from ^aoo-w; but tbe applica- 

npoo-TTQioj ; unexpected, sudden. 
— Fr. TTo/u. Properly, that wliich 
strikes against us, or against whicil 
i tribe, i 

Tlpofr-iroi^ui : I do any thing in oN 
der that it may be (rpoi, a parte) en 
the side or to the advantage or gain 
of another or of myself; I cause 10 
be acquired, or acquire; I vtndicale 
as the property of another or of my- 
self. XlpDir-woiioi/ai, 1 acquire ; vin- 
dicate, claim ; aet forward as my 
claim, prsc-tendo ; I claim airogant- 

11 At one lime before Uector. at ano 

behind him. 

12 For (the poisoned robe), slicking to 
lidea, lia* deroured the e '""" -" 




pretend, feign. * Quia iUi, qui 
uant, aliquid sibi assumunt, tri- 
ll, vel affingunty hinc irpoflr-rocei- 

etiam simulare significat/ Schl. 
poo'w6KoiZ a servant, &c. — See 

Ipwrtrodtv: the same as wpwrOev 
ida^iftaros : fresh, recent. Hecuba, 
seeing Hector lying dead be- 

her, after lamenting that he had 

dragged by Achilles round the 
b of Patroclus, thus addresses 
: Nvv bi fjioi epaiiets eac rpc^^a- 
Iv fieyapoiai Keio'ac, Tf ticeXos 6vt 
9p6^o^os *A7f6\K(i>v Ois ayavdis 

s is here supposed to mean, re- 
tly ; and i^aros to come fr. re^a- 
pp. of ^a« wh. f^alvia 
IpoO'i^p^s : like, efi-tjiepris 
lp6(r»^pos: that which leads to 
is conducive to an object, com- 
lious, convenient. — Fr. friff^opa 
. of fip^o, fero 

Ipoe-^vfii : I cling, adhere to. 
m the notion of one thing grow- 
by the side of another. So irpoe' 
)i is. said of one attached to ano- 
r in friendship : Ilfwar^veU eiat Kal 
•ycfeis, Plato 
|p($-^i}/ua, arosi that which is 

1 before, quod praetenditur ; a 
tence, pretext ; a veil, show, form ; 
inial appearance, outward show 
plendor, majesty, &c. — Fr. itrxji' 

pp. of axita formed fr. &x»= 
>, I hold 

poa-x^*>: I accede to, assent 
Sec. — Xpi^ b^ ^iyoy fikv Kapra irpoa' 
ptiv 7($Xec,'^ Eurip. 
IfM^iii:'' forward in point of time 
>lace ; at a distance. — Ol^e yo$- 

Afia irpdciTm Kal mrlatrv,^^ Hom. 
Srpvfiifv oh vpotrw rffs *lEXKiii(nr6v' 
/^ Herod. From vp69^ are w6pam 
I w6^ wh. parro: * Inscius £- 
s qu8B sint ea flun^ina pwro^' Virg» 

I ' Yet glow*8t thou freih with every 
ig gnoe. No raark of pain or violence oif 
; Koty and fair, as rhoBbuft' silver bow 
oiss'd thee gently to the shades below/ 

\ It becomes a stranger very mach to ac- 
s to the sentiments of the city he dwells in. 
I Generally derived fr. wpb, thoo^ it 
Id seem lather to belong toirf»&5« to, to- 
\ He knew how to comprehend before 

* Si ire porro pergas,' Ter. 

wpdo^tiiwQv :'' a &ce, .countenance; 
the whole front part of the body $ 
the external form, figure, represen* 
tation, character, person of a man. 
Thus Polybius speaks of Homer as 
introducing or representing thevf^^- 
'tavov^ the person or character of 
Ulysses. It is also used for, the 
whole man, a man. — ^EIW ro irp^- 
-itfirov airroD itireX npoc^ttwov iiyyi^ 
Xov,'' NT. Hence prosopo-peia, a 
figure by which things are made per- 

. 'irporaiyt : unexpectedly, suddenly. 
— AUied to Toralvios. For totI and 
irpoTi are allied 

TT/oo-r^Xcto, tav : * rites initiatory to 
marriage. And, as there were irpo- 
rAeia as initiatory to other thingpi, 
the word means also the commence- 
ment of any thing of importance,' 
R. npo-r^Xeia kcc^cucos, ^sch. : skir- 
mishings. — Fr. ri\ot 

nPOTEPOX: prior, former.-- 
Comparative of wp6. The more first 

Hforipii : more forward, at a great- 
er distance off. — See above 

Ylpcri : See wotL 

irpd-Tfirifftt : the navel. — Fr. Ifr/m^ 
(rac pp. oif rfidw. Prae-scissio. That 
which is cut in the fore part, or when 
a child is first born. ' Me from the 
womb the midwife muse did take: 
She cut my navel/ Cowley 

«]po-ro/ii) : a bust. — Fr. tirofia pm. 
of Ti/tyi*, Upo seems to refer to the 
upper part of the body : * Effigies 
sen imago hominis umbilico tenus 
ducta,' St. 

frpo^oyos : a cable. ' A rope stretch* 
ed from either side of the mast to- 
wards the prow and the poop,' Schol. 
on Ap. Rh. — Fr.r^oya pm. of rc/m^ 
Tffroi' i* loTo^dKy 7r4Xa<ray, irpor6yoti^ 
aiP w^iyT€s, Horn. 

npopyii : a plum or damson tree.— • 

and behind. 

17 The Strymon is not te from die Hel- 

18 Jh,H, inSs. ' I. e. irar irp6s rhv iwa, 
omne quod ocnlis et faciei admovetnr, sea 
lanra ; aut, quod, ut anterius, est oculis et 
frieiei alterius obvenHim/ SchJ. ' I^ i^t 
roa wfii lUoos, pars circa oculos, at iti^mww» 
th lurk root Mor,' 8t. 

19 They saw his face lika tbs fiut off ■■ 

npo 3 

Hence pruntu and prune 

npoiviKot OT rpovrtiKos : a word va- 
riously interpreted, Kiisterand Du- 
cang; suppose it the sitme as [TrnupKi- 
Kof^l TcopviKos fr. iropvtj : nietetri- 
ciuB. Larcher says : * ir^ovveitoi, <iui 
fit \iepa veUovi] ante pugnani. ITpou- 
veiKQ^iXq^ara, basiaquiedanturanle 
rem peractam, prieludia aiiiatocia.' 
Some derive it fr, irpo and vUii ; Oae 
who desires to get before a rival in 
quickness of step. But this deriva- 
tion is opposed to the meaning of 
this word as given generally, iin- 
cbaate. impure. When the Greeks, 
says Dueang, speak of a person vio- 
ladijg a female, they say, 'V.vpovfi- 
KEVffc Ti)vhe, He has violated her 

upovTCTDs : mauifesl. — For irpA-oir' 
Tos. Seen directly before us 

Wpovpyov; worth wliile, of advan- 
tage, or of consequence. — For -rpo 

i€ npo ^H 

to be used also for, altogether r^^^ 
Tpuei air-SkavTai.\\p6x'-v pcacui, HoDl. 
Damcn translates it : May they fall 
on their knees and perish. Comp, 
' prceceps, prtecipilis' fr. ' prae'and 
■ caput' 

Trpo-xwroi : fruit or cakes poured 
on a victim, — Fr. lii^orai pp. of ^^iiw. 
has otiko-yvrai (fr. ofcAois 

akes) in tliit 


WpvXia : foot 
Voss. derives jircefii 

Y]pii\tt '. a dance in armour. — See 
above. X\pi\tv afv^ifrmyTo, Callim. 

Xlpvityos: applied to the extremity 
of any thing. — Xlpviivov hk ^ayloya 
hovpit hxioai ^pv\p€y,'' Hon). 

Hpi/tya ; i. e. wpv/ty^ viiLs, the ei- 
tremily of the ship, the poop. — See 

npirafu: a chief ruler, prefect. 

At Athens the xpurdi-eii were magia- 

*pyow. Of a nature to compensate Irates who presided over the senate. 

for the labor. St. translates ij ; qi 
est pne-verlendum, that which is 
done in preference to any thing else, 

Oviiy en'o/ijoav Kpoipyialr^pov,^" Po- 

7rpovat\6b}OT -iiii: I treat with con- 
tumely. — AjTTO^ai Kiap, 'OpQv t/i' 
-aVTOv ube TrpovafXoi/ieyor,' £sch. 

irpo-faaii: a plea, pretext, pre- 
tence ; alleged cause or reason ; cause, 
iion. — Fr. irifaaai pp, of fail, I 
r I show. See ;rpiJ-oxi/"i 

-Perhaps fr.jrpO^irpo, wh-irjadr-EpM; 
and n-pi, wh. vpiy. ' But lh« couDcil 
of live-hundred had not been con* 
Bulled concerning any of the mea- 
sures proposed; they were still in 
possession of the prytaneium or 
slate-hotise, in which a part oftbem, 
the prj/tanes, usually lesided,' &c., 
Mitford's Greece 

wpiiji' ; lately. — Fr. ^rpo, ' For 
Ttp^ijy i. e. wpiiiii)y iifiepiiy,' TH, On a 
former day. To*- trii Trpiiijv KreTvai 

Hpo-fipoj: i. e. ftk, I hold myself afivt-ofieyov wEpl n-drpiji. 

before others, excel, have the pre- IIpui r in tiie morning, early.— Fr. 

-ference or preeminence. Compare irpo. In the former part of the day. 

irpo-Sxiii Hence xputVoi, malulinus. Fr. rpwi- 

Trpo-fiiTi)i : one who speaks in the vq ii pruina 
place of another and interprets his ^pi/iia : XSn^ii re j-ai irpintta, 
ideas ; an interpreter of the will of Horn., Yesterday and the day before 
the Gods, a revealer of iheir will ; a yesterday. See above 
^op/ie(,— Fr. iri^jirai pp. of ^tiiu, I HpiLPKrui: anus, podex, — Hinc jo- 
speak culare verbum apud Arislophaneiu 

Tipof^avfi : a pretext, plea. — ITpo- rijv wpuiKro-Trtir-Effip/Sa, solcrmilaleai 

xnvoi'tip/oCTToirairn, Callim.: Every quinquennalem observandi podicem 

plea was invented. Apparently, by Tlpiiy. See vrpijii*- 

a strange ellipsis, for irpo-ryayri fr. ""p^l,, uikos: a dew drop. — Some 

irpo-^X*'. See rpoiryri/ta derive it fr. irpwi, like ' pruina,' T^- 

Hpojcf: ' for Trpdyyv^Ttpo-yow, vas /liv S^ rot ras jrdprios abra AcXei- 

forward on the knees,' St. It seems irroi T&arm- pq npuiKai otrlStuti, 

20 Thtj thoughl nothing of greBter im- 2 The point of the spew Iwerated the ei- 

portsncD. tremity of (he aim. 

1 I (m hurl at ttae beut, to tee m jself 8 Whom you latel; lulled m 1m wm fi^ 




Aevep o Tirrii, ;* Theocr. 

Upwpa : prora, the fore part or. 
prow of a vessel. -Fr. vp6 

nPftTOS : first, chief.— For wpoa- 
T0$ for Tpdraros superl. of vpo, wh. 
irpdrepos. H, proto-type, proto-col, 

JJraipuf, iTT&pvv/Aat : I sneeze. — 
Perhaps from the sound vr.^ *[U (l^aTo' 
TriXifxa'xps ik fxi'/ iwrapey,^ Horn. 
Sneezing was ominous. Hence Pe« 
nelope immediately remarks to Eu- 
maeus : O^x opaas, 6 /40c vlbs ctt- 
'iwrape Trdaiy ivetratv ;^ From irrap' 
rvia IS Lat. stemuo soft for ptemuo 

Tlralu): I hit against, stumble, 
fall ; stumble in judgment, &c., err; 
fall in battle. — ' For wcro/wssTrcraw 
=7rerfti, wh. ir/nTw,' TH. *0 b^ wop- 
"eKoXei /III vpos tov ahrov XlOor xra/- 
C4I',* Polyb. 

9rro{, aKos : a timid animal. — ' Fr. 
m-^fffftif, as ^a£ fr. piicrtrto, 7rXa( fr. 
irkfurtrta,' BI. Rather fr. Iirraira p. 
of irrdtfssTrerdfii fr.Triria, I fall down, 

m-dojiai : See irkrafxai 

Urata : I fall. — For ir€ra«=x^w, 
wh. vlvTkt 

• IlrAas : a wild boar 

in-eKia : an elm. — Aiyeipoi TrreXiai 
re, Theocr., Poplars and elms. G. 
supposes it put for nerdXia fr. vira' 
Xov. * Fcecundae frondibus ul- 
mi,' Virg. 

m-ipts. : fern, brake. — A2 ii kc ical 
TV fioX'gg, &vaXay wripiv (She warfi^ 
ffeis,^ Theocr. 

Uripva: the heel. — Hence irrepvl- 
' S<o, I trip the heel. lias abeXipos 
irripyri Trrepvcec, koX 9ras i^iXos hoXi(^$ 
iropevorerai, LXX. : Every brother 
will trip with the heel, and every 
friend will walk fraudulently. If 
* spuo ' is altered from wtvu), sperno 
may be altered from Trripva 

Tlripoy, irrepv^ : a wing. — Fr. Trrew 
wh. 'TTTflfii, I fly. See irkTOfxai 

4 This calf has only its bones left it. Does 
it feed on dew, like the grasshopper ? 

6 Less expressive than sn in English, 
-whence sneeze, snort, sniff, snore, snarl, &c. 

6 Thus she said. And Telemachus sneez- 
ed violently. ^ 

7 Did you not see that my son sneezed 
after all I said ? 

8 He advised him nojt to stumble against 
the same stone, not to commit the same mis- 

Ilr^fci : See above 

Tlrrivos : winged. — Fr. iniia. See 

Ilr^o'ffa;, £ai : I crouch, dread, 
tremble; make to crouch. — Fr.wri}- 
crta fut. of irritat (See Tritria) I fall 

TiriXoyi a wing; generally trans- 
lated, a soft wing. * Of feathers 
some are called xr^a, others wripa^ 
Schol. on Aristoph. — Ty icrlXf fiiX- 
Xcu e/ieiy;^^ Aristoph. * Hence per- 
haps Lat. pilus [soft for ptilus]. For 
hair is to footed animals what scales 
are to fishes and plumage to birds/ 

irWXof," TrriXXos I having the eyes 
or eyebrows bald. — * Forte pro w/- 
Xos. Cui ex ciliis pili periere,' L. 
So TTToXis for wSXts, Ti/0Xos 9 x^^^' 
rj tttIXXos tovs otpOaXfiovs,^* LXX. 

Urifffrw, Itrut : I pound ; beat in a 
mortar. — Perhaps for witrauf, L, So 
TToXis for iroXis. Hence hdi, piso 
and pinso, pistor, &c. 

nTurdyrj: barley or rice. — Pro- 
perly, pounded and beat. See above. 
Hence ptisanarium, a ptisan, a de- 
coction of barley or rice : * Agedum, 
8ume hoc ptisanarium oryzK," Hor. 

wToiu), TTOiiti) : I make to fear or 
quake. — Fr. irrow=7rr^(i>, wh. xrijo*- 
eria, M^ ^o^ov /jirjbk irrorjdys, LXX. 
TLroiriBeU vv ipotri, Callim. 

TlrdXefios : for woXefios 

TItoXis : for woXis 

7rr6pdos i a shoot. — KaXtSs Tpof^ai" 
(Tiy &s ris iTTopOos rjhldfirjy,^^ Eurip. 

Uropdos : illegitimate. — UropBoy 
^Ayxfcrov ydyovy Lycophr. 

TTvp^ : I terrify. — Fr. irru(i>=7rr<Jw 
(wh. TTToita) and vriia (wh. vrfiaata), 
Tlapa-X6yb>s ev^rpofiov rov iirwov ye- 
yofiivov Kai TTTvpipTOs,^^ Plut. 

nri/ffo-w, Jw : I fold, fold up. — Fr. 
p. TreTrrv^o are hi-irTV^os, two -fold ; 
Tpl-'jrrv')(ps, three-fold 

Urvist : I spit ; spit out, reject.--^ 
Fr. the sound vr, Fac. supposes m" 


9 If you also come, you will tread down 
here the soft brake. 

10 Are you going to vomit hy means of a 
feather ? 

11 'For rl\os and rlWos fr. riWa,' S. 

12 Blind or lame or having the eyes bald. 

13 I grew well by nurture as any shoot. 

14 The horse heing unaccountahiy fearful 
and terrified. 

tf lo have exiated and lo have pro- 
dnced Lat. pituita 

Y\tvov: a fan or winnowing sho\el, 
— Fr. rriu. From its causing corn 
to spit oul or reject the chaff 

rirw^a, aros: m fall. A dead 
body, as ' cadaver ' fr. ' cado.' — 
Fr. thrraiiiai &c. See n-^irtij 

" ' ■ " ich through 

e nye 

— 'Ek yiarov rvB/iiyot tit KopB^^c,'* 

nOBio : I make to rot. — Fr. pp. 
TctjivTai are pnfeo, pufris, putrid 

niS<^y. Apollo PyaiM*. Also, 
one inspired by bini 

riuKa : thickly, closely; solidly, 
firmly. Transferred lo the mind, 
solidity of mind, prudently. 

fear, tremble; I crouch at the feet IIuKa ppovcorrmv, Hon). : ■ Eorum 
of another, beg. — Fr, jrrwtriu fut. of qui valde pirmo et constanti sunt 

«tAu, I fall. See iriau 

nr(iij(oi : a beggar. — Fr. viiiTiir)(a 
p. of vraaaii). Hriuj^ili Ss jcara fioru 
Ilruj^euein:' 'I6at7)s, Horn. 

viiayav : a bean. Allied possibly 
lo irvo^oi=i;ua^o[ 

Xliiap, iruDi : the first milk in the 
breast after parturition. It is trans- 
lated also, the rich part of milk, 
cream, — Fr. -rrva, I press, press close. 
(See n-ofu,) From its coticreteness. 
Comp. viav 

Tliiyr) : nates, clunes. — ' DepygU, 
nasutB, brevi latere, ac pede longo,' 
Hor. Hence salo-pygium, a wag- 

Yliy-apyoi : a pygarg, a kind of 
bird or beast wilh a white back or 
tail. ' A puttock or perhaps a ring- 
tail. A beast like a fallow deer ; a 
reindeer or perhaps a roebuck,' Fac. 
— See above. ' Lepua atque aper 
atque pygargus,' Juv, 

■rii/y-opyoi: variously interpre- 
ted, timid, base, mpacious; and oc- 
curring in Lycophr. 9I 

Tlvy[ir) : the space reckoned from 
the elbow to the fiat. Hence llvy 
ftalos, one of ihat height, a Pygmy, 
Hence pumilus for pugmilui, as ' sii- 
mulus ' for ' stigmulua.' See below 

[luy/jj):" the fisi; boxiog. — Al- 
lied lo Lat. pugil and pugnus. 

Uvyiiy : the same measure as 


riueXoi: 'a vessel in which milk 
is kept to turn to cream ; any vessel, 
as for eating from, bathing in, &«.', 
Dm.— Fr. jtuos 

ni,ew. Pythiui. Apollo 
HvOfi^r, iyot, o ■ a bottom, base. 

aninio," Dm. Transferred to trine, 
in close succession, frequentlf . — Fr. 
irhrvKa p. of iruu, I press close; wb. 
wiiay, pug, thick matter ; tuoo, &e. 

See ,ro/u 

make thick or close ; cover round or 
gird the body closely with a gar- 
ment, Ihe head with a garland, &c. 
iEschylns has, Toifiy eS irvt&&m. 
Gird yourself well wilh Ihe bow 

rivKivDf, wvKtos: thick, solid; pru- 
dent; frequent. — See jrita 

nurroi: folded tablets. — FoDmw- 
rai. Homer has : rpaxjias Iv iclytuii 

niitrifi, Du : a boxer. — Fr. rfwur- 

Toi pp. of jTuirw, as m/yp) fr. -gitniy- 


' TIuktU, ihos : some animal 
HoKTciov: a writing desk. — A 

place for pulling by (nvKras) lablels, 


riuXi; : a gate, entrance. tliiXat 
was ofleu applied to any streighls or 
passages, which opened a commuDi- 
cation between one country and ano- 
ther. So Thermo-pyfte, the Pyl^ 
Cilicise, Ac. 

Tlv\-ayipai : Ihe members of the 
ow Amphictynnic council who assembled 
-Al- uear Py/ee, i, e. Therroo-pylEc. — Ft. 
See &yopa &c. See above 

TTuX-upor : a gale or door-keeper. 

as — Fr. &pa, care, or oupos, one who 

watches over 

milk TiifiaTos : last, remotest. — -"fli'E*- 

isel, TOifi ori /liv re f/era rpmroiai Aaye- 

i-c,', HKev,' AWoTe S' e>' JTu/iUToio-i,'' Hom, 

Huvios : a bottom. Hence Lat. 

fundum, as 'trophxum' or ' tro- 

fseuni ' fr. Tpoj^aloy. Hence /undo. 

15 'Fr, Ttlruyiuu pp. of »4»[0(, 1 iBftte 
close,' Vk. See niKO. 
16 Fiom the lowest bottom uv 10 the lop. 




fundamentaly foundation 

TlvvQavofxai : See vtvQia 

Hvli with the fist. — Fr. irhrvlai 
pp. of TTvk'w,- as TTvyfitl fr. vhrvyfiai, 
TTVKTijs fr. TT^iri/Krac. Allied are pugil, 

tlvBos : &ujrt», the do<r tree 

Uvits, ibos: fr. TTufos. A box, 
yrhich is supposed, says T., to have 
its name from the box wood. Ilvfts 
is also used generally for any vessel ; 
as Lat. jn/xis, whence the Catholic 

Tivoy : pus, putrefied blood. — 
From the concreteness. See walof 
and vvap 

Tlvos : See wvap 

HYP, gen. wvpbs, r6: fire. — Hence 
vvpa, pyra, a pi/rs or pile to burn 
the dead. To wvp many '^ refer ttv- 
papU, Ibos, 2i pyramid, from its re- 
semblance to the ascent of fire : 
whence Milton speaks of Satan 
' springing upwards like a pyramid 
of fire.' Hence the em-pyrean, &c. 
Fr. irvp6y»f TTvpw Val. derives Lat. 
buro, (wh. com-buro) bussi, (as uro, 
ussi) bustum,^ wh. bustum, i 
Uvpa : See above 
irvp-aypa: a pair of smiths' tongs. 
— * That by which we hold ignited 
matter, or which we take (aypeo/icv) 
from the fire/ St. 'That which 
(&yp€t) collects and gathers to itself 
something from the fire/ Dm. Or, 
that which (ayci) conveys fire. Fiyro 
ik x^«/oi 'Faiarfipa Kparepov, eripytpi bk 
yivTO irvp-aypriv,^ Horn. 

irvpaKTkia : 1 heat. — ^^irvpoKTeov kv 
ifvpX KTiXi^, Hom. Perhaps fr. ire- 
mipaKTai pp. of irvpaiti) fr. vvp ; but 
generally derived fr. wvp and &KTai 

19 But Jablonski judiciously asks : ' Who 
can believe that the Egyptians would give a 
Greek name to works which were peculiar to 
themselves, and which were the most deci- 
mve indications of their glory?' In regard 
however to such words as aeiarpoy, which 
Jablonski refers to the Coptic^ but wliit^h are 
plainly Greek, an observation made by liim- 
self will show that he may be deceived : * We 
are authorised in concluding that those names 
are called Egyptian which were in reality 
Greek, as the Greeks took the thing intended 
by them from the Eg3rptian8, and expressed it 
In such Greek words as answered to the 
Egyptian V 

' 20 Others refer ' bustiUQ * to ' comburo ' 
and this to ' uro/ 

pp. of 6ytj : I draw to the fire 
JJvpafjiis : See vvp 
Tlvpyos : a tower ; wall ; a move- 
able tower of wood used in sieges ; 
a disposition of the phalanx. ' An 
oblong square in the form of a 
tower,' * Rob. — * Burgh ; Sax. burg: 
Germ, bourg ;. low Lat. burgus i 
Gr. TTvpyos ; in the Macedonian dia- 
lect fivpyos,' T. Compare Peters- 

if vpcTos : a fever. — Fr. irvp, vp6s* 
From its fiery nature. Comp. ' febris ' 
fr. ' ferveo' 

TTvpilv, fjpos : the woody or bony 
part of an apple, &c., kernel.*- 
^^pei Tov KapTTOv fiei^uf, XevKorepov, 
Kal Toifs wpflpas i^ovra /JtaXaKuri- 
povs,^ Theophr. 

rivpia : a warm or tepid bath.* — 
— Fr. TTvp, vp6s 

Uvpiarris: for irvaplTtis, a decoc- 
tion of the Tvap, St. 

Uvpos: wheat; corn in general. — 
Aovs. eKAtTTf fjiibi/ivoy irvpStv, yvKTOS 
eis rrjv UebyriXttrtrov €i(T-iweu'K€,^ Po- 

Tlvpyov: bread. — Fr. wvpiyor fr. 

Uvp6ta : I set on fire, burn, &c. 
Also, I explore or try by the light 
of fire. Kadapf bi irvp^traTe bwfia 
0€€if, Theocr. — Fr. wvp, vp6s 

Hvi^plx^] : a kind of dance in ar- 
mor, or morris dance. — * Saltatio- 
nera armatam Curetes docuere, pyr- 
rhichen Pyrrhus, utramque in CretA,' 

Uvpplxios : a foot consisting of two 
short syllables, as vvpl ^ 

Uvppbs and Trvporos: fire colored, 
ruddy. — Fr. wvp, vp6s 

1 He took with ene hand a hard mallet, 
and he took with the other a pair of tongs. 

2 Doubtless it must have borne a more real 
resemblance to the ancient towers than what 
Damm supposes : ' Vocatur apte v6pyos, 
siquidem, ut murus arete junctis lapidibus, 
ejusmodiordo militaris arete junctis militibus 
firmiter stabat.' 

3 It bears larger fruit, and whiter, and 
with softer kernels. 

4 ' Male thuribulum Laurentius. Uvphiy 
caldarium sive tepidarium Latini vocant. 
Fomentum qui volet, cum eo facilis transac- 
tio,* Wess. 

5 Having given a bushel of wheat to each 
man, he sent them \]!^ xoi^VvWt^ 'S^^OAa«^%« 

nvp s 

TIvpiToi : a (orch ; a signal with a 
torch. — See above 

Hiiaris, tut : hearing, report, &c. 
— Fr. TriKvorai p\>, of wiiQii 

> nnM 

nSfui, aros: a draught; cup.- 
Tivw/jai pp. Q{it6u, I drink 
riiifiit, oTOi ; a cover, lid.— 

milk found in tlie sloiuaclis of culves 
and oiher animala. — l"r, wesruroi pp. 
of iriiu, I press close. See TrvKu. 
'Yalvr)s X°M t"! ^uicqt vvTia tx."^"' 
ri vpiitfuirovt ^iieifioi;'^ Pint. 

HvriyTi : a twig. IIvTivaios, made 
of twigs. — AiVrpt^iJt, xuTit'oin fiocoy 
f^uv «-7-tpa, e^ oiiSecoi fieyaXa irpdr- 
' Aristoph. 

the CONCRETED press. Iliifta ^apfrpiji. Hoi 

Apparently for o& iru ;iuX.a, b_v a 

lode of express 


n any n 

For wp. See irij and t 

t any li 


sthe second r 

Xoj[9i)rov Qjr' ^pou" [Iiu-/iaX(t," Ari- 

ITuipos: blind; transferred to the 
mind, ignorant, stupid. — Heuce T. 
derives pore in poje-blind or pw- 

Ilupus is also translated, gross, 
fat, "En TseTTUipainiyriv (X^^^ ^^'' '•"P' 
5/avl^<SK;" NT. 

Ilwi: in what manner! howl 

of Pogon from his long beard,' how ! as a partii-e of admiration. - 

n<iiX^o/tai : I am conversant with 
a place, freijuent it, veraor. — Fr. 
JiiXbi, verge. So cu^riw fr. r^/jui 

tlw\iiu:^ I sell.— Hence pAarmo- 
eo-pola, biblio-pola : and mono- 
-pofy, an exclusive privilege of sal« 

niiXDs:"'acolt; applied also to the 

young of animals generally ; a boy. See Tr^a/iai 
girl. — Heuce puZ/uj, pullulate, pal- ""' 
let, pottltrj/. ' Tad-pole : fr. ' tad,' 
toad, and ' pola,' a yoiing one,' T. 

(dat. plur. of nos), qnibtu 
i. e. modisl As &s for uTi 

Iliiif : in any or some manners- 
See above, and compare xfj and im 

Ilui: I wish, oh Ibat. Tlisir 
SKoiiiar; Eiirip., O that I niigbtpe- 

riuriiD/iai : I fly.— 'For iroTao/itti* 

a flock. — Fr. iru=wiM, 

P': 100. P.: 100,000. Parti- 

cular marks represent 90 and 90,U00 

'Pa : supposed by some to be (he 
same as &pa and op, and Iriinslaled, 
therefore, then. But it means also, 
certainly, truly, &c. : and is one of 
the most iudeflnile particles of the 

'Po/35oi,'^ }/ : a rod, sliik ; fishing 
rod; sceptre; handle of a weapon. 

6 Tlie gall of the )i;ona Hnd the reuuel 
of the eea-calf are useful for diseases. 

7 DiitrepheB, having wings of twiga 
doea great things after being noting, 
meaua [bat Diitrephea became rich aiu, 
advanced to honcrs b; Iiaviiig made Iwig 
tela,' Knsler. 

8 For iraiiytH' b. v6ii, S. 

9 Vi.nAki, 1 turn. For what is se 
but turning, changing ut commuti 

I go roaad wilJi tliiiiga for sale, J. 


the bottom uf a garment. — Fr.p<<|9Soi, 
radius (for rabdiug '*) is usually de- 
rived : ' Ccelique meatus Describent 
radio,' Virg. 

^ahafivot : a young shoot, branch, 
pdiif. — perhaps allied to pabavos= 
^altvot, tender 

'VabiyAs: tender, soft, delicate. — 

'Air' oaaiav paiiywy pfot,"' £sch. 
MwTat fXiepthfs, nBr-aeiaaT€ ray |ia- 
J<m>' ^01 IIqiS'," Theocr. 

10 Perhapa from ntoAoi fr. TtEs, puco, I 

11 ' Be gone from me.' ' By do nwwb* 

12 Have yoo. vet your beut noM mt 

1 3 Perhaps far ^if rSoi fr. ^awU. 

14 So al$Sji and altt) are the Mine. 

15 A stream from my tender eyet.